Baroque Music! (Approximately 1600-1750) Early Baroque Emphasis on classical Greek ideals was abandoned. Composers used flowery tonal embellishment to ornament melodies This went along with the new artistic traditions Name “Baroque” comes from the Italian word for “pearl” Continued to explore emotions Terraced Dynamics Layered dynamic levels within a composition Compositions still remained one single mood throughout. Beginnings of Opera First art form to recognize the potential of the solo voice for communicating a text’s meaning. Assigned the melody to one voice rather than keeping all the voices equally busy. Use of continuo An accompaniment consisting of a harpsichord sounding the chords and the viola da gamba reinforcing the bass line. First appeared around 1600 Opera (cont.) Opera dramatized a story though music. The presence of a solo voice supported by accompaniment was essential. Music within Opera Recitative Speaking musically A combination of singing and speaking through which events of an opera’s story are told. Arias More songlike Marks a pause in the storytelling while a character reacts to the events. Orfeo (1607) Written by Claudio Monteverdi One of the earliest operas on record Scored for soloists, chorus and orchestra Uses recitatives, arias, madrigals and orchestral music. Madrigals use word painting. Tu se’ morta (You are Dead) Conveys grief with a melody and rhythm that follow the natural inflection of the text. High notes convey excitement and grief Low notes convey despair and death. Tu se’ Morta You are Dead Tu se’ morta se’ morta, mia vita, You are dead, dead my darling Ed io respiro; Tu se’ da me partita, And I live; You have left me, Se’ da me partita per mai piu, You have left me forever, Mai piu non tornare, ed io rimango Never to return and I remain – No, no che se I versi alcuna cosa ponno No, no if verses have any power, N’andro sicuro a’ piu profondi abissi, I shall go boldly to the deepest abysses, E intenerito il cor del re dell’ombre, And have melted the heart of the queen of shadows Meco trarotti a riverder le stelle, Se cio negherammi empio destino, Rimarro teco in compagnia di morta! Addio terra, addio cielo, e sole, addieu Will bring you with me to see the stars, Or if cruel fate will deny me this, I will remain with you in the company of death, Farewell earth, farewell sky, and sun, farewell.