Letteratura Scientifica
Premessa
Allo scopo di individuare i principali progetti di ricerca sviluppati da Università ed Istituti italiani,
nell’ambito delle tematiche nutrizione, alimentazione e sviluppo sostenibile, ed individuare specifiche
competenze scientifiche in tali settori, è stata effettuata una accurata analisi della letteratura scientifica.
La ricerca è stata svolta attraverso l’uso dello SciFinder Scholar, una banca dati della CAS (divisione della
American Chemical Society), che contiene la più numerosa ed aggiornata raccolta di informazioni
scientifiche.
La ricerca è stata effettuata con le seguenti parole chiave:
•
nutrition and sustainable development/growth
•
nutrition and food
•
food science and food technology
•
food industry
La ricerca è stata poi ristretta ai soli lavori prodotti in Italia nell’ultimo decennio (1998-2008).
I risultati ottenuti sono riportati nella tabella che segue.
Numero di Pubblicazioni Ottenuto dalla Ricerca
Parole-chiave
nutrition and
sustainable
nutrition and food
food science and
food technology
food industry
Totali
1998-2008
7506
5137
202078
Prodotte in
Reviews
Brevetti
122
35
2
100596
1712
384
57
16796
10919
284
91
4
17060
10704
216
56
12
Italia
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Analisi della Letteratura
L’analisi della letteratura è stata condotta allo scopo di evidenziare i punti fondamentali a cui si rivolge la
ricerca scientifica nel settore dell’alimentazione, in particolare in Italia.
Un primo aspetto che sicuramente emerge è la dimensione sociale ed ambientale della Scienza
dell’Alimentazione, ovvero la necessità di definire una nuova Scienza dell’Alimentazione ed una nuova
politica della nutrizione, maggiormente attente ai problemi sociali ed ambientali.
Questa riflessione porta gli scienziati che operano nel settore verso la ricerca di una Scienza
dell’Alimentazione e di politiche nutrizionali, poste in un contesto di sviluppo sostenibile. A tal fine, la
ricerca è principalmente indirizzati verso i seguenti obiettivi:
•
rispetto dell’ambiente:
identificazione ed uso delle risorse disponibili;
agricoltura sostenibile;
sostenibilità in zootecnia;
•
sicurezza alimentare:
tracciabilità degli alimenti in tutte le fasi della catena alimentare;
sviluppo di metodi di controllo degli alimenti;
•
alimentazione e salute:
corretta alimentazione per la prevenzione di patologie;
gestione di patologie legate ad errate abitudini alimentari;
alimentazione nella terza età;
micro-nutrienti: uso e abuso.
I punti indicati non sono tra loro separati, ma strettamente interconnessi in un ciclo, che, se correttamente
attuato, garantirebbe al cittadino una migliore qualità della vita.
1
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Educazione alimentare
Corrette abitudini alimentari;
Salute
alimentazione sana ed equilibrata
¾
¾
Agricoltura e zootecnia sostenibili
Igiene degli alimenti: produzione,
packaging, conservazione e trasporto
Emerge inoltre la necessità di fornire al cittadino informazioni chiare e non ingannevoli
Importanza di programmi di “teaching and training”
Da questo quadro semplice quadro, appare che importanti aree di ricerca possono essere così schematizzate:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Alimenti da sistemi di produzione sostenibile e a basso impatto ambientale.
Ottimizzazione della catena produttiva in agricoltura.
Nuove tecniche di produzione: alimenti e nutrienti.
Effetti di contaminanti ambientali sulla salute: neurotossicità, allergie, etc.
Influenza della nutrizione sulla salute nella terza età
Impatto dell’alimentazione sulla salute
Sviluppo di metodologie per la tracciabilità degli alimenti
2
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Altre utili fonti bibliografiche sono:
• APAT: “Annuario dati ambientali - edizione 2007”;
• APAT: “Italian Greenhouse Inventory 1990 - 2006. National Inventory Report 2007”;
• APAT - ONR: “Rapporto Rifiuti 2006”;
• COM (2006) 105, 2006: “Libro Verde: una strategia per un’energia sostenibile, competitiva e sicura”;
• CEFIC: “Responsible Care Annual Report: Europe 2006 - 2007”;
• Federchimica: “L’industria Chimica in Italia - Rapporto 2007 - 2008”,
• Federchimica: “L’Industria Chimica in Cifre, 2007 - 2008”;
• ICCA: “Responsible Care 1985 - 2005”;
• LEGAMBIENTE: “L’emergenza Idrica in Italia - 2007”
• Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio: “Relazione sullo stato dell’ambiente - 2005”;
• Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico: “Bilancio Energetico Nazionale - 2006”;
• Ministero delle Infrastrutture e dei Trasporti: “Conto Nazionale delle Infrastrutture e dei Trasporti anni
2006 - 2007”.
• CEFIC, Federchimica “14° Rapporto Annuale Responsible Care® - 2007”
Alcuni utili siti web:
http://www.minerva.unito.it/default.htm
http://www.minerva.unito.it/Chimica&industria/IndiceChimicaIndustria.htm
http://www.federchimica.it/Index.aspx
http://www.riflessioni.it/salute_alimentazione_naturale/index.htm
Elsevier, Trends in Food Science & Technology:
http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/601278/description#description
European Federation of Food Science and Technology (EFFoST):
http://www.effost.org/index.htm
3
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Nutrition and Sustainable Development/Growth
4
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 5 Research Topic candidates were identified in CAPLUS and MEDLINE.
using the phrase "nutrition and sustainable development"
Selected 2 of 5 candidate topics.
1 reference was found containing "nutrition and sustainable development" as entered.
6887 references were found containing both of the concepts "nutrition" and "sustainable".
Refine by Company Name started
150 references were found when refined by Company Name "italy"
Remove Duplicates
119 references were found (31 duplicates removed)
Refine by Publication Year started
111 references were found when refined by Publication Year "1998-2008"
Refine by Publication Year started
99 references were found when refined by Publication Year "2000-2008"
Copyrights:
CAPLUS: Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society. All Rights Reserved. (The UK patent material in this
product/service is UK Crown copyright and is made available with
permission. © Crown Copyright. The French (FR) patent material in this
product/service is made available from Institut National de la Propriete
Industrielle (INPI).)
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REGISTRY: Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society. All Rights Reserved. (Some records contain information
from GenBank(R). See also: Benson D.A., Karsch-Mizrachi I., Lipman D.J.,
Ostell J., Rapp B.A., Wheeler D.L. Genbank. Nucl. Acids Res. 28(1):15-18
(2000). Property values tagged with IC are from the ZIC/VINITI data file
provided by InfoChem.) CAS Registry is a service mark of the American
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CAS, CASREACT contains reactions derived from the following sources:
ZIC/VINITI database (journals 1974-1999, patents 1982-1999) provided by
InfoChem, INPI data prior to 1986, and Biotransformations database
compiled under the direction of Professor Dr. Klaus Kieslich.)
CHEMLIST, CHEMCATS: Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society. All Rights Reserved.
Bibliographic Information
Saffron, an alternative crop for sustainable agricultural systems. A review.
Gresta, F.; Lombardo, G. M.;
Siracusa, L.; Ruberto, G.
Dipartimento di Scienze Agronomiche, Agrochimiche e delle Produzioni Animali,
Universita de Catania, Catania, Italy. Agronomy for Sustainable Development (2008), 28(1), 95-112. Publisher:
EDP Sciences, CODEN: ASDGAP ISSN: 1774-0746. Journal written in English. AN 2008:539741 CAPLUS
5
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) is an autumnal flowering geophite whose dried stigmas, well known for their arom. and
coloring power, have been used since immemorial time as a spice in human nutrition, for medicinal purposes and as a
dye. Many doubts remain on its origin; it was probably selected and domesticated in Crete during the Late Bronze Age.
Saffron is an autotriploid geophyte species, self- and out-sterile and mostly male-sterile and therefore unable to produce
seed, that reproduces by means of corms. Furthermore, it has a reverse biol. cycle compared with the majority of
cultivated and spontaneous plants: flowering first in Oct.-Nov., then vegetative development until May, which means
that the vegetative development is not directly important for prodn. of stigmas, but for the prodn. of new corms. Due to
its unique biol., physiol. and agronomic traits, saffron is able to exploit marginal land and to be included in low-input
cropping systems, representing an alternative viable crop for sustainable agriculture. Notwithstanding this great
potential and the considerable increase in new generation consumer demand for saffron, the future of the plant is still
uncertain. Indeed, the main obstacles to saffron prodn. are: (1) the limited areas of cultivation in countries where it is
traditionally grown, (2) the great amt. of sophisticated spice, (3) management techniques executed by hand, and (4) the
very high price of the spice. Here we review the main biol., genetic and ecol. traits assocd. with agronomic
management techniques of saffron in relation to environmental conditions. Color, taste and aroma are the essential
features on which the quality of saffron stigmas is founded. In turn, these aspects are strictly connected with the
biomol. compn. of the stigmas, namely, the carotenoids and their derivs.
With this in mind, the biosynthetic pathway that leads to the formation of saffron secondary metabolites and their
abundance in the spice is presented, together with the biomedical properties commonly assocd. with saffron.
Furthermore, a detailed overview of the more recent instrumental methods to assess the quality of saffron, strictly from
a chem. point of view, will be discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Assessment of alternative land management practices using hydrological simulation and a decision support tool:
Arborea agricultural region, Sardinia.
Cau, P.; Paniconi, C. Center for Advanced Studies, Parco Scientifico e
Tecnologico, POLARIS, Research and Development in Sardinia (CRS4), Pula, Italy. Hydrology and Earth System
Sciences (2007), 11(6), 1811-1823. Publisher: European Geosciences Union, CODEN: HESSCF ISSN: 1027-5606.
Journal written in English. AN 2008:401897 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Quantifying the impact of land use on water supply and quality is a primary focus of environmental management. In
this work we apply a semidistributed hydrol. model (SWAT) to predict the impact of different land management
practices on water and agricultural chem. yield over a long period of time for a study site situated in the Arborea region
of central Sardinia, Italy. The phys. processes assocd. with water movement, crop growth, and nutrient cycling are
directly modeled by SWAT. The model simulations are used to identify indicators that reflect crit. processes related to
the integrity and sustainability of the ecosystem. Specifically we focus on stream quality and quantity indicators
assocd. with anthropogenic and natural sources of pollution. A multicriteria decision support system is then used to
develop the anal. matrix where water quality and quantity indicators for the rivers, lagoons, and soil are combined with
socio-economic variables. The DSS is used to assess four options involving alternative watersheds designated for
intensive agriculture and dairy farming and the use or not of treated wastewater for irrigation. Our anal. suggests that of
the four options, the most widely acceptable consists in the transfer of intensive agricultural practices to the larger
watershed, which is less vulnerable, in tandem with wastewater reuse, which rates highly due to water scarcity in this
region of the Mediterranean. More generally, the work demonstrates how both qual. and quant. methods and
information can assist decision making in complex settings.
Bibliographic Information
Free fatty acids as mediators of adaptive compensatory responses to insulin resistance in dexamethasone-treated
rats.
Novelli, Michela; Pocai, Alessandro; Chiellini, Chiara; Maffei, Margherita; Masiello, Pellegrino. Department
of Experimental Pathology, University of Pisa, Italy. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews (2008), 24(2),
6
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 155-164. Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., CODEN: DMRRFM ISSN: 1520-7552. Journal written in English.
AN 2008:333548 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Background Chronic low-dose dexamethasone (DEX) treatment in rats is assocd. to insulin resistance with
compensatory hyperinsulinemia and redn. in food intake. We tested the hypothesis that the elevation in circulating free
fatty acids (FFAs) induced by DEX is the common mediator of both insulin resistance and insulin hyperprodn.
Methods For this purpose, an anti-lipolytic agent was administered during DEX treatment to lower lipacidemia for
several hours prior to glucose and insulin tolerance tests. Leptin expression in adipose tissue (by Northern blot) and
plasma leptin levels (by RIA) were also investigated to verify whether a rise in circulating leptin could be responsible
for the anorectic effect of DEX. Results Our data show that a transient pharmacol. redn. of elevated plasma FFA levels
abates the post-loading hyperinsulinemia and counteracts the insulin resistance induced by DEX, supporting the
hypothesis that the chronic elevation in FFAs is the common mediator of DEX-induced changes. Despite enhanced
leptin expression in white adipose tissue, DEX-treated rats show no significant increase in plasma leptin levels. This
suggests that the anorectic effect of DEX should be mediated, at least partially, by other factors, possibly related to the
influence of concomitantly elevated plasma FFA and insulin levels on the hypothalamic centers regulating feeding.
Conclusions Our results sustain the idea that a prolonged increase in plasma FFA levels plays an important role in the
adaptive regulation of glucose and energy homeostasis, not only by potentiating insulin secretion but also by providing
a signal of 'nutrient abundance' capable of restraining food intake.
Bibliographic Information
Genes expressed in Blue Fin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus) liver and gonads.
Chini, Valentina; Cattaneo, Anna
Giulia; Rossi, Federica; Bernardini, Giovanni; Terova, Genciana; Saroglia, Marco; Gornati, Rosalba. Dipartimento di
Biotecnologie e Scienze Molecolari, Universita dell'Insubria, Varese, Italy.
Gene (2008), 410(1), 207-213.
Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: GENED6 ISSN: 0378-1119. Journal written in English. CAN 148:441963 AN
2008:231710 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Blue Fin Tuna (BFT), Thunnus thynnus, has been seriously endangered by global massive overfishing and by the
pollution of marine environment. Feeding and fattening of caught tuna in marine cages is a recent resource, but the
development of a self-sustained aquaculture activity, being independent from the supply of wild fish, is required from
both industrial and conservation perspectives. At this scope, several tech. problems have to be solved and the control of
reprodn. is the cardinal one. Beside the technol. developments of farming facilities and protocols, a mol. approach
seems promising for the studies of appropriate nutritional strategies, reprodn. physiol. and animal welfare, as well as
lifestyle and response to endocrine disruptor pollutants. In this context, we have started an EST project on this species
sequencing 2743, 2907, and 3014 clones from expression libraries of ovary, testis and liver, resp., and 1499 clones from
an ovary normalized library. Thanks to this project, we have identified several sequences with known function in other
organisms, but not previously described in this species. Among the new genes, 712 were found only in the expression
library of the ovary, 613 in that of the testis and 318 in that of the liver, while 324 addnl. genes were shared by two or
more expression libraries; other 127 genes not found in the expression libraries were obtained from the ovary
normalized library. This represents a contribution to the knowledge of the mol. basis of BFT and a necessary step for
facilitating further mol. studies on this species.
Bibliographic Information
Olsen phosphorus, exchangeable cations and salinity in two long-term experiments of north-eastern Italy and
assessment of soil quality evolution.
Morari, Francesco; Lugato, Emanuele; Giardini, Luigi. Dipartimento di
Agronomia Ambientale e Produzioni Vegetali Agripolis, Universita di Padova, viale dell'Universita 16, Legnaro
(Padova), Italy.
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2008), 124(1-2), 85-96. Publisher: Elsevier B.V.,
CODEN: AEENDO ISSN: 0167-8809. Journal written in English. AN 2008:177661 CAPLUS (Copyright (C)
2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
7
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
Due to its food prodn. and environmental buffering functions, soil is considered a strategic target by the European
Union and its quality evaluation could be used as an effective index of sustainability. The evolution of some soil chem.
parameters has been studied in two long-term trials established in the early 1960s in north-eastern Italy: one (SF)
comparing nutrient management treatments (i.e. org., mineral and mixed fertilizers) in lysimeters contg. widely
contrasting soil types (i.e. sand, clay and peat) and the other (CR) involving a field study with crop rotation, nutrient
(org. vs. mineral fertilizers), and management intensity variables. Soil was analyzed for Olsen phosphorus (Pav),
exchangeable cations (Kex, Naex, Mgex and Caex) and salinity, evaluated by measuring the elec. cond. (EC). A bifactorial quality index based on fuzzy logic was then tested and applied to assess the overall soil quality and its
evolution in the cropping systems. A min. dataset of chem. (pH, org. carbon, cation exchange capacity, Pav and Kex)
and phys. parameters (available water content and water-filled porosity) was used to elaborate the index. In general, the
use of org. fertilizer resulted in higher Pav, Kex and Mgex concns. than the mineral treatments at the same levels,
whereas no differences for Naex and Caex were obsd. Salinity level was not influenced by the org. treatments probably
because the consistent water drainage in the area prevented salt accumulation. The soil quality index represented the
soil productivity function, explaining up to 74% of yield variability. Index comparison highlighted the pos. role of org.
and mixed fertilizations in increasing and maintaining the soil quality. The bi-factorial index of soil quality based on a
min. dataset is a good tool for the policy maker to evaluate the effects of management practices. However,
standardization and accuracy of the soil analyses are important to reduce sources of variability that could have a strong
influence on the soil quality evaluation.
Bibliographic Information
Nutrient fluxes in kiwifruit orchards.
Tagliavini, Massimo; Scandellari, Francesca. Dipartimento di Colture
Arboree, Alma Mater Studiorum Bologna University, Bologna, Italy. Acta Horticulturae (2007), 753(Proceedings
of the VIth International Symposium on Kiwifruit, 2006, Volume 2), 487-494. Publisher: International Society for
Horticultural Science, CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal written in English.
AN 2008:170774
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Understanding the cycling of nutrients at the orchard ecosystem scale and quantifying their fluxes between different
compartments are important steps for a sustainable management of fertilization allowing improvements of the use
efficiency of internal resources and a redn. of both the need for external fertilizer and the losses of nutrients from the
system. This paper discusses approaches used to study biogeochem. cycles at the orchard scale, exemplified by specific
data on kiwifruit from the literature. The focus is on methodol. aspects as well as on the potential use of results. Major
fluxes of macronutrients considered are 1) uptake and partitioning; 2) cycling within the plant; and 3) soil return of
nutrients during decompn. of vine litter. Soil nutrient uptake and partitioning within vines are assessed by excavation of
plants and data on biomass of pruned wood, abscised leaves and fruit as well as their nutrient concns. Internal cycling
studies have been focussed mainly on nitrogen because of the availability of the stable isotope 15N and have addressed
the storage and remobilization processes between subsequent years as well as recycling between leaves and roots within
a single season. Nutrient release from decompg. leaves and prunings was studied using the litter bag technique and 15N
labeled material. Data on nutrient fluxes should be integrated in a model to predict fertilizer needs and the fate of
internal and exogenous nutrients.
Bibliographic Information
Intestinal fermentation: dietary and microbial interactions.
Piva, A.; Galvano, F.; Biagi, G.; Casadei, G.
DIMORFIPA, Universita' degli Studi di Bologna, Ozzano Emilia, Italy.
Biology of Growing Animals (2006),
4(Biology of Nutrition in Growing Animals), 3-31. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: BGAIAB ISSN: 1570-6222.
Journal; General Review written in English. AN 2008:169777 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
8
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 A review. The gastrointestinal tract of growing animals represents a complex and constantly changing milieu,
according to the result of complex interactions between dietary ingredients (influenced by their chem. and phys.
characteristics), age, prodn. stage and immune status of the animal, environment management and microflora metab.
The antibiotic growth promoter era is at its endpoint and new strategies to maintain high and safe prodn. stds. are
needed. In this scenario, no longer bacterial inhibition, but rather bacterial modulation should be the primary target of
all research efforts. Moreover, any alternative to antibiotics should be properly studied and must fit to prodn. conditions
and market requirements in order to be successful. Addn. of org. acids, prebiotics and probiotics, as well as lowering
the dietary buffering capacity and direct feeding of specific nutrients to sustain intestinal mucosa functions, are all
strategies that require in-depth investigation. Some efforts are in progress to assess the advantages of "combo
strategies" where, for example, a blend of org. acids could cumulate the effects of the different acids on animal physiol.
and microbial metab., while a symbiotic combination could maximize the efficacy of a prebiotic NDO (nondigestible
oligosaccharide) by coupling it with a probiotic strain that can electively ferment it. Science in the post-antibiotic era of
animal farming is facing an intriguing challenge that will give a successful return only if applicable and reliable in
practical situations.
Bibliographic Information
Treated and untreated olive waste water application on ryegrass meadow: chemical soil properties and yielding
responses.
Montemurro, F.; Ferri, D.; Convertini, G.; Maiorana, M. C. R. A. Istituto Sperimentale Agronomico,
Bari, Italy. Agrochimica (2007), 51(2-3), 148-159. Publisher: Pacini Editore, CODEN: AGRCAX ISSN: 00021857. Journal written in English. AN 2007:1394264 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A two-year expt. was carried out on a rye-grass meadow with the aim to evaluate the effect of untreated and treated
Olive Waste Water (OWW) on yield and N utilization of rye-grass, and on soil chem. characteristics. In a completely
randomised split-plot exptl. design with three replications, the following treatments were compared: unfertilised control
(Contr); OWW at 50 m3 ha-1 (max. dose permitted by the Italian law) (OWW); OWW treated with MnOx catalyzer at
50 m3 ha-1 (T_OWW). Both wastes were also applied on soil without cultivation. The results showed that the
cumulative dry matter yield was higher in T_OWW treatment in the exptl. years, confirming the possibility to use olive
wastes as partial substitute of the mineral fertilisation. Although the total amt. of N distributed with T_OWW in both
trial years was lower of the 44.2% than OWW treatment, the mean of N uptake of rye-grass was higher of the 39.1% in
treated waste, indicating a higher bio availability of N in respect to the raw waste water. The results also highlighted
that the application of olive wastes increased the level of main chem. soil nutrients and of org. carbon fractions and
improved the soil properties; did not substantially raise the soil heavy metal levels; sustained the rye-grass growth.
Finally, the org. carbon fractions increased significantly when the olive wastes were applied at the soil without rye-grass
crop.
Bibliographic Information
Soil application of meat and bone meal. Short-term effects on mineralization dynamics and soil biochemical and
microbiological properties.
Mondini, Claudio; Cayuela, Maria Luz; Sinicco, Tania; Sanchez-Monedero, Miguel
Angel; Bertolone, Eleonora; Bardi, Laura. Istituto Sperimentale per la Nutrizione delle Piante, Sezione di Gorizia,
CRA, Gorizia, Italy. Soil Biology & Biochemistry (2008), 40(2), 462-474. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN:
SBIOAH ISSN: 0038-0717. Journal written in English. AN 2007:1320198 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Meat and bone meal (MBM) utilization for animal prodn. was banned in the European Union since 2000 as a
consequence of the appearance of transmissive spongiform encephalopathies. Soil application could represent a lawful
and effective strategy for the sustainable recycling of MBM due to its relevant content of nutritive elements and org.
matter. The effectiveness of MBM as org. fertilizer needs to be thoroughly investigated since there is a lack of
knowledge about the mineralization dynamics of MBM in soil and the impact of such residues, in particular the high
content of lipids, on soil biochem. and microbiol. properties. For this aim, a defatted (D) and the correspondent non-
9
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 defatted (ND) MBM were added at two rates (200 and 400 kg N ha-1) to two different moist soils and incubated at 15
and 20 C for 14 d. MBM mineralization dynamics was studied by measuring CO2 evolution. Water extractable org.
C, K2SO4-extractable NO-3 and NH+4, microbial biomass ninhydrin-reactive N, enzymic activities (FDA, urease,
protease, alk. phosphatase) and microbial compn. (aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, fungi) were measured 2 and 14 d
after MBM addn. to the soil. The rate of CO2 evolution showed a max. 2-3 d after the addn. of MBM, followed by a
decrease approaching the control. MBM mineralization was fast with, on av., 54% of total CO2 evolved in the first 4 d
of incubation at 20 C. The percentage of added C which was evolved as CO2 at the end of the incubation period
ranged between 8% and 16% and was affected by temp., soil type and MBM treatment (ND > D). Soil amendment with
MBM caused a noteworthy increase in both extractable NH+4 and NO-3 (about 50% of added N) which was higher for
ND. The addn. of MBM also enhanced microbial content and activity. Microbial biomass increased as a function of
the rate of application and was higher for ND with respect to D. The increase in nos. of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria
and fungi caused by MBM addn. was, in general, more pronounced with ND.
Enzymic activity in amended soils showed an enhancement in nutrient availability and element cycling. At the rate of
application of present work, lipids did not cause adverse effects on soil microorganisms. The potential of MBM as
effective org. fertilizer was supported by the large increase in available N and the enhancement of the size and activity
of soil microorganisms.
Bibliographic Information
Improving yield of vegetables by using soilless micro-garden technologies in peri-urban area of north-east
Brazil.
Gianquinto, G.; Orsini, F.; Michelon, N.; da Silva, D. F.; de Faria, F. D. Department of Environmental
Agronomy and Crop Science, University of Padova, Italy. Acta Horticulturae (2007), 747(Proceedings of the VIIIth
International Symposium on Protected Cultivation in Mild Winter Climates, 2006), 57-65. Publisher: International
Society for Horticultural Science, CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal written in English.
CAN
148:494936 AN 2007:1180465 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In peri-urban areas, soils are not suitable for crop prodn. The adoption of soilless garden should allow to overtake this
constrain. To assure soilless systems' sustainability at stakeholder level, all materials have to be inexpensive and easy
to find locally, and garden management must be simple. This work reports some results attained in expts. carried out in
Teresina (Brazil). Tomato and okra plants were tested for their adaptability to two soilless systems and two nutrient
solns. Biometric measurements and phenol. stages were scheduled. At harvest, fruits were counted and weighed to
asses yield. Nutrient soln. consumption has been measured throughout the growing period. Both tomato and okra
showed interesting yield. Tomato is not grown on soil elsewhere in the nearby region, due to both limiting
environmental conditions and diseases. In the condition tomato produced from 1.0 to 3.1 kg m-2 depending on soilless
system and nutrient soln. Period from sowing to first harvest was particularly short in soilless grown okra, and yield
varied with treatments (from 1.7 to 2.5 kg m-2). The systems appeared to be economically sustainable.
Bibliographic Information
Thyroid hormones in small ruminants: effects of endogenous, environmental and nutritional factors.
Todini,
L. Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali - Sezione di Produzioni Animali, Universita di Camerino, Matelica, Italy.
Animal (2007), 1(7), 997-1008. Publisher: Cambridge University Press, CODEN: ANIMF4 ISSN: 1751-7311.
Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 147:515156 AN 2007:1159621 CAPLUS (Copyright (C)
2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Appropriate thyroid gland function and thyroid hormone activity are considered crucial to sustain the
productive performance in domestic animals (growth, milk or hair fiber prodn.). Changes of blood thyroid hormone
concns. are an indirect measure of the changes in thyroid gland activity and circulating thyroid hormones can be
considered as indicators of the metabolic and nutritional status of the animals. Thyroid hormones play a pivotal role in
the mechanisms permitting the animals to live and breed in the surrounding environment. Variations in hormone
bioactivity allow the animals to adapt their metabolic balance to different environmental conditions, changes in nutrient
10
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 requirements and availability, and to homeorhetic changes during different physiol. stages. This is particularly
important in the free-ranging and grazing animals, such as traditionally reared small ruminants, whose main physiol.
functions (feed intake, reprodn., hair growth) are markedly seasonal. Many investigations dealt with the involvement of
thyroid hormones in the expression of endogenous seasonal rhythms, such as reprodn. and hair growth cycles in fiberproducing (wool, mohair, cashmere) sheep and goats. Important knowledge about the pattern of thyroid hormone
metab. and their role in ontogenetic development has been obtained from studies in the ovine fetus and in the newborn.
Many endogenous (breed, age, gender, physiol. state) and environmental factors (climate, season, with a primary role of
nutrition) are able to affect thyroid activity and hormone concns. in blood, acting at the level of hypothalamus, pituitary
and/or thyroid gland, as well as on peripheral monodeiodination. Knowledge on such topics mirror physiol. changes
and possibly allows the monitoring and manipulation of thyroid physiol., in order to improve animal health, welfare and
prodn.
Bibliographic Information
Chemo-biological suppression of root-infecting zoosporic pathogens in recirculating hydroponic systems.
Pagliaccia, D.; Ferrin, D.; Stanghellini, M. E. Department of Plant Production, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy.
Plant and Soil (2007), 299(1-2), 163-179. Publisher: Springer, CODEN: PLSOA2 ISSN: 0032-079X. Journal
written in English. AN 2007:1119194 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Zoosporic root-infecting pathogens are the most destructive organisms in enclosed environment agricultural systems
which recycle irrigation water. Numerous strategies have been proposed for reducing or eliminating these pathogens
from recycled irrigation water. These strategies include the following: filtration, sedimentation, chlorination, ozonation,
heat, UV light, application of antimicrobial chems., suppressive potting substrates, and biol. control agents. The latter
strategy has been the focus of numerous investigations but consistency in performance in disease abatement following
their application has not been realized. This has been attributed, in part, to the inability of these potential biocontrol
bacteria to maintain a crit. threshold population necessary for sustained biocontrol activity. That threshold population
has been estd. at not less than 106 CFU g-1 of soil or root. Recently, we demonstrated that amending recycled
irrigation water with specific carbon substrates (i.e., N-Serve or Truban) resulted in the selective enhancement of the
indigenous fluorescent pseudomonad populations to levels at or above the presumed threshold levels necessary for
disease control. In our current study, we verified the ubiquity of that response in different cultural systems involving
two different host plants (i.e., cucumber and pepper) and, most significantly, we document, for the first time, significant
and sustained disease abatement. Addnl., we demonstrated that nitrapyrin, the active ingredients in N-Serve and
Truban, exerted direct antifungal activity whereas the inert ingredients had an indirect role in disease suppression.
Specifically, the inert ingredients were responsible for the increase in the fluorescent pseudomonad population.
Amending the recirculating nutrient soln. with a representative fluorescent pseudomonad isolate verified and
substantiated their role in disease control.
Cumulatively, our results support the hypothesis that it is possible to modify the environment to make it more
conducive to the multiplication and survival of indigenous biocontrol bacteria. The resident microflora in many, if not
most, habitats already contain prospective biol. control members who, if enhanced, could function as antagonists to
other microorganisms in the same habitat.
Bibliographic Information
Elemental enteral nutrition preserves the mucosal barrier and improves the trophism of the villi after small
bowel transplantation in piglets.
Zonta, S.; Doni, M.; Alessiani, M.; Lovisetto, F.; Vigano, J.; Mazzilli, M.;
Dominioni, T.; Podetta, M.; De Martino, M.; Scaglione, M.; Vicini, E.; Bottazzi, A.; Villa, C.; Morbini, P.; Dionigi, P.
Department of Surgery, University of Pavia School of Medicine and Fondazione I.R.C.C.S. Policlinico San Matteo
Hospital, Pavia, Italy. Transplantation Proceedings (2007), 39(6), 2024-2027. Publisher: Elsevier Inc., CODEN:
TRPPA8 ISSN: 0041-1345. Journal written in English.
CAN 147:540914
AN 2007:894023
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
11
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 The main goals for a successful small bowel transplantation (SBTx) are the control of acute rejection and maintenance
of the mucosal barrier, which plays a key role in preventing bacterial translocation and preserving absorptive capacity.
According to recent evidence that sustaining enteral nutrition (EN) as rehabilitative therapy improves the integrity of
the mucosal barrier after SBTx, we studied the trophic effect of a new elemental enteral soln. whose proteinic supply is
represented by oligomeric-aminoacidic chains. In a swine SBTx model we studied three groups, divided by the
different postoperative feeding: group 1 (n = 5): std. swine chow, group 2 (n = 5): polymeric enteral soln., group 3 (n =
5): elemental enteral soln. (Peptamen, Nestle Corp). All animals were immunosuppressed with a tacrolimus/FK778
combined oral therapy. The nutritional indexes evaluated were: body wt., episodes of diarrhea, D-xylose absorption
test, and histopatol. and villi morphometric anal. Three pigs died before the end of the study, two in group 1
(pneumonia and sepsis), one in group 2 (pneumonia). Mean days of diarrhea were 15, 10, and 3 in groups 1, 2, and 3,
resp. (P < .05). The final/starting wt. ratio was 1.08 for group 3 and 0.92 for group 2 (P < .05); the D-xylose curves
showed a statistically significant difference for group 3 vs. the groups 2 and 1 (P < .05), as well as for the villi height (P
< .01) and width (P < .05). In conclusion, elemental enteral soln., with its basic protein supply, does not require a very
complex enzymic system to be metabolized. Thus, it may contribute to a faster recovery of the mucosal barrier and to
limit the hypercatabolic state.
Bibliographic Information
Oxygen and ammonium dynamics during a farming cycle of the bivalve Tapes philippinarum.
Nizzoli,
Daniele; Bartoli, Marco; Viaroli, Pierluigi. Department of Environmental Sciences, Parma University, Parma, Italy.
Hydrobiologia (2007), 587 25-36. Publisher: Springer, CODEN: HYDRB8 ISSN: 0018-8158. Journal written in
English. AN 2007:674345 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Fluxes of dissolved oxygen and ammonium across the water sediment interface were measured in a control and in an
exptl. area farmed with the clam Tapes philippinarum. Young clams were seeded in March 2003 at mean (.apprx.500
ind m-2) and high (.apprx.1500 ind m-2) densities in a sandy area (2100 m2) of the Sacca di Goro Lagoon, Italy.
Approx. every two months, until Oct. 2003, intact sediment cores were collected and incubated in the light and in the
dark and surface sediments (0-2 cm) were analyzed for org. matter and nitrogen content. Clams farming induced
pronounced changes in sediment characteristics and metab. Oxygen consumption and ammonium prodn. at the high d.
area were, on av., 3 to 4 and 1.9 to 4.9 folds higher than those measured in the control field resp.; rates were pos.
correlated with clams biomass. Exptl. fields resulted "Net and Total Heterotrophyc" in 3 out of 4 sampling dates and
clams were the major factor shifting the benthic system towards this status. In only one occasion the appearance of the
macroalgae Ulva spp. pushed the system rapidly towards hyperautotrophic conditions. Our results indicated that clams
have the potential to drive benthic metab. in farmed areas and to sustain macroalgal growth through regeneration of a
limiting nutrient for seawater as inorg. N.
Bibliographic Information
Sensitivity of a coupled physical-biological model to turbulence: high-frequency simulations in a northern
Adriatic station.
Carniel, Sandro; Vichi, Marcello; Sclavo, Mauro.
Venice Section, Institute of Marine
Sciences(CNR-ISMAR), Venice, Italy.
Chemistry and Ecology (2007), 23(2), 157-175. Publisher: Taylor &
Francis Ltd., CODEN: CHECDY ISSN: 0275-7540. Journal written in English.
CAN 147:490958
AN
2007:657419 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This paper investigates the impacts of different turbulence models on the biol. state at an ocean station in the northern
Adriatic sea, named S3, comparing them with other uncertainties inherent to coupled phys.-biol. simulations. The
numerical tool is a 1-D model resulting from the coupling of two advanced numerical models. The hydrodynamic part
is modeled using the General Ocean Turbulence Model (www.gotm.net), in a version adopting state-of-the-art secondmoment Turbulence Closure Models (TCMs). Marine biogeochem. is parameterized with the Biogeochem. Flux Model
(http://www.bo.ingv.it/bfm), which is a direct descendant of ERSEM (European Regional Sea Ecosystem Model).
Results, obtained by forcing the model with hourly wind and solar radiation data and assimilating salinity casts, are
12
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 compared against monthly observations made at the station during 2000-2001. Provided mat modern second-moment
TCMs are employed, the comparisons indicate that both the phys. and the biol. dynamics are relatively insensitive to the
choice of the particular scheme adopted, suggesting that TCMs have finally 'converged' in recent years. As a further
example, the choice of the nutrient boundary conditions has an impact on the system evolution that is more significant
than the choice of the specific TCM, therefore representing a possible limitation of the 1-D model applied to stations
located in a Region of Freshwater Influence. The 1-D model simulates the onset and intensity of the spring-summer
bloom quite well, although the duration of the bloom is not as prolonged as in the data. Since local dynamics appears
unable to sustain the bloom conditions well into summer, phytoplankton at the station was most likely influenced by
river input or advection processes, an aspect that was not found when the S3 behavior was adequately modeled using
climatol. forcings. When the focus is in predicting high-frequency dynamics, it is more likely that lateral advection
cannot be neglected. While the phys. state can be satisfactorily estd.
at these short time scales, the accurate estn. of the biol. state in coastal regions still appears as rather elusive.
Bibliographic Information
Nitrogen balances at the crop and farm-gate scale in livestock farms in Italy.
Bassanino, Monica; Grignani,
Carlo; Sacco, Dario; Allisiardi, Erica. Department of Agronomy, Forest and Land Management, University of Turin,
Grugliasco, Italy. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2007), 122(3), 282-294. Publisher: Elsevier B.V.,
CODEN: AEENDO ISSN: 0167-8809. Journal written in English. CAN 148:238329 AN 2007:656242 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Nutrient balances are often used to represent nutrient flows and to produce sustainability indicators. A soil surface
nutrient budget (at the crop scale) and a farm-gate budget (at the farm scale) were calcd. over 41 com. Italian livestock
farms. The objectives were to est. the N use efficiency of the main farm types using the two balances independently,
and to assess and discuss the relationship between the two different budget methods. The N surpluses calcd. as a farmgate balance (FGBS) or at the soil surface scale (CBS) ranked livestock farms in a similar manner. The suckling cow
farms (SC) showed the best sustainability, BB (beef breeding) and DC (dairy cow) farms were intermediate, while PB
(pig breeding) farms were the worst due to their weaker link between breeding activities and farm crops. The CBS was
mainly influenced by the manure input, while the FGBS was mainly influenced by the purchased animal feeding in the
PB, BB and DC farms, and by the mineral fertilizer in the SC farms. Other information can be derived from a
combination of the N flow quantified in the farm-gate balance and the crop balance; two examples are given concerning
an estn. of gaseous losses and of animal N excreta for the different animal categories. Thus, even though N balances
cannot be directly used to est. the actual environmental impact of different farming systems, they remain reliable
indicators to help discriminate between different farm types.
Bibliographic Information
Soil microbial dynamics and genetic diversity in soil under monoculture wheat grown in different long-term
management systems.
Crecchio, Carmine; Curci, Maddalena; Pellegrino, Antonella; Ricciuti, Patrizia; Tursi,
Nunzia; Ruggiero, Pacifico. Dipartimento di Biologia e Chimica Agroforestale ed Ambientale, Universita di Bari,
Bari, Italy. Soil Biology & Biochemistry (2007), 39(6), 1391-1400. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: SBIOAH
ISSN: 0038-0717. Journal written in English. CAN 147:30350 AN 2007:341113 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Org. matter incorporation into soil can increase nutrient availability to plants but it can affect soil microbial
communities. These in turn influence soil fertility and plant growth. Soil biochem. and microbiol. properties are
indicators of soil quality, but there is still no consensus as to how these should be used. Recent developments in mol.
biol. have provided new tools to obtain a view of the whole microbial community. The long-term impact of crop
residue management on the microbial biomass, and on the activity and community structure of soil bacteria was
evaluated in a clay soil of Southern Italy, where a monoculture of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) was grown in
semiarid conditions, and burning or incorporation of post harvest plant residues were typical practices. The role of N-
13
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 mineral fertilization, simultaneously with the ploughing in of crop residues and during the plant growth cycle was also
investigated. Total bacterial counts of viable cells, biomass C, ATP content of soil microorganisms, genetic
fingerprinting of the total eubacterial community and of ammonia oxidizers were evaluated. Burning and incorporation
did not affect microbial biomass C, ATP content, and total bacterial counts of viable cells although statistically relevant
changes were detected among rhizosphere and bulk soil samples regardless of the crop residue management used. Mol.
fingerprinting confirmed that: no significant change in the compn. and diversity of total bacteria, as well as of ammonia
oxidizers was induced by the crop residue managements; that soil bacteria were more sensitive to N fertilizer
application during the plant growth cycle; and that rhizosphere soil samples were significantly different from those of
the bulk soil. As microbiol. and genetic factors related to soil fertility were not affected significantly, the long-term
incorporation of crop residues, under the field conditions investigated, is a sustainable practice to manage post-harvest
residues.
Bibliographic Information
Water and nitrogen use efficiency, dry matter accumulation and nitrogen uptake in fertigated processing
tomato.
Battilani, A. Consorzio di Bonifica di secondo grado per il Canale Emiliano Romagnolo, Bologna, Italy.
Acta Horticulturae (2006), 724(Proceedings of the IXth International Symposium on the Processing Tomato, 2004),
67-74. Publisher: International Society for Horticultural Science, CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal
written in English. CAN 147:300329 AN 2007:190485 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A three year field expt. was carried out in Northern Italy (Po Valley) to assess the water and nitrogen use efficiencies
(WUE & NUE) of two fertigation strategies (static and dynamic) in comparison with Non-Irrigated/Non-Fertilised and
Irrigated/Non-Fertilised controls, and to define the better strategy to be applied for environmental and economical
purposes in a sub-humid area on fertile soils. Dry matter accumulation and nitrogen uptake curves were calcd. to
compare treatments and to verify the effectiveness and applicability of the WUE and NUE enhancement. Economical
WUE and NUE values were also calcd. considering the gross margin in order to evaluate the economic selfsustainability of the proposed fertigation strategies. Fertigation efficiency and crop profitability were enhanced and
non-point pollution risks reduced by applying "dynamic" fertilization principles on a daily basis. Managing the crop
using dynamic criteria reduces plant nitrogen uptake and produces more fruit dry matter per g of nitrogen.
Bibliographic Information
Effects of long-term land use on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and glomalin-related soil protein.
Bedini,
Stefano; Avio, Luciano; Argese, Emanuele; Giovannetti, Manuela.
Dipartimento di Biologia delle Piante Agrarie,
Universita di Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2007), 120(2-4), 463-466. Publisher:
Elsevier B.V., CODEN: AEENDO ISSN: 0167-8809. Journal written in English.
CAN 147:385168
AN
2007:164074 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The maintenance of soil health and productivity is a central aim of sustainable agriculture. Arbuscular mycorrhizal
fungi (AMF) are soil biota fundamental for soil fertility and plant nutrition, which may be used in the evaluation of the
impact of agronomic practices on soil quality. In the present study we evaluated the influence of three different land
uses on AMF populations and correlated glomalin-related soil protein (GRSP) content with AMF biomass parameters,
such as spore d. and biovolume. Among the differently managed sites - maize monoculture, grassland and poplar grove
- maize soil showed the lowest AMF spore no. and GRSP content. The same morphol. taxa were found in the three
sites, except for one addnl. morphotype in poplar grove. A good correlation between GRSP and spore biovolume was
found, suggesting that GRSP may represent a useful biochem. parameter for the assessment of biol. soil fertility in
sustainable agriculture.
Bibliographic Information
Modelling soil organic carbon dynamics in two long-term experiments of north-eastern Italy.
14
Lugato, E.;
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Paustian, K.; Giardini, L.
Dipartimento di Agronomia Ambientale e Produzioni Vegetali, Universita di Padova,
Legnaro, Italy.
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2007), 120(2-4), 423-432. Publisher: Elsevier B.V.,
CODEN: AEENDO ISSN: 0167-8809. Journal written in English. CAN 147:385190 AN 2007:164071 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Simulation models are widely used to assess the impacts of management and environmental variables on soil org.
matter dynamics, to address questions on ecosystem sustainability and carbon cycling under global change. We tested
the Century ecosystem model for two long-term expts. in north-eastern Italy: one (SF) comparing nutrient management
treatments in small confined plots contg. widely contrasting soil types (i.e., sandy, clay and peat) and the other (CR)
involving a field study with crop rotation, nutrient, and management intensity variables. The org. matter changes in the
SF expt., showed a strong, linear relationship with C inputs from crop residues and added manures in the sand and clay
soils, which was closely mimicked by the model. There was a net loss of soil C for all treatments in the peat soil, but
the rate and overall magnitude of C losses were accurately simulated by the model, which suggested that treatment
effects on soil C inputs was the major determinant of SOC dynamics in all three soils. In the CR expt. the model
reasonably simulated the large initial decline (averaging about 30% of initial levels) in SOC obsd. in all treatments, as
well as mean treatment effects over the course of the expt. The model predicted a general pattern of higher SOC in the
high management intensity, high fertility treatment combinations and lower SOC in the low management intensity, low
fertility treatments; however, obsd. soil C did not show a clear pattern related to the treatments. Simulated soil C
contents were linearly related to C input levels in the different treatments while there was no significant relationship
between measured soil C and C inputs based on obsd. data.
Bibliographic Information
Effect of recycling wood ash on microbiological and biochemical properties of soils.
Perucci, Piero; Monaci,
Elga; Casucci, Cristiano; Vischetti, Costantino.
Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali e delle Produzioni Vegetali,
Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy. Agronomy for Sustainable Development (2006), 26(3), 157165. Publisher: EDP Sciences, CODEN: ASDGAP ISSN: 1774-0746. Journal written in English.
CAN
147:234121 AN 2007:63985 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Wood ash prodn. is increasing due to the increasing use of wood as a sustainable fuel. Wood ash can be recycled in
crop soils as a source of nutrients and as a liming agent to correct soil acidity. However, the effect of wood ash on soil
quality is poorly known. Here, the authors studied the effect of addn. of wood ash at 5 and 20 t ha-1 on microbial and
biochem. properties in samples from the 0-30 cm surface of three neutral and two alk. agricultural soils. The samples
were incubated for one year at 25 and 60% water-holding capacity. The soil microbiol. biomass (microbial biomass C
and N), general microbial activity using fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis, and alk. phosphatase, arylsulfatase, catalase
and o-diphenol oxidase activities were detd. periodically together with pH and elec. cond. Increases in microbial
biomass C and fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis occurred at the lower wood-ash dose, whereas microbial biomass C
decreased at the higher wood-ash dose over the entire period, and the fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis after 4 mo. The
microbial C/N ratios of treated samples were significantly different with respect to that of the control, suggesting
changes in the structure of the microbial communities. The changes in microbial biomass and microbial activity were
related to the increases in pH, which induced the development of bacteria to the detriment of fungi, to the elec. cond.,
and to the nutrient levels after wood-ash addn. Alk. phosphatase and arylsulfatase activities were weakly inhibited at 20
t ha-1, and catalase activity was stimulated in the neutral samples and inhibited in the alk. samples. The highest odiphenol oxidase activity obsd. throughout in all of the treated samples may suggest a decrease in the mineralization
process. The findings reveal that the soil biochem. parameters investigated are significantly affected only in some cases
at 20 t ha-1. It is suggested that a treatment exceeding 5 t ha-1 not be recommended until the agrochem. and phys.
functions of the soil are further studied.
Bibliographic Information
The effect of hot season and nutrition on the oxidative status and metabolic profile in dairy goats during mid
15
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 lactation.
Di Trana, A.; Celi, P.; Claps, S.; Fedele, V.; Rubino, R. Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni
Animali, Universita degli Studi della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy.
Animal Science (2006), 82(5), 717-722.
Publisher: CABI Publishing, CODEN: ANSCFO ISSN: 1357-7298. Journal written in English. CAN 146:141779
AN 2007:11716 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the hot season and nutrition on the oxidative status and metabolic
profile of lactating goats during mid lactation. Twenty-four Red Syrian goats were allocated into three groups that were
offered the following diets: natural pasture (P), pasture + 500 g/h per day of conc. (PC) and hay plus 500 g/h per day of
conc. (HC). Blood samples were taken in spring (85 7 days in milk (DIM)) and summer (120 7 DIM) and assayed
for reactive oxygen metabolites (ROMs), -tocopherol, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, non-esterified fatty acids,
total protein, albumin and globulin concns. and glutathione peroxidase (GHS-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)
activities. Milk yield and milk compn. were also measured. SOD, GSH-Px and ROMs levels increased during summer
when temp. humidity index values were high. The increase in ROMs in the PC and HC groups could be ascribed to the
improved nutritional regime and to their higher prodn. level. The markers of the oxidative status and of the metabolic
profile measured in this study indicate that goats may have experienced moderate oxidative stress. It seems that,
seasonal rather than nutritional factors have a more pronounced effect on oxidative status markers. Conc.
supplementation sustained milk yield and may represent a useful means to extend the lactation period in dairy goats
during late spring and summer.
Bibliographic Information
The nutritional control of ghrelin secretion in humans: the effects of enteral vs. parenteral nutrition.
Prodam,
Flavia; Me, Elisa; Riganti, Fabrizio; Gramaglia, Elena; Bellone, Simonetta; Baldelli, Roberto; Rapa, Anna; van der
Lely, Aart Jan; Bona, Gianni; Ghigo, Ezio; Broglio, Fabio.
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Dept. of
Internal Medicine, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
European Journal of Nutrition (2006), 45(7), 399-405.
Publisher: Steinkopff Verlag, CODEN: EJNUFZ ISSN: 1436-6207. Journal written in English. CAN 146:99823
AN 2006:1341006 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Background: The nutritional control of ghrelin has not been fully clarified yet. Particularly, the influence of amino
acids and lipids is controversial and, moreover, whether the intra-luminal gastric contact with nutrients is required or if
the modulatory action of nutrients on ghrelin secretion is mediated by insulin is still matter of debate. Aim of the study:
To clarify the role of nutrients in the control of ghrelin secretion evaluating the effects of i.v. and oral lipids and amino
acids compared with glucose and fructose load in healthy subjects. Methods: A total of 6 healthy overnight-fasted
volunteers underwent the following testing sessions: (a) iv arginine (ARG, 0.5 g/kg); (b) oral protein load (PRO, 50 g);
(c) iv lipid-heparin infusion (Li He, Intralipid 10% 250 mL); (d) oral fat load (OIL, soy oil 40 g); (e) oral glucose load
(OGL, 100 g); (f) oral fructose load (OFL, 100 g); (g) iv saline (SAL, 3 mL); (h) oral water load (WL, 200 mL). Total
ghrelin, insulin, and glucose were assayed every 15 min from 0 up to +180 min. Results: WL and SAL did not modify
insulin, glucose and ghrelin. ARG induced a prompt but transient increase (P < 0.05) of insulin and glucose (P < 0.01),
without modifying ghrelin secretion. PRO induced a mild but sustained increase of insulin secretion (P < 0.05) without
affecting glucose and ghrelin. Li-He progressively increased circulating glucose (P < 0.01) without modifying insulin
and ghrelin secretion. No significant variations in circulating glucose, insulin, and ghrelin occurred after OIL. OGL
significantly (P < 0.01) increased insulin and glucose levels and progressively decreased (P < 0.05) ghrelin levels. OFL
induced a mild (P < 0.05) increase of insulin without modifying glucose levels. Similarly, OFL was followed by a
milder decrease (P < 0.05) of ghrelin levels.
Conclusions: Differently from carbohydrates and independently from their modulatory effect on insulin secretion and
glucose levels, both lipids and amino acids play a negligible role in the acute control of ghrelin secretion either after
acute enteral and parenteral administration.
Bibliographic Information
Use of biostimulants for reducing nutrient solution concentration in floating system.
16
Vernieri, P.; Borghesi, E.;
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Tognoni, F.; Ferrante, A.; Serra, G.; Piaggesi, A. Dipartimento di Biologia delle Piante Agrarie, University of Pisa,
Italy.
Acta Horticulturae (2006), 718(Proceedings of the International Symposium on Models for Plant Growth,
Environmental Control and Farm Management in Protected Cultivation, 2006), 477-484. Publisher: International
Society for Horticultural Science, CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal written in English.
CAN
147:300306 AN 2006:1339848 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The prodn. innovations have been evolving more and more towards org., sustainable or environmental friendly systems.
Contemporarily, the yield and the quality of crops must be assured. The redn. of fertilizers may be obtained by
improving the nutrients uptake or their utilization by the plants. The aim of our work was to verify if the progressive
redn. of nutrient soln. concn. in the floating system can be compensated by applications of a biostimulant (Actiwave,
Valagro S.p.a.) without compromising the yield and the quality of vegetables. The expts. were performed on rocket
(Eruca sativa Mill.) grown in floating system with std. nutrient soln. (NS100%), which was compared with nutrient
solns. dild. 4 (NS25%) or 10-fold (NS10%) with or without 0.3 mL L-1 Actiwave. At harvest, yield, leaf area, root dry
wt., chlorophyll, carotenoids, and leaf nitrate content were detd. Results showed that Actiwave significantly increased
the nutrient uptake and nutrient use efficiency in all treatments. In fact, no statistically significant differences were
found in yield between NS100% and NS25% plus 0.3 mL mL-1 Actiwave. Moreover, Actiwave reduced the leaf nitrate
content and increased chlorophyll and carotenoids in all treatments. Our results indicate that Actiwave lowered the leaf
nitrate content through its ability in stimulating nutrient uptake and nitrogen metab. The combination of hydroponics
and biostimulants appears as a promising environmental friendly strategy for the greenhouse prodn. of high-quality
vegetables.
Bibliographic Information
Simplified models for the water relations of soilless cultures: what they do or suggest for sustainable water use
in intensive horticulture.
Pardossi, A.; Malorgio, F.; Incrocci, L.; Carmassi, G.; Maggini, R.; Massa, D.; Tognoni,
F. Dipartimento di Biologia delle Piante Agrarie, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Acta Horticulturae (2006),
718(Proceedings of the International Symposium on Models for Plant Growth, Environmental Control and Farm
Management in Protected Cultivation, 2006), 425-434. Publisher: International Society for Horticultural Science,
CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal written in English.
CAN 147:142493
AN 2006:1339842
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In intensive horticulture (including in this term both greenhouse cultivation and the outdoor prodn. of containerised
nursery stocks) there is an increasing application of closed-loop (no-drain) soilless cultures, in consideration of their
pos. environmental implications. In these systems, water use efficiency may depend on how the mineral supply is
controlled. Crop modeling and the use of recently-marketed devices (like chemo-sensors) are promising tools for the
development of a sort of 'on-demand' fertigation strategy. The management of closed systems is much more
complicated when saline water is available to the growers, since the progressive accumulation of ions (such as Na and
Cl) that are scarcely taken up by the plants, makes it necessary to discharge, more or less frequently, the recycling
nutrient soln., with consequent loss of water and fertilizers. Simplified models were developed for the water relations
of soilless culture and what these models , in terms of strategical, tactical or operational implementations, are suggested
for a sustainable use of hydric resources, particularly in cultivations conducted under saline conditions. The anal. of the
effect of salinity on crop productivity suggests that the most valuable strategy is likely the improvement of water
quality, by means of desalinizsation or the use of rainwater. Nevertheless, on species with moderate tolerance to
salinity, like tomato, the application of some particular procedures for the control of nutrient supply may have pos.
results in terms of both crop sustainability.
Bibliographic Information
Identification of the first archaeal oligopeptide-binding protein from the hyperthermophile Aeropyrum pernix.
Palmieri, Gianna; Casbarra, Annarita; Fiume, Immacolata; Catara, Giuliana; Capasso, Antonio; Marino, Gennaro;
Onesti, Silvia; Rossi, Mose. IBP-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Naples, Italy. Extremophiles (2006), 10(5),
17
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 393-402. Publisher: Springer Tokyo, CODEN: EXTRFI ISSN: 1431-0651. Journal written in English.
147:67302 AN 2006:1060764 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
CAN
Abstract
The archaeon Aeropyrum pernix grows optimally at 90 C and derives energy primarily from aerobic degrdn. of
complex proteinaceous substrates. The ability of these nutrients to sustain growth is generally assocd. with the presence
of oligopeptide transport systems, such as the well-known protein-dependent ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters.
This study is concerned with the isolation and characterization of the first archaeal oligopeptide-binding protein
(OppAAp) from the extracellular medium of A. pernix. The protein shows a pI of 3.9 and a mol. mass of about 90 kDa
under native conditions. By using a proteomic approach, the OppAAp-encoding gene was identified (APE1583) and
about 55% of the protein amino-acid sequence was validated. The extracellular purified protein was able to efficiently
bind oligopeptide substrates such as Xenopsin. The amt. of a liganded peptide to OppAAp was about 70% at 90 C
using a 1/100 (wt./wt.) OppAAp/substrate ratio. Sequence comparisons showed a weak but significant similarity of
OppAAp with bacterial oligopeptide binding proteins. Furthermore, APE1583 neighboring genes encode for the
cognate components of an ABC transport system, suggesting that these ORFs are organized in an operon-like structure,
with OppAAp as the extracellular component for the uptake of oligopeptides.
Bibliographic Information
Hepatocyte growth factor installs a survival platform for colorectal cancer cell invasive growth and overcomes
p38 MAPK-mediated apoptosis.
Fassetta, Michela; D'Alessandro, Lorenza; Coltella, Nadia; Di Renzo, Maria
Flavia; Rasola, Andrea. Division of Molecular Oncology, University of Torino Medical School, Candiolo, Italy.
Cellular Signalling (2006), 18(11), 1967-1976. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: CESIEY ISSN: 0898-6568.
Journal written in English.
CAN 146:313829
AN 2006:1050794
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induces invasive growth, a biol. program that confers tumor cells the capability to
invade and metastasize by integrating cell proliferation, motility, morphogenesis, and survival. We here demonstrate
that HGFR activation promotes survival of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cells exposed to conditions that mimic those
met during tumor progression, i.e. nutrient deprivation or substrate detachment, and following chemotherapeutic
treatment. In all these conditions, a sustained activation of p38 MAPK delivers a main death signal that is overcome by
cell treatment with HGF. HGF-driven survival requires the engagement of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K and ERK
MAPK transduction pathways. Abrogation of p38 MAPK activity prevents CRC cell apoptosis also when these
transduction pathways are inhibited, and treatment with HGF further increases survival. Engagement of these signaling
cascades is also needed for HGF to induce CRC cell scattering, morphogenesis, motility and invasion. Activation of
p38 MAPK signaling is therefore a main apoptotic switch for CRC cells in the stressful conditions encountered during
tumor progression. Conversely, HGF orchestrates several biochem. pathways, which allow cell survival in these same
conditions and promote the biol. responses required for tumor invasive growth. Both p38 MAPK and HGF/HGFR
signaling constitute potential mol. targets for inhibiting colorectal carcinogenesis.
Bibliographic Information
Antimyopathic effects of carnitine and nicotine.
Laviano, Alessandro; Meguid, Michael M.; Guijarro, Ana;
Muscaritoli, Maurizio; Cascino, Antonia; Preziosa, Isabella; Molfino, Alessio; Fanelli, Filippo Rossi. Department of
Clinical Medicine, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
(2006), 9(4), 442-448. Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, CODEN: COCMF3 ISSN: 1363-1950. Journal;
General Review written in English. CAN 146:175733 AN 2006:822236 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The clin. course of most chronic diseases is assocd. with declined energy intake and nutrient-resistant
18
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 progressive myopathy, characterized by accelerated proteolysis and impaired function. This anorexia/cachexia
syndrome leads to deterioration of quality of life, and increased morbidity and mortality. The clin. efficacy of currently
available therapeutic strategies is limited and more effective treatments are needed. Recent findings Chronic systemic
inflammation, triggered and sustained by cytokines, and increased oxidative stress contribute to the pathogenesis of the
anorexia/cachexia syndrome. Carnitine and nicotine have recently been tested as immunomodulating and antioxidant
agents. In particular, carnitine supplementation has been shown to reduce chronic inflammation and oxidative stress in
hemodialysis patients and, in cancer patients, yielding to reduced fatigue and improved outcome. Nicotine is able to
induce the anti-inflammatory activity of the vagus nerve. In animal models of sepsis and cancer, the nicotine-induced
supplementation resulted in better protection of nutritional status and improved survival. In the continuous effort to
develop more efficacious strategies against the anorexia/cachexia syndrome, carnitine and nicotine may represent a
further therapeutic tool. More clin. studies are needed, however, before their use can be routinely suggested.
Bibliographic Information
Short- and long-term therapeutic efficacy of nutritional therapy and corticosteroids in paediatric Crohn's
disease.
Canani, R. Berni; Terrin, G.; Borrelli, O.; Romano, M. T.; Manguso, F.; Coruzzo, A.; D'Armiento, F.;
Romeo, E. F.; Cucchiara, S. Department of Paediatrics, University of Naples 'Federico II', Naples, Italy. Digestive
and Liver Disease (2006), 38(6), 381-387. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: DLDIFK ISSN: 1590-8658. Journal
written in English. CAN 145:488503 AN 2006:640578 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Background: Comparative data on the therapeutic efficacy of different enteral nutrition formulas and corticosteroids to
obtain clin. remission and to induce mucosal healing influencing long-term disease course in pediatric Crohn's disease
are still scarce. Aims: To investigate the efficacy of nutritional therapy using three different formulas vs.
corticosteroids to achieve clin. remission as well as to induce intestinal mucosal healing in active Crohn's disease
children. Duration of remission and effect on growth recovery were also assessed. Patients and methods: Clin., lab.,
endoscopic and histol. data of all new diagnosed active Crohn's disease pediatric cases were retrospectively recorded
and reviewed. Thirty-seven children (median age 12.1 years) received nutritional therapy (12 polymeric; 13 semielemental; 12 elemental diet) and 10 subjects (median age 12.4 years) received corticosteroids. Results: Similar clin.
remission rate were obsd. after 8 wk of treatment: 86.5% children receiving nutritional therapy vs. 90% treated with
corticosteroids. Improvement in mucosal inflammation occurred in 26 out of 37 (64.8%) patients on nutritional therapy
and in 4 out of 10 (40%) children on steroids (p<0.05). Finally, seven subjects on nutritional therapy and none on
corticosteroids achieved comolete mucosal healing (p<0.005) at the end of the treatment. Nutritional therapy was more
effective than corticosteroids in improving nutritional status and linear growth recovery. Compared to corticosteroids,
the duration of clin. remission was longer in the nutritional therapy groups without differences among the three different
formulas. Conclusions: In children with active Crohn's disease, nutritional therapy is more effective than
corticosteroids to improve intestinal inflammation and to maintain a more sustained clin. remission.
Bibliographic Information
Metal accumulation in poplar plant grown with industrial wastes.
Giachetti, Giorgio; Sebastiani, Luca. Polo
S. Anna Valdera, Scuola Superiore S. Anna di Studi Universitari e Perfezionamento-BioLabs, Pontedera, Italy.
Chemosphere (2006), 64(3), 446-454. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: CMSHAF ISSN: 0045-6535. Journal
written in English. CAN 145:248490 AN 2006:542996 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The effects of different levels of industrial wastes on growth traits and metal accumulation in aerial portions were detd.
for Populus euramericana clone I-214. The expt. started in Apr. 2003. Scions of Populus euramericana clone I214, were grown outdoor near Pisa (Italy), in lysimeters filled with soil naturally present in the land around the exptl.
site, were daily drip irrigated, hand weeded, monthly fertilized, pruned for a unique shoot and cultivated with four
increasing treatments: soil non-amended, soil amended with 4.8 kg m-2, with 9.6 kg m-2 and with 19.2 kg m-2 of fresh
tannery waste. The climatic parameters were daily recorded throughout the whole expt. Growth relieves were
performed during the growing season. After six months since the plantation of the scions, aerial portions of every plant
19
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 were harvested for biomass and metal content analyses. Data demonstrated that the waste exerted beneficial effects on
poplars mainly through a general increase of growth traits and that the nutrients relocation is the mechanisms involved
in modulating growth rate. The concn. and the amt. of the mineral elements analyzed (N, P, K, Na, Ca, Mg, S, B, Fe,
Mn, Cu, Zn, Cr) changed determinately among treatments, organs and position. Thus, phytoremediation strategies of
tannery wastes might be possible and sustainable for polar plantations in soil amended with non-hazardous levels of
industrial waste, which maintain total heavy metals concn. close to background values.
Bibliographic Information
Intensification of the aerobic bioremediation of an actual site soil historically contaminated by polychlorinated
biphenyls (PCBs) through bioaugmentation with a non acclimated, complex source of microorganisms.
Di
Toro, Sara; Zanaroli, Giulio; Fava, Fabio. DICASM, Faculty of Engineering, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of
Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
Microbial Cell Factories (2006), 5 No pp. given. Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.,
CODEN: MCFICT
ISSN: 1475-2859.
http://www.microbialcellfactories.com/content/pdf/1475-2859-5-11.pdf
Journal; Online Computer File written in English. CAN 144:494310 AN 2006:384183 CAPLUS (Copyright (C)
2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Background The biotreatability of actual-site polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated soils is often limited by
their poor content of autochthonous pollutant-degrading microorganisms. In such cases, inoculation might be the soln.
for a successful bioremediation. Some pure and mixed cultures of characterized PCB degrading bacteria have been
tested to this purpose. However, several failures have been recorded mostly due to the inability of inoculated microbes
to compete with autochthonous microflora and to face the toxicity and the scarcity of nutrients occurring in the
contaminated biotope. Complex microbial systems, such as compost or sludge, normally consisting of a large variety of
robust microorganisms and essential nutrients, would have better chances to succeed in colonizing degraded
contaminated soils. However, such sources of microorganisms have been poorly applied in soil bioremediation and in
particular in the biotreatment of soil with PCBs. Thus, in this study the effects of Enzyveba, i.e. a consortium of nonadapted microorganisms developed from composted material, on the slurry- and solid-phase aerobic bioremediation of
an actual-site, aged PCB-contaminated soil were studied. Results A slow and only partial biodegrdn. of low-chlorinated
biphenyls, along with a moderate depletion of initial soil ecotoxicity, were obsd. in the not-inoculated reactors.
Enzyveba significantly increased the availability and the persistence of aerobic PCB- and chlorobenzoic acid-degrading
cultivable bacteria in the bioreactors, in particular during the earlier phase of treatment. It also markedly enhanced
PCB-biodegrdn. rate and extent (from 50 to 100%) as well as the final soil detoxification, in particular under slurryphase conditions. Taken together, data obtained suggest that Enzyveba enhanced the biotreatability of the selected soil
by providing exogenous bacteria and fungi able to remove inhibitory or toxic intermediates of PCB biodegrdn.
and/or exogenous nutrients able to sustain microorganisms in charge for PCB mineralization. Conclusions Enzyveba
appears a promising agent for bioaugmenting actual-site PCB-polluted soils with a native low content of indigenous
specialized microflora. This not only for its pos. effects on the soil biotreatability but also for its availability on the
market at a relatively low cost.
Bibliographic Information
Cannibalism of Live Lymphocytes by Human Metastatic but Not Primary Melanoma Cells.
Lugini, Luana;
Matarrese, Paola; Tinari, Antonella; Lozupone, Francesco; Federici, Cristina; Iessi, Elisabetta; Gentile, Massimo;
Luciani, Francesca; Parmiani, Giorgio; Rivoltini, Licia; Malorni, Walter; Fais, Stefano. Department of Drug Research
and Evaluation, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy. Cancer Research (2006), 66(7), 3629-3638. Publisher:
American Association for Cancer Research, CODEN: CNREA8 ISSN: 0008-5472. Journal written in English. AN
2006:307831 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The phenomenon of cell cannibalism, which generally refers to the engulfment of cells within other cells, was described
in malignant tumors, but its biol. significance is still largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the
occurrence, the in vivo relevance, and the underlying mechanisms of cannibalism in human melanoma. As first
20
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 evidence, we obsd. that tumor cannibalism was clearly detectable in vivo in metastatic lesions of melanoma and often
involved T cells, which could be found in a degraded state within tumor cells. Then, in vitro expts. confirmed that
cannibalism of T cells was a property of metastatic melanoma cells but not of primary melanoma cells. In particular,
morphol. analyses, including time-lapse cinematog. and electron microscopy, revealed a sequence of events, in which
metastatic melanoma cells were able to engulf and digest live autologous melanoma-specific CD8+ T cells.
Importantly, this cannibalistic activity significantly increased metastatic melanoma cell survival, particularly under
starvation condition, supporting the evidence that tumor cells may use the eating of live lymphocytes as a way to "feed"
in condition of low nutrient supply. The mechanism underlying cannibalism involved a complex framework, including
lysosomal protease cathepsin B activity, caveolae formation, and ezrin cytoskeleton integrity and function. In
conclusion, our study shows that human metastatic melanoma cells may eat live T cells, which are instead programmed
to kill them, suggesting a novel mechanism of tumor immune escape. Moreover, our data suggest that cannibalism may
represent a sort of "feeding" activity aimed at sustaining survival and progression of malignant tumor cells in an
unfavorable microenvironment.
Bibliographic Information
Development and assessment of an innovative soil-washing process based on the use of cholic acid-derivatives as
pollutant-mobilizing agents.
Berselli, Sara; Benitez, Emilio; Fedi, Stefano; Zannoni, Davide; Medici, Alessandro;
Marchetti, Leonardo; Fava, Fabio.
DICASM, Faculty of Engineering, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
Biotechnology and Bioengineering (2006), 93(4), 761-770. Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., CODEN: BIBIAU
ISSN: 0006-3592. Journal written in English. CAN 145:13497 AN 2006:226594 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Surfactant-aided soil washing is often proposed for the restoration of aged org. pollutant-contaminated soils. As many
of com. surfactants have been found to be toxic and recalcitrant, the opportunity to use in this process cheap, non-toxic,
and biodegradable pollutant-mobilizing agents, such as deoxycholic acid (DA), bovine bile (BB), and the residue
resulting from DA extn. from BB (BBR), was studied. A soil historically contaminated by chlorinated anilines and
benzenes, thiophenes, and several polycyclic arom. hydrocarbons was suspended at 15% wt./vol. and washed in water
or water amended at 1.0% (wt./vol.) with DA, BB, BBR, or Triton X-100 (TX). The resulting effluents were
supplemented with nutrients and subjected to aerobic bioremediation. The biogenic agents enhanced the water pollutant
elution potential by 230/440%. TX enhanced the same parameter by .apprx.540%; however, it mediated a lower
depletion of the initial soil ecotoxicity and a more extensive mobilization of soil constituents with respect to the
biogenic agents. TX adversely affected the biotreatability of resulting effluents, by adversely affecting the growth of
cultivable bacterial biomass and the structure of eubacterial community of the effluent. On the contrary, the biogenic
agents, and in particular DA and BB, enhanced the effluents bioremediation, by sustaining the growth and increasing
the complexity of the effluent eubacterial communities. Thus, DA and BB are very promising additives for an effective
and environmental friendly soil washing treatment of aged (chloro)orgs. contaminated soils.
Bibliographic Information
Analysis of hyperspectral field radiometric data for monitoring nitrogen concentration in rice crops.
Stroppiana, D.; Boschetti, M.; Confalonieri, R.; Bocchi, S.; Brivio, P. A. CNR-IREA, Institute for Electromagnetic
Sensing of the Environment, Milan, Italy. Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering
(2005), 5976(Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology VII), 59760R/1-59760R/9. Publisher:
SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, CODEN: PSISDG ISSN: 0277-786X. Journal written in
English. CAN 145:229986 AN 2006:24387 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Monitoring crop conditions and assessing nutrition requirements is fundamental for implementing sustainable
agriculture. Rational nitrogen fertilization is of particular importance in rice crops to guarantee high prodn. levels while
minimizing the impact on the environment. In fact, the typical flooded condition of rice fields can be a significant
source of greenhouse gasses. Information on plant nitrogen concn. can be used, coupled with information about the
21
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 phenol. stage, to plan strategies for a rational and spatially differentiated fertilization schedule. A field expt. was
carried out in a rice field Northern Italy, in order to evaluate the potential of field radiometric measurements for the
prediction of rice nitrogen concn. The results indicate that rice reflectance is influenced by nitrogen supply at certain
wavelengths although N concn. cannot be accurately predicted based on the reflectance measured at a given
wavelength. Regression anal. highlighted that the visible region of the spectrum is most sensitive to plant nitrogen
concn. when reflectance measures are combined into a spectral index. An automated procedure allowed the anal. of all
the possible combinations into a Normalized Difference Index (NDI) of the narrow spectral bands derived by spectral
resampling of field measurements. The derived index appeared to be least influenced by plant biomass and Leaf Area
Index (LAI) providing a useful approach to detect rice nutritional status. The validation of the regressive model showed
that the model is able to predict rice N concn. (R2=0.55 [p<0.01]; RRMSE=29.4; modeling efficiency close to the
optimum value).
Bibliographic Information
Tabletted microspheres containing Cynara scolymus (var. Spinoso sardo) extract for the preparation of
controlled release nutraceutical matrices.
Gavini, E.; Alamanni, M. C.; Cossu, M.; Giunchedi, P. Dipartimento
di Scienze del Farmaco, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy. Journal of Microencapsulation (2005), 22(5), 487499. Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd., CODEN: JOMIEF ISSN: 0265-2048. Journal written in English. CAN
144:198317 AN 2005:1315813 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Controlled release dosage forms based on tabletted microspheres contg. fresh artichoke Cynara scolymus ext. were
performed for the oral administration of a nutritional supplement. Microspheres were prepd. using a spray-drying
technique; lactose or hypromellose have been chosen as excipients. Microspheres were characterized in terms of
encapsulated ext. content, size and morphol. Qual. and quant. compn. of the ext. before and after the spray process was
detd. Compressed matrixes (tablets) were prepd. by direct compression of the spray-dried microspheres. In vitro
release tests of microparticles and tablets prepd. were carried out in both acidic and neutral media. Spray-drying is a
good method to prep. microspheres contg. the artichoke ext. The microspheres encapsulate an amt. of ext. close to the
theor. value. Particle size analyses indicate that the microparticles have dvs of .apprx.6-7 m. Electronic microscopy
observations reveal that particles based on lactose have spherical shape and particles contg. hypromellose are almost
collapsed. The hydroalcoholic ext. is stable to the microsphere prodn. process: its polyphenolic compn. (qual. and
quant.) did not change after spraying. In vitro release studies show that microparticles characterized by a quick
polyphenolic release both in acidic and neutral media due to the high water soly. of the carrier lactose. On the contrary,
microspheres based hypromellose release only 20% of the loaded ext. at pH 1.2 in 2 h and the total amt. of polyphenols
is released only after about further 6 h at pH 6.8. Matrixes prepd. tabletting lactose microspheres and hypromellose
microparticles in the wt. ratio 1:1 show a slow release rate, that lasts .apprx.24 h. This one-a-day sustained release
formulation contg. Cynara scolymus ext. could be proposed as a nutraceutical controlled release dosage form for oral
administration.
Bibliographic Information
Dynamics of nutrients uptake by strawberry plants (Fragaria
Ananassa Dutch.) grown in soil and soilless
culture.
Tagliavini, M.; Baldi, E.; Lucchi, P.; Antonelli, M.; Sorrenti, G.; Baruzzi, G.; Faedi, W. Dipartimento di
Colture Arboree - Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Bologna, Italy. European Journal of Agronomy (2005), 23(1),
15-25. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: EJAGET ISSN: 1161-0301. Journal written in English.
CAN
144:273623 AN 2005:579858 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Two expts. were conducted to evaluate the dynamics of nutrient uptake by strawberry plants grown under field
conditions and the root nitrogen (N) uptake, storage and remobilisation by soilless grown plants. Uptake and
partitioning of nutrients were detd. by successive destructive plant harvest and mineral anal. of plant organs of two field
grown varieties ('Idea' and 'Marmolada'). Plants were destructively harvested at different developing stages and divided
into roots, crowns, leaves, flower stalks, fruits. In an addnl. trial, the same approach was applied to two sets of plants
22
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 either not fertilised or receiving (in kg ha-1) 55 N, 10 phosphorus (P), 108 potassium (K) and 22 magnesium (Mg). In
both cultivars the growth rate increased after blossom until end of fruit ripening, and nutrient uptake rate was lower in
autumn than in spring. For K no net uptake was obsd. between mid autumn and the dormant period. Potassium was the
nutrient absorbed in spring at the highest rates followed by N, calcium (Ca), Mg and P. Calcd. on ha basis, total plant
removal by fertilised plants ranged between 78 and 91 kg N, 12 and 17 kg P, 92 and 125 kg K, 58 and 91 kg Ca, 19 and
23 kg Mg. Mineral partitioning among plant organs varied with nutrients: Ca was mainly recovered in leaves,
magnesium was almost equally partitioned between leaves and fruit while N, P and K were esp. found in fruits. The
roots and the crowns accounted for only small proportion of total plant nutrients at the end of fruiting season. Root N
uptake in autumn, winter storage, remobilisation of N reserves and spring N uptake were studied applying 15N
technique to potted strawberry plants of cv. Onda grown under greenhouse conditions. Nitrogen at high and low levels
was supplied as unlabeled calcium nitrate in autumn. Plants were transferred in Feb. into new pots filled with sterile
sand. In spring both sets of plants were supplied with labeled Ca(15NO3)2.
High N supply in autumn significantly increased biomass and N content in plant organs, but did not affect fruit yields
and quality. In spring, N was remobilised from roots and crowns to sustain growth. Remobilisation of N to new growth
was completed by blooming, and around 40% of stored N was translocated to new growth. Plant partitioned to fruits a
significant fraction of absorbed N, esp. during the fruit ripening stage.
Bibliographic Information
SFP1 is involved in cell size modulation in respiro-fermentative growth conditions.
Cipollina, Chiara;
Alberghina, Lilia; Porro, Danilo; Vai, Marina. Dipartimento di Biotecnologie e Bioscienze, Universita degli Studi di
Milano-Bicocca, Milana, Italy. Yeast (2005), 22(5), 385-399. Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., CODEN:
YESTE3 ISSN: 0749-503X. Journal written in English.
CAN 143:93752
AN 2005:375905
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Saccharomyces cerevisiae grows fast on glucose, while growth slows down on ethanol as cells move from glucose
fermn. to oxidative metab. The type of carbon source influences both the specific growth rate and cell cycle
progression, as well as cell size. Yeast cells grown on glucose have a larger size than cells grown on ethanol. Here, we
analyzed the behavior of a sfp1 null mutant during balanced and transitory states of growth in batch in response to
changes in the growth medium carbon sources. In a screening for mutants affected in cell size at Start, SFP1 has been
identified as a gene whose deletion caused one of the smallest whi phenotype. Findings presented in this work indicate
that in the sfp1 null mutant the redn. in cell size is not only a consequence of the reduced growth rate but it is tightly
linked to the cellular metab. The SFP1 gene product is required to sustain the increase of both rRNA and protein
content that in wild-type cells takes place in respiro-fermentative growth conditions, while it seems dispensable for
growth on non-fermentable carbon sources. It follows that sfp1 cells growing on ethanol have a larger size than cells
growing on glucose and, noticeably, the former enter the S phase with a crit. cell size higher than the latter. These
features, combined with the role of Sfp1p as a transcriptional factor, suggest that Sfp1p could be an important element
in the control of the cell size modulated by nutrients.
Bibliographic Information
Moderate caloric restriction, but not physiological hyperleptinemia per se, enhances mitochondrial oxidative
capacity in rat liver and skeletal muscle-tissue-specific impact on tissue triglyceride content and AKT activation.
Barazzoni, Rocco; Zanetti, Michela; Bosutti, Alessandra; Biolo, Gianni; Vitali-Serdoz, Laura; Stebel, Marco; Guarnieri,
Gianfranco. Clinica Medica, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy. Endocrinology (2005), 146(4), 2098-2106.
Publisher: Endocrine Society, CODEN: ENDOAO ISSN: 0013-7227. Journal written in English. CAN 142:349454
AN 2005:269001 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The study aimed at detg., in lean tissues from nonobese rats, whether physiol. hyperleptinemia with leptin-induced
reduced caloric intake and/or calorie restriction (CR) per se: enhance mitochondrial-energy metab. gene transcript levels
and oxidative capacity; and reduce triglyceride content. Liver and skeletal muscles were collected from 6-mo-old
23
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Fischer 344 rats after 1-wk leptin s.c. infusion (0.4 mg/kg d: leptin + 3-fold leptinemia vs. ad libitum-fed control) or
moderate CR (-26% of those fed ad libitum) in pair-fed animals (CR). After 1 wk: leptin and CR comparably enhanced
transcriptional expression of mixed muscle mitochondrial genes (P < 0.05 vs. control); CR independently increased (P <
0.05 vs. leptin-control) hepatic mitochondrial-lipooxidative gene expression and oxidative capacity; hepatic but not
muscle mitochondrial effects of CR were assocd. (P < 0.01) with increased activated insulin signaling at AKT level (P <
0.05 vs. leptin-control); liver and muscle triglyceride content were comparable in all groups. In addnl. expts., assessing
time course of posttranscriptional CR effects, 3-wk superimposable CR (P < 0.05): increased both liver and muscle
mitochondrial oxidative capacity; and selectively reduced muscle triglyceride content. Thus, in nonobese adult rat:
moderate CR induces early increments of mitochondrial-lipooxidative gene expression and time-dependent increments
of oxidative capacity in liver and mixed muscle; sustained moderate CR alters tissue lipid distribution reducing muscle
but not liver triglycerides; mitochondrial-lipid metab. changes are tissue-specifically assocd. with hepatic AKT
activation; short-term physiol. hyperleptinemia has no independent stimulatory effects on muscle and liver
mitochondrial-lipooxidative gene expression. Increased lean tissue oxidative capacity could favor substrate oxidn. over
storage during reduced nutrient availability.
Bibliographic Information
Anaerobic Fermentation of Organic Municipal Solid Wastes for the Production of Soluble Organic Compounds.
Bolzonella, David; Fatone, Francesco; Pavan, Paolo; Cecchi, Franco.
Department of Science and Technology,
University of Verona, Verona, Italy. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2005), 44(10), 3412-3418.
Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: IECRED ISSN: 0888-5885. Journal written in English. CAN
143:12547 AN 2005:267326 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
After investigating the application of the mesophilic and thermophilic processes in completely stirred, batch, and plugflow reactors, in this study the authors consider the anaerobic fermn. of source-sorted org. municipal solid wastes in
psychrophilic conditions (14-22 ) without pH control. The pilot-scale reactor was operated in a batch mode, with a
hydraulic retention time of 4-4.5 d. The prodn. of sol. COD from the particulate matter was (on av.) 0.27 g COD per g
of total volatile solids fed to the reactor when operating with a total solids content of 20-35 g/L. The volatile fatty acids
(VFA) were 15% of the sol. COD produced after 4 d of reaction. These values are far lower than those found in
mesophilic and thermophilic conditions, where the prodn. of sol. COD ranged from 0.5 up to 0.9 g COD/g TVSfed and
volatile fatty acids could reach 90% of sol. COD. Further, the first-order reaction const. for the hydrolysis process, Kh,
for the psychrophilic conditions was found equal to 0.11 d-1 at 20 , while it was in the range 0.2-0.4 d-1 when
operating in mesophilic or thermophilic conditions. Conclusively, the study of the psychrophilic fermn. process
allowed for completing the scenario of different options of anaerobic solid-state fermn. of org. waste. Though
mesophilic and thermophilic processes resulted in being more effective in dissoln. of particulate matter, psychrophilic
processes can be of some interest because they are simpler and energy saving. In particular, psychrophilic processes
can be useful for the prodn. of rough sol. COD to be used, e.g., for sustaining the biol. nutrients removal processes in
wastewater treatment.
Bibliographic Information
Acquired glucose sensitivity of k-ras transformed fibroblasts.
Chiaradonna, F.; Magnani, C.; Sacco, E.;
Manzoni, R.; Alberghina, L.; Vanoni, M.
Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences, University of MilanoBicocca, Milan, Italy. Biochemical Society Transactions (2005), 33(1), 297-299. Publisher: Portland Press Ltd.,
CODEN: BCSTB5 ISSN: 0300-5127. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 142:277469
AN
2005:89850 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Mutational activation of the ras gene is crit. for the onset of different malignant phenotypes. We constructed
a dominant neg. mutant (GEF-DN) of a Ras activator protein (guanine nucleotide-exchange factor) that upon overexpression in k-ras transformed NIH 3T3 fibroblasts strongly reduces intracellular Ras GTP, reverting these cells to
wild-type phenotype for morphol., anchorage-independent growth and redn. of tumor formation in nude mice. Here the
24
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 authors review evidence showing that the enhanced proliferation potential of NIH-ras cells requires high initial glucose
concn. in the medium and sustained Ras pathway activation. The exquisite sensitivity of NIH-ras fibroblasts to a
shortage in nutrient and energy supply highlights an acquired fragility of cancer cells that may be exploited for
therapeutic purposes.
Bibliographic Information
From sludge to resources through biosolids.
Spinosa, L. Commissariat for Environmental Emergency, CNR,
Bari, Italy. Water Science and Technology (2004), 50(9), 1-8. Publisher: IWA Publishing, CODEN: WSTED4
ISSN: 0273-1223. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 144:56027 AN 2005:62643 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The paper gives an overview of the possibilities to achieve a more sustainable sludge management strategy
by recovering and reusing valuable products as much as possible. Discussion sep. deals with the recovery of products
suitable for "material" uses and those for "energy" ones. Discussion on material recoveries includes org. matter,
nutrients, carbon source, coagulant, bricks, pumice, slag, artificial lightwt. aggregate (ALWA) and Portland cement.
Regarding energy recovery, (i) conversion processes, including thermo-chem. conversion of dry sludge to oil, thermochem. liquefaction of wet sludge to oil and conversion/combustion processes, (ii) deep shaft wet air oxidn., and (iii)
gasification processes, including starved air combustion, are outlined. Only general indications are given because the
selection of an appropriate system for sludge management is strongly influenced by many other important factors, such
as local economy and geog., climate, land use, regulatory constraints and public acceptance of the various practices.
Also, the conventional and more traditional recycling options, like agricultural and other land uses, and incineration
with energy recovery, are not dealt with because they are well known and extensively discussed elsewhere.
Bibliographic Information
Glutamate synthase activities and protein changes in relation to nitrogen nutrition in barley: the dependence on
different plastidic glucose-6P dehydrogenase isoforms.
Esposito, Sergio; Guerriero, Gea; Vona, Vincenza; Di
Martino Rigano, Vittoria; Carfagna, Simona; Rigano, Carmelo.
Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita di
Napoli 'Federico II', Naples, Italy. Journal of Experimental Botany (2005), 56(409), 55-64. Publisher: Oxford
University Press, CODEN: JEBOA6 ISSN: 0022-0957. Journal written in English.
CAN 142:352142
AN
2005:42147 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In barley (Hordeum vulgare L. var. Nure), glutamate synthesis and the prodn. of reducing power by the oxidative
pentose phosphate pathway (OPPP) are strictly correlated biochem. processes. NADH-GOGAT was the major root
isoform, whose activity increased on a medium supplied with NH4+ or NO3-; by contrast, no noticeable variations
could be obsd. in the leaves of plants supplied with nitrogen. In the leaves, the major isoform is Fd-GOGAT, whose
activity increased under nitrogen feeding. G6PDH activity increased in the roots supplied with nitrogen; no variations
were obsd. in the leaves. Moreover, an increase of the P2 isoform in the roots was measured, giving 13.6% G6PDH
activity localized in the plastids under ammonium, and 25.2% under nitrate feeding conditions. Western blots
confirmed that P2-G6PDH protein was induced in the roots by nitrogen. P1-G6PDH protein was absent in the roots and
increased in the leaves by nitrogen supply to the plants. The changes measured in cytosolic G6PDH seem correlated to
more general cell growth processes, and do not appear to be directly involved in glutamate synthesis. The effects of
light on Fd-GOGAT is discussed, together with the possibility for P2-G6PDH to sustain nitrogen assimilation upon
illumination.
Bibliographic Information
Menopause, the cardiovascular risk factor homocysteine, and the effects of treatment.
de Leo, Vincenzo; la
Marca, Antonio; Morgante, Giuseppe; Musacchio, Maria Concentta; Luisi, Stefano; Petraglia, Felice. Department of
Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine, Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Siena, Siena,
25
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Italy. Treatments in Endocrinology (2004), 3(6), 393-400. Publisher: Adis International Ltd., CODEN: TERNAN
ISSN: 1175-6349. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 142:404325 AN 2004:1149686 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Since the identification of homocysteine (Hcy) as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, it has been the
subject of much research. As with other cardiovascular risk factors, a gender difference exists for Hcy. Plasma levels
are lower in women of reproductive age than in men and postmenopausal women. This has led to the hypothesis that
the increased risk of cardiovascular disease documented in postmenopausal women may be related to the increase in
Hcy levels. Factors affecting total plasma levels of Hcy include genetic factors, nutritional factors, and lifestyle. Many
studies appear to support the ability of estrogen replacement therapy to significantly lower both basal levels of Hcy and
levels following methionine loading. A mean redn. of 10-15% in Hcy levels after 6 mo of hormone therapy has been
reported. Similarly, raloxifene and tamoxifen and low-dose folic acid administration induce redns. in plasma Hcy levels
of the same degree obsd. for hormone therapy. The redn. occurs after a few months of therapy and is sustained,
suggesting the potential for cardioprotective effects. Although there is a pos. effect of estrogen therapy and hormone
therapy on Hcy levels, recent studies do not recommend the use of estrogen or hormone replacement therapy for the
primary or secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Further research is therefore needed to identify strategies to
maximize the efficacy of hormone replacement therapy, while minimizing the risks.
Bibliographic Information
Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate has an important role for the survival of Rhizobium tropici under starvation.
Povolo, S.; Casella, S. Dipartimento di Biotecnologie Agrarie, Universita di Padova, Legnaro, Italy. Annals of
Microbiology (Milano, Italy) (2004), 54(3), 307-316. Publisher: University of Milan, Dep of Food Science and
Microbiology, CODEN: AMNIC7 ISSN: 1590-4261. Journal written in English.
CAN 142:257448
AN
2004:954682 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Accumulation of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate P(3HB) granules serves to sustain the survival of bacterial cells under
conditions of nutrient shortage. P(3HB) is produced by many Rhizobium, Sinorhizobium, Bradyrhizobium and
Azorhizobium species in free-living and in symbiotic state. However, the physiol. role for this polymer has not been
entirely clarified. A stable P(3HB)-minus mutant of Rhizobium tropici was obtained by inactivation of the phaC gene
and characterized. Nodule-inducing ability on bean plants and ARA of the mutant strain did not differ from those of the
parental strain. However, P(3HB)-minus mutant showed higher accumulation of glycogen as compared to the parental
strain. Persistence studies were performed and survival differences in carbon-free liq. microcosms were obsd. between
the two strains.
Bibliographic Information
Effects of cyclodextrins, humic substances, and rhamnolipids on the washing of a historically contaminated soil
and on the aerobic bioremediation of the resulting effluents.
Berselli, Sara; Milone, Gabriella; Canepa, Pietro; di
Gioia, Diana; Fava, Fabio.
