INTL 399: Comparative European Literature Siena Italian Studies Program Total Contact Hours: 45 The course seeks to provide the student with knowledge of comparative literature that will allow him/her to read and interpret a poetic, narrative or nonfiction passage, comparing it to other readings, to which it is related linguistically or thematically, for poetic analogy or method. Another objective of the course is to offer various general guidelines of comparative literature through textual practice, such as: modes and forms of comparison, relationships between language and themes, forms, composites, imitation, translation, interpretive styles and relationships between different languages and cultures. Some fundamental authors of Italian, German, English, French and Spanish literature will be considered, with the goal to observe corresponding American productions that touch upon similar themes and genres. Students should improve their knowledge, not only of the authors discussed and of their works, but above all will develop linguistic-literary competence, strengthening analytical skills while comparing the synthesis of the literary works. The course will be divided into two parts: In the first part, the characteristic of the literary genres (romance, story, poetry) and the peculiar linguistic characteristics of each genre (rhetorical figures), proposing analyses of literary passages of authors to evaluate the progressive knowledge of the students and to improve their textual and linguistic skills. The second part of the course will analyze various Italian and European literary passages, similar in theme and formal composition. In addition, the course will explore eventual research and comparisons with American literary works Evaluation Criteria: During the course, students will read literary passages selected by the instructor, research each author’s bibliography, propose their own thematic and linguistic interpretation of the works, and present one or more authors that they are familiar with that relate to the analyzed works. Students will complete a mid-term exam and present a final paper in which they will demonstrate their skills of textual analysis and literary comparison. • • • Class Participation (reading texts, analyzing texts, introducing biographies, proposing literature analysis): 30% Midterm Exam: 30% Final Paper 8-10 pages: 40% Required Materials: Course readings will be provided by the instructor. Program and Topics: The following topics will be presented and discussed: From the First to Second World War 1.) The European Situation after WWI; The Affirmation of Fascism; The birth of Nazism; The Principal Tendencies in Art; The Avant-Garde Movements (futurism, expressionism and surrealism); 2.) Discomfort in Life and Literature: Europe’s Identity Crisis, rejection of the world, lack of values, the loss of reality. - British and American Poetry: T.S. Elliot (The Wasteland); J. Joyce (Ulysses, Part II, First Episode); Woolf (Mrs. Dalloway, Chapter 1); E. Hemingway (The First Forty Nine Stories, select paragraphs); E. Lee Masters (Spoon River Anthology, select poems) - French Philosophical Treatise: J.P. Sartre (La nausée, select paragraphs) - French Novel: A. Camus (L’Étranger, select paragraphs) - Italian Poetry: U. Saba (Canzoniere, select poems); S. Quasimodo (Ed è subito sera), E. Montale (Le occasioni, all of the poems) - Italian Novels and Stories: A. Moravia (Gli indifferenti, chapters. VII, XV), D. Buzzati (Sessanta racconti), I. Svevo (La cosienza di Zeno, select paragraphs) - Italian Theater: L. Pirandello (Enrico IV, Sei personaggi in cerca d’autore, select paragraphs) - German Theater: B. Brecht (Die Dreigroschenoper, select paragraphs) - Spanish Poetry: F. Garcìa Lorca (Romancero Gitano, Poema del cante hondo) Bibliography AA. VV., (1999) Moduli di letteratura italiana e straniera, ed. Laterza, Bari-Roma. AA. VV., (2009) Letteratura come dialogo, ed. Palumbo, Palermo, vol. 3. Banfi E., (2004) Lingue d’Europa, ed. Carocci, Roma. Guglielmino S., (1999) Letterature straniere, ed. Principato, Milano. Santagata M., M. Travoni, (2009) I tre libri di letteratura, ed. Laterza, Bari-Roma, vol.3.