Department of Applied Chemistry and Material Science, Faculty of Engineering,
University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Biotechnology and Bioengineering (2004), 88(1), 111-120. Publisher: John
Wiley & Sons, Inc., CODEN: BIBIAU ISSN: 0006-3592. Journal written in English. CAN 141:415179 AN
2004:812519 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Nontoxic and biodegradable pollutant-mobilizing agents, instead of chem. surfactants, were tested in the washing of an
actual-site chloroarom.-contaminated soil. A soil historically contaminated by chlorinated anilines and benzenes,
thiophenes and several polycyclic arom. hydrocarbons was subjected to washing by suspending it (15% w/v) in water or
in water with 1.0% (wt./vol.) -cyclodextrin ( -CD), hydroxypropyl- -cyclodextrin (HP- -CD), rhamnolipid (RL),
dissolved humic substances (HS), or Triton X-100 (TX) in shaken batch reactors for 24 h. The resulting wastewaters
26
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 were amended with nutrients and treated aerobically in shaken reactors for 65 days. The biogenic agents markedly
enhanced (by 237%, -CD; 265%, HP- -CD; 400%, RL; 566%, HS) the capability of water of eluting org. pollutants
from the soil. TX enhanced the overall pollutant removal by .apprx.660%; however, a lower depletion of the initial soil
ecotoxicity, along with a more extensive impact on the soil org. matter, was obsd. TX adversely affected the
bioremediation of the resulting effluent by apparently inducing a premature decrease of specialized bacterial biomass.
By contrast, the biogenic agents, and in particular HS and RL, sustained the biodegrdn. and dechlorination of pollutants
by apparently enhancing the availability of specialized bacteria in the reactors. Thus, the biogenic agents proposed here
seem to be promising nontoxic and nonaggressive soil washing agents for the integrated physicochem. (washing) and
biol. (aerobic posttreatment) restoration of poorly bioremediable (chloro) orgs.-contaminated soils.
Bibliographic Information
Membrane separations for process intensification and sustainable growth.
Drioli, Enrico; di Profio, Gianluca;
Fontananova, Enrica. Research Institute on Membrane Technology, ITM-CNR, University of Calabria, Arcavacata
di Rende, Italy. Fluid/Particle Separation Journal (2004), 16(1), 1-18. Publisher: American Filtration & Separations
Society, CODEN: FSJOE2 ISSN: 1043-2558. Journal; General Review; Computer Optical Disk written in English.
CAN 142:338304 AN 2004:777566 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Because of its high charge of innovation and, mainly, its good fit with the requirements of the process
intensification strategy for sustainable industrial growth, membrane technol. has become well established in an
increasing no. of industrial processes. Brackish and(or) seawater desalination, for meeting the increasing demand for
fresh water in various areas in the world; industrial wastewater treatment, for the redn. of the polluting charge or for the
recovery, by specific sepn., of some important and valuable mols. having special nutritional properties (nutraceuticals);
and milder treatment conditions in agrofood processes for products required with a high level of organoleptic
characteristics but sensitive to thermal treatments, represent today only some examples of the important benefits from
membrane science. Furthermore, integrated membrane systems are recognized as to become, for the next few years, an
interesting way for a better rationalization and more productive industrial cycles. In conjunction with new membranebased devices like membrane contactors, these integrated systems are allowing achievement of highly selective sepn.
operations, with benefits for the whole productive sectors. This paper gives an overview of the application of
membrane technol. in some selected industrial cycles.
Bibliographic Information
The issues of energy and carbon cycle: new perspectives for assessing the environmental impact of animal waste
utilization.
Ceotto, E. Sezione di Modena, Istituto Sperimentale Agronomico, Modena, Italy. Bioresource
Technology (2004), Volume Date 2005, 96(2), 191-196. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: BIRTEB ISSN: 09608524. Journal written in English. CAN 141:414827 AN 2004:769081 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This paper focuses on the benefits of an efficient use of animal waste from the standpoint of curbing the rise of
anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atm. An effective use of animal waste resources might provide a partial, but
still important, contribution in reducing net CO2 emissions. In particular: the fulfilment of nutrient requirements of
crop plants growing in non-limiting conditions and thus sequestering CO2 at their potential level; the chance of
diminishing the use of fossil energy, and related CO2 emissions, required for manufg. industrial fertilizers; the
possibility of enhancing carbon sequestration in agricultural soils by the application of farmyard manure. The future
success of agriculture in providing these ecosystem services can only be achieved with a changed social awareness of
the links between sustainable land use and global environmental change.
Bibliographic Information
Angiogenesis in developing follicle and corpus luteum.
27
Tamanini, C.; de Ambrogi, M.
Faculty of Veterinary
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2004), 39(4), 206-216.
Publisher: Blackwell Verlag GmbH, CODEN: RDANEF ISSN: 0936-6768. Journal; General Review written in
English. CAN 141:271678 AN 2004:748341 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Angiogenesis is a process of vascular growth that is mainly limited to the reproductive system in healthy
adult animals. The development of new blood vessels in the ovary is essential to guarantee the necessary supply of
nutrients and hormones to promote follicular growth and corpus luteum formation. In developing follicles, the preexisting endothelial cells that form the vascular network in the theca layer markedly develop in response to the stimulus
of several growth factors, mainly produced by granulosa cells, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and
basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). The angiogenic factors also promote vessel permeability, thus favoring the
antrum formation and the events inducing follicle rupture. After ovulation, newly formed blood vessels cross the
basement membrane between theca and granulosa layers and continue a rapid growth to sustain corpus luteum
development and function. The length of luteal vascular growth varies in cycling and pregnant animals and among
species; both angiogenesis and subsequent angioregression are finely regulated by systemic and local factors. The
control of angiogenic development in the ovary could be a useful tool to improve animal reproductive performances.
Bibliographic Information
The global Musa genomic consortium: A boost for banana improvement.
Frison, E. A.; Escalant, J. V.;
Sharrock, S.
IPGRI, Rome, Italy. Editor(s): Jain, S. Mohan; Swennen, Rony.
Banana Improvement (2004),
341-349. Publisher: Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield, N. H CODEN: 69FTT2 Conference; General Review written
in English. CAN 141:406328 AN 2004:664945 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Bananas (Musa spp.) are of great importance to small-scale farmers in the developing countries of the tropics
and sub-tropics. The crop can be grown in a range of environments and prodn. systems, and provides a nutritious staple
food and a significant source of revenue all year round. Growing populations in many of the countries where bananas
provide a vital food source mean that productivity increases are essential. However, such increases in prodn. must be
brought about in the face of growing pest and disease pressure, and constantly changing environmental and economic
conditions. In order to accelerate efforts in producing improved varieties of Musa, the International Network for the
Improvement of Banana and Plantain (INIBAP) was instrumental in the formation of PROMUSA, the Global Program
for Musa Improvement, in 1997. Within the framework of PROMUSA, a global Musa Genomics Consortium was
launched in 2001. The consortium aims to apply the newly available genomic technologies, which cover the anal. and
sequencing of all the DNA, its genes, their expression, recombination and diversity, directly to the sustainable
improvement of this major crop. This paper gives details of the importance of genomic studies for the improvement of
a crop such as Musa, in which all the important cultivars are highly sterile; the resources available to the members of
the consortium; and the incremental strategy developed for achieving the consortium's aims. Musa provides an ideal
model species for genomics studies because of the small size of its genome, the comparisons that can be made between
sterile, vegetatively propagated cultivars and seed-fertile wild species, and the different levels of ploidy available
among members of the genus. It is also one of the few plant species with biparental cytoplasmic inheritance: paternal
inheritance of mitochondria and maternal inheritance of chloroplasts.
Bibliographic Information
4-Hydroxynonenal is markedly higher in patients on a standard long-term home parenteral nutrition.
Massarenti, Paola; Biasi, Fiorella; De Francesco, Antonella; Pauletto, Daniela; Rocca, Giuseppe; Silli, Barbara; Vizio,
Barbara; Serviddio, Gaetano; Leonarouzzi, Gabriella; Poli, Giuseppe; Palmo, Augusta. Clinical Nutrition Center of
San Giovanni Battista and of Turin Hospital, Turin, Italy. Free Radical Research (2004), 38(1), 73-80. Publisher:
Taylor & Francis Ltd., CODEN: FRARER ISSN: 1071-5762. Journal written in English. CAN 140:390780 AN
2004:140575 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
28
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Parenteral nutrition, a commonly used procedure in patients with gastrointestinal disorders, may lead to liver steatosis
and fibrosis with unclear pathogenesis. Oxidative stress and esp. lipid peroxidn. contribute to such hepatobiliary
complications by their proinflammatory and profibrogenic effects. To evaluate the adequacy of std. micronutrient
supplementation against oxidative insult in patients on long-term parenteral nutrition, a comprehensive patterns of redox
indexes was detd. in peripheral blood samples from 41 adult patients and 58 controls. Sustained oxidative stress in
peripheral blood of home parenteral patients was obsd. Of the 2 lipid peroxidn. markers that were markedly increased
(fluorescent blood plasma protein adducts with malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxynonenal), only the latter correlated with
the antioxidant-related changes consistently found in the patients, esp. decreased plasma -tocopherol and selenium
intakes and higher erythrocyte oxidized glutathione levels. Blood plasma levels of 4-hydroxynonenal-protein adducts
were a reliable and easily measurable marker of oxidative status, esp. suitable for monitoring the adequacy of dietary
regimens during parenteral nutrition.
Bibliographic Information
Organic inputs and ecosystem efficiency in the deep Mediterranean Sea.
Danovaro, Roberto. Department of
Marine Sciences, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy.
Chemistry and Ecology (2003), 19(5), 391-398.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd., CODEN: CHECDY ISSN: 0275-7540. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 140:258259 AN 2003:990666 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Most studies on the benthic-pelagic coupling have focussed on how energy flow and fluxes of org. matter
might influence the prodn. and structure of the benthic communities. The classical scenario depicts the input of org.
material from the photic zone fertilizing the seabed and the consequent benthic nutrient regeneration supplying again
the water column to sustain primary prodn. processes. More recent studies highlighted the role of benthos as cysts of
planktonic organisms that spend part of their life quiescent in the sediments. Such benthic propagules, when
environmental conditions are not anymore adverse, can supply back plankton communities. Marine canyons might
accumulate cysts derived from shelf export and reverse the direction of the coupling in a bottom tip perspective. In the
Mediterranean Sea, Eastern and Western basins display different productivity, flux rates and benthic standing stocks,
with mass fluxes and org. carbon inputs up to 80 times higher in the Western basin. The low inputs reaching the deepsea sediments are apparently responsible for the lack of coupling in the oligotrophic regions of the Eastern
Mediterranean. The poverty of the org. input <500 m, thought insufficient to fully support growth at the metazoan
level, is partially balanced by a higher org. matter quality (i.e. bioavailability) in the more oligotrophic environments.
In the Eastern Mediterranean, benthic organisms (e.g., bacteria and small metazoans) are 2-3 times more efficient than
in the Western Mediterranean in exploiting the available food sources. These conditions are reflected also by
bioenergetic strategies. In the more oligotrophic eastern basin, meiofauna body compn. (as lipid, protein and
carbohydrate content) displays an apparent biochem. coupling with the compn. of the org. food sources and is
apparently able to cope with longer periods of scarce and highly unpredictable food inputs.
Finally also climate changes might influence the pelagic-benthic coupling modifying primary productivity and
sedimentation rates. Recent changes in deep water mass characteristics of the south Aegean, detd. the formation,
apparently related to climate anomalies, of new colder and higher salinity water masses. These waters replaced and
lifted up the older nutrient-reach deep waters, thus enhancing primary prodn. and phytodetritus input to the deep sea.
Such phenomenon detd. a clear accumulation (up to 10-times) of labile org. carbon in the deep sea. There is increasing
evidence that greenhouse effects and transient climate changes might have rapid and profound effects also on pelagicbenthic coupling in deep-sea ecosystems.
Bibliographic Information
Low vitamin D status, high bone turnover, and bone fractures in centenarians.
Passeri, Giovanni; Pini,
Gabriella; Troiano, Leonarda; Vescovini, Rosanna; Sansoni, Paolo; Passeri, Mario; Gueresi, Paola; Delsignore,
Roberto; Pedrazzoni, Mario; Franceschi, Claudio.
Department of Internal Medicine and Biomedical Sciences,
University of Parma, Parma, Italy. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2003), 88(11), 5109-5115.
Publisher: Endocrine Society, CODEN: JCEMAZ ISSN: 0021-972X. Journal written in English. CAN 140:145258
AN 2003:908399 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
29
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
We studied bone status and metab. in 104 subjects (90 women, 14 men; >98 yr old) to evaluate possible interventions to
avoid fragility fractures and disability. They were not affected by any acute disease. After complete clin. assessment,
blood was analyzed for bone turnover markers and phys. performance tests and skeletal ultrasonog. (phalanges or heels)
were performed. We found that 38 subjects had sustained a total of 55 fractures throughout their lives and 75% of these
were fragility fractures; 28 fractures occurred at the proximal femur, with 14 after the age of 94 yr. Blood serum 25hydroxyvitamin D was nondetectable in 99 of 104 centenarians. Serum PTH and C-terminal fragment of collagen type
I were elevated in 64 and 90% of centenarians, resp., with a trend toward hypocalcemia. Bone alk. phosphatase levels
were close to the upper limit. Serum interleukin (IL)-6 levels were elevated in 81% centenarians and pos. correlated
with PTH and neg. with serum calcium levels. Serum creatinine did not correlate with PTH. Bone ultrasonog. showed
that most centenarians had low values and the ultrasonog. parameters correlated with resorption markers. Thus, the
extreme decades of life are characterized by pathophysiol. sequence of events linking vitamin D deficiency, low blood
serum calcium, and secondary hyperparathyroidism with increased bone resorption and severe osteopenia. These data
offer a rationale for possible prevention of elevated bone turnover, bone loss, and consequently decrease in osteoporotic
fractures and fracture-induced disability in the oldest olds through dietary supplementation with calcium and vitamin D.
Bibliographic Information
Economic constraints on production and consumption of animal source foods for nutrition in developing
countries.
Steinfeld, Henning. Livestock Information Sector Analysis and Policy Branch, Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
Journal of Nutrition (2003), 133(11S-2), 4054S-4061S.
Publisher: American Society for Nutritional Sciences, CODEN: JONUAI ISSN: 0022-3166. Journal written in
English. AN 2003:905356 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Livestock ownership currently supports and sustains the livelihoods of an estd. 675 million rural poor, who depend
partially or fully on livestock for their income and/or subsistence. Human population growth, increasing urbanization
and rising incomes are predicted to double the demand for, and prodn. of, livestock and livestock products in the
developing countries over the next 20 yr. Land availability limits the expansion of livestock nos. in extensive prodn.
systems in most regions, and the bulk of the increase in livestock prodn. will come from increased productivity through
intensification and a wider adoption of existing and new prodn. and marketing technologies. The significant changes in
the global consumption and demand for animal source foods, along with increasing pressures on resources, are having
some important implications for the principal prodn. systems. Prodn. at the smallholder level is constrained by a no. of
barriers, lack of competitiveness and risk factors. The future holds both opportunities as well as serious pitfalls for
animal prodn. in developing countries. There is a danger that livestock prodn. and processing will become dominated
by integrated large-scale com. operations, displacing small-scale livestock farmers and thus exacerbating rural poverty
and malnutrition. Conversely, correctly managed, a dynamic livestock sector could prove to be a catalyst for
stimulating rural economies. However, the livestock sector will not take on this role on its own, but requires proactive
policies on behalf of the private and public sectors.
Bibliographic Information
Polyunsaturated fatty acids, thrombosis and vascular disease.
Di Minno, Giovanni; Tufano, Antonella;
Garofano, Tiziana; Di Minno, Matteo Nicola Dario.
Clinica Medica, Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e
Sperimentale, Universita' degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II", Italy. Pathophysiology of Haemostasis and Thrombosis
(2002), 32(5-6), 361-364. Publisher: S. Karger AG, CODEN: PHTAC7 ISSN: 1424-8832. Journal; General Review
written in English. CAN 140:27182 AN 2003:754425 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. In the 1980s, retrospective studies showed an inverse relation between fish consumption and ischemic heart
disease (IHD) mortality. Fish fats contg. the n-3 polyunsatd. fatty acid (PUFA) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3)
30
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 were shown to impair blood platelet aggregation and thromboxane formation. Large prospective trials, the Diet and
Reinfarction Trial (DART) and the Lyon Heart Study in the secondary prevention of myocardial infarction, have further
supported the interrelationships between diet and dietary prevention of IHD. In the DART Study, the cardioprotection
by EPA was paralleled by increased blood plasma contents of EPA. In the Lyon Heart Study, in addn. to changes in the
contents of EPA, changes in other well known variables (leukocytes, vitamin E; often abnormal in subjects prone to
arterial thrombosis) were found. The GISSI Prevenzione Trial was a prospective, multicentric, open labeled trial with a
factorial design, in which 11,324 recent (<3 mo) survivors of first myocardial infarction were assigned to receive, in
addn. to the usual treatment strategy, supplements of n-3 PUFA, vitamin E, or their combination. The n-3 PUFA
supplementation decreased cardiovascular death (-30%), coronary heart disease death (-35%), total death (-20%), and
sudden death (-45%). The decreased tendency to sudden death in survivors of myocardial infarction in the n-3 PUFA
treated group agree with scanty but reliable clin. data and exptl. studies. Large-scale prospective multicentric
randomized trials aimed at preventing sudden death in high-risk patients and at testing the effects of n-3 PUFA in
patients with intra-coronary devices and sustained ventricular arrhythmias should be followed to better understand the
n-3 PUFA role and sudden death issues.
Bibliographic Information
Controlled liberation composition of biologically active substances for zootechnics use.
Cicognani, Paolo;
Mattioli, Paolo. (Ascor Chimici S.R.L., Italy). Mex. Pat. Appl. (2000), 32 pp. CODEN: MXXXA3 MX 9900144
A 20000731 Patent written in Spanish. Application: MX 99-144 19990104. Priority: . CAN 139:90419 AN
2003:571324 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
MX 9900144
Kind
A
Priority Application
MX 1999-144
Date
20000731
Application No.
MX 1999-144
Date
19990104
19990104
Abstract
An invention involving the prepn. of a compn. for oral delivery of drugs and nutrients, in controlled-release form, to
animals. The compns. comprise a vehicle constituted by a mixt. of oils and waxes, in which there are incorporated the
biol. active substances. The process for the compns. prodn. comprises the fusion of the mixt. of oils and waxes, the
incorporation of the biol. active substances in said merged mixt., and the subsequent solidification and fragmentation
obtaining particles with dimensions of 400-500 em. The invention compns. are used to be added as additives in
fodders, with the finality of obtaining medicinal and/or integrated fodders from the nutritional point of view, for
example with essential amino acids or vitamins.
Bibliographic Information
Acute effects of lyophilised red wine on total antioxidant capacity in healthy volunteers.
Alberti-Fidanza, A.;
Burini, G.; Antonelli, G.; Murdolo, G.; Perriello, G. Sections of Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Internal
Medicine, University of Perugia, Italy. Diabetes, Nutrition & Metabolism (2003), 16(1), 65-71. Publisher: Editrice
Kurtis s.r.l., CODEN: DNMEEW ISSN: 0394-3402. Journal written in English.
CAN 139:179329
AN
2003:553626 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This is an open, cross-over study to examine the acute effects of lyophilized red wine (LYOW) on total antioxidant
capacity and some metabolic variables in 10 healthy subjects (age 27.7 3.9 yr) following a light meal. Each subject
was studied on two occasions for a 360-min period, after consumption of a 1.22 MJ (291 kcal) meal; on one occasion
without and on another occasion with intake of LYOW with high antioxidant activity [15.4 mM trolox equiv. (eq)].
31
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Plasma oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) values decreased significantly after meal alone from 4.97 0.499
to 4.39 0.383 mM trolox eq. (mean SD; p<0.05) and remained lower until 360 min compared to basal values
(p<0.05). In contrast, ORAC values after meal with LYOW increased significantly from a baseline of 4.79 0.356 to
the highest value of 6.39 0.570 mM trolox eq at 90 min; then, it decreased to a plateau of 4.99 0.316 mM trolox eq
(p<0.05), whose values were still higher than baseline ones until 360 min and also significantly different from the
values obtained without LYOW from 90 to 360 min (p<0.05). No correlations were obsd. between dietary antioxidant
vitamin, fruit and vegetable intakes and plasma antioxidant capacity. No differences were found in plasma insulin and
glucose values after meal between the two occasions. We conclude that moderate drinking of red wine (350 mL) with
high antioxidant capacity increased and sustained for 360 min plasma antioxidant level of 10 healthy subjects after a
meal.
Bibliographic Information
Effect of weight loss and lifestyle changes on vascular inflammatory markers in obese women. A randomized
trial.
Esposito, Katherine; Pontillo, Alessandro; Di Palo, Carmen; Giugliano, Giovanni; Masella, Mariangela;
Marfella, Raffaele; Giugliano, Dario.
Department of Geriatrics and Metabolic Diseases, Center for Obesity
Management, Second University of Naples, naples, Italy. JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association
(2003), 289(14), 1799-1804. Publisher: American Medical Association, CODEN: JAMAAP ISSN: 0098-7484.
Journal written in English. CAN 139:34712 AN 2003:280416 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
Obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which may be mediated by increased secretion of
proinflammatory cytokines by adipose tissue. To det. the effect of a program of changes in lifestyle designed to obtain
a sustained redn. of body wt. on markers of systemic vascular inflammation and insulin resistance. Randomized singleblind trial conducted from Feb. 1999 to Feb. 2002 at a university hospital in Italy. One hundred 20 premenopausal
obese women (body mass index 30) aged 20 to 46 yr without diabetes, hypertension, or hyperlipidemia. The 60
women randomly assigned to the intervention group received detailed advice about how to achieve a redn. of wt. of
10% or more through a low-energy Mediterranean-style diet and increased phys. activity. The control group (n=60)
was given general information about healthy food choices and exercise. Lipid and glucose intake; blood pressure;
homeostatic model assessment of insulin sensitivity; and circulating levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 18 (IL18), C-reactive protein (CRP), and adiponectin. After 2 yr, women in the intervention group consumed more foods rich
in complex carbohydrates (9% cor. difference; P<.001), monounsatd. fat (2%; P=.009), and fiber (7 g/d; P<.001); had a
lower ratio of -6 to -3 fatty acids (-5; P<.001); and had lower energy (-310 kcal/d; P<.001), satd. fat (-3.5%;
P=.007), and cholesterol intake (-92 mg/d; P<.001) than controls. Body mass index decreased more in the intervention
group than in controls (-4.2; P<.001), as did serum concns. of IL-6 (-1.1 pg/mL; P=.009), IL-18 (-57 pg/mL; P=.02),
and CRP (-1.6 mg/L; P=.008), while adiponectin levels increased significantly (2.2 pg/mL; P=.01). In multivariate
analyses, changes in free fatty acids (P=.008), IL-6 (P=.02), and adiponectin (P=.007) levels were independently assocd.
with changes in insulin sensitivity. In this study, a multidisciplinary program aimed to reduce body wt. in obese women
through lifestyle changes was assocd. with a redn.
in markers of vascular inflammation and insulin resistance.
Bibliographic Information
Biological nutrient removal wastewater treatments and sewage sludge anaerobic mesophilic digestion
performances.
Bolzonella, D.; Innocenti, L.; Cecchi, F. Department of Science and Technology, University of
Verona, Verona, Italy. Water Science and Technology (2002), 46(10, Sludge Management: Regulation, Treatment,
Utilisation and Disposal), 199-208. Publisher: IWA Publishing, CODEN: WSTED4 ISSN: 0273-1223. Journal
written in English. CAN 138:259523 AN 2003:61063 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The paper deals with the performances of the mesophilic anaerobic digestion treatment of sewage sludge from a full
scale BNR process without primary settling (nominally 300,000 PE). A relation between the activated sludge obsd.
32
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 yields, Yobs, and the anaerobic digester performance was preliminarily found: for values of Yobs of 0.25
kgVSS/kgCOD the anaerobic digester specific gas prodn. showed the best performances (0.22 m3/kgVSfed). This has
to be confirmed with wider future studies. It was also shown the level of sludge pre-thickening to be reached for the
self-sustaining warming of the digester also in wintertime. According to the energetic balance and to a comparison with
an aerobic stabilization process, it was pointed out as when a co-generation unit for heat and energy prodn. was
introduced about 3.4 kWh/PE year of energy were produced in the anaerobic digestion process. On the other hand, 4.3
kWh/PE year were spent if an aerobic stabilization process was applied. The economic assessment, carried out on the
basis of the energy balances, showed that the anaerobic digestion is always economically advantageous if compared to
aerobic stabilization processes, also for small WWTPs. According to the energetic evaluations an environmental
balance was assessed, in terms of CO2 emissions. The difference between anaerobic and aerobic processes was about
5.3 kgCO2/PE year in favor of anaerobic processes application.
Bibliographic Information
Zeolite-coated sustained-release urea fertilizer.
Marchello, Giovanni Battista. (Odore, Carlo, Italy). PCT Int.
Appl. (2002), 21 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2002083740 A1 20021024 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM,
AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD,
GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK,
MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG,
US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY,
DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD,
TG. Patent written in English. Application: WO 2002-IB1238 20020410. Priority: IT 2001-363 20010413. CAN
137:294357 AN 2002:814192 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2002083740
Kind
A1
IT
AU
EP
EP
A1
A1
A1
B1
2001TO0363
2002249526
1379558
1379558
AT 313564
ES 2255611
T
T3
Priority Application
IT 2001-TO363
WO 2002-IB1238
A
W
Date
Application No.
Date
20021024
WO 2002-IB1238
20020410
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN,
CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH,
GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS,
LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH,
PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA,
UG, US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AT, BE, CH,
CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF,
BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG
20021014
IT 2001-TO363
20010413
20021028
AU 2002-249526
20020410
20040114
EP 2002-718474
20020410
20051221
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR
20060115
AT 2002-718474
20020410
20060701
ES 2002-718474
20020410
20010413
20020410
Abstract
Urea particles are coated with natural zeolite powder, which forms a protective coating layer around the urea particles.
The fertilizer permits a gradual supply of nitrates to the soil over time, which solves the problem of loss of nitrogenous
33
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 nutrients from the soil due to leaching phenomena and to the redn. of the nitrates to gaseous nitrogen.
Bibliographic Information
Clinical Response to Amino Acid-Based Formula in Neurologically Impaired Children With Refractory
Esophagitis.
Miele, Erasmo; Staiano, Annamaria; Tozzi, Arturo; Auricchio, Renata; Paparo, Francesco; Troncone,
Riccardo.
Department of Pediatrics and European Laboratory for the Investigation of Food-Induced Diseases,
University Federico II, Naples, Italy. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (2002), 35(3), 314-319.
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, CODEN: JPGND6 ISSN: 0277-2116. Journal written in English. CAN
138:55129 AN 2002:741575 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
OBJECTIVE Chronic gastrointestinal symptoms and histol. changes of the esophagus unresponsive to std. treatments
for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may be improved by the use of elemental formulas. The aim of the
authors' study was to evaluate the efficacy of a dietary trial in neurol. impaired children unresponsive to medical and
surgical therapy for GERD. METHODS Nine children (three boys and 6 girls; median age, 44 mo; range, 13-180 mo)
affected by cerebral palsy assocd. with severe mental retardation and with long-standing history of GERD were fed the
elemental formula, Neocate, for a min. of 4 wk. Before and after the dietary trial, each child underwent endoscopy with
esophageal biopsy and a cellobiose/mannitol sugar permeability test. The diagnosis of GERD was based on the
microscopic changes of the esophagus. RESULTS Before the dietary trial, according to conventional histol. criteria,
esophagitis was considered moderate in 7 children and mild in 2. Five of nine patients also had abnormal sugar
permeability test results. During and after the dietary trial, seven of nine patients experienced resoln. of their long-term
symptom complaints. Furthermore, after the dietary trial, both endoscopic (< 0.01) and histol. (< 0.05) findings
significantly improved. At 6-mo follow-up, progressive reintroduction of individual dietary proteins, except for cow's
milk protein, did not cause reappearance of the symptoms. CONCLUSIONS In neurol. impaired children unresponsive
to conventional antireflux treatments, a course of a highly restricted diet with an amino acid-based formula may bring
an immediate and sustained, endoscopically and histol. proven improvement in long-standing gastrointestinal symptoms
and esophagitis.
Bibliographic Information
Evaluation of a eutrophic coastal lagoon ecosystem from the study of bottom sediments.
Frascari, F.;
Matteucci, G.; Giordano, P. Marine Geology Institute, National Research Council, Bologna, Italy. Hydrobiologia
(2002), 475/476 387-401. Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, CODEN: HYDRB8 ISSN: 0018-8158. Journal
written in English. CAN 138:94980 AN 2002:738381 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Morphol. reconstruction and biogeochem. characterization of the lagoon of Comacchio (Italy) were carried out in order
to provide recommendations for the recovery, conservation and sustainable management of the Fattibello-Spavola
coastal lagoon ecosystem. Samples were taken in 2 seasons: July 1997 and Nov. 1998. The irregular morphol. of the
Fattibello lagoon affects depositional processes and seawater exchange (tidal currents). Several depressions retain part
of the dense water of the saline wedge; these stagnant waters became sinks for fine terrigenous and org. matter. The
basin is already extensively supplied with N and P compds. from land. The inflow is demonstrated by the large quantity
of org. C, N and org. and inorg. P compds. in the superficial sediment. The ratios between the various forms of
macronutrients indicate that the org. matter is primarily of autochthonous origin, with relatively low C/N ratios
(8.4 0.6 and 8.1 0.6 in July and Nov., resp.). Shallow areas were almost always oxygenated by tidal currents and thus
rich in organisms, with a predominance of molluscs and Ficopomatus enigmaticus. However, the trophic equil. of the
ecosystem was affected by the accumulation of org. matter in the depressions, favored by the increased hydrodynamics
during the autumn. These accumulations generate high O consumption and release considerable quantities of nutrients
into the water column, with the risk of serious dystrophy throughout the basin during the summer. Local dredging and
an improvement of the circulation are suggested and carried out to contain these processes. Reclamation measures in
the longer term are proposed.
34
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Cadmium-induced sulfate uptake in maize roots.
Nocito, Fabio F.; Pirovano, Livia; Cocucci, Maurizio; Sacchi,
Gian Attilio.
Dipartimento di Produzione Vegetale, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.
Plant
Physiology (2002), 129(4), 1872-1879. Publisher: American Society of Plant Biologists, CODEN: PLPHAY ISSN:
0032-0889. Journal written in English. CAN 137:244742 AN 2002:639369 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The effect of Cd on high-affinity sulfate transport of maize (Zea mays) roots was studied and related to the changes in
the levels of sulfate and nonprotein thiols during Cd-induced phytochelatin (PC) biosynthesis. Ten micromolar CdCl2
in the nutrient soln. induced a 100% increase in sulfate uptake by roots. This was not obsd. either for potassium or
phosphate uptake, suggesting a specific effect of Cd2+ on sulfate transport. The higher sulfate uptake was not
dependent on a change in the proton motive force that energizes it. In fact, in Cd-treated plants, the transmembrane
elec. p.d. of root cortical cells was only slightly more neg. than in the controls, the external pH did not change, and the
activity of the plasma membrane H+-ATPase did not increase. Kinetics anal. showed that in the range of the highaffinity sulfate transport systems, 10 to 250 M, Cd exposure did not influence the Km value (about 20 M), whereas
it doubled the Vmax value with respect to the control. Northern-blot anal. showed that Cd-induced sulfate uptake was
related to a higher level of mRNA encoding for a putative high-affinity sulfate transporter in roots. Cd-induced sulfate
uptake was assocd. to both a decrease in the contents of sulfate and glutathione and synthesis of a large amt. of PCs.
These results suggest that Cd-induced sulfate uptake depends on a pretranslational regulation of the high-affinity sulfate
transporter gene and that this response is necessary for sustaining the higher sulfur demand during PC biosynthesis.
Bibliographic Information
Postprandial endothelial activation in healthy subjects and in type 2 diabetic patients: role of fat and
carbohydrate meals.
Nappo, Francesco; Esposito, Katherine; Cioffi, Michele; Giugliano, Giovanni; Molinari, Anna
Maria; Paolisso, Giuseppe; Marfella, Raffaele; Giugliano, Dario. Department of Geriatrics and Metabolic Diseases,
Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy. Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2002), 39(7), 11451150. Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc., CODEN: JACCDI ISSN: 0735-1097. Journal written in English. CAN
136:385483 AN 2002:348936 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
To compare the effect of a high-fat meal and a high-carbohydrate meal (pizza), with and without antioxidant vitamins,
on endothelial activation in healthy subjects and in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The postprandial state is
becoming increasingly acknowledged to affect some early events of atherogenesis. In a randomized, observer-blinded,
crossover study, 20 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients and 20 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects received
two meals at one-week intervals: a high-fat meal (760 cal) and an isoenergetic high-carbohydrate meal (non-cheese
pizza). In all subjects, the same meals were repeated immediately following ingestion of vitamin E, 800 IU, and
ascorbic acid, 1,000 mg. In normal subjects, the high-fat meal increased the plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor(TNF- ), interleukin-6 (IL-6), intercellular adhesion mol.-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion mol.-1 (VCAM-1),
which were prevented by vitamins. No change in these parameters occurred after pizza ingestion or pizza ingestion
with vitamins. In diabetic patients, basal concns. of glucose, cytokines and adhesion mols. were significantly higher
than in nondiabetic controls. Both meals significantly increased cytokine and adhesion mol. levels, but the increase was
more sustained following the high-fat meal. There was no significant change from baseline when vitamin
supplementation accompanied each meal. There was a relationship between changes in serum triglycerides and changes
in TNF- (r = 0.39, p < 0.01), IL-6 (r = 0.28, p < 0.05) and VCAM-1 (r = 0.25, p < 0.05), and between changes in
plasma glucose and changes in IL-6 (r = 0.36, p < 0.01) and ICAM-1 (r = 0.31, p < 0.02). An oxidative mechanism
mediates endothelial activation induced by post-meal hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia.
Bibliographic Information
Iron deficiency and chlorosis in orchard and vineyard ecosystems.
35
Tagliavini, M.; Rombola, A. D.
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Dipartimento di Colture Arboree, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Bologna, Italy. European Journal of Agronomy
(2001), 15(2), 71-92. Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V., CODEN: EJAGET ISSN: 1161-0301. Journal; General
Review written in English.
CAN 136:354692
AN 2001:738063
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The main fundamental and applied aspects of iron (Fe) nutrition of deciduous fruit crops and grapevine and
the possible development of sustainable Fe nutrition management in orchard and vineyard ecosystems were reviewed.
Cultivated grapevines and most deciduous fruit trees are made up of two sep. genotypes the cultivar and the rootstock,
providing the root system to the tree. The effect of the rootstock on scion tolerance of Fe chlorosis is discussed in terms
of biochem. responses of the roots to acquire iron from the soil. Symptoms of iron chlorosis in orchards and vineyards
are usually more frequent in spring when shoot growth is rapid and bicarbonate concn. in the soil soln. buffers soil pH
in the rhizosphere and root apoplast. Since the soly. of Fe-oxides is pH dependent, under alk. and calcareous soils
inorg. Fe availability is far below that required to satisfy plant demand, so major role on Fe nutrition of trees is likely
played by the iron chelated by microbial siderophores, chelated by phytosiderophores (released into the soil by
graminaceous species) and complexed by org. matter. As most fruit tree species belong to Strategy I-based plants
(which do not produce phytosiderophores in their roots) Fe uptake is preceded by a redn. step from Fe3+ to Fe2+. The
role of ferric chelate reductase and proton pump activities in Fe uptake and the possible adoption of these measurements
for screening procedure in selecting Fe chlorosis tolerant rootstocks are discussed. In a chlorotic leaf the existence of
Fe pools which are somehow inactivated has been demonstrated, suggesting that part of the Fe coming from the roots
does not pass the leaf plasmamembrane and may be confined to the apoplast; the reasons and the importance for
inactivation of Fe in the apoplast are discussed. The use of Fe chlorosis tolerant genotypes as rootstocks in orchards
and vineyards represents a reliable soln. to prevent iron chlorosis;
in some species, however, available Fe chlorosis resistant rootstocks are not very attractive from an agronomic point of
view since they often induce excessive growth of the scion and reduce fruit yields. As most fruit tree crops and grapes
are high value commodities, in many countries growers are often willing to apply synthetic Fe chelates to cure or to
prevent the occurrence of Fe deficiency. The application of iron chelates does not represent a sustainable way to
prevent or cure iron chlorosis because of to their costs and of the environmental risks assocd. with their use. Since Fe
chelates were introduced, little research on alternative means for controlling the chlorosis has been performed.
Sustainable management of Fe nutrition in orchards and vineyards should include all genetical and agronomical means
in order to naturally enhance Fe availability in the soil and in the plant. Special attention should be given to soil anal.
and to prevention measures carried out before planting. Alternatives to iron chelates are being developed and in the
future they should be included into the routine practices of managing fruit trees and grapevine under Integrated Prodn.
and Org. Farming.
Bibliographic Information
Reduction of oxaluria after an oral course of lactic acid bacteria at high concentration.
Campieri, Claudio;
Campieri, Massimo; Bertuzzi, Veronica; Swennen, Erwin; Matteuzzi, Diego; Stefoni, Sergio; Pirovano, Franco; Centi,
Carla; Ulisse, Salvatore; Famularo, Giuseppe; De Simone, Claudio.
Department of Nephrology, Department of
Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, S. Orsola University Hospital, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
Kidney International (2001), 60(3), 1097-1105. Publisher: Blackwell
Science, Inc., CODEN: KDYIA5 ISSN: 0085-2538. Journal written in English.
CAN 136:134155
AN
2001:696072 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Hyperoxaluria is a major risk factor for renal stone formation and in most cases it may be sustained by increased dietary
oxalate load or increased intestinal absorption. The endogenous digestive microflora, esp. Oxalobacter formigenes,
utilizes oxalate in the gut and limits its absorption. Oxaluria may be decreased by decreasing oxalate intestinal
absorption via feeding a mixt. of freeze-dried lactic acid bacteria. Six patients with idiopathic Ca oxalate urolithiasis
and mild hyperoxaluria (>40 mg/24 h) received a mixt. of 8
1011 freeze-dried lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus
acidophilus, L. plantarum, L. brevis, Streptococcus thermophilus, Bifidobacterium infantis) daily for 4 wk. The 24-h
urinary excretion of oxalate was detd. at the end of the study period and 1 mo after end of the treatment. The ability of
36
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 bacteria to degrade oxalate and grow in oxalate-contg. media and the gene expression of Ox1T, an enzyme that
catalyzes the transmembrane exchange of oxalate, were also investigated. The lactic acid bacteria treatment decreased
the 24-h excretion of oxalate in all 6 patients. The mean levels were 33.5 15.9 mg/24 h at the end of the study period
and 28.3 14.6 mg/24 h at 1 mo later compared with baseline values of 55.5 19.6 mg/24 h. The treatment was assocd.
with a strong decrease of the fecal excretion of oxalate in 2 patients tested. Two bacterial species among those used (L.
acidophilus and S. thermophilus) degraded oxalate effectively in vitro, but their growth was somewhat inhibited by
oxalate. One species (B. infantis) showed a good oxalate-degrading activity and grew rapidly in the oxalate-contg.
medium. L. plantarum and L. brevis showed a modest ability to degrade oxalate even though they grew well in oxalatecontg. medium. No strain expressed the Ox1T gene. Thus, the urinary excretion of oxalate, a major risk factor for renal
stone formation and growth in patients with idiopathic Ca oxalate urolithiasis, can be greatly decreased with dietary
treatment by high concns.
of freeze-dried lactic acid bacteria. The biol. manipulation of the endogenous digestive microflora can be a novel
approach for the prevention of urinary stone formation.
Bibliographic Information
Programmed cell death, proliferating cell nuclear antigen and p53 expression in mouse colon mucosa during
diet-induced tumorigenesis. Risio, Mauro; Sarotto, Ivana; Rossini, Francesco Paolo; Newmark, Harold; Yang, Kan;
Lipkin, Martin.
Department of Pathology, Institute for Cancer, Candiolo-Torino, Italy.
Analytical Cellular
Pathology (2000), 21(2), 87-94. Publisher: IOS Press, CODEN: ACPAER ISSN: 0921-8912. Journal written in
English. CAN 135:342247 AN 2001:360544 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Western-style diets (WDs) trigger and sustain the early phases of tumorigenesis in mouse colon, and when continued
throughout the life span lead to the development of dysplastic crypts. To evaluate the roles both of cell proliferation
and programmed cell death (PCD) in WD-induced tumorigenesis, immunohistochem. detection of proliferating nuclear
antigen (PCNA), in situ end labeling (TUNEL) of DNA breaks, and p53 protein were carried out in mouse colonic
mucosa during prolonged feeding of 2 WDs. PCNA Labeling Index of colonic crypts was significantly higher in WDtreated animals than in controls only at the beginning of the nutritional study, the gap rapidly bridged by increased cell
proliferation spontaneously occurring in the colonic mucosa during aging. A transient early homeostatic activation of
PCD at the base of the crypt also was obsd. in WD groups. No changes in PCD were seen in the upper third of the crypt
or in surface epithelium throughout the study, indicating that PCD in that colonic crypt segment produces a const. flux
of cell loss, uninfluenced by homeostatic fluctuations. A major finding was an irreversible, progressive, age-related
decline of PCD at the crypt base in both control and treated animals that occurred during the second half of the rodents'
life span, p53 protein was not immunohistochem. detected, suggesting that neither overexpression of wild-type nor
mutated forms of the protein are involved in the above mentioned changes.
Bibliographic Information
Nutrients cycling in Mediterranean basins: the role of the biological pump in the trophic regime.
Crispi, G.;
Mosetti, R.; Solidoro, C.; Crise, A. Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale, Trieste, Italy.
Ecological Modelling (2001), 138(1-3), 101-114. Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V., CODEN: ECMODT ISSN:
0304-3800. Journal written in English. CAN 135:170313 AN 2001:292996 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The Mediterranean Sea is generally characterized by the presence of oligotrophic conditions, which are more
pronounced in its eastern part. The effects of phys. and biol. fluxes on the N and P distributions are addressed by means
of a box model. Numerical simulations obtained with realistic fluxes, as well as the anal. of the asymptotic behavior of
the model support the hypothesis that inverse estuarine circulation is not sufficient to explain the oligotrophic regime.
Conversely, it appears that the downward fluxes of org. matter play a major role in sustaining and stabilizing the
oligotrophy as found in the observations. Indeed the trophic gradients between the western and the eastern
Mediterranean arise as a consequence of the unbalance of the loads emitted in the basins, with greater inputs into the
37
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 western, but, they are maintained in the long run by the biol. pump.
Bibliographic Information
Recovery of the macrozoobenthic community after severe dystrophic crises in a Mediterranean coastal lagoon
(Orbetello, Italy).
Lardicci, C.; Como, S.; Corti, S.; Rossi, F. Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Uomo e dell'Ambiente,
Universita di Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Marine Pollution Bulletin (2001), 42(3), 202-214. Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd.,
CODEN: MPNBAZ ISSN: 0025-326X. Journal written in English. AN 2001:229583 CAPLUS (Copyright (C)
2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The Orbetello lagoon, one of the largest Western Mediterranean lagoons, was affected by high algal blooms and severe
anoxic crises in 1992 and 1993, with fish mortality throughout most of the lagoon and a drastic redn. of benthic species.
Many measures were undertaken between 1994 and 1996 to remove the severe eutrophication of this lagoon. Such
measures included harvesting of the floating seaweed biomass, removal of all wastewater and sea channel enlargement
by dredging activity. The aim of the present research was to study the macrozoobenthic assemblage in 1999 and to
compare it with previous research in order to assess the recovery of the lagoon. A total of 106 taxa and 45 175
individuals were collected in three areas (sea inlets, western and eastern lagoon) having different org. matter loading
during winter and summer. The results of multivariate and correlation analyses indicated that trophic status and its
seasonal dynamics were crucial in detg. species distribution among the different areas. Moreover, comparison of the
macrozoobenthic structure between winter 1995 and 1999 showed differences in species compn. and structural
parameters in the western and eastern lagoon, where a clear recovery of benthic assemblages was obsd. in 1999.
However, the dominance of opportunistic species in most of the lagoon and the decrease in some structural parameters
during summer suggested that this basin still presented signs of disturbance in 1999, six years after the last extended
anoxic crises and even after completion of the restoration measures carried out in the environment. It was hypothesized
that a secondary disturbance, sustained by a high seasonal release of nutrients from the sediments, could create
considerable deviations from the expected improvement in benthic conditions.
Bibliographic Information
Dietary fats and cholesterol in Italian infants and children.
Agostoni, Carlo; Riva, Enrica; Scaglioni, Silvia;
Marangoni, Franca; Radaelli, Giovanni; Giovannini, Marcello. Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan,
Italy. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2000), 72(5, Suppl.), 1384S-1391S. Publisher: American Society for
Clinical Nutrition, CODEN: AJCNAC ISSN: 0002-9165. Journal written in English.
CAN 134:41572
AN
2000:799555 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The dietary fat intake of Italian infants has peculiar characteristics that begin quite early because their mothers' milk has
a monounsatd. fat content (45%) at the upper limit of values found in Europe. Comparison studies in breast-fed and
formula-fed infants were conducted to evaluate the infant growth and developmental correlates and differences in fat
intakes in the early months of life. The breast-fed infants had higher blood lipid concns. at 4 mo of age than the
formula-fed infants. The addn. of long-chain polyunsatd. fatty acids (LC-PUFA) and cholesterol to the formulas for
term infants may affect the concns. of circulating blood lipids and LC-PUFA compn. of the lipids during the breastfeeding period. The addn. of LC-PUFA does not seem to affect the growth rate of formula-fed infants. Although an
initial benefit of LC-PUFA feeding on eye-hand coordination was obsd., this effect was not sustained; by 24 mo the
different feeding groups had similar developmental scores. Other peculiarities of the Italian experience are presented,
including body wts. from infancy to early childhood in 147 children, the nutrient densities of different diets in Italian
school children, and the effects of nutritional education on dietary intakes. The diets of these children were high in
animal protein and supplied .apprx.30-35% of energy from fats throughout childhood. Both the dietary protein intakes
at 1 yr of age and parental body mass indexes were assocd. with 5-yr body mass index values. Classroom education
may be useful to lower blood plasma lipid concns. in healthy primary school-age children. It is not known whether this
early modification can be maintained and whether it influences the later development of cardiovascular disorders.
38
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Polyunsaturated fatty acid concentrations in human hindmilk are stable throughout 12-months of lactation and
provide a sustained intake to the infant during exclusive breastfeeding: an Italian study.
Marangoni, Franca;
Agostoni, Carlo; Lammardo, Anna M.; Giovannini, Marcello; Galli, Claudio; Riva, Enrica.
Institute of
Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy. British Journal of Nutrition (2000), 84(1), 103-109.
Publisher: CABI Publishing, CODEN: BJNUAV ISSN: 0007-1145. Journal written in English. CAN 133:237233
AN 2000:552465 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
While numerous data on the fatty acid compn. of mature human milk have been published, limited information is
available on the quantities of individual fatty acids supplied to the nursing infant with maternal milk during the whole
first year of life. The qual. and quant. fatty acid compn. of human milk from Italian mothers was detd. throughout
extended lactation, with particular emphasis on the long-chain polyunsatd. fatty acids. The total fat content and the
concns. of major fatty acids were quant. detd. by GLC in pooled breast hindmilk (at the end of feeding) collected from
all feedings over 24 h at the colostrum stage and at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 mo from 10 mothers after delivery of full-term
infants. The total satd. fatty acids progressively increased and total monounsatd. acids progressively decreased on %
basis, while among the long-chain polyunsatd. fatty acids the % of arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids decreased
from colostrum up to the third month. The hindmilk total lipid levels (mg/dL) increased >2-fold up to 3 mo and then
remain stable. The amts. of linoleic and -linolenic acids (mg/dL) progressively increased, following the trend of total
fat, while the arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acid concns. (mg/dL) remained stable throughout the whole nursing
period. Assessment of the intakes per kg of infant body wt. showed different trends for the individual major long-chain
polyunsatd. fatty acids supplied from the hindmilk during exclusive breast feeding (3 mo). This information is useful
for the evaluation of infant intakes during extended lactation.
Bibliographic Information
Biocatalytic membrane reactors: applications and perspectives.
Giorno, L.; Drioli, E.
IRMERC-CNR,
Research Institute on Membranes and Modelling of Chemical Reactors, University of Calabria, Rende-CS, Italy.
Trends in Biotechnology (2000), 18(8), 339-349. Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd., CODEN: TRBIDM ISSN: 01677799. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 133:236858 AN 2000:507335 CAPLUS (Copyright
(C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 79 refs. Membranes and biotechnol. tools can be used for improving traditional prodn. systems to
maintain the sustainable growth of society. Typical examples include: new and improved foodstuffs, in which the
desired nutrients are not lost during thermal treatment; novel pharmaceutical products with well-defined enantiomeric
compns.; and the treatment of waste-water, wherein pollution by traditional processes is a problem.
Bibliographic Information
Defective suppression of the aldosterone biosynthesis during stroke permissive diet in the stroke-prone
phenotype of the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
Enea, Iolanda; De Paolis, Paola; Porcellini, Antonio; Piras,
Ornella; Savoia, Carmine; Russo, Rosaria; Giliberti, Rosangela; Gigante, Bruna; Rubattu, Speranza; Conte, Giuseppe;
Ganten, Detlev; Volpe, Massimo.
Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo "Neuromed", Pozzilli, IS, Italy.
Basic
Research in Cardiology (2000), 95(2), 84-92. Publisher: Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, CODEN:
BRCAB7 ISSN: 0300-8428. Journal written in English.
CAN 133:237181
AN 2000:407457
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Short-term high salt dietary intake can unmask blunted blood plasma aldosterone suppression in stroke-prone
spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRsp). The responses of aldosterone biosynthesis and prodn. to sustained exposure
39
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 to the stroke-permissive high-sodium Japanese-style diet (JD) were studied in 6-wk old male stroke-prone and strokeresistant SHR. The rats from both strains were fed a regular diet (SHR = 37, SHRsp = 32) or the JD plus 1% saline to
drink (SHR = 34, SHRsp = 30) for 4 wk. All measurements were done at the end of the study. After JD, blood plasma
aldosterone levels were decreased in SHR from 357.8 57 to 163.3 31.5 pg/mL, but markedly increased in SHRsp
from 442 56.5 to 739 125.7 pg/mL. The adrenal aldosterone synthase expression was decreased by JD in SHR; it
was slightly increased by JD in SHRsp so that after 4 wk the aldosterone synthase mRNA level was 5-fold higher in
SHRsp than in SHR. Urinary sodium excretion (mEq/24 h) was lower in SHRsp; the fractional Na excretion was
80.2 9% in SHR and 40.3 8% in SHRsp in balance studies performed at the end of JD period. These responses of
mineralocorticoid biosynthesis and urinary Na excretion to JD were not accounted for by different adaptations of the
renin-angiotensin and atrial natriuretic peptide systems, of blood serum K levels, or of adrenal 11 -hydroxylase
expression in the 2 strains. Systolic blood pressure was comparable in both strains throughout the expt. Thus, there is
an enhanced aldosterone biosynthesis assocd. with decreased urinary excretion of sodium in response to JD in SHRsp
before the onset of stroke. This abnormality may play a role in the higher susceptibility to stroke in this model.
Bibliographic Information
Metabolic responses in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) roots under Fe-deficiency: a 31P-nuclear magnetic
resonance in-vivo study.
Espen, Luca; Dell'Orto, Marta; De Nisi, Patrizia; Zocchi, Graziano. Dipartimento di
Produzione Vegetale, University of Milan, Milan, Italy. Planta (2000), 210(6), 985-992. Publisher: SpringerVerlag, CODEN: PLANAB ISSN: 0032-0935. Journal written in English. CAN 133:71452 AN 2000:301863
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The metabolic responses occurring in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) roots (a strategy-I plant) grown under irondeficiency conditions were studied in-vivo using 31P-NMR spectroscopy. Iron starvation induced activation of metab.
leading to the consumption of stored carbohydrates to produce the NAD(P)H, ATP and phosphoenolpyruvate necessary
to sustain the increased activity of the NAD(P)H:Fe3+-reductase, the H+-ATPase (EC 3.6.1.35) and
phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (EC 4.1.1.31). Activation of catabolic pathways was supported by the enhancement
of glycolytic enzymes and concns. of the metabolites glucose-6-phosphate and fructose-6-phosphate, and by
enhancement of the respiration rate. Moreover, Fe-deficiency induced a slight increase in the cytoplasmic (pHc) and
vacuolar (pHv) pHs as well as a dramatic decrease in the vacuolar phosphate (Pi) concn. A comparison was done using
fusicoccin (FC), a fungal toxin which stimulates proton extrusion. Changes in pHc and pHv were measured after addn.
of FC. Under these conditions, a dramatic alkalinization of the pHv of -Fe roots was obsd., as well as a concomitant Pi
movement from the vacuole to the cytoplasm. These results showed that Fe starvation was indeed accompanied by the
activation of metabolic processes useful for sustaining the typical responses occurring at the plasma-membrane level
(i.e. increases in the NAD(P)H:Fe3+-reductase and H+-ATPase activities) as well as those involved in the homeostasis
of pHc. The decrease in vacuolar Pi levels induced by Fe-deficiency and FC and movement of Pi from the vacuole to
the cytoplasm suggest a possible involvement of this compd. in the cellular pH-stat system.
Bibliographic Information
Signal transduction mechanism for LH in the cumulus-oocyte complex.
Mattioli, M.; Barboni, B. Facolta di
Medicina Veterinaria, Istituto di Fisiologia Veterinaria, Teramo, Italy.
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
(2000), 161(1-2), 19-23. Publisher: Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd., CODEN: MCEND6 ISSN: 0303-7207. Journal;
General Review written in English. CAN 133:53748 AN 2000:255484 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review, with 31 refs., on the recently described signaling mechanisms by which cumulus cells exposed to peak levels
of gonadotropins, activate oocyte maturation. Cumulus cells react to LH with a prompt Ca raise which diffuses through
gap junctions in a few minutes also into the oocyte where a local amplification system spreads the signal all over the
cell. Few h later, still as a consequence of LH stimulation, cumulus cells undergo a progressive depolarization of their
plasma membrane potential. Due to the elec. coupling with these cells the oocyte depolarizes too and this open specific
40
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 voltage gated Ca channels responsible for a second wider and more sustained intracellular Ca rise. As a result of
changes throughout maturation with a consequent modification of the size and charge of the mols. that can diffuse from
one cell compartment to the other. This cell to cell interaction is further modified with cumulus expansion that leads to
a progressive uncoupling of outer cumulus cells while the inner cell layer, corona radiata, remains in oocyte maturation
by addressing to the oocyte nutrients and instructions in a well-orchestrated sequence. The identification of these
mechanisms are a fundamental prerequisite for the development of in vitro systems suitable to produce oocytes matured
in vitro with normal developmental competence.
Bibliographic Information
How the hindgut can cure type 2 diabetes. Ileal transposition improves glucose metabolism and beta-cell
function in Goto-kakizaki rats through an enhanced Proglucagon gene expression and L-cell number.
Patriti
Alberto; Aisa Maria Cristina; Annetti Claudia; Sidoni Angelo; Galli Francesco; Ferri Ivana; Gulla Nino; Donini
Annibale Department of Surgery, Section of General and Emergency Surgery, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.
[email protected]
Surgery (2007), 142(1), 74-85. Journal code: 0417347. ISSN:0039-6060. Journal;
Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID
17630003 AN 2007412461 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), secreted by ileal L cells, plays a keyrole in the resolution of type 2 diabetes after bariatric operations whose common feature is an expedite nutrient delivery
to the hindgut. Ileal transposition (IT), an operation that permits L-cell stimulation by undigested food, was employed
to verify this theory. METHODS: IT was carried out in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) type 2 diabetic rats and in euglycemic
Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, food-intake, body weight, pancreas morphology, and
function were evaluated to track the effects of IT on diabetes. Intact GLP-1 secretion and gene expression pattern of the
transposed ileum were investigated to verify the molecular bases of the hindgut action. RESULTS: In GK rats, IT
significantly improved glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and acute insulin response without affecting body weight
and food intake. Immunohistochemistry revealed remodeled islets strictly resembling that of euglycemic rats and signs
of beta-cell neogenesis starting with exocrine structures. GLP-1 secretion in GK transposed rats was characterized by a
more sustained response to oral glucose compared with nontreated rats. Gene expression of Proglucagon,
Proconvertase 1/3 (PC1/3), and Chromogranin A in the transposed ileum significantly enhanced. Effects on glucose
metabolism and pancreas morphology were not observed in the euglycemic rats as a consequence of the glucosedependent action of GLP-1. CONCLUSIONS: This study gives strong evidences for the crucial role of the hindgut in
the resolution of diabetes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GBP) and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). Moreover, these
findings confirm at the preclinical level that IT is a surgical procedure of possible relevance in the therapy of type 2
diabetes in non-overweight and mildly obese patients.
Bibliographic Information
A child health promotion intervention in Albania: results and lessons learned.
Buonomo E; Doro Altan A M;
Cenko F; Godo A; Scarcella P; Fioramonti L; Marazzi M C; Palombi L Dipartimento di Sanita Pubblica, Universita di
Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy. [email protected] Igiene e sanita pubblica (2007), 63(1), 7-20. Journal code:
0373022. ISSN:0019-1639. (ENGLISH ABSTRACT); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in Italian.
PubMed ID 17401446 AN 2007198278
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Albania is a Balkan country in South-Eastern Europe which, in recent years, has undergone complex demographic,
political and economical changes. A notable drop in infant and maternal mortality rates and a significant rise in
economic indicators have been observed in recent years. Despite this, over 15% of the population living in the northern
and north-eastern areas of the country lives in extreme poverty conditions. In recent years various healthcare system
reforms have been introduced, including the introduction of private healthcare and improvement of the main hospital
infrastructures but not much has been done to increase the provision of essential healthcare services especially in rural
41
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 and poor areas. Inequalities in health care are therefore widespread and these particularly affect children living in
critical areas. In this paper we describe a paediatric healthcare intervention programme conducted in Albania from
2002 to 2004, aimed at improving the health and nutrition status of children and tackling healthcare system inequalities.
The intervention consisted in offering free healthcare services and assistance, delivered through the Albanian healthcare
system, to 5280 children. It also involved a health education programme for the mothers. The impact of the
programme on the prevalence of infant malnutrition was evaluated by examining the medical records of 1745 infants
followed for at least 6 months. Prevalence of malnutrition significantly decreased, from 13.4% to 4.2% during the
study period. Mortality in children aged 0-5 years also showed a considerable drop. These results confirm that an
efficient and sustainable model of paediatric healthcare assistance in Albania is possible.
Bibliographic Information
The physiology of mountain biking.
Impellizzeri Franco M; Marcora Samuele M
Human Performance
Laboratory, MAPEI Sport Research Center, Castellanza (VA), Italy. [email protected]
Sports medicine
(Auckland, N.Z.) (2007), 37(1), 59-71. Journal code: 8412297. ISSN:0112-1642. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed
ID 17190536 AN 2006753789 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Mountain biking is a popular outdoor recreational activity and an Olympic sport. Cross-country circuit races have a
winning time of approximately equal 120 minutes and are performed at an average heart rate close to 90% of the
maximum, corresponding to 84% of maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max). More than 80% of race time is spent above
the lactate threshold. This very high exercise intensity is related to the fast starting phase of the race; the several climbs,
forcing off-road cyclists to expend most of their effort going against gravity; greater rolling resistance; and the isometric
contractions of arm and leg muscles necessary for bike handling and stabilisation. Because of the high power output
(up to 500W) required during steep climbing and at the start of the race, anaerobic energy metabolism is also likely to
be a factor of off-road cycling and deserves further investigation. Mountain bikers' physiological characteristics
indicate that aerobic power (VO2max >70 mL/kg/min) and the ability to sustain high work rates for prolonged periods
of time are prerequisites for competing at a high level in off-road cycling events. The anthropometric characteristics of
mountain bikers are similar to climbers and all-terrain road cyclists. Various parameters of aerobic fitness are
correlated to cross-country performance, suggesting that these tests are valid for the physiological assessment of
competitive mountain bikers, especially when normalised to body mass. Factors other than aerobic power and capacity
might influence off-road cycling performance and require further investigation. These include off-road cycling
economy, anaerobic power and capacity, technical ability and pre-exercise nutritional strategies.
Bibliographic Information
Diet and physical activity in patients with type 1 diabetes.
Iafusco Dario Department of Paediatrics, Second
University of Naples, Naples, Italy. [email protected] Acta bio-medica : Atenei Parmensis (2006), 77 Suppl 1
41-6. Journal code: 101295064. ISSN:0392-4203. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review;
(REVIEW) written in English.
PubMed ID 16918070 AN 2006493521
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Patients with type 1 diabetes require adequate amounts of macronutrients to support their training and sustain
performance during regular exercise and during competitions. A frequent goal in competitive sports is to improve
performance, and athletes may resort to a number of practices that can adversely affect blood glucose control and health
in general in an attempt to gain a competitive advantage. These may include unsafe dietary patterns, and the use of
nutritional supplements, other ergogenic aids and illegal substances. In this paper we review data on the relationship
between insulin therapy and needs of single macronutrients before, during and after regular and competitive exercise in
young subjects and athletes with type 1 diabetes. We also list nutrition integrators, available in the gymnasium or as
over-the-counter drugs, which are increasingly being used by athletes, and describe their interactions with diabetes.
42
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Intensification of the aerobic bioremediation of an actual site soil historically contaminated by polychlorinated
biphenyls (PCBs) through bioaugmentation with a non acclimated, complex source of microorganisms.
Di
Toro Sara; Zanaroli Giulio; Fava Fabio
DICASM, Faculty of Engineering, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of
Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, I-40136 Bologna, Italy. [email protected]
Microbial cell factories
(2006), 5 11. Journal code: 101139812. E-ISSN:1475-2859. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in
English.
PubMed ID 16549016 AN 2006248969
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of
Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The biotreatability of actual-site polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated soils is often limited
by their poor content of autochthonous pollutant-degrading microorganisms. In such cases, inoculation might be the
solution for a successful bioremediation. Some pure and mixed cultures of characterized PCB degrading bacteria have
been tested to this purpose. However, several failures have been recorded mostly due to the inability of inoculated
microbes to compete with autochthonous microflora and to face the toxicity and the scarcity of nutrients occurring in
the contaminated biotope. Complex microbial systems, such as compost or sludge, normally consisting of a large
variety of robust microorganisms and essential nutrients, would have better chances to succeed in colonizing degraded
contaminated soils. However, such sources of microorganisms have been poorly applied in soil bioremediation and in
particular in the biotreatment of soil with PCBs. Thus, in this study the effects of Enzyveba, i.e. a consortium of nonadapted microorganisms developed from composted material, on the slurry- and solid-phase aerobic bioremediation of
an actual-site, aged PCB-contaminated soil were studied. RESULTS: A slow and only partial biodegradation of lowchlorinated biphenyls, along with a moderate depletion of initial soil ecotoxicity, were observed in the not-inoculated
reactors. Enzyveba significantly increased the availability and the persistence of aerobic PCB- and chlorobenzoic aciddegrading cultivable bacteria in the bioreactors, in particular during the earlier phase of treatment. It also markedly
enhanced PCB-biodegradation rate and extent (from 50 to 100%) as well as the final soil detoxification, in particular
under slurry-phase conditions.
Taken together, data obtained suggest that Enzyveba enhanced the biotreatability of the selected soil by providing
exogenous bacteria and fungi able to remove inhibitory or toxic intermediates of PCB biodegradation and/or exogenous
nutrients able to sustain microorganisms in charge for PCB mineralization. CONCLUSION: Enzyveba appears a
promising agent for bioaugmenting actual-site PCB-polluted soils with a native low content of indigenous specialized
microflora. This not only for its positive effects on the soil biotreatability but also for its availability on the market at a
relatively low cost.
Bibliographic Information
Towards the advancement of the Mediterranean food cultures. Dernini Sandro Forum on Mediterranean Food
Culture, Rome, Italy. [email protected] Public health nutrition (2006), 9(1A), 103-4. Journal code: 9808463.
ISSN:1368-9800. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English.
PubMed ID 16512955 AN 2006126980
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The Forum on Mediterranean Food Cultures has the purpose to foster an interdisciplinary dialogue to acknowledge the
underestimated role of the Mediterranean diet and of the Mediterranean food cultures for an effective sustainable
development in the Mediterranean. It is addressed towards the achievement of food security and a broader nutritional
well-being in the entire Mediterranean area. The Forum uses a creative approach for the development of communitybased programmes to manage the emerging trend of childhood overweight and obesity, as well as to reduce the
increasing erosion of the Mediterranean food cultural heritage.
Bibliographic Information
Teleoperation support for early human planetary missions.
43
Genta Giancarlo; Perino Maria Antonietta
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy. [email protected] Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (2005),
1065 271-84. Journal code: 7506858. ISSN:0077-8923. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 16510414 AN 2006123357
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A renewed interest in human exploration is flourishing among all the major spacefaring nations. In fact, in the complex
scene of planned future space activities, the development of a Moon base and the human exploration of Mars might
have the potential to renew the enthusiasm in expanding the human presence beyond the boundaries of Earth. Various
initiatives have been undertaken to define scenarios and identify the required infrastructures and related technology
innovations. The typical proposed approach follows a multistep strategy, starting with a series of precursor robotic
missions to acquire further knowledge of the planet and to select the best potential landing sites, and evolving toward
more demanding missions for the development of a surface infrastructure necessary to sustain human presence. The
technologies involved in such a demanding enterprise range from typical space technologies, like transportation and
propulsion, automation and robotics, rendezvous and docking, entry/reentry, aero-braking, navigation, and deep space
communications, to human-specific issues like physiology, psychology, behavioral aspects, and nutritional science for
long-duration exposure, that go beyond the traditional boundaries of space activities. Among the required elements to
support planetary exploration, both for the precursor robotic missions and to sustain human exploration, rovers and
trucks play a key role. A robust level of autonomy will need to be secured to perform preplanned operations,
particularly for the surface infrastructure development, and a teleoperated support, either from Earth or from a local
base, will enhance the in situ field exploration capability.
Bibliographic Information
Gut-trophic feed additives and their effects upon the gut structure and intestinal metabolism. State of the art in
the pig, and perspectives towards humans. Domeneghini C; Di Giancamillo A; Arrighi S; Bosi G Department of
Veterinary Sciences and Technologies for Food Safety, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
[email protected] Histology and histopathology (2006), 21(3), 273-83. Journal code: 8609357. EISSN:1699-5848. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English.
PubMed ID 16372249 AN 2005683273
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The correct functional development of the gastrointestinal tract is of special importance during the neonatal and
weaning phases of reared piglets. Nutrition is obviously a critical determinant in the growth of the gut in the young
swine. The mucosal epithelium of the small intestine is reputed anatomically and functionally immature in neonatal
pigs, a feature that appears to be exacerbated at weaning, when a colonization of the gut occurs by "new"
microorganisms entering the alimentary canal with the solid feed. This frequently exposes piglets to diarrhoeic
syndromes and other intestinal disturbances. Functional feed additives, also called nutraceuticals, appear as promising
alternative substances to the use of chemotherapeutics as growth promoters in the rearing farm, above all considering
the near banning of them by the European Parliament in the view of reducing antibiotic resistance phenomena in human
therapies. Several feed additives are available that may play a role in the pig nutritional plan because of their trophic
and cyto-protective effects on the gastrointestinal apparatus. Paying special attention to the quantitative consequences
(histometry) upon the gut of the examined dietary supplements, this review, even if not fully exhaustive, will focus on
the function (and possibly the mechanism/s of action) of certain gut-trophic nutrient substrates. This in turn will sustain
the potential use of these substances in human therapy, especially the one directed at resolving intestinal diseases, both
in adult and infant ages. In nutritional studies as well as in other biomedical research fields, the swine is an excellent
animal model.
Bibliographic Information
The social and environmental dimensions of nutrition science.
Pettoello-Mantovani Massimo
Institute of
Pediatrics, University of Foggia, Italy. [email protected]
Public health nutrition (2005), 8(6A), 749-52.
44
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Journal code: 9808463. ISSN:1368-9800. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW)
written in English. PubMed ID 16236211 AN 2005560857 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library
of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To emphasise the importance of defining a new nutrition science and food policy that includes social and
environmental dimensions. DESIGN: Nutrition science and food policy is put in the context of sustainable
development. Examples are presented to show that a number of factors including exploitation of resources, disrespect
for land and food insecurity contribute to the decline of a culture. The fate of cultures that lack implemented
sustainable development strategies is discussed. CONCLUSION: Pressure from low-income and economically
challenged countries combined with the efforts of not-for-profit private institutions is proposed. The goal is to produce
and provide science-based evidence and guidelines to be used as a tool to encourage institutions and organisations to
redefine their policies to deal effectively with global issues.
Bibliographic Information
Functional foods in the management of obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Riccardi Gabriele; Capaldo Brunella;
Vaccaro Olga Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University, Medical School, Naples,
Italy. [email protected] Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care (2005), 8(6), 630-5. Journal code:
9804399. ISSN:1363-1950. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T);
General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 16205464 AN 2005528769 MEDLINE (Copyright (C)
2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to evaluate food properties able to influence specific physiological
targets that may be helpful for the prevention and management of overweight and diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS:
Observational and intervention studies have clearly shown that type 2 diabetes can be prevented by lifestyle measures,
including reduced energy intake to induce a modest but sustained weight reduction, together with changes in diet
composition. SUMMARY: Foods can be regarded as functional if proven to affect beneficially one or more target
functions in the body, beyond adequate nutritional effects, in a way relevant to improved state of health and well-being,
reduction of risk of diseases, or both. Functional foods might have a particularly high impact for prevention or
treatment of overweight and diabetes for which, more than in many other fields, the link between nutrition, biological
responses and diseases is clearly established. Functional foods for obesity should be able to influence the energy
balance equation regulated by the control of energy intake or of energy dissipated as heat (thermogenesis). For
prevention of type 2 diabetes, several unmodified foods with functional properties have already been identified (low
saturated fat products, vegetables, fruit, wholegrain foods, low glycemic index starchy foods). Overall, the available
evidence on functional foods so far identified in this field is incomplete: the major gap is the lack of diet-based
intervention trials of sufficient duration to be relevant for the natural history of diseases like overweight and diabetes.
Bibliographic Information
Food aid in emergencies and public health nutrition.
Bhatia Rita; Thorne-Lyman Andrew
World Food
Programme, Rome, Italy
Forum of nutrition (2003), 56 391-4. Journal code: 101194770. ISSN:1660-0347.
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 15806950 AN
2005174783 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
HUNGER LEAVES SCARS: The visible kind may be born by the survivors of famine. Less visible, but all the more
damaging, are the long-term effects of hunger that run through families through generations. Hunger passed from
mother to child represents a ruinous inheritance. It marks a cycle of hunger that transcends generations, unless the cycle
is broken. Food aid provided at crucial times in the lives of women and infants represents an investment for future.
Thus, in contrast to former conceptions of food aid as an exclusively life-saving vehicle, modern aims of food aid also
45
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 include preventing increases in the prevalence of malnutrition and asset depletion. Mass migration and food shortages
have been responsible for most deaths following civil conflicts around the world. The most visible form of migration
occurs when people cross international borders. The reasons for the flight of refugees and internally displaced persons
are generally same; war, civil strife, and persecution. "NUTRITIONAL GATEWAYS": Finally, the importance of
timely and sustained delivery of adequate food aid adequate in quality and quantity to people in dire need during the
emergency is paramount. Food aid is the most direct means for conveying nutritional benefits: the time frame is often
limited, sustainability is not an issue. However, in the case of drought victims, refugees or displaced people, the
nutritional situation and the actions needed are more complex. In many situations people arrive are often in very bad
state. While high prevalence of malnutrition is associated with inadequate food rations, in some situation malnutrition
developed primarily because of the high incidence of diarrhoeal diseases. The synergism between high malnutrition
and increased incidence of communicable diseases explains much of excess mortality seen in refugee and displaced
persons.
Bibliographic Information
The issues of energy and carbon cycle: new perspectives for assessing the environmental impact of animal waste
utilization.
Ceotto E Istituto Sperimentale Agronomico, Sezione di Modena, Viale Caduti in Guerra 134, 41100
Modena, Italy. [email protected]
Bioresource technology (2005), 96(2), 191-6. Journal code: 9889523.
ISSN:0960-8524. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T); General
Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 15381215 AN 2004469538 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008
U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This paper focuses on the benefits of an efficient use of animal waste from the standpoint of curbing the rise of
anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO(2)) in the atmosphere. An effective use of animal waste resources might provide a
partial, but still important, contribution in reducing net CO(2) emissions. In particular: the fulfillment of nutrient
requirements of crop plants growing in non-limiting conditions and thus sequestering CO(2) at their potential level; the
chance of diminishing the use of fossil energy, and related CO(2) emissions, required for manufacturing industrial
fertilizers; the possibility of enhancing carbon sequestration in agricultural soils by the application of farmyard manure.
The future success of agriculture in providing these ecosystem services can only be achieved with a changed social
awareness of the links between sustainable land use and global environmental change.
Bibliographic Information
Food and health in Europe: a new basis for action.
Robertson Aileen; Tirado Cristina; Lobstein Tim; Jermini
Marco; Knai Cecile; Jensen Jorgen H; Ferro-Luzzi Anna; James W P
National Research Institute for Food and
Nutrition, WHO Collaborating Centre for Nutrition, Rome, Italy
WHO regional publications. European series
(2004), (96), i-xvi, 1-385, back cover. Journal code: 7612236. ISSN:0378-2255. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed
ID 15038063 AN 2004145423 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Poor nutrition, foodborne disease and lack of secure access to good food make an important contribution to the burden
of disease and death in the WHO European Region. Better diets, food safety and food security will not only reduce or
prevent suffering to individuals and societies but also help cut costs to health care systems and bring social and
economic benefits to countries. People's chances for a healthy diet depend less on individual choices than on what food
is available and whether it is affordable. Policies to benefit health through good food and nutrition must extend beyond
the health sector to include sectors ranging from agriculture and food processing, manufacturing and trade to transport,
retailing, catering and advertising. Food and nutrition policies should be coordinated so that public health is given due
priority in the making of food policies by non-health sectors. This publication discusses in depth the components of
food and nutrition policies and the evidence supporting them. It describes food- and nutrition-related ill health and its
costs, shows the need for action and describes the steps for decision-makers to take. This book highlights the urgent
need for integrated, multisectoral food and nutrition policies to encourage the sustainable production of food, its safety
46
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 and the provision of food of high nutritional quality for all.
Bibliographic Information
Body composition and hip fracture type in elderly women. Di Monaco M; Vallero F; Di Monaco R; Mautino F;
Cavanna A Presidio Sanitario San Camillo, Centro Studio Osteoporosi, Strada Santa Margherita 136, 10131, Torino,
Italy. [email protected] Clinical rheumatology (2004), 23(1), 6-10. Journal code: 8211469. ISSN:07703198. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 14749973 AN 2004048247
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Many observations support the view that there are significant differences between patients sustaining trochanteric
fractures and those sustaining cervical fractures of the hip. Our aim was to evaluate the association between soft tissue
composition (fat and lean compartments) and the type of hip fracture sustained. Of 120 consecutive women affected by
their first hip fracture admitted to our rehabilitation hospital 102 were included in this cross-sectional study. Body
composition was assessed by DXA. Body fat mass was lower in the women with trochanteric fracture than in those
with cervical fracture (difference between groups: 2.86 kg; 95% CI 0.10-5.61 kg; p=0.042). The percentage of fat was
30.75+/-8.77 (mean+/-SD) versus 34.75+/-7.29 (difference between groups: 4.00; 95% CI 0.84-7.16; p=0.014). In
contrast, no meaningful differences in body lean mass were shown between the two groups. Logistic multiple
regression showed that fat mass was associated with the type of fracture independently of age, height, weight, time
between fracture occurrence and DEXA assessment, comorbidity, number of drugs in use, lean mass and bone mineral
content. The logistic regression results were similar when fat percentage was substituted for fat mass. The data show
that fat but not lean body mass is associated with the type of hip fracture, contributing to the definition of the
differences between patients sustaining cervical or trochanteric fractures. We stress the importance of distinguishing
the two types of fracture when clinical or epidemiological studies related to body composition, including those
regarding nutrition or physical exercise, are performed.
Bibliographic Information
Ventilation effects on air quality and on the yield and quality of ewe milk in winter. Sevi A; Taibi L; Albenzio
M; Caroprese M; Marino R; Muscio A Dipartimento PRIME, Facolta di Agraria, Via Napoli, 25, 71100 Foggia, Italy.
[email protected]
Journal of dairy science (2003), 86(12), 3881-90. Journal code: 2985126R. ISSN:0022-0302.
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 14740823 AN 2004040574 MEDLINE
(Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The effects of ventilation on air quality, and on the welfare and production performance of dairy ewes were assessed in
a 6-wk trial conducted during the winter of 2002. Thirty-six midlactation Comisana ewes were divided into three
groups of 12, which were randomly balanced for parity, time of lambing, and number of lambs suckled. Treatments
were low (LOV), moderate (MOV), and programmed ventilation regimen (PROV). In LOV and MOV rooms, fans
provided 10 ventilation cycles of 40 min each at a fan speed of 1 and 2 m/s, respectively. In the PROV room, the fan
was programmed to maintain a 70% relative humidity. Mean ventilation rates were 23, 47, and 73 m3/h per ewe in
LOV, MOV, and PROV rooms, respectively. Air concentrations of microorganisms and dust, and of gaseous pollutants
were measured twice weekly. Cell-mediated immune response to phytohemagglutinin at d 1, 21 and 42, and humoral
response to chicken egg albumin at d 11, 21, 30, and 40 were determined. At d 39, ewes were injected with 2 IU of
porcine adreno-corticotropic-hormone/kg body weight(0.75), and subjected to blood sampling for evaluation of cortisol
concentrations immediately before and 1, 2, and 4 h after adreno-corticotrophic-hormone injection. Milk yield was
recorded daily. Individual milk samples were analyzed weekly for composition, renneting parameters, and somatic cell
count. The LOV treatment resulted in higher air concentrations of NH3 and CO2 than the MOV and PROV treatments.
Greater amounts of total and respirable dust were found in the PROV room than in the LOV and the MOV rooms. The
LOV ewes had lower milk yield than the PROV ewes, lower milk casein content, and higher rate of clot formation than
the MOV and PROV ewes. The ventilation regimen did not affect the immune and endocrine responses of the ewes.
Results suggest that an intermittent ventilation regimen, providing a mean ventilation rate of 47 m3/h per ewe at a fan
47
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 speed of 2 m/s, is required to sustain the yield and cheese-making ability of ewe milk during the winter season.
Bibliographic Information
Exercise physiology in COPD.
Antonucci R; Berton E; Huertas A; Laveneziana P; Palange P
Servizio di
Fisiopatologia Respiratoria, Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica, Universita La Sapienza, Roma, v.le Universita, 37,
00185 Roma, Italy
Monaldi archives for chest disease = Archivio Monaldi per le malattie del torace / Fondazione
clinica del lavoro, IRCCS [and] Istituto di clinica tisiologica e malattie apparato respiratorio, Universita di Napoli,
Secondo ateneo (2003), 59(2), 134-9. Journal code: 9307314. ISSN:1122-0643. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 14635502 AN 2003556213 MEDLINE
(Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Multiple mechanisms contribute to exercise limitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The ability to
increase ventilation during exercise is reduced; the more advanced the disease, the more impaired the exercise tolerance
is. However, factors other than ventilatory limitation play an important role in reducing the exercise capacity in COPD.
Data implicating peripheral muscle atrophy and muscle weakness as cofactors have been reported in individuals with
advanced disease. At this stage daily activities are curtailed to avoid exertional respiratory discomfort. Recent studies
have demonstrated that the muscle aerobic capacity of stable hypoxemic COPD patients is impaired; oxygen uptake
(V'O2) kinetics and 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies have shown that these patients rely heavily on nonaerobic energy sources even during moderate, sustained workloads. Finally, early occurrence of metabolic acidosis has
been demonstrated in patients with mild to severe COPD during exercise. Inadequate tissue oxygenation appears to
result from a defect in peripheral oxygen utilization rather than from a reduction in O2 bulk flow. Peripheral factors
may include: a) impaired diffusive conductance for O2 between red cells and mitochondria; b) heterogeneous
distribution of O2 bulk flow within the exercising muscle fibers; c) inertia of the oxidative processes at the cellular
level; d) changes in distribution of muscle fibers, e) reduction in muscle aerobic enzymes; and f) poor nutritional status.
Since muscle dysfunction has an important role in the development of exercise intolerance, physical rehabilitation is
more and more used as part of the treatment of COPD. The aim of this review is to briefly discuss current views on the
mechanisms responsible for the reduced ability to exercise and the rationale for exercise rehabilitation in COPD
patients.
Bibliographic Information
Three-week integrated body weight reduction programme markedly improves performance and work capacity
in severely obese patients. Sartorio A; Ottolini S; Agosti F; Massarini M; Lafortuna C L Laboratorio Sperimentale
di Ricerche Endocrinologiche, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Milan, Italy. [email protected] Eating and
weight disorders : EWD (2003), 8(2), 107-13. Journal code: 9707113. ISSN:1124-4909. Journal; Article;
(JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 12880187
AN 2003347764 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The aim of this study was to assess the effects on performance and work capacity of a short-term (3-week) integrated
body weight reduction programme consisting of an energy-restricted diet, nutritional education, psychological
counselling and aerobic exercise training at a constant metabolic load (5 days/week) in 71 severely obese patients (18
males and 53 females aged 29.3 +/- 0.8 years, with a mean weight of 113.8 +/- 2.2 kg and a mean BMI of 41.3 +/- 0.5
kg/m(-2)). Body mass and composition, and maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) were determined before and
after the programme. The caloric equivalent of work output and a performance index (PI) during 10 min of bicycle
ergometer pedalling (50-60 rpm) and 20 min of treadmill walking (incline 0-3%) at a constant metabolic load (50% of
individual VO2max during the preliminary conditioning period--1st week--and 60% during the exercise conditioning
period--2nd and 3rd week) were evaluated daily throughout the study. After the programme, body mass reduced
significantly (-4.5%, p<0.001), the weight loss being sustained entirely by a significant reduction in fat mass (-7.6%,
p<0.001) without any significant changes in fat-free mass. Absolute and body mass-related VO2max significantly
increased by respectively 14.5% and 20.2% (p<0.001). Both daily work output during constant metabolic load
48
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 (ANOVA, p<0.05-0.001) and PI (ANOVA, p<0.05-0.001) increased significantly during each week of the programme,
leading to a total increase in work output in response to exercise conditioning of 44.6 +/- 5.8 kcal. It is concluded that
the changes in exercise capacity induced by the present programme offer significant advantages for obese patients that
can be quantified in terms of an improvement in their ability to perform everyday activities, thus contributing towards
improving their quality of life.
Bibliographic Information
Effect of a multidisciplinary program of weight reduction on endothelial functions in obese women.
Nicoletti
G; Giugliano G; Pontillo A; Cioffi M; D'Andrea F; Giugliano D; Esposito K Chair of Plastic and Reconstructive
Surgery, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
Journal of endocrinological investigation (2003), 26(3), RC58. Journal code: 7806594. ISSN:0391-4097. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed
ID 12809165 AN 2003281720 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing atherosclerosis and atherosclerotic lesions are essentially an
inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a medically supervised, multidisciplinary
weight loss program on endothelial functions and circulating levels of proinflammatory cytokines in obese women.
Twenty healthy pre-menopausal obese women and 20 age-matched normal weight women were studied. Endothelial
functions were assessed by evaluating the response of blood pressure and platelet aggregation to an intravenous bolus of
L-arginine (3 g), the natural precursor of nitric oxide. In obese women, the vascular and rheological responses to Larginine were significantly lower (p < 0.05) at baseline, as compared with non-obese women, indicating endothelial
dysfunction; on the contrary, basal concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)
were significantly higher (p < 0.01). After one year of a multidisciplinary program of weight reduction consisting of
diet, exercise and liposuction surgery, all obese women lost at least 10% of their original weight (10.5 +/- 1.7 kg, range
7.9-13.9 kg). Compared with baseline, sustained weight loss was associated with reduction of cytokine (p < 0.01)
concentrations and with improvement of vascular responses to L-arginine. In conclusion, a multidisciplinary approach
aimed at inducing a sustained reduction of body weight in obese women is feasible and is associated with improvement
of endothelial functions and reduction of circulating proinflammatory cytokine concentrations.
Bibliographic Information
Nutritional status in childhood malignancies.
Schiavetti Amalia; Fornari Christiana; Bonci Enea; Clerico Anna;
Guidi Roberto Department of Pediatrics, University of Rome La Sapienza, 00161 Rome, Italy. [email protected]
Nutrition and cancer (2002), 44(2), 153-5. Journal code: 7905040. ISSN:0163-5581. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 12734061 AN 2003213612
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In children affected by tumor, nutritional status is important to sustain aggressive chemotherapy and to support normal
growth during and after therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of nutritional status disorders
in a sample of pediatric oncology day-hospital patients. We measured weight and height in patients affected by solid
tumors on or off therapy at short-term follow-up (1-24 mo). The study was performed at a pediatric oncology dayhospital over a period of 20 consecutive days. A suitable computer package was used to estimate relative body weight
(%RBW) and body mass index (BMI) for each patient. Thereafter, the same sample was divided into four weight
classes (underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese) according to %RBW and BMI. Moreover, patients were
divided into two groups: on and off therapy. In the off-therapy group, no patient was underweight; in the on-therapy
group, 26.3% and 15.8% of patients were underweight (not significant) according to %RBW and BMI, respectively.
The prevalence of overweight (overweight ++obese) according to %RBW was 36.9% in the on-therapy group and
52.9% in the off-therapy group (P < 0.05); whereas the prevalence of overweight according to BMI was 21% in the ontherapy group and 35.3% in the off-therapy group (P = 0.05). These preliminary data suggest that, in pediatric
oncology, nutritional assessment is required to provide nutritional strategies in on-therapy patients whose underweight
status prevalence is impressive or in off-therapy children in whom the causes of overweight should be explored.
49
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Obesity, heart failure and sudden death. Contaldo F; Pasanisi F; Finelli C; de Simone G Interuniversities Center
for Studies and Research on Obesity and Eating Disorders (CISRO), Clinical Nutrition, Department of Clinical and
Experimental Medicine, Federico II University, Via Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy. [email protected]
Nutrition,
metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD (2002), 12(4), 190-7. Journal code: 9111474. ISSN:0939-4753.
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 12514939 AN
2003009094 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
AIM: To review the direct unfavourable effect of obesity, the most prevalent nutritional and metabolic disease
worldwide, on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. DATA SYNTHESIS: Obesity is associated with high chronic
cardiac workload due to the need to supply more blood to peripheral tissue. The high cardiac output is mainly a
consequence of the greater requirements of increased lean body mass, and is maintained by an increased stroke volume
and high normal heart rate, and sustained by an increase in ventricular mass. The increase in left ventricular (LV) mass
also implies an increase in non-muscular tissue that plays a role in the development of electrical abnormalities, heart
failure and sudden death. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity per se is a major risk factor for heart failure. Obesity-related LV
hypertrophy is in turn associated with varying degrees of systolic and diastolic dysfunction that are not easily
recognisable using traditional methods, but are potentially reversible after appropriate, stable moderate weight loss.
Bibliographic Information
Food-based strategies to meet the challenges of micronutrient malnutrition in the developing world. Tontisirin
Kraisid; Nantel Guy; Bhattacharjee Lalita Food and Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations, FAO-ESNA, C-244 Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy
The Proceedings of the
Nutrition Society (2002), 61(2), 243-50. Journal code: 7505881. ISSN:0029-6651. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 12133206 AN 2002384311 MEDLINE
(Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The purpose of the present paper is to review the evidence in favour of food-based strategies to meet the challenges of
micronutrient malnutrition in the developing world. Increasing dietary diversification is the most important factor in
providing a wide range of micronutrients, and to achieve this objective in a development context requires an adequate
supply, access and consumption of a variety of foods. Diets in developing countries generally lack many nutrients,
including energy (inadequate amounts of food), so that strategies need to also emphasize an increase in total food
intake, in addition to a greater variety. Agricultural and food policies tend to be oriented to primary agricultural
productions, but they could also be formulated to promote and support home gardens and small livestock production for
the explicit purpose of increasing the household consumption of micronutrient-rich foods. The adoption of 'desirable'
dietary patterns for nutrition improvement, e.g. appropriately formulated to meet micronutrient needs, could be used in
the formulation of agricultural policies and programmes. This process could be achieved through support for integrated
farming systems oriented to assuring household food security, but also based on a variety of foods that will meet total
dietary (including micronutrient) needs. Thus, availability of energy-rich staples, animal and/or fish as major sources of
protein, and vitamin-, mineral- and phytonutrient-rich fruit and vegetables could constitute the types of production
envisaged. The cultivation of edible indigenous plants as additional sources of micronutrients could also be added. The
low bioavailability of some key micronutrients from foods, such as Fe, are substantially enhanced with the right food
combinations and with appropriate food processing and preparation techniques. Simple appropriate technology for the
preservation of micronutrient-rich foods would need further development and promotion for their year-round
availability.
Linking community development policies to national programmes for the alleviation of hunger and malnutrition, with
an emphasis on increasing the variety of foods consumed, is probably the best strategy for improving micronutrient
malnutrition sustainably.
50
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Policy and sustainability issues. Nantel Guy; Tontisirin Kraisid Food and Nutrition Division, FAO, Rome, Italy
00100. [email protected] The Journal of nutrition (2002), 132(4 Suppl), 839S-44S. Journal code: 0404243.
ISSN:0022-3166. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T); General
Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 11925493 AN 2002192488 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008
U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The need for combined and integrated strategies to address iron deficiency is widely recognized, utilizing targeted
supplementation, as well as food based strategies including both fortified and nonfortified foods. The challenge is not
so much knowing "what" to do as is understanding "how" to implement effective and sustainable interventions.
Because the causes of iron and other micronutrient deficiencies are complex, including inadequate food intake,
unsanitary conditions and inadequate health services, the solutions may also be complex, requiring multisectoral and
interdisciplinary approaches. Top-down strategies are unlikely to be effective and sustainable. Rather, the beneficiaries
of the program at the community level must be able to understand malnutrition in simple terms, to envisage potential
solutions and to become "demanders" of services. The experience in Thailand provides an example of a country-wide,
community-based and participatory approach utilizing facilitators and motivators at the local level to implement and
sustain interventions. The experience in Thailand indicates the potential for developing effective and sustainable
interventions to address iron deficiency and other micronutrient problems as part of a broad, community-based effort.
Bibliographic Information
Teaching and training programme on carbohydrate counting in Type 1 diabetic patients.
Bruttomesso D;
Pianta A; Crazzolara D; Capparotto C; Dainese E; Zurlo C; Minicuci N; Briani G; Tiengo A Department of Clinical
and Experimental Medicine, University of Padova, Italy. [email protected]
Diabetes, nutrition &
metabolism (2001), 14(5), 259-67. Journal code: 8813443. ISSN:0394-3402. (EVALUATION STUDIES); Journal;
Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 11806466 AN 2002080208 MEDLINE (Copyright
(C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Carbohydrates (CHO) are a major determinant of post-prandial blood glucose in the diet of people with Type 1 diabetes
mellitus, but patients frequently fail to evaluate CHO food content. Poor education is thought to contribute heavily to
this failure. Our aim was to plan and evaluate a simple educational program to improve dietary knowledge and teach
how to count CHO in Type 1 diabetic subjects. Forty-eight patients (age 27+/-1 yr, diabetes duration 11+/-1 yr, HbA1c
9%) attended 4 interactive meetings held at monthly intervals. The targets of the course were: 1) to identify sources of
CHO, fats and proteins; 2) to count CHO and to split them among meals; 3) to assume CHO-rich foods without
changing daily calorie or carbohydrate intake; 4) to modify the diet so as to correct hypoglycaemic events. To evaluate
the effect of the course, patients completed a 7-day food record and answered a questionnaire covering the targets of the
course at baseline, at the end of the course and 7 months later. After the course dietary knowledge improved
significantly. The number of patients who weighed foods, estimated CHO food content and correctly distributed CHO
among meals also increased. After the course patients reacted better when faced with hypoglycaemia. The knowledge
acquired persisted 7 months after the end of the course. Therefore, we conclude that a simple teaching program can
improve diet knowledge in Type 1 diabetics and establish a sustained habit of counting CHO.
Bibliographic Information
Irreversible intestinal failure, nutrition support, and small bowel transplantation.
Dionigi P; Alessiani M;
Ferrazi A
Department of Surgery, Universita degli Studi dell'Insubria, Varese, Italy
Nutrition (Burbank, Los
Angeles County, Calif.) (2001), 17(9), 747-50. Journal code: 8802712. ISSN:0899-9007. Journal; Article;
(JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 11527671 AN 2001486184
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
51
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is a palliative but life-saving treatment for patients with
irreversible intestinal failure (IIF). During the past few years, intestinal transplantation (ITx) has become the most
realistic alternative to TPN. METHODS: We identified potential candidates for ITx, reported clinical data of the
international Intestinal Transplant Registry, and analyzed the intestinal function after transplantation and the common
nutrition strategies usually adopted in the recipients. RESULTS: At present, candidates for ITx are patients with IIF
who develop a life-threatening complication during TPN treatment. During the past few years, clinical results have
improved mainly in relation to the progress in immunosuppression, but prevention of the acute cellular rejection (ACR)
is still the key point. ACR, high doses of immunosuppressant drugs, and intestinal bacterial translocation can
exacerbate intestinal malabsorption and sustain systemic complications such as sepsis and multiorgan failure. Early
enteral alimentation is started after ITx and gradually increased. To prevent dehydration and malnutrition caused by
persistent diarrhea, parenteral nutrition is frequently maintained for 1 to 2 mo. More than 66% of long-term recipients
become nutritionally independent of TPN. CONCLUSIONS: ITx is now a life-saving option for patients with IIF and
severe complications from TPN. Clinical and nutritional management of the recipients is a complex procedure and
requires a great deal of expertise. After transplantation most adults maintain adequate nutrition status and children have
normal growth. Multiple episodes of ACR, early and persistent dehydration, and malabsorption are still common
problems that influence the recipient's quality of life.
Bibliographic Information
The importance of leaf- and litter-feeding invertebrates as sources of animal protein for the Amazonian
Amerindians. Paoletti M G; Dufour D L; Cerda H; Torres F; Pizzoferrato L; Pimentel D Department of Biology,
Padova University, 35100 Padova, Italy. [email protected]
Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal
Society (2000), 267(1459), 2247-52. Journal code: 101245157. ISSN:0962-8452. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID 11413639 AN
2001351058 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
At least 32 Amerindian groups in the Amazon basin use terrestrial invertebrates as food. Leaf- and litter-consuming
invertebrates provide the more important, underestimated food sources for many Amerindian groups. Further, litterconsuming earthworms are also an important food resource for the Ye'Kuana (also known as Makiritare) in the Alto
Orinoco (Amazonas, Venezuela). By selecting these small invertebrates the Amerindians are choosing their animal
food from those food webs in the rainforest which have the highest energy flow and which constitute the greatest
renewable stock of readily available nutrients. Here we show that the consumption of leaf- and litter-feeding
invertebrates as a means of recovering protein, fat and vitamins by the forest-living peoples offers a new perspective for
the development of sustainable animal food production within the paradigm of biodiversity maintenance.
20 references were found when refined by Publication Year "-1999"
Bibliographic Information
Coupling nonpoint nitrate transport models to evaluate land use impacts on a lake trophic state.
Preti, F.;
Leone, A.; Garnier, M. Istituto di Genio Rurale, Universita della Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy. Editor(s): Feyen, Jan; Wiyo,
K.
Modelling of Transport Processes in Soils at Various Scales in Time and Skpace, International Workshop of
EurAgEng's Field of Interest on Soil and Water, Leuven, Nov. 24-26, 1999 (1999), 609-615. Publisher: Wageningen
Pers, Wageningen, Neth CODEN: 69BBAB Conference written in English. CAN 132:352267 AN 2000:355257
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The Vico Lake Basin is considered a case study to highlight how agricultural sustainability is fundamental for
52
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 environmental protection. An environmental concern for Vico Lake exists, due to great increases of nutrient concns.
occurring in the last 15 yr, almost totally due to nonpoint agricultural sources. To best manage the problem, it is
necessary to examine lake trophic state trends. NO3- transport from surrounding agricultural land was studied by
automatic monitoring and long time resoln. modeling. How a field scale simulation model, such as GLEAMS
(groundwater loading effects of agricultural management systems) can be used for larger scale studies (lake basin in this
case), thanks to coupling with a large-scale, semi-distributed simulation model was demonstrated. GLEAMS output
was used as input to the other model. Initial results seem encouraging, nevertheless, this method needs further exptl.
investigation for complete validation.
Bibliographic Information
Sustainable methods for a sustainable production of Peppermint (Mentha
piperita L.) essential oil.
Maffei,
Massimo. Dept. Plant Biology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. Journal of Essential Oil Research (1999), 11(3),
267-282. Publisher: Allured Publishing Corp., CODEN: JEOREG ISSN: 1041-2905. Journal; General Review
written in English. CAN 132:119830 AN 1999:739015 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 72 refs. Sustainable agriculture is a practice involving the management of resources for agriculture to
satisfy the human needs, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Peppermint
(Mentha
piperita L.) cultivation and essential oil prodn. is described in relation to soil and nutrients, pests and
pathogens, environmental factors, biotechnol. applications, cell and tissue culture and essential oil distn. Besides an
overview on the state of the art of peppermint cultivation and oil prodn., new results are presented on the intercropping
of peppermint with soybean and the selection of a new pest-resistant early blooming peppermint variety. The
application of sustainable agricultural and technol. methods for a sustainable peppermint oil prodn. is discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Timing of nitrogen uptake affects winter storage and spring remobilization of nitrogen in nectarine (Prunus
persica var. nectarina) trees.
Tagliavini, Massimo; Millard, Peter; Quartieri, Maurizio; Marangoni, Bruno.
Dipartimento di Colture Arboree, Universita di Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Plant and Soil (1999), 211(2), 149-153.
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, CODEN: PLSOA2 ISSN: 0032-079X. Journal written in English. CAN
131:350746 AN 1999:736119 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Two-year old nectarine trees (Prunus persica, Batsch, var. nectarina, cv. Starkredgold on GF305 rootstock) planted in
pots each received five applications of 1.0 g 15N labeled urea either from mid May to mid July (early uptake) or from
mid August to the beginning of Oct. (late uptake). All trees were supplied with a corresponding amt. of unlabeled urea
when they did not receive the labeled N. In autumn, all abscised leaves were collected and during winter randomly
selected trees were harvested and divided into main organs. The remaining trees were transplanted into similar pots
filled with sand; they received no N fertilizer and were harvested in May to evaluate the remobilization of N. Total N
and 15N abundance were detd. in each organ. Nectarine trees took up similar amts. of N in the "early" and in the "late"
period; however, more labeled nitrogen was recovered in the perennial organs during the winter when trees received the
labeled N in the "late" than in the "early" period. Some 73-80% of the N present in the dormant trees was stored in the
roots, which contained almost twice the amt. of labeled N taken up "late" than that absorbed "early". Nitrogen for
spring growth was remobilized predominantly from the roots and accounted for some 43-49% of the labeled N
recovered in the tree during winter. Results suggest that the nitrogen taken up "late" in the season is preferentially
stored in roots and used by peach trees to sustain new growth the following spring.
Bibliographic Information
Antioxidant vitamins and prevention of cardiovascular disease: Laboratory, epidemiological and clinical trial
data.
Marchioli, R.
Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology of Cardiovascular Disease, Istituto di Ricerche
Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Santa Maria, Italy. Pharmacological Research (1999), 40(3), 227-238. Publisher:
53
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Academic Press, CODEN: PHMREP ISSN: 1043-6618. Journal; General Review written in English.
132:150956 AN 1999:573469 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
CAN
Abstract
A review with 111 refs. Naturally occurring antioxidants like vitamin E, -carotene, and vitamin C can inhibit
oxidative modifications of low-d. lipoproteins. This can pos. influence the atherosclerotic process and progression of
coronary heart disease. Exptl. studies provide a rationale for the mechanisms of action of antioxidants, whereas
epidemiol. studies strongly sustain the antioxidant hypothesis. To data the clin. trials with -carotene supplements
have been disappointing and their use as a preventive intervention for cancer and coronary heart disease should be
discouraged. Only scant data from clin. trials are available for vitamin C. As for vitamin E, discrepant results have
been obtained in the -tocopherol and -carotene Cancer Prevention Study with low-dose vitamin E supplementation
(50 mg daily) and the Cambridge Heart Antioxidant Study (400-800 mg daily). Several current large-scale clin. trials
may help in clarifying the role of vitamin E in the prevention of atherosclerotic coronary disease. (c) 1999 The Italian
Pharmacological Society.
Bibliographic Information
Growth hormone bioactivity, insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), and IGF binding proteins in obese children.
Radetti, G.; Bozzola, M.; Pasquino, B.; Paganini, C.; Aglialoro, A.; Livieri, C.; Barreca, A. Department of Paediatrics,
Regional Hospital of Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy. Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental (1998), 47(12), 1490-1493.
Publisher: W. B. Saunders Co., CODEN: METAAJ ISSN: 0026-0495. Journal written in English.
CAN
130:166786 AN 1999:2683 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In obese children, both spontaneous and stimulated growth hormone (GH) secretion are impaired but a normal or
increased height velocity is usually obsd. This study was undertaken to explain the discrepancy between impaired GH
secretion and normal height velocity. We evaluated the GH bioactivity (GH-BIO), GH serum level by
immunofluorimetric assay (GH-IFMA), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), IGF-II, and IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP1), IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 in 21 prepubertal obese children (13 boys and eight girls) aged 5.7 to 9.4 yr affected by
simple obesity and in 32 (22 boys and 10 girls) age- and sex-matched normal-wt. controls. The results were as follows
(obese vs. [v] controls): GH-IFMA, 4.84 3.54 v 23.7 2.04 g/L (P < .001); GH-BIO, 0.60 0.45 v 1.84 0.15
U/mL (P < .001); IGF-I, 173.8 57.2 v 188.6 132.6 ng/mL (nonsignificant); IGF-II, 596.1 139.7 v 439.3 127.4
ng/mL (P < .001); IGFBP-1, 23.25
14.25 v 107
165.7 ng/mL (P < .05); IGFBP-2, 44.37
62.18 v 385.93
227.81 ng/mL (P < .001); IGFBP-3, 3.31 0.82 v 2.6 0.94 g/mL (P < .05); and IGFs/IGFBPs, 1.32 0.32 v 1.07
0.34 (P < .05). In conclusion, in prepubertal obese children, not only immunoreactive but also bioactive GH concns.
were low. In these subjects, therefore, nutritional factors and insulin may contribute to sustain normal growth also by
modulating several components of the IGF-IGFBP system.
Bibliographic Information
Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in adults receiving lipid-based home parenteral nutrition.
Pironi,
Loris; Ruggeri, Enrico; Zolezzi, Carola; Savarino, Lucia; Incasa, Elena; Belluzzi, Andrea; Munarini, Alessandra; Piazzi,
Sandro; Tolomelli, Maurizio; Pizzoferrato, Arturo; Miglioli, Mario. First Medical Clinic, the Department of Internal
Medicine and Gastroenterology, Saint Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Italy. American Journal of
Clinical Nutrition (1998), 68(4), 888-893. Publisher: American Society for Clinical Nutrition, CODEN: AJCNAC
ISSN: 0002-9165. Journal written in English. CAN 130:3368 AN 1998:649316 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Infusion of lipid emulsions rich in polyunsatd. fatty acids (PUFAs) may increase lipid peroxidn., which is counteracted
mainly by superoxide dismutase (SOD) (a zinc-, copper-, and manganese-dependent enzyme), selenium-dependent
glutathione peroxidase (Se-GSHPx), and -tocopherol. We investigated lipid peroxidn. and antioxidant status in
54
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) providing variable amts. of a lipid emulsion rich in PUFAs, and tocopherol, zinc, copper, and manganese as recommended by the American Medical Assocn., and no selenium. Serum
malondialdehyde, plasma -tocopherol, selenium, Se-GSHPx, PUFAs, and red blood cell Se-GSHPx and SOD were
evaluated in 12 patients and in 25 healthy control subjects. Malondialdehyde was also assessed in a group of 40 healthy
control subjects. Patients had significantly higher concns. of malondialdehyde and SOD and lower -tocopherol
concns. and selenium nutritional status. Linear regression anal. showed that malondialdehyde was assocd. with the
daily PUFA load (r = 0.69, P < 0.03) and with plasma -tocopherol (r = -0.59, P < 0.05), but stepwise multiple
regression anal. confirmed only the assocn. between malondialdehyde and -tocopherol; plasma -tocopherol was
assocd. with the daily PUFA load (r = -0.65, P < 0.04) and with the duration of HPN (r = -0.74, P < 0.02). In HPN
patients, the peroxidative stress due to lipid emulsions rich in PUFAs is counteracted primarily by -tocopherol. The
dosages of -tocopherol, zinc, copper, and manganese recommended by the American Medical Assocn. appear
sufficient to sustain SOD activity but inadequate to maintain -tocopherol nutritional status. HPN formulations should
be supplemented with selenium.
Bibliographic Information
Effect of sustained-release somatotropin on performance and grazing behavior of ewes housed at different
stocking rates.
D'Urso, G.; Avondo, M.; Bordonaro, S.; Marletta, D.; Guastella, A. M.
Istituto di Scienze e
Tecnologie delle Produzioni Animali, University of Catania, Catania, Italy. Journal of Dairy Science (1998), 81(4),
958-965. Publisher: American Dairy Science Association, CODEN: JDSCAE ISSN: 0022-0302. Journal written in
English. CAN 129:27487 AN 1998:295289 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This study evaluated the effects of recombinant bovine somatotropin (bST; Somidobove, Eli Lilly) on milk prodn. and
compn. and on the grazing behavior of 40 multiparous ewes in the third to fourth lactation. Two Comisana lactating
ewe groups were bST-untreated and grazed on natural pasture at low stocking d. (16 m2/d) or high stocking d. (8 m2/d),
and 2 groups were treated with bST (one 320-mg injection per ewe) and grazed at low or high stocking d. The ewes
were supplemented with vetch and oat hay (500 g/d) and conc. (500 g/d). The bST treatment increased milk prodn.
(923.8 vs. 669.5 g/d), but had little effect on milk fat and protein content. The bST increased forage intake and this
effect was more marked at the high stocking d. Under these grazing conditions, the bST-treated ewes reduced the
selective intake (grass botanical compn.) behavior and achieved good feed intake despite the low forage biomass
availability.
Bibliographic Information
Long term simulations of population dynamics of Ulva r. in the lagoon of Venice.
Solidoro, C.; Brando, V. E.;
Dejak, C.; Franco, D.; Pastres, R.; Pecenik, G. Department of Physical Chemistry, Section of Ecological Physical
Chemistry, University of Venice, Dorsoduro 2137, Venice, Italy. Ecological Modelling (1997), 102(2,3), 259-272.
Publisher: Elsevier, CODEN: ECMODT ISSN: 0304-3800. Journal written in English.
CAN 128:7064
AN
1997:711118 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The dynamic of macroalgae is implemented in a 3D transport-water-quality model of the central part of the Lagoon of
Venice. Ulva biomass d. and nitrogen concn. in Ulva tissue have been added to the set of state variables previously
considered, that is to phytoplankton and zooplankton densities, concns. of nutrients in water, detritus and dissolved
oxygen. The model shows that Ulva succeeds in the competition with the phytoplanktonic community in the shallower
areas, where water temp. and irradiance levels reaching the bottom are sufficient to sustain growth. Long term
evolutions of Ulva colonies, under different scenarios of forcing functions, show that adverse meteoclimatic conditions
can be more effective in reducing Ulva biomass than a consistent decrease in the loads of nitrogen.
Bibliographic Information
Acclimation to low water potential determines changes in membrane fatty acid composition and fluidity in
55
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 potato cells.
Leone, A.; Costa, A.; Grillo, S.; Tucci, M.; Horvath, I.; Vigh, L.
Research Centre Vegetable
Breeding, CNR, Portici, Italy. Plant, Cell and Environment (1996), 19(9), 1103-1109. Publisher: Blackwell,
CODEN: PLCEDV ISSN: 0140-7791. Journal written in English. CAN 125:270499 AN 1996:619601 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Potato (Solanum tuberosum) cells were gradually acclimated to grow at low water potential created by addn. of
increasing concns. of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 8000 to the nutrient medium. While growth of cells abruptly
transferred into a medium contg. 20% PEG was dramatically inhibited, under the same stress intensity gradually
acclimated cells were able to sustain active growth similarly to control unstressed cells. Gradual acclimation allowed
the maintenance of normal cellular and subcellular membrane structure at an osmotic potential of -2.sum.3 MPa, which
caused extended membrane disruption when applied to non-acclimated control cells. Anal. of fatty acids (FAs) from
control and acclimated cells revealed that the mol percentage compn. of the major extra-plastidial phospholipids (PLs)
was basically unchanged, but both phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) were more satd. in
acclimated cells. The decrease in unsatn. occurred primarily at the expense of linoleic acid (18:2) in the PE fraction. A
significant increase in the percentage content of palmitic acid (16:0) of the PE fraction was also detected in acclimated
cells. Membrane microviscosity, as detd. by diphenyl-hexatriene (DPH) labeling, was higher in PEG-acclimated cells,
as expected from the lower degree of unsatn. of membrane FAs found in acclimated cells. The steady-state transcript
levels of a 9-stearoyl-acyl carrier protein-desaturase and a 12-oleoyl-desaturase gene decreased in acclimated cells,
suggesting that the variation in the level of FA unsatn. was at least partially assocd. with down-regulation of the
expression of these genes.
Bibliographic Information
Role of amino acid transport system A in the control of cell volume in cultured human fibroblasts.
Gazzola,
Gian Carlo; Dall'Asta, Valeria; Nucci, Franca A.; Rossi, Patrizia A.; Bussolati, Ovidio; Hoffmann, Else K.; Guidotti,
Guido G. Ist. Patol. Gen., Univ. Parma, Parma, Italy. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry (1991), 1(3), 13142. CODEN: CEPBEW ISSN: 1015-8987. Journal written in English.
CAN 115:252911
AN 1991:652911
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Human fibroblasts shrink and are unable to recover their initial vol. when incubated in hypertonic saline solns., whereas
an efficient vol. restoration takes place in hypertonic media contg. substrates of the highly concentrative transport
system A (amino acids and methylamines). Amino acid substrates of barely concentrative transport systems are
ineffective in sustaining the vol. recovery. The activity of system A increases following incubation of fibroblasts under
conditions promoting cell shrinkage and decreases upon cell swelling. These results stress the role of system A in the
regulation of cell vol. Adaptive changes in the activity of system A are also induced by cell starvation and refeeding
(adaptive regulation). Cell starvation is assocd. with cell shrinkage, but cell refeeding is accompanied by cell swelling.
It is suggested that nutritional regulation and cell vol. control by system A may be part of a common regulatory
network.
Bibliographic Information
Pharmacological data on crinia-angiotensin II.
Erspamer, G. Falconieri; Nakajima, T.; Yasuhara, T. Inst. Med.
Pharmacol. I, Univ. Rome, Rome, Italy. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (1979), 31(10), 720. CODEN:
JPPMAB ISSN: 0022-3573. Journal written in English.
CAN 92:140901
AN 1980:140901
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
On various test systems, Crinia-angiotensin II (I) [72007-47-7] was approx. equiactive to 5-valine-angiotensin II amide
(II), with the exception of the isolated guinea pig gallbladder, on which it was more potent. Occasionally, I produced a
more sustained elevation of blood pressure. Relaxation of guinea pig gallbladder upon washing with nutrient liq. was
56
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 slightly retarded with I, in comparison to II. I differed from other angiotensins II in that Ala-Pro-Gly was attached to
the N-terminal aspartate residue and that an isoleucine residue replaced the usual valine residue at position 6 of the Cterminus.
Bibliographic Information
Nutritive characteristics of poultry litter: production of volatile fatty acids and utilization of components in the
semi-permeable artificial rumen.
Geri, Giancarlo; Sottini, Emanuele; Antongiovanni, Mauro.
Ist. Zootecn.,
Univ. Firenze, Florence, Italy. Alimentazione Animale (1970), 14(4), 21-35. CODEN: ALANAG ISSN: 00025429. Journal written in Italian. CAN 74:29595 AN 1971:29595 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Broiler litter contg. wood shavings, and previously used with good results in feeding young steers, was fermented in
vitro for 96 hr by using a continual flow semipermeable artificial rumen technique which closely simulated in vivo
conditions. The litter was capable of sustaining intense fermentative activity, producing amts. of volatile fatty acids
(VFA) which were comparable with the quantities obtained in the ruminal digestion of common feeds. More than 80%
of the total VFA was formed in the first 12 hr. It is probable that a substantial amt. of the VFA produced is derived by
the dynamic utilization of nitrogenous compds. Poultry litter appears to influence ruminal metabolism with increased
propionic acid formation. The litter is not particularly rich in available carbohydrates; the crude protein digestibility is
>87%, but it is unlikely that it is able to promote max. N retention.
Bibliographic Information
Demographic impact of vaccination: a review.
Bonanni P
Public Health and Epidemiology Department,
University of Florence, Viale G.B. Morgagni 48, 50134, Florence, Italy. [email protected]
Vaccine
(1999), 17 Suppl 3 S120-5. Journal code: 8406899. ISSN:0264-410X. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE);
General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 10559545 AN 2000027658 MEDLINE (Copyright (C)
2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Vaccination is one of the most powerful means to save lives and to increase the level of health of mankind. However,
the impact of immunization against the most threatening infectious agents on life expectancy has been the object of a
still open debate. The main issues are: the relative influence of nutrition and infectious diseases on demographic
patterns of populations; the possibility that lives saved thanks to vaccination are subsequently lost due to other
competing causes of death; the positive indirect effect of immunization on other causes of death. With regard to past
evidence, several data from the United Kingdom and Scandinavian countries show that the widespread use of smallpox
vaccination starting at the beginning of the nineteenth century resulted in a marked and sustained decline not only of
smallpox-related deaths, but also of the overall crude death rate, and contributed greatly to an unprecedented growth of
European population.As to the present, it is estimated that 3 million children are saved annually by vaccination, but 2
million still die because they are not immunized. Tetanus, measles and pertussis are the main vaccine-preventable
killers in the first years of life. Data from Bangladesh show that full implementation of EPI vaccines has the potential
of reducing mortality by almost one half in children aged 1-4 years. Recent progress in the development of vaccines
against agents responsible for much mortality in the developing countries make it possible to forecast a further
substantial reduction of deaths for infectious diseases in the next century.
Bibliographic Information
Retrospective study of candidemia in patients with hematological malignancies. Clinical features, risk factors
and outcome of 76 episodes.
Pagano L; Antinori A; Ammassari A; Mele L; Nosari A; Melillo L; Martino B;
Sanguinetti M; Equitani F; Nobile F; Carotenuto M; Morra E; Morace G; Leone G Istituto di Semeiotica Medica,
Universita Cattolica Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy
European journal of haematology (1999), 63(2), 77-85. Journal
code: 8703985.
ISSN:0902-4441.
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (MULTICENTER STUDY);
57
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T); (CLINICAL TRIAL) written in English. PubMed ID 10480286 AN
1999408163 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A retrospective study of 76 episodes of candidemia in 73 patients with underlying hematological malignancy, from
1988 until 1997, has been conducted to evaluate the clinical characteristics and to ascertain the variables related to the
onset and the outcome of candidemia. The most frequent malignancy was acute myeloid leukemia (29 episodes).
Candidemia developed mainly during aplasia in patients refractory to chemotherapy (42%). In 65 episodes (86%) the
patients were neutropenic (ANC <1 x 10(9)/l) before the candidemia diagnosis for a median time of 13 d, and in 53
episodes (70%) at microbiological diagnosis of candidemia ANC was <1 x 10(9)/l. Candida albicans was the most
frequently isolated etiologic agent (31 episodes), but C. non-albicans species sustained the majority of candidemia.
Seventeen candidemias developed during azoles prophylaxis. One month after the diagnosis of candidemia, 26 patients
died. In 19 cases, death was attributable to candidemia. The case-control study demonstrated, at univariate analysis,
that the colonization with Candida. spp. (p=0.004), antimycotic prophylaxis (p=0.01), presence of central venous
catheter (p=0.01), neutropenia (p=0.002), and the use of glycopeptide (p=0.0001) increased the risk of candidemia.
Using multivariate regression analysis only colonization with Candida spp. and the previous therapy with glycopeptide
were associated with a significantly increased risk. Acute mortality, expressed by a cumulative probability of survival
at 30 d from diagnosis of candidemia, was 0.67 (95% C.I. 0.55-0.77) and was significantly reduced in patients with
neutrophils <1 x 10(9)/l when compared to those with neutrophils >1 x 10(9)/l (p at Mantel-Cox=0.029). Overall
cumulative probability of survival at 1 yr was 0.38 (95% C.I. 0.27-0.49) and only the treatment with Amfotericin B
significantly reduced the risk of death.
Bibliographic Information
Total parenteral nutrition and home parenteral nutrition: an effective combination to sustain malnourished
children with cancer. Forchielli M L; Paolucci G; Lo C W Department of Pediatrics, University of Bologna, Italy
Nutrition reviews (1999), 57(1), 15-20. Journal code: 0376405. ISSN:0029-6643. (CASE REPORTS); Journal;
Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 10047701 AN 1999157231 MEDLINE (Copyright
(C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A patient with Wilms' tumor and severe failure to thrive required total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for "catch-up" growth.
This case underscores how TPN might be useful in the management of a child with cancer. Cancer cachexia,
chemotherapy, radiation, and infections caused by immune suppression can lead to potentially serious macro- and
micronutrient deficiencies.
Bibliographic Information
Internal mammary blood supply for ileo-colon interposition in esophagogastroplasty: a case report. Zonta A;
Visconti F E; Dionigi P; Vai L; Avanzi M S; Mourad Z; Perosin D; Fraipont G; Guizzetti M; Aluffi A; Ciccone R;
Perego M; Alvisi C; Passera R Dipartimento Di Chirurgia, Sez. Di Chirurgia Gen. A Universita Degli Studi di Pavia,
Istituto Di Ricavero e Cura A Carattere Scientifico, Policlinico San Matteo Di Pavia, Italy
Microsurgery (1998),
18(8), 472-5. Journal code: 8309230. ISSN:0738-1085. (CASE REPORTS); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 9888352 AN 1999103427
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
We report on a clinical case where microsurgical techniques successfully supported traditional surgery in a wide
reconstruction between the oropharynx and small bowel. Several years ago, the patient sustained a severe corrosive
injury of the upper digestive tract with subsequent esophageal stricture and stiffening; at that time, an emergency
gastrectomy was performed. In this case, the restoration of the defect could not rely on the classic colonic interposition.
During the operation the ileo-colic flap, well-fitted for tension-free reconstruction, revealed the foreseen inadequacy of
58
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 its vascularization based on the sole middle colic vascular pedicle. The blood supply to its proximal part was then
increased by microanastomosis between the right internal mammary and ileo-colic vessels. The revascularization
ensured the viability of the interposed tissue. Oral intake resumed after 3 weeks; nowadays the patient is able to
maintain her ideal weight with adequate nutrition.
Bibliographic Information
Body mass index development during the first 6 months of life in infants born to human immunodeficiency
virus-seropositive mothers. Agostoni C; Zuccotti G V; Gianni M L; D'Auria E; Giovannini M; Riva E Department
of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) (1998), 87(4), 378-80.
Journal code: 9205968. ISSN:0803-5253. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID
9628290 AN 1998290254 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The development of body mass index (BMI) was measured during the first 6 months of life in three groups of infants
[human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -uninfected, n = 92; later symptomatic HIV-infected, n = 18; early symptomatic
HIV-infected, n = 9] born to HIV-positive mothers and compared with a reference group (n = 65) born to healthy
mothers. A trend towards lower values in the two groups of HIV-infected infants was already evident at birth. Among
the four groups, HIV-uninfected infants showed the highest BMI values while the early-infected infants showed the
lowest BMI values at all measurements. The later-infected group had a value close to the reference at 1 month, and
then increased at slower rates than the uninfected and the reference groups. Infants born to HIV-positive mothers may
have higher energy and nutrient requirements after birth, either to sustain an increased BMI development (when
uninfected) or to meet catabolic mechanisms (when infected).
Bibliographic Information
Hookworm infection and disease: advances for control.
Albonico M; Savioli L
Comitato Scientifico,
Fondazione Ivo de Carneri, Milan, Italy
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita (1997), 33(4), 567-79. Journal
code: 7502520. ISSN:0021-2571. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in
English. PubMed ID 9616967 AN 1998279953 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Advances in epidemiology and in control strategies of hookworm infection and associated disease were reviewed.
Recent estimates indicate that hookworms infect approximately 1.3 billion people worldwide, and 96 million suffer
from associated morbidity, including also insidious effects on nutritional status and on physical and intellectual
development. Recent research studies on iron loss and iron-deficiency anaemia associated to hookworm infection were
irondeficiency anemia associated to hookworm infection were reviewed. Recommendations for planning strategies for
the control of hookworm infection were addressed and epidemiology, targets, chemotherapy, health education,
sanitation, monitoring and evaluation in helminth control programmes were discussed. Special relevance was given to
chemotherapy with new, single dose broad spectrum, safe anthelminthic drugs as the mainstay of control strategy to
reduce intensity of infection, iron-deficiency anaemia and other morbidity indicators associated with hookworm
infections. For the control of transmission of hookworm infection, periodic chemotherapy should be implemented in
the context of ongoing improvement of sanitation and promotion of health education. These elements should be
integrated into the prevailing system of primary health care and must be based on multisectoral collaboration to ensure
sustainability of control programmes.
Bibliographic Information
Vasa vasorum of superficial collecting lymphatics of human thigh. Agliano M; Sacchi G; Weber E; Pucci A M;
Comparini L
Institute of Human Anatomy, University of Siena, Italy
Lymphology (1997), 30(3), 116-21.
Journal code: 0155112. ISSN:0024-7766. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NONU.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID 9313203 AN 97458383
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
59
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Collecting lymphatics were obtained from human thigh fat for light microscopy and tridimensional reconstruction at
time of operation for varicose veins. No patient had lymphedema and routine sections showed no inflammation or
notable pathologic alteration of the surrounding soft tissue. Abundant vasa vasorum was observed around the
musculature of superficial collecting lymphatics of human thigh. Within intervalvular portions of the lymphatic
collectors where the muscle coat was thicker and more compact, the vasa vasorum penetrated between smooth muscle
cells and was in contact with the endothelium. In valvular portions of the collecting lymphatics where the muscle layer
was thinner and more fragmented, there were fewer vasa vasorum. Tri-dimensional reconstructions of the collecting
lymphatic wall showed two communicating plexi of vasa vasorum--one outside and the other inside the muscle layer.
Arteries and veins of similar size did not have such an abundant vasa vasorum. The explanation for this difference may
relate to the fact that a relatively low oxygen and nutrient content of lymph is insufficient to nourish the collecting
lymphatic. Moreover, diffusion of nutrients from the external plexus is likely also impeded by the thickness and density
of the muscle layer. The vasa vasorum deep in the muscular layer and in the subendothelial space probably sustain
adequate nutrition and oxygenation to the collecting lymphatic.
Bibliographic Information
Cirrhosis and muscle cramps: evidence of a causal relationship.
Angeli P; Albino G; Carraro P; Dalla Pria M;
Merkel C; Caregaro L; De Bei E; Bortoluzzi A; Plebani M; Gatta A Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of
Padua, Italy
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.) (1996), 23(2), 264-73. Journal code: 8302946. ISSN:0270-9139.
(CLINICAL TRIAL); (CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in
English. PubMed ID 8591851 AN 96162050 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The aim of the study was to define the features, prevalence, and pathophysiology of therapy for muscle cramps in
cirrhotic patients. The first protocol study included 294 cirrhotic patients and 194 age- and sex-matched controls.
Controls were defined as inpatients or outpatients without any clinical and laboratory evidence of liver disease.
Features and prevalence of muscle cramps were defined on the basis of a standard questionnaire. As far as the
pathophysiological associations of muscle cramps were concerned, the following parameters were evaluated: mean
arterial pressure (MAP), nutritional status, liver function tests, plasma volume (PV), plasma renin activity (PRA), and
electrolyte, mineral, and acid-base status. The prevalence of cramps was higher in cirrhotic patients than in controls,
and it was related to the duration of recognized cirrhosis and to the severity of liver function impairment. At a multiple
regression analysis, the presence of ascites, low values of MAP, and high values of PRA were the independent
predictive factors for the occurrence of cramps in cirrhosis. In the second protocol study, the effects of a sustained
expansion of the effective circulating volume induced by intravenous infusion of human albumin were compared with
those of a placebo in 12 cirrhotic patients with more than three cramp crises a week. Compared with the placebo,
albumin reduced the cramp frequency (P < .01). In conclusion, an increased prevalence of true muscle cramps occurs in
patients with cirrhosis. Our data indicate that the pathophysiological link between cirrhosis and cramps may be
represented by the reduction of the effective circulating volume. They also indicate that weekly infusion of human
albumin may be an effective treatment for cramps in cirrhosis.
60
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Nutrition and Food
61
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using the phrase "nutrition and food"
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Bibliographic Information
Food selection based on total antioxidant capacity can modify antioxidant intake, systemic inflammation, and
liver function without altering markers of oxidative stress.
Valtuena, Silvia; Pellegrini, Nicoletta; Franzini,
Laura; Bianchi, Marta A.; Ardigo, Diego; Del Rio, Daniele; Piatti, PierMarco; Scazzina, Francesca; Zavaroni, Ivana;
Brighenti, Furio. Department of Internal Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2008), 87(5), 1290-1297. Publisher: American Society for Nutrition,
CODEN: AJCNAC ISSN: 0002-9165. Journal written in English. CAN 148:537143 AN 2008:611011 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
62
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Background: It is unknown whether diets with a high dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) can modify oxidative
stress, low-grade inflammation, or liver dysfunction, all of which are risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular
disease. Objective: We studied the effect of high- and low-TAC (HT and LT, resp.) diets on markers of antioxidant
status, systemic inflammation, and liver dysfunction. Design: In a crossover intervention, 33 healthy adults (19 men, 14
women) received the HT and LT diets for 2 wk each. Dietary habits were checked with a 3-d food record during both
diet periods and the washout period. Results: Fruit and vegetable, macronutrient, dietary fiber, and alc. intakes did not
differ significantly between the 2 diets, whereas dietary TAC, -tocopherol, and ascorbic acid were significantly (P <
0.001) higher during the HT diet. Plasma -tocopherol rose during the HT and decreased during the LT diet (P < 0.02
for difference) without changes in markers of oxidative stress except plasma malondialdehyde, which decreased
unexpectedly during the LT diet (P < 0.05). Plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, alanine aminotransferase,
gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, and alk. phosphatase concns. decreased during the HT compared with the LT diet
(mean SEM for pre-post changes: -0.72 0.37 compared with 1.05 0.60 mg/L, P < 0.01; -1.73 1.02 compared
with 2.33 2.58 U/L, P < 0.01; -2.12 1.45 compared with 5.15 2.98 U/L, P < 0.05; and 1.36 1.34 compared
with 5.06
2.00 U/L, P < 0.01, resp.). Conclusion: Selecting foods according to their TAC markedly affects
antioxidant intake and modulates hepatic contribution to systemic inflammation without affecting traditional markers of
antioxidant status.
Bibliographic Information
Development and validation of a brief food frequency questionnaire for dietary lutein and zeaxanthin intake
assessment in Italian women.
Cena, Hellas; Roggi, Carla; Turconi, Giovanna. Dept. of Health Applied Sciences,
Section of Human Nutrition, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy. European Journal of Nutrition (2008), 47(1), 1-9.
Publisher: Steinkopff Verlag, CODEN: EJNUFZ ISSN: 1436-6207. Journal written in English. AN 2008:333577
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Background There is increasing evidence that higher intakes of carotenoids could protect against oxidative and light
damage in premature infants and may promote other health benefits in both mothers during pregnancy and lactation and
in newborn infants. Aim of the study To develop and validate a brief quant. food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) aimed
at assessing lutein and zeaxanthin intake in women. Methods In this cross-sectional study, ests. of lutein and zeaxanthin
intake from the FFQ were compared with a 7-day dietary record and with plasma concns. of these carotenoids. This
primary care study was conducted in Pavia, Italy. Subjects were all female volunteers, aged 20-25 years (mean age 22.7
2.1 years), university students. Of the 110 women initially recruited, 87 completed diet questionnaires and donated a
blood sample. Dietary intake was assessed by the FFQ by interview and 7-day dietary records chosen as a ref. std.,
using photog. estns. of portion sizes. Plasma concns. of lutein and zeaxanthin were measured by HPLC. Pearson's
correlation coeff. and Bland Altman Regression anal. were used. Results Mean dietary lutein and zeaxanthin intakes
were 1,107 113 g/day from the FFQ questionnaire and 1,083 116 g/day from the 7 day dietary records. The
mean difference in intake assessed by the two methods (-24.5 38.3 g/day) did not differ significantly from zero.
Dietary intake of lutein and zeaxanthin measured with the FFQ and plasma nutrient concn. among this sample were
significantly correlated (r = 0.76, P < 0.0001). Mean plasma lutein and zeaxanthin concns. were 0.33 0.09 mol/l.
Conclusions This FFQ could be used to assess lutein and zeaxanthin intake in adult women.
Bibliographic Information
Drugs and food products for hypophosphoric normo-, hyper- and hypoproteic diets, and hypophosphoric
beverages.
Savica, Vincenzo. (Italy). PCT Int. Appl. (2007), 18pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2007115973 A2
20071018 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN,
CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP,
KE, KG, KM, KN, KP, KR, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LY, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ,
NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RS, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, SV, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR,
TT, TZ, UA, UG. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IS, IT, LU, MC, MT,
NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent written in English. Application:
WO 2007-EP53230 20070403. Priority: IT 2006-204 20060410. CAN 147:447602 AN 2007:1177509 CAPLUS
63
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2007115973
WO 2007115973
Kind
A2
A3
Priority Application
IT 2006-RM204
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20071018
WO 2007-EP53230
20070403
20080403
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA,
CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB,
GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KM, KN,
KP, KR, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LY, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN,
MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RS,
RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, SV, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA,
UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT,
LT, LU, LV, MC, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG,
CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG, BW, GH, GM, KE,
LS, MW, MZ, NA, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ,
MD, RU, TJ, TM, AP, EA, EP, OA
20060410
Abstract
An alimentary component comprises a physiol. acceptable phosphorus-binding agent, in particular polyallylamine
hydrochloride, polyallylamine carbonate, lanthanum carbonate, aluminum hydroxide, magnesium acetate, magnesium
carbonate, calcium carbonate, calcium acetate, calcium citrate, calcium alginate, styrene divinylbenzene ionic exchange
resin, stabilized polynuclear iron hydroxide, calcium acetate plus magnesium carbonate and chitosan. This component
is useful in the nutrition of subjects requiring a low-phosphorus diet and the foods may include bakery products, dairy
products, and cola beverages.
Bibliographic Information
Reply to Value or usefulness of the food frequency questionnaire for the assessment of dietary total antioxidant
capacity. Comments.
Pellegrini, Nicoletta; Del Rio, Daniele; Brighenti, Furio; Valtuena, Silvia. Department of
Public Health, University of Parma, Italy. Journal of Nutrition (2007), 137(6), 1498. Publisher: American Society
for Nutrition, CODEN: JONUAI ISSN: 0022-3166. Journal written in English.
CAN 146:520886
AN
2007:623726 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Reply to comments by C. K. Chow and S.-J. Chang (this issue, pp. 1496-7) related to the article by N. Pellegrini et al.
on the "Development and validation of a food frequency questionnaire for the assessment of dietary total antioxidant
capacity" (this journal, 137(1): 93-98, 2007). The main point of the discussion is the discrepancy of the estd. dietary
antioxidant value and blood antioxidant indexes in humans consuming the diets.
Bibliographic Information
A new iron free treatment with oral fish cartilage polysaccharide for iron deficiency chronic anemia in
inflammatory bowel diseases: a pilot study.
Belluzzi, Andrea; Roda, Giulia; Tonon, Francesca; Soleti, Antonio;
Caponi, Alessandra; Tuci, Anna; Roda, Aldo; Roda, Enrico. Gastroenterology Unit, S.Orsola Hospital, University of
Bologna, Bologna, Italy. World Journal of Gastroenterology (2007), 13(10), 1575-1578. Publisher: World Journal
of Gastroenterology, CODEN: WJGAF2 ISSN: 1007-9327. Journal written in English. CAN 147:71894 AN
64
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 2007:576960 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Aim: To investigate the effect of a new oral prepn., highly concd. in fish cartilage, in a group of inflammatory bowel
diseases (IBD) patients with chronic iron deficient anemia. Methods: In an open label pilot study, we supplemented a
group of 25 patients (11 with Crohn's disease and 14 with ulcerative colitis) in stable clin. conditions and chronic
anemia with a food supplement which does not contain iron but contains a standardized fraction of fish cartilage
glycosaminoglycans and a mixt. of antioxidants (Captafer Medestea, Turin, Italy). Patients received 500 mg, twice a
day during meals, for at least 4 mo. Patients were suggested to maintain their alimentary habit. At time 0 and after 2
and 4 mo, emocrome, sideremia and ferritin were examd. Paired data were analyzed with Student's t test. Results:
Three patients relapsed during the study (2 in the 3rd mo, 1 in the 4th mo), two patients were lost to follow up and two
patients dropped out (1 for orticaria, 1 for gastric burning). Of the remaining 18 patients, levels of serum iron started to
rapidly increase within the 2nd mo of treatment,(P < 0.05), whereas serum ferritin and Hb needed a longer period to
significantly improve their serum levels (mo 4) P < 0.05. The product was safe, easy to administer and well tolerated
by patients. Conclusion: These data suggest a potential new treatment for IBD patients with iron deficiency chronic
anemia and warrant further larger controlled studies.
Bibliographic Information
Dietary source of nutrients in a sample of the Italian population: Protein, lipids, sugar and amino acids.
Gnagnarella, Patrizia; Parpinel, Maria; Bidoli, Ettore. Divisione di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Istituto Europeo di
Oncologia-via Ripamonti, Milan, Italy. Rivista di Scienza dell'Alimentazione (2005), 34(3), 119-131. Publisher:
Fondazione per lo Studio degli Alimenti e della Nutrizione, CODEN: RSAIE3 ISSN: 1126-9480. Journal written in
Italian. CAN 145:123684 AN 2006:675655 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
To interpret epidemiol. data and to provide better nutritional guidelines, it is essential to examine both food habits and
main sources of food components in the population. Data from the control group of a large case-control study on cancer
carried out in 6 Italian areas were used for this examn. The dietary habits of 6101 cancer-free humans (2811 men, 1979 yr, median age 57 yr; 3290 women, 20-74 yr, median age 56 yr) were examd. in 1991-1999 via interviewer-given
food frequency questionnaires. The data on mean daily intakes and the major food sources of proteins, fats,
carbohydrates, alc., and amino acids are presented in this paper. Bread was the first contributor of proteins and starch
for both genders, whereas the first sources of fats were raw vegetables since these foods includes oil (Italian dressing).
The first contributors to sugars were fresh fruits (26.1% in men, 30.3% in women). Meat and fish were the most
important sources of amino acids, while pulses were a source of amino acids only when consumed in vegetable soups
and not as side dishes. The consumption of milk and dairy products was a prevailing habit in women. The results agree
with similar studies carried out in Italy in the last few years. The data highlight the modality of assumption and the
specificity of dietary sources of some food components in the Italian population.
Bibliographic Information
Food groups and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a multicenter, case-control study in Italy.
Talamini, Renato;
Polesel, Jerry; Montella, Maurizio; Dal Maso, Luigino; Crovatto, Marina; Crispo, Anna; Spina, Michele; Canzonieri,
Vincenzo; La Vecchia, Carlo; Franceschi, Silvia.
Unita di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Centro di Riferimento
Oncologico, Aviano, Italy. International Journal of Cancer (2006), 118(11), 2871-2876. Publisher: Wiley-Liss,
Inc., CODEN: IJCNAW ISSN: 0020-7136. Journal written in English.
CAN 144:449977
AN 2006:460136
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) has been rising worldwide, but the reasons are undefined. Dietary habits
may play a role in the etiol. of NHL by influencing the metabolic pathways of several cells of the immune system. This
case-control study investigated the relation between food consumption and NHL risk. Between 1999 and 2002, we
65
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 conducted a hospital-based case-control study on NHL in 2 areas of Italy. Cases were 190 patients (median age 58
years) with incident NHL admitted to specialized and general hospitals. Controls were 484 patients (median age 63
years) with acute non-neoplastic conditions admitted to the same hospitals network of cases. A validated foodfrequency questionnaire was used to assess habitual diet 2 years before interview. Unconditional multiple logistic
regression was used to est. the odds ratios (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI), with allowance
for energy intake, according to the residual model. Consumption of highest vs. lowest quartile of pasta/rice (OR = 1.87,
95% CI: 1.04-3.36) and cheese (OR = 1.66, 95% CI: 0.98-2.83) were assocd. with a significantly increased NHL risk.
Inverse assocn. was found for vegetables (OR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.28-0.87), fruits (OR = 0.51, 95% CI: 0.30-0.85), and
egg consumption (OR = 0.59, 95% CI: 0.36-0.97). The assocn. of pasta/rice was also supported by an increased risk of
high glycemic load levels (OR = 1.86, 95% CI: 1.04-3.32). In conclusion, our results suggested that diet could affect
NHL risk.
Bibliographic Information
Our everyday cup of coffee: The chemistry behind its magic.
Development Department, Illycaffe S.p.A., Trieste, Italy. Journal
1167. Publisher: Journal of Chemical Education, Dept. of Chemistry,
written in English. CAN 143:325677 AN 2005:621967 CAPLUS
Petracco, Marino.
Research and Technical
of Chemical Education (2005), 82(8), 1161CODEN: JCEDA8 ISSN: 0021-9584. Journal
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
To develop a fruitful knowledge base on coffee, research strategy should prompt scientists with different backgrounds
(food technol., food chem., and biochem., nutrition, consumer science) to team up and work closely with coffee
companies in investigating all aspects that are crucial to product acceptance. Superior coffee is the result of close
control over a multitude of factors in the field, in industrial processing, and in the cup.
Bibliographic Information
Antioxidants: current status.
Lercker, G. Dip. di Scienze degli Alimenti, Universita degli Studi di Bologna,
Bologna, Italy. Progress in Nutrition (2001), 3(2), 26-30. Publisher: Casa Editrice Mattioli, CODEN: PNRUAT
ISSN: 1129-8723. Journal; General Review written in Italian. CAN 136:368599 AN 2002:337447 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Free radicals and antioxidants are widely discussed in the clin. and nutritional literature. Antioxidants are
needed to prevent the formation and oppose the actions of radicals and reactive oxygen species. The activity of natural
antioxidants can be related to their concns. in food and to factors (food compn., presence of synergic substances, temp.)
which contribute to the final antioxidant status in the dietary items. The classification of natural food components with
antioxidant properties is still poorly defined, since nutritional characteristics of several antioxidants (tocopherols,
phospholipids, amino acids, amines) are more important than their antioxidant actions. Anal. methods for the
evaluation of food antioxidants should be considered together with the detn. of antioxidant properties in defined foods.
Methods for evaluation of the amts. of antioxidants and the relative antioxidant power are discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Effect of potential renal acid load of foods on calcium metabolism of renal calcium stone formers.
Trinchieri,
Alberto; Zanetti, Giampaolo; Curro, Anna; Lizzano, Renata. Department of Urology, IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore,
Milan, Italy. European Urology (2001), 39(Suppl. 2), 33-37. Publisher: S. Karger AG, CODEN: EUURAV ISSN:
0302-2838. Journal written in English. CAN 135:165481 AN 2001:206437 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Diet was proposed as a causative factor of hypercalciuria in patients with Ca stones. The aim of this study was to
66
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 investigate the influence of diet on Ca metab. of renal stone formers. 35 Renal Ca stone formers were entered in this
study. A 2-day recall of dietary intake was obtained from each subject. The food records were coded and computer
analyzed for total energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, sodium, potassium, Ca, magnesium, phosphate, oxalate, vitamin C
and fiber. Daily potential renal acid load (PRAL) of the diet was calcd. considering the mineral and protein compn. of
foods, the mean intestinal absorption rate for each nutrient and the metab. of sulfur-contg. amino acids. A fasting blood
sample was drawn and a 24-h urine collection were obtained for analyses of Ca, phosphate and creatinine. Serum
osteocalcin was also analyzed. A fasting 2-h urine sample was collected in the morning for hydroxyproline, pyridinium
cross-links and creatinine. The mean daily dietary PRAL of renal stone formers was 22.4
15.7 (range 4.2-65.8)
mEq/day. Regression anal. demonstrated that urinary Ca excretion is dependent on daily protein intake and dietary
PRAL, whereas the urinary pyridinium cross-links/creatinine ratio is inversely dependent on daily Ca intake. The
urinary pyridinium cross-links/creatinine ratio was significantly lower in patients on a low Ca diet (<600 mg/day) than
in other patients (19.5 7.8 vs. 27.3 7.5 nM/mM, p = 0.008). No significant difference was obsd. between the 2
groups for daily urinary Ca (254 109 vs. 258 140 mg/day), serum osteocalcin (8.2 3.3 vs. 6.2 2.4 ng/mL) and
urinary hydroxyproline/creatinine (14.1
7.4 vs. 10.3
4 mg/g). The urinary Ca excretion of renal stone formers
seems to be dependent on dietary acid load rather than dietary Ca intake. In patients consuming an acidifying diet a
restriction of Ca intake could increase bone resorption leading to a progressive bone loss.
Bibliographic Information
Total Diet Studies in Italy.
Carnovale, E.; Cappelloni, M.; Lombardi-Boccia, G.; Turrini, A. Istituto Nazionale
della Nutrizione, Rome, Italy. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis (2000), 13(4), 551-556. Publisher:
Academic Press, CODEN: JFCAEE ISSN: 0889-1575. Journal written in English.
CAN 134:115251
AN
2000:701419 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Total diet studies represent a suitable tool for monitoring dietary intakes of nutrients, other food constituents and
contaminants for large groups of population or at national level. In Italy, the Istituto Nazionale della Nutrizione (INN)
carried out two studies using the market basket approach for the formulation and evaluation of the total diet. The
studies were based on the data collected in the nation-wide food consumption surveys in 1980-1984 and 1994-1996,
resp. The approach and the results of the former are discussed in detail to render available all elements for comparison
with the results from the latter. Some future methodol. developments are indicated in order to plan further analyses and
to improve this type of study. (c) 2000 Academic Press.
Bibliographic Information
Food-related sensory stimuli are able to promote pancreatic polypeptide elevation without evident cephalic
phase insulin secretion in human obesity.
Morricone, L.; Bombonato, M.; Cattaneo, A. G.; Enrini, R.; Lugari, R.;
Zandomenighi, R.; Caviezel, F.
Cattedra di Endocrinologia, Istituto di Scienze Medico-Chirurgiche S. Donato,
Universita di Milano, Italy. Hormone and Metabolic Research (2000), 32(6), 240-245. Publisher: Georg Thieme
Verlag, CODEN: HMMRA2 ISSN: 0018-5043. Journal written in English. CAN 133:250859 AN 2000:548175
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The data concerning the cephalic phase of insulin secretion (CPIS) in human obesity are controversial. We investigated
the effect of a variety of sensory challenges on CPIS in 17 non-diabetic obese patients (four males, 13 females, mean
age 41.1 yr, mean BMI 38.7). Water, saccharin, and lemon juice were used as oral stimuli, and a complete meal was
simply presented as visual and olfactory stimulations. Twelve healthy normal-wt. subjects (four men, eight women,
mean age 39.9, mean BMI 22.5) also underwent oral stimulation as controls, and the patients who underwent the sight
and smell stimulations were also tested for pancreatic polypeptide (PP) changes in order to verify the occurrence of
truly cephalic reflex during the test. Insulin levels were measured before and after each stimulation (every min for the
first 5 min, and then after 10, 20, and 30 min). None of the stimuli (saccharin, lemon juice or water retained in the
mouth for 2 min and were then spat out; the combined and sep. sight and smell of a meal for 2 min) led to a significant
increase in insulin in the obese patients (except in the case of one woman after oral stimulation). The oral stimuli led to
67
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 a variable CPIS in one female and three male controls. Despite the absence of CPIS, the five obese patients undergoing
all three sensory stimulations related to the meal (combined sight and smell, sight alone and smell alone) showed an
early and significant increase in plasma PP concns. within the first 3 min; this was more pronounced after the combined
than after the sep. exposure. Although only preliminary, these results underline the variability but substantial lack of
CPIS in obese patients, thus suggesting that it can be considered a relatively rare and unrelevant event even in the
presence of a true brain-mediated reflex revealed by the rapid and consistent increase in PP found in our expts.
Bibliographic Information
Selenium in food and waters: notes on its biology and toxicity.
Morabito, R.; Brunori, C.; Soldati, P. ENEA Casaccia, Rome, Italy.
Industrie delle Bevande (1999), 28(160), 115-118. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa,
CODEN: INBEEW ISSN: 0390-0541. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN 131:43714
AN
1999:335780 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 16 refs. The main dietary sources of Se and its metab. in humans are examd. The essentiality and
toxicity of Se in foods are discussed. The results of Se speciation anal. of some Italian common mineral waters on the
market are presented.
Bibliographic Information
Study design of a total reference diet for a population in Northern Italy.
Ciapellano, Salvatore; Roggi, C.;
Baggio, C.; Lanza, M. P.; Erba, D.; Maccarini, L.; Brighenti, F.; Testolin, G. Dep. Food Sci. Microbiol., Section
Human Nutrition, Univ. Milan, Milan, Italy.
Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism (1998), 42(3), 127-137.
Publisher: S. Karger AG, CODEN: ANUMDS ISSN: 0250-6807. Journal written in English. CAN 129:27502 AN
1998:398764 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A market based of 91 food items was purchased in Northern Italy, based on a list taken from a food survey previously
conducted in the same area. The food items from the survey were grouped into 14 categories. Food samples were
collected, homogenized, and frozen for the anal. of both the nutrient content and the levels of mineral contaminants.
The study design and decision processes behind the choice of type and quantity of each food are explained. The relative
quantities of each food group were compared with those from 2 similar studies. Energy, nutrients, and mineral
contaminants obtained by direct anal. were compared with the calcns. given on the food compn. tables. The comparison
between the analyzed and calcd. data only showed marked differences in P, Na, K, and Cu intakes.
Bibliographic Information
Process for solvent extraction of lycopene from whole fruits and concentration of the extract.
Bombardelli,
Ezio; Seghizzi, Roberto; Morazzoni, Paolo. (Indena S.P.A., Italy).
Eur. Pat. Appl. (1998),
8 pp. CODEN:
EPXXDW EP 818225 A1 19980114 Designated States R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL,
SE, MC, PT, IE, FI. Patent written in English.
Application: EP 97-111635 19970709. Priority: IT 96-1442
19960712. CAN 128:129826 AN 1998:116171 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 818225
EP 818225
Kind
A1
B1
US 5897866
AT 227599
PT 818225
A
T
T
Date
Application No.
Date
19980114
EP 1997-111635
19970709
20021113
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, FI
19990427
US 1997-890165
19970709
20021115
AT 1997-111635
19970709
20030331
PT 1997-111635
19970709
68
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 ES
CA
CA
AU
AU
JP
HK
2186824
2210039
2210039
9728539
722774
10226654
1005499
T3
A1
C
A
B2
A
A1
20030516
19980112
20020910
19980129
20000810
19980825
20030221
Priority Application
IT 1996-MI1442
A
19960712
ES 1997-111635
CA 1997-2210039
19970709
19970710
AU 1997-28539
19970710
JP 1997-199150
HK 1998-104650
19970710
19980529
Abstract
Pure lycopene or lipophilic exts. contg. lycopene are recovered from whole fruits of Lycopersicum esculentum and
similar species as byproducts of food industry processes. The partially dehydrated fresh material is extd. with aliph. or
arom. hydrocarbons or water-immiscible solvents (e.g., n-hexane or methylene chloride) in the presence of
phospholipids or soy lecithin (0.01-0.100 wt./vol.%) as surfactants and stabilizing agents, then the exts. are concd. to an
oil or fractionated to the desired concn. (1-10%) of lycopene. The exts. can be purified by chromatog. using an acidic
alumina column with Et acetate/hexane eluant or by supercrit. extn. with CO2. In examples, lycopene was extd. from
whole tomato biomass, dried skins, and moist skins. Compns. were presented of coated tablets, hard gelatin capsules
and soft gelatin capsules contg. the lycopene ext.
Bibliographic Information
Evaluation of health, nutrition and food security programmes in a complex emergency: the case of Congo as an
example of a chronic post-conflict situation.
Rossi Laura; Hoerz Thomas; Thouvenot Veronique; Pastore Gianni;
Michael Markus Human Nutrition Unit, National Institute for Research on Food and Nutrition, via Ardeatina 546,
00178 Rome, Italy. [email protected] Public health nutrition (2006), 9(5), 551-6. Journal code: 9808463. ISSN:13689800. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID 16923285 AN 2006500133
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To describe the case of Congo as an example of the assessment and appropriateness of donor operational
and sectoral strategies in a complex emergency. DESIGN AND SETTING: The paper reports the findings of an
external evaluation of operations financed by the European Commission Humanitarian Office in the Democratic
Republic of Congo (DRC). RESULTS: The Congolese health system is suffering from severe deterioration. What is
functioning in the public health context is donor-dependent with high costs and limited coverage. Despite a relatively
favourable agro-climatic situation, food shortage and famine severely affect the nutritional status of large population
groups. In this context, humanitarian programmes have generally improved access to health care and the nutritional
status of beneficiaries. The reduction of malnutrition in project areas is often demonstrated even though the context did
not permit consolidation of these results. Malnutrition continues to claim a massive cost of lives owing to the effect of
widespread food insecurity that follows a circular cause-and-effect pattern of very low food production and extreme
poverty. CONCLUSIONS: The current context in DRC does not correspond yet to 'post-crisis': neither at population
level with regard to indicators of poverty, malnutrition, disease and death, nor at institutional level, with regard to state
support to institutions. In these situations, the international community is often called upon to replace the state as
service provider. Integrated humanitarian actions should be the future of relief projects in DRC. Health, nutrition and
food security components should be considered a standard public health intervention strategy representing the most
sensible approach to address the needs of the affected population.
Bibliographic Information
The Mediterranean diet in a world context.
Alexandratos Nikos
69
the Global Perspective Studies Unit, Food and
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. [email protected]
Public health nutrition
(2006), 9(1A), 111-7. Journal code: 9808463. ISSN:1368-9800. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General
Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 16512957 AN 2006126982 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008
U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To put the debate on the Mediterranean diet in context by highlighting historical and prospective changes
in the level and composition of food consumption in the world and key Mediterranean countries. DESIGN: Data from
FAO's food balance sheets are used to illustrate historical evolution. Projections to 2030 are presented from FAO's
recent and ongoing work on exploring world food and agriculture futures. SETTING: International. RESULTS AND
CONCLUSIONS: Many developing countries are undergoing diet transitions bringing them closer to the diets prevalent
in the richer countries, i.e. with more energy-dense foods. There follows an increase in the incidence of diet-related
non-communicable diseases, which are superimposed on the health problems related to undernutrition that still afflict
them. In parallel, many low-income countries are making little progress towards raising food consumption levels
necessary for good nutrition and food security. Wider adoption of food consumption patterns akin to those of the
Mediterranean diet hold promise of contributing to mitigate adverse effects of such diet transitions. However, the
evolution of food consumption in the Mediterranean countries themselves is not encouraging, as these countries have
also followed the trend towards higher shares of energy-dense foods. Possible policy responses to these problems
include measures to raise awareness of the benefits of healthier diets and/or to change relative food prices in favour of
such diets (by taxing fattening foods) or, at the extreme, making individuals who follow 'bad' diets, and thus are prone
to associated diseases, bear a higher part of the consequent costs borne by the public health systems (tax fat people).
Bibliographic Information
Science as the basis for public health decisions in nutrition and food safety in Asia. Tontisiri K; Clark R Food
and Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy
Biomedical and
environmental sciences : BES (2001), 14(1-2), 1-13. Journal code: 8909524. ISSN:0895-3988. Journal; Article;
(JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 11594468 AN 2001548226 MEDLINE (Copyright (C)
2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
70
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Food Science and Food Technology
71
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 5 Research Topic candidates were identified in CAPLUS and MEDLINE.
using the phrase "food science and technology"
Selected 2 of 5 candidate topics.
172 references were found containing "food science and technology" as entered.
772 references were found containing both of the concepts "food science" and "technology".
Remove Duplicates
718 references were found (54 duplicates removed)
Analyze
Analyzed 718 of 718 by Company/Organization
Selected 10 of 470 candidates
Department of Food Science and Technology University of Milan Italy (2 references)
Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy (2 references)
Dipartimento di Produzioni Animali Universita di Bari, Italy (1 reference)
European Institute of Oncology, Italy (1 reference)
FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00100 Rome Italy (1
reference)
Istituto Agrario di S Michele a/A, Italy (1 reference)
National Cancer Research Institute, Italy (1 reference)
Universita di Padova, Italy (1 reference)
University of Rome Tor Vergata and INFM, Italy (1 reference)
Vendor Assurance Materie Prime Barilla Alimentare s p a, Italy (1 reference)
Copyrights:
CAPLUS: Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society. All Rights Reserved. (The UK patent material in this
product/service is UK Crown copyright and is made available with
permission. © Crown Copyright. The French (FR) patent material in this
product/service is made available from Institut National de la Propriete
Industrielle (INPI).)
MEDLINE: Produced by the U.S. National Library of Medicine
REGISTRY: Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society. All Rights Reserved. (Some records contain information
from GenBank(R). See also: Benson D.A., Karsch-Mizrachi I., Lipman D.J.,
Ostell J., Rapp B.A., Wheeler D.L. Genbank. Nucl. Acids Res. 28(1):15-18
(2000). Property values tagged with IC are from the ZIC/VINITI data file
provided by InfoChem.) CAS Registry is a service mark of the American
Chemical Society.
CASREACT: Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society. All Rights Reserved. (In addition to reactions indexed by
CAS, CASREACT contains reactions derived from the following sources:
ZIC/VINITI database (journals 1974-1999, patents 1982-1999) provided by
InfoChem, INPI data prior to 1986, and Biotransformations database
compiled under the direction of Professor Dr. Klaus Kieslich.)
CHEMLIST, CHEMCATS: Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society. All Rights Reserved.
Bibliographic Information
Chitosan as a dietary supplement and a food technology agent.
72
Muzzarelli, Riccardo A. A.; Muzzarelli, Corrado.
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Biochemistry, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy. Editor(s):
Biliaderis, Costas G.; Izydorczyk, Marta S. Functional Food Carbohydrates (2007),
215-247. Publisher: CRC
Press LLC, Boca Raton, Fla CODEN: 69JGCY Conference; General Review written in English. CAN 147:485117
AN 2007:594747 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review discussing the characteristics, modern applications in food sciences, and application as a nutraceutical of
chitosan.
Bibliographic Information
Piezophilic adaptation: a genomic point of view.
Simonato, Francesca; Campanaro, Stefano; Lauro, Federico M.;
Vezzi, Alessandro; D'Angelo, Michela; Vitulo, Nicola; Valle, Giorgio; Bartlett, Douglas H. Department of Biology,
Universita di Padova, Padua, Italy. Journal of Biotechnology (2006), 126(1), 11-25. Publisher: Elsevier B.V.,
CODEN: JBITD4 ISSN: 0168-1656. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 146:55970
AN
2006:989377 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Two-thirds of Earth's surface is covered by oceans, yet the study of this massive integrated living system is
still in its infancy. Various environmental variables, such as high salinity, low and changeable nutrient availability and
depth-correlated gradients of light, temp., nutrients and pressure shape the diversity, physiol. and ecol. of marine
species. As oceans present an av. depth of 3800 m, deep-sea ecosystems represent the most common marine ecol.
niche. One of the key environment variables that influences the life and evolution of deep-sea organisms is high
pressure. This extreme widespread condition requires specific adaptations, the nature of which remains largely
unknown. Recent advances in genomic approaches, such as in sequencing technologies and global expression profiling,
are rapidly increasing the data available to understand microbial evolution, biochem., physiol. and diversity. This
review summarizes the anal. of the results published so far about microbial high pressure adaptation from a genomic
point of view. Understanding high pressure adaptation mechanisms is not just a scientific exercise but has important
biotechnol. implications. For example, hydrostatic pressure is a reality for food science and technol., both for food
prepn. and preservation. An understanding of the effects of pressure on biomols. will expand its use in the medical,
industrial and biotechnol. fields.
Bibliographic Information
A proteomic approach to study protein variation in GM durum wheat in relation to technological properties of
semolina.
Di Luccia, Aldo; Lamacchia, Carmela; Fares, Clara; Padalino, Lucia; Mamone, Gianfranco; La Gatta,
Barbara; Gambacorta, Giuseppe; Faccia, Michele; Di Fonzo, Natale; La Notte, Ennio. Dipartimento di Produzioni
Animali, Universita di Bari, Bari, Italy.
Annali di Chimica (Rome, Italy) (2005), 95(6), 405-414. Publisher:
Societa Chimica Italiana, CODEN: ANCRAI ISSN: 0003-4592. Journal written in English. CAN 144:146709 AN
2005:875334 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Genetic manipulation of durum wheats by tobacco rab-1 genes influence the trafficking of gluten proteins through the
secretory system by up- or down-regulating the transport step from the ER to the Golgi app. which may in turn modify
functional performance of the grain. Gluten proteins were extd. from two genetically manipulated lines - Svevo B730
1-1 and Ofanto B688 1-2 - and their control lines and were analyzed by two dimensional gel electrophoresis. When the
two-dimensional maps were compared by image anal. no significant differences between the GM line with an upregulated trafficking contg. the wild type tobacco rab1 (Svevo B730 1-1) and its control (Svevo control). By contrast,
significant differences were found between the GM line with a down-regulated trafficking due to the tobacco rab1
mutant form (Ofanto B688 1-2) and its control (Ofanto control). Of the new protein spots detected in the downregulated Ofanto B688 1-2 map, only a -amylase was identified. The remaining spots were susceptible to
chymotripsin action but not to trypsin one, as in the case of the gluten protein. Rheol. measurements showed that gluten
73
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 quality was enhanced in the down-regulated Ofanto B688 1-2 without an increase in the amt. of gluten. Proteomics is a
useful and powerful tool for investigating protein changes in GMOs and in understanding events in food science and
technol.
Bibliographic Information
Stable Polymeric Microballoons as Multifunctional Device for Biomedical Uses: Synthesis and Characterization.
Cavalieri, Francesca; El Hamassi, Ali; Chiessi, Ester; Paradossi, Gaio.
Department of Chemical Sciences and
Technologies, University of Rome Tor Vergata and INFM, Rome, Italy. Langmuir (2005), 21(19), 8758-8764.
Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: LANGD5 ISSN: 0743-7463. Journal written in English. CAN
143:353234 AN 2005:729810 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Gas filled hollow microparticles, i.e., microbubbles and microballoons, are soft matter devices used in a no. of diverse
applications ranging from protein sepn. and purifn. in food science to drilling technol. and ultrasound imaging. Aq.
dispersions of these mesoscopic systems are characterized by the stabilization of the air/water interface by a thin shell
of phospholipid bilayer or multilayers or by a denatured and cross-linked proteic matrix. We present a study of a type
of microballoons based on modified poly(vinyl alc.), PVA, a synthetic biocompatible polymer, with new structural
features. A crosslinking reaction carried out at the air/water interface provides polymeric air-filled microbubbles with
av. dimensions depending on the reaction temp. Characterization of diams. and shell thicknesses for microbubbles
obtained at different temps. has been carried out. Conversion to solvent-filled hollow microcapsules is possible by
soaking microbubbles in DMSO. Microcapsules permeability to fluorescent labeled dextran mol. wt. stds. was
correlated to the mesh size of the polymer network of the shell. Microbubbles were covalently grafted under very mild
conditions with -cyclodextrin and poly-L-lysine with a view to assay the capability of the device for delivery of
hydrophobic drugs or DNA. PVA based microballoons show a remarkable shelf life of several months, their external
surface can be decorated with many biol. relevant mols. These features, together with a tested biocompatibility, make
them attractive candidates for use as multifunctional device for diagnosis and therapeutic purposes, i.e., as ultrasound
reflectors in ecog. investigation and as drug platforms for in situ sonoporation.
Bibliographic Information
Chitin related food science today (and two centuries ago).
Muzzarelli, Corrado; Muzzarelli, Riccardo A. A.
Institute of Biochemistry, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy. Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech (2003),
14(5), 39-42. Publisher: Tekno Scienze srl, CODEN: AIHTEI ISSN: 1722-6996. Journal; General Review written in
English. CAN 141:330924 AN 2004:362180 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review discussing some information on the activities going on in a botanical garden 2 centuries ago. The discovery
of chitin did not attract much attention for long, but today chitin is going to have a role in food technol. They focus on
most important current applications of chitosan in the food area, and emphasize the connection between the scientific
knowledge about the chitosans of animal origin and the food technol. relevant to plant products and their protection
from spoilage.
Bibliographic Information
Fingerprinting mass spectrometry by PTR-MS: heat treatment vs. pressure treatment of red orange juice-a case
study.
Biasioli, F.; Gasperi, F.; Aprea, E.; Colato, L.; Boscaini, E.; Mark, T. D. Istituto Agrario di S. Michele a/A,
S.Michele, Italy. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry (2003), 223-224(1-3), 343-353. Publisher: Elsevier
Science B.V., CODEN: IMSPF8 ISSN: 1387-3806. Journal written in English.
CAN 138:253900
AN
2002:916283 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
74
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) is more and more applied to rather different fields of research
and applications showing interesting performances where high sensitivity and fast monitoring of volatile org. compds.
(VOCs) are required. Based on this technique and aiming at the realization of an automatic system for routine
applications in food science and technol., a novel approach for fingerprinting mass spectrometric detection and anal. of
complex mixts. of VOCs was tested. In particular, corresponding head space (HS) sampling methods and possible data
anal. techniques were described and discussed. As a 1st test case, the properties of 4 red orange juices processed by
different stabilization methods starting from the same industrial batch: untreated juice, thermal pasteurized (flash and
std.) juice and high pressure stabilized juice was studied.
The possibility of a fast automatic
discrimination/classification of the samples with the further advantage, compared to the use of electronic noses, of
useful information on the mass of the discriminating compds. was demonstrated. Moreover, 1st comparisons with
discriminative anal. by a sensory panel shows evidence that there is a correlation between the ability of the PTR-MS to
distinguish different juice samples and that of a panel of trained judges with the obvious advantages of an instrumental
approach.
Bibliographic Information
Pesticides as food contaminants: a pilot project for correct public information.
Morasso, G.; Bolognesi, C.;
Duglio, E.; Musso, M. Psychology Department, National Cancer Research Institute, Genoa, Italy. Trends in Food
Science & Technology (2001), Volume Date 2000, 11(9-10), 379-382. Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd., CODEN:
TFTEEH ISSN: 0924-2244. Journal written in English. AN 2001:409297 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Despite the fact that scientific statements coming from several toxicol. studies provide a strong indication of the low
risk of pesticides residues [Bolognesi, C., Morasso, G. (in press) 'Genotoxicity of Pesticides: Potential Risk for
Consumers' Food Science & Technol.], the general population does not seem to have the same assurances as experts:
consumers' perception may widely differ from the orientation offered by health authorities [Slovic, P. (1987)
'Perception of Risk' in Science, 17 Apr., 236, 280-285; Segal, M. (1990) 'Is it Worth the Worry Detg. Risk' US Food
and Drug Administration; Forsythe, R.H. (1993) 'Risk: Reality Vs. Perception' in Poult. Sci. 72, 1152-1156; Sparks, P.
and Shephered, R. (1994) 'Public Perception of the Potential Hazards Assocd. with Food Prodn. and Food
Consumption: An Empirical Study' in Risk Anal. 14, 799-806; Knox, B. (2000) 'Consumer Perception and
Understanding of Risk from Food' in Br. Med. Bull. 56, 97-109]. This cognitive-evaluative process may affect
personal behavior or lifestyle and may induce consumers to reduce or eliminate the use of certain foods which they feel
contain pesticides [Fischhoff, B. and Dows, J.S. (1997) 'Communicating Foodborne Disease Risk' in Emerg. Infect.
Dis. 3, 489-495; Stili di vita e condizioni di salute. (1999) 'Sistema Statistico Nazionale', Istituto Nazionale di Statistica
(ISTAT)]. Therefore, authorities and educational experts should take objective assessment as well as subjective risk
perception into account to come to a higher awareness in the accomplishment of an appropriate food choice. Following
this premise and owing to the lack and unsuitability of information on the way pesticides are used in Italy, a new
information system on food, called NAFSA, was created to increase consumers' awareness.
Bibliographic Information
Foam in foods.
Russo, Claudio. Vendor Assurance Materie Prime Barilla Alimentare s..p..a., Parma, Italy.
Industrie Alimentari (Pinerolo, Italy) (2000), 39(391), 425-443. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: INALBB
ISSN: 0019-901X. Journal; General Review written in Italian. CAN 133:236940 AN 2000:435728 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This work examines the surface-active properties of proteins, protein foaming power, and foam stability in relation to
protein intrinsic properties, based on the fundamental studies by Graham and Phillips, and illustrates also the foaming
mechanism in the light of the present set of knowledge. A review with 77 refs. describing the available methods to
improve the foaming power of proteins: enzymic, phys. (including an overview of high-pressure treatment), and chem.
modifications. The most widely used protein systems are reviewed: egg albumen (and derived dehydrated products),
75
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 serum, gluten, and soy proteins. A description follows of the methods in use to measure foam characteristics for
practical systems, with also a brief outline of the methods for pure protein model systems, and for anal. data treatment.
The origin of the "Science in the kitchen" is briefly dealt with, of interest for food technol. as a whole, and in particular
for the science of colloidal systems, of which foams and emulsion are part.
Bibliographic Information
The food composition database for an Italian food frequency questionnaire.
Salvini, Simonetta; Gnagnarella,
Patrizia; Parpinel, Maria Teresa; Boyle, Peter; Decarli, Adriano; Ferraroni, Monica; Giacosa, Attilio; La Vecchia,
Carlo; Negri, Eva; Franceschi, Silvia. Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, European Institute of Oncology,
Italy. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis (1996), 9(1), 57-71. Publisher: Academic, CODEN: JFCAEE
ISSN: 0889-1575. Journal written in English. CAN 124:315496 AN 1996:249712 CAPLUS (Copyright (C)
2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
To interpret food consumption data from large epidemiol. studies, extended, up-to-date, and country-specific food
compn. tables are needed. A food compn. database was created for the anal. of dietary intake information from a large
case-control study starting from a large, unpublished database developed by the National Nutrition Institute of Rome,
Italy. The compn. of 252 food items in terms of 29 nutrients was checked according to well-defined methods, and
values for nutrients that were not included in that database were found from other sources. This is a first attempt to
create a well-documented, computerized food compn. database for use in an epidemiol. study in Italy: this effort will be
extended to a larger set of food items in a collaborative project involving several researchers and institutions in Italy.
Bibliographic Information
Science and society: protecting crop genetic diversity for food security: political, ethical and technical
challenges. Esquinas-Alcazar Jose FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Viale delle
Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy. [email protected] Nature reviews. Genetics (2005), 6(12), 946-53.
Journal code: 100962779. ISSN:1471-0056. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW)
written in English. PubMed ID 16341075 AN 2005658558 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library
of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Crop genetic diversity - which is crucial for feeding humanity, for the environment and for sustainable development - is
being lost at an alarming rate. Given the enormous interdependence of countries and generations on this genetic
diversity, this loss raises critical socio-economic, ethical and political questions. The recent ratification of a binding
international treaty, and the development of powerful new technologies to conserve and use resources more effectively,
have raised expectations that must now be fulfilled.
Bibliographic Information
Composition of platelet phospholipids after moderate consumption of red wine in healthy volunteers.
Pellegrini N; Simonetti P; Brusamolino A; Bottasso B; Pareti F I
Department of Food Science and Technology,
University of Milan, Italy
European journal of clinical nutrition (1996), 50(8), 535-44. Journal code: 8804070.
ISSN:0954-3007. (CLINICAL TRIAL); (COMPARATIVE STUDY); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE);
(RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID 8863014 AN 97016379 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of moderate consumption of red wine on composition of platelet phospholipids,
discriminating the effect of alcohol from that of non-alcoholic components. DESIGN: A randomised crossover study.
76
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 SETTING: The Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Milan. SUBJECTS: Eleven healthy male
volunteers who were moderate drinkers. INTERVENTIONS: For three periods of 4 weeks, subjects drank three
different beverages [320 ml of red wine (providing 30 g/day of alcohol), 30 g/day of alcohol diluted in 320 ml of clear
fruit juice or 320 ml of dealcoholised red wine] during the two main meals. Each treatment was preceded by a period of
4 weeks of complete withdrawal from any alcoholic beverage. At the end of each period the fatty acid composition of
individual phospholipids was determined on isolated platelets. RESULTS: Consumption for a period of 4 weeks of
non-alcoholic components either from 320 ml of red wine or from the same amount of dealcoholised red wine resulted
in similar increases in polyunsaturated fatty acids in all phospholipid fractions of platelet, with the exception of
sphingomyelin. No differences were detected when we compared the composition of phospholipids at the end of red
wine and alcohol treatments with findings at the end of dealcoholised treatment and abstinence. CONCLUSIONS: The
increase of polyunsaturated fatty acids in platelet phospholipids due to the non-alcoholic components of red wine
suggests an antioxidant effect that could be relevant in justifying the protective effect of red wine shown in
epidemiological studies.
Bibliographic Information
Effects of moderate consumption of red wine on platelet aggregation and haemostatic variables in healthy
volunteers.
Pellegrini N; Pareti F I; Stabile F; Brusamolino A; Simonetti P
Department of Food Science and
Technology, University of Milan, Italy
European journal of clinical nutrition (1996), 50(4), 209-13. Journal code:
8804070. ISSN:0954-3007. (CLINICAL TRIAL); (COMPARATIVE STUDY); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE); (RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in
English. PubMed ID 8730606 AN 96276567 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of moderate consumption of red wine on platelet aggregation and haemostatic
variables, discriminating the effect of alcohol from that of non-alcoholic components. DESIGN: A randomised
crossover study. SETTING: The Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Milan. SUBJECTS:
Eleven healthy male volunteers who were moderate drinkers. INTERVENTIONS: For three periods of four weeks,
subjects drank three different beverages [320 ml of red wine (providing 30 g/day of alcohol), 30 g/day of alcohol
diluted in 320 ml of clear fruit juice or 320 ml of dealcoholised red wine] during the two main meals. Each treatment
was preceded by a period of four weeks of complete withdrawal from any alcoholic beverage. At the end of each
period platelet aggregation after collagen and ADP stimulus, and levels of fibrinogen, plasminogen, tissue-type
plasminogen activator (t-PA) antigen and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were determined. RESULTS: Consumption for
a period of four weeks of 30 g/day of alcohol either from red wine or alcohol resulted in similar decreases of collageninduced platelet aggregation and fibrinogen levels. ADP-induced platelet aggregation, t-PA antigen, vWF and
plasminogen levels were not affected by any treatment. No differences were detected when we compared platelet
function and the other haemostatic variables at the end of red wine and dealcoholised treatments with findings at the end
of alcohol treatment and abstinence. CONCLUSIONS: The well known positive effect of moderate consumption of red
wine on haemostasis seems due to alcohol and not to the non-alcoholic fraction present in red wine.
77
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Food Industry
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permission. © Crown Copyright. The French (FR) patent material in this
product/service is made available from Institut National de la Propriete
Industrielle (INPI).)
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from GenBank(R). See also: Benson D.A., Karsch-Mizrachi I., Lipman D.J.,
Ostell J., Rapp B.A., Wheeler D.L. Genbank. Nucl. Acids Res. 28(1):15-18
(2000). Property values tagged with IC are from the ZIC/VINITI data file
provided by InfoChem.) CAS Registry is a service mark of the American
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CAS, CASREACT contains reactions derived from the following sources:
ZIC/VINITI database (journals 1974-1999, patents 1982-1999) provided by
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CHEMLIST, CHEMCATS: Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society. All Rights Reserved.
Bibliographic Information
Amperometric detection of carbohydrates and thiols by using a glassy carbon electrode coated with Co
oxide/multi-wall carbon nanotubes catalytic system.
Buratti, Susanna; Brunetti, Barbara; Mannino, Saverio.
Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Milan, Via Celoria 2, Milan, Italy. Talanta (2008),
76(2), 454-457. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: TLNTA2 ISSN: 0039-9140. Journal written in English. AN
79
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 2008:668129 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A glassy carbon electrode coated with cobalt oxide/multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) system was used for the
detection of carbohydrates and thiols. The modification of the glassy carbon electrode increased the anodic current
response of these org. compds. and decreased their overvoltage. The amperometric responses were extremely stable
with no loss of sensitivity over many days of storage. Such attractive performance characteristics indicate great
promise for using this new catalytic system for monitoring in fast and simple way compds. of great interest for food
industry, biotechnol. and clin. diagnostics.
Bibliographic Information
S100B protein concentration in milk-formulas for preterm and term infants. Correlation with industrial
preparation procedures.
Nigro, Francesco; Gagliardi, Luigi; Ciotti, Sabina; Galvano, Fabio; Pietri, Amedeo; Tina,
Gabriella Lucia; Cavallaro, Daniela; La Fauci, Luca; Iacopino, Leonardo; Bognanno, Matteo; Li Volti, Giovanni;
Scacco, Antonio; Michetti, Fabrizio; Gazzolo, Diego.
Department of Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Health, G.
Garibaldi Hospital, Catania, Italy.
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research (2008), 52(5), 609-613. Publisher:
Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, CODEN: MNFRCV ISSN: 1613-4125. Journal written in English. AN
2008:663367 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Human milk S100B protein possesses important neurotrophic properties. However, in some conditions human milk is
substituted by milk formulas. The aims of the present study were: to assess S100B concns. in milk formulas, to verify
any differences in S100B levels between preterm and term infant formulas and to evaluate the impact of industrial
prepn. at predetd. phases on S100B content. Two different set of samples were tested: (i) com. preterm (n = 36) and
term (n = 36) infant milk formulas; ii) milk preterm (n = 10) and term infant (n = 10) formulas sampled at the following
predetd. industrial prepn. time points: skimmed cow milk (Time 0); after protein sources supplementation (Time 1);
after pasteurization (Time 2); after spray-drying (Time 3). Our results showed that S100B concn. in preterm formulas
were higher than in term ones (p < 0.01). In addn., S100B concns. during industrial prepn. showed a significant
increase (p < 0.001) at Time 1 followed by a slight decrease (p > 0.05) at Time 2, whereas a significant (p < 0.001) dip
was obsd. at Time 3. In conclusion, S100B showed a sufficient thermostability to resist pasteurization but not sprydrying. New feeding strategies in preterm and term infants are therefore warranted in order to preserve S100B protein
during industrial prepn.
Bibliographic Information
Detection of bacteriocin production and virulence traits in vancomycin-resistant enterococci of different
sources.
Sabia, C.; de Niederhausern, S.; Guerrieri, E.; Messi, P.; Anacarso, I.; Manicardi, G.; Bondi, M.
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio E., Modena, Italy.
Journal of Applied
Microbiology (2008), 104(4), 970-979. Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., CODEN: JAMIFK ISSN: 1364-5072.
Journal written in English. AN 2008:615928 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Aim: Three hundred and two enterococci were isolated from food, animal and clin. samples in order to evaluate the
incidence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and bacteriocin, cytolysin, haemolysin, gelatinase prodn.
Methods and Results: Among the isolates, 27 (8.9%) were VRE, and 17 (63%) of these showed, by the deferred
antagonism method, bacteriocin prodn. against Gram-pos. and some Gram-neg. indicators. Eight bacteriocin producers
displayed by polymerase chain reaction an enterocin structural gene: six Enterococcus faecium the Enterocin A, two
Enterococcus faecalis the Enterocin P genes. The enterocins AS-48, 31, L50 and 1071A/B genes were not found.
Regarding the virulence factors, two VRE produced gelatinase and seven were haemolytic. Gelatinase gelE gene was
found in 19 strains and cytolysin cylLL gene in eight. Among the strains showing the cylLL gene, only two E. faecalis
expressed a -haemolysis. Conclusions: Our results showed the persistence of VRE in food, animal and clin. samples.
80
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Many of these strains displayed antibacterial activity and sometimes different components of virulence, which could
emphasize their pathogenicity. Significance and Impact of the Study: This work indicates the need of a const.
monitoring of enterococci in order to assess their possible pathogenic properties. The strains of interest in the food
industry or used as probiotics should be tested for antibiotic resistance and virulence traits.
Bibliographic Information
Exploring the potential of membrane bioreactors to enhance metals removal from wastewater: pilot experiences.
Fatone, F.; Eusebi, A. L.; Pavan, P.; Battistoni, P. Department of Science and Technology, University of Verona,
Verona, Italy.
Water Science and Technology (2008), 57(4), 505-511. Publisher: IWA Publishing, CODEN:
WSTED4 ISSN: 0273-1223. Journal written in English. AN 2008:615914 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The potential of membrane bioreactors to enhance the removal of selected metals from low loaded sewages has been
explored. A 1400 L pilot plant, equipped with an industrial submerged module of hollow fiber membranes, has been
used in three different configurations: membrane bioreactor, operating in sequencing batch modality, for the treatment
of real mixed municipal/industrial wastewater; membrane-assisted biosorption reactor, for the treatment of real leachate
from municipal landfills; continuously fed membrane bioreactor, for the treatment of water charged with cadmium and
nickel ions. The results show that: (a) in treating wastewaters with low levels of heavy metals (< one milligram per L
concn.), operating high sludge ages is not an effective strategy to significantly enhance the metals removal; (b) Hg and
Cd are effectively removed already in conventional systems with gravitational final clarifiers, while Cu, Cr, Ni can rely
on a addnl. performance in membrane bioreactors; (c) the further membrane effect is remarkable for Cu and Cr, while it
is less significant for Ni. Basically, similar membrane effects recur in three different exptl. applications that let us est.
the potential of membrane system to retain selected metal complexes. The future development of the research will
investigate the relations between the membrane effect and the manipulate filtration parameters (i.e., permeate flux,
solids content, filtration cycle).
Bibliographic Information
Granulation device.
Bonita, Antonio. (Vima Impianti S.r.l., Italy). PCT Int. Appl. (2008), 17pp. CODEN:
PIXXD2 WO 2008059343 A2 20080522 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH,
BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH,
GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KM, KN, KP, KR, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LY, MA,
MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RS, RU, SC, SD, SE,
SG, SK, SL, SM, SV, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR,
GB, GR, IE, IS, IT, LU, MC, MT, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent
written in English. Application: WO 2007-IB3462 20071113. Priority: IT 2006-779 20061115. AN 2008:615227
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2008059343
Kind
A2
Date
Application No.
Date
20080522
WO 2007-IB3462
20071113
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA,
CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI,
GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KM,
KN, KP, KR, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG,
MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL,
PT, RO, RS, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, SV, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR,
TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT,
LT, LU, LV, MC, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG,
CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG, BW, GH, GM, KE,
81
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 LS, MW, MZ, NA, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ,
MD, RU, TJ, TM
Priority Application
IT 2006-BO779
A
20061115
Abstract
The granulation device comprises a wet granulation unit having a chamber for mixing a powder product with
appropriate binding agents and a dry granulation unit having a chamber for mixing a product exiting from the wet
granulation unit. The dry granulation unit is operatively connected with the wet granulation unit. The app. has means
for purifying the air used in the granulation process. The app. is suitable for use in the chem., drug, and food processing
industries.
Bibliographic Information
Detection of microbial concentration in ice-cream using the impedance technique.
Grossi, M.; Lanzoni, M.;
Pompei, A.; Lazzarini, R.; Matteuzzi, D.; Ricco, B. Department of Electronic Engineering (D.E.I.S.), University of
Bologna, Via Risorgimento 8, Bologna, Italy. Biosensors & Bioelectronics (2008), 23(11), 1616-1623. Publisher:
Elsevier B.V., CODEN: BBIOE4 ISSN: 0956-5663. Journal written in English. AN 2008:576350 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The detection of microbial concn., essential for safe and high quality food products, is traditionally made with the plate
count technique, that is reliable, but also slow and not easily realized in the automatic form, as required for direct use in
industrial machines. To this purpose, the method based on impedance measurements represents an attractive alternative
since it can produce results in about 10 h, instead of the 24-48 h needed by std. plate counts and can be easily realized in
automatic form. In this paper such a method has been exptl. studied in the case of ice-cream products. In particular, all
main ice-cream compns. of real interest have been considered and no nutrient media has been used to dil. the samples.
A measurement set-up has been realized using benchtop instruments for impedance measurements on samples whose
bacteria concn. was independently measured by means of std. plate counts. The obtained results clearly indicate that
impedance measurement represents a feasible and reliable technique to detect total microbial concn. in ice-cream,
suitable to be implemented as an embedded system for industrial machines.
Bibliographic Information
Composition of Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Commercial Aqueous Smoke Flavorings.
Soldera, Susi; Sebastianutto, Nerina; Bortolomeazzi, Renzo.
Department of Food Science, University of Udine,
Udine, Italy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2008), 56(8), 2727-2734. Publisher: American Chemical
Society, CODEN: JAFCAU ISSN: 0021-8561. Journal written in English. CAN 148:470311 AN 2008:345455
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The antioxidant activity of 12 aq. com. smoke flavorings used in the food industry was detd. by 2 methods: bleaching of
the carotenoid crocin and scavenging of the DPPH radical. The reaction with the DPPH radical was evaluated by calcg.
the effective concn. (EC50) and the antiradical efficiency (AE). A gas chromatog.-mass spectrometry method was,
moreover, used for the detn. of 2-methoxyphenols, 2,6-dimethoxyphenols, and dihydroxybenzenes.
The
methoxyphenols were extd. from the aq. smoke by dichloromethane, and also the residue aq. phase was analyzed to det.
the more water-sol. dihydroxybenzenes. The recovery and the repeatability of the method are reported. The total
phenolic concns. of the smoke flavorings showed a wide range, from about 1000 to 25,000 mg/kg. Considering the 3
classes of compds., the concns. were about 300-3000 mg/kg for the 2-methoxyphenols, 200-11,000 mg/kg for the 2,6dimethoxyphenols, and 140-10,000 mg/kg for the dihydroxybenzenes. The range of the antioxidant activities of the
82
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 smoke flavorings was wide, reflecting the wide range of the phenolic concns. Good correlations were obtained between
the total phenolic concn. and the antioxidant activities detd. by both the DPPH and crocin assays.
Bibliographic Information
Thermal cycling stability of Cr-N thin films deposited on stainless steel.
Paternoster, Carlo; Fabrizi, Alberto;
Cecchini, Raimondo; Choquet, P.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universita Politecnica delle Marche,
Ancona, Italy. High Temperature Materials and Processes (Tel Aviv, Israel) (2007), 26(5-6), 349-353. Publisher:
Freund Publishing House Ltd., CODEN: HTMPEF ISSN: 0334-6455. Journal written in English. AN 2008:303200
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Stainless steels have several industrial uses, such as in industrial plants, food manuf., furniture and lighting applications.
Hard ceramic coatings are often used to improve steel surface properties, such as hardness, wear resistance and friction.
In this work, 150 nm thick Cr-N coatings deposited on AISI 304L by D.c. (DC) reactive sputtering were studied.
Structural and morphol. characterizations by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), At. Force Microscopy (AFM) and SEM (SEM)
were carried out before and after thermal cycling at different temps. It was found that thermal cycling induces Cr-N
oxidn. with the progressive formation of Cr2O3 crystallites. Increase of coating surface roughness, cracking and
detachment from the substrate occurs for temps. above 910 K.
Bibliographic Information
A computational tool to verify acrylamide formation.
Carrieri, Gabriella; de Bonis, Maria Valeria; Ruocco,
Gianpaolo. CFDfood, Dip. Tecnico Economico (DITEC), Universita degli studi della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy.
Industrie Alimentari (Pinerolo, Italy) (2008), 47(476), 12-17. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori sas, CODEN: INALBB
ISSN: 0019-901X. Journal written in Italian. CAN 148:494224 AN 2008:241764 CAPLUS (Copyright (C)
2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Computational anal. based on methodologies of transport phenomena allows to simulate and verify food processes
using computer models. Such modeling is an innovative programming tool in food industry as it can guide and assist
the new product design, processing, and related plant equipment. The use of computational technol. (computational
fluid dynamics) was applied to the prediction of harmful mol. (acrylamide) formation during food (French fry frying)
processing. Multidimensional driving factors favoring the acrylamide formation during frying of potato fries are
analyzed.
Bibliographic Information
Microbial carbohydrate esterases in cold adapted environments.
Aurilia, Vincenzo; Parracino, Antonietta;
D'Auria, Sabato. Laboratory for Molecular Sensing, Institute of Protein Biochemistry, C.N.R., Naples, Italy. Gene
(2008), 410(2), 234-240. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: GENED6 ISSN: 0378-1119. Journal; General Review
written in English. CAN 148:441706 AN 2008:231744 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Psychrophiles produce cold-evolved enzymes that display a high catalytic efficiency, assocd. with a low
thermal stability. In recent years, these enzymes have attracted the attention of scientists because of their peculiar
properties that render them particularly useful in investigating the relationship existing between enzyme stability and
flexibility on one hand, and enzyme activity on the other hand. Among these enzymes, the esterases, and particularly
the feruloyl esterases, have potential uses over a broad range of applications in the agro-food industries. In recent years,
the no. of microbial feruloyl esterase activities has increased in the growing genome databases. Based on substrate
utilization data and supported by primary sequence identity, four subclasses of esterase have been characterized so far.
Up to the present, ten genomes from psychrophilic bacteria have been completely sequenced and addnl. fourteen
83
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 genomes are under investigation. From the bacteria strains whose genome has been completely sequenced, we analyzed
the presence of esterase genes, both the putative genes and the detd. exptl. genes, and performed a ClustalW anal. for
feruloyl esterases. Major details will be presented for the ORF PSHAa1385 from P. haloplanktis TAC125 that recently
has been studied in our research group. In addn., the potential biotechnol. applications of this class of enzymes will be
discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Genes expressed in Blue Fin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus) liver and gonads.
Chini, Valentina; Cattaneo, Anna
Giulia; Rossi, Federica; Bernardini, Giovanni; Terova, Genciana; Saroglia, Marco; Gornati, Rosalba. Dipartimento di
Biotecnologie e Scienze Molecolari, Universita dell'Insubria, Varese, Italy.
Gene (2008), 410(1), 207-213.
Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: GENED6 ISSN: 0378-1119. Journal written in English. CAN 148:441963 AN
2008:231710 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Blue Fin Tuna (BFT), Thunnus thynnus, has been seriously endangered by global massive overfishing and by the
pollution of marine environment. Feeding and fattening of caught tuna in marine cages is a recent resource, but the
development of a self-sustained aquaculture activity, being independent from the supply of wild fish, is required from
both industrial and conservation perspectives. At this scope, several tech. problems have to be solved and the control of
reprodn. is the cardinal one. Beside the technol. developments of farming facilities and protocols, a mol. approach
seems promising for the studies of appropriate nutritional strategies, reprodn. physiol. and animal welfare, as well as
lifestyle and response to endocrine disruptor pollutants. In this context, we have started an EST project on this species
sequencing 2743, 2907, and 3014 clones from expression libraries of ovary, testis and liver, resp., and 1499 clones from
an ovary normalized library. Thanks to this project, we have identified several sequences with known function in other
organisms, but not previously described in this species. Among the new genes, 712 were found only in the expression
library of the ovary, 613 in that of the testis and 318 in that of the liver, while 324 addnl. genes were shared by two or
more expression libraries; other 127 genes not found in the expression libraries were obtained from the ovary
normalized library. This represents a contribution to the knowledge of the mol. basis of BFT and a necessary step for
facilitating further mol. studies on this species.
Bibliographic Information
Antioxidants in nervine foods: total polyphenols, catechins and proanthocyanidins.
Chiacchierini, E.; Eramo,
S. L. M.; Restuccia, D.; Vinci, G.; Recchia, L. Dipartimento per le Tecnologie, le Risorse e lo Sviluppo, Universita
La Sapienza, Rome, Italy. Ingredienti Alimentari (2007), 6(6), 9-13. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori sas, CODEN:
IANLBJ ISSN: 1594-0543. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN 148:470256
AN 2008:226787
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The nervine (nervous system stimulating) beverages, such as tea, coffee, cocoa/chocolate, have high concns.
of phenolic compds. with antioxidant activity. The antioxidant compds. may protect from damage by free radicals
during oxidative stress. Industrial food processing causes drastic changes in chem. compn. and biol. activities of tea,
coffee, and chocolate polyphenols. The prepn. of beverages before use may also influence the amt. of polophenol
compds. It is important to analyze the antioxidant activity, total phenolic content, and the amts. of procyanidins and
their possible correlations. Recent literature data are presented.
Bibliographic Information
A testing facility for refrigerating plants equipment working with new fluids.
Dispenza, C.; La Rocca, V.;
Panno, G.; Morale, M.; Dispenza, A.; Panno, D. Dipartimento di Ricerche Energetiche ed Ambientali, Universita
degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, Italy. International Congress of Refrigeration: Refrigeration Creates the Future,
22nd, Beijing, China, Aug. 21-26, 2007 (2007), b2888/1-b2888/8. Publisher: International Institute of Refrigeration,
Paris, Fr CODEN: 69KKFK Conference; Computer Optical Disk written in English. AN 2008:195117 CAPLUS
84
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
DREAM of the University of Palermo in the framework of a Program granted by MIUR (PRIN 2001, Project No.
2001098981) built a Facility (a Test Rig) belonging to the Lab. of Refrigerating Engineering for test runs with a lot of
fluid and equipment of various kind for Com. Refrigeration. The facility has been continuously improved during the
past years and allows to perform expts. aiming to assess the performance characteristics both of conventional and new
equipment for com. refrigeration. In the Test Rig can be tested a lot of cooling loop filled with a secondary fluid for
simulation of their behavior in industrial and com. plants (e.g.: during exploitation in Supermarket and Hypermarket for
refrigeration of foodstuffs in cold store, display cases and cabinets, etc). The Paper deals with a presentation of the
Exptl. facility and a perspective of the expts. which have been performed and which will be planned using the Test Rig
for each duty and reports main results both of the expts. performed in the past years and future expts. planned.
Bibliographic Information
Chromatographic evaluation of chlorophyll derivatives in pasta-based food products: effects of pasteurization
treatments and correlation with sensory profiles.
Suman, Michele; De Maria, Roberta; Catellani, Dante. Central
Research Labs, Barilla GR F.lli SpA, Parma, Italy. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (2008), 88(3),
471-478. Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., CODEN: JSFAAE ISSN: 0022-5142. Journal written in English.
CAN 148:377872 AN 2008:187687 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The degree of greenness, attributed to chlorophyll pigments, is important in detg. the final quality and consumer appeal
of processed industrial food. Thermal pasteurization treatments are usually applied to improve the mech. and microbiol.
stability of pasta. This research study was focused on the investigation of the effects from these treatments on
chlorophylls and their derivs. A second aim was the correlation between the organoleptic changes and the decompn. of
chlorophylls present in spinach filled pasta. High-performance liq. chromatog.-diode array detection and liq.
chromatog.-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry were used to sep. and characterize pigments in dried spinach
lasagna. The progressive redn. of chlorophylls and the simultaneous increase in derivs. were followed in the prodn.
steps. Furthermore, chlorophyll-derived pigments present in spinach-filled pasta products were monitored during shelflife: a complete degrdn. was confirmed around the sixth to seventh month, in agreement with the corresponding
organoleptic tests. The adopted chromatog. and mass spectrometric techniques have proven to be successful in the estn.
of pigment stability during steam treatments used for the prodn. of dried spinach pasta. The possibility of exploiting
chlorophylls and pheophytins as good markers for predicting the shelf-life of food products enriched with edible grasses
has also been demonstrated, correlating anal. measurements with sensory profiles.
Bibliographic Information
Isolation and identification of Listeria monocytogenes in processed meat by a combined cultural-molecular
method.
Ingianni, Angela; Quartuccio, Marta; Madeddu, Maria Antonietta; Sanna, Adriana; Dessi, Sandro; Pompei,
Raffaello. Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biomediche, Universita di Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy. American
Journal of Infectious Diseases (2007), 3(3), 159-164. Publisher: Science Publications, CODEN: AJIDAC ISSN:
1553-6203. Journal written in English. CAN 148:516078 AN 2008:65077 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The isolation and identification of Listeria monocytogenes in processed meat samples by a combined cultural-mol.
method is described. It allows the identification of Listeria strains by means of a hybridization technique with a specific
DNA probe directed to the listerial internalin gene. The specificity of this method was found to be 100% and sensitivity
was as low as 1 CFU/2.5 g of food sample. A total of 278 meat samples were tested in comparison with PCR and
conventional cultural assays. A total of 42 (15.4%) L. monocytogenes were detected. PCR anal. gave 3 false neg.
results and culture failed to detect the Listeria in 5 cases. With this cultural-mol. method the identification and quant.
85
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 detection of L. monocytogenes were achieved within 36 h and no false pos. or neg. tests were obtained, thus fitting most
food industry requirements.
Bibliographic Information
Taxanes from shells and leaves of Corylus avellana.
Ottaggio, Laura; Bestoso, Federica; Armirotti, Andrea;
Balbi, Alessandro; Damonte, Gianluca; Mazzei, Mauro; Sancandi, Monica; Miele, Mariangela.
Department of
Translational Oncology, National Institute for Cancer Research, IST, Genoa, Italy. Journal of Natural Products
(2008), 71(1), 58-60. Publisher: American Chemical Society-American Society of Pharmacognosy, CODEN:
JNPRDF ISSN: 0163-3864. Journal written in English.
CAN 148:258074
AN 2008:15701
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Paclitaxel is an effective antineoplastic agent originally extd. in low yield from the bark of Taxus brevifolia. Although
it was generally considered a particular metabolite of Taxus sp., paclitaxel was recently found in hazel cell cultures.
The aim of the present work was to verify whether hazel differentiated tissues could be used as a com. source of
paclitaxel and other taxanes. Thus, shells and leaves of hazel plants were analyzed by ELISA and HPLC-MS. Both
shell and leaf exts. contained taxanes. Among these, paclitaxel, 10-deacetylbaccatin III, baccatin III, paclitaxel C, and
7-epipaclitaxel were identified and quantified. Hazel exts. also showed biol. activity, inhibiting metaphase to anaphase
transition in a human tumor cell line. The level of total taxanes in leaves was higher than in shells collected in the same
period from the same plants. However, the finding of these compds. in shells, which are considered discarded material
and are mass produced by many food industries, is of interest for the future availability of paclitaxel and other
antineoplastic compds.
Bibliographic Information
Standard and Light-Cycler PCR methods for animal DNA species detection in animal feedstuffs.
Frezza,
Domenico; Giambra, Vincenzo; Chegdani, Fatima; Fontana, Cecilia; Maccabiani, Giampietro; Losio, Nadia;
Faggionato, Elena; Chiappini, Barbara; Vaccari, Gabriele; von Holst, Christoph; Lanni, Luigi; Saccares, Stefano;
Ajmone-Marsan, Paolo. Department di Biologia "Enrico Calef", Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies (2008), 9(1), 18-23. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd., CODEN: IFSEBO
ISSN: 1466-8564. Journal written in English.
AN 2007:1408120
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In this work four species-specific primers and probes were designed and evaluated for the detection and quantification
of bovine, ovine, swine and chicken mitochondrial DNA in feeds. PCR primers were optimized using conventional and
Real Time PCR, to detect short species-specific sequences amplifiable from heat treated material. Both methods
confirmed the high specificity of the primers designed. Real time quant. PCR assay allowed the detection of as few as
0.01 ng and 0.05 ng of ovine and bovine genomic DNA, resp. The detection limit for swine and chicken genomic DNA
was 0.5 ng. Sensitivity levels obsd. in DNA extd. from meat samples processed according to EU legislation were
different compared to those in genomic DNAs previously described. They resulted in swine 5 fg of MBM DNA, in
chicken 25 ng, in ovine and bovine 50 ng. We confirmed the efficiency and specificity of primers in RT-PCR to detect
0.5% of bovine, ovine, swine and chicken MBM in contaminated feedstuffs. Industrial relevance: The variant
Creutzfeldt Jakob disease is a rare and fatal human neurodegenerative condition clearly linked with the bovine
spongiform encephalopathies (BSE) of cattle. The ban of using animal derived protein in animal feeds has efficiently
controlled the development of the BSE epidemic. The work presented by Frezza and collaborators is an application of
the real time polymerase chain reaction (a std. procedure used in mol. biol. also known as RT-PCR) to identify specific
DNA of four animal species (bovine, ovine, swine and chicken). This method is applied to the anal. of feeds to detect
and eventually est. the amt. of animal derived proteins. The difficult aim to detect DNA derived from heat-treated
material was successfully reached using as target short mitochondrial DNA sequences. The method presented could
have important application not only in the control of feed prodn. but also in many fields of the food industry as quality
and process control.
86
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
A rapid analytical technique for determining oxidation stability of food products.
Maiocchi, P.; Bersellini, U.
VELP Scientifica, Italy. Editor(s): Van Amerongen, A.; Barug, D.; Lauwaars, M. Rapid Methods for Food and Feed
Quality Determination (2007),
117-124. Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, Neth
CODEN: 69KCHW Conference written in English. CAN 148:401531 AN 2007:1362436 CAPLUS (Copyright
(C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The food industry is continually developing new products to explore new market opportunities. The success of any new
development is based on getting the right product to the right market area at the right price. The detn. of product shelf
life is fundamental to its quality and, therefore, a key factor to its final success. Many changes in formulas or
technologies occur, so the importance of gaining the necessary information for detg. product shelf life cannot be
stressed enough. A rapid anal. technique was used to examine fat oxidn., which is a main factor affecting product shelf
life. This approach provides valuable information on oxidn. stability of raw materials and food products.
Bibliographic Information
Optimization of conditions for profiling bacterial populations in food by culture-independent methods.
Cocolin, Luca; Diez, Ana; Urso, Rosalinda; Rantsiou, Kalliopi; Comi, Giuseppe; Bergmaier, Ingrid; Beimfohr, Claudia.
Dipartimento di Valorizzazione e Protezione delle Risorse Agroforestali, University of Turin, Grugliasco, Turin, Italy.
International Journal of Food Microbiology (2007), 120(1-2), 100-109. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd., CODEN: IJFMDD
ISSN: 0168-1605. Journal written in English. CAN 148:448178 AN 2007:1293989 CAPLUS (Copyright (C)
2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In this study we used culture-independent methods to profile bacterial populations in food products. Denaturing
gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were employed in order to identify
bacterial species without the need of isolation and biochem. identification. The protocols used to ext. the DNA,
subsequently subjected to PCR amplification for DGGE, as well as the hybridization procedure for FISH, were
optimized. Moreover, an extensive study on the primers and probes to be used for the direct detection and identification
of microorganisms commonly found in food, was carried out. Meat and cheese samples, fresh or processed, were
subjected to DGGE and FISH anal. and the results obtained highlighted how the processing in food industry is
decreasing the bacterial biodiversity. Not only processed cheese or meat but also fermented products were dominated
by only one or few species. Lactobacillus sakei, Lactobacillus curvatus and Brochothrix thermosphacta were the main
species found in meat products, while in cheese(s) Lactococcus lactis, Streptococcus thermophilus and Leuconostoc
spp. were repeatedly detected. The results obtained by the two culture-independent methods used always correlated
well.
Bibliographic Information
Simulation study of water gas shift reaction in a membrane reactor.
Brunetti, A.; Caravella, A.; Barbieri, G.;
Drioli, E. National Research Council-Institute for Membrane Technology (ITM-CNR), The University of Calabria,
Rende CS, Italy. Journal of Membrane Science (2007), 306(1+2), 329-340. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN:
JMESDO ISSN: 0376-7388. Journal written in English.
CAN 148:57703
AN 2007:1292676
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The water gas shift (WGS) reaction is an important step of hydrogen prodn. in industrial cycles for upgrading H2 rich
streams by CO conversion present in syngas mixts. WGS was studied in a Pd-alloy membrane reactor (MR) by a nonisothermal math. model using, as main parameter, Damkoehler's no. (Da), the ratio of characteristic times of flow rate
87
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 and reaction, in a temp. range of 220-320 . Two different reactant equimol. feed streams were considered: one contg.
only CO and H2O, the other contg. also H2 and CO2 of higher industrial interest. The permeation driving force was
generated by feed pressure ranging 200-1500 kPa which allows a good H2 recovery index (up to 95%) and a retentate
stream rich (up to 80%) in CO2. No sweep gas was used; therefore, a pure H2 stream is obtained as permeate. CO
conversion, H2 recovery index and its partial pressure are the main variables used for analyzing the MR performance
and showing its advantages with respect to a TR in the large feed pressure range. In addn., the vol. index and
conversion index are introduced for the first time and proposed as simple tools analyzing the vol. redn. or improved
conversion shown by MRs; both lead to the catalyst amt. and reactor size being reduced. The two new indexes
proposed by membrane engineering open a window on the anal. of MRs for H2 prodn. and CO2 sepn. for the process
intensification strategy. This paper describes a modeling anal. of a packed-bed membrane reactor involving dense PdAg com. permselective membrane.
Bibliographic Information
Analytical screening of polyadipates and other plasticisers in poly(vinyl chloride) gasket seals and in fatty food
by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Ezerskis, Z.; Morkunas, V.; Suman, M.; Simoneau, C. Institute for
Health and Consumer Protection, Physical and Chemical Exposure Unit, European Commission DG - Joint Research
Centre, Ispra (VA), Italy. Analytica Chimica Acta (2007), 604(1), 29-38. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN:
ACACAM ISSN: 0003-2670. Journal written in English.
CAN 148:111728
AN 2007:1278967
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Fourteen poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) gasket seals and 15 samples of pesto, tomatoes sauces, olive oil and olives in oil
were analyzed for the additives and plasticizers. The systematic screening of the representative samples revealed that
epoxidized soybean oil (ESBO) was the principal plasticizer in eight gaskets and the concns. of the substance ranged
from 15% to 42%. Diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) as main plasticizer was revealed in three samples and the amt. ranged
from 37 to 41%. Polyadipate was added in four samples at 16-46%. The concn. of ESBO exceeded 60 mg kg-1 in
three food samples with extreme at 281.9 mg kg-1 and av. 61.3 mg kg-1. Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) was
detected in six food samples and it ranged from 2.5 to 8.7 mg kg-1. The concn. of DEHP exceeded SML (3 mg kg-1) in
five cases. The concn. of total polyadipate (PA) was 16.3 mg kg-1 in av. All eight pos. food samples for total PA
showed the concns. below SML (30 mg kg-1), which are specified for the fraction of polyadipates <1000 Da. The
migration rate of polyadipate in the food ranged from 1 to 7%. At such low transfer rate the polyadipates could be
promising plasticizers for PVC gasket seals used in food industry.
Bibliographic Information
Efficiency of extracting vitamin E from plant sources.
Sacchetti, Gianni; Bruni, Renato. Dipartimento delle
Risorse Naturali e Culturali, Laboratorio di Biologia Farmaceutica e Biotransformazioni, Universita degli Studi di
Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy. Editor(s): Preedy, Victor R.; Watson, Ronald R. Encyclopedia of Vitamin E (2007), 122139. Publisher: CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK CODEN: 69JZU7 Conference; General Review written in
English. CAN 148:115699 AN 2007:1268255 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Alimentary and pharmaceutical dietary research is increasingly focusing on nutraceuticals. In fact, from
cosmetics to functional foods, from the herbal market to the food preservation industries, a wide spectrum of
applications involves the use of antioxidants of natural origin. A sector where a noticeable amt. of data have already
been generated is linked to the optimization of extractive processes from antioxidant-rich plant sources. Among them,
vitamin E plays a pivotal role, both for its efficacy and for its relatively common presence in many natural sources.
Tocopherols and tocotrienols (vitamin E isomers) are well-known natural lipophilic antioxidants, and besides their
known activity as free radical scavengers they are also deemed to be able to counteract the onset of pathologies related
to fat and cholesterol consumption in the diet. During the last decades, a huge no. of matrixes and extn. methods have
been optimized to set up adequate, faster, cheaper and healthier techniques for vitamin E isolation. With the aim of
providing an overview of the most common methods available for both anal. and preparative purposes, the most
88
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 significant and recent bibliog. was summarized, devoting particular attention to methods with better perspectives for the
health and herbal market, such as supercrit. fluid extn. Original data regarding the development and optimization of a
supercrit. fluid extn. process on renewable resources from agroindustrial byproducts are provided.
Bibliographic Information
Structural and dynamical properties of water in sugar mixtures.
Magazu, S.; Migliardo, F.; Telling, M. T. F.
Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Messina, Messina, Italy. Food Chemistry (2007), Volume Date 2008, 106(4),
1460-1466. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: FOCHDJ ISSN: 0308-8146. Journal written in English.
CAN
148:143287 AN 2007:1219770 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Trehalose, a bioprotective sugar, has very important applications in different industrial fields, such as food,
pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry. Trehalose can be used as a new multi-functional ingredient with considerable
potential for the industry. The characterization of mol. mechanisms underlying the manifold functions of trehalose is
very important for the understanding and exploitation of the potentialities of the disaccharide. This work deals with
exptl. findings obtained by light and neutron scattering on structural and dynamical properties of trehalose, maltose and
sucrose water solns. The results provide an explanation about the bioprotective effectiveness of trehalose which is
capable to strongly interact with water mols. forming a protective shell preserving biostructures under stress conditions.
Bibliographic Information
Safe genetically engineered plants.
Rosellini, D.; Veronesi, F.
Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale e
Biotecnologie Agroambientali e Zootecniche, Universita degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia, Italy. Journal of Physics:
Condensed Matter (2007), 19(39), 395005/1-395005/7. Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing, CODEN:
JCOMEL ISSN: 0953-8984. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 148:49732 AN 2007:1217420
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The application of genetic engineering to plants has provided genetically modified plants (GMPs, or
transgenic plants) that are cultivated worldwide on increasing areas. The most widespread GMPs are herbicide-resistant
soybean and canola and insect-resistant corn and cotton. New GMPs that produce vaccines, pharmaceutical or
industrial proteins, and fortified food are approaching the market. The techniques employed to introduce foreign genes
into plants allow a quite good degree of predictability of the results, and their genome is minimally modified. However,
some aspects of GMPs have raised concern:. (a) control of the insertion site of the introduced DNA sequences into the
plant genome and of its mutagenic effect;. (b) presence of selectable marker genes conferring resistance to an antibiotic
or an herbicide, linked to the useful gene;. (c) insertion of undesired bacterial plasmid sequences; and. (d) gene flow
from transgenic plants to non-transgenic crops or wild plants. In response to public concerns, genetic engineering
techniques are continuously being improved. Techniques to direct foreign gene integration into chosen genomic sites,
to avoid the use of selectable genes or to remove them from the cultivated plants, to reduce the transfer of undesired
bacterial sequences, and make use of alternative, safer selectable genes, are all fields of active research. In our lab.,
some of these new techniques are applied to alfalfa, an important forage plant. These emerging methods for plant
genetic engineering are briefly reviewed in this work.
Bibliographic Information
Metal ion uptake from aqueous solution by olive stones: a carbon-13 solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance and
potentiometric study.
Nurchi, Valeria Marina; Floris, Costantino; Pinna, Rosalba; Fiol, Nuria; Villaescusa, Isabel.
Chemical Science Department, Cittadella Universitaria, Monserrato Cagliari, Italy. Water Environment Research
(2007), 79(11), 2363-2367. Publisher: Water Environment Federation, CODEN: WAERED ISSN: 1061-4303.
Journal written in English.
CAN 147:527249
AN 2007:1155312
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
89
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
The use of biomasses that result from the agriculture and food industries in removing heavy metals from wastewaters is
attracting increasing interest. We present a joined potentiometric and cross polarization magic angle spinning (CPMAS) 13C NMR study on the interaction of olive stones with Cu(II), Ni(II), and Cd(II). The potentiometric
measurements allow both to distinguish 2 kind of basic sites in the olive stones and to postulate the coordination models
for the 3 metals. The NMR spectral anal. allows the attribution of the different signals to the components of the olive
stone matrix. A comparison of CP-MAS 13C NMR spectra of the samples after metal treatment suggests a specific
complexation between metal ions and hydroxyl groups on guaiacyl and syringyl moieties.
Bibliographic Information
Sterilizing containers especially in the food industry.
Ferraguti, Pietro. (Procomac S.p.A., Italy). Eur. Pat.
Appl. (2007), 14pp. CODEN: EPXXDW EP 1837037 A1 20070926 Designated States R: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY,
CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR,
AL, BA, HR, MK, YU. Patent written in English. Application: EP 2007-104827 20070323. Priority: IT 2006-24
20060323. CAN 147:364214 AN 2007:1079191 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 1837037
Kind
A1
Priority Application
IT 2006-PR24
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20070926
EP 2007-104827
20070323
R: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT,
LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, AL, BA, HR,
MK, YU
20060323
Abstract
A method for sterilizing containers, comprising the steps of atomizing a sterilizing liq.; mixing the atomized liq. with a
carrier fluid to obtain a sterilizing mixt., said carrier fluid having such a temp. as to make the atomized liq. evap.;
sterilizing a container by sending said sterilizing mixt. against inner and/or outer walls of the container. During the
sterilization step, the temp. of the sterilizing mixt. is maintained above a condensation temp. of the sterilizing liq.
Bibliographic Information
Traditional Italian products from wheat and other starchy flours.
Pagani, M. Ambrogina; Lucisano, Mara;
Mariotti, Manuela. Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari e Microbiologiche, Universita degli Studi di
Milano, Milan, Italy. Editor(s): Hui, Y. H.
Handbook of Food Products Manufacturing (2007), 1 327-388.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, N. J CODEN: 69JVQP Conference; General Review written in
English. CAN 148:283303 AN 2007:1063414 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review discusses the prodn. processes and characteristics of the most well-known starch-based foods of Italian
tradition, with special emphasis on the evolution of the artisanal processes, which in many cases have led to an
optimization and transformation of their prodn. into a truly industrial cycle.
Bibliographic Information
Advances in genomics, biodiversity and rapid systems for the detection of toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins.
Anon.
National Research Council (CNR), Institute of Science of Food Production (ISPA), Bari, Italy.
Food
90
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Additives & Contaminants (2007), 24(10), 1033-1034. Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd., CODEN: FACOEB ISSN:
0265-203X. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 148:32089
AN 2007:1062253
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review describes genomics, biodiversity, and novel technologies aimed to reduce and ultimately eliminate the adverse
effects of mycotoxin contamination on the profitability of agriculture and related industries as well as the safety of food
and feed supplies worldwide.
Bibliographic Information
Oven for industrial cooking of foodstuffs, particularly bread, pizzas or the like.
Papa, Gianfranco. (C.L.M.
S.r.l., Italy). Eur. Pat. Appl. (2007), CODEN: EPXXDW EP 1825755 A2 20070829 Designated States R: AT,
BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE,
SI, SK, TR, AL, BA, HR, MK, YU. Patent written in English. Application: EP 2007-102184 20070212. Priority:
IT 2006-72 20060228. AN 2007:967963 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 1825755
Kind
A2
Priority Application
IT 2006-MO72
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20070829
EP 2007-102184
20070212
R: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT,
LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, AL, BA, HR, MK,
YU
20060228
Abstract
An oven (1) for the industrial cooking of foodstuffs, particularly bread, pizzas or the like, which comprises a frame (2)
for supporting a cooking chamber (3) which is provided with an inlet (4) and an outlet (5) for the foodstuffs, a line (6)
for the advancement of the foodstuffs within the cooking chamber (3) between the inlet (4) and the outlet (5), a chamber
(8) for the combustion of one or more fuels, which is assocd. with the frame (2) and is arranged adjacent to at least one
wall of the cooking chamber in which there are a plurality of openings (9) for the passage of the combustion gases from
the combustion chamber (8) to the cooking chamber (3), and at least one duct (10) for the outflow of the combustion
gases from the cooking chamber (3), which is provided with a gas intake port (11) arranged at the lower portion of the
cooking chamber (3).
Bibliographic Information
Development of a complete kinetic model for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis over Co/Al2O3 catalysts.
Visconti, Carlo Giorgio; Tronconi, Enrico; Lietti, Luca; Zennaro, Roberto; Forzatti, Pio. Dipartimento di Chimical,
Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica "Giulio Natta", Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy. Chemical Engineering Science
(2007), 62(18-20), 5338-5343. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd., CODEN: CESCAC ISSN: 0009-2509. Journal written in
English. CAN 147:368111 AN 2007:957682 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A global kinetic model of the FTS over a Co/Al2O3 state-of-the-art catalyst is developed in a fixed bed micro-reactor
under conditions relevant to industrial operation (temp., 210-235 ; pressure, 8-25 bar; H2/CO feed molar ratio, 1.8-2.7;
gas hourly space velocity, 2000-7000 cm3 (STP)/h/gcatalyst). On the basis of proposed reaction mechanisms,
developed according to the carbide theory and the alkyl mechanism, the kinetic expressions for n-paraffins and -
91
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 olefins formation are derived. Both the calcd. CO conversion and the hydrocarbon distribution (up to n = 49) in FT
reaction are satisfactorily predicted.
Bibliographic Information
Aloe vera as an ingredient in food industry.
Mognetti, C.; Garcia-Segovia, P.; Martinez-Monzo, J. DiSTAM,
sez. Tecnologie Alimentari, Universita Statale di Milano, Italy. Alimentacion, Equipos y Tecnologia (2007), 223
48-52. Publisher: Reed Business Information, CODEN: AEQTDY ISSN: 0212-1689. Journal; General Review
written in Spanish. CAN 148:99244 AN 2007:909093 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The topics include aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) botanical and chem. description, uses in folk medicine, biol.
properties of aloe bioactive components, methods for obtaining aloe pharmaceutical prepns. and their stabilization,
healing uses of aloe concd. and lyophilized juices, and use of aloe prepns. as ingredients in health foods.
Bibliographic Information
A method for preparing an intermediate food product on potatoes and/or cereals and/or legumes and
derivatives thereof for the production of snacks.
Prestini, Pierangelo. (Le Caselle S.r.l., Italy). Eur. Pat. Appl.
(2007), CODEN: EPXXDW EP 1815753 A1 20070808 Designated States R: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK,
EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, AL, BA, HR, MK,
YU. Patent written in English. Application: EP 2006-425065 20060207. Priority: . AN 2007:867574 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 1815753
Kind
A1
US 20070184162
A1
Priority Application
EP 2006-425065
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20070808
EP 2006-425065
20060207
R: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT,
LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, AL, BA, HR, MK,
YU
20070809
US 2006-375573
20060315
20060207
Abstract
The present invention relates to a method for the industrial prepn. of an intermediate food product based on potatoes,
cereals, and/or legumes and derivs. thereof for the prodn. of foods such as pasta and snacks. Particularly, the invention
relates to an industrial method that allows processing a food dough such that, after it has been shaped and suitably
expanded by means of frying or other conventional systems, it exhibits optimum organoleptic characteristics and a
homemade appearance.
Bibliographic Information
Solubilization of lignin components of food concern from sugarcane bagasse by alkaline hydrolysis.
Al Arni,
S.; Zilli, M.; Converti, A.
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, "G.B. Bonino", Genoa University,
Genoa, Italy. Ciencia y Tecnologia Alimentaria (Ourense, Spain) (2007), 5(4), 271-277. Publisher: ALTAGA,
CODEN: CTAICD ISSN: 1135-8122. Journal written in English. CAN 148:213649 AN 2007:866316 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
92
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Solubilization of sugarcane bagasse was performed in autoclave by alk. treatment at 121 C for one hour to follow the
release of its main components. The major products extd. were p-coumaric acid, vanillin, ferulic acid, and syringic
acid, whose concns. increased significantly with increasing the concn. of the NaOH soln. up to 2.0 M or decreasing the
liq./solid ratio of the raw material to be treated to 50 g/g, resp. These arom. compds. could be usefully exploited in food
industry because of their antioxidant power; however, a lot of exptl. work is needed to optimize this process.
Bibliographic Information
Post harvest patterns of deltamethrin and nitrates industrial spinach.
D'Antuono, L. F.; Elementi, S.; Neri, R.
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Agroambientali, University of Bologna, Italy. Acta Horticulturae (2007),
741(Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Fresh Food Quality Standards: Better Food by Quality and
Assurance, 2006), 253-257. Publisher: International Society for Horticultural Science, CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN:
0567-7572. Journal written in English. CAN 148:213739 AN 2007:843159 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Spinach is the most important leafy vegetable for processing. Pesticide and nitrate residues represent important quality
factors, and are constantly monitored during processing, within the HACCP control system. Deltamethrine is
frequently used for pest control, because of its wide range of action and short safety time, allowing spraying within few
days before harvest. In this experience, the content of nitrates and Deltamethrine after each of the three processing
phases: unloading (harvest), washing and blanching, for three winter-spring growing cycles in the Romagna plain
(northern Italy) are reported. Dry matter significantly decreased during washing, as a result of tissue hydration. On the
other hand, a new increase of dry matter was detd. by blanching. Deltamethrine concn., on a fresh matter basis,
substantially decreased with washing and raised again after blanching. On a dry wt. basis, a further redn. of concn. was
obsd. after blanching, with respect to the washing phase. Washing reduced nitrate concn., to a higher amt. than what
expected from a simple diln. effect due to hydration. The role of processing on the redn. of potentially hazardous
residuals is clear, but the quantification of the involved processes needs further investigation.
Bibliographic Information
Areal identification of groundwater Nitrate Contamination sources in periurban areas.
Corniello, Alfonso;
Ducci, Daniela; Ruggieri, Giovanni. Sez. Geologia Applicata, Dip. Ing. Geotecnica, Universita di Napoli Federico II,
Naples, Italy. Journal of Soils and Sediments (2007), 7(3), 159-166. Publisher: Ecomed Publishers, CODEN:
JSSOAJ ISSN: 1439-0108. Journal written in English. AN 2007:809548 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Background, Aims and Scope. The purpose of this study is to verify a method for groundwater contamination risk
assessment in urban and periurban areas using Geog. Information Systems (GIS). The method is based on agricultural
hazard evaluation. In urban and periurban areas, the problem of dealing with NO3 concns. mainly entails identifying
nitrate sources from the excessive use of fertilizers, or leaks from the sewage network and old septic systems.
Residential areas coexisting with farming, and high and increasing nitrate concns., were identified in a densely
inhabited area (>2 million inhabitants in about 1,000 km2) with an alluvial aquifer, located in southern Italy. Methods.
First of all, comparison between the Contamination Vulnerability Map and the distribution of NO3 concns. highlights
anomalous areas with low or moderate vulnerability in spite of the diffuse nitrate contamination of the aquifer.
Assuming the agricultural origin of the nitrates, the hazard is calcd. using the ANHI (Agricultural Nitrate Hazard
Index), a parametric index which assesses the potential hazard of nitrate contamination originating from agriculture on a
regional scale. The ANHI integrates two categories of parameters: the hazard factors (HF), which represent all farming
activities that cause, or might cause, an impact on soil quality in terms of nitrate (use of fertilizers, application of
livestock and poultry manure, food industry wastewater and urban sludge), and the control factors (CF) which adapt the
hazard factors to the characteristics of the site (geog. location, climatic conditions and agronomic practices).
Organization, processing and mapping are performed using a Geog. Information System (GIS: ILWIS 3.3 and ARCGIS
93
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 9.1). Results. The ANHI Map is obtained by multiplying hazard factors (HF) and the control factors (CF), and dividing
the resulting values into 6 classes.
Finally, the Potential risk Map (R) is obtained by coupling the potential hazard of nitrate pollution (ANHI) and the
aquifer Contamination Vulnerability Map. Discussion. By using spatial statistics, the Potential Agricultural Nitrate
Contamination Risk Map and the Nitrate content of the aquifer correlation can be correlated. Where areas with low
correlation in the Land Use Map are in the 'urban areas and artificial land' class, the source of the groundwater nitrate is
not necessarily related to intensive farming and livestock. Conclusions. The Potential Agricultural Nitrate
Contamination Risk Map in urban and periurban environments indicates the relationship between the high nitrate values
and land use, giving useful information about the source of nitrate in groundwater. Recommendations and Perspectives.
Based on this study, we formulate a hypothesis on the source of groundwater nitrate which should be verified on several
case studies using nitrogen isotope techniques.
Bibliographic Information
Concentration of natural pigments and other bioactive components in pulp oils from de-stoned olives.
Ranalli,
Alfonso; Benzi, Mario; Gomes, Tommaso; Delcuratolo, Debora; Marchegiani, Donato; Lucera, Lucia.
Istituto
Sperimentale per l'Elaiotecnica, CRA, Citta S. Angelo, Pescara, Italy.
Innovative Food Science & Emerging
Technologies (2007), 8(3), 437-442. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd., CODEN: IFSEBO ISSN: 1466-8564. Journal written
in English. CAN 148:261125 AN 2007:804369 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
De-stoned olives (Gentile di Chieti, Caroleo and Coratina varieties) were processed in comparison with non-stoned
olives (traditional extn.). Since the de-stoned oily pastes are not easy to process, a depolymg. pectocellulolytic enzyme
prepn. (in combination or not with draining micronized food talc) was added to them. These processing aids
significantly improved the lower oil yields given by the new extn. system. Destoning increased the hourly plant
processing potential of approx. 20%. In addn., it allowed to obtain sepd. byproducts (better recyclable in chem. or
feedstuff industries) and to produce highly nutraceutical oils, characterized by higher contents of hydrophilic
biophenols, tocopherols and volatiles. On the contrary, the de-stoned oils had lower concns. of pigments (both
carotenoids and chlorophylls). They were chiefly valuable for the marked and harmonic aroma, the green fruitiness
notes and the potentially higher preservability (shelf-life) and resistance to autoxidn. This could lead to economically
prefer the new extn. system to the classical industrial processing cycles.
Bibliographic Information
Inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase in vitro and in vivo by a water-soluble extract of Wendita calysina
leaves.
Marzocco, Stefania; Piccinelli, Anna Lisa; Rastrelli, Luca; Mazzon, Emanuela; Cuzzocrea, Salvatore;
Autore, Giuseppina. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, Fisciano,
Italy. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology (2007), 375(6), 349-358. Publisher: Springer, CODEN:
NSAPCC ISSN: 0028-1298. Journal written in English.
CAN 147:356633
AN 2007:796987
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Wendita calysina is a Paraguayan herbaceous plant commonly known as burrito. The previous study indicated that
burrito leaves are a very good source of phenylpropanoid glycosides, principally verbascoside. From W. calysina
leaves, a standardized, water-sol. ext. (WSE) rich in phenylpropanoid glycosides has been developed on an industrial
scale to be used as a food supplement, cosmetic, phytomedicine, and ingredient of different formulations. In this study,
we investigated the effect of the W. calysina WSE both in vitro in murine macrophage cell line J774.A1 stimulated with
lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and, in vivo in an animal model of acute inflammation, carrageenan-induced pleurisy. Here
we report that W. calysina WSE (0.05, 0.1, and 0.5 mg/mL) inhibited inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression
and activity in LPS-stimulated J774.A1. In vivo expts. showed that injection of carrageenan (2%) into the pleural
cavity of rats elicited an acute inflammatory response characterized by iNOS expression, intercellular adhesion mol.-1
(ICAM-1) up-regulation, nitrotyrosine and poly (ADP-ribose) synthase (PARS) formation, and lung tissue damage-all
parameters significantly reduced by W. calysina WSE (500 mg/kg per os). These results report, for the first time, that a
94
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 treatment with W. calysina WSE exerts anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo.
Bibliographic Information
Control and prevention of avian influenza in an evolving scenario.
Capua, Ilaria; Marangon, Stefano. OIE,
FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza, Istituto Zooprofilattico
Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, Padua, Italy. Vaccine (2007), 25(30), 5645-5652. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.,
CODEN: VACCDE ISSN: 0264-410X. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 147:539700
AN
2007:771413 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Continuing outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) across Eurasia and in Africa, caused by a
type A influenza virus of the H5N1 subtype appear out of control and represent a serious risk for animal and public
health worldwide. It is known that biosecurity represents the first line of defense against AI, although in certain
circumstances strict hygienic measures appear to be inapplicable for social and economic conditions. The option of
using vaccination against AI viruses of the H5 and H7 subtypes, has made its way in recent times-primarily as a tool to
maximize the outcome of a series of control measures in countries that are currently infected, but also as a means of
reducing the risk of introduction in areas at high risk of infection. In developing countries vaccination programs in
avian species have been recommended recently, however it will require concurrent management of local husbandry
practices and industry compliance to eradicate the disease rather than the establishment of an endemic situation. Other
key deliverables expected for this control strategy include maintaining a major source of food for rural communities and
the preservation of the com. viability of the local poultry industry. In developed countries vaccination is being used as a
means of increasing resistance of susceptible animals to reduce the risk of introduction from the reservoir host or to
reduce secondary spread in densely populated poultry areas. The recent joint OIE/FAO summits recommended
applying vaccination, using the differentiating infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA) strategy when there is risk of
major spread and depopulation is not feasible or desirable. Particularly in developing countries, stamping out of
infected animals does not seem to be an appropriate means of reducing the spread of infection, if food supplies are to be
guaranteed and economic consequences minimized.
Crucial points to the success of a vaccination campaign are the implementation of complex territorial strategy involving
upgraded biosecurity, monitoring vaccine efficacy, identification of field exposure and the appropriate management of
infected flocks, regardless of vaccination status. Granting financial support for the compensation of farmers is also a
key part of this strategy. Poultry veterinarians working for the industry or for the public sector represent the first line of
defense against the pandemic threat and for the prevention and control of this infection in poultry and in wild birds.
Bibliographic Information
MBR pilot plant for textile wastewater treatment and reuse.
Lubello, C.; Caffaz, S.; Mangini, L.; Santianni, D.;
Caretti, C. Publiacqua SpA, Florence, Italy. Water Science and Technology (2007), 55(10, Waste Management
Problems in Agro-Industries 2006), 115-124. Publisher: IWA Publishing, CODEN: WSTED4 ISSN: 0273-1223.
Journal written in English.
CAN 148:126944
AN 2007:747493
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
An exptl. study was carried out in order to evaluate the possibility of upgrading the conventional activated sludge
WWTP of Seano (Prato, Italy) which treats municipal and textile wastewaters, by using membrane bioreactor (MBR)
technol. The MBR pilot plant, set up within Seano WWTP, was fed with mixed municipal-industrial wastewaters
during the first exptl. period and with pure industrial wastewaters during the second. Performances and operation of the
MBR were evaluated in terms of permeate characteristics and variability (COD, color, surfactants, total N and P) and
other operational parameters (sludge growth and obsd. yield). According to the exptl. results the MBR permeate quality
was always superior to the Seano WWTP one and it was suitable for industrial reuse in the textile district of the Prato
area. Respirometric tests provided a modified IWA ASM1 model which fits very well the exptl. data and can be used
for the design and the monitoring of a full-scale MBR pilot plant.
95
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Olive mill wastewater biological treatment by fungi biomass.
Caffaz, S.; Caretti, C.; Morelli, M.; Lubello, C.;
Azzari, E.
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
Water Science and
Technology (2007), 55(10, Waste Management Problems in Agro-Industries 2006), 89-97. Publisher: IWA
Publishing, CODEN: WSTED4 ISSN: 0273-1223. Journal written in English.
CAN 148:220638
AN
2007:747487 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Olive oil extn. is one of the most important traditional food industries in the Mediterranean region, esp. in Italy. In
addn. to olive oil, this industry produces byproducts, in particular olive mill wastewaters (OMWs) and olive husks,
which represent a serious environmental problem. OMWs can be rarely treated in a municipal WWTP, using
conventional wastewater treatments. A novel biol. process has to be considered in order to treat OMWs. Literature
data show that yeasts and different kinds of fungi are able to reduce both the org. and the phenolic content of the OMW.
The present work is aimed at investigating the growth of a biomass rich in fungi in a batch reactor filled with OMW and
its capacity to degrade the org. and phenolic load. The aerobic OMW degrdn. obtained using this biomass reached a
COD and TP removal efficiency of 86 and 70%, resp. Respirometric tests have been carried out in order to measure the
biomass activity on different substrates: OMW and phenolic compds. (gallic and p-coumaric acids). The polyphenolic
biodegrdn. efficiency of fungi biomass was higher than the one of a non-acclimated activated sludge biomass. Fungi
biomass was able to completely degrade pure phenolic compds.
Bibliographic Information
MOS-based artificial olfactory system for the assessment of egg products freshness.
Suman, M.; Riani, G.;
Dalcanale, E. R&D Central Research Labs, Barilla G. R. F.lli SpA, Parma, Italy. Sensors and Actuators, B:
Chemical (2007), B125(1), 40-47. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: SABCEB ISSN: 0925-4005. Journal written
in English. CAN 147:405021 AN 2007:744191 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The detn. of egg freshness as a fundamental aspect directly related to consumers' perception of food product quality is a
major target of the egg industry. An artificial olfactory system (AOS) based on common metal oxide sensors is
presented here as an interesting tool to carry out, in a simple and rapid way, the freshness assessment of industrial egg
products. Contemporaneously, the correlation between AOS responses and the correspondent chem. (lactic and
succinic acids) and microbiol. (total viable mesophilic bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae counts) parameters, which are
legal refs. to attest the quality of the egg products, has been demonstrated.
Bibliographic Information
Industrial plant for the continuous production of a superconducting tape and related surface treatment process
to give tapes of acceptable lengths for industrial use.
Canetti, Marco; Battocchio, Alessandro. (Rial Vacuum
S.p.A., Italy). Eur. Pat. Appl. (2007), 14pp. CODEN: EPXXDW EP 1804306 A1 20070704 Designated States
R: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT,
RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, AL, BA, HR, MK, YU. Patent written in English. Application: EP 2005-113039 20051228.
Priority: . CAN 147:131480 AN 2007:723788 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 1804306
Kind
A1
Date
Application No.
Date
20070704
EP 2005-113039
20051228
R: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT,
LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, AL, BA, HR, MK,
YU
96
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Priority Application
EP 2005-113039
20051228
Abstract
A plant for the continuous prodn. of a superconducting tape to give tapes of acceptable lengths for industrial use
comprises three vacuum chambers, a pre-treatment chamber, a treatment chamber and a post-treatment chamber, each
marked by its own process conditions, i.e. pressure and gas atm., the chambers being arranged in series and resp.
connected with each other by a connection unit, in which the connection unit, which effects the continuous passage of a
metallic tape, comprises at least one connection with a primary pumping device, or rotary vane pump,, and in which a
1st motorized reel for the feeding of the tape is situated in the pre-treatment chamber and a 2nd motorized winding reel
is situated in the post-treatment chamber.
Bibliographic Information
Forced Unsteady-State Reactors as Efficient Devices for Integrated Processes: Case Histories and New
Perspectives.
Barresi, Antonello A.; Baldi, Giancarlo; Fissore, Davide. Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali e
Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy.
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2007),
46(25), 8693-8700. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: IECRED ISSN: 0888-5885. Journal written in
English. CAN 147:471328 AN 2007:685620 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This article addresses the industrial application of unsteady-state operation that can be achieved in a gas-solid catalytic
reactor by periodically reversing the flow direction (reverse-flow reactor) or by periodically moving the feed position
(loop reactor). The combustion of lean VOC-air mixts. and the selective catalytic redn. of NOx are processes that can
efficiently exploit the heat and mass storage resulting from these devices. The main questions arising in the design of
these reactors are addressed in this article, and general guidelines for selecting the operating variables in industrial-size
units are given.
Bibliographic Information
Treatment of food processing wastewater.
Bolzonella, D.; Cecchi, F.; Pavan, P. Department of Environmental
Sciences, Ca Foscari University, Venice, Italy. Editor(s): Waldron, Keith. Handbook of Waste Management and
Co-Product Recovery in Food Processing (2007), 573-596. Publisher: Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, UK
CODEN: 69JIUO Conference; General Review written in English. CAN 147:473754 AN 2007:676994 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. A review discusses the application of different processes for treatment of wastewaters produced in the food
industry. The first part of the discussion is devoted to the illustration of characteristics and flows coming from food
processing, then the typical processes for pollutant removal and their yields are presented; the final part of the
discussion presents the most innovative processes for wastewater treatment and for recovery of valuable products from
these wastes.
Bibliographic Information
Viscosity of Multicomponent Solutions of Simple and Complex Sugars in Water.
Migliori, Massimo; Gabriele,
Domenico; Di Sanzo, Rosa; De Cindio, Bruno; Correra, Sebastiano.
Department of Chemical Engineering and
Materials, University of Calabria, Rende (CS), Italy. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data (2007), 52(4),
1347-1353. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: JCEAAX ISSN: 0021-9568. Journal written in
English. CAN 147:220908 AN 2007:659786 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
97
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
Sugar is a key ingredient widely used in food industries mainly in the form of soln. in water. Due to different phys. and
chem. properties, different simple and complex sugars are mixed together to obtain the optimal mixt. mainly in terms of
f.p. and sweetness capability. Aiming to measure some of these relevant properties, in this paper viscosity data and
starting freezing temp. have been measured for a wide range of binary, ternary, and quaternary sugar solns. in water.
The onset freezing temp. for solns. was calcd. from DSC data, applying a new iterative numerical technique. From
viscosity data, a method was developed to calc. the viscosity of multicomponent aq. solns. of simple and complex
sugars, also including temp. effects. The proposed model ests. the viscosity of a multicomponent soln. by assuming the
summability of the contribution from binary soln. viscosity and introducing pairwise interaction parameters. The values
of these parameters, as a function of temp. and compn., have been estd. from exptl. data of binary and ternary solns.
Quaternary soln. data have been used to check the model in a predictive way. The resultant predictions were good
(error below 15 %) for dild. solns., but agreement fails for concd. solns. Therefore, another parameter, taking into
account ternary interactions, was added, and the model results fit the exptl. data within a 10 % max. error over the entire
concn. and temp. range.
Bibliographic Information
Traceability and food contact materials.
Dainelli, D. Sealed Air Corporation, Italy. Editor(s): Barnes, Karen
A.; Sinclair, C. Richard; Watson, D. H. Chemical Migration and Food Contact Materials (2007), 64-83. Publisher:
Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, UK CODEN: 69JHJA Conference; General Review written in English.
CAN 148:53286 AN 2007:629940 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review discussing the regulation of traceability of food contact materials and industrial guidelines for traceability of
these materials, such as plastic packaging.
Bibliographic Information
Parameters for the evaluation of the thermal damage and nutraceutical potential of lupin-based ingredients and
food products.
Arnoldi, Anna; Resta, Donatella; Brambilla, Francesca; Boschin, Giovanna; D'Agostina, Alessandra;
Sirtori, Elena; O'Kane, Francesca. Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Mass Spectrometry, Department of Agri-Food
Molecular Sciences (DISMA), University of Milan, Milan, Italy. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research (2007),
51(4), 431-436. Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, CODEN: MNFRCV ISSN: 1613-4125. Journal;
General Review written in English. CAN 146:460774 AN 2007:532377 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Foods based on sweet lupin proteins are gaining attention from industry and consumers because of their
possible role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. When promoting lupin-based foods for inclusion in a daily
diet, the thermal damage suffered during processing is of relevance to the bioactive and nutritional quality of the food
product. N-(2-furoylmethyl)-L-lysine (furosine) quantification demonstrates that currently available sweet lupin protein
isolates have a thermal damage comparable to or lower than other traditional food ingredients, and are a good source of
lysine in non-dairy products. In lupin-based foods claiming to have cholesterol-lowering potential, shotgun proteomics
offers itself as a fast and effective screening method for assessing the biol. availability of active peptides. Such a
method is readily applicable to other legume-enriched food products.
Bibliographic Information
Impact evaluation of innovative and sustainable extraction technologies on olive oil quality.
Chiacchierini, E.;
Mele, G.; Restuccia, D.; Vinci, G.
Department of Control and Management of Goods and of their Impact on the
Environment, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy. Trends in Food Science & Technology (2007), 18(6), 299305. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd., CODEN: TFTEEH ISSN: 0924-2244. Journal; General Review written in English.
98
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 CAN 147:210362 AN 2007:522365
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Olive oil prodn. in Italy boasts a thousand years old tradition and represents one of the most interesting field
of Italian agriculture. Nowadays the olive oil extn. is carried out with technol. industrial processes (continuous or
discontinuous), even though the quality and the quantity of the obtained oil are still to be optimized, producing a
significant economic loss for the oil sector. A possibility for trying to solve the problem could be the exploitation of
biotechnol. in olive oil industry, considering also eco-sustainability and lower environmental impact of the enzymes
used. The aim of this work is to present the state-of-the-art about the application of natural enzymic complexes in olive
oil industry, referring also to the evaluation of anal. parameters related to extra virgin olive oil quality and authenticity.
Bibliographic Information
Production of seafood fish oil.
Aveni, Mariafrancesca; Rana, Roberto. Dipartimento di Scienze Geografiche e
Merceologiche - Facolta di economia, Universita degli Studi, Bari, Italy.
Industrie Alimentari (Pinerolo, Italy)
(2007), 46(466), 127-139. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori sas, CODEN: INALBB ISSN: 0019-901X. Journal; General
Review written in Italian. CAN 147:141679 AN 2007:500895 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
A review. Fish oil is an important fishery product traditionally used in many industrial fields. Chile and Peru are the
main producers and account for >50% of worldwide prodn. (almost 1 million tons in 2004). Despite continuing
decrease in worldwide fish oil supply, there has been a continuous growth in com. demand esp. from aquaculture (fish
farming). Aquaculture uses >80% of fish oil world prodn. as feed component, while food, pharmaceutical and chem.
industries use the rest. The technol., economic aspects, and worldwide market situation of fish oil prodn. are discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Vanillin production using metabolically engineered Escherichia coli under non-growing conditions.
Barghini,
Paolo; Di Gioia, Diana; Fava, Fabio; Ruzzi, Maurizio. Department of Agrobiology and Agrochemistry, University of
Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy. Microbial Cell Factories (2007), 6 No pp. given. Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd., CODEN:
MCFICT ISSN: 1475-2859. http://www.microbialcellfactories.com/content/pdf/1475-2859-6-13.pdf Journal; Online
Computer File written in English. CAN 147:8482 AN 2007:481087 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Vanillin is one of the most important arom. flavor compds. used in the food and cosmetic industries. Natural vanillin is
extd. from vanilla beans and is relatively expensive. Moreover, the consumer demand for natural vanillin highly
exceeds the amt. of vanillin extd. by plant sources. This has led to the investigation of other routes to obtain this flavor
such as the biotechnol. prodn. from ferulic acid. Studies concerning the use of engineered recombinant Escherichia coli
cells as biocatalysts for vanillin prodn. are described in the literature, but yield optimization and biotransformation
conditions have not been investigated in details. Effect of plasmid copy no. in metabolic engineering of E. coli for the
synthesis of vanillin has been evaluated by the use of genes encoding feruloyl-CoA synthetase and feruloyl
hydratase/aldolase from Pseudomonas fluorescens BF13. The higher vanillin prodn. yield was obtained using resting
cells of E. coli strain JM109 harboring a low-copy no. vector and a promoter exhibiting a low activity to drive the
expression of the catabolic genes. Optimization of the bioconversion of ferulic acid to vanillin was accomplished by a
response surface methodol. The exptl. conditions that allowed us to obtain high values for response functions were 3.3
mM ferulic acid and 4.5 g/L of biomass, with a yield of 70.6% and specific productivity of 5.9 moles/g min after 3
h of incubation. The final concn. of vanillin in the medium was increased up to 3.5 mM after a 6-h incubation by
sequential spiking of 1.1 mM ferulic acid. The resting cells could be reused up to four times maintaining the prodn.
yield levels over 50%, thus increasing three times the vanillin obtained per g of biomass. Ferulic acid can be efficiently
converted to vanillin, without accumulation of undesirable vanillin redn./oxidn. products, using E. coli JM109 cells
99
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 expressing genes from the ferulic acid-degrader Pseudomonas fluorescens BF13.
Optimization of culture conditions and bioconversion parameters, together with the reuse of the biomass, leaded to a
final prodn. of 2.52 g of vanillin per L of culture, which is the highest found in the literature for recombinant strains and
the highest achieved so far applying such strains under resting cells conditions.
Bibliographic Information
Inactivation of avian influenza viruses by chemical agents and physical conditions: a review.
De Benedictis,
P.; Beato, M. S.; Capua, I. Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, OIE, FAO and National Reference
Laboratory for Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease, Padua, Italy. Zoonoses and Public Health (2007), 54(2),
51-68. Publisher: Blackwell Verlag GmbH, CODEN: ZPHOAH ISSN: 1863-1959. Journal; General Review written
in English. CAN 147:339131 AN 2007:439669 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The recent outbreaks of avian influenza (AI) worldwide have highlighted the difficulties in controlling this
disease both in developed and in developing countries. Biosecurity is considered the most important tool to prevent and
control AI. In certain areas of the world, AI has become endemic and the recent outbreaks in Europe and Africa show
that the epidemiol. situation is evolving in an unprecedented way. The consequences of this situation are economic
losses to the poultry industry, food security issues in developing countries and a serious threat to human health, due to
the direct consequences of AI infection in humans, and more alarmingly due to the risk of the generation of a new
pandemic virus from the animal reservoir. In this paper, the phys. and chem. methods of inactivating AI viruses are
reviewed, with particular emphasis on the practicalities of using such methods in the poultry industry.
Bibliographic Information
HPLC-MS validation of QualisaFoo biosensor kit for cost-effective control of acrylamide levels in Italian coffee.
Gianni, Sagratini; Armando, Fabbri; Gabriella, Marucci; Massimo, Ricciutelli; Sauro, Vittori; Sergio, Ammendola.
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Universita degli Studi di Camerino, Camerino, Italy. Food Control (2007),
18(10), 1267-1271. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: FOOCEV ISSN: 0956-7135. Journal written in English.
CAN 147:520876 AN 2007:422319 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Acrylamide is a carcinogenic and mutagenic compd. found in many industrially processed foods and beverages,
including coffee. The aim of this work is to det. the acrylamide level in some Italian coffees by using a mass
spectrometry method and an enzymic test kit. Comparison of av. values in four Italian coffees detd. using the two
methods permitted us to validate the results obtained with the kit, hence the kit itself, showing that acrylamide is present
in low amt. The amt. of acrylamide was also detd. in other foods, by using the kit. This work shows that there is a
correspondence between the two methods and that the kit provides a cost-effective method to det. the amt. of
acrylamide in food.
Bibliographic Information
Biodegradation of Polyethoxylated Nonylphenols in Packed-Bed Biofilm Reactors.
Bertin, Lorenzo; Di Gioia,
Diana; Barberio, Claudia; Salvadori, Laura; Marchetti, Leonardo; Fava, Fabio. Department of Applied Chemistry and
Material Science, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2007),
46(21), 6681-6687. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: IECRED ISSN: 0888-5885. Journal written in
English. CAN 147:328874 AN 2007:358619 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The opportunity to apply an immobilized-cell biotechnol. process in the remediation of polyethoxylated nonylphenol
(NPnEO) contaminated water was studied in this work. To this purpose, three identically configured aerobic column
reactors packed with different materials (silica beads, granular activated carbon, or glass spheres) were developed,
100
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 inoculated with the NPnEO-degrading Pseudomonas sp. strain BCb 12/3, and compared for their ability to biodegrade
the two NPnEO industrial mixts. Igepal CO-520 and CO-210 fed in synthetic wastewater at concns. in the range 30-90
mg/L. The three biofilm reactors, tested under batch conditions, showed comparable degrdn. capabilities and
specificities, being able to remove from 77 to 99% of the total Igepal mixts. supplied after 9 days of batch treatment.
NPnEOs were mostly removed through biodegrdn., as suggested by the accumulation of two metabolites typical of
NPnEO aerobic biodegrdn., such as phenol and 4-nonylphenol, and by the low NPnEO amts. recovered from the
reactors at the end of the study. Fluorescent in situ hybridization and DAPI staining performed at the end of the study
showed that the bacterial biofilm was well and homogeneously developed on the packed beds of the three reactors and
that it was mostly composed by bacteria belonging to Gammaproteobacteria, i.e., the Proteobacteria class which
includes the genus Pseudomonas.
Bibliographic Information
A study on PCB, PCDD/PCDF industrial contamination in a mixed urban-agricultural area significantly
affecting the food chain and the human exposure. Part I: Soil and feed.
Turrio-Baldassarri, Luigi; Abate,
Vittorio; Alivernini, Silvia; Battistelli, Chiara Laura; Carasi, Sergio; Casella, Marialuisa; Iacovella, Nicola; Iamiceli,
Anna Laura; Indelicato, Annamaria; Scarcella, Carmelo; La Rocca, Cinzia. Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy.
Chemosphere (2007), 67(9), 1822-1830. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd., CODEN: CMSHAF ISSN: 0045-6535. Journal
written in English. CAN 147:241532 AN 2007:282213 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This study deals with polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) and polychlorinated dibenzodioxin-dibenzofuran (PCDD/PCDF)
contamination in Brescia, a city in the North-West of Italy, affecting an area with about 11,000 inhabitants. The area is
close to an industrial plant that produced, in total, some 31,000 tons of PCBs. A relevant part of the polluted area is
agricultural soil, where cattle were fed with polluted forage and farmers were consuming their own products, so that the
contamination led eventually to human exposure. Total levels of PCDDs/Fs varied from 8 to 592 pg TEQ (WHO)/g for
soil samples and when the dioxin-like PCBs (dl-PCBs) are included, the levels varied from 14.6 to 1033.7 pg TEQ
(WHO)/g. In several cases, the legal limit was exceeded by more than one order of magnitude, with the highest
contamination in some agricultural areas and in the surrounding zones. For the forage samples, the total levels of
PCDDs/Fs varied from 0.29 to 2.04 pg TEQ (WHO)/g and, when dl-PCBs are included, this range increased from 2.04
to 4.75 pg TEQ (WHO)/g. PCB contamination of the forage through vapor condensation seemed to be relevant. The
toxic contribution of dl-PCBs is always relevant and must be considered for risk management. The main component of
the contamination source is probably a heavy PCB mixt., such as Aroclor 1262. The study dealt generally with the
contamination transfer of PCBs, PCDDs and PCDFs from soil up to humans across the food chain. The results on soils
and forage are shown, while measurements concerning the contamination of the animals fed with contaminated forage
and the exposure of the farmers (through human serum analyses), as compared to the general population, will be
reported in a dedicated paper.
Bibliographic Information
Probiotic bacteria: legislative framework-requirements to evidence basis.
Pineiro, Maya; Stanton, Catherine.
Food Quality and Standards Service, Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division, Food and Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy.
Journal of Nutrition (2007), 137(3S-2), 850S-853S. Publisher:
American Society for Nutrition, CODEN: JONUAI ISSN: 0022-3166. Journal written in English. AN 2007:248351
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Following on from the FAO/WHO Expert Consultation and Working Group outputs on probiotics and their presentation
to Codex, it is hoped that these will be used as a science-based risk assessment process for managerial decision on
probiotics and that the "Guidelines for the Evaluation of Probiotics in Food" will be used as a model for scientific
criteria for evaluation of health claims. It is also hoped that this work will be incorporated or taken as example for the
Codex draft being prepd. on health and nutrition claims and as a scientific assessment of a novel food and that the
probiotic guidelines will be adopted by Industry.
101
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Highly purified sugar concentrate from a residue of citrus pigments recovery process.
Scordino, Monica; Di
Mauro, Alfio; Passerini, Amedeo; Maccarone, Emanuele.
Dipartimento di OrtoFloroArboricoltura e Tecnologie
Agroalimentari (DOFATA), Sezione Tecnologie Agroalimentari, Universita degli Studi di Catania, Catania, Italy.
LWT--Food Science and Technology (2007), 40(4), 713-721. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd., CODEN: LSTWB3 Journal
written in English. CAN 146:336791 AN 2007:106649 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Pigmented orange pulp wash (PW), a byproduct of citrus processing, was already studied to obtain anthocyanins and
hydroxycinnamates using adsorption resins. The residue of such process was further investigated to obtain a purified
sugar conc. applying a series of resin adsorptions and membrane techniques. The final product and the intermediates
were characterized by chem. and microbiol. analyses. The results have shown that anthocyanins, limonoids, flavanones
and hydroxycinnamates were absent in the starting material because totally removed by the treatment with the neutral
polystyrene-divinylbenzene (PS-DVB) resin used to recover the pigments; the acidity was strongly reduced through a
weakly basic ion-exchange matrix while the ultrafiltration (UF) process stabilized the product by removal of enzymes
and microorganisms. Eighty percent of the water was eliminated by a reverse osmosis (RO) treatment, increasing the
sugar concn. by four times. The final product (28 Brix) contained about 250 g/l of sugars (glucose, fructose and
sucrose), 9 g/l of citric acid and 1 g/l of pectins. The conc., obtained from a residue that otherwise must be disposed,
was a transparent liq. of slight amber color with a very low microbial count and could easily find application as a
natural sweetener in food and beverage industries.
Bibliographic Information
Reactivity of NO/NO2-NH3 SCR system for diesel exhaust aftertreatment: Identification of the reaction
network as a function of temperature and NO2 feed content.
Ciardelli, Cristian; Nova, Isabella; Tronconi,
Enrico; Chatterjee, Daniel; Bandl-Konrad, Brigitte; Weibel, Michel; Krutzsch, Bernd.
Dipartimento di Chimica,
Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica "G. Natta", Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy. Applied Catalysis, B: Environmental
(2007), 70(1-4), 80-90. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: ACBEE3 ISSN: 0926-3373. Journal written in English.
CAN 146:211343 AN 2007:2851 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A systematic study of the selective catalytic redn. (SCR) reactivity of NH3 over com. V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalyst in a
wide temp. range and NO:NO2 feed ratios, covering and exceeding those of interest for industrial applications for posttreatment of diesel vehicle exhaust gases is discussed. Expts. confirmed that best deNOx efficiency was achieved with
a 1:1 NO/NO2 feed ratio. Main reactions at different operating conditions were identified and an overall reaction
scheme is proposed. Particular attention was paid to the role of NH4NO3, which forms rapidly at low temps., and with
excess NO2, dets. a lower N2 selectivity for the deNOx process. Data are presented showing the NO/NO2-NH3
reaction system can be fully chem. interpreted according to a mechanism which involves: NO2
dimerization/disproportion and reaction with NH3 and water to yield NH4NO2 and NH4NO3; NH4NO3 redn. by NO to
NH4NO2; and decompn. of NH4NO2 to N2. This scheme explains peculiar deNOx reactivity at low temp. in the
presence of NO2, the optimal stoichiometry (NO/NO2 = 1:1), and obsd. selectivity to all major N-contg. products (N2,
NH4NO3, HNO3, N2O). It also provides a basis to develop a mechanistic kinetic model of the NO/NO2-NH3 SCR
reaction system.
Bibliographic Information
Influence of temperature on biofilm formation by Listeria monocytogenes on various food-contact surfaces:
relationship with motility and cell surface hydrophobicity.
Di Bonaventura G; Piccolomini R; Paludi D; D'Orio
V; Vergara A; Conter M; Ianieri A Center of Excellence for Aging, G. d'Annunzio University Foundation, Chieti,
Italy. [email protected]
Journal of applied microbiology (2008), 104(6), 1552-61. Journal code:
9706280. E-ISSN:1365-2672. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S.
102
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 18194252 AN 2008330688
U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
In-process for MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008
Abstract
AIMS: To assess the ability of Listeria monocytogenes to form biofilm on different food-contact surfaces with regard to
different temperatures, cellular hydrophobicity and motility.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-four L.
monocytogenes strains from food and food environment were tested for biofilm formation by crystal violet staining.
Biofilm levels were significantly higher on glass at 4, 12 and 22 degrees C, as compared with polystyrene and stainless
steel. At 37 degrees C, L. monocytogenes produced biofilm at significantly higher levels on glass and stainless steel, as
compared with polystyrene. Hydrophobicity was significantly (P < 0.05) higher at 37 degrees C than at 4, 12 and 22
degrees C. Thirty (68.2%) of 44 strains tested showed swimming at 22 degrees C and 4 (9.1%) of those were also
motile at 12 degrees C. No correlation was observed between swimming and biofilm production. CONCLUSIONS: L.
monocytogenes can adhere to and form biofilms on food-processing surfaces. Biofilm formation is significantly
influenced by temperature, probably modifying cell surface hydrophobicity. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACTS OF
THE STUDY: Biofilm formation creates major problems in the food industry because it may represent an important
source of food contamination. Our results are therefore important in finding ways to prevent contamination because
they contribute to a better understanding on how L. monocytogenes can establish biofilms in food industry and
therefore survive in the processing environment.
Bibliographic Information
Biodiversity of Aspergillus species in some important agricultural products.
Perrone G; Susca A; Cozzi G;
Ehrlich K; Varga J; Frisvad J C; Meijer M; Noonim P; Mahakarnchanakul W; Samson R A Institute of Sciences of
Food Production, CNR, Via Amendola, 122/O 70126 Bari, Italy
Studies in mycology (2007), 59 53-66. Journal
code: 8411984. ISSN:0166-0616. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID
18490950 AN 2008327501 In-process for MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The genus Aspergillus is one of the most important filamentous fungal genera. Aspergillus species are used in the
fermentation industry, but they are also responsible of various plant and food secondary rot, with the consequence of
possible accumulation of mycotoxins. The aflatoxin producing A. flavus and A. parasiticus, and ochratoxinogenic A.
niger, A. ochraceus and A. carbonarius species are frequently encountered in agricultural products. Studies on the
biodiversity of toxigenic Aspergillus species is useful to clarify molecular, ecological and biochemical characteristics of
the different species in relation to their different adaptation to environmental and geographical conditions, and to their
potential toxigenicity. Here we analyzed the biodiversity of ochratoxin producing species occurring on two important
crops: grapes and coffee, and the genetic diversity of A. flavus populations occurring in agricultural fields. Altogether
nine different black Aspergillus species can be found on grapes which are often difficult to identify with classical
methods. The polyphasic approach used in our studies led to the identification of three new species occurring on
grapes: A. brasiliensis, A. ibericus, and A. uvarum. Similar studies on the Aspergillus species occurring on coffee
beans have evidenced in the last five years that A. carbonarius is an important source of ochratoxin A in coffee. Four
new species within the black aspergilli were also identified in coffee beans: A. sclerotioniger, A. lacticoffeatus, A.
sclerotiicarbonarius, and A. aculeatinus. The genetic diversity within A. flavus populations has been widely studied in
relation to their potential aflatoxigenicity and morphological variants L- and S-strains. Within A. flavus and other
Aspergillus species capable of aflatoxin production, considerable diversity is found. We summarise the main recent
achievements in the diversity of the aflatoxin gene cluster in A. flavus populations, A. parasiticus and the non-toxigenic
A. oryzae.
Studies are needed in order to characterise the aflatoxin biosynthetic genes in the new related taxa A. minisclerotigenes
and A. arachidicola.
Bibliographic Information
Production of feruloyl esterases and xylanases by Talaromyces stipitatus and Humicola grisea var. thermoidea
103
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 on industrial food processing by-products. Mandalari G; Bisignano G; Lo Curto R B; Waldron K W; Faulds C B
Sustainability of the Food Chain Exploitation Platform, Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Colney,
Norwich NR4 7UA, United Kingdom; Department of Pharmacobiology, University of Messina, Viale Annunziata,
98100 Messina, Italy
Bioresource technology (2008), 99(11), 5130-3. Journal code: 9889523. ISSN:0960-8524.
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 17951057 AN 2008324553 In-process for
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Feruloyl esterase (FAE) and xylanase activities were detected in culture supernatants from Humicola grisea var.
thermoidea and Talaromyces stipitatus grown on brewers' spent grain (BSG) and wheat bran (WB), two agro-industrial
by-products. Maximum activities were detected from cultures of H. grisea grown at 150rpm, with 16.9U/ml and
9.1U/ml of xylanase activity on BSG and WB, respectively. Maximum FAE activity was 0.47U/ml and 0.33U/ml on
BSG and WB, respectively. Analysis of residual cell wall material after microbial growth shows the preferential
solubilisation of arabinoxylan and cellulose, two main polysaccharides present in BSG and WB. The production of
low-cost cell-wall-deconstructing enzymes on agro-industrial by-products could lead to the production of low-cost
enzymes for use in the valorisation of food processing wastes.
Bibliographic Information
Review article: future research on coeliac disease - a position report from the European multistakeholder
platform on coeliac disease (CDEUSSA).
Troncone R; Ivarsson A; Szajewska H; Mearin M L Department of
Paediatrics and European Laboratory for Investigation of Food Induced Diseases, University Federico II, Naples, Italy.
(Members of European Multistakeholder Platform on CD (CDEUSSA)) [email protected]
Alimentary
pharmacology & therapeutics (2008), 27(11), 1030-43. Journal code: 8707234. E-ISSN:1365-2036. Journal; Article;
(JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 18315588
AN 2008290983 In-process for MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
BACKGROUND: CDEUSSA is a Specific Support Action project from the Sixth Framework Programme Priority of
the European Union (EU). Its aim is to bring together basic and applied research in the area of coeliac disease (CD).
This paper reviews the main issues that are a result of the CDEUSSA initiative. AIM: To identify the major issues in
need of investigation in the areas of clinical aspects, treatment, prevention and public health. METHODS: Key
stakeholders, representing a wide range of knowledge with crucial importance for CD research and practice, have
participated in two workshops aimed at identifying and proposing to the EU, as high priority research, topics in the
areas of clinical aspects, treatment, prevention and public health. RESULTS: In public health, the overall goal should
be to improve quality of life of the European population by implementing primary prevention strategies, early diagnosis
and improved treatments for CD. New treatment strategies need to be developed. The option of primary prevention
should be fully explored, which requires combined epidemiological, clinical and basic scientific research efforts. Such
studies should also consider the importance of gene-environment interactions in the development of CD. Increased
knowledge is needed on the natural history of CD. Diagnostic criteria need to be revised. CONCLUSIONS: To
achieve these goals, a collaboration of the stakeholders is fundamental, including research and patient organizations, as
well as industries within both diagnostics and food production.
Bibliographic Information
Remediation of waters contaminated with ionic herbicides by sorption on polymerin.
Sannino F; Iorio M; De
Martino A; Pucci M; Brown C D; Capasso R Dipartimento di Scienze del Suolo, della Pianta, dell'Ambiente e delle
Produzioni Animali, Facolta di Scienze Biotecnologiche, Universita di Napoli Federico II Via Universita 100, 80055
Portici, Napoli, Italy
Water research (2008), 42(3), 643-52. Journal code: 0105072. ISSN:0043-1354. Journal;
Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID
17904611 AN 2008144087 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
104
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 This study investigated the sorption of paraquat and 2,4-D on polymerin, the humic acid-like fraction of olive mill
wastewater. Effects of pH, contact time, initial concentration and sorbent dosage on the sorption of both herbicides
were studied. The sorption mechanism of paraquat on polymerin was consistent with the ion exchange of this herbicide
with Ca, Mg and K natively occurring in the sorbent; in contrast, 2,4-D was bound to polymerin by hydrogen bonding.
Simulated wastewaters contaminated with paraquat were purified after three sorption cycles on polymerin renewed at
each cycle, at a solid/liquid ratio of 0.5, whereas those containing 2,4-D showed a maximal residue removal of 44%
after two sorption cycles at the same ratio. The possible application of this model to other water-soluble herbicides, as
well as the possible exploitation of polymerin as a bio-filter for the decontamination of pollution point sources is briefly
discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Investigation on virucidal activity of chlorine dioxide. experimental data on feline calicivirus, HAV and
Coxsackie B5.
Zoni R; Zanelli R; Riboldi E; Bigliardi L; Sansebastiano G Department of Public Health, Sec.
Hygiene, University of Parma, Italy
Journal of preventive medicine and hygiene (2007), 48(3), 91-5. Journal code:
9214440. ISSN:1121-2233. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 18274345 AN
2008116583 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ClO2 with regard to viruses which show a
particular resistance to oxidizing agent such as HAV and Norwalk and Norwalk-like viruses, and which play an
important role in the epidemiology of viral foodborne diseases. In the food industry, disinfection of processing systems
and equipment is a very important instrument to prevent secondary contamination and to guarantee food safety. Among
disinfectants, chlorine dioxide (ClO2) presents a good efficacy at wide range of pH values, its action is rapid and
generates few reaction byproducts if compared to hypoclorite. Experimental studies have highlighted that ClO2 shows
a good bactericidal activity and it is also active towards viruses. Furthermore, the low concentrations and low contact
times required to obtain microbial load reduction are favourable elements for the application of this compound in the
industrial sanitizing practices. METHODS: As it is impossible to cultivate the Norwalk virus in vitro, we tested the
resistance of Feline calicivirus (F9 strain) vs. ClO2, in comparison with HAV (strain HM-175) and Coxsackie B5.
Chlorine dioxide was used at concentrations ranging from 0.2 to 0.8 mg/l in water solution, at pH 7 and at +20 degrees
C. Viral suspensions were added to disinfecting solution and, at pre-set times, were sampled to undergo to titration
after blocking the disinfectant action with thiosulphate 0.05 M. On the basis of the data obtained, for each virus and in
relation to different concentrations, mean reduction times were calculated for 99%, 99.9% and 99.99% using the
regression analysis model. RESULTS: As regards Feline calicivirus, at a concentration of 0.8 mg/l of ClO2, we
obtained the complete elimination of the viral titre in 2 min while 30 min were required at concentrations of 0.2 mg/l.
Coxsackie B5 showed a similar behaviour, being completely inactivated in 4 min with 0.4 mg/l of ClO2 and after 30
min at a concentration of 0.2 mg/l.
Inactivation was quicker for HAV, which was eliminated after only 30 sec at a concentration of 0.8 mg/l and after 5
min at 0.4 mg/l. CONCLUSION: Our data show that for complete inactivation of HAV and Feline calicivirus,
concentrations > or = 0.6 mg/l are required. This observation is true for Coxsackie B5 too, but this virus has shown a
good sensitivity at all concentration tested according to regression analysis results. For Feline calicivirus and HAV, at
low concentrations of disinfectant, prolonged contact times were needed to obtain a 99.99% reduction of viral titres
(about 16 and 20 minutes respectively).
Bibliographic Information
Are FPCIs a source of increased risk for children? Results of a multicenter, experimental study comparing
children's behaviour with FPCIs and toys. Donati C; Benelli B; Consonni N; Fabregant M; Mantyla T; Carelli G;
Corradetti R; Snidero S; Scarinzi C; Morra B; Gregori D Italian Institute of Toy Safety, Como, Italy
Journal of
safety research (2007), 38(5), 589-96. Journal code: 1264241. ISSN:0022-4375. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE); (MULTICENTER STUDY); (RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL); (CLINICAL TRIAL) written in
English.
PubMed ID 18023644 AN 2007688678
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of
Medicine on SciFinder (R))
105
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Food Products Containing Inedibles (FPCIs) are believed to represent a source of higher choking
risk in children. The aim of this study was to set up a controlled study, conducted on children aged 3-6 in a laboratory
setting, in order to understand their behavior when interacting with FPCIs (with reference to mouthing activities, double
nature recognition, and toy assembling ability). METHOD: The experimental phase was divided into two sessions: a
FPCI session and a Toy session, to which 247 children were randomly assigned. During these sessions children were
observed in order to catch their mouthing activity according to the two types of objects available to them (FPCIs and
Toys). RESULTS: This study shows that: (a) children's behavior with respect to toys contained in FPCIs and toys
presented alone is not significantly different; (b) children's ability to distinguish between the edible and non-edible part
of the FPCI was very high; and (c) mouthing episodes of the inedible parts were negligible and comparable between
FPCIs and toys presented alone. This strongly suggests that, with respect to choking risk, FPCIs are not per se
distinguishable from toys containing small parts. IMPACT ON INDUSTRY: Restrictions on the sale of FPCIs with
small toys exist in the U.S. market. In Europe, FPCIs are allowed to be on sale, under the condition that, in case, they
will follow the general regulatory requirements of small toys packaged and sold alone. In this case, they must provide
age warnings and labels. Our findings do not justify the different attention that toys in FPCIs are at times afforded by
regulators when compared to "stand alone" toys.
Bibliographic Information
Multiplex PCR for the identification and serotyping of L. monocytogenes isolated from sheep cheese-processing
plants.
De Santis E P L; Pilo A L; Cosseddu A M; Canu N A; Scarano C; Marongiu P Department of Animal
Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy. [email protected] Veterinary research
communications (2007), 31 Suppl 1 359-63. Journal code: 8100520. ISSN:0165-7380. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 17682914 AN 2007597553
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Bibliographic Information
Evaluation of HACCP plans of food industries: case study conducted by the Servizio di Igiene degli Alimenti e
della Nutrizione (Food and Nutrition Health Service) of the local health authority of Foggia, Italy.
Panunzio
Michele F; Antoniciello Antonietta; Pisano Alessandra; Rosa Giovanna Food and Nutrition Health Services, Local
Health Authority, Foggia, Italy. [email protected] International journal of environmental research and public health
(2007), 4(3), 228-32. Journal code: 101238455. E-ISSN:1660-4601. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE)
written in English. PubMed ID 17911662 AN 2007590593 In-process for MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
With respect to food safety, many works have studied the effectiveness of self-monitoring plans of food companies,
designed using the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) method. On the other hand, indepth research
has not been made concerning the adherence of the plans to HACCP standards. During our research, we evaluated 116
self-monitoring plans adopted by food companies located in the territory of the Local Health Authority (LHA) of
Foggia, Italy. The general errors (terminology, philosophy and redundancy) and the specific errors (transversal plan,
critical limits, hazard specificity, and lack of procedures) were standardized. Concerning the general errors,
terminological errors pertain to half the plans examined, 47% include superfluous elements and 60% have repetitive
subjects. With regards to the specific errors, 77% of the plans examined contained specific errors. The evaluation has
pointed out the lack of comprehension of the HACCP system by the food companies and has allowed the Servizio di
Igiene degli Alimenti e della Nutrizione (Food and Nutrition Health Service), in its capacity as a control body, to
intervene with the companies in order to improve designing HACCP plans.
Bibliographic Information
A case of malignant mesothelioma in a rice-starch factory.
106
De Zotti Renata; Fiorito Antonio
Clinical Unit of
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste General Hospital, Via
della Pieta' 19, 34129, Trieste, Italy. [email protected] International archives of occupational and environmental
health (2007), 80(8), 743-5. Journal code: 7512134. ISSN:0340-0131. (CASE REPORTS); Journal; Article;
(JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 17387504 AN 2007560102 MEDLINE (Copyright (C)
2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Recent reports of cases of malignant mesothelioma (MM) in "non-traditional" areas of employment
are an indication of the numerous occasions in which exposure to asbestos has occurred in the workplace. We describe
an unusual case of occupational exposure to asbestos to stress the importance of careful history taking when assessing a
patient's work history, especially in generic occupations in which there is apparently no exposure to asbestos. CASE
REPORT: Malignant mesothelioma was diagnosed in a woman worker employed in a factory making rice starch. She
had worked in the storehouse of the factory for approximately 40 years. From circumstantial interviews with relatives
and workmates, it emerged that her job involved retrieving, for re-use, the jute sacks in which the rice was transported.
More than one source remembered distinctly that some of the sacks had "Asbestos" written on the outside.
DISCUSSION: This case provides further confirmation of the importance of careful history taking among workers with
mesothelioma to avoid failing to diagnose occupational disease. It also highlights the risk of asbestos exposure
represented by recycling asbestos-contaminated sacks in both occupational and non-occupational settings.
Bibliographic Information
Leptospirosis: occupational risk in the chain of food of animal origin. Colavita G; Paoletti M Dipartimento di
Scienze e Tecnologie Agro-Alimentari Ambientali e Microbiologiche Universita degli Studi del Molise, Campobasso,
Italy. [email protected] Giornale italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia (2007), 29(1), 21-4. Journal code:
9712708. ISSN:1592-7830. (ENGLISH ABSTRACT); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review;
(REVIEW) written in Italian.
PubMed ID 17569414 AN 2007357739
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic infection. The source of infection in humans is usually either direct or indirect
contact with the urine of infected animals. Occupation is a significant risk factor for humans. Direct contact with
infected animals accounts for most infections in farmers, veterinarians, abattoir workers, meat inspectors. The highest
risk is associated with swine farming, slaughterhouse and meat industry workers. Most cases are diagnosed by
serology. Leptospirosis may be prevented trought appropriate hygiene, sanitization, animal husbandry. It is essential to
educate people working with animals or animal tissues about measures for reducing the risk of exposure to Leptospira.
Protective clothing provided included an apron, gloves and rubber boots. When the risk is high, serologic testing are
useful also.
Bibliographic Information
Application of automated ribotyping to support the evaluation of Listeria monocytogenes sources in a Taleggio
cheese producing plant. de Cesare A; Manfreda G; Macri M; Cantoni C Department of Food Science, Alma Mater
Studiorum, University of Bologna, Via S. Giacomo 9, 40126 Bologna, Italy. [email protected] Journal of food
protection (2007), 70(5), 1116-21. Journal code: 7703944. ISSN:0362-028X. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 17536669 AN 2007325084
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In March 2005, Listeria monocytogenes was detected on the rinds of Taleggio cheeses produced in an Italian plant. To
identify the pathogen source, 154 rinds of cheeses that had been manually and automatically salinated and 52
environmental swabs collected from salting equipment, ripening cloths, and ripening boxes were tested for L.
monocytogenes. Twenty-seven strains isolated from cheese samples and 16 strains isolated from environmental
107
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 samples were genotyped by EcoRI and PvuII automated ribotyping. The microbiological results revealed a significant
incidence of contamination of cheeses that were automatically salinated and contamination on the salting equipment,
ripening cloths, and boxes. All cheese and environmental strains had the same EcoRI and PvuII ribotyping profiles,
designated 153-204-S5 and 153-210-S-2, respectively. The only exception were three Taleggio strains, isolated from
the same lot of product, that had EcoRI and PvuII ribotyping profiles designated 153-289-S6 and 153-214-S-5,
respectively. Strains with EcoRI profile 153-204-S5 were classified as DUP-ID 1045 and serotype 1/2a, whereas
strains with EcoRI profile 153-289-S6 were classified as DUP-ID 1034 and serotype 1/2b. The microbiological and
molecular typing data collected in this study suggest that the source of the L. monocytogenes contamination in the
Taleggio plant under study was the automated salting equipment. The isolate DUP-IDs were used to trace the
introduction of potentially dangerous strains, such as those characterized as DUP-ID 1034, in the processing plant.
Bibliographic Information
Penicillium populations in dry-cured ham manufacturing plants.
Battilani Paola; Pietri V Amedeo; Giorni
Paola; Formenti Silvia; Bertuzzi Terenzio; Toscani Tania; Virgili Roberta; Kozakiewicz Zofia
Institute of
Entomology and Plant Pathology, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense, 84, 29100 Piacenza,
Italy. [email protected]
Journal of food protection (2007), 70(4), 975-80. Journal code: 7703944.
ISSN:0362-028X. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in
English.
PubMed ID 17477269 AN 2007269253
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of
Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Seven ham manufacturing plants were sampled for 1 year to assess the mycoflora present in the air and on hams, with
special attention given to potential mycotoxin producers. Temperature and relative humidity were recorded in the
ripening rooms. Maturing rooms held hams from 2 to 3 through 6 to 7 ripening months, and aging rooms held hams for
the following 6 to 7 months, until the 14-month ripening point, when they were ready for the market. Mean
temperatures and relative humidities registered during the study were 14.9 degrees C and 62.4%, respectively, in
maturing rooms and 16.3 degrees C and 57.6% in aging rooms. Aspergilli and penicillia, potential mycotoxin
producers, were isolated in all the plants from the air and the ham. Aspergilli represented 5% of the isolates, while
penicillia were largely dominant, with Penicillium nalgiovense being the most represented species (around 60% of the
penicillia), followed by Penicillium nordicum, with 10 and 26% of the penicillia isolated, respectively, from the air or
the ham. Ochratoxin A production ability, checked in vitro at 250C, was observed in 50% of the P. nordicum isolates
obtained both from the air and the ham. Air and ham surface contamination by penicillia was greater in the ripening
rooms, where higher temperatures were registered. A certain correlation was also observed between air and ham
surface contamination. On the basis of this study, P. nordicum, the ochratoxin A producer that is notable on
proteinaceous substrates, is normally present in ham manufacturing plants in Italy, even though not a dominant species.
Further studies are necessary to clarify and ensure if dry-curing conditions minimize the potential risk of ochratoxin A
formation in the product.
Bibliographic Information
Vanillin production using metabolically engineered Escherichia coli under non-growing conditions.
Barghini
Paolo; Di Gioia Diana; Fava Fabio; Ruzzi Maurizio Department of Agrobiology and Agrochemistry, University of
Tuscia, via Camillo de Lellis-snc, 01100 Viterbo, Italy. [email protected] Microbial cell factories (2007), 6 13.
Journal code: 101139812. E-ISSN:1475-2859. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed
ID 17437627 AN 2007252079 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Vanillin is one of the most important aromatic flavour compounds used in the food and cosmetic
industries. Natural vanillin is extracted from vanilla beans and is relatively expensive. Moreover, the consumer
demand for natural vanillin highly exceeds the amount of vanillin extracted by plant sources. This has led to the
investigation of other routes to obtain this flavour such as the biotechnological production from ferulic acid. Studies
concerning the use of engineered recombinant Escherichia coli cells as biocatalysts for vanillin production are described
108
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 in the literature, but yield optimization and biotransformation conditions have not been investigated in details.
RESULTS: Effect of plasmid copy number in metabolic engineering of E. coli for the synthesis of vanillin has been
evaluated by the use of genes encoding feruloyl-CoA synthetase and feruloyl hydratase/aldolase from Pseudomonas
fluorescens BF13. The higher vanillin production yield was obtained using resting cells of E. coli strain JM109
harbouring a low-copy number vector and a promoter exhibiting a low activity to drive the expression of the catabolic
genes. Optimization of the bioconversion of ferulic acid to vanillin was accomplished by a response surface
methodology. The experimental conditions that allowed us to obtain high values for response functions were 3.3 mM
ferulic acid and 4.5 g/L of biomass, with a yield of 70.6% and specific productivity of 5.9 micromoles/g x min after 3
hours of incubation. The final concentration of vanillin in the medium was increased up to 3.5 mM after a 6-hour
incubation by sequential spiking of 1.1 mM ferulic acid. The resting cells could be reused up to four times maintaining
the production yield levels over 50%, thus increasing three times the vanillin obtained per gram of biomass.
CONCLUSION: Ferulic acid can be efficiently converted to vanillin, without accumulation of undesirable vanillin
reduction/oxidation products, using E.
coli JM109 cells expressing genes from the ferulic acid-degrader Pseudomonas fluorescens BF13. Optimization of
culture conditions and bioconversion parameters, together with the reuse of the biomass, leaded to a final production of
2.52 g of vanillin per liter of culture, which is the highest found in the literature for recombinant strains and the highest
achieved so far applying such strains under resting cells conditions.
Bibliographic Information
Proliferative peritoneal and pleural cestodiasis in a cat caused by metacestodes of Mesocestoides sp.
Anatomohistopathological findings and genetic identification.
Eleni C; Scaramozzino P; Busi M; Ingrosso S;
D'Amelio S; De Liberato C Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Regioni Lazio e Toscana, Via Appia Nuova
1411, 00178 Rome, Italy
Parasite (Paris, France) (2007), 14(1), 71-6. Journal code: 9437094. ISSN:1252-607X.
(CASE REPORTS); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 17432059 AN
2007224666 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A 10-year-old female cat was brought to Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Regioni Lazio e Toscana for postmortem examination. The animal used to live, together with 26 other cats, in the big terrace of an apartment at the 8th
floor in Rome; and was always fed with industrial pet food. Anamnesis referred balance troubles, vomit and
convulsions, during a couple of days, followed by sudden death. At necropsy, the cat presented mucoid rhinitis,
purulent tracheitis, small areas of pneumonia, dark spots in the liver, catarrhal-hemorrhagic gastritis, fibrinous enteritis
and meningeal hyperemia. Thoracic and abdominal cavities were completely invaded by hundreds of larval stages of
cestodes. The same parasites were also included in nodules in pancreatic, lung and kidney parenchyma. Microscopic
examination of parasites allowed their identification as larval stages (metacestodes) of cestodes of the genus
Mesocestoides. The molecular genotyping of the metacestodes indicates a close relationship with members of the genus
Mesocestoides, although a significant variation was found with respect to the available sequences of other species of the
genus.
Bibliographic Information
System of indexes and indicators for the quality evaluation of HACCP plans based on the results of the official
controls conducted by the Servizio di Igiene degli Alimenti della Nutrizione (Food and Nutrition Health Service)
of the Local Health Authority of Foggia, Italy.
Panunzio Michele F; Antoniciello Antonietta; Pisano Alessandra
Food and Nutrition Health Services, Local Health Authority, Foggia, Italy. [email protected] International journal
of environmental research and public health (2007), 4(1), 34-8. Journal code: 101238455. ISSN:1661-7827.
(COMPARATIVE STUDY); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (VALIDATION STUDIES) written in English.
PubMed ID 17431313 AN 2007222707
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Within the realm of evaluating self-monitoring plans, developed based on the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control
109
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Points (HACCP) method and adopted by food companies, little research has been done concerning the quality of the
plans. The Servizio di Igiene degli Alimenti e della Nutrizione (Food and Nutrition Health Service) of the Local Health
Authority of Foggia, Italy, has conducted research with the aim to adopt a system of indexes and indicators for the
qualitative evaluation of HACCP plans. The critical areas considered were the following: simplicity, specificity,
feasibility and adherence. During the period from January 2004 to June 2005, the evaluation grid was used in
examining 250 HACCP self-monitoring plans of food companies. For the analysis of the determining factor four
groups were considered, with reference to HACCP self-monitoring plans designed: group 1 - with the aid of a qualified
team; group 2 - with the aid of an unqualified team; group 3 - with the aid of an unqualified expert; group 4 - without
the aid of an expert. The mean values of the measures elaborated decrease towards insufficiency moving from group 1
to group 4. In particular, collaboration by teams of unqualified experts brought about drafting unacceptable HACCP
plans on the levels of specificity and adherence, with respect to the HACCP method. The method proposed of the
analysis of the indexes and indicators beginning with an evaluation sheet can also help the individual company to better
adjust contribution by internal or external professionals to the company.
54 references were found when refined by Publication Year "2006"
Bibliographic Information
Electrodialysis applications in the food industry.
Fidaleo, Marcello; Moresi, Mauro.
Department of Food
Science and Technology, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research (2006), 51
265-360. Publisher: Elsevier, CODEN: AFNREL ISSN: 1043-4526. Journal written in English. AN 2008:400094
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This paper reviews the most recent innovations in electrodialysis (ED) modules and/or processes that appear to affect
the food and drinks industries in the short-medium term, together with their basic mass transport equations that might
help ED unit design or optimization. Future perspectives for ED processing in the food sector are also outlined.
Bibliographic Information
Anthocynanins as potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents.
Longo, Luigia; Vasapollo, Giuseppe.
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Innovazione, Universita di Lecce, Lecce, Italy. Editor(s): Govil, J. N.; Singh, V. K.;
Ahmad, Khalil. Recent Progress in Medicinal Plants (2006), 14 31-57. Publisher: Studium Press, LLC, Houston,
Tex CODEN: 69KLGO Conference; General Review written in English. AN 2008:295805 CAPLUS (Copyright
(C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Anthocyanins are phenolic compds. belonging to the flavonoid family and responsible for the color of many flowers,
fruits and berries. In the last decades, interest in this kind of pigments has increased because of their possible utilization
as natural food colorants and esp. as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents. Grapes and byproducts from the wine
industry, as well as other fruits such as strawberries, bilberries, cranberries, cherries, have traditionally been used as
important sources of anthocyanins. Recently, the berries of some shrubs and trees which grow wild in the
Mediterranean area have drawn attention since they could be new and interesting sources to obtain exts. rich in
anthocyanins for their use in food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.
Bibliographic Information
From environment to food: the case of PCB.
La Rocca, Cinzia; Mantovani, Alberto. Dipartimento di Sanita
Alimentare ed Animale, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy. Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita (2006),
42(4), 410-416. Publisher: Istituto Superiore di Sanita, CODEN: AISSAW ISSN: 0021-2571. Journal; General
Review written in English.
CAN 147:270274
AN 2007:537441
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
110
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
A review. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are ubiquitary microcontaminants. Because of both lipid soly. and the
absence of adequate metabolic pathway in the organisms, PCB tend to bioaccumulate along the trophic chains. PCB
may affect the endocrine, nervous and immune systems; the biol. activities are related to chem. structure, particular
concern has arisen about a group of "dioxin-like" congeners. Feed is the major way of PCB exposure of farm animals.
PCB bioaccumulation is related to the lipid content of tissues, particularly in fat tissues, in meat, liver and are
transferred into milk and eggs. More than 90% of human exposure derives from foods of animal origin. A recent
episode of PCB contaminating pastures occurring in the industrial municipality of Brescia (Northern Italy) is presented
as an example of feed-food-human transfer chain. Farm animals and human exposure to dioxin-like and non dioxin-like
PCB congeners is discussed in relationship to their toxicol. effects, with special attention to vulnerable groups, such as
children. Finally, considerations on risk assessment and management are reported.
Bibliographic Information
Exploitation of by-products (solid wastes) from tomato processing to obtain high value antioxidants.
Sandei,
L.; Leoni, C. SSICA-Parma-Stazione Sperimentale per l'Industria delle Conserve Alimentari, Parma, Italy. Acta
Horticulturae (2006), 724(Proceedings of the IXth International Symposium on the Processing Tomato, 2004), 249257. Publisher: International Society for Horticultural Science, CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal
written in English. CAN 147:233746 AN 2007:190500 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Several companies worldwide are interested in carrying out the industrial extn. of carotenoids (lycopene, beta-carotene
and others) from tomato wastes (peels and seeds) in order to meet the requirements of the international nutraceutical
(food additives), pharmaceutical and cosmetic markets. This project investigated the theor. capacity of a large area in
Northern Italy with many tomato processing factories, to obtain carotenoids from tomato solid wastes and the
possibility of reducing the degrdn. of these pigments via isomerization and oxidn. under different processing conditions.
The wastes collected from 16 tomato processing factories operating in the Pianura Padana area were analyzed and
stabilized with different pre-treatments in order to improve the yield of the subsequent extn. process (CO2 SFE).
Bibliographic Information
Compact gas heater/mixer for special applications: theoretical approach and experimental verification.
Di
Matteo, Umberto. Universita Telematica Guglielmo Marconi, Rome, Italy.
Heat and Technology (Pisa, Italy)
(2006), 24(2), 151-157. Publisher: Edizioni ETS, CODEN: HETEEE ISSN: 0392-8764. Journal written in English.
CAN 146:186400 AN 2007:152319 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A particular double fluid and phase transition heat exchanger and gas mixer characterized by a coil shape is proposed
and studied. The system may be used for special applications where peculiar geometrical constraints must be achieved.
The exchanger was firstly proposed for feeding an original small size modular molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC)
patented (patent no.: PG 2003 A 0019) by researchers of the University of Perugia. Because of the small size and
compact geometry of the patented MCFC stack, a custom system for natural gas and water introduction is required.
Natural gas must be heated (stack temp. is 650 ) and mixed with steam in order to obtain gas reforming into hydrogen
and meanwhile anodic humidification which is required to extend MCFC life. Theor. results were verified by exptl.
investigations. The proposed heat exchanger design approach may be applied to any devices which requires high
temps. feeding gases, such as any fuel cell type or reforming industrial plants.
Bibliographic Information
Characterization and biological activity of essential oils from fourteen Labiatae species.
Stefanini, I.; Piccaglia,
R.; Marotti, M.; Biavati, B.
Department of Agroenvironmental Sciences and Technologies, Bologna University,
111
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Italy. Acta Horticulturae (2006), 723(Proceedings of the Ist International Symposium on the Labiatae: Advances in
Production, Biotechnology and Utilisation, 2006), 221-226. Publisher: International Society for Horticultural Science,
CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal written in English. CAN 147:230684 AN 2007:89997 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The Labiatae family is rich in plants that are sources of essential oils having arom. notes and biol. properties.
Considering the interest in natural products for cosmetic, perfumery, food and pharmacol. industry, the deeper
knowledge of the potentiality of different arom. plants can give results of economic importance. In our work, the
essential oils of fourteen species were evaluated for their qualiquant. compn. and biol. activity. The species analyzed
are: basil (Ocimum basilicum L.), beebalm (Monarda didyma L.), pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.), spearmint
(Mentha spicata L.), headed savory (Thymus capitatus Hoffm.et Link), calamint (Calamintha nepeta L.), winter savory
(Satureja montana L.), savory (Satureja cuneifolia Ten.), thymbra (Thymbra sintenisii Bornm. et Aznav. ssp. isaurica
P.H. Davis), a cultivated rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L) and four wild rosemaries harvested in different Italian
locations: Elba Island (Tuscany), Sicily, Abruzzo and Calabria. The oils, obtained by steam-distn. of fresh aerial part of
the plants harvested at full flowering stage, were characterized by GC-MS, tested for antimicrobial property by detg. the
minimal inhibitory concn. (MIC) and for the antioxidant activity by -carotene bleaching test. Each species was
characterized by a peculiar qualiquant. compn. and all the oils contained compds. with established biol. activity.
Headed savory exerted the highest antimicrobial control also at low concns. Basil and rosemary from Elba Island
evidenced a great antioxidant capability comparable to that of -tocopherol used as ref. antioxidant agent.
Bibliographic Information
Carotenoid, chlorophyll and chlorophyll-derived compounds in pistachio kernels (Pistacia vera L.) from Sicily.
Giuffrida, D.; Saitta, M.; La Torre, L.; Bombaci, L.; Dugo, G. Dipartimento di Chimica Organica e Biologica, Facolta
di Scienze, Universita di Messina, Messina, Italy.
Italian Journal of Food Science (2006), 18(3), 309-316.
Publisher: Chiriotti Editori sas, CODEN: ITFSEY ISSN: 1120-1770. Journal written in English. CAN 147:141976
AN 2006:1320350 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The compn. of carotenoid, chlorophyll, and chlorophyll-derived compds. in Sicilian pistachio kernels (Pistacia vera L.)
was investigated. In all, 13 compds. were identified and quantified using reversed-phase liq. chromatog. with
photodiode array detection with a C-30 column. Internal kernel color is an important visual quality characteristic for
the food processing industry. Chlorophyll a was the major component (54.14 ppm), followed by chlorophyll b (30.2
ppm). Lutein (29.14 ppm) and pheophytin a (25.68 ppm) were also well represented. Pheophytins a and b, neoxanthin,
luteoxanthin and violaxanthin were identified in pistachio nuts for the first time. The presence of a carotenoid ester was
also detected. The ratio between the two isochromic pigment fractions, namely the chlorophyll and the carotenoid
fractions, was 2.7, clearly showing the prevalence of the green color; the chlorophyll a/chlorophyll b and the lutein/ carotene ratios were of 1.8 and 4.1, resp. These parameters, along with other anal. parameters, could be used as
indicators of typicality in Sicilian pistachio nuts. The presence of a specific pigment profile in nuts could, in fact, be
used to guarantee the typicality of the product, since the quality control of food also requires a precise knowledge of the
pigment compn. of the original product.
Bibliographic Information
CcpA affects expression of the groESL and dnaK operons in Lactobacillus plantarum.
Castaldo, Cristiana;
Siciliano, Rosa A.; Muscariello, Lidia; Marasco, Rosangela; Sacco, Margherita. Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali,
Seconda Universita di Napoli, Caserta, Italy. Microbial Cell Factories (2006), 5 No pp. given. Publisher: BioMed
Central Ltd., CODEN: MCFICT ISSN: 1475-2859. http://www.microbialcellfactories.com/content/pdf/1475-2859-535.pdf Journal; Online Computer File written in English.
CAN 146:136290
AN 2006:1316352
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
112
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are widely used in food industry and their growth performance is important for the quality of
the fermented product. During industrial processes changes in temp. may represent an environmental stress to be
overcome by starters and non-starters LAB. Studies on adaptation to heat shock have shown the involvement of the
chaperon system-proteins in various Gram-pos. bacteria. The corresponding operons, namely the dnaK and groESL
operons, are controlled by a neg. mechanism involving the HrcA repressor protein binding to the cis acting element
CIRCE. In this study, the authors studied adaptation to heat shock in the lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum.
The LM3-2 strain, carrying a null mutation in the ccpA gene, encoding the catabolite control protein A (CcpA), showed
a lower percent of survival to high temp. with respect to the LM3 wild type strain. Among proteins differentially
expressed in the two strains, the GroEL chaperon was more abundant in the wild type strain compared to the mutant
strain under std. growth conditions. Transcriptional studies showed that class I heat shock operons were differentially
expressed upon heat shock in both strains. Indeed, the dnaK and groESL operons were induced about two times more
in the LM3 strain compared to the LM3-2 strain. Anal. of the regulatory region of the two operons showed the presence
of cre sequences, putative binding sites for the CcpA protein. The authors concluded that the L. plantarum dnaK and
groESL operons are characterized by the presence of the cis acting sequence CIRCE in the promoter region, suggesting
a neg. regulation by the HrcA/CIRCE system, which is a common type of control among the class I heat shock operons
of Gram-pos. bacteria. The authors found an addnl. system of regulation, based on a pos. control exerted by the CcpA
protein, which would interact with cre sequences present in the regulatory region of the dnaK and groESL operons.
The absence of the CcpA protein results in a lower induction of the chaperon coding operons, with a consequent lower
percent of survival of the LM3-2 mutant strain population with respect to the wild type when challenged with a heat
insult.
Bibliographic Information
Genotoxicity and carcinogenicity of acrylamide: a critical review. Carere, Angelo. Dipartimento di Ambiente e
Connessa Prevenzione Primaria, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy. Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita
(2006), 42(2), 144-155. Publisher: Istituto Superiore di Sanita, CODEN: AISSAW ISSN: 0021-2571. Journal;
General Review written in English. CAN 146:178469 AN 2006:1291583 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. In 2002, public health concerns were raised by Swedish studies showing that relatively high levels of
acrylamide were formed during the frying, roasting, or baking of a variety of foods, including potatoes, cereal products
and coffee at temps. above 120 C. Acrylamide possesses a range of hazardous properties, the key effects being
carcinogenicity, genotoxicity, neurotoxicity and reproductive toxicity. Acrylamide is clearly carcinogenic in studies in
animals, in which it causes increased tumor incidence at a variety of sites. Although the mechanisms for tumor
induction in exptl. animals have not yet fully elucidated, the in vivo genotoxicity at gene and chromosome level in
somatic and germ cells in rodents cannot be discounted from contributing to it. At this time, there is no information to
indicate any significant difference between rodents and humans in sensitivity to cancer formation from acrylamide. The
present available epidemiol. studies of human industrial and accidental exposures have to be considered not suitable for
use in the cancer risk assessment of acrylamide in food, due to several limitations. In reviewing the genotoxicity and
carcinogenicity of acrylamide, the author has taken into account also the evaluations made by the IARC in 1994, the
FAO/WHO in 2002 by the European Commission Scientific Committee on Food (SCF) in 2002 and by the Joint
FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additive (JECFA) in 2005.
Bibliographic Information
Development of a complete kinetic model for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis over Co/Al2O3 catalysts.
Visconti, Carlo Giorgio; Tronconi, Enrico; Lietti, Luca; Zennaro, Roberto; Forzatti, Pio. Dipartimento di Chimica,
Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica "G.Natta", Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy. DGMK Tagungsbericht (2006),
2006-4(Proceedings of the DGMK/SCI-Conference "Synthesis Gas Chemistry", 2006), 255-262. Publisher: Deutsche
Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft fuer Erdoel, Erdgas und Kohle, CODEN: DGTAF7 ISSN: 1433-9013. Journal written
in English. CAN 146:524499 AN 2006:1263351 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
113
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
A global kinetic model of the FTS over a Co/Al2O3 state-of-the-art catalyst is developed in a fixed bed micro-reactor
under conditions relevant to industrial operation (temp., 210-235 C; pressure, 8-25 bar; H2/CO feed molar ratio, 1.82.7; gas hourly space velocity, 2000-7000 cm3(STP)/h/gcatalyst). On the basis of proposed reaction mechanisms,
developed according to the carbide theory and the alkyl mechanism, the kinetic expressions for n-paraffins and olefins formation are derived. Both the calcd. CO conversion and the hydrocarbons distribution (up to N = 49) in FTS
reaction are satisfactorily predicted.
Bibliographic Information
Nickel quantification in serum by a validated sector-field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
method: assessment of tentative reference values for an Italian population.
Bocca, Beatrice; Forte, Giovanni;
Ronchi, Anna; Gaggeri, Raffaella; Alimonti, Alessandro; Minoia, Claudio.
Department for Environmental and
Primary Prevention, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry (2006),
20(22), 3289-3294. Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., CODEN: RCMSEF ISSN: 0951-4198. Journal written in
English. CAN 146:39835 AN 2006:1258396 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The daily exposure to Ni from food, industrial processes, jewellery and coins makes the detn. of Ni in human serum an
important way to monitor the health status in non-occupationally exposed subjects. To this end, a method based on
sector-field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was developed and validated. The limits of detection (LoD)
and quantification (LoQ), sensitivity, linearity range, trueness, repeatability, within-lab. reproducibility, and robustness
were the considered issues of the validation process. The uncertainty assocd. with the measurements was also calcd.,
according to the Eurachem/Citac Guide. The method LoD and LoQ were 0.03 and 0.09 ng/mL-1, linearity was over
two order of magnitude, trueness was -3.57%, and the repeatability and reproducibility showed relative std. deviations
equal to 4.56% and 6.52%, resp. The relative expanded uncertainty was 21.8% at the Ni levels found in the general
population. The tentative ref. value for serum Ni was 0.466 0.160 ng/mL-1 with a related interval between 0.226 and
1.026 ng/mL-1.
Bibliographic Information
Cyclodextrins as food additives and in food processing.
Cravotto, Giancarlo; Binello, Arianna; Baranelli, Enzo;
Carraro, Paolo; Trotta, Francesco. Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del Farmaco, Universita di Torino, Turin,
Italy.
Current Nutrition & Food Science (2006), 2(4), 343-350. Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.,
CODEN: CNFSCQ ISSN: 1573-4013. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 147:29698
AN
2006:1198869 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review discussing the applications of cyclodextrins (CDs) in food manuf., focusing on the tech. advantages of their
use in food processing and as food additives. Their beneficial effects essentially derive from the ability to form stable
inclusion complexes with sensitive lipophilic nutrients and constituents of flavor and taste. Toxicol. data are examd.
and an assessment of CDs from the standpoint of safety for human consumption is made. Regulations are covered,
showing a general trend towards a wider acceptance of CDs as food additives. The growing health consciousness of
consumers and expanding market for functional foods and nutraceutical products are opening up to CDs a promising
future in food industry.
Bibliographic Information
Improving the extraction of -tocopherol-enriched oil from grape seeds by supercritical CO2. Optimization of
the extraction conditions.
Bravi, M.; Spinoglio, F.; Verdone, N.; Adami, M.; Aliboni, A.; D'Andrea, A.; De Santis,
A.; Ferri, D. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Universita di Roma "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy. Journal of
Food Engineering (2006), Volume Date 2007, 78(2), 488-493. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: JFOEDH ISSN:
114
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 0260-8774. Journal written in English.
ACS on SciFinder (R))
CAN 146:315445
AN 2006:1158741
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
Abstract
In this work milled grape seeds from Vitis Vinifera were leached with supercrit. carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) to assess the
opportunity to obtain and -tocopherol-enriched oil, having many potential uses in both the pharmaceutical and food
industry. The extns. were carried out at the pressure of 25 MPa without pre-soaking to better reflect the prospective
operation mode in a forthcoming industrial use. The obtained results were evaluated in terms of total amt. of oil and
total amt. of -tocopherol extd. from milled grape seeds as a function of particle size, extn. temp. and CO2 to seed
mass ratio. The optimal extn. conditions were found to be 80 and ground seed fragment size in the range 300-425
m; under these conditions the extd. oil contains as much as 265 ppm -tocopherol. All the obtained results were
compared to those of n-hexane extn.: the -tocopherol concn. in the oil extd. with SC-CO2 is higher than that obtained
by n-hexane, while the overall oil yield is lower.
Bibliographic Information
Use of DNA-based tracers for surface identification of commercial products including foodstuff and
horticultural products by PCR.
Franchi, Alberto. (Avvocato Alberto Franchi, Italy). Eur. Pat. Appl. (2006),
15pp. CODEN: EPXXDW EP 1717321 A1 20061102 Designated States R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR,
IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI, LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR, BG, CZ, EE, HU, PL, SK, BA, HR, IS, YU.
Patent written in English.
Application: EP 2005-425272 20050429. Priority: . CAN 145:434395
AN
2006:1151013 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 1717321
Kind
A1
Priority Application
EP 2005-425272
Date
Application No.
Date
20061102
EP 2005-425272
20050429
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR, BG, CZ, EE, HU, PL, SK, BA, HR, IS,
YU
20050429
Abstract
The present invention relates to the use of DNA-based tracer for surface identification of com. products including
foodstuff and horticultural products by PCR. The tracer comprises at least one DNA cloning vector in which one or
more DNA fragments are inserted which are mutually different at least in terms of length or sequence, wherein the
inserted DNA is primary DNA, each inserted fragment has a length of at least 50 base pairs and the inserts are at least
two if the inserted DNA is derived entirely from the product to be identified. The tracer also comprises at least one
agent that is adapted to allow application of vectors to the surface of product needed to be identified. The agent may
include waxes or reins of vegetable or chem. origin and mixts. thereof typically used in the food industry, liq. and/or
semiliquid substances of vegetable, animal, mineral and/or chem. origin normally used in the food sector, flours or
powders of vegetable, animal, chem. or mineral origin and one or more adhesives that can be used for food. In a
particular embodiment, DNA-based tracers were used for identification of apples by PCR.
Bibliographic Information
Effect of feed length on settleability, substrate uptake and storage in a sequencing batch reactor treating an
industrial wastewater.
Dionisi, D.; Majone, M.; Levantesi, C.; Bellani, A.; Fuoco, A. Department of Chemistry,
University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy. Environmental Technology (2006), 27(8), 901-908. Publisher:
Selper Ltd., Publications Division, CODEN: ENVTEV ISSN: 0959-3330. Journal written in English.
CAN
115
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 146:31872 AN 2006:1136642 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Performance of 2 sequencing batch reactors (SBR) treating the same industrial wastewater (contg. formic acid, ethylene
glycol, methanol) operated at 2 different feed lengths were compared. The 2 SBR were operated in parallel under the
same org. load (0.85 g COD/L-day) and sludge age (.apprx.10 days) conditions; the only difference was length of the
feed: <1 min vs. 5 h. Thus, conditions in a plug-flow reactor and a completely-mixed reactor were simulated. These 2
systems were compared on sludge settleability (related to filaments abundance and floc morphol.), substrate uptake rate,
and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) storage rate. The main difference between the 2 systems was sludge settling
properties: sludge vol. index and effluent solids were higher in the slow feed system. Regarding filamentous
microorganisms, even though both reactors were inoculated with the same sludge with high filament concns., the
filaments were rapidly washed-out of both systems. Microscope observations showed the reason for different sludge
settling properties was floc structure, which was more compact in fast feed system. These data supported the theory of
the role of diffusion inside flocs to det. sludge settling properties. Max. substrate uptake and PHA storage rates were
similar in the 2 systems, showing that microorganisms grown at a const., low substrate concn. were able to quickly
increase their activity and store PHA in the presence of a sudden change in substrate concn.
Bibliographic Information
Immunolocalization of -glucosidase immobilized within polysulphone capillary membrane and evaluation of
its activity in situ.
Mazzuca, S.; Giorno, L.; Spadafora, A.; Mazzei, R.; Drioli, E.
Department of Ecology,
University of Calabria, Rende, CS, Italy. Journal of Membrane Science (2006), 285(1+2), 152-158. Publisher:
Elsevier B.V., CODEN: JMESDO ISSN: 0376-7388. Journal written in English.
CAN 146:77036
AN
2006:1104670 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A new combined method is reported to localize the sites of enzyme immobilization and to det. its catalytic activity on a
polymeric capillary membrane reactor. The useful new method resulted from the merging of the classic in situ enzyme
activity assay and western blot technique whose both results are easily detectable either at low than at high
magnification in light microscopy.
-Glucosidase from olive fruit was selected as enzyme model because of its
suitable relevance in the industrial processing of foods, in biotechnol. and in pharmaceuticals and for its activity against
the synthetic substrate 5-brome-4-chloro-3-indolyl- -D-glucopyranosyde which develops an insol. dyed product. The
enzyme was phys. immobilized within 30 kDa cut-off capillary polysulfone membranes and results obtained by means
of a polyclonal antibody against -glucosidase and the synthetic substrate clearly showed a coherent localization of the
immobilization enzyme sites and its activity.
Bibliographic Information
General evidence supporting the hypothesis that Saccharomyces cerevisiae vaginal isolates originate from food
industrial environments.
Siccardi, Daniela; Rellini, Paolo; Corte, Laura; Bistoni, Francesco; Fatichenti, Fabrizio;
Cardinali, Gianluigi.
Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale e Biotecnologie Agroambientali e Zootecniche, Sezione
Microbiologia Agroalimentare e Ambientale, Universita degli Studi di Perugia, Italy. New Microbiologica (2006),
29(3), 201-206. Publisher: Edizioni Internazionali srl, Div. EDIMES, CODEN: NMEIB2 ISSN: 1121-7138. Journal
written in English. CAN 146:248869 AN 2006:1102803 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains isolated from pregnant women were identified and characterized by mol. techniques
which disclosed a wide chromosomal variability and possible segregations due to sporulation. The morphol. anal.
showed that very few strains were able to sporulate and generate pseudohyphae, whereas none produced proteases,
raising some doubts on the importance of these characters in strain pathogenicity. The anal. of ethanol prodn. revealed
that these strains are quite similar to those found in fermentative plants, suggesting a possible derivation from the food
industrial environment. Since the absence of relevant amts. of sugar does not confer selective advantage to strong
116
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 fermentative metabs., these findings suggest that a metabolic adaptation to the vaginal environment did not occur yet.
Bibliographic Information
Mass spectrometry in grape and wine chemistry. Part II: the consumer protection.
Flamini, Riccardo;
Panighel, Annarita. Istituto Sperimentale per la Viticoltura, CRA, Conegliano, Italy. Mass Spectrometry Reviews
(2006), 25(5), 741-774. Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., CODEN: MSRVD3 ISSN: 0277-7037. Journal;
General Review written in English. CAN 146:227877 AN 2006:975664 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Controls in food industry are fundamental to protect the consumer health. For products of high quality,
warranty of origin and identity is required and anal. control is very important to prevent frauds. In this article, the "state
of art" of mass spectrometry in enol. chem. as a consumer safety contribution is reported. Gas chromatog.-mass
spectrometry (GC/MS) and liq.-chromatog.-mass spectrometry (LC/MS) methods have been developed to det.
pesticides, Et carbamate, and compds. from the yeast and bacterial metab. in wine. The presence of pesticides in wine
is mainly linked to the use of dicarboxyimide fungicides on vineyard shortly before the harvest to prevent the Botrytis
cinerea attack of grape. Pesticide residues are regulated at max. residue limits in grape of low ppm levels, but
significantly lower levels in wine have to be detected, and mass spectrometry offers effective and sensitive methods.
Moreover, mass spectrometry represent an advantageous alternative to the radioactive-source-contg. electron capture
detector commonly used in GC anal. of pesticides. Anal. of ochratoxin A (OTA) in wine by LC/MS and multiple mass
spectrometry (MS/MS) permits to confirm the toxin presence without the use of expensive immunoaffinity columns, or
time and solvent consuming sample derivatization procedures. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry
(ICP/MS) is used to control heavy metals contamination in wine, and to verify the wine origin and authenticity.
Isotopic ratio-mass spectrometry (IRMS) is applied to reveal wine watering and sugar addns., and to det. the product
origin and traceability.
Bibliographic Information
Effects of three AM fungi on growth, distribution of glandular hairs, and essential oil production in Ocimum
basilicum L. var. Genovese.
Copetta, Andrea; Lingua, Guido; Berta, Graziella.
Dipartimento di Scienze
dell'Ambiente e della Vita, Universita del Piemonte Orientale "Amedeo Avogadro", Alessandria, Italy. Mycorrhiza
(2006), 16(7), 485-494. Publisher: Springer, CODEN: MCOREZ ISSN: 0940-6360. Journal written in English.
CAN 147:67727 AN 2006:927458 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The essential oils of basil are widely used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical, food, and flavoring industries. Little is
known about the potential of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi to affect their prodn. in this arom. plant. The effects of
colonization by three AM fungi, Glomus mosseae BEG 12, Gigaspora margarita BEG 34, and Gigaspora rosea BEG 9
on shoot and root biomass, abundance of glandular hairs, and essential oil yield of Ocimum basilicum L. var. Genovese
were studied. Plant P content was analyzed in the various treatments and no differences were obsd. The AM fungi
induced various modifications in the considered parameters, but only Gi. rosea significantly affected all of them in
comparison to control plants or the other fungal treatments. It significantly increased biomass, root branching and
length, and the total amt. of essential oil (esp. -terpineol). Increased oil yield was assocd. to a significantly larger no.
of peltate glandular trichomes (main sites of essential oil synthesis) in the basal and central leaf zones. Furthermore, Gi.
margarita and Gi. rosea increased the percentage of eugenol and reduced linalool yield. Results showed that different
fungi can induce different effects in the same plant and that the essential oil yield can be modulated according to the
colonizing AM fungus.
Bibliographic Information
Water, solute, and segmental dynamics in polysaccharide hydrogels.
Cavalieri, Francesca; Chiessi, Ester;
Finelli, Ivana; Natali, Francesca; Paradossi, Gaio; Telling, Mark F. Dipartimento di Chimica, University of Rome Tor
117
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Vergata, Rome, Italy. Macromolecular Bioscience (2006), 6(8), 579-589. Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH &
Co. KGaA, CODEN: MBAIBU ISSN: 1616-5187. Journal written in English.
CAN 146:258532
AN
2006:881288 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Polysaccharide hydrogels have found several applications in the food industry, in biomedicine, and cosmetics. The
study of polysaccharide hydrogels offers a challenging scenario of intrinsic heterogeneities in the crosslinking d. and
large time and space ranges that characterize a no. of dynamic processes entailing segmental motions, water diffusion,
and small-mol. diffusion. The understanding of such complex features is essential because of the extensive use of
polysaccharidic moieties in the food industry, biomedical devices, and cosmetics. The study of phenomena occurring at
the nanoscale to the mesoscale requires the combination of investigative tools to probe different time and distance
scales and the structural characterization of the networks by established methodologies such as swelling and elastic
modulus measurements. Elastic and quasielastic neutron scattering, and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching are
emerging methodologies in this field. In this feature article the authors focus, somewhat arbitrarily, on these new
approaches because other techniques, such as low-resoln. proton NMR relaxometry and rheol., were already described
thoroughly in the literature. Case examples of polysaccharide hydrogels studied by neutron scattering and fluorescence
recovery are presented here as contributions to the comprehension of the dynamic behavior of phys. and chem.
hydrogels based on polysaccharides.
Bibliographic Information
Expression of Penicillium variabile P16 glucose oxidase gene in Pichia pastoris and characterization of the
recombinant enzyme.
Crognale, Silvia; Pulci, Valentina; Brozzoli, Viviana; Petruccioli, Maurizio; Federici,
Federico.
Dipartimento di Agrobiologia e Agrochimica, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy.
Enzyme and
Microbial Technology (2006), 39(6), 1230-1235. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: EMTED2 ISSN: 0141-0229.
Journal written in English. CAN 146:99205 AN 2006:879830 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
Glucose oxidase (GOX) is a glycoprotein that finds wide application in food industry and clin. anal. The gene encoding
the GOX from Penicillium variabile P16 was expressed in Pichia pastoris X 33 using the methanol inducible AOX1
promoter. Among 11 transformants resistant toward high zeocin concns., six Mut+ strains were screened in shaken
flasks and the strain X33 c9, producing 0.33 U ml-1 of heterologous GOX after 11 days of fermn., was selected.
Recombinant GOX (ca. 50 U ml-1) was produced in a 3-l fermenter under not optimized conditions, recovered and
purified in order to characterize and to compare it with the native one. The GOX from P. pastoris had a mol. wt. of 82
kDa. Comparison of carbohydrate moieties showed a slight over-glycosylation of the GOX from Pichia over the native
enzyme (17 and 14%, resp.). pH behavior of the recombinant enzyme, in terms of both activity and stability, was
similar to that of the native one; on the other hand, a certain difference was obsd. in optimal temp. for activity and in
thermal stability. P. pastoris appears to be a good expression system for GOX prodn.
Bibliographic Information
Comparative evaluation of the antioxidant capacity of smoke flavouring phenols by crocin bleaching inhibition,
DPPH radical scavenging and oxidation potential.
Bortolomeazzi, Renzo; Sebastianutto, Nerina; Toniolo,
Rosanna; Pizzariello, Andrea. Department of Food Science, University of Udine, Udine, Italy. Food Chemistry
(2006), Volume Date 2007, 100(4), 1481-1489. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: FOCHDJ ISSN: 0308-8146.
Journal written in English.
CAN 145:437483
AN 2006:803169
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The antioxidant capacity of the main phenolic compds. present in wood smoke and smoke flavourings used in the food
industry was investigated by three methods, based on a kinetic and thermodn. approach: The bleaching of the carotenoid
118
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 crocin, the scavenging of the DPPH radical, and the detn. of the oxidn. potential. The reaction with the DPPH radical
was evaluated calcg. the effective concn. (EC50) and the antiradical efficiency (AE). The compds. tested were 2methoxyphenols (guaiacol, 4-methylguaiacol, 4-ethylguaiacol, 4-vinylguaiacol, 4-propylguaiacol, eugenol, isoeugenol,
vanillin, acetovanillone, 2-propiovanillone), 2,6-dimethoxyphenols (syringol, 4-methylsyringol, 4-allylsyringol,
syringaldehyde, acetosyringone) and dihydroxybenzenes (catechol, 3-methylcatechol, 4-methylcatechol, 3methoxycatecho,l and hydroquinone). The trend in antioxidant capacity was similar in all the three methods, with
dihydroxybenzenes > 2,6-dimethoxyphenols > 2-methoxyphenols, although some discrepancies in the ranking within
the groups were present. Considering the overall ranking, isoeugenol was amongst the most active compd., like
dihydroxybenzenes, evidencing the role of a conjugated double bond at para position for the stabilization of the
phenoxyl radical in the radical scavenging process.
Bibliographic Information
Development of synthetic wastewater from the tomato industry for membrane processing purposes.
Iaquinta,
Marie; Stoller, Marco; Merli, Carlo.
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Rome "La Sapienza",
Rome, Italy. Desalination (2006), 200(1-3), 739-741. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: DSLNAH ISSN: 00119164. Journal written in English. CAN 145:443023 AN 2006:802670 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The wastewater produced by the tomato industries deteriorates quickly. This issue does not permit to study this kind of
soln. for long periods, hence the requirement of a prodn. of equiv. synthetic wastewater. All the considered parameters
of the synthetic soln. created in this work were in line with the real ones, including the chem. properties and the fouling
behavior.
Bibliographic Information
Exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls in residents near a chemical factory in Italy: The food chain as main
source of contamination.
Donato, Francesco; Magoni, Michele; Bergonzi, Roberto; Scarcella, Carmelo; Indelicato,
Anna; Carasi, Sergio; Apostoli, Pietro. Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Public Health, Facolta di Medicina e
Chirurgia, Universita di Brescia, Brescia, Italy. Chemosphere (2006), 64(9), 1562-1572. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.,
CODEN: CMSHAF ISSN: 0045-6535. Journal written in English. CAN 145:286303 AN 2006:738729 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
High levels of PCBs were recently found in soil, food, and some farmers living close to a chem. factory which until the
1980s had produced polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in Brescia, North Italy. The authors performed a survey on a
random sample of subjects aged 20-79 years living in various areas of the town with different levels of soil pollution to
investigate factors assocd. with increased levels of PCB in serum (24 congeners were tested). Total PCB values were
closely related to age (Spearman r = 0.68; p < 0.0001). The 166 consumers of locally produced food had higher PCB
levels than non-consumers (median = 1143 vs. 719; 95th centile = 9301 vs. 2635 ng/g lipid) with the highest levels
among consumers of food produced in the most contaminated area close to the factory (median = 2551; 95th centile =
33 464 ng/g lipid). A dose-effect relation between consumption of food produced in this area and PCB blood levels was
obsd. (Spearman r = 0.52, p = 0.0014). Consumers of only plant food produced in this area had higher levels of PCB
than non-consumers (median = 1100; 95th centile = 10,800 ng/g lipid). Three subjects who had worked at the factory in
the past showed high PCB levels. Distribution of PCB congeners did not differ between consumers of locally produced
food and non-consumers, apart from PCB 209 which was found at high levels in former factory workers and was more
common among consumers of food produced in the polluted area. Thus, the authors found high serum PCB levels in
humans living in a highly polluted area in an industrialized town in Italy, due mainly to the consumption of food
produced in polluted areas.
Bibliographic Information
119
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Traceability of organic compounds. Part 1: Chemical methods.
Brenna, Elisabetta; Fronza, Giovanni; Fuganti,
Claudio.
Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Milano, CNR - Istituto di
Chimica del Riconoscimento Molecolare, Italy.
Chimica e l'Industria (Milan, Italy) (2006), 88(5), 58-62.
Publisher: Promedia Publishing, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN 145:118413 AN 2006:735800 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. In the field of food and drug industry and forensic science, traceability is an essential tool to ensure the use
of safe products and to fight counterfeiting and illicit business. In this work, the main chem. methods to establish the
synthetic origin of food and drugs are reviewed.
Bibliographic Information
Water safety plans and their role in preventing and managing contamination of the water supply.
Aertgeerts,
R. WHO European Centre for Environment and Health, Rome, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Rome, Italy.
Editor(s): Thompson, K. Clive; Gray, John. Water Contamination Emergencies (2006),
53-61. Publisher: Royal
Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK CODEN: 69IFHV Conference written in English. CAN 145:459711 AN
2006:590905 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The historic basis of risk assessment and risk management is discussed in the framework of the hazard anal. and crit.
control point approach in the food industry, leading to the formulation of water safety plans (WSP) in the drinkingwater service. The role of such WSPs in the protection of public health in case of malevolent introduction of
contaminants in the water system is also discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Cleaning and sanitizing device for food manufacture premises and equipments.
Amalberto, Andrea. (Aeraque
Impianti Tecnologici S.r.l., Italy). PCT Int. Appl. (2006),
11 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2006061705 A1
20060615 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO,
CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG,
KM, KN, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, LY, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO,
NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ,
VC, VN, YU, ZA. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IS, IT, LU, MC, NL,
PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent written in English. Application: WO
2005-IB3715 20051205. Priority: IT 2004-551 20041206. CAN 145:26950
AN 2006:558948
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2006061705
Kind
A1
Date
Application No.
Date
20060615
WO 2005-IB3715
20051205
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH,
CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD,
GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KM, KN, KP, KR, KZ,
LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, LY, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX,
MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE,
SG, SK, SL, SM, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN,
YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT,
LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI,
CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG, BW, GH, GM, KE,
LS, MW, MZ, NA, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ,
120
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 MD, RU, TJ, TM
Priority Application
IT 2004-MI551U
U
20041206
Abstract
A device for cleaning and sanitizing premises and equipment for food prodn. comprises: means for the generation of
ozone, means for mixing ozone with water, means for feeding pressurized water into said means for mixing, means of
dispersion for delivering pressurized ionized water, and means for opening and closing the connection of the means for
the generation of ozone with the means for mixing. The means for feeding water are adapted to supply high-pressure
water, the means for mixing are shaped so as to mix high-pressure water with ozone, and between the means for mixing
and the means of dispersion a conduit is provided, shaped so as to improve the absorption of ozone into the highpressure water. The ozone content is preferably 1-2 ppm and the water pressure is 60-70 bar.
Bibliographic Information
The effect of high pressure and temperature on the macroscopic, microscopic, structural, and molecular
properties of tapioca starch gels.
Vittadini, Elena; Carini, Eleonora; Barbanti, Davide. Dipartimento di Chimica
Ingegneria Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy. Editor(s): Buera, Maria del Pilar.
Water
Properties of Food, Pharmaceutical, and Biological Materials, [Papers presented at the International Symposium on the
Properties of Water in Foods (ISOPOW, 2004)], 9th, Mar del Plata, Argentina, Sept. 25-30, 2004 (2006), Meeting
Date 2004, 471-482. Publisher: CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, Fla CODEN: 69IEQ3 Conference; General Review
written in English. CAN 145:417249 AN 2006:556001 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. High pressure processing (HPP) is becoming a popular tool in food industry not only to reduce microbial
load but also to induce phys. changes in the constituents of food products. HPP was show to induce the formation of
tapioca starch gels with different physico-chem. properties from temp.-induced gels. These differences might result in a
different performance in starch-contg. food products.
Bibliographic Information
Effect of Industrial Processing on the Distribution of Aflatoxins and Zearalenone in Corn-Milling Fractions.
Brera, Carlo; Catano, Carla; de Santis, Barbara; Debegnach, Francesca; de Giacomo, Marzia; Pannunzi, Elena;
Miraglia, Marina.
GMO and Mycotoxins Unit, National Centre for Food Quality and Risk Assessment, Italian
National Institute of Health (ISS), Rome, Italy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2006), 54(14), 50145019. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: JAFCAU ISSN: 0021-8561. Journal written in English.
CAN 145:6918 AN 2006:550285 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of aflatoxins and zearalenone levels in various corn-milling
fractions. Corn kernels and 6 derived milling fractions (germ, bran, large and small grits, flour, and animal feed flour)
were sampled in an industrial plant; both conventional and org. corns were sampled. To evaluate the effect of cooking,
samples of polenta were prepd. starting from naturally contaminated flour. Conventional and org. lots showed
mycotoxin contamination. For both lots, germ, bran, and animal feed flour showed a marked concn. factor from 239 to
911% accounting for both the low yields of the derived products and the distribution of aflatoxins and zearalenone
contamination in the outer parts of the kernels. Conversely, a redn. factor of at least 4 times from raw material to
finished products was obsd. Polenta samples were unaffected by the cooking process, with levels of contamination
similar to those of starting flour.
Bibliographic Information
121
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Biodegradation of the fungicide iprodione by Zygosaccharomyces rouxii strain DBVPG 6399.
Zadra, Claudia;
Cardinali, Gianluigi; Corte, Laura; Fatichenti, Fabrizio; Marucchini, Cesare. Department of Plant Biology and Agroenvironmental and Animal Biotechnology, Section of Applied Microbiology, and Department of Agricultural and
Environmental Science, Section of Agricultural Chemistry, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.
Journal of
Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2006), 54(13), 4734-4739. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN:
JAFCAU ISSN: 0021-8561. Journal written in English.
CAN 145:183919
AN 2006:523219
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Iprodione is a contact fungicide used to control several pathogens such as Botrytis cinerea, Monilia, and Sclerotinia.
This paper reports the ability of an iprodione-resistant strain of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii to degrade iprodione at a
concn. of 1 mg L-1. The yeast Z. rouxii was chosen also for its ability to grow at high osmolarity. Also of note is that
in bioremediation situations and in the food industry such resistance could be important. The kinetic and metabolic
behaviors of the fungicide in the media are described. The results show a new transformation pathway of iprodione by
the yeast leading to the formation of N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-2,4-dioxoimidazoline,3-isopropylhydantoin, and 3,5dichloroaniline. These compds. were identified by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and GC-MS analyses. This study provides a
basis to employ yeast strains in biodegrdn. studies in relation to their ability in the disappearance and degrdn. of
xenobiotics into simpler mols.
Bibliographic Information
Assessment of agronomic, chemical and genetic variability in common basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).
De Masi,
Luigi; Siviero, Pietro; Esposito, Castrese; Castaldo, Domenico; Siano, Francesco; Laratta, Bruna.
Laboratorio
Tecnologie Biochimiche e Microbiologiche, Stazione Sperimentale per le Industrie delle Essenze e dei Derivati dagli
Agrumi (SSEA), Reggio Calabria, Italy.
European Food Research and Technology (2006), 223(2), 273-281.
Publisher: Springer GmbH, CODEN: EFRTFO ISSN: 1438-2377. Journal written in English. CAN 145:99666
AN 2006:464286 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In the present work, agro-morphol. characteristics, essential oil compn. and randomly amplified polymorphic DNA
(RAPD) markers were studied to est. the relationships among 12 basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) genotypes, belonging to
nine known cultivars grown in Italy. The basil cultivars were distinguished on the basis of agro-morphol. detns. and
constituents of essential oil. Chem. compds. of essential oils were found variable in the various basil cultivars. As a
consequence, the plants were classified into main phenotypes and chemotypes. RAPD markers were used in order to
assess the genetic relatedness among the basil cultivars. On the basis of their genetic similarities, RAPD anal. allowed
to group the samples into two main clusters. One of these included cultivars suitable for food industry, which were also
correlated via agro-morphol. features. However, the same cultivars produced distinct essential oil profiles, which did
not match with results obtained by agronomic and genetic anal. This fact, maybe, is due to a different genic expression
of the key enzymes involved in biosynthetic pathways that produce chem. compds.
Bibliographic Information
Environmental stress response in wine lactic acid bacteria: Beyond Bacillus subtilis.
Spano, G.; Massa, S.
Department of Food Science, Foggia University, Foggia, Italy. Critical Reviews in Microbiology (2006), 32(2),
77-86. Publisher: Taylor & Francis, Inc., CODEN: CRVMAC ISSN: 1040-841X. Journal; General Review written in
English. CAN 145:395667 AN 2006:445586 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) constitute a heterogeneous group of bacteria that are traditionally used to produce
fermented foods. The industrialization of food transformations has increased the economical importance of LAB, as
they play a crucial role in the development of the organoleptic and hygienic quality of fermented products. However,
122
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 the strains selected for industrial purposes, should tolerate adverse conditions encountered in industrial processes, either
during starter handling and storage (freeze-drying, freezing, or spray-drying) or during food processing in which abiotic
stresses such as heat, cold, acidity, and high concn. of NaCl or ethanol are common. Wine LAB have to deal with
several stresses including an acidic pH, a high alc. content, non optimal growth temps., and growth-inhibitory compds.
such as fatty acids and tannins, originated from yeast and bacteria metab. Wine LAB have developed several
mechanisms to escape or to tolerate wine conditions. They carry out a malolactic fermn. in this stressful environment.
In addn. to the regulation of the expression of specific genes, bacteria have evolved adaptive networks to face the
challenges of a changing environment and to survive under conditions of stress. The so called Global Regulatory
Systems control the simultaneous expression of a large no. of genes in response to a variety of environmental stress
factors. CIRCE sequences able to bind the HrcA repressor, B dependent promoters and CtsR regulatory elements
have been obsd. in several genes identified from wine LAB. Improved knowledge of regulators and a better
understanding of LAB stress responses could constitute a basis of comparison with the well known model
microorganisms, Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. Moreover, it can provide an important insight into improving
current industrial starter strains.
Bibliographic Information
Flavonoid Glycosides in Bergamot Juice (Citrus bergamia Risso).
Gattuso, Giuseppe; Caristi, Corrado;
Gargiulli, Claudia; Bellocco, Ersilia; Toscano, Giovanni; Leuzzi, Ugo. Universita di Messina, S. Agata di Messina,
Italy.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2006), 54(11), 3929-3935. Publisher: American Chemical
Society, CODEN: JAFCAU ISSN: 0021-8561. Journal written in English. CAN 145:82303 AN 2006:429532
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A comprehensive profile of flavonoids in bergamot juice was obtained by a single DAD-ESI-LC-MS-MS course. Eight
flavonoids were found for the 1st time, 5 of these are C-glucosides (lucenin-2, stellarin-2, isovitexin, scoparin, and
orientin 4'-Me ether), and 3 are O-glycosides (rhoifolin 4'-O-glucoside, chrysoeriol 7-O-neohesperidoside-4'-Oglucoside, and chrysoeriol 7-O-neohesperidoside). A method is proposed to differentiate chrysoeriol and diosmetin
derivs., which are often indistinguishable by LC-MS-MS. In-depth knowledge of the flavonoid content is the starting
point for bergamot juice exploitation in food industry applications.
Bibliographic Information
Cogeneration from poultry industry wastes: indirectly fired gas turbine application.
Bianchi, M.; Cherubini,
F.; De Pascale, A.; Peretto, A.; Elmegaard, B. DIEM, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Energy (Oxford,
United Kingdom) (2006), 31(10-11), 1417-1436. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd., CODEN: ENEYDS ISSN: 0360-5442.
Journal written in English.
CAN 146:166150
AN 2006:428170
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The availability of wet biomass as waste from a lot of industrial processes, from agriculture and farms and the need to
meet the environmental stds. force to investigate all options in order to dispose this waste. The possible treatments
usually strongly depend on biomass characteristics, namely water content, d., org. content, heating value, etc. In
particular, some of these wastes can be burnt in special plants, using them as energy supply for different processes. The
study carried out with this paper is concerned with the promising utilization of the org. wastes from an existing poultry
industry as fuel. Different plant configurations have been considered in order to make use of the oil and of the meat and
bone meal, which are the byproducts of the chicken cooking process. In particular, the process plant can be integrated
with an energy supply plant, which can consist of an indirectly fired gas turbine. Moreover, a steam turbine plant or a
simplified system for the supply of the only technol. steam are investigated and compared. Thermodn. and economic
anal. have been carried out for the examd. configurations in order to outline the basic differences in terms of energy
savings/prodn. and of return of the investments.
Bibliographic Information
123
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Laccases: Blue enzymes for green chemistry.
Riva, Sergio. Istituto di Chimica del Riconoscimento Molecolare,
C.N.R., Milan, Italy.
Trends in Biotechnology (2006), 24(5), 219-226. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN:
TRBIDM ISSN: 0167-7799. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 145:182734 AN 2006:403195
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Laccases are oxidoreductases belonging to the multinuclear Cu-contg. oxidases; they catalyze the
monoelectronic oxidn. of substrates at the expense of O2. Interest in these essentially 'eco-friendly' enzymes, which
work with air and produce water as the only byproduct, has grown significantly in recent years: their uses span from the
textile to the pulp and paper industries, and from food applications to bioremediation processes. Laccases also have
uses in org. synthesis, where their typical substrates are phenols and amines, and the reaction products are dimers and
oligomers derived from the coupling of reactive radical intermediates. Here, the authors provide a brief discussion of
this interesting group of enzymes, increased knowledge of which will promote laccase-based industrial processes in the
future.
Bibliographic Information
Bergamot essential oil extraction by pervaporation.
Figoli, A.; Donato, L.; Carnevale, R.; Tundis, R.; Statti, G.
A.; Menichini, F.; Drioli, E. Institute of Membrane Technology, Rende (Cs), Italy. Desalination (2006), 193(1-3),
160-165. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: DSLNAH ISSN: 0011-9164. Journal written in English.
CAN
145:126614 AN 2006:401496 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Bergamot peel oil is the most valuable essential oil due to its unique fragrance and freshness. The essence finds
application in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food industries. However, strong limitations have been imposed on its
use since bergamot oil contains several coumarins and psoralens which may be photoactive. Qual. and quant. analyses
with GC-MS were carried out to evaluate the aroma flavor bouquet of the bergamot essential oil obtained by
pervaporation (PV). In all PV expts., made at different ethanol feed concn. and temp., the bergapten was not detected in
the permeate while the aroma components, present in the feed, permeate through the com. Pervap 1070 membrane.
Bergapten is a photoactive component of bergamot essential oil which, in combination with UV radiation, promotes
melanogenesis and causes thickening of the stratum corneum. Therefore, PV is a valid alternative for the high quality
of essential oil produced without bergapten to the traditional techniques employed in which the bergapten can be
removed after an extra-chem. treatment.
Bibliographic Information
Container for the facilitated slicing of food products.
Brazzale, Tiziano. (Italy).
PCT Int. Appl. (2006),
CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2006032473 A1 20060330 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB,
BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM,
HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KM, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, LY, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN,
MW, MX, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, SY, TJ, TM, TN,
TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR,
GB, GR, IE, IS, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent
written in English. Application: WO 2005-EP10190 20050920. Priority: IT 2004-221 20040921. AN 2006:301698
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2006032473
Kind
A1
Date
Application No.
Date
20060330
WO 2005-EP10190
20050920
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH,
CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD,
124
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 EP 1802200
A1
Priority Application
IT 2004-VI221
WO 2005-EP10190
A
W
GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KM, KP, KR, KZ, LC,
LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, LY, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ,
NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK,
SL, SM, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU,
ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT,
LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI,
CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG, BW, GH, GM, KE,
LS, MW, MZ, NA, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ,
MD, RU, TJ, TM
20070704
EP 2005-787613
20050920
R: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT,
LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, BA, HR
20040921
20050920
Abstract
A container (10), which can be used in particular for the facilitated slicing of preformed food products (21), comprises
at least an outer shell, suitably shaped for the insertion of the preformed food product (21), and at least a buffer device
(18), inserted inside the shell, which acts as a support (20) for the bottom of the preformed food product (21) to be
sliced and which can be progressively moved in relation to a progressive reduction of the product (21), the container
(10) can be used, in particular, for the slicing of food products, such as raw ham, which are processed on an industrial
scale, in order to obtain a predefined form (usually parallelepiped) and thus allowing the regularity of the slice from the
beginning to the end of the product (21).
Bibliographic Information
Influence of two process variables on oxidative stability of extra-virgin olive oil obtained by different extraction
technologies.
Cerretani, Lorenzo; Bendini, Alessandra; Toschi, Tullia Gallina; Lercker, Giovanni; Rotondi,
Annalisa. Dip. Scienze degli Alimenti, Universita di Bologna, Cesena, Italy. Industrie Alimentari (Pinerolo, Italy)
(2006), 45(455), 133-140. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: INALBB ISSN: 0019-901X. Journal written in
Italian. CAN 145:26793 AN 2006:299412 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The performance of 2 extn. systems most commonly used in Italy for extra-virgin olive oil prodn. was compared. The
olive oil was obtained from Peranzana olive lots quarantined because of heavy infestation with the olive fly (Bactrocera
oleae). Traditional discontinuous and industrial continuous processes were used. The effects of olive crushing time (15
or 30 min) in the traditional method and the oil emulsion breaking temp. (25 and 35 C) in the industrial method were
evaluated. The main olive oil quality parameters (free acidity, peroxide no., UV spectrophotometric indexes, sensory
properties), qual. and quant. compn. of the phenolic fractions (total, o-diphenols) detd. by spectrophotometry and
HPLC-DAD/MSD, phenols antiradical power detd. by the DPPH assay, and resistance to forced oxidn. index
(Oxidative Stability Instrument, OSI time) were compared. The data showed that the use of the 2 technol. processes can
affect the commodity marketing and sensory quality of olive oils made from diseased olives.
Bibliographic Information
Exopolysaccharides production in Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Lactobacillus casei exploiting microfiltration.
Schiraldi, C.; Valli, V.; Molinaro, A.; Carteni, M.; Rosa, M.
Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
Journal of Industrial
Microbiology & Biotechnology (2006), 33(5), 384-390. Publisher: Springer, CODEN: JIMBFL ISSN: 1367-5435.
125
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Journal written in English.
SciFinder (R))
CAN 144:449407
AN 2006:271713
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
Abstract
The physiol. of Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus and Lactobacillus casei, extensively used in the dairy industry,
was studied in order to evaluate key parameters in the synthesis of exopolysaccharides and to improve their prodn.
through novel fermn. processes. Selected strains were studied in shake flasks and in fermentor expts. using glucose and
lactose as main carbon sources and bacto casitone as the only complex component, in a temp. range between 35 and
42 C. The prodn. of exopolysaccharides was monitored and correlated to the growth conditions using both a
colorimetric assay and chromatog. methods. Fermentor expts. in batch mode yielded 100 mg l-1 of EPS from L.
bulgaricus and 350 mg l-1 from L. casei. Moreover, the use of a microfiltration (MF) bioreactor resulted in
exopolysaccharides (EPS) concns. threefold and sixfold those of batch expts., resp. The monosaccharidic compn. of the
two analyzed polymers differed from those previously reported. The optimization of the prodn. of EPSs using the MF
fermn. strategy could permit the use of these mols. produced by generally recognized as safe (GRAS) microorganisms
in the place of other polysaccharides in the food industry.
Bibliographic Information
Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of agricultural and food processing wastes and byproducts.
Perretti,
Giuseppe. Department of Economic and Food Science, Section of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University
of Perugia, Perugia, Italy. ACS Symposium Series (2006), 926(Modern Extraction Techniques), 23-35. Publisher:
American Chemical Society, CODEN: ACSMC8 ISSN: 0097-6156. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 144:211277 AN 2006:163371 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The agricultural processing industry generates a large variety of byproducts and wastes ranging from manure
to packing residuals. Researchers are working to develop new technologies and new uses for these materials in order to
reduce environmental costs of the agricultural processing industry. New processes are developed to recover
components producing value added products, such as novel foods, food ingredients, bioactive mols. for cosmetic or
pharmaceutical industry. Supercrit. carbon dioxide was tested for the extn. of lipids and lipophilic components, where
this technol. has advantages over conventional solvents. For example, high extn. rates are achieved at lower temps.,
preserving many of the thermolabile extd. components. In this chapter, the compn. of byproducts and wastes, and extn.
of useful components is discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Antioxidant capacity of dry vegetal extracts checked by voltammetric method.
Campanella, Luigi; Martini,
Elisabetta; Rita, Guido; Tomassetti, Mauro. Department of Chemistry, University of Rome 'La Sapienza', Rome,
Italy.
Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment (2006), 4(1), 135-144. Publisher: World Food RD Ltd.,
CODEN: JFAEAC ISSN: 1459-0255. Journal written in English. CAN 145:291581 AN 2006:150866 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In the present research some of the vegetal matrixes that are more common and more frequently described in the
literature for their high antioxidant activity, such as green tea, black tea, rosemary and coffee, were selected and
analyzed to test the total antioxidant capacity of resp. dry exts. In addn. to these products, which are well known and
extensively investigated, it was deemed of interest to test acerola and acai, i.e. "new" food products from the Brazilian
Amazon forest, which have only recently become the focus of interest for food and drug industries. Also analyzed were
two herb teas consisting of a mixt. of natural antioxidants called "Herb Tea" and "Quality Tea". Methanol, acetone and
aq. dry exts. were prepd. from each of these vegetal matrixes, using for extn. solvents considered to be complementary
in processes for the extn. of antioxidant substances present in the vegetal matrixes. For the three exts. obtained from
each matrix the antioxidant capacity was detd. using a new electrochem. method based on the measurement of the
126
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 anodic area of a cyclic voltammogram.
Bibliographic Information
Sol-gel coating of stainless steel with titanium dioxide-containing phosphate glassy films with good adhesion.
Costa, Fulvio; Gini, Lucia; Giardino, Vincenzo; Costa, Lorenzo. (Novara Technology S.r.l., Italy). PCT Int. Appl.
(2006), 21 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2006002648 A1 20060112 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT,
AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB,
GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG,
MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SY, TJ, TM, TN,
TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI,
FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR. Patent written in English.
Application: WO 2004-EP6869
20040625. Priority: . CAN 144:112560 AN 2006:29418 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2006002648
Kind
A1
EP 1761470
A1
JP 2008503429
US 20070141359
KR 2007032711
T
A1
A
Priority Application
WO 2004-EP6869
W
Date
Application No.
Date
20060112
WO 2004-EP6869
20040625
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH,
CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD,
GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK,
LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NI,
NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SY, TJ,
TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LU,
MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
20070314
EP 2004-763024
20040625
R: AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI,
LU, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
20080207
JP 2007-516979
20040625
20070621
US 2006-629774
20061215
20070322
KR 2006-727030
20061222
20040625
Abstract
The present invention relates to glassy inorg. films, characterized by a high chem. stability and a high adhesion, contg.,
among the others, titanium dioxide, employable to coat metal surfaces characterized by the presence of oxides,
particularly stainless steel sheets. The coated structures obtained thereby, which are the second object of the present
invention, are used to build many articles such as pipes, reactors, exchangers, containers, and so on. With ref. to the
peculiar case of stainless steel structures coated by the above film, these ones can be used in the food industry since that
film coated article shows specific and very high photobactericide properties.
Bibliographic Information
Biosensor for food quality assessment.
Del Carlo, Michele; Nistor, Mihaela; Campagnone, Dario; Mattiasson, Bo;
Csoregi, Elisabeth. Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti Universita di Teramo, Teramo, Italy. Food Science and
Technology (Boca Raton, FL, United States) (2006), 148(Food Biotechnology (2nd Edition)), 1567-1604. Publisher:
CRC Press LLC, CODEN: FSTEEM ISSN: 0891-8961. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN
144:310744 AN 2005:1205938 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
127
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 A review on the development and application areas of biosensors in the food industry, their current status, and future
possibilities.
Bibliographic Information
Standardization or tailorization of veterinary vaccines: a conscious endeavour against infectious disease of
animals.
Tollis Maria Dipartimento di Sanita Alimentare ed Animale, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina
Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy. [email protected]
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita (2006), 42(4), 446-9.
Journal code: 7502520. ISSN:0021-2571. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW)
written in English. PubMed ID 17361069 AN 2007235216 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library
of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Protecting animals from infection is a major obligation of every veterinarian's work in order to preserve animal welfare
while assuring human health. Highly infectious animal diseases can reduce the performances of food producing
animals and may have a great economical impact on many industries. Some animal diseases can be transmitted to
humans, and control of these types of diseases, is beneficial to public health. In the wild, animal populations reduced
by disease can dramatically affect the ecological balance of an area. Vaccination is one part of an effective health
program as it helps to prevent disease and, in most cases, is more cost-effective than treating sick animals.
Veterinarians have succeeded in greatly reducing the incidence of important diseases by taking advantage from
improved technologies in vaccines production and by planning vaccination schedules based on the different
characteristics of available products. Today, veterinarians can recommend and plan to use vaccines designed for a
specific herd or flock or class of animals and even for individual treatments.
Bibliographic Information
Regional and international approaches on prevention and control of animal transboundary and emerging
diseases.
Domenech J; Lubroth J; Eddi C; Martin V; Roger F
FAO, Rome, Italy. [email protected]
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (2006), 1081 90-107. Journal code: 7506858. ISSN:0077-8923.
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 17135498 AN
2007183739 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Transboundary animal diseases pose a serious risk to the world animal agriculture and food security and jeopardize
international trade. The world has been facing devastating economic losses from major outbreaks of transboundary
animal diseases (TADs) such as foot-and-mouth disease, classical swine fever, rinderpest, peste des petits ruminants
(PPR), and Rift Valley fever. Lately the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) due to H5N1 virus, has become an
international crisis as all regions around the world can be considered at risk. In the past decades, public health
authorities within industrialized countries have been faced with an increasing number of food safety issues. The
situation is equally serious in developing countries. The globalization of food (and feed) trade, facilitated by the
liberalization of world trade, while offering many benefits and opportunities, also represents new risks. The GF-TADs
Global Secretariat has carried out several regional consultations for the identification of priority diseases and best ways
for their administration, prevention and control. In the questionnaires carried out and through the consultative process,
it was noted that globally, FMD was ranked as the first and foremost priority. Rift Valley fever, and today highly
pathogenic avian influenza, are defined as major animal diseases which also affect human health. PPR and CBPP, a
disease which is particularly serious in Africa and finally, African swine fever (ASF) and classical swine fever (CSF)
are also regionally recognised as top priorities on which the Framework is determined to work. The FAO philosophy-shared by the OIE--embraces the need to prevent and control TADs and emerging diseases at their source, which is
most of the time in developing countries.
Regional and international approaches have to be followed, and the FAO and OIE GF-TADs initiative provides the
appropriate concepts and objectives as well as an organizational framework to link international and regional
organizations at the service of their countries to better prevent and control the risks on animal and human health and the
128
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 economic impact of TADs and emerging animal diseases.
Bibliographic Information
Olive mill wastewater treatment: an experimental study.
Bettazzi E; Morelli M; Caffaz S; Caretti C; Azzari E;
Lubello C Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Universita di Firenze, Via Santa Marta 3, 50139 Firenze, Italy
Water
science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research (2006), 54(8), 17-25.
Journal code: 9879497. ISSN:0273-1223. (COMPARATIVE STUDY); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE)
written in English. PubMed ID 17163009 AN 2006725242 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library
of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Olive oil production, one of the main agro-industries in Mediterranean countries, generates significant amounts of olive
mill wastewaters (OMWs), which represent a serious environmental problem, because of their high organic load, the
acidic pH and the presence of recalcitrant and toxic substances such as phenolic and lipidic compounds (up to several
grams per litre). In Italy, traditional disposal on the soil is the most common way to discharge OMWs. This work is
aimed at investigating the efficiency and feasibility of AOPs and biological processes for OMW treatment. Trials have
been carried out on wastewaters taken from one of the largest three-phase mills of Italy, located in Quarrata (Tuscany),
as well as on synthetic solutions. Ozone and Fenton's reagents applied both on OMWs and on phenolic synthetic
solutions guaranteed polyphenol removal efficiency up to 95%. Aerobic biological treatment was performed in a batch
reactor filled with raw OMWs (pH = 4.5, T = 30 degrees C) without biomass inoculum. A biomass rich of fungi,
developed after about 30 days, was able to biodegrade phenolic compounds reaching a removal efficiency of 70%.
Pretreatment of OMWs by means of oxidation increased their biological treatability.
Bibliographic Information
CcpA affects expression of the groESL and dnaK operons in Lactobacillus plantarum.
Castaldo Cristiana;
Siciliano Rosa A; Muscariello Lidia; Marasco Rosangela; Sacco Margherita
Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali,
Seconda Universita di Napoli, Caserta, Italy. [email protected] Microbial cell factories (2006), 5 35.
Journal code: 101139812. E-ISSN:1475-2859. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed
ID 17129387 AN 2006700967 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are widely used in food industry and their growth performance is
important for the quality of the fermented product. During industrial processes changes in temperature may represent
an environmental stress to be overcome by starters and non-starters LAB. Studies on adaptation to heat shock have
shown the involvement of the chaperon system-proteins in various gram-positive bacteria. The corresponding operons,
namely the dnaK and groESL operons, are controlled by a negative mechanism involving the HrcA repressor protein
binding to the cis acting element CIRCE. RESULTS: We studied adaptation to heat shock in the lactic acid bacterium
Lactobacillus plantarum. The LM3-2 strain, carrying a null mutation in the ccpA gene, encoding the catabolite control
protein A (CcpA), showed a lower percent of survival to high temperature with respect to the LM3 wild type strain.
Among proteins differentially expressed in the two strains, the GroES chaperon was more abundant in the wild type
strain compared to the mutant strain under standard growth conditions. Transcriptional studies showed that class I heat
shock operons were differentially expressed upon heat shock in both strains. Indeed, the dnaK and groESL operons
were induced about two times more in the LM3 strain compared to the LM3-2 strain. Analysis of the regulatory region
of the two operons showed the presence of cre sequences, putative binding sites for the CcpA protein. CONCLUSION:
The L. plantarum dnaK and groESL operons are characterized by the presence of the cis acting sequence CIRCE in the
promoter region, suggesting a negative regulation by the HrcA/CIRCE system, which is a common type of control
among the class I heat shock operons of gram-positive bacteria. We found an additional system of regulation, based on
a positive control exerted by the CcpA protein, which would interact with cre sequences present in the regulatory region
of the dnaK and groESL operons.
The absence of the CcpA protein results in a lower induction of the chaperon coding operons, with a consequent lower
percent of survival of the LM3-2 mutant strain population with respect to the wild type when challenged with a heat
129
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 insult.
Bibliographic Information
Staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcal enterotoxin A in breaded chicken products: detection and behavior
during the cooking process. Pepe Olimpia; Blaiotta Giuseppe; Bucci Francesca; Anastasio Marilena; Aponte Maria;
Villani Francesco
Dipartimento di Scienza degli Alimenti, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, I-80055
Portici, Italy. [email protected] Applied and environmental microbiology (2006), 72(11), 7057-62. Journal code:
7605801. ISSN:0099-2240. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T)
written in English. PubMed ID 17088378 AN 2006654164 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library
of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In this study we examined the presence of Staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) in 20
industrial breaded chicken products obtained from different retail butchers and supermarket stores in Italy. The levels
of contamination in the products analyzed were quite low, although the pH values and water activities (a(w)) in the
samples considered were in ranges favorable for S. aureus growth. As demonstrated by phenotypic and molecular
characterization, in spite of the high percentage of coagulase-positive Staphylococcus strains, only three strains could be
referred to the species S. aureus. Moreover, all the strains were negative in PCR assays targeting staphylococcal
enterotoxin genes (seA to seE, seG to seJ, and seM to seO), as well as the toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 gene, and no
SEA was detected in the retail breaded chicken samples analyzed by a reversed passive latex agglutination assay or by
Western blotting. Hence, we evaluated the thermal resistance of two strains of SEA-producing S. aureus in a
laboratory-scale preparation of precooked breaded chicken cutlets. The heat treatment employed in the manufacture
determined the inactivation of S. aureus cells, but the preformed SEA remained active during product storage at 4
degrees C. The presence of the staphylococci and, in particular, of S. aureus in the retail breaded chicken products
analyzed is a potential health risk for consumers since the pH and a(w) values of these kinds of products are favorable
for S. aureus growth. The thermal process used during their manufacture can limit staphylococcal contamination but
cannot eliminate preformed toxins.
Bibliographic Information
POEMS: a case study of an Italian wine-producing firm.
Ardente Fulvio; Beccali Giorgio; Cellura Maurizio;
Marvuglia Antonino
Dipartimento di Ricerche Energetiche ed AMbientali (DREAM), Universita degli Studi di
Palermo, Italy
Environmental management (2006), 38(3), 350-64. Journal code: 7703893. ISSN:0364-152X.
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 16845555 AN 2006449545 MEDLINE
(Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Over the last decade, researchers paid much attention to concepts such as Design for Environment, Extended Producer
Responsibility, Responsible Chain Management, and Eco-design. Many management tools and standards (such as
EMAS, ISO 14001, LCA, EPD, Ecolabel) have been developed to support companies in the evaluation and
management of their environmental performance and to pursue continual environmental improvement. The more recent
development of the aforesaid fields looks at interorganizational environmental management. Such an approach can
complement the more traditional intraorganizational corporate environmental management approaches and tools. A
typical example of this new trend is the Product Oriented Environmental Management System (POEMS), which
represents the natural evolution of the above-mentioned tools, combining the features of EMS, EPD and Ecolabel.
Although the structure of the POEMS is still not standardized, many experimental applications have yet been carried
out in Europe. In developing a POEMS, a company needs to determine all of the environmental impacts caused at all
life-cycle stages of the product and, ideally, to reduce all of them through a continual commitment. The aim of the
present study was to perform a survey of the developed POEMS models and to analyze their peculiarities and
drawbacks in the application to Small and Medium Enterprises. A case study regarding an Italian winery company is
presented. The study analyzes the structure and the activities of the examined firm, in order to estimate direct and
indirect environmental impacts following a life-cycle approach. The chosen functional unit is a 0.75-L bottle of red
130
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 wine. The article also suggests some solutions to improve the environmental performances of the firm's products.
Bibliographic Information
Survival of Listeria monocytogenes in uncooked Italian dry sausage (salami).
Gianfranceschi M; Gattuso A;
Fiore A; D'Ottavio M C; Casale M; Palumbo A; Aureli P National Center for Food Quality and Risks Assessment,
Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
Journal of food protection (2006), 69(7),
1533-8. Journal code: 7703944. ISSN:0362-028X. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 16865882 AN 2006442784
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This study was undertaken to supplement existing information on the survival of Listeria monocytogenes in Italian
salami. The fact that Italian salami is frequently consumed by a large number of people poses some serious health
implications. Some raw materials have been found to be microbiologically contaminated, for their production occurs
without any thermic treatment, and these are in circulation throughout Italy all year round. We selected the product for
its microbiological, technological, and commercial characteristics. We analyzed 1,020 samples taken during the
autumn and winter 2002 and spring and summer 2003 periods and immediately before selling. The samples were
collected from 17 plants with an annual production of between 1 and 2000 metric tons and with a distribution of
products in over 80% of Italy in geographic terms. To detect and enumerate L. monocytogenes, we followed
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 11290 part 1 and 2: 1996 (modified using chromogenic medium
Agar Listeria according to Ottarviani and Agosti [ALOA]). L. monocytogenes was found in 22.7% of samples, but the
contamination level was less than 10 CFU/g. Contamination prevalence ranged from 1.6 to 58.3% and was lower than
10% in 5 of the 17 plants checked. The most frequently isolated serotypes were 1/2c, 1/2a, 1/2b, and 4b. Additional
studies are necessary to establish if the exposure to a small number of L. monocytogenes cells through the consumption
of salami represents a significant health risk and, in light of the future introduction of the SANCO/4198/2001 revision
21 "Commission Regulation on Microbiological Criteria for Foodstuffs," is a necessary investigation.
Bibliographic Information
Olive-mill wastewaters: a promising substrate for microbial lipase production.
D'Annibale Alessandro;
Sermanni Giovanni Giovannozzi; Federici Federico; Petruccioli Maurizio
Dipartimento di Agrobiologia e
Agrochimica, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy
Bioresource technology (2006), 97(15), 1828-33. Journal code:
9889523. ISSN:0960-8524. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T)
written in English. PubMed ID 16236495 AN 2006380685 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library
of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The present study investigated the valorization of olive-mill wastewater (OMW) by its use as a possible growth medium
for the microbial production of extra-cellular lipase. To this end, strains of Geotrichum candidum (NRRL Y-552 and
Y-553), Rhizopus arrhizus (NRRL 2286 and ISRIM 383), Rhizopus oryzae (NRRL 6431), Aspergillus oryzae (NRRL
1988 and 495), Aspergillus niger (NRRL 334), Candida cylindracea (NRRL Y-17506) and Penicillium citrinum (NRRL
1841 and 3754, ISRIM 118) were screened. All strains were able to grow on the undiluted OMW, producing extracellular lipase activity. C. cylindracea NRRL Y-17506 showed the highest lipase activity on all the typologies of OMW
used. Its lipase production on OMW was markedly affected by the type of nitrogen source and was induced by the
addition of olive oil. The highest activity (9.23 IU ml(-1)) of the yeast was obtained on OMW supplemented with
NH(4)Cl (2.4 g l(-1)) and olive oil (3.0 g l(-1)).
Bibliographic Information
Mass spectrometry in the analysis of grape and wine proteins.
Flamini Riccardo; De Rosso Mirko Quality
Control of Wine at the Agricultural Faculty of Padua University, Italy. [email protected] Expert review of
proteomics (2006), 3(3), 321-31. Journal code: 101223548. E-ISSN:1744-8387. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
131
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 16771704 AN 2006358064
(Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
MEDLINE
Abstract
Wine proteins play an important role in the quality of wine, because they affect taste, clarity and stability of product.
The majority of wine proteins are in the range of 20-30 kDa. Different mass spectrometry (MS) techniques have been
successfully applied to study the grape and wine proteins. By liquid chromatography (LC) electrospray ionization (ESI)
MS and nano-LC/MS, nine dipeptides and 80 peptides were unambiguously identified in Champagne and Sauvignon
Blanc wines, respectively. Using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight (TOF) and
surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization TOF, the protein and peptide fingerprints in Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc
and Muscat of Alexandria wines were determined. MALDI-TOF identified the mesocarp proteome of six Vitis grape
varieties. Proteins in different grape tissue extracts were also studied. The major grape pathogenic-related proteins are
chitinases and thaumatin-like proteins, which both persist through the vinification process and cause hazes and
sediments in bottled wines. ESI-MS, LC/ESI-MS and MALDI-TOF analysis of these proteins in grape and wine were
also used to characterize different grape varieties.
Bibliographic Information
Listeriosis associated with gorgonzola (Italian blue-veined cheese).
Gianfranceschi M; D'Ottavio M C; Gattuso
A; Pourshaban M; Bertoletti I; Bignazzi R; Manzoni P; Marchetti M; Aureli P Istituto Superiore di Sanita, National
Center for Food Quality and Risk Assessment, Rome, Italy. [email protected] Foodborne pathogens and
disease (2006), 3(2), 190-5. Journal code: 101120121. ISSN:1535-3141. (CASE REPORTS); Journal; Article;
(JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 16761945 AN 2006349100 MEDLINE (Copyright (C)
2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
We describe a case of listeriosis in Italy associated with the consumption of cheese. Opened samples of two brands of
gorgonzola (Italian blue-veined cheese; referred to as brands "B" and "C") were collected from the patient's refrigerator.
Unopened samples of the brand suspected to be the source of infection (brand B) were taken from the store where the
cheese had been purchased, other local stores, and the production plant. Listeria monocytogenes serotype 1/2b was
isolated from the patient and from the opened and unopened cheese samples. The contamination level varied from <100
to 1,200 cfu g(-1). Molecular typing of the isolates, using both randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and
pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), demonstrated that the isolates from the patient's refrigerator, food stores, and
production-plant samples were indistinguishable from the clinical isolate. Molecular typing verified the peristence of
closely related L. monocytogenes isolates in the production plant B for 5 months. The results stress the importance of
developing a code of hygienic practice for preventing, limiting, and where possible, eliminating this pathogen in
processed foods and of educating at-risk persons on foods likely to be contaminated.
Bibliographic Information
Social, economic and policy issues in the long-term control of HPAI.
McLeod A; Guerne-Bleich E Animal
Production and Health Division (AGA), FAO, Rome, Italy. [email protected]
Developments in biologicals
(2006), 124 171-6. Journal code: 100940058. ISSN:1424-6074. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in
English.
PubMed ID 16447509 AN 2006063319
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of
Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Prevention and control of HPAI in Asia is a long term problem with important economic and policy consequences. The
macro level impact of a single national outbreak is greatest for an exporting country, ranging in 2003-5 from dollars 65
million to over dollars 400 million. No estimates are available for the impact of market disruption if endemic disease
changes the pattern of regional and international trade. In countries with minimal exports, the total financial impact
may be much smaller, but there can be serious losses to vulnerable sectors of society at several stages of the market
132
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 chain. The economies of the region are growing and some countries could finance recurrent costs of AI control, but
substantial investment in veterinary services is required. National and regional financing structures need to be
reviewed. AI control strategies should include a broad financial support system that addresses education, credit,
compensation and social relief programmes. Some strategies may result in restructuring of the industry, or affect the
wider development of rural areas and local food security.
58 references were found when refined by Publication Year "2005"
Bibliographic Information
Conventional and innovative breeding for the improvement of industrial crops. The research performed at
Experimental Institute for Industrial Crops (Italy).
Ranalli, Paolo. CRA-Istituto Sperimentale per le Colture
Industriali, Bologna, Italy. Current Topics in Genetics (2005), 1 73-86. Publisher: Research Trends, CODEN:
CTGUA9 ISSN: 0972-8236. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 148:233878 AN 2007:1091877
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. In Italy, research on industrial crops is focused in particular on food e non-food species. Scientific programs
are based on an integrated and multidisciplinary approach including crop physiol., advanced plant breeding methods
and crop management. Sugar beet research developed new genotypes with resistance to the most aggressive pathogens
(cercospora and rhizomania) and with improved yield. The selected materials led to new hybrids which after validation
have been released. Beside, mol. studies have been carried out to elucidate the reaction of sugar beet to sub-optimal
environments. In potato varieties have been developed able to be utilized in extra-seasonal crops performed by the
Southern growers; this new material has been generated by breeding programs aimed at developing desirable clones for
the Mediterranean cultivation regions. In grain legumes, common bean is one of the best known species in Italy with
the most extensive tradition of cultivation. Lastly, there have been considerable advances in breeding work; a range of
varieties with different merceol. characteristics and able to meet the needs of the freezing industry and consumers have
been developed. Among the non-food species, hemp is a multi-use crop able to provide fiber, cellulose, seeds and seed
oil, cannabinoids and biomass; research was focused on the improvement of fiber prodn., specific cannabinoid profiles
and the plant reaction to day length. The released varieties of above mentioned industrial crops, some of which
included in recommendation lists, provided farmers with new opportunities.
Bibliographic Information
Multiple chemical sensitivity as a result of exposure to heterogeneous air pollutants.
Latini, G.; Passerini, G.;
Grifoni, R. Cocci; Mariani, M. M. Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Italy. WIT
Transactions on Ecology and the Environment (2005), 85(Environmental Exposure and Health), 65-74. Publisher:
WIT Press, CODEN: WTEEAZ ISSN: 1746-448X. Journal written in English.
CAN 146:342821
AN
2006:1335786 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
To understand the relationship between health and the environment, we must study a series of events that might begin
with the release of pollutants into the environment and might end with the development of disease in an individual, or a
population. Noticeably, many studies have demonstrated an assocn. between environmental exposure and certain
diseases or health problems. Amongst all pollutants, Cadmium, Mercury, Arsenic, Nickel and Lead are emitted from
several industrial processes, energy prodn. processes and most vehicles. Methyl-Mercury is a poisonous industrial
deriv. of Mercury, enters the food chain and is toxic to the nervous system. Cadmium, Arsenic, Nickel and Lead are
considered carcinogenic. Lead also causes digestive problems and damage to the nervous systems, esp. in children.
Assessing the relationship between exposure to air pollutants and disease is complicated by the problem of multiple
exposures to multiple pollutants. In fact, a controversial condition, known as Multiple Chem. Sensitivity (MCS), is
thought to arise only through the combined effects of a no. of chems. in concns. that might not be harmful on their own.
133
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 In this first Italian pilot study, sufficiently large population groups have been considered to evaluate levels of toxic trace
metals stored in the body by means of a hair anal. technique. For a majority of toxic trace metals the hair anal.
technique has proved to be a well-suited biol. marker of environmental exposure of general population to such toxic
metals. The results suggest that there is an explicit correlation between exposure to air pollutants and high levels of
toxic metals in the body with consequent development of diseases.
Bibliographic Information
Flavours and fragrances by biocatalytic routes.
Brenna, Elisabetta. Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali, ed
Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.
Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech (2005), 16(5), 18-20.
Publisher: Tekno Scienze srl, CODEN: AIHTEI ISSN: 1722-6996. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 145:395709 AN 2006:659392 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. This overview describes how biocatalysis can be applied in the field of flavors and fragrances, to satisfy the
increasing market request for natural products, and to investigate the odor properties of the single enantiomers of
common odorants. At the end of XIX century the achievements of org. chem. made available the key components of
natural products on large scale by synthetic routes. The industrial prodn. (1) of nature identical coumarin,
benzaldehyde, vanillin, and cinnamaldehyde (Figure 1) promoted the diffusion of these aroma compds. in the field of
flavors for food applications and of fragrances for fine and functional perfumery. In 1882, for example, synthetic
coumarin was used by Houbigant to perfume the soap "Fougere Royale". The combination of synthetic vanillin and
coumarin was employed by Guerlain in 1889 to produce the sweet oriental note in "Jicky". Vanillin is one of the most
important flavor compds. From the annual consumption of the world market, which is about 10,000 tons, only about
0.2 percent originates from botanical sources, mainly from the alc. exts. of cured vanilla pods. The main portion is
produced by chem. synthesis from guaiacol and lignin. Org. synthesis made nature identical flavors available at a cheap
price and contributed to the creation of new odorous mols. more suitable for perfumery applications. Nowadays,
changes in lifestyle are dictating consumer demand for new flavors and fragrances. In this paper we are now going to
show how biocatalysis can meet satisfactorily the current market requirements in this field. Recent works on the same
topic are reported in ref. 2-5.
Bibliographic Information
Birth, life and death of gas bubbles rising in a stagnant liquid.
Di Marco, Paolo. LOTHAR, Dipartimento di
Energetica "L. Poggi s, Universita di Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Heat and Technology (Pisa, Italy) (2005), 23(2), 17-26.
Publisher: Edizioni ETS, CODEN: HETEEE ISSN: 0392-8764. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN
144:414871 AN 2006:331648 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review of isolated bubbles and some aspects of bubble-bubble interaction. A state of the art is reported about the
behavior of gas bubbles originating and rising in a pool of liq., including the researches carried out at LOTHAR, with
several cooperations. The study has interest not only per se, but it is mainly intended to open the way to the
comprehension of more complex boiling phenomena, in which bubble dynamics plays a determinant role. Exptl. and
theor. works on this topic are also useful for the optimization of a wide class of industrial processes (including food
processing ones) which involve mass and thermal exchange in bubbly flows. The entire "life" of a bubble is considered,
starting from its "birth" with injection of gas in the fluid from an orifice (a simpler condition than nucleation in boiling)
through its rising in the fluid up to the "death" at the liq. upper interface, which may generate foams or secondary
droplets. The current state of the art of modeling in each of the three aspects is reported.
Bibliographic Information
Plant latex lipases: physiological role and applications.
Palocci, Cleofe; Fiorillo, Fulvio; Belsito, Carmela;
Cernia, Enrico; Pasqua, Gabriella.
Department of Chemistry, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy.
Recent Research Developments in Biochemistry (2005), 6 87-99. Publisher: Research Signpost, CODEN: RRDBAK
134
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Journal; General Review written in English.
ACS on SciFinder (R))
CAN 145:265251
AN 2006:233624
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
Abstract
A review. Lipases are natural catalysts widely employed to structure various lipids, fats and oils in the cosmetic,
pharmaceutical and food industries. Despite their high potential in lipid biotechnol., current application of microbial
lipases has been limited owing to high costs and limited availability. During the last two decades, research efforts have
been directed towards the identification of low cost and GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe) lipases sources. Plant
lipases from species with oil seeds have been widely studied, though their application has turned out to be
disappointing, due to low activity and transient expression during seed germination. In the early nineties, research into
in non seed tissues showed high lipolytic activity in the latex of some species of Caricaceae, Euphorbiaceae and
Asclepiadaceae. At the moment, crude dried latex from Carica papaya is the most studied biocatalyst in lipid synthesis
and modification, but little is known about the physiol. role of C. papaya lipase or the applications of other latex lipases.
In this paper we report more than ten years of research into the characterization of plant-latex lipases roles and
applications.
Bibliographic Information
Saving energy in cold towers by splitting the feed.
Soave, Giorgio; Gamba, Simone; Pellegrini, Laura Annamaria.
Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering "G. Natta", Politecnico of Milan, Milan, Italy.
World Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th, Glasgow, United Kingdom, July 10-14, 2005 (2005),
85638/185638/9. Publisher: Institution of Chemical Engineers, Rugby, UK CODEN: 69HUFZ Conference; Computer Optical
Disk written in English. CAN 145:421346 AN 2006:225554 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
Distn. is the most commonly used operation in the chem. industry for the sepn. of mixts. of chem. compds., and
accounts for about 13% of the total energy consumption in the entire sector. Methods for improving the energy
efficiency of distn. often involve reducing the reboiler heat demand, as it represents the major energy requirement. A
promising alternative is to use cold towers, i.e., those having low temps. in the condenser for which the main objective
is redn. of the condenser heat duty, the main source of operating costs. In a cold tower, if the enthalpy of the feed is
decreased by pre-cooling it by heat exchange with the distillate, the final result is a decrease in the condenser duty, but
lower than the heat transferred from the feed to the distillate. This mechanism was applied to a demethanizer tower
where the feed is composed of 90% methane and 10% ethane. A case study demonstrated how an industrial distn.
tower can be improved by splitting the feed. When the feed splitting theory is applied to the demethanizer column, both
condenser duty (main effect) and reboiler duty decrease under the same operating conditions (pressure, no. of theor.
stages of the column, flowrate and compn., i.e., temp., of distillate and bottom streams). When applied to an existing
plant, this theory requires only the introduction of a bypass to the pre-cooler and the changes of the feed trays, with low
fixed costs. Thus, application of the feed splitting theory reduces operating costs while entailing only negligible
investment.
Bibliographic Information
Preservation of natural properties of food by high pressure CO2 pasteurization.
Parton, Tiziana; Elvassore,
Nicola; Bertucco, Alberto; De Sanctis, Sergio; Grimolizzi, Luana. Dipartimento di Principi e Impianti di Ingegneria
Chimica, Universita di Padova, Padua, Italy.
World Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th, Glasgow, United
Kingdom, July 10-14, 2005 (2005),
84236/1-84236/14. Publisher: Institution of Chemical Engineers, Rugby, UK
CODEN: 69HUFZ Conference; Computer Optical Disk written in English. CAN 145:291435 AN 2006:225488
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Traditionally, heat processes have been used to ensure the safety of food against pathogenic and spoilage
135
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 microorganisms, and enzymic activity. However, thermal energy inevitably leads to destruction of heat-sensitive
nutrients, texture, color and flavor. Moreover, the enzymes activity may not completely interrupted by classical heating
processes. High pressure CO2 treatment could be an alternative to the heating for food preservation. The mild
conditions of temp., pressure and contact time can allow the maintenance of fresh product characteristics destroying
microbial contaminants, and inactivating endogenous enzymes. Preliminary studies are-required on CO2-substrate
interactions, particularly for detn. of inactivation kinetics of microorganisms and possible phys.-chem. changes in
foodstuffs. In this work, inactivation kinetics in food by high pressure CO2 technol. is detd. Exptl. batch runs were
performed to det. the redn. of viability of bacteria, yeasts and molds in natural and inoculated food using a special
multi-batch reactor app. Results are presented for tomato sauce and grape must. The pumpable liq. food is then treated
in a continuous plant for pasteurization under high pressure CO2. Continuous process development represents an
important step forward for high pressure CO2 technol. implementation in the industry of food pasteurization.
Bibliographic Information
Alkane-fluoroalkane interactions in polymeric solutions.
De Angelis, M. G.; Sarti, G. C.; Doghieri, F.; Freeman,
B. D.
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Mineraria e delle Technologie Ambientali, Universita di Bologna,
Bologna, Italy. World Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th, Glasgow, United Kingdom, July 10-14, 2005 (2005),
83577/1-83577/10. Publisher: Institution of Chemical Engineers, Rugby, UK CODEN: 69HUFZ Conference;
Computer Optical Disk written in English. CAN 145:471929 AN 2006:224492 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The low soly. of mixts. formed by hydrocarbon and fluorocarbon compds. is generally overestimated by the most
common equations of state when the usual, "geometric mean", mixing rule is used for estg. the interactions between
hydrocarbon and fluorocarbon mols. Various studies, which focus on mixts. formed by low mol. wt. compds., have
shown that the actual value for the energetic interactions between hydrocarbon and fluorocarbon mols. is about 10%
lower than the geometric mean of the binary interactions between mols. of the same species, whatever model is used for
the prediction of soly. In this work, we analyze the case of hydrocarbon-fluorocarbon interactions in polymeric solns.,
and in particular of those mixts. formed by gases in polymers, which are of interest in many applications of the food,
process, and pharmaceutical industry. We will restrict the anal. to mixts. formed by C2H6 and C2F6 in a rubbery,
hydrocarbon-based polymer such as Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), and in a perfluoroelastomer, copolymer of
tetrafluoroethylene (51%mol) and perfluoromethylvinylether (49%mol) (TFE/PMVE49), at 35 C and pressures below
30 atm. These data have been previously analyzed with the Lattice Fluid (LF) Model for gas soly. in polymers, leading
to results which are similar to the case of hydrocarbon/fluorocarbon mixts. formed by low mol. wt. compds. In this
work, we will consider the predictive ability of two non lattice models, belonging to the family of the Hard Sphere
Chain Equations of State, for the description of complex systems such as polymers and their solns.: the Statistical
Assocg. Fluid Theory (SAFT) and the Perturbed Hard Sphere Chain Model (PHSC). We will in particular test if these
models, together with the geometric mean rule used to est. the binary interactions, are able to predict, based on pure
component data only, the low interactions between hydrocarbon and fluorocarbon mols. in the case of solns. formed by
low mol. wt. penetrants in polymers.
Bibliographic Information
A fully integrated membrane operation for sea water and brackfish water desalination.
Curcio, Efrem; Di
Profio, Gianluca; Mariah, Lynette; Drioli, Enrico. Department of Chemical Engineering an Materials, University of
Calabria, Rende, Italy. World Congress of Chemical Engineering, 7th, Glasgow, United Kingdom, July 10-14, 2005
(2005),
84275/1-84275/9. Publisher: Institution of Chemical Engineers, Rugby, UK CODEN: 69HUFZ
Conference; Computer Optical Disk written in English.
CAN 145:151958
AN 2006:224404
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Water scarcity already represents the major problem in many countries. Considerable progresses have been reached by
introducing pressure driven membrane operations as alternative to thermal desalination systems. Today, a large part of
136
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 new desalination plants are almost completely based on Reverse Osmosis, eventually integrated with Microfiltration
and Nanofiltration for pre-treatment. The introduction of these technologies has already evidenced interesting cost
redn. and operational flexibility. However, membrane desalination technol. still requires further improvements in the
direction of: higher water recovery factors, further cost redn., implementation of innovative strategies for brine disposal,
improved process flexibility with respect to feed water compn., better quality of produced water for different potential
end-users (ultrapure water, drinking water, agricultural and industrial water). In order to achieve these goals, the
strategy of Process Intensification - that represent, today, one of the most realistic answer to a sustainable industrial
growth - should be extended to the industrial segment of desalination. In this respect, fully integrated membrane
operations seem to offer, in principle, interesting perspectives. In this work, authors present the energetic and energetic
anal. of an integrated membrane desalination system and discuss some appropriate parameters for improving the
performance of the desalination plant in the logic of process intensification. A preliminary cost anal. based on different
combinations of the membrane units, including the possibility to produce crystals from brines, is also provided.
Bibliographic Information
A preliminary study using Fourier transform near infrared spectroscopy to monitor the shelf-life of packed
industrial ricotta cheese.
Sinelli, N.; Barzaghi, S.; Giardina, C.; Cattaneo, T. M. P. Department of Food Science
& Technology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy. Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy (2005), 13(5), 293-300.
Publisher: NIR Publications, CODEN: JNISEI ISSN: 0967-0335. Journal written in English. CAN 144:231897
AN 2006:185928 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Ricotta cheese is a dairy product characterized by a short shelf life. The aim of this study was to monitor changes
occurring during storage of packed industrial ricotta cheese using a simple and fast method. Several samples of
manufd. ricotta cheese were monitored during storage at 3 different temps. (3, 10 and 20 C). Spectral data were
collected over the range 12000 to 4400 cm-1 using a Fourier transform near IR (FT-NIR) spectrometer fitted with an
optic fiber working in diffuse reflectance. Some chem. and rheol. parameters were also measured. Principal component
anal. (PCA) was applied as an exploratory chemometric technique to each one of the 3 sets of data (FT-NIR, chem. and
rheol. data) and a calibration model between the NIR data set and chem. and rheol. indexes was developed by partial
least squares regression. The PCA results showed in all cases the influence of the storage temp. on the shelf life trend
and were able to identify a crit. day of shelf life for each storage temp.
Bibliographic Information
Medical diagnosis with electronic noses.
Di Natale, C.; Pennazza, G.; Martinelli, E.; Santonico, M.; Macagnano,
A.; Paolesse, R.; D'Amico, A. Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome,
Italy. Journal of the Argentine Chemical Society (2005), 93(1-3), 81-87. Publisher: Asociacion Quimica Argentina,
CODEN: JACSFY Journal written in English.
AN 2006:173154
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Electronic noses are arrays of partially selective chem. sensors. These systems appeared at the end of the eighties as
technol. attempts to mimic some of the functions of natural olfaction. Although they were introduced as a sort of
olfaction model they were soon applied to the qual. anal. in a no. of different fields disciplines such as food anal.,
environmental control and industrial processes. Among these fields also medicine was considered, in particular taking
into account the diagnostic role that olfaction plays in many traditional medicines. In this paper the use of electronic
noses in medicine is discussed with a particular emphasis on the possible use of this technol. in telemedicine.
Bibliographic Information
Saponins and phenolics of Yucca schidigera Roezl: chemistry and bioactivity.
Piacente, Sonia; Pizza, Cosimo;
Oleszek, Wieslaw.
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Fisciano, Italy.
Phytochemistry Reviews (2005), 4(2-3), 177-190. Publisher: Springer, CODEN: PRHEBS ISSN: 1568-7767.
137
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Journal; General Review written in English.
ACS on SciFinder (R))
CAN 144:408119
AN 2006:121007
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
Abstract
A review. Yucca schidigera (Agavaceae) is one of the major com. source of steroidal saponins. Two products of yucca
are available on the market. These include dried and finely powd. logs (yucca powder) or mech. pressed and thermally
condensed juice (yucca ext.). These products possess the GRAS label which allows their use as a foaming agent in soft
drink (root beer), pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food, and feed-stuff industries. The main application of yucca products is
in animal nutrition, in particular as a feed additive to reduce ammonia and fecal odors in animal excreta. The pos.
effects of dietary supplementation with yucca products on the growth rates, feed efficiency, and health of livestock
seem to be due not only to the saponin constituents but also to other constituents. These observations prompted us to
investigate the phenolic constituents of Y. schidigera. This study led to the isolation of resveratrol, trans-3,3',5,5'tetrahydroxy-4'-methoxystilbene, the spirobiflavonoid larixinol along with novel phenolic derivs. with very unusual
spirostructures, named yuccaols A-E and yuccaone A. Taking into account the multifunctional activities of resveratrol
and the novelty of yuccaols A-E, structurally related to resveratrol, a program aimed at evaluating for yucca phenolics
some of the activities exerted by resveratrol has been carried out. This review describes the chem. of yucca saponins
and phenolics, summarizes the biol. activities of yucca products and constituents and gives an account on the actual and
potential applications of yucca products.
Bibliographic Information
Olfactometric gas chromatography.
Benzo, Maurizio. Dipartimento di Chimica Farmaceutica, Universita Di
Pavia, Italy. Laboratorio 2000 (2005), 19(8), 60-62. Publisher: Morgan Edizioni Tecniche, CODEN: LABOE4
ISSN: 1120-8376. Journal; General Review written in Italian. CAN 145:464886 AN 2006:46711 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review on olfactometric gas chromatog. (O-GC) employing a nontraditional detector having special characteristics
indispensable in certain areas such as perfumery and food industry. The development of the O-GC in recent years in
relation to the techniques of Charm Anal. (by Terry Acree from Cornell University) and AEDA (aroma ext. diln. anal.
by Werner Grosch from Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fur Lebensmittelchemie) is considered. The role of the sensory
methods such as O-GC in ascertaining the significant contribution of some components to an aroma is shown. The
aroma anal. by the W.Grosch's procedure is presented along with the application example (fried food aroma).
Bibliographic Information
NIRFlex N-500 Buchi spectrometer.
Merlo, Barbara. Italy. Laboratorio 2000 (2005), 19(8), 8-12. Publisher:
Morgan Edizioni Tecniche, CODEN: LABOE4 ISSN: 1120-8376. Journal written in Italian. CAN 145:140326
AN 2006:46702 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The operational features of the NIRFlex N-500 Buechi spectrometer are described, including its interferometric and
polarizational capabilities. Its use is popular in the pharmaceutical, agrochem., and food chem. industries.
Bibliographic Information
Spectrofluorometry of essential oils: bergamot oil.
Giungato, Pasquale; Notarnicola, Luigi.
Dip. Scienze
Geografiche Merceologiche, Univ. degli Studi di Bari, Bari, Italy. Journal of Commodity Science (2005), 44(1),
17-34. Publisher: Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice, CODEN: RIMEDE ISSN: 1593-2052. Journal; General
Review written in English. CAN 144:494787 AN 2006:41123 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
138
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
A review. Bergamot (Citrus bergamia, Risso et Poiteau) cultivation started in Italy at the beginning of the 18th century.
Italian bergamot prodn. is limited in a narrow strip of the Calabrian coast, along the Ionian and the Thyrrenian seas.
Bergamot is cultivated for the essential oil representing an important raw material for cosmetic and food industry.
Among non-volatile fraction components of the bergamot essential oil there are coumarins, whose fluorescence was
widely investigated in the past. Because of their structural diversity and diverse occurrence, these oxygenated
heterocyclic compds. have an important role in the identification of the quality and genuineness of the bergamot
essential oil. This review reports spectrofluorometric properties of bergamot essential oil. From excitation-emission
matrix (EEM) anal. of bergamot essential oil solns. in ethanol, the characteristic emissions of citropten, linalyl acetate
and that of chlorophills have been detected. One citropten emission has been used in quant. detn., while none of linalyl
acetate. Quant. fluorometric detn. of citropten gives the sum of both citropten and 7-methoxy-5-geranyloxy-coumarin
concn.
Bibliographic Information
Ionization systems to decontaminate the air of San Daniele dry-cured ham production rooms.
Comi,
Giuseppe; Lovo, Andrea; Bortolussi, Nadia; Paiani, Mario; Berton, Alessandro; Bustreo, Giacomina. Dipartimento
Scienze degli Alimenti, Universita degli Studi di Udine, Udine, Italy. Industrie Alimentari (Pinerolo, Italy) (2005),
44(451), 982-989, 993. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: INALBB ISSN: 0019-901X. Journal written in
Italian. CAN 144:375291 AN 2005:1324018 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The microbial concn. in the air of salt, pre-ripening and ripening rooms of a San Daniele dry-cured ham factory was
reduced using an ionization system. The air of these rooms was treated with an ionizer machine mod. "Maia"
(SitalKlima company) for twenty-four hours. Data demonstrated that either molds and yeasts or bacteria concns.
decreased. After the treatment only the 48-53% of the initial microbial population was detected. After the ionization
the concn. of air pollution was <200 CFU/m3, demonstrating that this treatment allows to reach acceptable air
contamination values for food industries.
Bibliographic Information
Fermented functional foods based on novel cultures of lactic acid bacteria.
Torriani, Sandra; Dellaglio, Franco;
Cristofoletti, Marta; Gatto, Veronica.
Dipartimento Scientifico e Tecnologico, Universita degli Studi di Verona,
Verona, Italy. Ingredienti Alimentari (2005), 4(5), 6-16. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: IANLBJ ISSN:
1594-0543. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN 144:291398
AN 2005:1275818
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. A survey of results of the Italian scientific research project Si.S.Al. (Sicurezza e Salubrita degli Alimenti per
il benessere dell'uomo) is presented. The goal was to select new cultures of lactic acid bacteria with specific technol.
and functional properties; such properties can be exploited in development of innovative functional milk products.
Technol. properties of the bacterial strains evaluated included acidifying and proteolytic activities, ability to coagulate
milk, and sensory characteristics of milk fermented with the cultures. Among the functional properties, the criteria for
selection of probiotic bacterial strains were survival during gastric transit and the ability to release metabolites with
inhibitory properties against angiotensin 1 converting enzyme. Particular interest was devoted to the selection of strains
able to inhibit the growth of pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms. Concerning the safety of the cultures, the ability
to produce biogenic amines and the antibiotic resistance were checked since these may pose a threat to the consumers.
The research so far allowed to select and validate safe cultures with specific characteristics of interest; these cultures
can be used for the development of new fermented functional foods with safety, taste and health properties demanded
by the food industry and consumers. The results offer a variety of possibilities for the food companies ro produce
marketable products.
139
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Milk, residues and contaminants.
Pinelli, C.; Dallaturca, E.; Schianchi, L.; Vene, F. Servizio Garanzia Qualita,
Parmalat S.p.A., Parma, Italy.
Scienza e Tecnica Lattiero-Casearia (2005), 56(4), 273-293. Publisher:
Associazione Italiana Tecnici del Latte, CODEN: SLCAAF ISSN: 0390-6361. Journal; General Review written in
Italian. CAN 144:291397 AN 2005:1261499 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Milk compn. is a faithful reflection of the ecosystem and agricultural practices used on dairy farms. The
origin and incidence of milk contamination with various residues, such as organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated
biphenyls, dioxins, polycyclic arom. hydrocarbons, heavy metals, radionuclides, antimicrobials, surfactants and
aflatoxins, are examd. using recent results (1400 samples, 1999-2004) of milk residue monitoring for the prevention of
food safety risk in Italy.
Bibliographic Information
Cocoa byproducts as source of raw materials and commodities and energetic value of cocoa teguments.
Paiano, Annarita; Camaggio, Gigliola; Maringelli, Giacomo.
Facolta di Economia, Dipartimento di Scienze
Geografiche e Merceologiche, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Bari, Italy.
Industrie Alimentari (Pinerolo, Italy)
(2005), 44(450), 868-872. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: INALBB ISSN: 0019-901X. Journal written in
Italian. CAN 144:291488 AN 2005:1211691 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A survey of cocoa fruit and bean processing byproducts (shells, pulp, teguments, germs), material balance in cocoa
prodn. cycle, the byproducts com. utilization in food/feed and cosmetic industries, and estd. prodn. vols. and market
values are presented. The cocoa tegument biomass was examd. by chem. methods to est. its (burning) biofuel energy
value.
Bibliographic Information
The development of a high flow seawater membrane. A case history of one of the first applications using high
flow seawater elements in a plant producing process and boiler feed water for ENEL (now EDIPOWER) at San
Filippo del Mela power plant in Italy.
Maragliano, Guido; Moss, Peter. Koch Membrane Systems, Milan, Italy.
Desalination (2005), 184(1-3), 247-252. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: DSLNAH ISSN: 0011-9164. Journal
written in English. CAN 144:218564 AN 2005:1198990 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Reverse osmosis (RO) technol. was used for the redn. of the salt content of water since the late 1960s. The RO
membrane elements are available for a variety of desalination applications, treating water from sources ranging from
seawater and brackish water to waste water for use in applications ranging from industrial and process water to drinking
water. In recent years major advancements were made in the flux and salt rejection capabilities of the membranes. It
became apparent that a high flow seawater membrane element was needed particularly for cooler, lower salinity water
and during the mid 1990s a product was developed to meet these needs. In 1999 high flow seawater elements, Koch
Membrane Systems product Fluid Systems TFC 2822HF-370 elements were installed in a new plant producing 5230
m3/d process and boiler feed water for EDIPOWER at Archi Marina San Filippo del Mela - Sicily, Italy. This paper is
a case history describing the plant and looking at the performance of the membrane using Koch Membrane Systems
NormPro to normalize the data.
Bibliographic Information
Molecular identification of nematode worms from seafood (Anisakis spp. and Pseudoterranova spp.) and meat
(Trichinella spp.).
La Rosa, Giuseppe; D'Amelio, Stefano; Pozio, Edoardo. Department of Infectious, Parasitic
140
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy.
Methods in Biotechnology (2005),
21(Food-Borne Pathogens), 217-232. Publisher: Humana Press Inc., CODEN: MEBIFQ Journal written in English.
CAN 144:461397 AN 2005:1179526 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Fish-borne and meat-borne parasitic infections represent an important public health concern, given the increasing risk of
acquiring these pathogens and related allergies through the consumption of raw or undercooked seafood and meat. This
can, in part, be attributed to the increased globalization of both the food industry and eating habits. For the anal. of
food-borne pathogens and for mol. epidemiol., in vitro amplification of nucleic acids using polymerase chain reaction
(PCR) has become a powerful diagnostic tool. Each parasite species has a specific distribution area and range of hosts.
Because the infecting larval stages of the species belonging to the genera Anisakis, Pseudoterranova, and Trichinella are
morphol. indistinguishable, the only chance of identifying these pathogens at the species or genotype level is through
PCR-derived methods. PCR amplification of ITS1 and ITS2 regions, followed by restriction fragment length
polymorphism (RFLP), allows for the distinction among species of the genera Anisakis and Pseudoterranova. For
Trichinella worms, a multiplex PCR anal. can be used to distinguish among the eight recognized species and four
genotypes (Trichinella T6 and three populations of T. pseudospiralis), whereas to distinguish the genotypes Trichinella
T8 and T9 from Trichinella britovi, PCR-RFLP can be performed.
Bibliographic Information
Extraction of the phenolic complex from byproducts of wine industry.
Piracci, A.; Bucelli, P.; Faviere, V.;
Giannetti, F.; Facondini, N.; Piracci, F.
S.o.p. Gaiole in Chianti Siena 1, Mi.P.A.F. - Istituto Sperimentale per
l'Enologia, Gaiole i.C, Italy. Industrie delle Bevande (2005), 34(198), 338-343, 353. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori
spa, CODEN: INBEEW ISSN: 0390-0541. Journal written in Italian.
CAN 145:6891
AN 2005:1145835
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Optimal conditions for the extn. of the phenolic complex (polyphenols, cinnamic acids, flavanols, anthocyanins,
resveratrol) from pressed black grape seed and peel residues were studied for the development of industrial processes
aimed at the prodn. of dietary natural antioxidant supplements for humans. The considered parameters were extn.
agent, extn. agent/grape residue ratio, time and way of shaking, pH, time and temp. of contact, gas atm., effects of SO2
and ascorbic acid presence during grape maceration, grape residue particle size (grinding), and no. of extn. cycles.
Extn. with aq. tartaric acid pH 3.20, 95% ethanol, 10% ethanol acidified with tartaric acid to pH 3.20, and water/acetone
1:1 mixt. was used. The optimal conditions can serve for design of a pilot extn. plant. The extd. phenolic complex was
evaluated for free radical scavenging activity in comparison with wine obtained from same grapes. This use of grape
residues adds value to processing byproducts and decreases the waste load on the environment.
Bibliographic Information
Biologically active substances in foods of plant origin.
Carratu, Brunella; Sanzini, Elisabetta. Centro Nazionale
per la Qualita degli Alimenti e per i Rischi Alimentari, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy. Annali dell'Istituto
Superiore di Sanita (2005), 41(1), 7-16. Publisher: Istituto Superiore di Sanita, CODEN: AISSAW ISSN: 00212571. Journal; General Review written in Italian. CAN 144:169709 AN 2005:1127496 CAPLUS (Copyright
(C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Phytochems. are a heterogeneous group of substances with potential protective effects on human health
when their dietary intakes are significant. These phytochems. can have antioxidant activity, modulate detoxification
enzymes, stimulate immune system, decrease blood platelet aggregation, and modulate hormone metab. Glucosinolates
and the large group of polyphenols, including flavonoids as the main category, are examd. in more detail. Isoflavones
and phytoestrogens are discussed at length because of their weak estrogenic activity. Numerous factors affect the
phytochem. contents and bioavailability from foods of plant origin; these factors include environmental conditions and
141
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 industrial or domestic processing. The bioavailability of phytochems. can be influenced by intrinsic factors in foods
and/or in human body; these substances are in general little absorbed, largely metabolized, and rapidly eliminated. It is
advisable that the consumption of beneficial phytochems. is const. over time to maintain high concns. of their
metabolites in the blood and body.
Bibliographic Information
Ammonia heat pump for energy saving in food industrial processes: the case of a cheese factory.
Panno, G.;
Auguanno, S.; Messineo, A.; Panno, D.
Department of Energy and Environmental Researches (D.R.E.A.M.),
University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy. Ammonia Refrigerating Systems: Renewal and Improvement, Refrigeration
Science and Technology Proceedings, Ohrid, Macedonia, May 6-8, 2005 (2005),
Panno1/1-Panno1/8. Publisher:
Institut International du Froid, Paris, Fr CODEN: 69HJK7 Conference; Computer Optical Disk written in English.
CAN 145:11226 AN 2005:1115031 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The consumption of energy is important in the development of refrigerating engines. Refrigerating systems can have
direct and indirect effects on the environment. To set a limit to the harm induced using synthetic refrigerants and to
follow up energy saving, it is important to study new solns. A feasibility study on the refrigeration plant of a cheese
factory was performed by addn. of a heat pump, with NH3 as refrigerant, to recover the thermal reject of 2 refrigerating
units and to supply the required heat to pasteurize milk. The energy saving and redn. of CO2 emissions were compared
to those of the previous system. The proposed soln. enables energy saving and has little effect on the environment.
Bibliographic Information
Occurrence and Removal of Potentially Toxic Metals and Heavy Metals in the Wastewater Treatment Plant of
Fusina (Venice, Italy).
Busetti, F.; Badoer, S.; Cuomo, M.; Rubino, B.; Traverso, P.
Department of
Environmental Sciences, University Ca'Foscari of Venice, Venice, Italy.
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry
Research (2005), 44(24), 9264-9272. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: IECRED ISSN: 0888-5885.
Journal written in English.
CAN 144:39912
AN 2005:1113444
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This study addresses the issue of whether it is possible to accurately predict the removal efficiencies of metals of
environmental concern (i.e., Al, Ag, As, B, Ba, Cd, Cr, Fe, Mn, Hg, Ni, Pb, Cu, V, and Zn) in a wastewater treatment
plant. The plant in question (at Fusina, Venice, Italy) is fed by mixed wastes from municipal and industrial sources
(.apprx.300,000 equiv inhabitants) and discharges the treated effluent into the Venice lagoon. The year-long sampling
campaign (2001-2002) yielded a substantial amt. of anal. data and relatively wide ranges of concns. of metals in the
influent samples, which made it possible to study the removal efficiencies by plotting the terms (inlet concn. - outlet
concn.) vs (inlet concn.) for each metal investigated. The data in the plots were fitted using the linear regression model
Y = BX. The slope rates (terms B), which were estd. by the least-squares method, have been adopted as the removal
efficiencies, and they can be considered as consts. in the concn. ranges recorded in this work. VThe relative abundance
of metals in the raw wastewaters feeding Fusina WWTP followed the order Al > Fe > B > Zn > Ba > Mn > Cu > Pb >
Hg = Ni > Cr = As > V > Ag > Cd, while in the effluent the order was Fe > Al > Zn > Mn > Ba > Ni > Cu > Pb > Cr >
Ag > As > Hg = V > Cd. The removal percentages (%) of the metals were Al = 92 1; Ag = 94 1; As = 76 3; B =
n.d.; Ba = 85 2; Cd = 85 2; Cr = 87 1; Fe = 90 1; Mn = 61 2; Hg = 93 1; Ni = 50 3; Pb = 92 1; Cu =
93 1; V = 74 2; and Zn = 75 3.
Bibliographic Information
Versatile lactic acid bacteria. Present and future perspectives in the feed industry.
Giardini, Alberto; Vigezzi,
Pierangelo; Soncini, Gabriella. Centro Sperimentale de Latte S.P.A., Zelo Buon Persico, Italy. Kraftfutter (2005),
88(7-8), 20-28. Publisher: Deutscher Fachverlag, CODEN: KFFUAS ISSN: 0023-4427. Journal written in
English/German. CAN 145:209550 AN 2005:1104473 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
142
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
A large no. of molds species contaminating crops or growing on food and feed commodities may elaborate mycotoxins.
An appropriate use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can be envisaged. LAB selected strains have been taken into
consideration for their application in the food and feed industry as mold growth antagonists and aflatoxins and other
mycotoxin "sequestrants".
Bibliographic Information
Mono- and multilayer active films containing lysozyme as antimicrobial agent.
Buonocore, G. G.; Conte, A.;
Corbo, M. R.; Sinigaglia, M.; Del Nobile, M. A. National Research Council, Institute of Composite and Biomedical
Materials, Naples, Italy. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies (2005), 6(4), 459-464. Publisher:
Elsevier Ltd., CODEN: IFSEBO ISSN: 1466-8564. Journal written in English.
CAN 144:190881
AN
2005:1058137 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Active packaging materials able to release antimicrobial compds. into foodstuff can be used in order to avoid or slow
down the bacterial growth during storage. In this work the use of two techniques to control the release of the chosen
active compd. (lysozyme) from a polymeric material into the foodstuff is proposed: a monolayer crosslinked PVOH
film and a multi-layer structure made of crosslinked PVOH layers are developed and studied. Lysozyme release tests
into water were performed in order to compare the release kinetics from the investigated films. Results suggest that by
means of both structures it is possible to control the rate at which lysozyme is released from the PVOH film. The
antimicrobial activity of lysozyme released from the investigated films was tested against a suspension of Micrococcus
lysodeikticus. Results show that the incorporation of lysozyme into PVOH does not lead to a loss of activity of the
enzyme. Industrial relevance: The increased use of gently processed foods requires packaging to be an integral part of
the preservation concept. Consequently addnl. antimicrobial activity from the packaging material can aid in shelf life
extension. This paper concs. on the release rate of lysozyme, a naturally occurring antimicrobial agent (eg. salvia,
mothers milk, raw milk), from multi-layer films. A comparison of mono- and multi-layer films contg. lysozyme
regarding their effectiveness on M. lysodeikticus as target organism was also performed. Both aims were met leading
to a controlled release of lysozyme with no loss of activity.
Bibliographic Information
Characterization and partial purification of peroxidase from artichoke leaves.
Cardinali, A.; Di Venere, D.;
Sergio, L.; Linsalata, V.
Istituto sull'Orticoltura Industriale, CNR, Bari, Italy.
Acta Horticulturae (2005),
681(Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress on Artichoke, 2000), 445-452. Publisher: International Society
for Horticultural Science, CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal written in English. CAN 144:463060
AN 2005:1037836 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Artichoke, Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. scolymus (L.) Hayek, is widely used in processed food industry. Leaves and
external bud bracts discarded as refuse represent about 70% of the total biomass and could be utilized to ext. important
compds. as phenols and enzymes (i.e. polyphenoloxidase and peroxidase) very abundant in this vegetable. Peroxidases
(PODs) are part of a large group of enzymes assocd. with cell wall biosynthesis, response to injury, disease, resistance
and wound repair. In this study the sepn. and distribution of sol. peroxidase (SP), ionically bound (IBP) and covalently
bound (CBP) peroxidases from artichoke leaves was performed. The POD forms were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and
stained for peroxidase activity using o-dianisidine as substrate. The SP and IBP electrophoretic patterns were very
similar. They showed three different mol. wt. (MW) zones: 100 kDa, 60 kDa and 35 kDa. The CBP pattern was
different; it showed a group of high MW bands. The SP was partially purified by ammonium sulfate pptn., gel
filtration, affinity chromatog. and AE-HPLC. The increase of specific activity was 43-fold compared to the crude ext.
as estd. by the guaiacol assay. The SDS-PAGE stained for POD activity showed a double band with an apparent MW
of about 60 kDa.
143
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Antioxidant activities of artichoke phenolics.
Lattanzio, V.; Cicco, N.; Linsalata, V. Consiglio Nazionale delle
Ricerche, Istituto di Orticoltura e Colture Industriali, Tito Scalo, Italy. Acta Horticulturae (2005), 681(Proceedings
of the Fourth International Congress on Artichoke, 2000), 421-427. Publisher: International Society for Horticultural
Science, CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal written in English. CAN 144:270510 AN 2005:1037832
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Both leaves and heads from artichokes are rich in phenolic compds. belonging to different classes: benzoic and
cinnamic derivs., flavonoids and tannins. There are conditions when these phenolic compds. show antioxidant activities
and quench different types of free radicals. Therefore, they can be used as nutrient compds., because of their role in
preventing and treating different diseases of radical origin, or as food preservatives. This research deals with the
compn. and biol. activities of artichoke exts. prepd. from leaves and heads. Mono-caffeoylquinic acids and dicaffeoylquinic acids are the predominant phenolics in these exts., which also contain flavonoids (apigenin and luteolin
glycosides) and tannins (hydrolyzable and condensed tannins). Artichoke exts. and some of their pure phenolic
constituents were assessed for their protective role in the control of oxidative damage to biol. mols. (proteins, lipids and
DNA), caused by free radicals such as RCOO.bul. and/or OH.bul., and the mechanism of their action using the carotene/linoleate assay, the deoxyribose assay and the metmyoglobin assay. The results of this study suggests that
artichoke heads are rich in phenolics showing, in some conditions, a good antioxidant activity and might, therefore, be
regarded as a source of dietary antioxidants. In addn., leaves and outer bracts of artichoke heads can be considered as a
cheap, as yet unused, source of natural non-toxic antioxidants for use in industrial processes (to preserve and stabilize
the freshness, nutritive value, flavor and color of foods).
Bibliographic Information
Process for the preparation of colored icing sweetners, products obtainable by said process and use thereof in
the alimentary field.
Angelini, Mario. (Italy). PCT Int. Appl. (2005), CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2005084112
A2 20050915 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN,
CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG,
KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH,
PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM,
ZW. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IS, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF,
BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent written in English. Application: WO 2004-IB3900
20041129. Priority: IT 2004-250 20040216. AN 2005:999251 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2005084112
WO 2005084112
Kind
A2
A3
Date
Application No.
Date
20050915
WO 2004-IB3900
20041129
20060420
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH,
CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD,
GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK,
LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NI,
NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SY, TJ,
TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: BW, GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, NA, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM,
AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK,
EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LU, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI,
SK, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN,
TD, TG
144
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 EP 1715759
A2
US 20070178207
A1
Priority Application
IT 2004-MI250
WO 2004-IB3900
A
W
20061102
EP 2004-799002
20041129
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR, BG, CZ, EE, HU, PL, SK, HR, IS, YU
20070802
US 2006-589300
20060814
20040216
20041129
Abstract
The invention relates to a process for industrial application for preparing icing sweeteners colored with any coloring
agent for food use. The process basically consists in subjecting to a simultaneous mixing-refining step a mixture
comprising sugar or a surrogate thereof, and one or more coloring agents for food use, by means of a high speed mill.
The mill also relates to colored sweetening products that can be obtained with said process and to their use in the
alimentary field.
Bibliographic Information
Growth response, leaf gas exchange and fructans accumulation of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus
L.) as affected by different water regimes.
Monti, A.; Amaducci, M. T.; Venturi, G.
Department of
Agroenvironmental Science and Technologies, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
European Journal of
Agronomy (2005), 23(2), 136-145. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: EJAGET ISSN: 1161-0301. Journal written
in English. CAN 144:429098 AN 2005:842223 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Fructans can be used in the food industry and in several non-food industrial and medical applications. Several crops
accumulate fructans as storage reserves, among these Jerusalem artichoke (JA) can be appreciated for its high fructans
yield with low input techniques. Dry matter accumulation, leaf photosynthesis and fructans accumulation of JA were
investigated under irrigated (W 1) and rain-fed (W 0) conditions over the 2 years 1999 and 2000. In both years, the
time-course of the plant growth and biomass partitioning was significantly affected by water availability, esp. during the
period of the two first irrigations. The initially higher growth rate of W 1 was explained by leaves and stems while
tuber initiation was considerable faster in W 0. Conversely, in the last part of the growing season the considerably
faster tuber formation of W 1 produced a higher tuber dry wt. than W 0. As expected by the higher dry matter yield of
W 1 the radiation use efficiency (RUE) was also affected by treatment with higher values in irrigated plots (2.9 g MJ-1
vs. 2.2 g MJ-1). Conversely, if marketable product is considered instead of the total dry matter, RUE would be not
statistically different between treatments. Leaf net photosynthesis (A) was weakly affected by treatment and strongly
by leaf temp. (T leaf) and stomatal conductance (g s). T leaf over 33 C seemed to cause non-stomatal limitations thus
to decrease A more than g s did. Stem fructan yields (FYstem) did not vary between treatments despite the fructans
content being generally significantly higher in W 0. Otherwise, FYstem as well as the fructan chain length (DP) were
significantly reduced by delaying the harvest from Sept. to Nov. The highest tuber DP was slightly higher than that of
the stems and it was reached 1800 GDD before the max. tuber dry wt. Water restoration did not increase tuber DP,
instead it delayed (700 GDD) the time taken to reach the max. values. Assuming that fructans are extd.
both from tubers and stems, the last but one harvest appeared more profitable than the last one. The irrigation slightly
increased the fructan yield only in the first year when the meteorol. conditions favored a high aboveground
development. In this year the yield was however satisfactory even in rain-fed conditions at least for the consistent water
saving (318 L m-2). Moreover, the fructan chains were never affected by water regime. Thus irrigation seems to be not
worthwhile for this area.
Bibliographic Information
Functional foods: Salient features and clinical applications.
Riezzo, Giuseppe; Chiloiro, Marisa; Russo,
Francesco. Laboratory of Experimental Pathophysiology, Scientific Institute for Digestive Diseases "S. De Bellis",
145
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Castellana Grotte, Italy. Current Drug Targets: Immune, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (2005), 5(3), 331-337.
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers Ltd., CODEN: CDTIBT ISSN: 1568-0088. Journal; General Review written
in English. CAN 143:171441 AN 2005:812384 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The term "functional food" refers to foods or ingredients of food providing an addnl. physiol. benefit beyond
their basic nutritional needs. Health benefits are best obtained through a varied diet contg. fruits, vegetables, grains,
legumes, and seeds. However, fortified foods and dietary supplements were marketed and food industry have made
functional food one of their current leading trends. Recently, the no. of functional foods that have a potential benefit on
health has hugely grown and scientific evidence is supporting the role of functional foods in prevention and treatment of
several diseases. Cancer, diabetes, heart disease and hypertension are the most important diseases that can be treated or
prevented by functional foods; other diseases are osteoporosis, abnormal bowel motility, and arthritis. It was estd. that
80% of cancer in USA have a nutrition/diet component suggesting a great impact of functional food and foods
components on incidence and treatment of cancer. Numerous factors complicate the evaluation of scientific evidence
such as the complexity of food substance, effect on food, metabolic changes assocd. to dietary changes, the lack of biol.
markers of disease development. This paper reviews the scientific evidence supporting this area regarding only those
foods and ingredients in which a clear exptl. and clin. evidence exists for their chemopreventive and therapeutic effects.
Bibliographic Information
In vitro antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Mediterranean Apiaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae
against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria.
Di Pasqua, Rosangela; De Feo, Vincenzo; Villani, Francesco;
Mauriello, Gianluigi. Dipartimento di Scienza degli Alimenti, Universita degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II", Portici,
Italy. Annals of Microbiology (Milano, Italy) (2005), 55(2), 139-143. Publisher: University of Milan, Dep of Food
Science and Microbiology, CODEN: AMNIC7 ISSN: 1590-4261. Journal written in English. CAN 144:146366
AN 2005:781814 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The aim of this work was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of twelve essential oils, against Gram-pos. and Gramneg. bacteria, for a potential use in the food industry. The antimicrobial activity of essential oils was detd. by an agar
diffusion method against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria. Further, bacteriostatic and bactericidal concns.
were detd. for each strain that evidenced sensitivity to the oils. All the oils showed bacteriostatic and bactericidal
activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium, while Brochotrix thermosphacta was inhibited
by eight of 12 tested oils. Finally, the pathogenic microorganism Listeria monocytogenes and lactic acid bacteria
strains were affected only by thyme, oregano and vervain oils. The essential oils considered in this research showed a
satisfactory antimicrobial activity. The essential oils could be used for the development of novel systems for food
preservation.
Bibliographic Information
Hybrid membrane operations in water desalination and industrial process rationalisation.
Drioli, E.; Di
Profio, G.; Curcio, E. Institute on Membrane Technology ITM-CNR, Arcavacata di Rende, Italy. Water Science
and Technology (2005), 51(6-7, Water Environment--Membrane Technology), 293-304. Publisher: IWA Publishing,
CODEN: WSTED4 ISSN: 0273-1223. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 144:337087
AN
2005:674184 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review concerning membrane science and technol. to resolve important global problems and develop new industrial
processes needed for sustainable industrial growth is given. Topics discussed include: membrane technol. for seawater
desalination; membrane technol. for selected industrial processes (textile and leather industry wastewater treatment;
dairy, fruit juice, and food applications; membrane applications in petrochem. industry ethylene prodn. process); and
conclusions.
146
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Photosynthetic membranes. Part 74. Solar energy driven photocatalytic membrane modules for water reuse in
agricultural and food industries. Pre-industrial experience using s-triazines as model molecules.
Bellobono,
Ignazio Renato; Morazzoni, Franca; Bianchi, Riccardo; Mangone, Emilia Simona; Stanescu, Rodica; Costache,
Cristina; Tozzi, Paola Maria. Environmental Research Centre, University of Milan, Milan, Italy. International
Journal of Photoenergy (2005), 7(2), 87-94. Publisher: Ain Shams University, Photoenergy Center, CODEN:
IJPNBU Journal written in English. CAN 144:375903 AN 2005:669601 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A membrane module, using photocatalytic membranes, was used in a pilot plant, under solar irradn. conditions, to
investigate photodecompn.-photooxidn. of atrazine, propazine, terbutylazine, symazine, prometryn, and ametryn, as
model mols. of s-triazine herbicides, at a std. concn. (1.0 ppm) simulating those of contaminated aquifers, using ozone
as the oxygen source. Photocatalytic composite membranes had 30
3 wt.% immobilized TiO2 and 6 wt.% of a
synergic mixt. of tri(tert-butyl)- and tri-(i-propyl)vanadate(V). Photooxidn. was followed by anal. of substrate
disappearance, as such, and by total org. carbon (TOC) anal. A four parameters kinetic model was used, as set up in
previous studies of this series, to interpret the whole photooxidn. curve. Quantum yields, as indicative of catalytic and
photocatalytic mechanisms, were evaluated satisfactorily: they are discussed, and compared with those of previous
studies on the same substrates, carried out in the same module, but in conditions of practically monochromatic irradn.
(254 nm) within the range of optical absorption of a semiconductor. Finally, in order to compare effectiveness of
composite photocatalytic membranes, described above, prepd. by photografting, either in the presence or in the absence
of an added photopromoter, as well as that of metallic membranes, onto which the semiconductor without any
photopromoter was present as a 3-4 m thick surface layer, directly produced on the nanotechnol. treated surface, with
those of other com. materials, parallel expts. were carried out, by using com. sheets in which the semiconductor was
immobilized, by a method based substantially on gluing by colloidal silica. All of these comparison expts. were carried
out at a lab. scale, using dioxygen of air, or ozone as oxygen donors.
Bibliographic Information
Piston with an improved seal system for a dosing apparatus, in particular for use in food, chemical, and
pharmaceutical industries.
(Crespi, Carlo, Italy).
Ger. Gebrauchsmusterschrift (2005),
7 pp. CODEN:
GGXXFR DE 202005005346 U1 20050714 Patent written in German. Application: DE 2005-202005005346
20050405. Priority: IT 2004-22 20040526. CAN 143:135382 AN 2005:608694 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
DE 202005005346
Kind
U1
Date
20050714
Priority Application
IT 2004-PC22U
U
20040526
Application No.
DE 2005-202005005346
Date
20050405
Abstract
The seal for the piston of a dosing app. consists of an outer part which is in contact with the cylinder wall and an inner
part made of a different material than that of the outer part. The inner part has a circumference groove into which
elastic means (e.g., a spring-loaded steel element) are introduced. The elastic means press against the outer part of the
seal to hold it in contact with the cylinder wall.
Bibliographic Information
147
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Subjective and objective evaluation of odors. How to quantify an odor.
Polesello, Andrea. Italy. Laboratorio
2000 (2005), 19(3), 24-37. Publisher: Morgan Edizioni Tecniche, CODEN: LABOE4 ISSN: 1120-8376. Journal;
General Review written in Italian. CAN 144:297717 AN 2005:562136 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review (16 refs.). Sensors and anal. methods are described for evaluation of odors for quality control of industrial
products, cosmetics, foods, sanitary engineering.
Bibliographic Information
Anaerobic digestion of food industry wastes. Effect of codigestion on methane yield.
Carucci, G.; Carrasco, F.;
Trifoni, K.; Majone, M.; Beccari, M. Dept. of Chemistry, Univ. di Roma "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy. Journal of
Environmental Engineering (Reston, VA, United States) (2005), 131(7), 1037-1045. Publisher: American Society of
Civil Engineers, CODEN: JOEEDU ISSN: 0733-9372. Journal written in English.
CAN 143:352251
AN
2005:530298 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Anaerobic treatability of 2 different wastes that represent the main refuse streams generated by a frozen food factory
(fresh vegetable waste and precooked food waste) was assessed. Moreover, the sludge coming from agro-industrial
wastewater treatment was codigested with the previously mentioned wastes. Batch tests were performed at different
solids content both on the single wastes and on appropriate mixts. of them (also to simulate the seasonality of factory
prodn.). Both fresh vegetable and precooked food wastes strongly inhibited methanogenesis from unacclimated
inoculum at 10% solids content (undiluted waste) and 5% solids content (8- to 9-fold dild. waste), resp. This was due to
their high contents of K and lipids, resp. The aerobic sludge from the wastewater treatment plant did not exert
inhibitory effect 10% solids content (undiluted waste). Codigestion of the fresh vegetable waste and sludge (60 and
40% on wet basis) was more effective both in terms of rate and yield of methane prodn. with respect to the single
wastes (due to diln. and synergic effects). On the other hand, methanogenesis remained strongly inhibited from mixts.
contg. pre-cooked food waste (at 25 and 45%, on wet basis). Methanogenesis inhibition could be overcome by a long
acclimation period. Fill-and-draw digestion in a 0.5 L lab-scale reactor of the fresh vegetable waste and sludge mixt.
after start up with acclimated inoculum allowed higher methane yields (37% at high org. load and 57% at low org.
load). Better results were obtained in a 1.7 L micropilot fill-and-draw reactor (yield of 67%) fed at higher frequency.
Bibliographic Information
Transglutaminases as biotechnological tools.
Mariniello, Loredana; Porta, Raffaele.
Department of Food
Science, University of Naples 'Federico II', Naples, Italy.
Progress in Experimental Tumor Research (2005),
38(Transglutaminases), 174-191. Publisher: S. Karger AG, CODEN: PEXTAR ISSN: 0079-6263. Journal; General
Review written in English.
CAN 144:269652
AN 2005:500927
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review describes the main applications of the multiple transglutaminase mol. isoforms in different sectors, from
biomedicine to cosmetics, from food to leather and textile industries.
Bibliographic Information
Differences in volatiles, and chemical, microbial and sensory characteristics between artisanal and industrial
Piacentinu Ennese cheeses.
Horne, J.; Carpino, S.; Tuminello, L.; Rapisarda, T.; Corallo, L.; Licitra, G. Regione
Siciliana, CoRFiLaC, Ragusa, Italy. International Dairy Journal (2005), 15(6-9), 605-617. Publisher: Elsevier
B.V, CODEN: IDAJE6 ISSN: 0958-6946. Journal written in English.
CAN 143:476834
AN 2005:465104
148
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Piacentinu is a traditional Sicilian ewes' milk cheese produced in the province of Enna. The objective of this study was
to det. whether altering the traditional conditions under which Piacentinu cheeses are made affects their volatile org.
compds. (VOCs) and sensory characteristics. Cheeses were obtained from different farms and ripened for 2 to 6 mo.
Those made from raw milk and artisanal rennets contained a more diverse group of VOCs, esp. with respect to terpenes,
and had significantly stronger aroma intensities in most categories except fruity. Cheeses made from pasteurized milk
with com. starters and rennets had significantly stronger salty and spicy tastes. Principal components anal. of the VOC
and sensory data sepd. the 2 types of cheeses by their VOC "fingerprints" and a few aroma sensory attributes. Ripening
time was accounted for by aroma intensity, and taste and texture attributes.
Bibliographic Information
Interactions between metabolism of trace metals and xenobiotic agonists of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in the
Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii: Environmental perspectives.
Regoli, Francesco; Nigro, Marco;
Benedetti, Maura; Gorbi, Stefania; Pretti, Carlo; Gervasi, Pier Giovanni; Fattorini, Daniele.
Istituto di Biologia e
Genetica, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (2005),
24(6), 1475-1482. Publisher: SETAC Press, CODEN: ETOCDK ISSN: 0730-7268. Journal written in English.
CAN 143:72980 AN 2005:455965 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Although Antarctica is a pristine environment, organisms are challenged with contaminants either released locally or
transported from industrialized regions through atm. circulation and marine food webs. Organisms from Terra Nova
Bay also are exposed to a natural enrichment of cadmium, but to our knowledge, whether such environmental
conditions influence biol. responses to anthropogenic pollutants has never been considered. In the present study, the
Antarctic rock cod (Trematomus bernacchii) was exposed to model chems., including polycyclic arom. hydrocarbons
(benzo[a]pyrene), persistent org. pollutants (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin [TCDD]), cadmium, and a
combination of cadmium and TCDD. Analyzed parameters included chem. bioaccumulation, activity, and levels of
biotransformation enzymes (cytochrome P 4501A); metallothioneins and the efficiency of the antioxidant system
measured as individual defenses (catalase, glutathione, glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferases, and
glutathione peroxidases); and total scavenging capacity toward peroxyl and hydroxyl radicals. Reciprocal interactions
between metab. of inorg. and org. pollutants were demonstrated. Dioxin enhanced the accumulation of cadmium,
probably stored within proliferating endoplasmic reticulum, and cadmium suppressed the inducibility of cytochrome P
4501A, allowing us to hypothesize a posttranscriptional mechanism as the depletion of heme group availability. Clear
evidence of oxidative perturbation was provided by the inhibition of antioxidants and enhanced sensitivity to oxyradical
toxicity in fish exposed to org. chems. Exposure to cadmium revealed counteracting responses of glutathione metab.;
however, these responses did not prevent a certain loss of antioxidant capacity toward peroxyl radicals. The pattern of
antioxidant responses exhibited by fish coexposed to cadmium and TCDD was more similar to that obsd. for cadmium
than to that obsd. for TCDD.
The overall results suggest that elevated natural levels of cadmium in Antarctic organisms from Terra Nova Bay can
limit biotransformation capability of polycyclic (halogenated) hydrocarbons, thus influencing the bioaccumulation and
biol. effects of these chems. in key sentinel species.
Bibliographic Information
Mixing kinetics of granular materials in drums operated in rolling and cataracting regime.
Santomaso, A.;
Olivi, M.; Canu, P. DIPIC-Dipartimento di Principi e Impianti di Ingegneria Chimica, Universita di Padova, Padua,
Italy. Powder Technology (2005), 152(1-3), 41-51. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: POTEBX ISSN: 00325910. Journal written in English. CAN 142:484027 AN 2005:389688 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
149
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Most of the earlier studies on mixing were focused on drums operated in or close to rolling regime, considered the most
convenient for metallurgical, cement and mining applications in rotary kilns. However, many other industrial
applications deal with powder mixing in rotating drums or other tumblers such as in pharmaceutical, detergent or food
industry. In these cases, effectiveness of mixing may be given by other regimes. Here we compare mixing efficiency
and kinetics of two different regimes, i.e. rolling and cataracting. The attention was specifically focused on both the
internal compn. patterns and the mixing kinetics, aiming at optimizing the operation time and the final homogeneity of
the mixts. The internal structure of the bed, after mixing, was investigated through a solidification technique. Images
of the transverse plane of the mixt. at the ends of the drum provide information on the mixt. compn. there, during
mixing. Both information from the interior and the ends were used to point out differences in the mixing patterns and
kinetics of the two regimes considered. It is known since a long time in the industry that the evolution of the mixing
process strongly depends on the history whom the bulk was subjected to before mixing begins or during the early stages
of the process. This work aims at providing some mechanistic and quant. explanation of this knowledge and shows that
not a single regime, but a proper combination of the two regimes allows to achieve a better mixing quality more rapidly.
Bibliographic Information
Wet hydrogen peroxide catalytic oxidation (WHPCO) of organic waste in agro-food and industrial streams.
Perathoner, Siglinda; Centi, Gabriele. Department of Industrial Chemistry and Engineering of Materials and ELCASS
(European Laboratory for Catalysis and Surface Science), University of Messina, Messina, Italy. Topics in Catalysis
(2005), 33(1-4), 207-224. Publisher: Springer, CODEN: TOCAFI ISSN: 1022-5528. Journal; General Review
written in English. CAN 143:158059 AN 2005:389521 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This review discusses the use of iron- or copper-based solid catalysts in the wet oxidn. using H2O2 as oxidant of org.
mols. present in agro-food and industrial waste aq. streams. After an introduction on the advantages and limits of using
wet H2O2 catalytic oxidn. (WHPCO) as opposite to wet air catalytic oxidn. (WACO), the contribution shortly analyses
recent results in the field to evidence new trends and open issues. More specific examples discussed regard the
performances of Fe/zeolite and Fe-contg. pillared clays in the oxidn. of selected mols. (p-coumaric acid, propionic acid)
of relevance for the treatment of org. waste from agro-food prodn. (with ref. esp. to olive oil milling wastewater). The
application of WHPCO in the treatment of complex effluents from electronic industry is also shortly discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Industrial process for recycling waste, its applications, and products obtained.
Di Giovanni, Maurizio. (Italy).
PCT Int. Appl. (2005), 67 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2005035148 A1 20050421 Designated States W: AE, AG,
AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE,
EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV,
MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL,
SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH,
CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN,
TD, TG. Patent written in English. Application: WO 2004-IB382 20040216. Priority: IT 2003-2 20031009. CAN
142:396980 AN 2005:346926 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2005035148
Kind
A1
Date
Application No.
Date
20050421
WO 2004-IB382
20040216
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH,
CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD,
GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK,
LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NI,
NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SY, TJ,
TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
150
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 EP 1673180
EP 1673180
A1
B1
AT 368529
US 20070262031
T
A1
Priority Application
IT 2003-TP2
WO 2004-IB382
A
W
RW: BW, GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ,
BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE,
ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR,
BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG
20060628
EP 2004-711416
20040216
20070801
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR, BG, CZ, EE, HU, SK
20070815
AT 2004-711416
20040216
20071115
US 2007-573714
20070308
20031009
20040216
Abstract
The present invention relates to an industrial process, a so-called oxido-destruction process, for conveniently recycling
every type of waste of any origin. The materials obtained through said process have various and interesting possibilities
of use in the industrial field. Said process is preferably carried out continuously, in a suitable mobile or stationary
system, by subjecting said waste to an oxidative demolition-polymn. reaction, followed if necessary by a repolymn.
reaction depending on the desired end product. In the first case, the result consists of fluid and solid, biol. stable sterile
materials, whereas in the second case the result is a stable sterile expanded polymer having a polyurethane structure.
Said system basically comprises means for waste volumetric redn. and compacting and a multistage reactor, where the
oxido-destruction process takes place. Preferably, said system also comprises means for collecting, isolating and sepg.
products resulting from oxido-destruction treatment. Said system is most preferably combined with two turboelectrophotolytic reactors for on-site prepn. and metering of the super-oxidizing mixt. for waste oxidative demolitiondepolymn.
Bibliographic Information
Effects of endocrine disruptors on developmental and reproductive functions.
Brevini, Tiziana A. L.; Zanetto,
Simona Bertola; Cillo, Fabiana.
Department of Anatomy of Domestic Animals, School of Veterinary Medicine,
University of Milano, Italy. Current Drug Targets: Immune, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (2005), 5(1), 1-10.
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers Ltd., CODEN: CDTIBT ISSN: 1568-0088. Journal; General Review written
in English. CAN 142:311038 AN 2005:246760 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Endocrine disrupters (EDs) are exogenous environmental mols. that may affect the synthesis, secretion,
transport, metab., binding, action, and catabolism of natural hormones in the body. EDs may thus interact with the
endocrine system of animals and humans and can exert this effect even when present in minute amts. EDs have adverse
impacts on a no. of developmental functions in wildlife and humans. Crit. periods of urogenital tract and nervous
system development in-utero and during early post-natal life are esp. sensitive to hormonal disruption. Furthermore a
wide range of hormone-dependent organs (pituitary gland, hypothalamus, reproductive tract) are targets of EDs
disrupting effects in adult subjects, possibly resulting in cell transformation and cancer. At present about 60 chems.
have been identified and characterized as EDs and belong to three main groups: (a) synthetic compds. utilized in
industry, agriculture and consumer products; (b) synthetic mols. used as pharmaceutical drugs and (c) natural chems.
found in human and animal food (phytoestrogens). In the present review we will give special attention to the family of
Polychlorinated biphenyls (also indicated as PCBs) because of their persistence in the environment, ability to conc. up
the food chain, continued detection in environmental matrixes, and ability to be stored in the adipose tissue of animals
as well as humans. The detrimental effects of these compds., and of EDs more in general, on health and reprodn. will
be discussed, presenting exptl. data aimed at understanding the mol. mechanisms involved in their action.
151
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Analytical comparison of monovarietal virgin olive oils obtained by both a continuous industrial plant and a
low-scale mill.
Cerretani, Lorenzo; Bendini, Alessandra; Rotondi, Annalisa; Lercker, Giovanni; Toschi, Tullia
Gallina. Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti, Universita di Bologna, Cesena, Italy. European Journal of Lipid
Science and Technology (2005), 107(2), 93-100. Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, CODEN:
EJLTFM ISSN: 1438-7697. Journal written in English. CAN 143:6443 AN 2005:221135 CAPLUS (Copyright
(C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Two monovarietal extra virgin olive oils, obtained from Ghiacciolo and Nostrana di Brisighella cvv. olives, were
produced by 2 different extn. plants, a low-scale mill equipped with a 2-phase decanter and a continuous water-saving
industrial plant. The olive ripening index, the fatty acid anal. by capillary gas chromatog., the spectrophotometric detns.
of total phenols and o-diphenols, the phenolic profile by HPLC-DAD/MSD and the oxidative stability by OSI, together
with the sensory anal. on the oil produced, were evaluated. Independently of the olive processing plant, the oils
originating from 2 cultivars of olive fruit showed different fatty acid compns. (particularly the C18:1/C18:2 ratio),
phenol compns. and oxidative stabilities. Concerning the extn. system, for both cultivars, the oxidative resistance and
the content of phenols and o-diphenols were higher for the oils produced by the low-scale mill. The quant. descriptive
anal. sensory anal. was not able to discriminate the oil samples from both cultivars obtained from the 2 plants, even if it
underlined a higher bitter attribute for the Ghiacciolo cv. oil when it was obtained from the low-scale mill. The data of
the sensory anal. were correlated with simple phenol and the secoiridoid contents, both detd. by HPLC-DAD-MSD.
Bibliographic Information
Pathological evidence of interactions of environmental micro and nanoparticles in humans.
Gatti, Antonietta
M.; Montanari, Stefano.
lab. of Biomaterials, Dept of Neurosciences, University of modena and ReggioEmilia,
Modena, Italy. Abstracts of Papers, 229th ACS National Meeting, San Diego, CA, United States, March 13-17, 2005
(2005),
IEC-157. Publisher: American Chemical Society, Washington, D. C CODEN: 69GQMP Conference;
Meeting Abstract written in English. AN 2005:190358 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The European Project NANOPATHOl. lead to the discovery of pathol. interactions between micro and nanoparticles
and the human organism. Through a novel technique of environmental electron scanning microscopy, Energy
Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) and the ad-hoc prepn. of biol. samples, it has been possible to observe the presence of
inorg. debris in pathol. biopsies and autopsies. In non-cancerous and cancerous neoformations (granulomas,
lymphomas, etc.) debris was detected from whose chem. (by EDS) an environmental origin was put forward thanks to
the anamnestic indications given by patients. Specific foundings from the environment confirmed the identity between
pollution in the environment and in the patient. The particles found were neither biodegradable nor biocompatible and
liable to induce adverse biol. reactions. Over 100 pathol. samples from subjects exposed to: 1) inhaled occupational
pollution (soldering, aluminothermia, etc.), 2) dust inhaled from the Twin Towers collapse and 3) ingested food
polluted by industrial wastes are shown.
Bibliographic Information
Estimation of Color of Durum Wheat. Comparison of WSB, HPLC, and Reflectance Colorimeter
Measurements.
Fratianni, Alessandra; Irano, Mario; Panfili, Gianfranco; Acquistucci, Rita.
DISTAAM,
Universita degli Studi del Molise, Campobasso, Italy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2005), 53(7),
2373-2378. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: JAFCAU ISSN: 0021-8561. Journal written in
English. CAN 142:409896 AN 2005:179907 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Color is an important parameter involved in the definition of semolina and pasta quality. This character is mainly due
152
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 to natural pigments (carotenoids) that are present at different levels in cereals and cereal products, due to botanical
origin, growing conditions, distribution in the kernel, and technol. processes. In food industries, color measurements
are usually performed by means of automatic instruments that are rapid and safe, as alternatives to the chem. extn.
methods. In this study, automatic measurements (CIE, color-space system L*, a*, b*), water-satd. butanol (WSB), and
HPLC detns. have been applied to evaluate the carotenoid content in whole meals and resp. semolina samples produced
from wheat cultivated in the years 2001 and 2002. In whole meals, total carotenoids, detd. by HPLC, were about 3.0
g/g (2001) and 3.5 g/g (2002) calcd. on dry wt. (dw) and about 3.0 and 3.2 g/g dw in corresponding semolina
samples. The b* values for the same period were 19.78 and 15.75, resp., in raw materials and 20.03-21.67 in semolina.
Results have confirmed lutein and -carotene as the main components mainly responsible for the yellow color in wheat
grains. The ability of the index b* to express natural dyeing was dependent on sample characteristics as demonstrated
by the relationships found between this index and pigments, although the best correlation resulted between HPLC and
WSB.
Bibliographic Information
Determination of cadmium, lead, iron, nickel and chromium in selected food matrices by plasma spectrometric
techniques.
Cubadda, Francesco; Raggi, Andrea. National Centre for Food Quality and Risk Assessment, Istituto
Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy.
Microchemical Journal (2005), 79(1-2), 91-96. Publisher: Elsevier B.V.,
CODEN: MICJAN ISSN: 0026-265X. Journal written in English. CAN 142:238874 AN 2005:49160 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In the frame of a study aimed at investigating the transfer of metal contaminants through the food chain and the effects
of food processing, 5 elements, namely Cd, Pb, Fe, Ni and Cr, were accurately detd. in (i) durum wheat grain and
derived products, (ii) wheat-based ref. materials, (iii) drinking water, used both as an ingredient and for technol.
purposes in the investigated industrial process. Microwave closed vessel digestion was selected as the dissoln.
technique for solid samples, whereas water samples were acidified with ultrapure nitric acid and analyzed directly. As
several analytes had to be quantified at trace or ultratrace levels, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) was resorted to for anal. detns. Overall, this straightforward anal. approach enabled to detect the often small
changes in element concn. assocd. with the different technol. steps of processing. Nevertheless, detection of heavily
interfered elements, esp. Cr, as well as analyte quantification at ultratrace-level level in water, posed anal. challenges
that required suited anal. solns. Changes in the sample introduction system and complementary use of inductively
coupled plasma at. emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) straightforwardly overcame the difficulties in detg. the analytes in
the selected food matrixes. The benefits of ultrasonic nebulization in reducing the effects of problematic spectral
interferences were demonstrated. Overall, a robust and high-throughput anal. method was outlined.
Bibliographic Information
Batch and fed-batch cultivations of Spirulina platensis using ammonium sulphate and urea as nitrogen sources.
Soletto, D.; Binaghi, L.; Lodi, A.; Carvalho, J. C. M.; Converti, A. Department of Chemical and Process Engineering,
Genoa, Italy. Aquaculture (2005), 243(1-4), 217-224. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: AQCLAL ISSN: 00448486. Journal written in English. CAN 142:428808 AN 2004:1088525 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis is an attractive source of chlorophyll, a green pigment used in food,
pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, and other high-value cell components. Moreover, it can be easily and cheaply
recovered by filtration from the cultivation medium. In this work, the replacement of potassium nitrate with ammonium
sulfate (A) and urea (U) as cheaper nitrogen sources was investigated. Previous research work did in fact demonstrate
that urea has no effect on the final chlorophyll content of the cultures. Several batch and fed-batch protocols were
tested, modeled, and compared in this work for the first time. It was demonstrated that the kinetics of S. platensis
growth at 30 C, using urea as nitrogen source, can be comparable and even better than the kinetics achievable with the
classic nitrate-based culture media. Adoption of an appropriate slowly increasing urea feeding rate prevented the
153
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 accumulation of ammonia in the medium as well as its well-known inhibition of biomass growth; therefore, the use of
urea should be recognized as a possible way to decrease the costs of a large-scale plant for the prodn. of Spirulina
platensis.
Bibliographic Information
Effects of hypothyroidism and endocrine disruptor-dependent non-thyroidal illness syndrome on the GnRHgonadotroph axis of the adult male rat. Toni R; Della Casa C; Castorina S; Cocchi D; Celotti F Department of
Human Anatomy, School of Medicine, University of Parma, Parma, Italy. [email protected]
Journal of
endocrinological investigation (2005), 28(11 Suppl Proceedings), 20-7. Journal code: 7806594. ISSN:0391-4097.
(COMPARATIVE STUDY); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T);
General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 16760620 AN 2006359643 MEDLINE (Copyright (C)
2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Effects of primary hypothyroidism (HYPO) on the male gonadal axis are controversial, with only scanty data on the
gonadotroph cell response and no information on GnRH tuberoinfundibular neurons, even in animal models. HYPO
has been reported to variably induce hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, a hypergonadotropic state, or to have no effects
on basal levels of pituitary gonadotropins, both in adult male rats and humans. Similarly, the exogenous administration
of GnRH to HYPO rats and humans may increase or decrease gonadotropin secretion. Since inhibitory effects of
HYPO on the GnRH-gonadotropin axis are reversed by replacement with L-T4, it has been suggested that thyroid
hormone (TH) may regulate tuberoinfundibular GnRH and pituitary gonadotropin biosynthesis and/or secretion. To
shed light on this hypothesis, we conducted immunocytochemical studies on the distribution and immunostaining
characteristics of hypophysiotropic GnRH neurons, LH, PRL and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)
immunoreactive (IR) cells in the pituitary of adult, male rats. We show that HYPO reduces IR-GnRH in a restricted
population of tuberoinfundibular perikarya and their proximal axons compared to euthyroid controls, but increases IRVIP both in pituitary cells in direct association with LH-gonadotrophs and within IR-LH cells, itself. We propose that
VIP may serve as a juxtacrine/paracrine/autocrine regulator of LH secretion and that, when GnRH biosynthesis is
reduced by HYPO, gonadotropin secretion may be rescued by local activating effects of VIP. Polychlorinated
biphenyls (PCB), industry toxicants found in food and water, also have inhibitory effects on the gonadal axis,
decreasing fertility and suppressing basal and GnRHinduced LH release in male rats.
Since PCB may also exert endocrine disruptor-dependent (EDD) effects on the thyroid axis producing a non-thyroidal
illness syndrome (NTIS) (coined EDD-NTIS), we developed a rat model of EDD-NTIS to determine whether central
hypothyroidism may contribute to the pathophysiology of PCB-induced hypogonadism. On the basis of preliminary
animal data, we speculate that one of the mechanisms for Partial Androgen Deficiency of the Aging Male may involve
central hypothyroidism and EDD-NTIS, resulting in inhibition of the GnRH-gonadotroph axis.
Bibliographic Information
Characterization of carbons from olive cake by sorption of wastewater pollutants.
Cimino G; Cappello R M;
Caristi C; Toscano G Dipart. di Chimica organica e biologica, Universita degli Studi di Messina Salita Sperone 31,
98166 Messina, Italy. [email protected] Chemosphere (2005), 61(7), 947-55. Journal code: 0320657.
ISSN:0045-6535. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in
English.
PubMed ID 16257318 AN 2005578461
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of
Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Studies has been conducted to compare the sorption properties between raw carbons made from olive cake and
commercial activated carbons to remove aquatic pollutant such as heavy metal (HM), phenol (Ph),
dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid-sodium salt detergent (DBSNa) and methylene blue dye (MB). Effect of acidic treatments
by H2SO4, HCl and HNO3 on the sorption properties of olive cake carbon (OCC) were studied by mass titration, SEM
photographs, sorption isotherms. It is found that acidic treatment changes the surface properties of OCC but do not
enhance its sorption capacity. Compared to commercial activated carbons the OCC derivatives generally are equally
154
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 able to uptake HM and Ph from solution but MB and DBSNa are not. This different behaviour is to attribute to
manufacturing and activation treatments so as surface groups of the precursor sorbent material. For the heavy metals,
chromium and silver were removed effectively but to small extent cadmium. This may be because of the various charge
densities of metal elements tested. The results of the multiple experiments indicate that sorption of cadmium ions can
be significantly improved by the presence of complexing agents sorbed from the carbon. An empirical mathematical
form is proposed to correlate experimental data and to compare the performance of the different sorbent materials.
Bibliographic Information
The food safety management system.
Stecchini M L; Del Torre M Department of Food Science, University of
Udine, Udine, Italy. [email protected]
Veterinary research communications (2005), 29 Suppl 2 117-21.
Journal code: 8100520. ISSN:0165-7380. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW)
written in English. PubMed ID 16244936 AN 2005567727 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library
of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A comprehensive food safety strategy involves establishing risk management goals, food safety objectives and, for
production systems, performance objectives and performance criteria. The working instructions for each step of the
process should be validated for their effect before integration within a specific HACCP plan. The importance of
realistic inactivation models to predict the hygienic equivalence of food processing operations is discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Probabilistic models for food-borne disease risk assessment. Trevisani M; Rosmini R Department of Veterinary
Public Heath and Animal Pathology, Alma Mater University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. [email protected]
Veterinary research communications (2005), 29 Suppl 2 107-12. Journal code: 8100520. ISSN:0165-7380. Journal;
Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English.
PubMed ID 16244934 AN
2005567725 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Risk assessment is a tool used by manufacturers, governmental, or regulatory bodies to evaluate the safety of food
production systems and decide on strategies to protect consumers. This article presents a general approach to the use of
probabilistic models to assess the risk related to specific hazards in some categories of food. It discusses their value in
organising and analysing the scientific knowledge about the factors that most affect risk along the food production
chain, but also highlights the data gaps that currently hamper accurate risk assessment.
Bibliographic Information
Disease and health management in Asian aquaculture. Bondad-Reantaso Melba G; Subasinghe Rohana P; Arthur
J Richard; Ogawa Kazuo; Chinabut Supranee; Adlard Robert; Tan Zilong; Shariff Mohamed Fisheries Department,
Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, Vialle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy. [email protected]
Veterinary parasitology (2005), 132(3-4), 249-72. Journal code: 7602745. ISSN:0304-4017. Journal; Article;
(JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 16099592 AN 2005474059
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Asia contributes more than 90% to the world's aquaculture production. Like other farming systems, aquaculture is
plagued with disease problems resulting from its intensification and commercialization. This paper describes the
various factors, providing specific examples, which have contributed to the current disease problems faced by what is
now the fastest growing food-producing sector globally. These include increased globalization of trade and markets;
the intensification of fish-farming practices through the movement of broodstock, postlarvae, fry and fingerlings; the
introduction of new species for aquaculture development; the expansion of the ornamental fish trade; the enhancement
155
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 of marine and coastal areas through the stocking of aquatic animals raised in hatcheries; the unanticipated interactions
between cultured and wild populations of aquatic animals; poor or lack of effective biosecurity measures; slow
awareness on emerging diseases; the misunderstanding and misuse of specific pathogen free (SPF) stocks; climate
change; other human-mediated movements of aquaculture commodities. Data on the socio-economic impacts of aquatic
animal diseases are also presented, including estimates of losses in production, direct and indirect income and
employment, market access or share of investment, and consumer confidence; food availability; industry failures.
Examples of costs of investment in aquatic animal health-related activities, including national strategies, research,
surveillance, control and other health management programmes are also provided. Finally, the strategies currently
being implemented in the Asian region to deal with transboundary diseases affecting the aquaculture sector are
highlighted. These include compliance with international codes, and development and implementation of regional
guidelines and national aquatic animal health strategies; new diagnostic and therapeutic techniques and new information
technology;
new biosecurity measures including risk analysis, epidemiology, surveillance, reporting and planning for emergency
response to epizootics; targeted research; institutional strengthening and manpower development (education, training
and extension research and diagnostic services).
Bibliographic Information
Analysis of pulegone and its enanthiomeric distribution in mint-flavoured food products.
Siano F; Catalfamo
M; Cautela D; Servillo L; Castaldo D
Stazione Sperimentale per le Industrie delle Essenze e dei Derivati dagli
Agrumi, Via Gen. Tommasini 2, I-89127 Reggio Calabria, Italy
Food additives and contaminants (2005), 22(3),
197-203. Journal code: 8500474. ISSN:0265-203X. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 16019787 AN 2005362975
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A procedure for the extraction and determination of pulegone enanthiomers in mint essential oils and mint products
(syrups, dried leaves, toothpaste, lozenges, candy and chewing-gum) was developed. The compounds were recovered
from the food matrices by employing a simultaneous distillation-extraction (SDE) technique with a Likens-Nickerson
apparatus using dichloromethane as an extraction solvent. The analyses were performed by capillary gas
chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Experiments on food products spiked at different pulegone
concentrations showed recoveries ranging from 95 to 106%. The detection limit was about 5?mg?l(-1) for both
pulegone enanthiomers and good linearity was found in the concentration range 0.5-25?mg?l(-1). In a number of
repeated analyses, the pulegone peak height repeatability (RSD) was 0.2%. The pulegone enanthiomers were separated
and quantified by enanthioselective multidimensional gas chromatography. The results of analyses conducted on
essential mint oils and mint-flavoured food products are reported.
Bibliographic Information
Coagulase-positive Staphylococci and Staphylococcus aureus in food products marketed in Italy. Normanno G;
Firinu A; Virgilio S; Mula G; Dambrosio A; Poggiu A; Decastelli L; Mioni R; Scuota S; Bolzoni G; Di Giannatale E;
Salinetti A P; La Salandra G; Bartoli M; Zuccon F; Pirino T; Sias S; Parisi A; Quaglia N C; Celano G V Department
of Health and Animal Welfare, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Strada prov.le per Casamassima Km, 3-70010
Valenzano Bari, Italy. [email protected] International journal of food microbiology (2005), 98(1),
73-9. Journal code: 8412849. ISSN:0168-1605. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT,
NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 15617802 AN 2004642104 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008
U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Staphylococcus aureus is a very common organism capable of producing several enterotoxins (SEs) that cause
intoxication symptoms of varying intensity in humans when ingested through contaminated food. This paper reports the
results of an investigation on the presence of Coagulase-Positive Staphylococci (CPS) and S. aureus in several food
products marketed in Italy and on food contact surface swabs sampled from the food industry. A total of 11,384
156
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 samples were examined and 1971 of them (17.3%) were found to contain CPS. The assays performed on 541 CPS
strains led to the identification of 537 S. aureus strains on which characterization of type A, B, C and D staphylococcal
enterotoxins (SEA, SEB, SEC and SED) was performed. A total of 298 S. aureus strains (55.5%) produced one or more
SEs: 33.9% of the strains produced SEC, 26.5% SEA, 20.5% SEA+SED, 13.4% SED, 2.7% SEB, 1.7% SEA+SEB,
0.7% SEC+SED and 0.3% produced SEA+SEC and SEB+SEC. The investigation highlighted that these organisms are
very common and constitute a potential risk for consumers' health.
Bibliographic Information
Assessment of dietary intake of flavouring substances within the procedure for their safety evaluation:
advantages and limitations of estimates obtained by means of a per capita method.
Arcella D; Leclercq C
Human Nutrition Department, INRAN, National Research Institute for Food and Nutrition, Via Ardeatina 546, 00178
Rome, Italy
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological
Research Association (2005), 43(1), 105-16. Journal code: 8207483. ISSN:0278-6915. (COMPARATIVE STUDY);
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 15582202 AN
2004608795 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The procedure for the safety evaluation of flavourings adopted by the European Commission in order to establish a
positive list of these substances is a stepwise approach which was developed by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee
on Food Additives (JECFA) and amended by the Scientific Committee on Food. Within this procedure, a per capita
amount based on industrial poundage data of flavourings, is calculated to estimate the dietary intake by means of the
maximised survey-derived daily intake (MSDI) method. This paper reviews the MSDI method in order to check if it
can provide conservative intake estimates as needed at the first steps of a stepwise procedure. Scientific papers and
opinions dealing with the MSDI method were reviewed. Concentration levels reported by the industry were compared
with estimates obtained with the MSDI method. It appeared that, in some cases, these estimates could be orders of
magnitude (up to 5) lower than those calculated considering concentration levels provided by the industry and regular
consumption of flavoured foods and beverages. A critical review of two studies which had been used to support the
statement that MSDI is a conservative method for assessing exposure to flavourings among high consumers was
performed. Special attention was given to the factors that affect exposure at high percentiles, such as brand loyalty and
portion sizes. It is concluded that these studies may not be suitable to validate the MSDI method used to assess intakes
of flavours by European consumers due to shortcomings in the assumptions made and in the data used. Exposure
assessment is an essential component of risk assessment. The present paper suggests that the MSDI method is not
sufficiently conservative. There is therefore a clear need for either using an alternative method to estimate exposure to
flavourings in the procedure or for limiting intakes to the levels at which the safety was assessed.
84 references were found when refined by Publication Year "2003-2004"
Bibliographic Information
Public health issues related with the consumption of food obtained from genetically modified organisms.
Paparini, Andrea; Romano-Spica, Vincenzo.
University of Rome "Foro Italico" (IUSM), Rome, Italy.
Biotechnology Annual Review (2004), 10 85-122. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: BAREFD ISSN: 1387-2656.
Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 148:487633 AN 2008:144032 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) are a fact of modern agriculture and a major field of discussion in
biotechnol. As science incessantly achieves innovative and unexpected breakthroughs, new medical, political, ethical
and religious debates arise over the prodn. and consumption of transgenic organisms. Despite no described medical
condition being directly assocd. with a diet including approved GM crops in large exposed populations such as
157
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 300,000,000 Americans and a billion Chinese, public opinion seems to look at this new technol. with either growing
concern or even disapproval. It is generally recognized that a high level of vigilance is necessary and highly desirable,
but it should also be considered that GMOs are a promising new challenge for the III Millennium societies, with
remarkable impact on many disciplines and fields related to biotechnol. To acquire a basic knowledge on GMO prodn.,
GM-food consumption, GMO interaction with humans and environment is of primary importance for risk assessment.
It requires availability of clear data and results from rigorous expts. This review will focus on public health risks
related with a GMO-contg. diet. The objective is to summarize state of the art research, provide fundamental tech.
information, point out problems and perspectives, and make available essential tools for further research. Are GMO
based industries and GMO-derived foods safe to human health. Can we consider both social, ethical and public health
issues by means of a const. and effective monitoring of the food chain and by a clear, informative labeling of the
products. Which are the so far characterized or alleged hazards of GMOs. And, most importantly, are these hazards
actual, potential or merely contrived. Several questions remain open; answers and solns. belong to science, to politics
and to the personal opinion of each social subject.
Bibliographic Information
Device for crushing of organic or inorganic solids (excluding metals) contained in the domestic or industrial
liquid waste.
Stazio, Vinicio. (STA Co S.r.l., Italy).
Ital. Appl. (2003),
20pp. CODEN: ITXXCZ IT
2001RM0562 A1 20030314 Patent written in Italian. Application: IT 2001-562 20010914. Priority: . CAN
147:57600 AN 2007:693005 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 2001RM0562
Kind
A1
Priority Application
IT 2001-RM562
Date
20030314
Application No.
IT 2001-RM562
Date
20010914
20010914
Abstract
A crushing device for crushing nonmetallic org. or inorg. solids in domestic or industrial liq. waste is made from a
cylindrical container with a cover with an opening for feeding the material to be treated. The container is connected to
a closable drainage from a sink with and has a rotor with a set of crushing knives with spacers interposed between them
driven by an elec. motor. The drive shaft brings one inferior gear coupled to the rotor gear in such a way that the
rotation of the motor transmits to the crushing disks to it and puts the material in rotating motion moving it toward the
crushing disks so it is crushed and discharged through n opening in the bottom. Procedures to wash the container and to
prevent clogging of the drainage ways by the crushed material are also proposed.
Bibliographic Information
Process and unit for the production of synthesis gas from a charge consisted mostly of urban, agricultural
and/or industrial solid wastes and/or biomass by pyrolysis and gasification.
Russomanno, Francesco; Pochetti,
Fausto. (Airwater Engineering S.r.l., Italy). Ital. Appl. (2003), 52pp. CODEN: ITXXCZ IT 2001RM0577 A1
20030324 Patent written in Italian. Application: IT 2001-577 20010924. Priority: . CAN 146:209650 AN
2007:199759 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 2001RM0577
Priority Application
IT 2001-RM577
Kind
A1
Date
20030324
Application No.
IT 2001-RM577
20010924
158
Date
20010924
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
The process for the prodn. of synthesis gas from a charge consisted mostly of urban, agricultural, and/or industrial solid
wastes and/or biomass consists of the following stages: (a) drying the charge to be treated in order to eliminate the
interstitial water; (b) devolatilization-pyrolysis of the charge; (c) first phase of gasification of the heavy fractions of the
devolatilization-pyrolysis stage with return to the devolatilization-pyrolysis of the light gasified fractions and discarding
the ashes; and (d) further gasification of light fractions of the devolatilization-pyrolysis stage and light gasified fractions
of the first gasification. The unit for the prodn. of synthesis gas from a charge consisted mostly of urban, agricultural
and/or industrial solid wastes and/or biomass consists of two principal reactors and means for reheating the second
reactor, for feeding the charge to the drying and devolatilization-pyrolysis areas, and means for feeding the flow, mostly
gaseous, to the gasification area.
Bibliographic Information
Sintered stainless steels fatigue crack propagation under hydrogen charging conditions.
Iacoviello, F.; Di
Cocco, V. Di. M. S. A. T., Universita di Cassino, Cassino, Italy. Trends in Corrosion Research (2004), 3 23-39.
Publisher: Research Trends, CODEN: TCREFL ISSN: 0972-4826. Journal written in English. CAN 146:166868
AN 2006:473360 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Stainless steels are widely used in many fields such as chem., petrochem., food and nuclear industries and they are
characterized by phys., mech. and corrosion resistance properties that depend on the microstructure and phase
transformations: many intermetallic phases, carbides and nitrides ppt. at different tempering temps. In this work
hydrogen embrittlement mechanisms were reviewed, focusing the increasing of the fatigue crack growth rate as a
function both of the exptl. conditions and of the steels microstructure. Sintered stainless steels microstructure influence
on fatigue crack propagation both in air and under hydrogen charging condition was investigated. Six different sintered
stainless steels were considered and an extensive SEM (scanning electron microscope) fracture surface anal. was
performed.
Bibliographic Information
Micelle of vegetable origin with high synergistic antioxidant and radical scavenging activities.
Anselmi,
Cecilia; Andreassi, Marco; Centini, Marisanna; Maffei Facino, Roberto; Carini, Marina. (Universita' degli Studi di
Siena, Italy). Ital. (2003),
34 pp. CODEN: ITXXBY IT 1317105 B1 20030526 Patent written in Italian.
Application: IT 2000-223 20001109. Priority: . CAN 143:234958 AN 2005:986177 CAPLUS (Copyright (C)
2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 1317105
IT 2000FI0223
Priority Application
IT 2000-FI223
Kind
B1
A1
Date
20030526
20020509
Application No.
IT 2000-FI223
Date
20001109
20001109
Abstract
An invention involving a micelle contg. phenolic and polyphenolic compds. obtained from olive oil extns. The
phenolic compds. have antioxidant and radical scavenging activities which are useful in the food, pharmaceutical and
cosmetic industries. The micelle has synergistic antioxidant activity.
159
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
A study on PCB, PCDD/PCDF industrial contamination in an urban/agricultural area. Part II: Animal
matrices.
La Rocca, Cinzia; Alivernini, Silvia; Battistelli, Chiara; Carasi, Sergio; Casella, Marialuisa; Fochi, Igor;
Iacovella, Nicola; Iamiceli, Anna Laura; Indelicato, Annamaria; Mariani, Alessandro; Scarcella, Carmelo; TurrioBaldassarri, Luigi.
Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy.
Organohalogen Compounds (2004), 66(Dioxin
2004), 1989-1995. Publisher: International Symposium on Halogenated Environmental Organic Pollutants and
Persistent Organic Pollutants, CODEN: ORCOEP ISSN: 1026-4892. Journal; Computer Optical Disk written in
English. CAN 144:253019 AN 2005:701340 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The concn. of 17 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) of the 4 non-ortho-substituted
polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB 77, PCB 126, PCB 169 and PCB 81), of other 60 PCB congeners (including 8 monoortho congeners) were detd. in samples of bovine perirenal fat, liver and milk from cattle grazing in the contaminated
area and belonging to small farms located near the industrial area. PCDD and PCDF levels for all the matrixes are
significantly higher than the EU limits of 3 pgTE/g of lipid for meat from ruminants, 6 pgTE/g of lipid for liver and 3
pgTE/g of lipid for milk. The overall congener PCDD and PCDF profiles of each matrix were generally const. over
different farms. For liver, OCDD was the most abundant congener, followed by 2,3,4,7,8-pentaCDF and 1,2,3,4,7,8,hexaCDF (from 40 to 60% with respect to the most abundant congener), and 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,-heptaCDD (25-30%). For
both perirenal fat and milk, 2,3,4,7,8-pentaCDF is the most abundant congener, followed by 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexaCDF (from
50 to 80% with respect to the most abundant congener), and 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexaCDF and OCDD (.apprx.20%). Most of
the farms display levels of dioxin-like PCBs 10-fold higher than the European limits for PCDDs and PCDFs.
Moreover, the dioxin-like PCB contribution to toxic equiv. concn. is greatly prevailing over the dioxin one. The 126
congener is by far the major single contributor. These findings seem to confirm that PCBs are the source of the
contamination.
Bibliographic Information
Pectin methylesterase (PME) activity and its control in plant cells.
Giovane, Alfonso; Servillo, Luigi; Gagliardi,
Antonietta; Ciardiello, Maria Antonietta; D'Anvino, Rossana; Camardella, Laura.
Dipartimento di Biochimica e
Biofisica, Seconda Universita di Napoli, Naples, Italy.
Essenze, Derivati Agrumari (2004), 74(3), 113-119.
Publisher: Stazione Sperimentale per lÏIndustria delle Essenze e dei Derivati Agrumari, CODEN: EDAGAH ISSN:
0014-0902. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN 143:302418
AN 2005:267182
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. PME is present in plants and phytopathogenic microorganisms (bacteria and fungi); it is the first enzyme
acting on pectin which thereafter can be degraded by glycosidases. PME is present in plants in several isoforms
encoded by a multigene family; 67 PME-related genes have been identified in Arabidopsis plant genome. Regulation of
plant PME occurs through differential expression of isoforms in different tissues and developmental stages.
Identification of a proteinaceous inhibitor (PMEI) specific for plant PME isoforms suggests the existence of a posttranslational control mechanism. PMEI has been biochem. identified so far only in kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis).
Two gene sequences from Arabidopsis cloned and expressed in a heterologous system have produced proteins with
PMEI activity. The kiwi PMEI primary structure anal. has identified a structural motif consisting of 4 cysteine residues
linked by 2 disulfide bridges, first to second and third to fourth. This structural motif is also found in other plant
proteins acting as inhibitors of invertase, which have different target enzymes. PMEI may have interesting biotechnol.
significance and applications in food industry as inhibitors of endogenous PME, as PME may be responsible for phase
sepn. and cloudiness loss in fruit juice manufg.
Bibliographic Information
Chemometrics.
Forina, Michele; Lanteri, Silvia; Casolino, Chiara.
160
University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
Food
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Science and Technology (New York, NY, United States) (2004), 138(Handbook of Food Analysis, Volume 3), 17571804. Publisher: Marcel Dekker, Inc., CODEN: FSTEEM ISSN: 0891-8961. Journal; General Review written in
English. CAN 143:77004 AN 2005:242626 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review discussing the tools and validation procedures of chemometrics, and chemometric techniques and describes
some of the computer packages with chemometrical characterization for food industry.
Bibliographic Information
Potential application of electronic nose in processed animal proteins (PAP) detection in feedstuffs.
Campagnoli, Anna; Pinotti, Luciano; Tognon, Gianluca; Cheli, Federica; Baldi, Antonella; Dell'Orto, Vittorio.
Department of Veterinary Sciences and Technology for Food Safety, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement (2004), 8(4), 253-255. Publisher: Bibliotheque de la Faculte
Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques de Gembloux, CODEN: BASEFI ISSN: 1370-6233. Journal written in
English. CAN 143:284945 AN 2005:194807 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Electronic nose and olfactometry techniques represent a modern anal. approach in food industry since they could
potentially improve quality and safety of food processing. The aim of this study was to evaluate possible application of
electronic nose in PAP detection and recognition in feed. For this purpose 6 ref. feedstuffs (CRA-W / UE
STRATFEED Project) were used. The basis of the test samples was a compd. feed for bovine fortified with processed
animal proteins (PAP) consisting of meat and bone meal (MBM) and/or fish meal at different concns. Each feed
sample was tested in glass vials and the odor profile was detd. by the ten MOS (metal oxide semi-conductor) sensors of
the electronic nose. Ten different descriptors, representing each ten sensors of electronic nose, were used to
characterize the odor of each sample. In the present study, electronic nose was able to discriminate the blank sample
from all other samples contg. PAP (MBM, fish meal or both). Samples contg. either 0.5% of MBM or 5% of fish meal
were identified, while samples contg. a high fish meal content (5%) assocd. with a low MBM content (0.5%) were not
discriminated from samples contg. solely fish meal at that same high level (5%). This latter indicates that probably the
high fish meal level, in samples contg. both MBM and fish meal, tended to mask MBM odor. It was also evident that
two odor descriptors were enough to explain 72.12% of total variability in odor pattern. In view of these results, it
could be suggested that electronic nose and olfactometry techniques can provide an interesting approach for screening
raw materials in feed industry, even though further studies using a wider set of samples are needed.
Bibliographic Information
Bioremediation of food industry effluents. Recent applications of free and immobilised polyphenoloxidases.
Chiacchierini, E.; Restuccia, D.; Vinci, G. Department of Control and Management of Goods and their Impact on the
Environment, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy. Food Science and Technology International (London, United
Kingdom) (2004), 10(6), 373-382. Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd., CODEN: FSTIFZ ISSN: 1082-0132. Journal;
General Review written in English. CAN 143:31263 AN 2005:161862 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Enzymes are specific biol. catalysts able to react under mild conditions of temp. and pH and their use in food
industry for bioremediation is well known. Research in recent years was intense, much of it elicited by the great no. of
different exploitable enzymes. Employment of enzymes in many bioremediation processes is made to protect the
environment from damage caused by industrial polluting effluents. In particular, the food industry is one of the most
important sectors among the manufg. industries as far as prodn. values are concerned; indeed, food industry processes
involve large amts. of water and contribute to pollution loads discharged into water resources. In particular the
presence of phenols in agroindustrial effluents has attracted interest for laccases and tyrosinases use in wastewater
treatment and bioremediation. The presence of phenolic compds. in drinking and irrigation water or in cultivated land
161
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 represents a significant health and/or environmental hazard and, therefore, the development of methods for their
removal and transformation have received increased attention in recent years. The most recent results dealing with the
fundamental and applied aspects of free and immobilized polyphenoloxidases for food industry wastewater processing
were presented.
Bibliographic Information
Lactic acid bacteria, an example of industrial microorganisms turning into biological model systems.
Ricca,
Ezio; Baccigalupi, Loredana; Naclerio, Gino; Varcamonti, Mario; de Felice, Maurilio.
Dipartimento di Fisiologia
Generale ed Ambientale, Universita Federico II, Naples, Italy.
Recent Research Developments in Bacteriology
(2003), 1 311-330. Publisher: Transworld Research Network, CODEN: RRDBHR Journal; General Review written
in English. CAN 142:388744 AN 2005:111958 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. In the second half of 19th century a no. of scientists discovered that the natural conversion of raw materials
such as milk, meat and vegetables into fermented food was due to the activity of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB). Since
then the metabolic activities of LAB, such as the ability to efficiently convert sugar into acids and other flavor compds.
responsible for the attributes that make fermented foods so attractive to consumers, were widely exploited by the food
industry. More recently, the observation that LAB constitute a significant part of the human microflora originated the
concept that the metab. of these microorganisms may contribute to the maintenance of intestinal health, thus making
LAB of interest also for pharmaceutical companies. This strong and growing biotechnol. interest has oriented many
scientists towards the study of LAB biol., thus bringing to the development of specific genetic tools and to the
identification of peculiar biol. mechanisms that, over the years, have converted some LAB species into model systems
to address complex biol. issues.
Bibliographic Information
Qualitative and quantitative characteristics of lemon juice concentrate obtained by osmotic distillation.
Romano, Raffaele; Schiavo, Lorena; Iavarazzo, Ernesto; Battaglia, Angela; Cassano, Alfredo.
Dipartimento di
Scienza degli alimenti, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Portici-Na, Italy.
Industrie delle Bevande
(2004), 33(194), 529-532. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: INBEEW ISSN: 0390-0541. Journal written in
Italian. CAN 143:228222 AN 2005:45315 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Lemon juice conc. is used in food industry for the prodn. of fruit juices, beverages, and confectionery products. During
the concn. process the water is usually removed by heat-induced evapn. This procedure can alter the levels of some
juice components, such as citric acid, ascorbic acid, sugars, and many volatile org. compds., important for the lemon
juice sensory properties. This work proposes the use of cold osmotic distn. to produce concd. juice from peeled lemon
byproduct of lemon liquor manuf. The osmotic distn. involves dehydration of the juice by 40% CaCl2 soln. sepd. by
microporous hydrophobic polypropylene membrane (pores 0.03 m; Celgard); the process theor. involves juice water
evapn., vapor passage through the membrane, and condensation in the CaCl2 soln. Samples of juice from manually
squeezed peeled lemons were concd. for 4 h by heat/vacuum evapn. (40 C) and by osmotic distn. (20 C) to resulting
sol. solid levels of 25 and 40 Brix, resp. The juice color and levels of pH, total acidity (as citric acid), vitamin C,
glucose, fructose, sucrose, and volatiles (limonene, camphene, D-3-carene) were detd. before and after the concn.
processing. The data indicated the feasibility of using osmotic distn. for lemon juice concn. processing to obtain
product with superior quality.
Bibliographic Information
Effect of concentration process on non-enzymic browning of lemon juice.
Arcoleo, Gioacchina; Costanzo,
Antonella; Pusateri, Umberto. Dipartimento di Ingegneria e Tecnologie Agro-Forestali-Settore Industrie, Universita
degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, Italy. Industrie delle Bevande (2004), 33(193), 442-446. Publisher: Chiriotti
Editori spa, CODEN: INBEEW ISSN: 0390-0541. Journal written in Italian.
CAN 143:171580
AN
162
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 2004:1148960
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The non-enzymic browning of lemon juice due to industrial thermal concn. (evapn.) process was studied. Juice samples
were taken at the inlet and outlet of the evapn. unit. Primary quality parameters (refraction index, total acidity, total
amino acids, L-ascorbic acid, reflectance) were detd. The results showed decreased L*, b* and C* and increased a* and
arctan (b*/a*) values in juices reconstituted from concs. compared to natural juices. No significant changes in ascorbic
acid levels were found.
Bibliographic Information
Filter press with automatic discharge of the separated solids.
Bartalucci, Piero. (Diemme S.P.A., Italy). PCT
Int. Appl. (2004), 21 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2004110588 A1 20041223 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL,
AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG,
ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA,
MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SY,
TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY,
DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD,
TG. Patent written in English. Application: WO 2004-EP5809 20040526. Priority: IT 2003-57 20030606. CAN
142:58825 AN 2004:1127225 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2004110588
WO 2004110588
Kind
A1
B1
EP 1628731
A1
Priority Application
IT 2003-RE57
WO 2004-EP5809
A
W
Date
Application No.
Date
20041223
WO 2004-EP5809
20040526
20050303
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH,
CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD,
GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK,
LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NI,
NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SY, TJ,
TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: BW, GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, NA, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM,
AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK,
EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK,
TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD,
TG
20060301
EP 2004-739440
20040526
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
FI, RO, CY, TR, BG, CZ, EE, HU, PL, SK
20030606
20040526
Abstract
A filter press is described comprising 2 side-by-side vertical plates provided with resp. filter cloths and movable in a
horizontal direction to assume a first configuration in which they are clamped together to define a filtration chamber
between the cloths, and a second configuration in which they are spaced apart to enable the accumulated material to be
discharged. The cloths have a vertical dimension at least double the corresponding dimension of the plates and are
supported by a slider arranged to move in level between a raised position in which the lower portions of the cloths lie
between the plates, and a lowered position in which the lower portions are disposed below the plates and spaced apart
163
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 by the action of resp. deviation and gliding elements positioned facing the lower edges of the plates.
Bibliographic Information
Hygienic monitoring of surface air.
Guenzi, Silivia. Italy. Laboratorio 2000 (2004), 18(5), 78-87. Publisher:
Morgan Edizioni Tecniche, CODEN: LABOE4 ISSN: 1120-8376. Journal written in Italian. CAN 143:132210
AN 2004:1078903 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A method, based on the use of a stopper, for indicating work surface hygienic conditions within minutes was presented.
The method involves a bioluminescence kit to detect protein residues, a stopper and an agar slide.
Bibliographic Information
Drinking water: analytical and management problems.
Alava, Fausto. Servizi Idrici Integrati, Grippo BAS
Bergamo, Italy. Laboratorio 2000 (2004), 18(4), 28-35. Publisher: Morgan Edizioni Tecniche, CODEN: LABOE4
ISSN: 1120-8376. Journal written in Italian. CAN 144:10962 AN 2004:1074321 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The paper discusses a new Italian Directive related to water destined for the consumption by humans, which considers
all waters, treated or nontreated, utilized for drinking water, culinary purposes, food prepn., or other domestic uses, as
well as waters intended for food industry enterprises producing treating, conserving, and delivering products for human
consumption to market. Some anal. and management problems are presented, and their relation to labs. of the water
system firms and those assocd. with the food industry is considered.
Bibliographic Information
Solid impurities in sugar crystals.
Marin, P. Ch. S. Stabilimento di Ostellato, Italy. Industria Saccarifera
Italiana (2004), 97(4), 159-166. Publisher: Associazione Nazionale fra i Tecnici dello Zucchero e dellÏAlcole,
CODEN: INSIAN ISSN: 0019-7734. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN 143:58640
AN
2004:1052383 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The purity of the std. sugar (sucrose) produced in Italy is 99.94%; its quality largely guarantees its food
safety. The market, esp. beverage market, calls for cryst. sugar product with very low content of solid impurities. It is
important to know the origin of sugar impurities to avoid their presence in sugar crystals. The insol. matter in sugar
crystals may iron and iron rust particles from the manufg. equipment, plastic fragments from conveyors, sand and
cement from the floors, ion exchange resin fragments, filter aids, dust from the air, microcrystals of calcium salts
(oxalate, sulfate, carbonate), and colloids and biol. oligomers present due to insufficient sugar beet juice preliming. The
solid impurities are responsible for turbidity of sugar solns. There are 2 main methods for the detn. of the sugar soln.
turbidity. Calcium salts have an important role in the formation of insol. compds. In low-purity boiling conditions the
Ca salts can ppt. and be included in the growing crystals and reach the refining stage. Filtration of refinery syrups
allows to obtain sugar that meets the food industry stds.; bag filters with synthetic fibers (without pressure) or wire
mesh filters (limited size, operating pressure 3 bar). These filters permit removal of particles 50-100 m in diam. As
Ca salt microcrystals 10-20 m in diam. are also present, it is necessary to use filters to reach low levels of insolubles.
Overall, the best way to minimize the amt. of solid impurities is the adoption of most suitable processing schemes.
Bibliographic Information
Proteomic characterization of a wild-type wine strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Trabalzini, Lorenza;
Paffetti, Alessandro; Ferro, Elisa; Scaloni, Andrea; Talamo, Fabio; Millucci, Lia; Martelli, Paola; Santucci, Annalisa.
164
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Dipartimento di Biologia Molecolare, Universita' degli Studi di Siena, Siena, Italy. Italian Journal of Biochemistry
(2003), 52(4), 145-153. Publisher: Biomedia, CODEN: IJBIAC ISSN: 0021-2938. Journal written in English.
CAN 142:214958 AN 2004:1051212 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
S. cerevisiae is the optimal eukaryotic model system to study mammalian biol. responses. At the same time S.
cerevisiae is also widely utilized as a biotechnol. tool in the food industry. Enol. S. cerevisiae strains have been so far
routinely analyzed for their microbiol. aspects. Nevertheless, wine yeasts are gaining an increasing interest in the last
years, since they strongly affect both the vinification process and the organoleptic properties of the final product wine.
The protein repertoire is responsible of such features and, consequently, 2D-PAGE can be an useful tool to evaluate and
select optimal wine yeast strains. We present here the 1st proteomic map of a wild-type wine S. cerevisiae strain
selected for the guided fermn. of very high quality wines.
Bibliographic Information
Energy recovery from industrial waste of a confectionery plant by means of BIGFC plant.
Lunghi, P.;
Burzacca, R. Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy. Energy (Amsterdam,
Netherlands) (2004), 29(12-15), 2601-2617. Publisher: Elsevier B.V., CODEN: ENEYDS ISSN: 0360-5442.
Journal written in English.
CAN 143:100248
AN 2004:1034896
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The search of environment friendly solns. for waste management, along with increasing costs and recent regulations on
waste disposal, leads toward the recovery of energy and requires research activities related to plant definition and
thermo-economic comparison. On the other hand, energy recovery from waste has never been an easy task. The high
pollutant level in waste combustion gases requires low max. temps. in thermodn. cycles thus affecting the efficiency of
the "heat to electricity" conversion process. The recent progress of high temp. fuel cells seems to bring a significant
change in this scenario, thanks to the feasible combination with advanced gasification systems. A thermo-economic
comparison of different solns. for energy recovery from industrial waste is reported, considering an advanced dual bed
gasification-MCFC integrated plant. The soln. has been applied to a confectionery plant. Even if this system seems to
promise high thermodn. efficiency, a lot of effort in research is necessary for tech. anal. of the advanced plant open
issues and for the thermo-economic evaluation of potential advantage over consolidated systems. The thermodn. anal.
has been conducted interfacing Aspen+ flowsheets developed with the integration of a proprietary numerical code. The
definition of a complex plan of costs would have been presumptuous at this stage of the development; therefore, a
reverse economic approach has been used and is suggested by the authors; a specific solver has been implemented for
this purpose. An extensive survey of the confectionery plant has been conducted considering the present energy system,
the current supplies, and the trends of the required energy needs. The results show that the proposed advanced energy
system can represent a valid soln. for both industrial waste management and for integration in energy supply.
Bibliographic Information
Purification of cations.
Pizzichini, Massimo; Russo, Claudio; Di Meo, Chiara; Ballista, Enrico; Martella, Carlo.
ENEA Unita Tecnico Scientifica BIOTEC, C.R., Casaccia, Roma, Italy. Industria della Carta (2004), 42(7), 70-81.
Publisher: Promotec System, CODEN: ICAMA4 ISSN: 0019-7548. Journal written in Italian. CAN 143:12499
AN 2004:1007622 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In Italy the pulp and paper industry shows a relevant prodn. of about 8,6 ton year-1 of fine paper and packaging
specialties. Many paper industries use waste paper as raw materials instead of native cellulose coming from plants. In
this process, the liq. wastes coming from the process prodn. shows a higher environmental load. As well known, the
water consumption in the paper industry is still high, (20-30 L/kg of fine paper) because the biol. treated water is not
suitable for the reuse as feed water. For this purpose the final waste coming from a Lucart Industry, sited in Lucca-
165
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Tuscany, are cleaned by different membrane technologies. In fact, specific sepn. tests were performed in pilot scale
processes, using a feed vol. of 200-350 L per single batch. The membrane sepns., in particular microfiltration (MF),
ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO), were tested in different process conditions, in order to optimize the
process. Good sepns. performances were obtained with MF ceramic membrane, having a cut-off of 0,14 mm, that
assures a productivity of 150-200 L m-2 h-1 and a low fouling index. The MF retentate stream, that contains cellulose
microfibers, is purified in biol. cleaners, and the permeate is further purified with RO process. In this manner a very
purified water is obtained, having a COD < 30 ppm of O2, TOC = 1 ppm, an elec. cond. of 75 mS cm-1, a total
dissolved solid in the range of 5 to 25 ppm, and a zero total suspended solid. This paper shows the possibility to
recover and reuse about 85% of purified water, coming from rough wastewater.
Bibliographic Information
Method for the treatment of an oily fluid substance.
Tavaniello, Giovanni; Capacci, Davide; Fusaroli, Roberto.
(Tecofil Srl, Italy).
PCT Int. Appl. (2004),
14 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2004098746 A1 20041118
Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU,
CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ,
LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO,
RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW.
Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF,
CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent written in English. Application: WO 2004-IB1404 20040423.
Priority: IT 2003-14 20030509. CAN 141:412959 AN 2004:996029 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2004098746
Kind
A1
Priority Application
IT 2003-RA14
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20041118
WO 2004-IB1404
20040423
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH,
CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD,
GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK,
LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NI,
NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SY, TJ,
TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: BW, GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ,
BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE,
ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK,
TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD,
TG
20030509
Abstract
A method is described for treatment of an oily fluid, suitable for vegetable oils such as olive oil in the food industry,
comprising feeding an oily fluid under pressure to a filtration station provided with filter plates. The residual oily paste
is subjected to squeezing by expansion of the plate membranes.
Bibliographic Information
Oxidative degradation of food dye E133 Brilliant Blue FCF liquid chromatography-electrospray mass
spectrometry identification of the degradation pathway.
Gosetti, F.; Gianotti, V.; Angioi, S.; Polati, S.; Marengo,
E.; Gennaro, M. C. Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali e della Vita, Universita del Piemonte Orientale "Amedeo
Avogadro", Alessandria, Italy. Journal of Chromatography, A (2004), 1054(1-2), 379-387. Publisher: Elsevier
166
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 B.V., CODEN: JCRAEY ISSN: 0021-9673. Journal written in English.
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
CAN 142:37111
AN 2004:869047
Abstract
This paper is devoted to the evaluation of the degrdn. pathway of the E133 Brilliant Blue FCF (C.I. 42090) that is
largely used in the food industry. The degrdn. is studied in oxidn. conditions obtained by addn. of potassium persulfate
at different persulfate to dye molar ratios under natural sunlight irradn. The degrdn. pathway of the dye passes through
a species colored in dark blue and then gives rise to uncolored species. Due to the low volatility and the poor thermal
stability of the dye, reversed-phase liq. chromatog. assocd. to mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry was
employed to follow the kinetics of degrdn. and identify some intermediates. The identification of org. species still
present in the decolored dye and the value of COD obtained in these conditions show evidence that complete
decolorization does not correspond to complete mineralization. No direct information of toxicity is available for the
uncolored degrdn. products but the further formation of arom. amines can not be excluded.
Bibliographic Information
Synthesis of chitosan-cyclodextrin adducts and evaluation of their bitter-masking properties.
Binello,
Arianna; Cravotto, Giancarlo; Nano, Gian Mario; Spagliardi, Paola.
Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del
Farmaco, Universita di Torino, Turin, Italy. Flavour and Fragrance Journal (2004), 19(5), 394-400. Publisher:
John Wiley & Sons Ltd., CODEN: FFJOED ISSN: 0882-5734. Journal written in English. CAN 143:6534 AN
2004:811813 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Finding new taste modifiers, particularly bitter-taste blockers (BTBs), is an important goal for pharmaceutical and food
industries. Although BTBs have been much sought after, only a few possess a wide spectrum of activity. The authors
prepd., on a gram scale, several macromol. adducts in which - and -CDs are linked to chitosan through succinyl or
maleyl bridges. Their bitterness-masking power was evaluated on caffeine and bitter natural exts. (artichoke leaves,
aloe and gentian) by a panel test using serial caffeine concns. as a ref. scale. The -CD-chitosan adduct showed the
highest efficacy and the bitterness attenuation was statistically significant.
Bibliographic Information
Development of polythene films for food packaging activated with an antilisterial bacteriocin from Lactobacillus
curvatus 32Y.
Mauriello, G.; Ercolini, D.; La Storia, A.; Casaburi, A.; Villani, F. Dipartimento di Scienza degli
Alimenti, Universita degli Studi di Napoli 'Federico II', Naples, Italy. Journal of Applied Microbiology (2004),
97(2), 314-322. Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., CODEN: JAMIFK ISSN: 1364-5072. Journal written in
English. CAN 142:409926 AN 2004:726693 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The aims of this work were to. (i) use a bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus curvatus 32Y active against Listeria
monocytogenes to activate polythene films by different methods,. (ii) implement a large-scale process for antilisterial
polythene films prodn. and. (iii) verify the efficacy of the developed films in inhibiting the growth of L.
monocytogenes during the storage of meat products. The film was made active by using the antilisterial bacteriocin
32Y by Lact. curvatus with three different procedures: soaking, spraying and coating. The antimicrobial activity of the
activated films was tested in plate assays against the indicator strain L. monocytogenes V7. All the used procedures
yielded active polythene films although the quality of the inhibition was different. The coating was therefore employed
to develop active polythene films in an industrial plant. The antimicrobial activity of the industrially produced films
was tested in expts. of food packaging involving pork steak and ground beef contaminated by L. monocytogenes V7 at
roughly 103 CFU cm-2 and gram resp. The results of the challenge tests showed the highest antimicrobial activity after
24 h at 4 C, with a decrease of about 1 log of the L. monocytogenes population. Antimicrobial packaging can play an
important role in reducing the risk of pathogen development, as well as extending the shelf life of foods. Studies of new
food-grade bacteriocins as preservatives and development of suitable systems of bacteriocin treatment of plastic films
167
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 for food packaging are important issues in applied microbiol. and biotechnol., both for implementing and improving
effective hurdle technologies for a better preservation of food products.
Bibliographic Information
Membrane separations for process intensification and sustainable growth.
Drioli, Enrico; di Profio, Gianluca;
Fontananova, Enrica. Research Institute on Membrane Technology, ITM-CNR, University of Calabria, Arcavacata
di Rende, Italy. Proceedings - World Filtration Congress, 9th, New Orleans, LA, United States, Apr. 18-24, 2004
(2004), Meeting Date 2004, 1-22. Publisher: American Filtration and Separations Society, Houston, Tex CODEN:
69FQIG Conference; General Review; Computer Optical Disk written in English.
CAN 141:227397
AN
2004:708573 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The application of membrane technologies in drinking water prodn., wastewater treatment, food industry,
biotechnol., medicine, chem. industry, and in fuel cells is presented as a contribution for sustainable growth.
Bibliographic Information
Food colorants between nature and chemistry. Use of natural colored extracts in foods.
Carinelli, Luigi;
Acquati, Carlo. Biochim Srl, Milan, Italy. Chimica e l'Industria (Milan, Italy) (2004), 86(2), 50-55. Publisher:
Editrice Bias Sas, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN
141:409941 AN 2004:667740 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Natural colors have been mainly used in textile and food industry. The discovery of artificial and synthetic
colorants greatly decreased the uses of natural colors in textile products. Natural products continue to be used in foods,
where the safety and toxicity aspects are of great importance. The natural colorants have become a marketing niche
product. There are signs of revival in the natural colorants market due to increasing attention to more friendly food
ingredients and more genuine foods. New scientific data suggest to use some products, formerly used only as colorants,
also as ingredients with addnl. (secondary) nutritional properties. Legislative aspects, advantages and disadvantages of
natural colorants, and properties of common natural colorants (anthocyanins, flavonoids, carotenoids, chlorophyll,
carmine, curcumin, Carthamus ext., beet ext., red sandalwood ext., caramel) are discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Detection of allergens in food: Basic concept, regulations and analytical methods.
Carlbon, E.; Pellelierey, O.;
Villa, C.; Saly, A. Biolab SpA, Vimodrone-Mi, Italy. Ingredienti Alimentari (2004), 3(3), 12-21. Publisher:
Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: IANLBJ ISSN: 1594-0543. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN
141:409940 AN 2004:644414 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Food allergens are an important health problem in industrialized countries, including Europe. Recently a
European regulation has been approved. There are anal. methods available for the identification of main food allergens,
which can be used by the food industry and consumers. The basic concepts for the problem understanding, current
European regulations, and std. anal. methods with their limitations and advantages are discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Truffles decontamination treatment by ionizing radiation.
Adamo, M.; Capitani, D.; Mannina, L.; Cristinzio,
M.; Ragni, P.; Tata, A.; Coppola, R. ENEA, Advanced Physics Technologies Unit, Rome, Italy. Radiation Physics
and Chemistry (2004), 71(1-2), 167-170. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd., CODEN: RPCHDM ISSN: 0969-806X. Journal
written in English. AN 2004:642841 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
168
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
A research project, funded by the Italian Ministry of Research and the European Union, is in progress aimed to develop
processes to enhance, by irradn., the safety and the wholesomeness of fresh products relevant for Italian food industry.
Irradn. was performed on truffles, since the bacterial contamination impairs their trade in foreign countries. The
microbial population and the shelf life under refrigeration were studied either on samples untreated or on samples
submitted to -rays in a 1-2.5 kGy dose range. The effect of the treatment was monitored by UV and NMR techniques.
Total microbial population and the shelf life prolongation were investigated. The synergistic effect of the dose, the
packaging under vacuum and the storage/irradn. temp. resulted in a direct effect on the microbial load, spoilage and
shelf life. After the irradn., small variations in the intensity of some NMR resonances due to arom. compds. and other
unassigned compds. were obsd. As confirmed by UV spectrophotometric data, these phenomena seemed to originate
from a small degrdn. of polyphenols; the induced growth of sol. phenols suggested that the 1.5 kGy dose can be
considered as the radiation dose threshold beyond which clear chem. modifications on truffles appear.
Bibliographic Information
Inhibiting enzymatic activity with UV irradiation or treating with ozone, application to puree and juice
production.
Cataldo, Franco. (Bertocchi S.R.L., Italy). PCT Int. Appl. (2004), 21 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO
2004063367 A1 20040729 Designated States W: AE. Patent written in English. Application: WO 2004-IB88
20040115. Priority: IT 2003-14 20030115. CAN 141:139618 AN 2004:606546 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2004063367
Kind
A1
EP 1585818
A1
US 20060147589
A1
Priority Application
IT 2003-RM14
WO 2004-IB88
A
W
Date
Application No.
Date
20040729
WO 2004-IB88
20040115
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH,
CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD,
GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK,
LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ
20051019
EP 2004-702371
20040115
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR, BG, CZ, EE, HU, SK
20060706
US 2005-542111
20051115
20030115
20040115
Abstract
The present invention describes methods suitable for inhibiting enzymic activity in biochem. industry, wherein general
enzymic reactions have to be controlled, and esp. in food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical industries. In particular, but not
exclusively, the invention relates to a process for inhibiting enzymic activity during the prodn. of puree and juice food.
According to preferred embodiments of the invention, radiating with UV waves or treating with ozone or the
combination of the two treatments allows denaturing enzymes and then inhibiting the enzymic activity in food
substrates at room temp. The advantage of working at room temp. implies less energy absorption since for example
fruit juice must not any more be heated and cooled as the traditional techniques require. Furthermore, the treatments
proposed with the present invention, acting at a temp. less than 60 C, and preferably at room temp., do not affect the
characteristics, vitamins and fragrances of the treated food substrates. In order to show the effectiveness of inhibiting
enzymic activity according to the invention, fission of saccharose into two components i.e. glucose and fructose,
commonly referred to as sugar inversion, by invertase is selected as model enzymic reaction and the effect is studied of
phys. treating (UV irradn.) or chem. treating (treatment with ozone) std. saccharose solns. in particular the reaction of
169
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 saccharose inversion.
Bibliographic Information
Photocatalytic degradation of dyes by using a membrane reactor.
Molinari, R.; Pirillo, F.; Falco, M.; Loddo, V.;
Palmisano, L. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica e dei Materiali, via P. Bucci, Cubo 45a, Universita della Calabria,
Rende, Italy. Chemical Engineering and Processing (2004), 43(9), 1103-1114. Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V.,
CODEN: CENPEU ISSN: 0255-2701. Journal written in English. CAN 141:161616 AN 2004:543093 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Dyes are org. compds. used in textile, food and drug industries, and their abatement represents one of the main
problems in the treatment processes because generally they are very stable toxic compds. In this work, two com. azodyes, i.e. Congo Red and Patent Blue were degraded in a photocatalytic membrane reactor using TiO2 Degussa P25 as
the catalyst. Different system configurations and irradiating sources were studied, and the influence of some
operational parameters such as the pressure in the membrane cell and the initial concn. of the substrates was detd. A
comparison between suspended and entrapped TiO2 was performed. The results showed a satisfactory degrdn.
efficiency of the photocatalytic membrane process. The effect of various parameters (e.g. feed concn., recirculation
rate) is discussed to obtain high reaction rates, operating stability and high membrane rejection, both for substrates and
byproducts. Congo Red was photodegraded with higher rate under the same exptl. conditions probably due to its higher
adsorption onto the catalyst surface. It was possible to treat successfully highly concd. solns. (500 mg/L) of both dyes
by a continuous process obtaining good values of permeate fluxes (30-70 L/m2-h); this could be interesting for
industrial applications. The reactor contg. the suspended photocatalyst was significantly more efficient than the reactor
contg. the catalyst entrapped into the membrane.
Bibliographic Information
Effect of industrial microwave treatment on the antioxidant activity of herbs and spices.
Bertelli, D.; Plessi,
M.; Miglietta, F.
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia,
Modena, Italy. Italian Journal of Food Science (2004), 16(1), 97-103. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN:
ITFSEY ISSN: 1120-1770. Journal written in English.
CAN 141:348987
AN 2004:477559
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The effect of the industrial treatment with microwaves on the antioxidant activity of herbs and spices was evaluated.
Samples of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.), oregano (Origanum vulgare L.), basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and sage
(Salvia officinalis L.) obtained before and after the microwave treatment were extd. with an acetone-water mixt.
(70:30). The exts. were analyzed for their phenolic content. The antioxidant activity was detd. using the DPPH (2,2diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and deoxyribose methods and the prooxidant activity was detd. by evaluating the reducing
power and the iron chelating capacity. The treatment did not modify the antioxidant properties of these herbs and
spices as the majority of the differences between treated and non treated samples were not statistically significant.
Bibliographic Information
Wine and tumors: study of resveratrol.
Bruno, P.; Ghisolfi, L.; Priulla, M.; Nicolin, A.; Bertelli, A. Department
of Pharmacology, University of Milan, Italy. Drugs under Experimental and Clinical Research (2003), 29(5/6),
257-261. Publisher: Bioscience Ediprint Inc., CODEN: DECRDP ISSN: 0378-6501. Journal written in English.
CAN 141:388254 AN 2004:436443 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In modern industrial societies the attention to public health, esp. in relation to food habits, is increasing day by day. It is
no wonder that wine, the voluptuary drink that best represents human history, is the most interesting compd. The main
170
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 and best known wine effects on the human body are caused by alc., but several other active compds. are present in wine.
Above all, resveratrol is able to neutralize free radicals, which can damage DNA and may lead to cancer onset. In this
study, we have indagated resveratrol anticancer action, analyzing its effects on both cell cycle and growing of human
lymphoma B (DHL-4) cells. MTT colorimetric test, tripan blue dye exclusion assay, and cell cycle anal. showed that
resveratrol has a dose-dependent antiproliferative and antiapoptotic action on DHL-4 cells. These results confirm
resveratrol's potential therapeutic role on tumors.
Bibliographic Information
Protein-doped nanoporous silica gels.
Bettati, Stefano; Pioselli, Barbara; Campanini, Barbara; Viappiani,
Cristiano; Mozzarelli, Andrea. University of Parma, Parma, Italy. Editor(s): Nalwa, Hari Singh. Encyclopedia of
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2004), 9 81-103. Publisher: American Scientific Publishers, Stevenson Ranch,
Calif CODEN: 69FJQ3 Conference; General Review written in English. CAN 140:409112 AN 2004:395708
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The immobilization of biol. compds., such as enzymes on nanoporous silica gels is outlined, including the
description of the properties of the silica gel and the doped silica gel. These composite materials are generated by
absorption or covalent binding of the biomols. on the silica matrixes, and are promising candidates for the development
of biosensors and bioreactors industrial catalysis, food industry, environmental science, and biomedical diagnosis. A
further challenge is the use of such protein-doped gels for advanced electronic devices.
Bibliographic Information
Antimicrobial lipase antibodies, their sequences, and uses thereof.
Frati, Luigi; Biffoni, Mauro; Rughetti,
Aurelia; Koshkaki, Hassan Rahimi; Barachini, Serena; Nuti, Marianna; Palocci, Cleofe; Soro, Simonetta; Cernia,
Enrico. (Universita'degli Studi Di Roma 'la Sapienza', Italy). PCT Int. Appl. (2004),
42 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2
WO 2004039845 A1 20040513 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ,
CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP,
KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH, PL,
PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW.
Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF,
CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent written in English.
Application: WO 2002-EP12149
20021031. Priority: . CAN 140:405485 AN 2004:392490 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2004039845
WO 2004039845
Kind
A1
A8
AU 2002368305
A1
Priority Application
WO 2002-EP12149
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20040513
WO 2002-EP12149
20021031
20040812
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN,
CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH,
GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS,
LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH,
PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA,
UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY,
KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI,
FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, SK, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI,
CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG
20040525
AU 2002-368305
20021031
20021031
171
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
Polypeptides and antibodies able to recognize microbial lipases (preferably Candida rugosa lipase isoforms) and to
enhance their hydrolytic activity are disclosed. The disclosed expts. present the C. rugosa lipase immunoactivation
using the BF11 hybridoma supernatant (contg. the whole Ig mols. and the light chains), the studies of the enzyme
activation using the BF11 light chains, and the lipase activation using the immune complexes. The nucleotide and
amino acid sequences of a preferred embodiment of these antibodies are also provided. Also disclosed are the industrial
uses of these antibodies.
Bibliographic Information
Environmentally degradable bio-based polymeric blends and composites.
Chiellini, Emo; Cinelli, Patrizia;
Chiellini, Federica; Imam, Syed H.
UdR Consortium INSTM, Department of Chemistry & Industrial Chemistry,
University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Macromolecular Bioscience (2004), 4(3), 218-231. Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag
GmbH & Co. KGaA, CODEN: MBAIBU ISSN: 1616-5187. Journal written in English. CAN 141:124468 AN
2004:327856 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Blends and composites based on environmentally degradable-eco compatible synthetic and natural polymeric materials
and fillers of natural origin have been prepd. and processed under different conditions. Poly (vinyl alc.) (PVA) was
used as the synthetic polymer of choice by virtue of its capability to be processed from water soln. or suspension as well
as from the melt by blow extrusion and injection molding. Starch and gelatin were taken as the polymeric materials
from renewable resources. The fillers were all of natural origin, as waste from food and agro-industry consisted of
sugar cane bagasse (SCB), wheat flour (WF), orange peels (OR), apple peels (AP), corn fibers (CF), saw dust (SD) and
wheat straw (WS). All the natural or hybrid formulations were intended to be utilized for the prodn. of: (a)
environmentally degradable mulching films (hydro-biomulching) displaying, in some cases, self-fertilizing
characteristics by in situ spraying of water solns. or suspensions; (b) laminates and containers to be used in agriculture
and food packaging by compression and injection molding followed by baking. Some typical prototype items have
been prepd. and characterized in relation to their morphol. and mech. properties and tested with different methodol. for
their propensity to environmental degrdn. and biodegrdn. as ultimate stage of their service life. A relationship between
chem. compn. and mech. properties and propensity to biodegrdn. has been discussed in a few representative cases.
Bibliographic Information
Bio-morphological and chemical characterization of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) biotypes.
De
Mastro, G.; Ruta, C.; Mincione, A.; Poiana, M. Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Vegetali, Universita degli
Studi di Bari, Bari, Italy. Acta Horticulturae (2004), 629(Future for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants), 471-482.
Publisher: International Society for Horticultural Science, CODEN: AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal written in
English. CAN 141:257370 AN 2004:318709 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The use of herbs in the food industry has recently increased significantly because of their antioxidant action on lipid
degrdn., besides their traditional role in food aroma. In particular, rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) exts. have
proved to possess such useful antioxidant properties. The present research that reports on a study on the morphol. and
chem. characteristics, conducted on rosemary clones obtained from wild material collected in different environments of
southern Italy, was aimed at better characterizing and evaluating their potential for present and possible new food
technol. uses. In addn. to morphol. characterizations aimed to detect differences among clones, a technol. qual. oil
component "fingerprint" was conducted by means of GC-MS, comparing two different extn. techniques of the essential
oil fraction (traditional steam distn. and dichloromethane solvent extn.) for the quant. and qual. differences.
Bibliographic Information
172
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Hygienic coatings in the food industry environment: the Italian standard.
Pagella, C.; Fumi, D.; Galli, R.; De
Faveri, D. M. Food Engineering Dept., UCSC Catholic University, Piacenza, Italy. Paintindia, Annual (2003),
99-100,102,104,106-108. Publisher: Colour Publications Pvt. Ltd., CODEN: PIDABZ ISSN: 0030-9540. Journal;
General Review written in English. CAN 141:37675 AN 2004:220709 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The mandatory introduction of HACCP assessment in food industries has drawn attention to all topics
connected with the safety of food, including those related to the coatings applied in places where food is manufd.,
preserved, packed and consumed. The authors had formerly pointed out the need for a test protocol for paints and
coatings to be used in environments where food is present. They also implemented the protocol and tested several
paints currently available in the Italian marketplace. The experience gained helped in development of an industry std.
which is now published as UNI 11021. An outline of the std. and related exptl. results are presented in this paper.
Existing regulations and std. test methods were used or adapted for controlling hazardous substances and assess general
properties such as dirt pick-up, hiding power, wet scrub resistance or resistance to chems. and cleaning agents. New
specific test methods were developed for cleanability, release of odors, mildew growth resistance. Cleanability is the
attitude of a coating to be cleaned using mech. action and detergents. Film porosity and gloss, PVC and pigment/binder
ratio can affect cleanability. Paint films were coated with a std. dirt, then washed using a plynometer for 50 strokes.
The color difference (cleaned/not dirty) was measured using a spectrophotometer. Tests for release of odors were
carried out exposing 2 simulants (fresh water - Philadelphia cheese) in the presence of the coating in a gas-tight
chamber. Coating surface to chamber vol. ratio was 3 m-1. The samples were then tested for organoleptic alterations
by persons informed of the scope of the test and trained. Tests for mildew growth resistance were carried out after
sampling naturally occurring strains from wall coatings in northern Italy. 50 Strains were isolated, belonging mainly to
Aspergillus, Penicillium, Alternaria, Paecilomyces, Fusarium species. Proper strains were selected as std. testing
strains.
The paint was applied on different supporting materials, properly dried and placed onto Petri dishes with malt agar or
water and inoculated with suspended spores. Some specimens were previously washed to assess the effect of biocides
leaching. After incubation samples were rated for growth occurring.
Bibliographic Information
A rapid chromatographic method for determining the glucosinolate content in crambe seed.
Leoni, O.; Cinti,
S.; Aliano, N.; Tittonel, E. D.
MIPAF, Istituto Sperimentale per le Colture Industriali, Bologna, Italy.
Plant
Breeding (2003), 122(6), 517-520. Publisher: Blackwell Verlag GmbH, CODEN: PLABED ISSN: 0179-9541.
Journal written in English.
CAN 140:299720
AN 2004:135456
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Crambe abyssinica is becoming a reliable source of industrial oil with good tech. characteristics because of its high
erucic acid content. The possibility of using the industrial defatted meal of crambe as a feed could further promote the
interest in this crop, but is prevented by the high glucosinolate content (70-150 mol/g). Therefore the possibility of
reducing this parameter by selection was evaluated and a search for a new quick anal. procedure begun. When
hydrolyzed by myrosinase (thioglucoside glucohydrolase EC 3.2.3.1.), at pH 6.5 or higher, epi-progoitrin, the main
glucosinolate in crambe seed (>90% of total glucosinolates), gives (5R)-5-vinyl-1,3-oxazolidine-2-thione quant. The
latter can be easily estd. by HPLC. This is the background of the proposed anal. procedure that permits rapid anal. of
.apprx.100 samples per day using .apprx.25 mg of crambe meal (five seeds) for assay. The method can also be used to
select for glucosinolate content in rapeseed and, probably with some adjustment, all crops that have a 2hydroxyglucosinolate as the main glucosinolate.
Bibliographic Information
Pectin methylesterase inhibitor.
Giovane, A.; Servillo, L.; Balestrieri, C.; Raiola, A.; D'Avino, R.; Tamburrini,
173
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 M.; Ciardiello, M. A.; Camardella, L.
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 2nd University of Napoli,
Naples, Italy.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Proteins and Proteomics (2004), 1696(2), 245-252. Publisher:
Elsevier B.V., CODEN: BBAPBW ISSN: 1570-9639. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN
140:317968 AN 2004:107764 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Pectin methylesterase (PME) is the first enzyme acting on pectin, a major component of plant cell wall.
PME action produces pectin with different structural and functional properties, having an important role in plant
physiol. Regulation of plant PME activity is obtained by the differential expression of several isoforms in different
tissues and developmental stages and by subtle modifications of cell wall local pH. Inhibitory activities from various
plant sources have also been reported. A proteinaceous inhibitor of PME (PMEI) has been purified from kiwi fruit.
The kiwi PMEI is active against plant PMEs, forming a 1:1 non-covalent complex. The polypeptide chain comprises
152 amino acid residues and contains five Cys residues, four of which are connected by disulfide bridges, first to second
and third to fourth. The sequence shows significant similarity with the N-terminal pro-peptides of plant PME, and with
plant invertase inhibitors. In particular, the four Cys residues involved in disulfide bridges are conserved. On the basis
of amino acid sequence similarity and Cys residues conservation, a large protein family including PMEI, invertase
inhibitors and related proteins of unknown function has been identified. The presence of at least two sequences in the
Arabidopsis genome having high similarity with kiwi PMEI suggests the ubiquitous presence of this inhibitor. PMEI
has an interest in food industry as inhibitor of endogenous PME, responsible for phase sepn. and cloud loss in fruit juice
manufg. Affinity chromatog. on resin-bound PMEI can also be used to conc. and detect residual PME activity in fruit
and vegetable products.
Bibliographic Information
Identification of Virgin Olive Oil from Different Cultivars by Analysis of DNA Microsatellites.
Pasqualone,
Antonella; Montemurro, Cinzia; Caponio, Francesco; Blanco, Antonio.
Dipartimento PRO.GE.S.A., Sezione di
Industrie agro-alimentari, Universita di Bari, Bari, Italy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2004), 52(5),
1068-1071. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: JAFCAU ISSN: 0021-8561. Journal written in
English. CAN 140:286359 AN 2004:85772 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
DNA anal. enables genome fingerprinting with consequent identification of different individuals. In the agro-food
industry, this can have interesting applications for the identification of species and cultivars of both raw materials and
processed food. In this investigation, the efficiency of DNA microsatellite anal. in identifying virgin olive oils from
different cultivars was evaluated. Ten virgin oils were obtained in the lab. from olives of 10 different cultivars and the
DNA extd. from the cell residues, recovered by oil centrifugation, was used as a template with seven different primer
pairs of microsatellite sequences. The electrophoretic patterns showed an adequate level of amplification and were
identical to those obtained from leaves and drupes of the same cultivar. By analyzing all the patterns obtained, the
smallest no. of microsatellites able to distinguish the examd. oils was established and an identification key for the
different oils was developed.
Bibliographic Information
A device for triturating and extracting the juice or pulp from food products.
Catelli, Roberto; Gozzi, Mario.
(Rossi & Catelli S.P.A., Italy).
Eur. Pat. Appl. (2004),
CODEN: EPXXDW EP 1380217 A1 20040114
Designated States R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI, LT, LV, FI, RO,
MK, CY, AL, TR, BG, CZ, EE, HU, SK. Patent written in English. Application: EP 2003-425385 20030613.
Priority: IT 2002-201 20020710. AN 2004:27938 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 1380217
Kind
A1
Date
20040114
Application No.
EP 2003-425385
174
Date
20030613
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 EP 1380217
B1
AT
ES
US
US
T
T3
A1
B2
311771
2250865
20040007139
6722268
Priority Application
IT 2002-MO201
A
20051207
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR, BG, CZ, EE, HU, SK
20051215
AT 2003-425385
20030613
20060416
ES 2003-425385
20030613
20040115
US 2003-464747
20030619
20040420
20020710
Abstract
The device for triturating and extracting juice or pulp from food produce is used in particular in the food preserves
industry for triturating and subsequently separating the juice or pulp from fruit or vegetables, in particular in a coldworking process. The device comprises a refiner (1) of known type provided with a rotating shaft having blades
rotating internally of a sieve contained in an external casing (1b); a triturator group (2) receives a produce to be
processed from an infeeder archimedes screw (3) and introduces the produce into the refiner (1); the triturator group (2)
comprises a fixed cylindrical cage (4), fixed to a casing (3a) of the archimedes screw (3) and also fixed to the external
casing (1b) of the refiner (1), is arranged coaxially to these machines, and exhibits apertures (4a) and a cutting group (5)
which rotates with the refiner (1) and which is provided with frontally-acting cutters, and which is arranged internally of
the cylindrical cage (4) with the cutters facing the archimedes screw and being provided with radial blades (5a)
arranged downstream of the cutters.
Bibliographic Information
Automobile shredder residue gasification.
De Filippis, Paolo; Pochetti, Fausto; Borgianni, Carlo; Paolucci,
Martino.
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy.
Waste
Management & Research (2003), 21(5), 459-466. Publisher: IWM Business Services Ltd., CODEN: WMARD8
ISSN: 0734-242X. Journal written in English. CAN 140:275298 AN 2003:997335 CAPLUS (Copyright (C)
2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR) shows a broad chem. compn. owing to the presence of different materials, and its
high org. content makes it interesting as a source of energy. In this work, a bench scale two-stage reactor is used for
gasifying ASR. The reactor shows an efficient ASR gasification, avoiding the formation of difficult to manage char and
tar and allowing an easy recovery of energy. The results of the investigation were used to test a simple model based on
mass and energy balances and chem. equil., predicting syngas compn. including the presence of problematic elements
such as sulfur and chlorine. Gasification data calcd. by the model agree in a satisfactory way with the exptl. ones. Due
to the large variation in ASR compn., the model predicts that ASR gasification is industrially feasible only if a blend of
ASR and RDF is used as a reactor feed.
Bibliographic Information
New industrial process for food liquids decontamination from chemical and/or biological contaminants.
Volpato, Ivo; Bizzini, Bernard; Veneroni, Flavio. (Dox-Al Italia S.P.A., Italy). PCT Int. Appl. (2003),
31 pp.
CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2003103409 A2 20031218 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB,
BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU,
ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NI,
NO, NZ, OM, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN,
YU, ZA, ZM, ZW. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT,
SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent written in English. Application: WO
2003-EP6072 20030610. Priority: IT 2002-1260 20020610. CAN 140:16064
AN 2003:991263
CAPLUS
175
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2003103409
WO 2003103409
Kind
A2
A3
IT
CA
AU
EP
2002MI1260
2489078
2003246410
1531679
A1
A1
A1
A2
JP 2005528902
US 20050220936
T
A1
Priority Application
IT 2002-MI1260
WO 2003-EP6072
A
W
Date
Application No.
Date
20031218
WO 2003-EP6072
20030610
20040325
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN,
CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH,
GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS,
LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NI, NO, NZ, OM,
PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ,
UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY,
KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI,
FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR, BF, BJ,
CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG
20031210
IT 2002-MI1260
20020610
20031218
CA 2003-2489078
20030610
20031222
AU 2003-246410
20030610
20050525
EP 2003-757053
20030610
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR, BG, CZ, EE, HU, SK
20050929
JP 2004-510545
20030610
20051006
US 2004-518106
20041210
20020610
20030610
Abstract
A procedure is presented for the decontamination of a food liq. from one or more chem. and/or biol. contaminants,
based on the contact of said liq. with at least a bio-compatible membrane, to which antibodies specific for said
contaminants are covalently bound.
Bibliographic Information
Chemistry and nutrition. The nutritional foods industry. An ever more significant reality in continuous
expansion.
Malesani, Paolo. Indena SpA, Milan, Italy. Chimica e l'Industria (Milan, Italy) (2003), 85(8), 4751. Publisher: Editrice Bias Sas, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal written in Italian.
AN
2003:922251 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The purpose of this article is to discuss the actual status concerning nutritional products. After a brief introduction of
some specific definitions, the attention is focused on the legislative aspects, a market overview, the main players and the
relevant structural information. A prospect on how to grow the role of chemist as well as the chem. industry in this
scenario is treated in the conclusion.
Bibliographic Information
Structure-activity relationships for the mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of simple and
unsaturated
aldehydes.
Benigni, Romualdo; Passerini, Laura; Rodomonte, Andrea. Laboratory of Comparative Toxicology and
176
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Ecotoxicology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita', Rome, Italy. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis (2003), 42(3),
136-143. Publisher: Wiley-Liss, Inc., CODEN: EMMUEG ISSN: 0893-6692. Journal written in English. CAN
140:266007 AN 2003:888197 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Aldehydes are important industrial compds. that are used for the synthesis of chems. and pharmaceuticals and as
solvents, food additives, and disinfectants. Because of their reactivity, aldehydes are able to interact with electron-rich
biol. macromols. and adverse health effects were reported, including general toxicity, allergenic reactions, mutagenicity,
and carcinogenicity. The cost, time, and no. of animals necessary to adequately screen these chems. places serious
limitations on the no. of aldehydes whose health potential can be studied and points to the need of using alternative
methods for assessing, at least in a preliminary way, the risks assocd. with the use of aldehydes. A method of choice is
the study of quant. structure-activity relationships (QSARs). In the present work, we present QSAR models for the
mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of simple aldehydes and - unsatd. aldehydes. The models point to the role of
electrophilicity, bulkiness, and hydrophobicity in the genotoxic activity of the aldehydes and lend themselves to the
prediction of the activity of other untested chems. of the same class.
Bibliographic Information
A study on volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by tropical ascomycetous yeasts.
Buzzini, Pietro;
Martini, Alessandro; Cappelli, Francesco; Pagnoni, Ugo Maria; Davoli, Paolo. Sezione di Microbiologia Applicata,
Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale e Biotecnologie Agroambientali, Universita di Perugia, Perugia, Italy. Antonie
van Leeuwenhoek (2003), 84(4), 301-311. Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, CODEN: ALJMAO ISSN:
0003-6072. Journal written in English. CAN 140:232188 AN 2003:772870 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
As a part of a program aiming at the selection of strains which might be of interest as sources of natural flavouring
mols., the prodn. of volatile org. compds. (VOCs) by 98 ascomycetous yeast strains (representative of 40 species
belonging to 12 genera) isolated from tropical environments was investigated. Volatiles produced were sampled by
means of headspace solid-phase microextn. (SPME) and the compds. were analyzed and identified by gas chromatog.mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). The VOCs produced were found to be alcs. (amyl alc. and isoamyl alc.), aldehydes (2methyl-2-hexenal and 2-isopropyl-5-methyl-2-hexenal) and esters (Et isobutyrate, iso-Bu acetate, isoamyl acetate, 2methylbutyl acetate, Et isovalerate, isoamyl propionate and phenylmethyl acetate). Differences in VOC profiles were
used to cluster the yeast strains into 25 VOC phenotypes. The different frequency of VOC phenotypes in three specific
habitats was correlated to the divergent environmental conditions, possibly affecting the selection of specific yeasts.
From a biotechnol. viewpoint, this study reveals the potentiality of ascomycetous yeasts isolated from tropical
environments as a promising source of VOCs relevant in food and fragrance industry.
Bibliographic Information
Sterilization of fruit juice by high pressure CO2. Parton, T.; Rocchi, E.; Spilimbergo, S.; Elvassore, N.; Bertucco,
A. Dipartimento di Principi e Impianti di Ingegneria Chimica, Universita di Padova, Padua, Italy. Editor(s): Winter,
Roland. Advances in High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology II, Proceedings of the International Conference on
High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology, 2nd, Dortmund, Germany, Sept. 16-19, 2002 (2003), Meeting Date
2002,
419-424. Publisher: Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany CODEN: 69ENSC Conference written in English.
CAN 139:395069 AN 2003:748691 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In alimentary industry the thermal treatment is the most used technique to obtain pasteurization or sterilization of food,
but changes in organoleptic flavor and nutritive properties can occur. In this work, orange juice inoculated with
Bacillus subtilis bacteria and spores was treated by high pressure CO2 in both batch and semi-continuous app. at
different conditions of contact time, temp. and pressure in order to study inactivation kinetics and process efficiency.
177
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Some hypothesis on inactivation mechanism are discussed with regard to cytoplasmatic membrane damage, inactivation
of some fundamental enzymes and strong lowering of extracellular pH.
Bibliographic Information
Enzyme applications in detergency and in manufacturing industries.
Galante, Yves M.; Formantici, Cristina.
Corporate R&D, LAMBERTI spa, Albizzate, Italy.
Current Organic Chemistry (2003), 7(13), 1399-1422.
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers Ltd., CODEN: CORCFE ISSN: 1385-2728. Journal; General Review written
in English. CAN 140:78830 AN 2003:692352 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Applications of enzymes in industrial and food processes have undergone remarkable developments in
several areas such as detergent, textile, grain wet milling, food, monogastric animal feed, pulp and paper, leather,
natural polymer modifications, org. chem. synthesis, diagnostics, etc., in the last 10-20 yr. Recombinant DNA technol.
and protein engineering are currently the main technologies in the design and prodn. of new industrial enzymes, because
they reach high prodn. yields of purified products at competitive costs and to design new enzymes with novel properties
well adapted to industrial conditions. Of the major classes of enzymes, e80% of current industrial enzymes are
hydrolases (e.g., carbohydrolases, esterases) and are extracellularly produced for ease of downstream recovery after
fermn. In recent years, a few oxidoreductases were com. introduced (e.g., catalase, peroxidase, laccase) and even 1
lyase (pectate lyase for raw cotton bioscouring). The authors give an overview of enzyme applications in detergency,
textiles, and leather, the 3 areas that represent the majority of industrial enzyme uses. In detergency, enzymes
contribute to the highly efficient removal of stains made of proteins, starch and grease from garments and fabrics,
enhancing the action of surfactants and improving the performance of the washing process. In the textile industry,
cellulases, amylases, proteases, catalases, pectin lyase, peroxidase and laccase, have all become enzymes commonly
used in textile mills, dyehouses and industrial laundries. In tanneries, application of proteases at the bating step to
soften the hides and prep. them for tanning was a key step in leather making ever since ancient times. A vast range of
proteases is now available for soaking, bating and for unhairing raw hides, and of lipases for degreasing.
Bibliographic Information
Use of tomato lycopene cyclase gene in production of transgenic plants that have increased concentration of carotene and that show resistance to hydric stress.
D'ambrosio, Caterina; Festa, Giuseppe; Giorgio, Giovanni;
Marino, Ivana; Petrozza, Angelo; Salfi, Leonarda; Stigliani, Adriana Lucia; Cellini, Francesco. (Metapontum Agrobios
S.C.R.L., Italy). PCT Int. Appl. (2003), 32 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2003066866 A2 20030814 Designated
States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM,
DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT,
LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, TJ,
TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE,
DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG.
Patent written in English.
Application: WO 2003-EP279 20030113. Priority: IT 2002-213 20020206. CAN
139:174849 AN 2003:633936 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2003066866
WO 2003066866
Kind
A2
A3
Date
Application No.
Date
20030814
WO 2003-EP279
20030113
20040115
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN,
CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH,
GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS,
LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH,
PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA,
UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY,
178
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 AU 2003202560
A1
KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI,
FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, SI, SK, TR, BF, BJ, CF,
CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG
20030902
AU 2003-202560
20030113
Priority Application
IT 2002-MI213
WO 2003-EP279
A
W
20020206
20030113
Abstract
The invention provides the use of tomato lycopene cyclase gene in the prodn. of transgenic plants, wherein said plants
have increased content of -carotene when grown under appropriate temp. and light conditions. Specifically, the
invention relates that said conditions include cultivating transgenic plants in a temp. ranging from 10 C to 25 C, and
in the presence of continuous light. The invention also relates that said transgenic plants are characterized by having a
high resistance to abiotic stress, in particular hydric stress. In the examples, the invention presented the cDNA cloning,
sequencing, and use in construction of plasmid vector of tomato lycopene cyclase gene. A plasmid vector contg. said
tomato lycopene cyclase gene was used to transform Agrobacterium tumefaciens, wherein said A. tumefaciens where
used to transform cotyledons from Red Setter tomato plants. The transformed Red Setter tomato plants were evaluated
when grown under continuous light and varies temps. The invention discussed in a general sense that the -carotene
produced in recombinant plants could be potentially used as a nutritional supplement, and/or as a dye or preservative in
food, poultry-deed and cosmetic industries.
Bibliographic Information
Guar Galactomannans: Enzymatic depolymerization, characterization and biostability.
Baldaro, Eva M.;
Formantici, Cristina; Rinaldi, Cristina; Vigano, Laura.
Guar Technology Unit, Lamberti SpA, Albizzate, Italy.
Abstracts of Papers, 226th ACS National Meeting, New York, NY, United States, September 7-11, 2003 (2003),
CARB-044. Publisher: American Chemical Society, Washington, D. C CODEN: 69EKY9 Conference; Meeting
Abstract written in English. AN 2003:630172 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Guar galactomannans find wide industrial applications as additive in food, paintings, coatings, paper, cosmetics as well
as in oil operations. These polysaccharides may undergo chem. and biochem. modification to generate novel
carbohydrate products with unique reol. and/or applicative properties. Enzyme modifications of galactomannans with
the aid of new com. biotech enzymes, offer new opportunities. These modifications can be of various nature:
depolymn. by specific beta-mannanases, debranching by alpha-galactosidase and oxydation of selected hydroxyl groups
by an engineered glactose oxydase. We have focused our research on enzyme depolymn. of Guar in heterogeneous
system to generate stable, low viscosity products, suitable to undergo further chem. derivatization. Resistance of
hydroxypropylguar (HPG) to degrdn. by microbial endo-beta-mannanase was proven to be enhanced with respect to
non-modified galactomannan. Enzyme resistance appears to be directly correlated to the extent of molar substitution
(MS) and uniformity of substituent distribution.
Bibliographic Information
The safety of pharmaceutical excipients.
Pifferi, Giorgio; Restani, Patrizia. Institute of Pharmaceutical and
Toxicological Chemistry, Milan, Italy.
Farmaco (2003), 58(8), 541-550. Publisher: Editions Scientifiques et
Medicales Elsevier, CODEN: FRMCE8 ISSN: 0014-827X. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN
140:222940 AN 2003:567597 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The most important part of a medicine as far as its wt. is concerned, is constituted by its excipients, which
179
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 have the important functions of guaranteeing the dosage, stability and bioavailability of the active principle. The
components employed as excipients must present the characteristics required by their technol. function but, as with any
substance administered to man, they must also correspond to suitable safety requirements. In fact, in the past the
importance of evaluating the possible adverse effects of excipients was underestimated, because their inertia and
innocuity were taken for granted. The safety profile of these substances is more deeply researched as regards the
toxicol. aspect only if they are also employed in the food industry (anti-oxidants, sweeteners, coloring agents, etc.).
Indeed, in this case, the International Toxicol. Committees (among which the Joint Expert Committee on Food
Additives, a mixed committee of the WHO/FAO) demand thorough studies in lab. animals, with the intent of protecting
the consumer's safety. Tackling the question of the toxicity of excipients thoroughly is not a simple matter for several
reasons: the large no. of substances on the market and the diversity of their chem. profiles, their sources, their technol.
functions, and the presence of secondary products and/or contaminants that may be the true causes of adverse effects.
In this article we shall review the principal classes of excipients and their resp. side effects. Then we shall proceed to
their toxicol. evaluation, giving examples of: (a) intrinsic toxicity, or adverse effects that may be encountered in the
whole population; and (b) specific toxicity, which manifests only in people who are carriers of a transmissible disease
or who are genetically predisposed, such as people with allergies and intolerances.
Bibliographic Information
Incidence and correlates of breast-feeding practices in the non-European Community migrant women.
Golin,
R.; Marzari, F.; Zanardo, V. Department of Pediatrics, Vicenza Hospital, Vicenza, Italy. Nutrition Research (New
York, NY, United States) (2003), 23(8), 983-990. Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc., CODEN: NTRSDC ISSN: 02715317. Journal written in English. AN 2003:542389 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The purpose of this case-control study was to compare post-migration attitudes of non-European Community migrant
women towards infant feeding, in comparison with industrialized area native Italian women of North-eastern Italy
(Noventa Vicentina Maternity Hospital, Vicenza). A questionnaire was used for maternal and infant characteristic data
collection at hospital discharge following delivery and at 3 and 6 mo postpartum, to identify patterns and correlates in
the quant. breast-feeding practices. From Mar., 1999 to Sept. 2000 50 consecutive migrant women (55% African, 35%
Balcanic, 7% Latin-American and 3% Indo-Chinese) and 100 consecutive native control mothers, matched for
gestational age, were invited to participate in this study. Twelve weeks was chosen as a reasonable cut-off time for
"Early or Later Weaning", after breast-feeding initiation upon hospital discharge. The strength of linear correlation
between educational level (years) of native and migrant lactating women vs. age, parity, pre- and post-gestational body
wt., duration of breast-feeding (3 and 6 mo), and no. of fetal ultrasound screenings during gestation was assessed. At
maternity hospital discharge the migrant women had high breast-feeding rates, similar to native women (99% and 96%,
resp.). In both migrant and native mother samples a sharp fall in breast-feeding practice followed discharge. Migrant
women presented the highest occurrence of Early Weaning (3rd month, breast-feeding rates 42% and 61%, resp.; p <
0.05). No significant differences were found across the 2 groups in Later Weaning (6th month, breast-feeding rates
38% vs 40%, resp.).Thus, the breast-feeding trend toward smaller values with time within each of the 2 groups on
initiation, on the 3rd month, and on the 6th month was statistically significant (p per trend <0.01). In addn., the
schooling years of migrant women were significantly correlated with the duration of breast-feeding (r = 0,11; p < 0.03)
and a greater no.
of ultrasound screenings during gestation (r = 0.29; p < 0.03). Findings revealed that more cultured women are prone
following migration to industrialized settings to adopt the sociosanitary facilities and cultural characteristics on plane
mode of feeding of the host country.
Bibliographic Information
A real time toxicity bioassay for activated sludge reactor.
Pernetti, Mimma; Di Palma, Luca; Merli, Carlo.
Chemical Engineering Department, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Italy.
International Journal of Chemical
Reactor Engineering (2003), 1 No pp. given. Publisher: Berkeley Electronics Press, CODEN: IJCRBB ISSN: 15426580. http://www.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1076&context=ijcre Journal; Online Computer File
written in English. CAN 139:218421 AN 2003:536380 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
180
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
Activated sludge reactors are commonly used for secondary treatment of industrial wastewater, showing a high purifn.
yield, operating simplicity, and cost-effectiveness. Nevertheless, industrial wastewater generally contains numerous
org. and inorg. compds. which are not biodegradable; heavy metals often occur in electroplating and metal-processing,
paint, plastics, scientific instrument effluents; salts occur in wastewater from pesticide, pharmaceutical and food
industry manufg. and waste-dump percolating water. Primary treatments are often designed to reduce wastewater heavy
metal and salt content; however, trace concns. persist and may reach the biol. reactor causing biomass inhibition and
dramatic loss in purifn. efficiency. Respirometry through O2 uptake rate measurements is the most rapid, reliable
method to assess activated sludge inhibition. Previous toxicity test studies for specific compds. were performed
following different procedures and attaining heterogeneous results. A simple modification of the toxicity test
configuration is proposed to assess in real time the toxicity and inhibiting effect of influent wastewater before it reaches
the reactor. A sample is collected from the influent and a respirometric test is performed from reactor mixed liquor. If
inhibition exceeds the limit, the influent is stored and alternative treatment is done. Preliminary expts. were conducted
in a bench-scale continuously-stirred tank reactor fed synthetic wastewater. Copper sulfate and NaCl, inhibiting
compds., were sep. supplied to activated sludge batch samples in shock load at different concns. Mixed liquor Cu
concns. were measured by at. absorption and salt concns. were detd. with conductance measurements. Inhibition
90%, evaluated by short-response time OUR tests, demonstrated the suitability of this tool as a real-time toxicity
bioassay for activated sludge reactors.
Bibliographic Information
Evaluation of a high temperature immobilised enzyme reactor for production of non-reducing oligosaccharides.
Schiraldi, Chiara; Di Lernia, Isabella; Giuliano, Mariateresa; Generoso, Maddalena; D'Agostino, Antonella; De Rosa,
Mario. Section of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Department of Experimental Medicine, Second University
of Naples, Naples, Italy. Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology (2003), 30(5), 302-307. Publisher:
Springer-Verlag, CODEN: JIMBFL ISSN: 1367-5435. Journal written in English.
CAN 140:302358
AN
2003:514469 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
There is interest in the prodn. of non-reducing carbohydrates due to their potential application in various industrial
fields, particularly the food industry. In this paper, we describe the development of an immobilized cell bioprocess for
the synthesis of non-reducing maltodextrins at high temps. The trehalosyl-dextrins-forming enzyme (TDFE) isolated
from the thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (strain MT4), was recently expressed at high yields in
Escherichia coli (strain Rb-791). Here, we evaluate different matrixes, such as polyacrylamide gel, crude egg white,
chitosan and calcium alginate for their effectiveness in immobilizing whole recombinant E. coli cells subjected to prior
thermal permeabilisation. Calcium-alginate based gels formed a solid biocatalyst with a good activity yield and the best
enzymic stability at the operating temp. (75 C). Therefore, these beads were used to pack a glass column reactor to
perform the bioconversion of interest. Optimal operating parameters were defined in relation to the substrate stream
flow-rate and the substrate-to-biocatalyst ratio. The prodn. of trehalosylmaltotetraose from maltohexaose reached equil.
with a const. of about 2.6 at 75 C. The bioreactor was exploited for prodn. of trehalosylmaltodextrins from a com.
mixt. of maltodextrins, achieving a productivity of 106.5 mg ml-1 h-1 (g biocatalyst)-1 with ~40% conversion when
using a 30% (w/v) soln.
Bibliographic Information
Membrane contactors in the beverage industry for controlling the water gas composition.
Criscuoli,
Alessandra; Drioli, Enrico; Moretti, Ugo. Research Institute on Membrane Technology (ITM-CNR), Rende (CS),
Italy.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (2003), 984(Advanced Membrane Technology), 1-16.
Publisher: New York Academy of Sciences, CODEN: ANYAA9 ISSN: 0077-8923. Journal written in English.
CAN 139:196578 AN 2003:450565 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
181
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 In the work described here, membrane contactors are used for coupling the removal of species (oxygen and hydrogen
sulfide) present in the water with the water carbonation process. We include both expts. and a theor. study devoted to
the anal. of the transport phenomena that occur in the membrane contactor. The main resistance to mass transport was
located at the liq. side. Correlations between Sherwood and Reynolds nos. on the shell side that are suitable for the
membrane contactor used to carry out our expts. have been detd. In particular, for Re > 1.6, the expression proposed by
Yang and Cussler in 1986: Sh = 0.90Re 0.40Sc0.33 describes the behavior of the system; whereas, for Re between 0.03
and 0.3, a new expression is proposed: Sh = 0.435Re1.2SC0.33. A comparison with traditional equipment is also
furnished. Membrane contactors offer reduced size, CO2 consumption, and capital costs.
Bibliographic Information
Present and potential applications of membrane processing in the food industry.
Moresi, M.; Lo Presti, S.
Istituto di Tecnologie Agroalimentari, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy. Italian Journal of Food Science (2003),
15(1), 3-34. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: ITFSEY ISSN: 1120-1770. Journal; General Review written
in English. CAN 139:116399 AN 2003:430812 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. This paper reviews the most recent innovations in membrane modules and/or processes that appear to affect
the food (dairy products, fermented and alc. beverages, fruit juices, vegetable oils, etc.) and drinks (potable water and
soft-drinks) industries in the short-medium term. Basic mass transport equations and the general relationship between
solvent permeation flux and solute concn. are examd. as a function of the sepn. range of membranes. Future
perspectives for membrane processing in the food sector are also outlined.
Bibliographic Information
Improvement of biocatalysts by directed evolution.
Molinari, Francesco; Lametti, Stefania.
Sezione di
Microbiologia Industriale - DiSTAM, Universita di Milano, Italy. Chimica e l'Industria (Milan, Italy) (2003), 85(2),
13-14. Publisher: Editrice Bias Sas, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal; General Review written in
Italian. CAN 138:400438 AN 2003:340560 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Directed evolution combines the most innovative techniques of biotechnol. (generation of mutant library, in
vitro recombination, screening) for improving the functionality of enzymes and microorganisms. Recent developments
include the creation of biocatalysts with improved stability, more enantioselective, with broader substrate specificity or
ameliorated metabolic pathways. The combination of directed evolution and rational design promises to accelerate the
development of biocatalysts for applications in pharmaceutical, chem. and food industries.
Bibliographic Information
Proteins from bovine tissues and biological fluids: Defining a reference electrophoresis map for liver, kidney,
muscle, plasma and red blood cells.
Talamo, Fabio; D'Ambrosio, Chiara; Arena, Simona; Del Vecchio, Prisco;
Ledda, Luigi; Zehender, Goffredo; Ferrara, Lino; Scaloni, Andrea. Proteomics and Mass Spectrometry Laboratory,
National Research Council, ISPAAM, Naples, Italy. Proteomics (2003), 3(4), 440-460. Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, CODEN: PROTC7 ISSN: 1615-9853. Journal written in English. CAN 139:146036
AN 2003:302109 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A no. of high resoln. two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) ref. maps for bovine tissues and biol. fluids have been
detd. for animals in basal state. Among the 1863 distinct protein features detected in samples of liver, kidney, muscle,
plasma and red blood cells, 509 species were identified and assocd. to 209 different genes. Difficulties in the
identification were related to the poorly characterized Bos taurus genome and were solved by a combined matrixassisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry and liq. chromatog.-electrospray ionization tandem mass
182
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 spectrometry approach. The exptl. output allowed us to establish a 2-DE database accessible through the World Wide
Web network at the URL address (http://www.iabbam.na.cnr.it/Biochem). These ref. maps may serve as a tool in future
veterinary medical studies aimed at the evaluation of changes in protein repertoire for altered animal physiol. conditions
and infectious diseases, to the definition of mol. markers for novel diagnostic kits and vaccines, as well as the
characterization of protein modifications in bovine materials following technol. processes used in the food industry.
Bibliographic Information
Study on the adhesion of different types of lacquers used in food packaging.
Barilli, F.; Fragni, R.; Gelati, S.;
Montanari, A. Stazione Sperimentale per l'Industria delle, Conserve Alimentari (SSICA), Parma, Italy. Progress in
Organic Coatings (2003), 46(2), 91-96. Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V., CODEN: POGCAT ISSN: 0300-9440.
Journal written in English.
CAN 139:134917
AN 2003:289903
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The rapid detn. of the durability and quality of a coating used to protect against corrosion is a practical problem that in
the specific case canned food packaging, both can-maker and the food industry must consider carefully. In this work
the authors discuss 3 methods for evaluating the adhesion of 3 types of lacquers (stoving and UV curing) applied on
different tinplate substrate. In detail, the methods used are: dry adhesion, wet adhesion, and electrochem. impedance
spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. The last method allows the influence of both types of lacquers and tinplate supports
to be evaluated when coming in contact with model solns. of foodstuff. Adhesion was studied before and after
sterilization treatment. The results show that the best protection is given by epoxy phenolic and organosol lacquers.
Bibliographic Information
Prostate cancer and exposure to pesticides in agricultural settings.
Settimi, Laura; Masina, Alceste; Andrion,
Alberto; Axelson, Olav. Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy. International Journal of Cancer (2003), 104(4),
458-461. Publisher: Wiley-Liss, Inc., CODEN: IJCNAW ISSN: 0020-7136. Journal written in English.
CAN
139:48460 AN 2003:243052 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Our study evaluates the assocn. between prostate cancer and exposure to pesticides in agricultural settings in Italy. The
data were derived from a hospital-based multi-site case-control study carried out in 5 rural areas between 1990-92. In
our study, 124 new cases of prostate cancer were ascertained and interviewed, along with 659 cancer controls. A team
of agronomists assessed past exposure to pesticides by using a checklist of 100 chem. families and 217 compds. applied
from 1950-85 in the areas considered. The assocn. between prostate cancer and different occupational risk factors was
measured by max. likelihood estn. of the odds ratio, controlling for potential confounders. "Ever been employed in
agriculture" was assocd. with a 40% increased risk (OR = 1.4, 95% CI = 0.9-2.0). Prostate cancer was also related pos.
to food and tobacco (OR = 2.1, 95% CI = 1.1-4.1), and chem. products (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 0.7-7.2) industries. The
analyses carried out to est. the assocn. between different types of pesticides and prostate cancer showed increased risks
among farmers exposed to organochlorine insecticides and acaricides (OR = 2.5, 95% CI = 1.4-4.2), more specifically
to the often contemporary used compds. DDT (OR = 2.1, 95% CI = 1.2-3.8), and dicofol (OR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.5-5.0),
whose effects could not be well sepd.
Bibliographic Information
Transglutaminase, a food additive with multiple uses.
Paleari, M. Antonietta; Cantoni, Carlo; Beretta, Giuseppe.
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Veterinarie, Universita degli Studi, Milan, Italy.
Ingredienti Alimentari
(2003), 2(1), 18-20. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: IANLBJ ISSN: 1594-0543. Journal; General Review
written in Italian. CAN 139:51733 AN 2003:201701 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
183
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 A review. The biochem. characteristics and food additive uses of the transglutaminase enzyme obtained from a
Streptoverticillium mobaraense strain are described. The main enzyme activity is to catalyze the formation of
crosslinks in several food proteins esp. in the presence of caseinates. The transglutaminase uses in food industry are
widely different, mainly in meat and cheese prodn.
Bibliographic Information
Production and purification of microbial xylanase for industrial or food uses from transplastomic plants
containing plastids transformed with the xylanase gene.
Reddy, Vanga Siva; Leelavathi, Sadhu; Gupta, Naveen;
Maiti, Sankar; Ghosh, Amit. (International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Italy; Institute of
Microbial Technology). PCT Int. Appl. (2003),
51 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2003012094 A1 20030213
Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE,
DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR,
LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK,
SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM.
Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF,
CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent written in English. Application: WO 2002-EP8655 20020802.
Priority: GB 2001-18935 20010802. CAN 138:164728 AN 2003:118003 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2003012094
Kind
A1
AU 2002333317
IN 2004DN00209
US 20050106699
A1
A
A1
Priority Application
GB 2001-18935
WO 2002-EP8655
A
W
Date
Application No.
Date
20030213
WO 2002-EP8655
20020802
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN,
CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH,
GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS,
LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH,
PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA,
UG, US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AT, BE, BG,
CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT,
SE, SK, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE,
SN, TD, TG
20030217
AU 2002-333317
20020802
20060224
IN 2004-DN209
20040129
20050519
US 2004-485347
20041203
20010802
20020802
Abstract
The present invention relates to the transformation of a plastid genome with a polynucleotide encoding xylanase, and to
the prodn. of xylanase thereby. The invention provides a process of obtaining a xylanase comprising: providing a
protein-contg. ext. of a transplastomic plant tissue comprising plastids transformed with a polynucleotide encoding the
xylanase, the ext. having been subjected to heat treatment that has denatured at least some of the protein content of the
tissue but under which the xylanase has remained stable; and recovering the xylanase from the ext. The authors have
transformed the xynA gene coding for an alkali- and thermo-stable xylanase from a mesophilic obligate alkalophilic
Bacillus sp. NG-27 into chloroplast genome of tobacco plants. The authors report here the successful high level
expression and purifn. of this industrially important enzyme and thus provide its significant benefits related to tech.
industry, agriculture and the environment. The recombinant xylanase can be used in the manuf. of paper, for
improvement of quality in baked and brewed products, or in processing of plant fibers by selective removal of xylan
184
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 components.
Bibliographic Information
Simultaneous Determination of Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) in Citrus Essential Oils by Derivative
Potentiometric Stripping Analysis.
La Pera, Lara; Saitta, Marcello; Di Bella, Giuseppa; Dugo, Giacomo.
Dipartimento di Chimica Organica e Biologica, University of Messina, Messina, Italy. Journal of Agricultural and
Food Chemistry (2003), 51(5), 1125-1129. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: JAFCAU ISSN: 00218561. Journal written in English. CAN 138:237065 AN 2003:49667 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Citrus essential oils are widely used in the food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industries, so the detn. of heavy metals
content is of great importance to guarantee their quality. The present work deals with the quantification of Cd(II),
Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) in different varieties of citrus essential oils, using deriv. potentiometric stripping anal. Two
different metals extn. procedures, involving concd. HCl treatment and acid-alc. dissoln., are tested on lemon, mandarin,
sweet orange, and bergamot essential oils, and they give very similar results. Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) recovery
tests spanned from 95 to 100.50%, providing evidence that metals quantification remained unaffected by the cleanup
steps of the 2 procedures. The repeatability of the HCl extn. method, applied on different varieties of essential oils, is
>95.00% for Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II), whereas the repeatability of the acid-alc. dissoln. method is >93.00% for
Cu and Cd only in lemon oil. Detection limits obtained for the 4 analytes, using both procedures, ranged from 0.10 to
0.98 ng/g in lemon, mandarin, sweet orange, and bergamot essential oils.
Bibliographic Information
Plant for the treatment of waste waters.
Setti, Leonardo; Pifferi, Piergiorgio; Bordado, Joao. (Tecnoalimenti
S.p.A., Italy; Domca S.A.; AC & H Consultores, Lda.). PCT Int. Appl. (2003),
16 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO
2003004419 A1 20030116 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA,
CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE,
KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH, PL, PT,
RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY,
KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC,
NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent written in English. Application:
WO 2002-IB2348 20020624. Priority: IT 2001-419 20010703. CAN 138:94849 AN 2003:42207 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2003004419
Kind
A1
IT 2001BO0419
AU 2002314410
TR 200302111
A1
A1
T2
Date
Application No.
Date
20030116
WO 2002-IB2348
20020624
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN,
CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH,
GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS,
LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH,
PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA,
UG, US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AT, BE, CH,
CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF,
BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG
20030103
IT 2001-BO419
20010703
20030121
AU 2002-314410
20020624
20070221
TR 2003-2111
20020624
Priority Application
185
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 IT 2001-BO419
WO 2002-IB2348
A
W
20010703
20020624
Abstract
The present invention presents wastewater facilities for the recovery of industrially important substances from the
agroindustrial waste waters, and particularly from vegetable waters coming from the olive milling or from the prodn. of
vegetable based preserves. The treatment of wastewater process involves the regeneration of natural or synthetic
adsorbents and the recovery of industrially important substances and includes treatment tanks loaded with natural or
synthetic adsorbent which, after being satd. by substances of agroindustrial interest contained in the wastewaters, are
dumped by said tanks and sent to extn. tanks where they are regenerated through specific eluants.
Bibliographic Information
Color variation and characterization of broiler breast meat during processing in Italy.
Petracci M; Betti M;
Bianchi M; Cavani C Department of Food Science, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, 47023 Cesena
(FC), Italy
Poultry science (2004), 83(12), 2086-92. Journal code: 0401150. ISSN:0032-5791. Journal; Article;
(JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 15615025
AN 2004639033 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The variation in broiler breast meat color (CIE values L*a*b*) that normally occurs during processing was evaluated on
6,997 broiler breast fillets (pectoralis major muscles) from 79 flocks using a Minolta Chroma Meter. The samples were
randomly collected at 3 to 6 h postmortem from the deboning line at a single major Italian processing plant. In addition,
216 fillets were selected based on lightness (L*) values as being dark (L* < 50), normal (50 < or = L* < or = 56), or
pale (L* > 56), and were analyzed for ultimate pH, intact and ground meat cooking loss, and shear value. The overall
range in measured lightness (L*) was considerable and varied from 40 (dark) to 66 (pale), indicating that high breast
meat color variation during processing could exist. Broiler breast meat during summer was found to be paler (+1.7 L*
unit), less red (-1.0 a* unit), and less yellow (-0.7 b* unit) than breast meat samples collected during the winter,
confirming that the incidence of pale meat is greater during summer as indicated by nonscientific observations of plant
personnel. It was also determined that paler (L* > 56) breast meat is associated with lower ultimate pH and poorer
water-holding capacity, whereas darker (L* < 50) breast meat is associated with higher muscle pH and cooking yield.
Bibliographic Information
beta-Glucan synthase induction in mushrooms grown on olive mill wastewaters.
Reverberi M; Di Mario F;
Tomati U IBAF, Istituto di Biologia Agroambientale e Forestale-CNR, Area della Ricerca di Roma, via Salaria Km
29.300, 00016 (Rm) Monterotondo Scalo, Italy
Applied microbiology and biotechnology (2004), 66(2), 217-25.
Journal code: 8406612. ISSN:0175-7598. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NONU.S. GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 15558276 AN 2004583011 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
beta-1-3-Glucan synthase activity and its induction by olive mill wastewaters (OMW) was studied in ten fungal strains
(Auricularia auricula-judae, Lentinula edodes, Pleurotus eryngii, Stropharia aeruginosa, Agrocybe aegerita, P.
pulmonarius, Armillaria mellea, P. ferulae, P. ostreatus, P. nebrodensis). A microtiter-based enzymatic assay on beta-13-glucan synthase activity was carried out on all mycelia growth both on the control medium and on OMW. Among the
fungi assayed, L. edodes beta-1-3-glucan synthase was highly enhanced in OMW. The main components of OMW, i.e.
phenols and lipids, were added separately to the control medium, to highlight the mechanism of L. edodes beta-1-3glucan synthase induction. A Southern blot analysis and PCR with degenerated primers were carried out to detect the
presence of fks1-like genes in these Basidiomycetes. The sequences obtained from the ten Basidiomycota were
remarkably similar to fks1 from Filobasidiella neoformans. Spectrofluorimetric and RT-PCR analyses of beta-1-3-
186
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 glucan synthase were performed on the mycelia of L. edodes. In this fungus, a strong stimulation of beta-1-3-glucan
synthase mRNA and protein was recorded in the presence of OMW and phenols.
Bibliographic Information
Characterization of winemaking yeast by cell number-size distribution analysis through flow field-flow
fractionation with multi-wavelength turbidimetric detection.
Zattoni Andrea; Melucci Dora; Reschiglian
Pierluigi; Sanz Ramses; Puignou Lluis; Galceran Maria Teresa Department of Chemistry G Ciamician, University of
Bologna, Via Selmi 2, 1-40126 Bologna, Italy
Journal of chromatography. A (2004), 1054(1-2), 293-301. Journal
code: 9318488. ISSN:0021-9673. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S.
GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 15553156 AN 2004576850 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National
Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Yeasts are widely used in several areas of food industry, e.g. baking, beer brewing, and wine production. Interest in
new analytical methods for quality control and characterization of yeast cells is thus increasing. The biophysical
properties of yeast cells, among which cell size, are related to yeast cell capabilities to produce primary and secondary
metabolites during the fermentation process. Biophysical properties of winemaking yeast strains can be screened by
field-flow fractionation (FFF). In this work we present the use of flow FFF (FlFFF) with turbidimetric multiwavelength detection for the number-size distribution analysis of different commercial winemaking yeast varieties. The
use of a diode-array detector allows to apply to dispersed samples like yeast cells the recently developed method for
number-size (or mass-size) analysis in flow-assisted separation techniques. Results for six commercial winemaking
yeast strains are compared with data obtained by a standard method for cell sizing (Coulter counter). The method here
proposed gives, at short analysis time, accurate information on the number of cells of a given size, and information on
the total number of cells.
Bibliographic Information
Tolerance of heat-treated kiwi by children with kiwifruit allergy. Fiocchi Alessandro; Restani Patrizia; Bernardo
Luca; Martelli Alberto; Ballabio Cinzia; D'Auria Enza; Riva Enrica Department of Child and Maternal Medicine,
Melloni Hospital, 52 Via Melloni, Milan 20134, Italy. [email protected]
Pediatric allergy and immunology : official
publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (2004), 15(5), 454-8. Journal code:
9106718. ISSN:0905-6157. (CLINICAL TRIAL); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RANDOMIZED
CONTROLLED TRIAL) written in English. PubMed ID 15482522 AN 2004513538 MEDLINE (Copyright (C)
2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Kiwifruit allergy is increasing among children but whether heating affects clinical tolerance to kiwifruit is unknown.
To assess tolerance to heated kiwifruit in children allergic to fresh kiwifruit. In this prospective trial, 20 children
(median age 9.4 yr) with a history of immediate allergic reactions to fresh kiwifruit underwent double-blind placebocontrolled food challenges with steam-cooked (100 degrees C for 5') and industrially homogenised kiwifruit. Skin prick
tests with a commercial kiwifruit allergen, raw kiwifruit and double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge with 25 g
of fresh kiwifruit were used to confirm the history. Specific kiwifruit IgE to native and homogenized fruit were
identified by immunoblotting. Fresh kiwifruit induced positive skin prick wheals in all children (confirmed during
challenge in 19 patients). Commercial skin prick test elicited a positive response in five children, steam-cooked
kiwifruit in five, and the homogenised kiwifruit preparation in none. UniCAP determinations were positive for
kiwifruit in three patients. All children's sera showed specific IgE at immunoblotting with raw kiwifruit and one with
the homogenised preparation (major allergens identified: Act c 1 and Act c 2). There was no clinical reactivity
following challenge with homogenised kiwifruit but one child reacted to cooked kiwifruit challenge. Industrial heat
treatment and homogenisation can make kiwifruit safe for children who are allergic to this increasingly popular fruit.
This has dietary implications for children who are allergic to several fruit and vegetable proteins.
Bibliographic Information
187
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 The livestock revolution--a global veterinary mission.
Steinfeld Henning Food and Agriculture Organization,
AGAP, Room C-542, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, Italy. [email protected]
Veterinary
parasitology (2004), 125(1-2), 19-41. Journal code: 7602745. ISSN:0304-4017. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 15476965 AN 2004508392 In-process for MEDLINE (Copyright (C)
2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Increasing population, urbanisation and disposable incomes in developing countries are fuelling a strong growth in
demand for animal food products, which in turn will have a strong impact on the location and organisation of global
livestock production. Changes in the latter will in turn strongly impinge on animal and human health, the livelihoods of
the poor and the environment. The consequences of these trends, termed the 'livestock revolution', are expected to
dramatically change the face of animal agriculture in coming decades, including a major increase in the developing
countries' share in world livestock production and consumption; a gradual substitution of cereals and other basic foods
with meat and milk in the developing countries' diets; a change from multiple production objectives to more specialised
intensive meat, milk and egg production within an integrated global food and feed market; a shift to more industrial
production and processing; rising use of cereal-based animal feeds; and greater stress on fragile extensive pastoral areas
and more pressure on land in areas with very high population densities and close to urban centres. Henning Steinfeld,
an agricultural economist from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, reviews here trends
associated with the 'Livestock Revolution' and predicted implications for animal health. The presentation was given in
a plenary session at the 19th International Conference of the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary
Parasitology (WAAVP) held in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA during 10-14 August 2003.
Bibliographic Information
Reduction of deoxynivalenol during durum wheat processing and spaghetti cooking.
Visconti Angelo;
Haidukowski Edith Miriam; Pascale Michelangelo; Silvestri Marco Institute of Sciences of Food Production, Via G.
Amendola 122/0, 70126 Bari, Italy. [email protected] Toxicology letters (2004), 153(1), 181-9. Journal
code: 7709027. ISSN:0378-4274. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S.
GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 15342095 AN 2004437915 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National
Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The reduction of deoxynivalenol (DON) during durum wheat processing and spaghetti cooking was investigated in nine
samples of durum wheat contaminated with DON under field conditions (either naturally contaminated or artificially
inoculated with Fusarium) at levels ranging from 0.3 to 13.1 microg/g. A consistent reduction of DON levels was
observed during each of the processing steps from uncleaned durum wheat to cooked spaghetti. With respect to the
uncleaned wheat, the average levels of DON were 77% in cleaned wheat, 37% in semolina, 33% in spaghetti and 20%
in cooked spaghetti, with relative standard deviations of 11%, 13%, 12% and 8%, respectively. Average DON levels in
the screenings, bran and fine middlings were 4.1-, 1.6- and 0.6-fold, respectively, relative to the uncleaned wheat. DON
was almost completely recovered from spaghetti after cooking, with a repartition between cooked spaghetti (without the
corresponding DON amount from absorbed water) and cooking water generally in favour of the latter. An increased
DON leaching into the cooking water was observed when a higher water to spaghetti ratio was used during cooking.
This study strongly supports the basis of previous knowledge on DON distribution in durum wheat, semolina and pasta
products, and concludes that the retention level of DON from grains on the market to cooked pasta in the plate can be
conservatively assessed at 25% or less.
Bibliographic Information
Orthorexia nervosa: a preliminary study with a proposal for diagnosis and an attempt to measure the dimension
of the phenomenon.
Donini L M; Marsili D; Graziani M P; Imbriale M; Cannella C
Istituto di Scienza
dell'Alimentazione, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Italy. [email protected] Eating and
weight disorders : EWD (2004), 9(2), 151-7. Journal code: 9707113. ISSN:1124-4909. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
188
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 15330084 AN 2004424792
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
Abstract
AIM: To propose a diagnostic proceeding and to try to verify the prevalence of orthorexia nervosa (ON), an eating
disorder defined as "a maniacal obsession for healthy foods". MATERIALS AND METHODS: 404 subjects were
enrolled. Diagnosis of ON was based on both the presence of a disorder with obsessive-compulsive personality features
and an exaggerated healthy eating behaviour pattern. RESULTS: Of the 404 subjects examined, 28 were found to
suffer from ON (prevalence of 6.9%). The analysis of the physiological characteristics, the social-cultural and the
psychological behaviour that characterises subjects suffering from ON shows a higher prevalence in men and in those
with a lower level of education. The orthorexic subjects attribute characteristics that show their specific "feelings"
towards food ("dangerous" to describe a conserved product, "artificial" for industrially produced products, "healthy" for
biological produce) and demonstrate a strong or uncontrollable desire to eat when feeling nervous, excited, happy or
guilty.
Bibliographic Information
Panus tigrinus efficiently removes phenols, color and organic load from olive-mill wastewater.
D'Annibale
Alessandro; Ricci Marika; Quaratino Daniele; Federici Federico; Fenice Massimiliano Dipartimento di Agrobiologia
e Agrochimica, University of Tuscia, Via San Camillo de Lellis snc, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
Research in microbiology
(2004), 155(7), 596-603. Journal code: 8907468. ISSN:0923-2508. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE);
(RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID 15313262 AN 2004409593
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This study was aimed at assessing the potential of the white-rot fungus Panus tigrinus CBS 577.79 in removing organic
load, color and toxic phenols from agro-industrial effluent olive-mill wastewater (OMW). The influence of wastewater
composition on P. tigrinus degradative capability was investigated in shaken cultures using two different OMWs. The
initial soluble COD of 85,000 mg l(-1) led to a delay in removal of color, organic load and phenol by the fungus. This
was associated with delayed onset of laccase and Mn-dependent peroxidase. On the other hand, P. tigrinus, when
grown on OMW with an initial soluble COD content of 43,000 mg l(-1), promptly and efficiently removed the
aforementioned components. Chromatographic analyses showed that 4-hydroxy-substituted simple phenols were
predominantly removed.
The polymeric aromatic fraction underwent simultaneous polymerization and
depolymerization. This study is a contribution to the understanding of the degradative specificity of P. tigrinus on
OMW aromatic components and provides good indications for possible future applications of the fungus.
Bibliographic Information
Effect of industrial processing on the distribution of fumonisin B1 in dry milling corn fractions.
Brera Carlo;
Debegnach Francesca; Grossi Silvana; Miraglia Marina Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Laboratorio Alimenti, Reparto
Chimica dei Cereali, Viale Regina Elena, 299-00161 Rome, Italy. [email protected]
Journal of food protection
(2004), 67(6), 1261-6. Journal code: 7703944. ISSN:0362-028X. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written
in English.
PubMed ID 15222562 AN 2004320817
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of
Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of fumonisin B1 in various corn milling fractions processed by
an industrial plant. Corn kernels and six derived milling fractions (germ, bran, large and small grits, animal feed flour,
and flour) were sampled. In addition, in order to evaluate the effect of cooking, samples of polenta were prepared
starting from naturally contaminated flour obtained from the industrial processing cycle. The industrial plant worked
continuously at a rate of 60 tons per day. Two sublots of 5 tons each were investigated with samples of derived
products taken at regular time intervals. Due to a similar heterogeneous distribution of fumonisin B1 with other
189
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 mycotoxins, such as aflatoxins, the sampling scheme was derived from the European Directive 98/53 for aflatoxins.
Both lots of kernels showed fumonisin contamination at 4.54 and 5.09 mg/kg, respectively. Germ, bran, and animal
feed flour showed contamination levels, namely 8.92 mg/kg (lot 1) and 9.56 mg/kg (lot 2), 7.08 mg/kg (lot 1) and 8.08
mg/kg (lot 2), and 9.36 mg/kg (lot 1) and 6.86 mg/kg (lot 2) higher than large and small grits and flour (0.39 mg/kg [lot
1] and 0.42 mg/kg [lot 2], 0.60 mg/kg [lot 1] and 1.01 mg/kg [lot 2], and 0.40 mg/kg [lot 1] and 0.45 mg/kg [lot 2],
respectively). These results seem to account both for the industrial yields of the derived products and the distribution of
fumonisin contamination in a kernel. The cooking of polenta in a domestic pressure cooker did not affect fumonisin
contamination because the mycotoxin concentrations were similar to those of the starting flour (0.40 and 0.45 mg/kg).
Bibliographic Information
New regulatory trends for probiotics.
Prevot Michela Bianco Probiotical srl, a company of the Mofin Alce
Group, Novara, Italy. [email protected]
Journal of clinical gastroenterology (2004), 38(6 Suppl), S61-3.
Journal code: 7910017. ISSN:0192-0790. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID
15220660 AN 2004319089 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The aim of this paper (presented in Rome, Italy, at the 2nd Congress of Probiotics, Prebiotics, and New Food,
September 7-9, 2003) was to provide an objective view of the regulatory trends at the European level specifically
referring to probiotics, because until now they have never been directly mentioned nor officially or expressly regulated
per food and/or dietary applications, excluding their use as "active principles" in pharmaceutical products. Such a
report presented during a scientific congress could represent a potential link between the world of research and the
world of industry, both of presently deeply engaged and attracted by the potentiality raised until now, as per the
application of probiotics under different points of view.
Bibliographic Information
Development of a seven-target multiplex PCR for the simultaneous detection of transgenic soybean and maize in
feeds and foods. Erratum in: J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Jun 30;52(13):4350 Germini Andrea; Zanetti Alessandro;
Salati Claudia; Rossi Stefano; Forre Christel; Schmid Sergio; Marchelli Rosangela; Fogher Corrado Dipartimento di
Chimica Organica e Industriale, Universita di Parma, Italy
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2004),
52(11), 3275-80. Journal code: 0374755. ISSN:0021-8561. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH
SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 15161182 AN 2004263043 MEDLINE (Copyright
(C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food and feed is an important issue for all the subjects
involved in raw material control, food industry, and distribution. Because the number of GMOs authorized in the EU
increased during the past few years, there is a need for methods that allow a rapid screening of products. In this paper,
we propose a method for the simultaneous detection of four transgenic maize (MON810, Bt11, Bt 176, and GA21) and
one transgenic soybean (Roundup Ready), which allows routine control analyses to be sped up. DNA was extracted
either from maize and soybean seeds and leaves or reference materials, and the recombinant DNA target sequences
were detected with 7 primer pairs, accurately designed to be highly specific for each investigated transgene. Cross and
negative controls were performed to ensure the specificity of each primer pair. The method was validated on an
interlaboratory ring test and good analytical parameters were obtained (LOD = 0.25%, Repeatability, (r) = 1;
Reproducibility, (R) = 0.9). The method was then applied to a model biscuit made of transgenic materials baked for the
purpose and to real samples such as feed and foodstuffs. On account of the high recognition specificity and the good
detection limits, this multiplex PCR represents a fast and reliable screening method directly applicable in all the
laboratories involved in raw material and food control.
Bibliographic Information
Cold-storage affects antioxidant properties of apples in Caco-2 cells.
190
Tarozzi Andrea; Marchesi Alessandra;
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Cantelli-Forti Giorgio; Hrelia Patrizia Department of Pharmacology, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
The Journal of nutrition (2004), 134(5), 1105-9. Journal code: 0404243. ISSN:0022-3166. Journal; Article;
(JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 15113953
AN 2004216228 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Data on the composition of phenolic antioxidant compounds present in food plants and assessment of their activity are
essential for epidemiological explanation of the health benefits of fruit and vegetables. Various factors such as
cultivation methods, industrial processing, and storage may affect the final concentrations of phytochemicals in food
plants and their eventual bioactivity. This study investigated the influence of commercial cold-storage periods on the
antioxidant properties of apples grown either by organic or integrated systems. In both cases, total phenolics and total
antioxidant activity decreased only in the first 3 mo and only in apples with skin (P < 0.05), suggesting that cold storage
rapidly impoverishes these properties in skin but not in pulp. Assessment of antioxidant bioactivity in vitro, measured
in terms of intracellular antioxidant, cytoprotective, and antiproliferative activity in human colon carcinoma (Caco-2)
cells (differentiated to normal intestinal epithelia for intracellular antioxidant and cytoprotective effects), showed
strong, time-related decreases over 6 mo of cold storage for all 3 parameters (P < 0.01), irrespective of the cultivation
system. These findings with integrated and organic apples further support the concept that organic systems of
cultivation do not generally provide real health benefits. Moreover, the data from the present study clearly show that
factors such as cold storage may affect the antioxidant properties of apples. Epidemiological studies on the cancerpreventive benefits of fruits and vegetables should take into account the cold-storage bias for apples, and possibly for
other products.
Bibliographic Information
Antioxidizing potency of phenol compounds in olive oil mill wastewater.
Ranalli Alfonso; Lucera Lucia;
Contento Stefania Istituto Sperimentale per l'Elaiotecnica, Viale Petruzzi 75, 65013 Citta S Angelo, Pescara, Italy.
[email protected] Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2003), 51(26), 7636-41. Journal code: 0374755.
ISSN:0021-8561. (COMPARATIVE STUDY); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT,
NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English. PubMed ID 14664521 AN 2003584505 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008
U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The antioxidizing potency of phenol compounds contained in olive oil mill wastewater (OOMWW) has been
elucidated. Commercially available phenol standards at varying concentrations and the Rancimat oxidation test have
been used. Refined purified olive oil was utilized as an oxidation lipid substrate. Synthetic antioxidants, such as 2,3tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (BHA), 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene (BHT), l-ascorbic acid, and gallates (commonly
used as food preservatives), and other known chemicals endowed with antioxidizing properties have been employed as
reference compounds. The OOMWW phenol compounds have been classified into different groups depending on their
antioxidizing potency. This was significantly affected by the tested concentrations of the standards. Mixtures of phenol
standards and other antioxidants (l-proline, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and alpha-, gamma-, and delta-tocopherol)
have also been tested. Many phenol compounds present in OOMWW showed antioxidizing potency higher compared
to that of the less safe synthetic antioxidants and could therefore replace these in the industrial preservation of food
items. They could also be used in combination with other natural antioxidants (e.g., tocopherols). In fact, some
mixtures of antioxidants, owing also to the synergistic phenomena, showed strong antioxidizing potency.
Bibliographic Information
Sorption of copper by olive mill residues.
Veglio F; Beolchini F; Prisciandaro M Department of Chemistry,
Chemical Engineering and Materials, University of L'Aquila, Monteluco di Roio, L'Aquila 67040, Italy.
[email protected] Water research (2003), 37(20), 4895-903. Journal code: 0105072. ISSN:0043-1354. Journal;
Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 14604635 AN 2003528078 MEDLINE (Copyright
(C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
191
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
A study on olive mill residues (OMR) as copper adsorbing material is reported in this work. A rough characterization
of this waste material has been performed, by microanalysis and SEM pictures. Sorption tests with suspended OMR
evidenced copper removal from solution, of about 60% in the investigated experimental conditions. The COD release
in solution was also monitored during biosorption. Considering that it was significant, OMR washings with water were
performed before biosorption. In this case the COD release in solution was reduced to less than 600 mg/L after two
washings, while the OMR metal sorption properties did not change. Regenerated residues by acid solutions gave a
copper removal of about 40%, in the same experimental conditions of the first adsorption test: regeneration with EDTA
at different concentrations suggested that it presents a damage of adsorption active sites. On the other hand, the use of
HCl and CaCl(2) led to completely regenerate the biosorbent material. Tests were also performed with a column filled
with 80 g of OMR and the breakpoint was demonstrated to take place after that about 1L solution was treated in the
investigated experimental conditions. Regeneration tests permitted to demonstrate that a concentration factor of about 2
can be obtained in no-optimized conditions, highlighting the possibility of using OMR for the treatment of metal
bearing effluents. The main advantage of the process would be the "low cost" biosorbing material, considering that it
represents a waste in the olive oil production.
Bibliographic Information
Incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in food and environmental samples in Italy between 1990 and 1999:
serotype distribution in food, environmental and clinical samples.
Gianfranceschi Monica; Gattuso Antonietta;
Tartaro Stefania; Aureli Paolo Food Laboratory, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
European journal of
epidemiology (2003), 18(10), 1001-6. Journal code: 8508062. ISSN:0393-2990. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 14598931 AN 2003520838
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
We report the findings of the study of 4185 food samples and 958 environmental samples collected in Italy in the period
1990-1999 and tested for the presence of Listeria monocytogenes. The strains isolated were biochemically and
serologically characterised. We found a fairly high percentage of L. monocytogenes contamination in food (12.8%),
whereas the level of contamination was lower in the environment (environment and work surfaces in food processing
plants) (6.1%). Serotyping showed a prevalence of a few serotypes (i.e., 1/2a, 1/2b, 1/2c and 4b), which were the same
as those found in clinical samples collected during outbreaks and from sporadic cases of listeriosis reported in Italy in
the period considered. The geographical distribution of the strains of L. monocytogenes isolated from food samples is
very similar to that of the clinical strains.
Bibliographic Information
A new route for the chemical valorisation of lactose.
Corsaro Antonino; Catelani Giorgio; D'Andrea Felicia;
Fisichella Salvatore; Mariani Manuela; Pistara Venerando Universita di Catania, Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche,
viale A. Doria 6, I-95125 Catania, Italy. [email protected]
Environmental science and pollution research
international (2003), 10(5), 325-8. Journal code: 9441769. ISSN:0944-1344. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID 14535648 AN
2003473397 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A totally protected di-O-benzyl derivative of triacetonlactose dimethyl acetal was transformed into a 4'-hexeno
disaccharide by elimination of acetone with t-BuOK in DMF and subsequently in 5'-C-methoxy derivative by oxidation
with MCPBA in methanol as a solvent. The hydrolysis of this latter compound affords 2,6-di-O-benzyl-L-arabinoaldohexosos-5-ulose, which by intramolecular aldol condensation with DBU gives an inosose that was stereoselectively
reduced to epi-inositol. Therefore our synthetic strategy offers a new and simple method to transform lactose into
carbocyclic monosaccharide analogues.
192
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Degradation of para-hydroxybenzoic acid by means of mixed microbial cultures.
Lallai Antonio; Mura
Giampaolo; Palmas Simonetta; Polcaro Anna Maria; Baraccani Luca Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica e Materiali,
Unita di Ricerca del Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale La Chimica per l'Ambiente, Universita di Cagliari, Piazza
d'Armi, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy. [email protected]
Environmental science and pollution research international
(2003), 10(4), 221-4. Journal code: 9441769. ISSN:0944-1344. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE);
(RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID 12943005 AN 2003404335
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Olive mill wastewater contains some phenolic compounds that cause antibacterial activity of a kind that prevents
biological treatment without previous dilution. Among these phenolic compounds, p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHB) is
considered to be one of the most representative. This work examines the biodegradation of PHB by aerobic microbial
mixed cultures previously acclimatized to glucose, which was used as an easily biodegradable model compound.
Microbial growth runs were carried out in a batch reactor in the PHB concentration range of 200-1000 mg/L. In all the
runs the PHB proved to be completely degradable. The specific growth rates obtained were in the range of 0.16-0.35
l/h. Experimental runs showed that the functional relationship between the specific growth rate and PHB concentration
was that proposed by Monod. The kinetic constants of the Monod equation (mu(max) and K(S)) and biomass yield
coefficient (Y) were determined experimentally. With the parameter values thus obtained, a mathematical model that
also takes account of the duration of the lag phase was employed to describe both the microbial growth and the
consumption of PHB. The concentration values of the model fit well with the data obtained experimentally.
Bibliographic Information
Analysis of carbohydrates and amino acids in vegetable waste waters by ion chromatography.
Arienzo
Michele; De Martino Antonio; Capasso Renato; Di Maro Antimo; Parente Augusto
Dipartimento di Scienze del
Suolo, della Pianta e dell'Ambiente, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Via Universita 100, I-80055 Portici, Italy.
[email protected] Phytochemical analysis : PCA (2003), 14(2), 74-82. Journal code: 9200492. ISSN:09580344. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID 12693630 AN 2003175073
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
High-performance anion exchange chromatography coupled with pulsed amperometric detection was used for the
quantitative determination of total and free sugars in olive oil mill waste waters (OMWW). Automated amino acid ion
chromatography was employed to analyse total and free amino acids in the same OMWW. Sugars were analysed in
samples pre-purified by means of a three-step purification procedure involving: (i) methanol precipitation of OMWW;
(ii) dialysis of the obtained solid and liquid fractions; and (iii) chromatographic purification on RP18 phase followed by
Amberlite resin. The amino acids were determined directly in samples obtained from the first two steps performed for
sugar analysis. The analysis carried out with the reported methodologies allowed the quantitative determination of total
sugars and amino acids and the differentiation between their free and bound forms. The sugars determined were
arabinose, fructose, galactose, glucose, rhamnose, xylose, galacturonic and glucuronic acids, and the amino acids were
Asp, Glu, Thr, Ser, Pro, Gly, Ala, Val, Met, Ile, Leu, Tyr, Phe, Lys, His, Arg and Cys. Asn, Gin, and Trp were not
detected. The technological, biotechnological and environmental advantages arising from this analytical methodology
applied to OMWW are briefly discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Reduction of the phenolic components in olive-mill wastewater by an enzymatic treatment and its impact on
durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) germinability. Casa R; D'Annibale A; Pieruccetti F; Stazi S R; Giovannozzi
Sermanni G; Lo Cascio B Dipartimento di Produzione Vegetale, Universita degli Studi della Tuscia, Via San Camillo
de Lellis snc, Viterbo 01100, Italy. [email protected] Chemosphere (2003), 50(8), 959-66. Journal code: 0320657.
193
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 ISSN:0045-6535. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in
English.
PubMed ID 12531700 AN 2003024684
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of
Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Olive-mill wastewater (OMW), an effluent of olive oil extraction process, is annually produced in huge amounts in
olive growing areas. An interesting option for its disposal is the spreading on agricultural land, provided that
phytotoxic effects are neutralized. The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate the potential of an
enzyme-based treatment in removing OMW phytotoxicity. To this aim, germinability experiments on durum wheat
(Triticum durum Desf. cv. Duilio) were conducted in the presence of different dilutions of raw or enzyme-treated
OMW. OMW treatment with laccase resulted in a 65% and 86% reduction in total phenols and ortho-diphenols
respectively, due their polymerization as revealed by size-exclusion chromatography. Raw OMW exerted a significant
concentration-dependent inhibition on the germinability of durum wheat seeds which was evident up to a dilution rate
of 1:8. When the effluent was treated with a fungal laccase, germinability was increased by 57% at a 1:8 dilution and
by 94% at a 1:2 dilution, as compared to the same dilutions using untreated OMW. The treatment with laccase also
decreased the mean germination time by about 1 day as compared to untreated controls. These results show that
germinability inhibition due to OMW can be reduced effectively using fungal laccase, suggesting that phenols are the
main determinants of its phytotoxicity. Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Bibliographic Information
Saccharomyces cerevisiae biodiversity in spontaneous commercial fermentations of grape musts with 'adequate'
and 'inadequate' assimilable-nitrogen content.
Granchi L; Ganucci D; Viti C; Giovannetti L; Vincenzini M
Dipartimento di Biotecnologie Agrarie, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy. [email protected] Letters
in applied microbiology (2003), 36(1), 54-8. Journal code: 8510094. ISSN:0266-8254. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL
ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 12485343 AN 2002723674
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S.
National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
AIM: To evaluate whether intraspecific diversity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in wine fermentations is affected by
initial assimilable-nitrogen content. METHODS AND RESULTS: Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolates from two
spontaneous commercial wine fermentations started with adequate and inadequate nitrogen amounts were characterized
by mitochondrial DNA restriction analysis. Several strains occurred in each fermentation, two strains, but not the same
ones, being predominant at frequencies of about 30%. No significant differences were detected by comparing the
biodiversity indices of the two fermentations. Cluster analysis demonstrated that the strain distribution was independent
of nitrogen content, the two pairs of closely related dominant strains grouping into clusters at low similarity.
CONCLUSIONS: The genetic variability of S. cerevisiae in wine fermentations seemed not to depend on the nitrogen
availability in must. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Nitrogen content did not affect the genetic
diversity but may have induced a 'selection effect' on S. cerevisiae strains dominating wine fermentations, with possible
consequences on wine properties.
70 references were found when refined by Publication Year "2001-2002"
Bibliographic Information
Binary mixtures and materials based on biodegradable aliphatic-aromatic polyesters.
Bastioli, Catia; Del
Tredici, Gianfranco; Ponti, Roberto; Guanella, Italo. (Novamont S.p.A., Italy). Ital. Appl. (2002), 63pp. CODEN:
ITXXCZ IT 2001TO0063 A1 20020725 Patent written in Italian. Application: IT 2001-63 20010125. Priority: .
CAN 146:338790 AN 2007:378114 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
194
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Patent No.
IT 2001TO0063
Kind
A1
Priority Application
IT 2001-TO63
Date
20020725
Application No.
IT 2001-TO63
Date
20010125
20010125
Abstract
The biodegradable polyester mixts. comprise an aliph.-arom. polyester with m.p. of 80-110 contg. 60 mol % arom.
diacid of mol. wt. of more than 60,000 amu and modulus of less than 200 MPa and poly(lactic acid) contg. at least 75%
L-lactic acid or D-lactic acid or their mixt. of mol. wt. of more than 30,000 amu. The biodegradable polyester mixt.
contains native or processed starch as disperse phase. The starch-biodegradable polyester mixt. is used to fabricate
films that can be used for packaging, garbage bags, and in agriculture. Compact film materials fabricated from the
same material are used as containers for food, beverages, and other industrial uses. Foam sheets produced from the
same material are used as containers for food and for industrial packaging. Fibers produced from the same material are
used in fabrication of fabrics for sanitary and protective garments. A mixt. of 50% arom.-aliph. polyester (Ecoflex 700,
BASF), 50% poly(L-lactic acid) was processed into biodegradable transparent films.
Bibliographic Information
Industrial decontamination and sanitation of food.
Contos, Simos; Piacenza, Giuseppe. (Polo Tecnologico Sud
S.r.l., Italy). Ital. Appl. (2002),
9pp. CODEN: ITXXCZ IT 2001GE0041 A1 20021023 Patent written in
Italian.
Application: IT 2001-41 20010423. Priority: . CAN 146:336914
AN 2007:371228
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 2001GE0041
Kind
A1
Priority Application
IT 2001-GE41
Date
20021023
Application No.
IT 2001-GE41
Date
20010423
20010423
Abstract
Washing with antimicrobial acidic ionized water is used for decontamination and purifn. of food and processing
equipment, the water being produced on site in app. coupled to the decontamination equipment or supplied in batches.
Bibliographic Information
Method and setup for disinfesting food products by means of carbon dioxide under pressure.
Frati, Maurizio;
Tomatis, Aldo; Rodriguez, Rafael Enrique; Appiani, Salvatore. (Air Liquide Italia S.R.L., Italy; Gariboldi Progetti
S.R.L.).
Ital. (2001),
23 pp. CODEN: ITXXBY IT 1306945 B1 20011011 Patent written in Italian.
Application: IT 99-45 19990113. Priority: . CAN 142:462662 AN 2005:475724 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 1306945
Priority Application
IT 1999-MI45
Kind
B1
Date
20011011
Application No.
IT 1999-MI45
19990113
195
Date
19990113
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
A method and industrial setup are disclosed with which to disinfest food products with the aid of carbon dioxide under
pressure. A means for disposing of the carbon dioxide is also disclosed.
Bibliographic Information
Method, computer programs and apparatus for determination of the polydispersity of emulsions.
Ambrosone,
Luigi; Ceglie, Andrea. (Consorzio Interuniversitario per lo Sviluppo dei Sistemi a Grande, Italy). Ital. (2001), 30
pp. CODEN: ITXXBY IT 1307847 B1 20011119 Patent written in Italian. Application: IT 99-44 19990309.
Priority: . CAN 139:235985 AN 2003:746963 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 1307847
Kind
B1
Priority Application
IT 1999-FI44
Date
20011119
Application No.
IT 1999-FI44
Date
19990309
19990309
Abstract
A method for detn. of emulsion polydispersity comprises sampling the emulsion; NMR attenuation measurement of the
sample; calcns. based on the pulse duration of the magnetic field gradient, the av. radius of a solvent mol. and the
diffusion of the dispersed phase of the emulsion; calcn. of 1 coeff. characterizing the emulsion properties; and detn. of
the parameters and form of the distribution function of the emulsion from these coeffs. A computer program may be
used for these polynomial calcns. An app. for det. of polydispersity of emulsions includes an NMR device, means for
acquiring the NMR measurement results, a microprocessor to run the program, and means of presenting a graphical or
numerical view of the results. The app. may also include means to modify the compn. based on the results. The
method and app. may be used for emulsions in the food, paint, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and other industries.
Bibliographic Information
Industrial modular oven for continuous microwave-assisted firing of nonmetallic objects.
Borelli, Gaudenzio.
(Italy).
Ital. (2001),
17 pp. CODEN: ITXXBY IT 1308251 B1 20011210 Patent written in Italian.
Application: IT 99-48 19990312. Priority: . CAN 139:151715 AN 2003:646936 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 1308251
Priority Application
IT 1999-FI48
Kind
B1
Date
20011210
Application No.
IT 1999-FI48
Date
19990312
19990312
Abstract
An industrial oven for continuous firing (baking) of nonmetallic objects, such as ceramics, foodstuffs, and others,
consists of one or more modular components arranged in series, each of them comprising: (a) a firing chamber with
refractory-lined walls, (b) a conveyor running through the firing chamber(s), which is intended for placing and
196
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 advancing the materials to be fired, (c) a microwave diffusor suitable for receiving a microwave flux from a microwave
source through a waveguide and scattering it towards a chamber wall constituting a firing chamber ceiling for
establishing a high-frequency oscillating electromagnetic field in the chamber, (d) means with high dielec. const. placed
inside the firing chamber in order to absorb microwaves and generate heat, and (e) means for shielding the external
ambience from the microwave module.
Bibliographic Information
Development of the citrus industry: Historical note.
Di Giacomo, Angelo. Stazione Sperimentale per l'Industria
delle Essenze e dei Derivati degli Agrumi, Reggio Calabria, Italy. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants--Industrial Profiles
(2002), 26(Citrus), 63-70. Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd., CODEN: MAPPFL ISSN: 1027-4502. Journal; General
Review written in English.
CAN 140:286276
AN 2003:625650
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review providing a historical background on the industrial prodn. of citrus essential oils, juices, citric acid, pectin,
flavonoids, and other byproducts.
Bibliographic Information
Procedure for increasing of a pollution load abatement, biogas production, and methane yield in the anaerobic
digestion of industrial wastewaters.
Recchia, Valter. (Sisea S.R.L. Servizi Integrati Salute Ed Ambiente, Italy).
Ital. (2002), 13 pp. CODEN: ITXXBY IT 1309783 B1 20020130 Patent written in Italian. Application: IT 982650 19981210. Priority: . CAN 139:25942 AN 2003:487405 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 1309783
Kind
B1
Priority Application
IT 1998-MI2650
Date
20020130
Application No.
IT 1998-MI2650
Date
19981210
19981210
Abstract
The procedure involves subjecting a biomass in industrial wastewaters (e.g., from food-processing plants) to anaerobic
digestion, granulation, passage through a magnetic field, and ultrafiltration. A screw pump operating at an outlet
pressure of 3 bar is used for transporting the biomass. A residence time of the biomass in the electromagnetic field of
14,000-16,000 G is 0.1-5 s.
Bibliographic Information
New fluoroelastomer nanocomposites based on PTFE.
Comino, G.; Arrigoni, S.; Staccione, A.; Apostolo, M.;
Albano, M. Solvay Ausimont S.p.A. - R&D Center, Bollate, Italy. HPE 2002, International Conference Focusing
on High Performance Elastomers, 2nd, Cologne, Germany, Nov. 13-14, 2002 (2002),
127-136. Publisher: Rapra
Technology Ltd., Shrewsbury, UK CODEN: 69DTRO Conference written in English. CAN 140:60896
AN
2003:313352 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Fluoroelastomers are designed for high demanding applications in hostile environments characterized by high temp.
ranges and contact with aggressive fluids. The challenging fields for fluoroelastomers are oil drilling, electronic and
197
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 food industry. In particular oil drilling requires items achieving high hardness and good elastic properties, while
electronic and food industry demand for high purity (no carbon black) items and non-extractable materials.
Fluoroelastomer compds. based on std. org. (carbon black) or inorg. fillers do not satisfy these requirements. Basically
high hardness means poor elastic properties, while high purity cannot be obtained because of a too high release of metal
ions. By replacing carbon black based fillers with PTFE or any other perfluorinated semi-cryst. polymer, the obtained
fluoroelastomer compd. is extremely pure and the level of extractable metal ions is adequate for semiconductor
applications. The easiest way to obtain such a blend is by std. rubber compounding technol., that is by mech. mixing
fluoroelastomer and PTFE powder. However, because of PTFE high crystallinity and high mol. wt. and of the very low
interaction energy between the two materials, PTFE dispersion in the fluoroelastomer matrix is very poor, as witnessed
by poor mech. properties of the final cured items; moreover mixing of these materials is very difficult esp. when high
PTFE contents are required. In this context, a new technol. has been developed in order to disperse PTFE nanoparticles
into a continuous fluoroelastomer matrix. The PTFE nanoparticles are obtained by means of a special microemulsion
polymn. process which leads to a very close control of particle dimension, morphol. and concn. in the latex: in
particular, particle diam. ranges between 20 and 50 nm. Because of these nanoscale dimensions, the interaction surface
between rubber and filler is greatly increased, thus leading to improved mech. properties.
Finally it has to be pointed out that, since the PTFE particle dimension is by far lower than visible wavelength, light
scattering is prevented; as a consequence, the obtained compds. are transparent even when their PTFE content is 40 %
wt.
Bibliographic Information
From the field to the table: production chain management, traceability and safety. Studies for monitoring the
presence of pesticides, PAH and PCB.
Pinelli, C.; Cagnasso, P.; Dalla Turca, E.; Manghi, P.; Bassi, E.; Messori,
A. Ricerca e Sviluppo, Assicurazione Qualita, Parmalat, Italy. Progress in Nutrition (2002), 4(3), 215-220.
Publisher: Casa Editrice Mattioli, CODEN: PNRUAT ISSN: 1129-8723. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN 139:51741 AN 2003:229848 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Food industry pays a lot of attention to hygienic-sanitary characteristics of foods with intention to guarantee
the food products from the field to the table. The industry developed a prodn. chain management control system based
on knowledge, cooperation, responsibility, and traceability. In practical terms, this system involves structured and
coordinated evaluation scheme covering the farm, stall, allocation system, processing company, storage and delivery
system, and consumer satisfaction level. As an example of monitoring agricultural practices, data on the trends of
organochlorine pesticide residues in milk and fruits over 10 yr are reported. At present none of the samples analyzed
has significant contamination from organochlorine pesticides; only traces within the anal. method sensitivity limits
and/or their degrdn. products can be detected, mainly DDT. After 24 yr of the ban on their use, in almost all cases, with
the exception of accidental negligence in the use of insufficiently controlled raw materials for animal feed, the
organochlorine pesticides no longer pose danger for the food safety and consumer health. Guaranteeing the health and
hygienic safety of milk involves also controlling the absence of environmental org. micropollutants such as
polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and polycyclic arom. hydrocarbons (PAH).
Bibliographic Information
Hexane removal from off-gases by biofiltration.
Pagella, C.; Fumi, M. D.; Spigno, G.; De Faveri, D. M. Istituto
di Enologia e Ingegneria Alimentare, Universita Cattolica Sacro Cuore Piacenza, Piacenza, Italy. World Clean Air
& Environment Congress and Exhibition, 12th, Seoul, Republic of Korea, Aug. 26-31, 2001 (2001),
992-999.
Publisher: Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, Pa CODEN: 69DPBU Conference; Computer Optical
Disk written in English. CAN 139:264806 AN 2003:107896 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
A study was conducted to isolate potentially hexane degrading fungi strains and to verify the feasibility of a biofilter
system without a relevant liq. phase. Some of the fungal species isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated soils revealed
198
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 ability to degrade hexane and grow inside the experimented lab-scale bioreactor. Biofiltration is a VOC and odor
emission control technol. initially developed in Europe. Hexane is emitted by the food industry and these emissions
cannot be prevented by process integrated solns.
Bibliographic Information
Plant melanin. A new dermoprotective biopolymer.
Ghisalberti, Carlo. R&D in Health Care, Milan, Italy.
Cosmetic Technology (Milano, Italy) (2002), 5(4), 23-27. Publisher: C.E.C. sas, CODEN: CTECFI ISSN: 11276312. Journal written in Italian. CAN 139:234998 AN 2003:93535 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Vegetable melanins, although a problem in the food industry, are shown to have protective effects upon the skin and can
stimulate melanogenesis. Sources of vegetable melanins are discussed, and their biosynthesis is explained. They may
be used as sunscreens and as antioxidants to prevent lipid peroxidn.
Bibliographic Information
Vacuum pump for variable loads particularly for food, pharmaceutical, and chemical industries.
Morselli,
Giovanni; Lugli, Glauco; Rossi, Mauro. (Italy). Ital. Appl. (2001), 31 pp. CODEN: ITXXCZ IT 2000MO0126
A1 20011212 Patent written in Italian. Application: IT 2000-126 20000612. Priority: . CAN 137:386433 AN
2002:942976 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 2000MO0126
Kind
A1
Priority Application
IT 2000-MO126
Date
20011212
Application No.
IT 2000-MO126
Date
20000612
20000612
Abstract
The pump is designed in 2 versions (1) with axial pistons and (2) with radial pistons. The pump contains 2 chambers
communicating with exterior, a rotor which presents a sliding center for the pistons, several pistons communicating
with the rotor by means of connecting rods, and a device suitable for changing of piston strokes in relation to load
variations and flow reversal. The version with the radial pistons does not need valves. The pump can be used as a
vacuum pump, a pump for transportation of liqs., and as an air compressor.
Bibliographic Information
Fluoroelastomers blended with bromine and/or iodine containing semi-crystalline fluoropolymers.
Albano,
Margherita; Apostolo, Marco; Arrigoni, Stefano. (Ausimont S.p.A., Italy; Solvay Solexis S.p.A.). Eur. Pat. Appl.
(2002), 15 pp. CODEN: EPXXDW EP 1262497 A2 20021204 Designated States R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES,
FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI, LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR. Patent written in English.
Application: EP 2002-10917 20020516. Priority: IT 2001-1060 20010522. CAN 138:14340 AN 2002:925317
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 1262497
EP 1262497
Kind
A2
A3
Date
20021204
20030312
Application No.
EP 2002-10917
199
Date
20020516
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 EP 1262497
B1
IT
JP
US
US
A1
A
A1
B2
2001MI1060
2003012883
20030060568
6750295
Priority Application
IT 2001-MI1060
A
20041020
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR
20021122
IT 2001-MI1060
20010522
20030115
JP 2002-145042
20020520
20030327
US 2002-151960
20020522
20040615
20010522
Abstract
The prepn. of vinylidene fluoride based fluoroelastomeric matrix and core-shell bromine and/or iodine contg. semicryst. tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) based fluoropolymer and their blends are claimed. The semi-cryst. fluoropolymer
content is between 1% to 40% by wt. The semi-cryst. fluoropolymer core is coated by a semi-cryst. fluoropolymer shell
contg. bromine and/or iodine in the polymer chain. The semi-cryst. fluoropolymer is formed by TFE homopolymers, or
by TFE copolymers with one or more monomers contg. at least one unsatn. of ethylene type, the av. sizes of the semicryst. fluoropolymer particles being from 10 to 100 nm, preferably from 10 to 60 nm. A perfluoro-bis-olefinperfluoromethyl vinyl ether-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer was prepd. as the fluoroelastomer and
bromoethylheptafluorovinylether-perfluoromethyl vinyl ether-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer was prepd. as the semicryst. fluoropolymer in one example. Perfluoropolyoxyalkylenes were used as surfactants in the microemulsion
polymn.
Bibliographic Information
Cultivation of microalgal biomass enriched in selenium and docosahexaenoic acid.
Mafrici, Antonino;
Manganaro, Renato. (Italy). Ital. Appl. (2001),
19 pp. CODEN: ITXXCZ IT 2001RC0008 A1 20011105
Patent written in Italian. Application: IT 2001-8 20010806. Priority: . CAN 137:324288
AN 2002:870106
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 2001RC0008
Kind
A1
Priority Application
IT 2001-RC8
Date
20011105
Application No.
IT 2001-RC8
Date
20010806
20010806
Abstract
A process for the prodn. of microalgal biomass rich in Se-contg. org. compds. and in docosahexaenoic acid by axenic
culture of the marine microalga Crypthecodinium cohnii in photoheterotrophic or predominantly heterotrophic
conditions is claimed. The produced biomass can be used as a food or feed supplement or be extd. by appropriate
solvents to produced an oil useful in the pharmaceutical industry.
Bibliographic Information
Method for purifying and refining fluids through accelerated electron beam.
Perona, Silvio. (Italy). PCT Int.
Appl. (2002), 30 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2002083295 A1 20021024 Designated States W: AE, AG, AL, AM,
AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD,
GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK,
MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG,
200
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW, AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY,
DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD,
TG. Patent written in English. Application: WO 2002-IB1165 20020410. Priority: IT 2001-372 20010413. CAN
137:315253 AN 2002:814001 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2002083295
WO 2002083295
Kind
A1
B1
IT
AU
EP
EP
A1
A1
A1
B1
2001TO0372
2002253434
1379330
1379330
AT 281236
T
Priority Application
IT 2001-TO372
WO 2002-IB1165
A
W
Date
Application No.
Date
20021024
WO 2002-IB1165
20020410
20030306
W: AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN,
CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH,
GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS,
LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MZ, NO, NZ, OM, PH,
PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA,
UG, US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW
RW: GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW, AT, BE, CH,
CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR, BF,
BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG
20021014
IT 2001-TO372
20010413
20021028
AU 2002-253434
20020410
20040114
EP 2002-722549
20020410
20041103
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR
20041115
AT 2002-722549
20020410
20010413
20020410
Abstract
A method is described for purifying, recovering, refining or chem. modifying fluid substances of different origins, for
cleaning or for industrial applications, through high-energy accelerated electrons, typically from 1.2 MeV to 1.8 MeV;
the liq. or the gas fed into a suitable chamber. Protected with screens against the electromagnetic radiation is subject to
the action of the high-energy electronic beam and of the catalysts and of the ultrasounds emitted by the transducers.
Bibliographic Information
Influence of immobilizing alginates on viability and metabolism of lactic acid bacteria.
Nazzaro, F.; Sorrentino,
A.; Malinconico, M.; Orlando, P.
Istituto di Scienze dell'Alimentazione, CNR, Avelfino, Italy.
Industrie
Alimentari (Pinerolo, Italy) (2002), 41(416), 777-781. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: INALBB ISSN:
0019-901X. Journal written in Italian. CAN 139:21197 AN 2002:802042 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The influence of some alginates used as immobilizing matrixes on viability and metab. of two strains of lactic acid
bacteria (L. delbrueckii subs. bulgaricus and L. rhamnosus) was tested during freezing and freeze-drying. Viability was
assayed by plate count of CFU, while metab. was monitored through the resistance of the strains against bile salts and
lysozyme. The data obtained showed how the alginates purified from Dictyota dichotoma and Fucus vesiculosus could
have a better effect in comparison to the com. ones and thus highlight how a better purifn. of immobilizing material
could give, even after the freezing and the freeze-drying, a better viability and resistance of the strains against different
201
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 stress conditions. These parameters are very important for using of these immobilized strains as starters in the food
industry or as probiotic formulas in the healthy industry.
Bibliographic Information
Erosion-corrosion of a stainless steel distillation column in food industry.
Proverbio, Edoardo; Bonaccorsi,
Lucio Maria. Department of Industrial Chemistry and Materials Engineering, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.
Engineering Failure Analysis (2002), 9(6), 613-620. Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd., CODEN: EFANEM ISSN:
1350-6307. Journal written in English. CAN 138:156754 AN 2002:799660 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Unusual extended corrosion phenomena were detected in a distn. column made in AISI type 316 stainless steel (UNS
S31600) of a plant for natural pectins extn. from citrus. The column was the first of a series of two distn. columns
representing the unit core. Corrosion problems were obsd. only in that column and mainly along the surface of the trays
located in the lower section of the column. The phenomenon was obsd. subsequently to a modification of the original
plant layout that caused an increase of the operating temps. and turbulence of the process stream inside the column.
Bibliographic Information
Integrated processes with thermoelectric power plants or industrial plants for storage and reutilization of
natural gas by means of technology of active carbon adsorption or by means of technology of hydrates.
Dodero, Giorgio. (I.P.G. Industrial Project Group, Italy).
Ital. Appl. (2001),
28 pp. CODEN: ITXXCZ IT
2000MI1367 A1 20011219 Patent written in Italian. Application: IT 2000-1367 20000619. Priority: . CAN
137:265339 AN 2002:786647 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 2000MI1367
Kind
A1
Priority Application
IT 2000-MI1367
Date
20011219
Application No.
IT 2000-MI1367
Date
20000619
20000619
Abstract
Invention concerns (1) storage of natural gas in the presence of a high-porosity adsorbent (e.g., activated C) and
optional fluids (e.g., H2O, H2O(g)) forming hydrates or clathrates and (2) discharge of the natural gas from the storage
and its reutilization in thermoelec. plants or industrial plants. The invention also concerns equipment and systems of a
computerized control which are necessary for accumulation of natural gas in the storage, its discharge, and utilization.
Natural gas supplied by a pipeline can be fed into the storage or directly to the thermoelec. power plant or industrial
plant. The thermoelec. power plant supplies the storage with hot water or steam, cold water, and elec. energy and air
for instrument systems.
Bibliographic Information
Influence of pH and temperature on the growth of and toxin production by neurotoxigenic strains of
Clostridium butyricum type E.
Anniballi, Fabrizio; Fenicia, Lucia; Franciosa, Giovanna; Aureli, Paolo. Food
Microbiology Laboratory, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy. Journal of Food Protection (2002), 65(8),
1267-1270. Publisher: International Association for Food Protection, CODEN: JFPRDR ISSN: 0362-028X. Journal
written in English. CAN 137:309764 AN 2002:660494 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
202
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Strains of Clostridium butyricum that produce botulinal toxin type E have been implicated in outbreaks of foodborne
botulism in China, India, and Italy, yet the conditions that are favorable for the growth and toxinogenesis of these
strains remain to be established. We attempted to det. the temps. and pH levels that are most conducive to the growth of
and toxin prodn. by the six strains of neurotoxigenic C. butyricum that have been implicated in outbreaks of infective
and foodborne botulism in Italy. The strains were cultured for 180 days on Trypticase-peptone-glucose-yeast ext. broth
at various pHs (4.6, 4.8, 5.0, 5.2, 5.4, 5.6, and 5.8) at 30 C and at various temps. (10, 12, and 15 C) at pH 7.0.
Growth was detd. by checking for turbidity; toxin prodn. was detd. by the mouse bioassay. We also inoculated two
foods: mascarpone cheese incubated at 25 and 15 C and pesto sauce incubated at 25 C. The lowest pH at which
growth and toxin prodn. occurred was 4.8 at 43 and 44 days of incubation, resp. The lowest temp. at which growth and
toxin prodn. occurred was 12 C, with growth and toxin prodn. first being obsd. after 15 days. For both foods, toxin
prodn. was obsd. after 5 days at 25 C. Since the strains did not show particularly psychrotrophic behavior, 4 C can
be considered a sufficiently low temp. for the inhibition of growth. However, the observation of toxin prodn. in foods
at room temp. and at abused refrigeration temps. demands that these strains be considered a new risk for the food
industry.
Bibliographic Information
Furnace retort apparatus with molten slag for continuous processing of feed material to yield controlledcomposition products.
Granati, Paolo; Colletta, Angelo. (Italy). U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2002), 9 pp. CODEN:
USXXCO US 2002100345 A1 20020801 Patent written in English. Application: US 2000-725924 20001130.
Priority: . CAN 137:127870 AN 2002:575433 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
US 20020100345
US 6547847
IT 99RM0692
IT 1306746
EP 1099746
EP 1099746
EP 1099746
Kind
A1
B2
A1
B1
A2
A3
B1
Priority Application
US 2000-725924
IT 1999-RM692
A
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20020801
US 2000-725924
20001130
20030415
20010510
IT 1999-RM692
19991110
20011002
20010516
EP 2000-830734
20001107
20020925
20060322
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, CY, TR
20001130
19991110
Abstract
The combustion-heated retort app. is equipped for continuous processing, by phys.-chem. reactions inside molten slag,
of the feed materials to be gasified, thermally dissocd., or smelted, and is based on a single vertical reaction chamber
having cylindrical symmetry and equipped with an upper nozzle for flue gas exit. The process includes: (a) gas feed
into the top reactor zone for post combustion of the process gases; (b) injection of the feed materials into the hot bottom
zone of the reactor, sideways through an upper injection nozzle and/or vertically through a top lance, including the feed
material to be transformed, the fuel, O2 for combustion, and optional fluxes; (c) injection of inert gas for stirring from
the reactor bottom; (d) removing the hot byproduct gases from the top nozzle; and (e) tapping from the bottom zone of
the molten products having controlled compn., and of the inert slag. The app. and process are suitable for smelting of
industrial wastes with recovery of metal values in the hot molten and/or vapor products. The melting charge with Alalloy scrap can be modified for thermal dissocn. of polychlorinated biphenyl wastes or similar feed in the presence of
lime slag.
203
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Plant characters and essential oil composition of new selections of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.).
Mulas, M.; Francesconi, A. H. D.; Perinu, B.; Del Vais, E.; Bicchi, C. Department of Economy and Tree Systems,
University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy. Acta Horticulturae (2002), 576(Proceedings of the International Conference on
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 2001), 163-168. Publisher: International Society for Horticultural Science, CODEN:
AHORA2 ISSN: 0567-7572. Journal written in English.
CAN 138:2221
AN 2002:562902
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Rosmarinus officinalis L. is an arom. plant which is widely used as an ornamental plant is used in the pharmaceutical
and food industries, mainly due to its essential oil content. A lack of detailed characterization of rosemary cultivars has
stimulated this research on the evaluation of 15 selections of the Sardinian germplasm. After a preliminary phase
(1996/1997) of identification, description and evaluation of 31 mother plants of the Sardinian territory, selected
rosemary clones were planted in a repository located at the Expt. Station of the University of Sassari, in Oristano
(Sardinia). In this paper, 15 selections of the repository are characterized in terms of morphol. (plant habitus and vigor,
leaf size) and phenol. characters and of essential oil compn. The 15 selections evaluated in the repository had a high
variability for plant habitus (compact, intermediate and upright) and vigor (low, medium and high), leaf size, and plant
phenol. For instance, the selection CAG5 is compact, vigorous and blooms several times throughout the year, while
ORS3 has an upright shape, medium vigor and blooms once a year. Essential oil content varied from 1.18% (VIG12) to
4.07% (ORS1). In addn., the essential oil compn. was quite variable.
Bibliographic Information
Antimicrobial food packaging in meat industry.
Quintavalla, Stefania; Vicini, Loredana. Experimental Station
for the Food Preserving Industry, Parma, Italy. Meat Science (2002), 62(3), 373-380. Publisher: Elsevier Science
Ltd., CODEN: MESCDN ISSN: 0309-1740. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 138:88771 AN
2002:547561 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. Antimicrobial packaging, an active packaging concept, can be considered an extremely challenging technol.
that could have a significant impact on shelf-life extension and food safety of meat and meat products. Use of
antimicrobial substances can control the microbial population and target specific microorganisms to provide higher
safety and quality products. Many classes of antimicrobial compds. were evaluated in film structures, both synthetic
polymers and edible films: org. acids and their salts, enzymes, bacteriocins, and misc. compds. such as triclosan, silver
zeolites, and fungicides.The characteristics of some antimicrobial packaging systems are reviewed in this article. The
regulatory status of antimicrobial packaging in EU is also examd.
Bibliographic Information
Effects of perinatal exposure to bisphenol A on play behavior of female and male juvenile rats.
Dessi-Fulgheri,
Francesco; Porrini, Stefania; Farabollini, Francesca.
Department of Animal Biology and Genetics, University of
Firenze, Florence, Italy. Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements (2002), 110(3), 403-407. Publisher:
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, CODEN: EHPSEO ISSN: 1078-0475. Journal written in
English. CAN 137:74627 AN 2002:531033 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In higher vertebrates, estrogen can exert an organizational effect on sexually dimorphic areas of the central nervous
system (CNS) during the perinatal phase of development. The possibility that estrogenic pollutants may mimic estrogen
action on the CNS during development and produce long-lasting or irreversible effects is an issue of great concern.
Bisphenol A (BPA), a compd. widely used in the food industry and in dentistry, has proven estrogenic actions. To
study its potential developmental effects on behavior, the authors gave female Sprague-Dawley rats 40 g/kg/day BPA
204
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 from conception to weaning postnatal day 21 and 400 g/kg/day BPA from gestation day 14 to postnatal day 6. After
exposure, the authors studied social behavior in a play situation in juvenile male and female offspring. The attempt to
use play behavior to study the effects of BPA yielded some interesting results. An early action of BPA was obsd. on
several behavioral categories in both males and females. In particular, the authors obsd. a masculinization of female
behavior in 2 behavioral categories (play with females and sociosexual exploration), an effect probably mediated by the
estrogenic activity of BPA in the CNS. These long-lasting effects of BPA could have important consequences at
individual and population levels.
Bibliographic Information
Process for production of expanded polypropylene and end-products based on expanded polypropylene.
Bandera, Franco; Venegoni, Enrico. (Italy).
U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2002),
4 pp. CODEN: USXXCO US
2002068769 A1 20020606 Patent written in English. Application: US 2001-996670 20011129. Priority: IT 20002614 20001204. CAN 137:6942 AN 2002:429553 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
US 20020068769
US 6573310
IT 2000MI2614
IT 1319675
EP 1211038
EP 1211038
EP 1211038
Kind
A1
B2
A1
B1
A2
A3
B1
AT 388005
T
Priority Application
IT 2000-MI2614
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20020606
US 2001-996670
20011129
20030603
20020604
IT 2000-MI2614
20001204
20031023
20020605
EP 2001-204631
20011130
20030115
20080305
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, MK, CY, AL, TR
20080315
AT 2001-204631
20011130
20001204
Abstract
Title method comprises the following phases of (a) melting polypropylene contg. high melt strength polypropylene 1525%; (b) admixing possible additives; (c) purging CO2 (expanding agent) and immediately lowering the temp. to 160 ;
(d) extruding the mixt. to form end-products. The end-products can be used for car industry such as internal door
linings, and products for the food packaging fields, such as fruit containers.
Bibliographic Information
External and internal dose in subjects occupationally exposed to ochratoxin A.
Iavicoli, Ivo; Brera, Carlo;
Carelli, Giovanni; Caputi, Rosamaria; Marinaccio, Alessandro; Miraglia, Marina.
Universita Cattolica del Sacro
Cuore, Istituto di Medicina del Lavoro, Rome, Italy. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental
Health (2002), 75(6), 381-386. Publisher: Springer-Verlag, CODEN: IAEHDW ISSN: 0340-0131. Journal written
in English. CAN 137:357261 AN 2002:424566 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Ochratoxin A (OA) is a ubiquitous mycotoxin which can contaminate food, drink, and animal feed worldwide. Humans
and animals can absorb this toxin via the gastrointestinal tract after ingesting contaminated products. OA, known to
exert toxic effects particularly on the renal system, is classified as a possible human carcinogen (Group 2B) by the
International Agency for Research on Cancer. Measuring OA serum concns. is an effective method to evaluate internal
doses. Inhalation of airborne OA is a source of addnl. exposure. Concns. of serum OA were detd. in workers exposed
205
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 to airborne dust from the handling or processing of contaminated foods. Area and personal sampling were conducted to
det. airborne OA in 3 industries where coffee, cocoa beans, and spices, foods highly susceptible to contamination, were
processed. OA concns. in the serum of 6 healthy workers employed in these factories were measured in samples
collected at the end of the work shift. Airborne OA measured in these 3 industries by personal and area sampling, was
from <0.003 to 8.15 ng/m3; concns. measured in the breathing zone of the 6 workers who agreed to biol. monitoring
was 0.006-0.087 ng/m3. OA serum concns. were 0.94-3.28 ng/mL; the latter values largely exceeded those of the
control group (0.03 to 0.95 ng/mL). Results suggested occupational exposure to this mycotoxin may represent a health
risk for workers, esp. if preventive and protection measures are not adopted in the workplace. Airborne exposure levels
can result in an increased OA concns. in serum. This finding suggested environmental and biol. monitoring should be
conducted in workplaces where OA-contaminated products are handled or processed.
Bibliographic Information
Saving energy in distillation towers by feed splitting.
Soave, Giorgio; Feliu, Josep A. Italy. Applied Thermal
Engineering (2002), 22(8), 889-896. Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd., CODEN: ATENFT ISSN: 1359-4311.
Journal written in English.
CAN 137:156551
AN 2002:383717
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
It is a common procedure to save energy in industrial distn. towers by preheating the feed with heat recovered from the
bottom product. It will be demonstrated theor., and shown by simulation means, that if, before entering the unit, the
feed is split into two streams, and only one of them is preheated, further savings of energy ( 50%) can be achieved.
The use of a steady state process simulator like Hysysrtm is precious for a fast and reliable detn. of the optimum split
ratio and feed tray. A typical example of application is given and the use of Hysysrtm shown. The results for the
optimization of the split ratio are provided showing the economical impact of the proposed soln.
Bibliographic Information
Analysis of limette and bergamot distilled essential oils by HPLC.
Buiarelli, Francesca; Cartoni, Giampaolo;
Coccioli, Franco; Jasionowska, Renata; Mazzarino, Monica. Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita "La Sapienza" di
Roma, P.le Aldo Moro 5, Rome, Italy. Annali di Chimica (Rome, Italy) (2002), 92(4), 363-372. Publisher: Societa
Chimica Italiana, CODEN: ANCRAI ISSN: 0003-4592. Journal written in English.
CAN 137:237379
AN
2002:375774 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This work examines the distd. essential oils of limette and bergamot in order to assess the presence of low volatile
substances such as coumarins (bergapten) which, being toxic, must be eliminated before using these oils in the food
industry. The quant. detn. of coumarins was carried out by spectrofluorimetric detection. The substances present in the
chromatograms, obtained by HPLC with UV detection at 254 nm, were then identified. Moreover, a new coumarin that
is present in small quantities was identified using HPLC-MS.
Bibliographic Information
Volatile composition of "grappa low wines" using different methods and conditions of storage on an industrial
scale.
Da Porto, Carla. Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti, University of Udine, Udine, Italy. International
Journal of Food Science and Technology (2002), 37(4), 395-402. Publisher: Blackwell Science Ltd., CODEN:
IJFTEZ ISSN: 0950-5423. Journal written in English. CAN 137:19705 AN 2002:366585 CAPLUS (Copyright
(C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This is a study on the volatile compn. of grappa low-wines. Grappa low wines are the first distn. products, with about
15-20% vol./vol. ethanol, when grappa is produced using continuous distn. Different methods and conditions of marc
206
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 and wine lees storage on an industrial scale have been considered. New technol. for the storage of large amts. of grape
marc, called the "Grappa system", was evaluated. By comparison with a traditional ensilage method, the low-wines
obtained from the Grappa system resulted in higher concns. of ethanol, lower levels of methanol, slightly different
concns. of fusel alcs. and higher concns. of Et esters and terpenes. The use of phosphoric acid and sodium
methabisulfate to achieve a partial control of marc fermn. had no effects using the Grappa system method. This could
be the result of the mixing technique used which was spraying alone and was only slightly effective for the
homogeneous treatment of the mass. On the contrary, the lower content of methanol, 2-butanol and n-propanol
confirmed the effectiveness of phosphoric acid addn. to the wine lees.
Bibliographic Information
Membrane separation technology for reduction of pollution.
Anon. Italy. Inquinamento (2002), 44(35), 7880. Publisher: VNU Business Publications Italia Srl, CODEN: IQAAAW ISSN: 0001-4982. Journal written in
Italian. CAN 137:252209 AN 2002:365454 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The four principal classifications of membrane sepn. are microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, and reverse
osmosis. Generally, microfiltration uses 0.05-3 m diam. pores to sep. microorganisms, viruses, and suspended solids;
ultrafiltration, 0.005-0.1 m pores to sep. proteins, viruses, colloids, gelatins, yeasts, emulsions, oils, and fats;
nanofiltration, 0.001-0.01 m pores to sep. pesticides, herbicides, heavy metals, sugars, pigments, and bivalent and
polyvalent ions; and reverse osmosis, <0.001 m pores to sep. acids, bases, mineral salts, metal ions, and monovalent
ions. The principal configurations of cross filtration are: modules with flat membranes, tubular modules, hollow fiber
modules, and spiral wrapped modules. Examples of industrial applications of membrane sepn. are given for water and
wastewater treatment as well as the petroleum, paint, textile, paper, food, pharmaceutical, chem., and electronics
industries. The objective in industry is to minimize the use of fresh water and the cost of waste disposal, ideally
reaching zero discharge and total recycling of process waters.
Bibliographic Information
Inexpensive isolation of
-D-glucopyranosidase from
-L-arabinofuranosidase,
-L-rhamnopyranosidase,
and O-acetylesterase.
Barbagallo, Riccardo N.; Spagna, Giovanni; Abbate, Cristina; Azzaro, Giuseppe; Palmeri,
Rosa.
Biotechnology Group from the Department of Horticulture, Floriculture, Arboriculture and Agroindustrial
Technology (DOFATA), University of Catania, Catania, Italy. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (2002),
101(1), 1-13. Publisher: Humana Press Inc., CODEN: ABIBDL ISSN: 0273-2289. Journal written in English.
CAN 136:397718 AN 2002:346483 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
-D-Glucopyranosidase ( -glucosidase; EC 3.2.1.21) (I)was isolated from some collateral activities,
-Larabinofuranosidase (EC 3.2.1.55), -L-rhamnopyranosidase (EC 3.2.1.40), and sialate O-acetylesterase (EC 3.1.1.53),
using a com. enzyme prepn. and a simple method economically sustainable for the food industry. The procedure
comprised pptn. of extraneous substances by adding EtOH and CaCl2, ultrafiltration, and adsorption, 1st on bentonite
and then on chitosan. The results obtained were the complete isolation of I from the above-mentioned activities, a
drastic redn. in extraneous compds., such as brown substances and polysaccharides, and a slight increase in purifn.
Bibliographic Information
News items. Focus on life science at Analytica 2002.
Gargantini, Mario. Italy. Chimica e l'Industria (Milan,
Italy) (2002), 84(2), 14-15. Publisher: Editrice Bias Sas, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal written in
Italian. AN 2002:320253 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
At next gathering in Munich, the world of Research and Industry will show new research in medicine and pharma,
207
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 biotechnol. and diagnostic, environmental engineering, cosmetics, food anal., lab. technol. and quality control. Foreign
participation is increasing and Italian exhibitors, are doubled.
Bibliographic Information
Creation of on-line solutions in support of the dissemination of legislative and analytical information on foodcontact materials.
Simoneau, C.; Rossi, L. Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, T.P. 260, Food Products
and Consumer Goods Unit, European Commission DG Joint Research Centre, Ispra Va, Italy. Food Additives and
Contaminants (2002), 19(Suppl.), 201-208. Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd., CODEN: FACOEB ISSN: 0265203X. Journal written in English. CAN 138:302851 AN 2002:298569 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
To facilitate access to European Commission (EC) documentation and provide a public service resource of relevant
information an Internet site dedicated to food-contact materials was created (http://cpf.jrc.it/webpack/) in 1998. The
site contains legislative information in downloadable format, information on contacts for authorities and organizations
in the field of food-contact materials, as well as information on methods for overall and specific migration. A satellite
site (http://cpf.jrc.it/smt/) is dedicated to physicochem. and spectral information (FT-IR, GC-MS, NMR) as well as anal.
methods on an increasing no. of regulated substances. Many of these, as well as substances submitted for evaluation,
are held in a centralized databank at the JRC in Ispra and aliquots can be made available to the public upon request.
The site also recently expanded to provide an incentive for anal. networking between institutions by including
information pages on current EC-funded and national projects and conference announcements.
Bibliographic Information
Soil contamination detected using bacterial and plant mutagenicity tests and chemical analyses.
Monarca,
Silvano; Feretti, Donatella; Zerbini, Ilaria; Alberti, Adriana; Zani, Claudia; Resola, Sergio; Gelatti, Umberto; Nardi,
Giuseppe. Department of Experimental and Applied Medicine, Hygiene Section, University of Brescia, Brescia,
Italy. Environmental Research (2002), 88(1), 64-69. Publisher: Academic Press, CODEN: ENVRAL ISSN: 00139351. Journal written in English. CAN 136:212182 AN 2002:198732 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Soil contaminants are common in industrialized countries, causing widespread contamination directly of soil and
indirectly of ground water and food. Among these pollutants particular attention should be paid to soil mutagens and
carcinogens due to their potentially hazardous effects on animal populations and human health. The aim of this
research was to evaluate the genotoxicity of contaminated soils by means of an integrated chem./biol. approach, using a
short-term bacterial mutagenicity test (Ames test), a plant genotoxicity test (Tradescantia/micronucleus test), and chem.
analyses. Soil samples were collected in a highly industrialized area in the Lombardy region, in Northern Italy. Soil
samples were extd. with water or with org. solvents. Water exts. of soil samples were tested using the Tradescantia
genotoxicity test and org. solvent exts. were analyzed for their polycyclic arom. hydrocarbon (PAH) concns. and for
their mutagenicity with the Ames test. Heavy metal concns. were also studied. Some soil samples showed mutagenic
activity with the Ames test and clastogenicity with the Tradescantia/micronucleus test. The same soils showed high
concns. of genotoxic PAH and heavy metals. (c) 2002 Academic Press.
Bibliographic Information
Prevention of obesity.
Caroli, M.; Lagravinese, D. Unita Operativa di Igiene della Nutrizione, Dipartimento di
Prevenzione-AUSL BR, Brindisi, Italy. Nutrition Research (New York, NY, United States) (2002), 22(1/2), 221226. Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc., CODEN: NTRSDC ISSN: 0271-5317. Journal written in English.
AN
2002:150855 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
208
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 The increased prevalence of obesity highlights the need of programs for its prevention. In the obesity prevention
programs calorie and nutrient intake, emotional and social cues related to food intake must be considered. Thus, in
order to prevent development of obesity modifying the nutritional factors it would be necessary: increasing breastfeeding in terms of percentage and duration; modifying wrong weaning patterns decreasing protein intake and
increasing fat intake until 2 yr of age; modifying toddler and school age children eating habit decreasing fat intake and
increasing carbohydrates and fibers intakes; helping parents and/or guardians to understand the real needs of their
children without using food as form of gratification, reward, and/or consolation for every neg. feelings and situations;
asking governments, consumer unions, food industries, and mass media to reduce and regulate non-nutritional food
advertisings during children television time.
Bibliographic Information
Bacteriocin-producing Lactobacillus sake as starter culture in dry sausages.
Tantillo, M. G.; Di Pinto, A.;
Novello, L.
Dipartimento di Sanita e Benessere Animale, Facolta di Medicina Veterinaria - Universita di Bari Prov.le per Casamassima, Bari, Italy.
Microbiologica (2002), 25(1), 45-49. Publisher: Luigi Ponzio e Figlio
Editori, CODEN: MIBLDR ISSN: 1121-7138. Journal written in English. CAN 136:213477 AN 2002:147366
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
One hundred and fifty-two strains of Lactobacillus spp and Micrococcus spp, isolated from dry sausages, were screened
for inhibitory activity. Two of the strains assayed of the genus Lactobacillus showed bactericidal activity. They were
able to inhibit Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria seeligeri, Listeria innocua, Lactobacillus alimentarius and Lactobacillus
bavaricus. The strains of Escherichia coli, Salmonella bradford and Salmonella newlands, Staphylococcus aureus,
Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens were resistant. Their antimicrobial activity was due to
peptides detectable in the culture broths and inactivated by treatment with proteolytic enzymes. Using bacteriocinproducing Lactobacillus sake as starter cultures in dry sausages could be promising in the food industry.
Bibliographic Information
Membrane technologies in the agricultural and food industry.
Bottino, Aldo; Capannelli, Gustavo; Comite,
Antonio. DCCI, Universita di Genova, Italy. Chimica e l'Industria (Milan, Italy) (2001), 83(7), 63-68. Publisher:
Editrice Bias Sas, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN
136:339618 AN 2002:99769 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The importance of membrane filtration and sepn. technologies and processes (dialysis, micro- and
ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, pervaporation, membrane distn., membrane gas sepn.) in the agricultural
and food industry is discussed. As illustrated by specific examples from the prodn. of dairy products, fruit juices,
beverages and sugar, the membrane processes can allow the sepn., purifn. and concn. of various fluids encountered in
the food industry while maintaining the typical compn. of the original products. Membrane processes usually do not
require heat treatments or use of chem. additives. Many thermolabile compds. present in natural products, such as
flavor volatile compds. and nutritionally important compds., usually remain intact during the membrane processes.
Membrane processes allow to sterilize, stabilize, and develop new products.
Bibliographic Information
Hydroxycinnamic acids as natural antioxidants.
Setti, Leonardo; Faulds, Craig; Giuliani, Silvia.
Dip. di
Chimica Industriale e die Materiali, Universita di Bologna, Italy. Chimica e l'Industria (Milan, Italy) (2001), 83(7),
45. Publisher: Editrice Bias Sas, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal written in English.
CAN
137:92930 AN 2002:99739 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
209
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Functional foods contg. a high amt. of antioxidant compds. are of great interest for the food and pharmaceutical
industries like foods for the health care. In fact the lifelong prodn. of free radicals through the human biochem.
functions have to be balanced by a series of biomols. named as antioxidants. Recently, a group of dietary phenolic
compds. with antioxidant activity have received increasing interest, these being derivs. of cinnamic acid; e.g. caffeic
acid, chlorogenic acid, and ferulic acid.
Bibliographic Information
Applications of biosensors in analysis of foods.
Pizzariello, Andrea; Stredansky, Miroslav; Miertus, Stanislav.
POLYtech SCrl, Trieste, Italy. Chimica e l'Industria (Milan, Italy) (2001), 83(7), 45. Publisher: Editrice Bias Sas,
CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal written in English. CAN 137:92858 AN 2002:99737 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The food industry needs suitable anal. methods for quality control and contamination monitoring along the whole chain
process, from the raw materials to the consumers; such methods must be rapid, reliable, specific and cost effective.
Apart from a few important analytes, such as sugars, alcs., amino acids, flavors and sweeteners, food applications
mainly focus on the detn. of contaminants. This article describes the development of biosensors as anal. tools in the
food industry and discusses the tech. and economic problems of applying this technol. to the monitoring of foodstuffs
quality and contamination. It is mainly focused on those biosensor systems which reached final phase of development,
namely the industrialization and marketing.
Bibliographic Information
News items. The integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive in the food industry.
Canepa,
Pietro. Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Genova, Genoa, Italy. Chimica e
l'Industria (Milan, Italy) (2001), 83(7), 13-15. Publisher: Editrice Bias Sas, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315.
Journal; News Announcement written in Italian.
AN 2002:99693
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Bibliographic Information
Enological uses of liquid carbon dioxide.
Landi, Lorenzo; Frati, Maurizio. Fattoria del Cerro, Acquaviva di
Montepulciano, Italy. Industrie delle Bevande (2001), 30(175), 480-482. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN:
INBEEW ISSN: 0390-0541. Journal; General Review written in Italian.
CAN 136:339616
AN 2002:59085
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review. The topics include physicochem. properties of anhydrouls liq. CO2 applicable to food industry, liq. CO2
uses as a refrigerant fluid, dry snow and recirculating gas, and liq. CO2 applications in preservation of grapes before
must pressing and in enhancing grape peel maceration.
Bibliographic Information
Assessment of stainless steels' compatibility in food and health applications regarding their passivation ability.
Tamba, A.; Cigada, A.; Gatti, A.; Baroux, B.; Boulange, L.; Haudrechy, P.; Orlandi, M. C.
CSM, Rome, Italy.
European Commission, [Report] EUR (2001), (EUR 19986), 1-212. CODEN: CECED9 ISSN: 1018-5593. Report
written in English. CAN 137:128244 AN 2001:907398 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This study assesses the safety of stainless steels and related alloys in human health applications as a consequence of
210
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 their passivity properties, for use in day-to-day life or in biol. and surgical applications. Among the austenitic and
duplex stainless steels, using electrochem. methods, it is possible to select materials not susceptible to localized
corrosion in the human body. Furthermore, when testing stainless steels and passivable Ni and Co base alloys in
contact with cells culture as well as in prosthesis applications (s.c., bone or dental implants), attractive solns. can be
brought about without damage or distress for live beings. Conversely to pure Ni or Ni plated material, stainless steels
remain passive in sweat media and no allergic reaction is obsd. with the Ni-sensitized patient. Only strong resulfurized
grades must be avoided, due to poor corrosion resistance in acid sweat. In contact with food, stainless steels show weak
ion release, in the same order of magnitude as for the food constituents themselves. Also, compatibility with drinkable
water, agreeing with regulations and stds., is ensured, in spite of very severe exptl. conditions. In the field of hygiene
against bacteria contagion, Cu-enriched stainless steel surfaces do not appear to be effective for a long time - due to no
more diffusion from the bulk alloy after the initial consumption of the superficial Cu-enriched layer. In a legislative
frame, where European Directive 88/379/EEC on the hazards of dangerous prepns. classifies alloys like stainless steels
with Ni> 1% in the carcinogenic category C 3. This work evidences that, when the alloy is properly chosen, developing
a strong protective Fe-Cr passive layer, no nickel release can happen. Consequently, the main objective is to obtain a
stable passive film (avoiding localized corrosion), enriched in Cr and Ni free: this passivity constitutes an efficient
barrier against ion release from the bulk alloy, so the Ni content of the alloys is then unimportant.
Bibliographic Information
A DSC study of hydrated sugar alcohols: isomalt.
Borde, B.; Cesaro, A. Dep. of Biochemistry, Biophysics and
Macromolecular Chemistry, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
(2001), 66(1), 179-195. Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, CODEN: JTACF7 ISSN: 1418-2874. Journal
written in English. CAN 136:133793 AN 2001:888748 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A DSC study was carried out on isomalt, a com. sugar alc. derived from sucrose and widely used as a sweetener in the
food industry. Isomalt is a mixt. of two isomers: -D-glucopyranosyl-1-6-mannitol and -D-glucopyranosyl-1-6sorbitol. Release of the water of crystn. (around 100 C) and melting (around 150 C) were phenomenol. characterized
using different scanning rates and heat treatments. The effect of dehydration/re-hydration on the melting was
investigated. The isomalt glass transition, at about 60 C, was studied on samples cooled after melting. The dynamic
aspect of structural relaxation of isomalt was quantified by its fragility parameter. Glassy state stability was evaluated
by performing ageing expts. at sub-Tg temps. During ageing, apart from the expected enthalpy relaxation effects,
isomalt showed a peculiar behavior, due to its isomeric compn. These preliminary and phenomenol. results were
interpreted in terms of isomer structure and of carbohydrate-water interactions in the mixt.
Bibliographic Information
Primary liver cancer and occupation in men: a case-control study in a high-incidence area in Northern Italy.
Porru, Stefano; Placidi, Donatella; Carta, Angela; Gelatti, Umberto; Ribero, Maria Luisa; Tagger, Alessandro; Boffetta,
Paolo; Donato, Francesco. Institute of Occupational Health, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy. International
Journal of Cancer (2001), 94(6), 878-883. Publisher: Wiley-Liss, Inc., CODEN: IJCNAW ISSN: 0020-7136.
Journal written in English. AN 2001:817796 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The objective of our study was to evaluate the assocn. between occupation and risk of liver cancer. A hospital-based
case-control study was carried out during 1997-1999 in the Province of Brescia, a highly industrialized area in Northern
Italy with a high incidence of this neoplasm. The cases were 144 male patients with incident liver cancer (96%
hepatocellular carcinoma). Controls were 283 male patients, matched to cases on age ( 5 yr), period and hospital of
admission. Information on lifetime occupational history and alc. consumption was obtained via interview. Specific
occupational exposures to pesticides, solvents and other suspected hepatocarcinogens were evaluated. A blood sample
was collected to detect hepatitis B and C infections. Odds ratios (OR) of occupational exposure and 95% confidence
intervals (CI), adjusted for age, residence, education, heavy alc. intake, hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis C virus
antibodies positivity were computed. A statistically significant increased OR was obsd. for employment in repair of
211
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 motor vehicles (OR 3.7; 95% CI 1.1-12.3; 9 exposed cases, 10 exposed controls). Increased ORs, although not
statistically significant, were found for field-crop farm workers, food and beverage processors, blacksmiths and
machine-tool operators, elec. fitters, clerical workers, manuf. of industrial machinery and personal and household
services. A slightly increased OR was noted in workers exposed to toluene and xylene (OR 1.4; 95% CI 0.7-3.0, 23
cases, 36 controls); the OR was 2.8 (95% CI 1.0-7.6, 11 cases, 12 controls) for 20 or more years of exposure and 2.0
(95% CI 0.9-4.1, 21 cases, 28 controls) for 30 or more years of time since first exposure. The increase in OR seemed to
be independent from that of alc. or viral infections. Our study showed that the role of occupational exposures in liver
carcinogenesis is limited. However, prolonged exposure to org. solvents such as toluene and xylene may represent a
risk factor for liver cancer.
Bibliographic Information
The phenomenology of bed defluidization during the pyrolysis of a food-packaging plastic waste.
Arena, U.;
Mastellone, M. L. Department of Environmental Sciences, Second University of Naples, Caserta, Italy. Powder
Technology (2001), 120(1-2), 127-133. Publisher: Elsevier Science S.A., CODEN: POTEBX ISSN: 0032-5910.
Journal written in English.
CAN 136:106694
AN 2001:686636
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The stability, in long-term operation, of fluidized bed reactors utilized to pyrolyze plastics waste can be seriously
compromised by particle agglomeration phenomena. These phenomena can cause poor fluidization and eventually lead
to defluidization. In order to study this phenomenon, a polypropylene waste from a food-packaging industry was
utilized in a lab.-scale bubbling fluidized bed reactor. The effect of the main operating variables (bed hold-up, size of
inert material, fluidizing velocity, feed rate of plastic pellets) was studied by expts. carried out under an inert atm. The
time at which defluidization occurred was correlated with some process variables by linear relations. A modeling
approach is proposed to predict the risk of defluidization under different operating conditions.
Bibliographic Information
Optimization of Chemical and Physical Pretreatments in a Platform for the Treatment of Liquid Industrial
Wastes.
Battistoni, Paolo; Boccadoro, Raffaella; Bolzonella, David; Pezzoli, Silvia.
Institute of Hydraulics,
University of Ancona, Ancona, Italy. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2001), 40(21), 4506-4512.
Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: IECRED ISSN: 0888-5885. Journal written in English. CAN
136:24566 AN 2001:686055 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Results of managing the physicochem. pretreatment step in a platform to treat liq. wastes are discussed. This work
optimized the organization of a flow scheme to achieve the best performance in the physicochem. pretreatment step.
Starting from the initial situation (Jan-Apr 1997), wastewater types, amts., and characteristics and treatment methods
were critically discussed. Process management was subsequently (Jul-Aug 1997) modified to take advantage of
synergic power among the different liq. wastes to reduce the use of strong oxidative treatments (i.e., Fenton process)
which detd., during the first research period, a large increase of the total dissolved solids and salinity in the effluent,
without meaningful COD redns. NH4+-N removal was performed by struvite pptn., using phosphate-rich wastewater or
pure chems. A good indicator of the reliability of the new flow scheme was a salinity redn., a loss of 2800 mg/L, in the
first 2 mo. A larger redn. was obtained after a further 3 mo (total dissolved solids decreased from 17,000 to 5000
mg/L); thus, effluent characteristics became suitable for a downstream biol. process.
Bibliographic Information
System for supplying solid polymeric combustible for industrial and/or civil combustors.
Migliaccio, Patrizia.
(Italy). Eur. Pat. Appl. (2001), 9 pp. CODEN: EPXXDW EP 1130316 A1 20010905 Designated States R: AT,
BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI, LT, LV, FI, RO. Patent written in English.
Application: EP 2001-830111 20010219. Priority: IT 2000-12 20000222. CAN 135:199894 AN 2001:654762
212
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 1130316
Kind
A1
Priority Application
IT 2000-NA12
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20010905
EP 2001-830111
20010219
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO
20000222
Abstract
The present invention refers to a system and relative equipments for supplying polymeric solid fuel in combustors used
for industrial and civil purposes. The app. can use thermoplastic or thermosetting polymer and specific injectors with
materials that can be supplied as continuous elements with a suitable size and shape. Homogeneous or charged
polymeric materials can be used. The charged type materials are doped with specific additives in order to optimize the
combustion process enhancing the efficiency and minimizing the emission of polluting elements during combustion.
The main features of the present invention are use of plastic materials from recycling and/or from industrial scraps as
continuous bars, continuous wire or as discrete element suitably thermoformed immediately before the device with a
dedicated app.; easy interfacing to most industrial and civil combustion systems; best feed control of solid fuel relating
to actual systems; redn. of pollutants produced during combustion.
Bibliographic Information
Thermoplastic fluoropolymers with good impermeability to gases and vapors and with improved mechanical
properties.
Abusleme, Julio A.; Manzoni, Claudia. (Ausimont S.p.A., Italy; Solvay Solexis S.p.A.). Eur. Pat.
Appl. (2001), 11 pp. CODEN: EPXXDW EP 1130056 A2 20010905 Designated States R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK,
ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI, LT, LV, FI, RO. Patent written in English. Application: EP
2001-101785 20010126. Priority: IT 2000-248 20000215. CAN 135:211790
AN 2001:654714
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 1130056
EP 1130056
EP 1130056
Kind
A2
A3
B1
IT
IT
US
US
JP
CA
A1
B1
A1
B2
A
A1
2000MI0248
1317834
20010027236
6569946
2001270969
2337453
Priority Application
IT 2000-MI248
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20010905
EP 2001-101785
20010126
20031217
20060809
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO
20010816
IT 2000-MI248
20000215
20030715
20011004
US 2001-781210
20010213
20030527
20011002
JP 2001-37120
20010214
20010815
CA 2001-2337453
20010215
20000215
Abstract
213
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 A polymer compn. comprises (a) (co)polymers based on chlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) contg. 99 mol% of
chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) and 1 mol% of 1 fluorinated or non-fluorinated monomers, (b) (co)polymers based
on ethylene/chlorotrifluoroethylene (ECTFE) and/or ethylene/tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) in which the E:CTFE (or
TFE) molar ratio is between 1:3 and 3:1. The fluoropolymers have very good impermeability to gases and vapors
combined with improved mech. properties and good processability. The polymers can be used to make pipes, sheets,
molded articles and films which are preferably useful for packaging of food and pharmaceutical industry.
Bibliographic Information
Use of food industry by-products for the removal of fungicides from white wine.
Pifferi, P. G.; Spagna, G.;
Barbagallo, R. N.; Morselli, L.; Manenti, I.; Ranieri, C.
Scuola di Specializzazione in Chimica e Tecnologie
Alimentari, Dipartimento di Chimica Industriale, Universita di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
Italian Journal of Food
Science (2001), 13(2), 173-188. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: ITFSEY ISSN: 1120-1770. Journal
written in English. CAN 136:101380 AN 2001:562864 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The removal of seven fungicides (triadimenol, penconazole, fenarimol, iprodione, procymidone, vinclozolin and
benalaxyl) from white wine was investigated by using inorg. and org. matrixes, formed from natural macromols. Based
on the adequate aspecific adsorption obtained with lignin, some of the natural macromols. (cellulose and chitin) were
functionalized with alkylic and arylic residues. Benzoyl cellulose at a concn. of 0.25-1% wt./vol. gave 70-95% removal
of all the pesticides when they mixed together, each at 1 mg/L. It was particularly selective for iprodione, procymidone
and vinclozolin (85-90% removal, 0.25% adsorbent, 3 h at 25 ).
Bibliographic Information
Electrochemical biosensors for food analysis and the food industry.
Palleschi, G.; Cubadda, R. Dipartimento
di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, Universita di Roma, "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy. Italian Journal of Food Science
(2001), 13(2), 137-157. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: ITFSEY ISSN: 1120-1770. Journal; General
Review written in English. CAN 136:84828 AN 2001:562862 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
A review concerns the development and application of electrochem. biosensors to solve anal. problems for the food
industry. A concise description of the fundamentals of electrochem. devices is given with emphasis on their application
to detect damaged and gelatinized starch and to detect lactate, lactose and glucose in milk during mozzarella cheese
manufg. Their application to detect malic and lactic acid in wine and grapes is also reported. The review then focuses
on the detection of amino acids, such as glutamate and aspartate in food stuffs and "health foods" and lysine in feeds.
An electrochem. probe for the sequential detection of glucose and fructose in honey samples is reported. Some studies
are reported on the quality of some fruit samples evaluated by electrochem. and multivariate anal.
Bibliographic Information
High-quality fruit and vegetable products using combined processes.
Torreggiani, D.; Bertolo, G. I.V.T.P.A.,
Milan, Italy. Editor(s): Fito, Pedro.
Osmotic Dehydration & Vacuum Impregnation (2001),
3-9. Publisher:
Technomic Publishing Co., Inc., Lancaster, Pa CODEN: 69BPKT Conference; General Review written in English.
CAN 136:166180 AN 2001:548864 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review of the results of studies conducted to evaluate the effect of both raw material characteristics and process
parameters on texture, color, and vitamin C retention in frozen kiwifruit slices after processing and during frozen
storage. Despite the large no. of theor. and exptl. studies, combined processes are still hard to find in the food industry.
The wide range of possibilities regarding raw material characteristics, process parameters, and flow sheets make it very
214
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 difficult for these processes to be applied. Since combined processes could be effective and useful tools for formulating
new fruit ingredients with functional, sensory, and nutritional characteristics suitable for specific industrial uses, further
research is needed to implement such interesting techniques.
Bibliographic Information
Composting of solid and sludge residues from agricultural and food industries. Bioindicators of monitoring and
compost maturity.
Ranalli, G.; Bottura, G.; Taddei, P.; Garavani, M.; Marchetti, R.; Sorlini, C. Dip. Scienze e
Tecnologie Agro-Alimentari, Ambientali e Microbiologiche, Universita del Molise, Campobasso, Italy. Journal of
Environmental Science and Health, Part A: Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering (2001),
A36(4), 415-436. Publisher: Marcel Dekker, Inc., CODEN: JATEF9 ISSN: 1093-4529. Journal written in English.
CAN 135:141671 AN 2001:455090 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A study to monitor the composting process, to evaluate the effectiveness of bioindicators for the quality and maturity of
cured compost obtained by a mixt. of winery residues, sludges from dairies and solid residues from food processing
(grape-stalks, grape-dregs, rice husks), was conducted. Composting process lasting 5 mo was monitored by chemicophys., spectroscopic (FTIR, DTG and DSC), microbiol. and enzymic analyses. Biol. activities (ATP, DHA contents
and several enzymic activities), impedance variations (DT) of mixed cultures during growth and potential pathogens (E.
coli and Salmonella), were detd. The phytotoxicity tests gave a germination index >90% and no significant genotoxic
differences between controls and the compost samples were evidenced. Pathogens were not found on the cured
compost that can therefore be satisfactorily used as amendment for agricultural crops. However, no single measurement
of a composting process factor, biol., chem. or phys., gave a comprehensive view of the quality of a specific
composting. We propose a tool of bioindicators of potential activity and markers in combination for integrated
evaluation of monitoring of composting process and compost quality. The responses of several enzymic activities were
pos. and indicative of their favorable use capable to reveal even very small changes within microbial population and
activity in test and monitoring of compost programs.
Bibliographic Information
Determining the binding capability of the mouse major urinary proteins using 2-Naphthol as a fluorescent
probe. Sartor, Giorgio; Pagani, Raffaella; Ferrari, Elena; Sorbi, Robert Tibor; Cavaggioni, Andrea; Cavatorta, Paolo;
Spisni, Alberto. Department of Experimental and Evolutionary Biology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
Analytical Biochemistry (2001), 292(1), 69-75. Publisher: Academic Press, CODEN: ANBCA2 ISSN: 0003-2697.
Journal written in English. CAN 135:2438 AN 2001:292703 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
The mouse major urinary proteins (MUPs) are an ensemble of isoforms secreted by adult male mice and involved in
sexual olfactory communication. MUPs belong to the lipocalin superfamily, whose conserved structure is a -barrel
made of eight antiparallel -strands forming a hydrophobic pocket that accommodates small org. mols. A detailed
knowledge of the mol. mechanism assocd. to the binding of those mols. can guide protein engineering to devise mutated
proteins where the ligand specificity, binding affinity, and release rate can be modulated. Proteins with such peculiar
properties may have interesting biotechnol. applications for pest control, as well as in food and cosmetic industries. In
this work, we demonstrate that the fluorescent mol. 2-naphthol binds to the natural ligand's binding site of MUPs with
high affinity. In addn., we show that 2-naphthol binds to MUPs in its protonated form, that its fluorescence is blueshifted, and the quantum yield is increased, thus confirming the high hydrophobicity of the protein pocket and the
absence of proton acceptors inside the binding site. At large the results presented, besides demonstrating that the use of
2-naphthol provides a convenient and quick method for testing MUPs binding activity and to ascertain the quality of the
protein prepn., suggest that MUPs can represent an interesting system for studying the photophys. characteristics of
fluorescent mols. in a highly hydrophobic environment. (c) 2001 Academic Press.
Bibliographic Information
215
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 A kinetic and mass transfer model to simulate the growth of baker's yeast in industrial bioreactors.
Di Serio,
M.; Tesser, R.; Santacesaria, E. Dipartimento di Chimica, Federico II, via Cinthia, Universita degli Studi di Napoli,
Naples, Italy. Chemical Engineering Journal (Lausanne) (2001), 82(1-3), 347-354. Publisher: Elsevier Science
S.A., CODEN: CMEJAJ ISSN: 1385-8947. Journal written in English.
CAN 135:18604
AN 2001:196298
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A structured unsegregated cybernetic model, able to simulate the growth of baker's yeast in any possible condition in
multistage industrial prodn. has been developed. The model has first been proven in the simulation of the behavior of a
lab. batch bioreactor, describing the evolution with time of the biomass growth rate, the glucose and oxygen
consumption as well as the prodn. of ethanol and carbon dioxide. The same model with the same parameters has then
been used to simulate both lab. and industrial size fed-batch bioreactors achieving satisfactory results. The effect of the
oxygen mass transfer limitation in fed-batch bioreactors has also been described and discussed. The model developed
allows to find and keep the optimal conditions of biomass growth in industrial fed-batch bioreactors.
Bibliographic Information
A process for purifying organic sewage and the biomass material obtained thereof.
Bertolotto, Antonio.
(Marcopolo Engineering S.R.L., Italy).
PCT Int. Appl. (2001),
CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2001007379 A1
20010201 Designated States W: AU, BG, BR, CA, CZ, EE, HR, HU, LT, LV, MX, NO, NZ, PL, RO, SI, SK, US, YU.
Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE. Patent written
in English. Application: WO 2000-EP6831 20000718. Priority: IT 99-651 19990723. AN 2001:73648 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2001007379
Kind
A1
IT 99TO0651
IT 1310635
A1
B1
Priority Application
IT 1999-TO651
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20010201
WO 2000-EP6831
20000718
W: AU, BG, BR, CA, CZ, EE, HR, HU, LT, LV, MX, NO, NZ, PL, RO, SI, SK,
US, YU
RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
20010123
IT 1999-TO651
19990723
20020219
19990723
Abstract
A process for the depuration of at least one type of waste or refuse organic sewage coming from livestock-breeding
farms, slaughter-houses, the foodstuff industry and the like, and for obtaining a biomass usable for the production of
energy, for the production of fertilisers and for other applications, characterised in that it comprises the following steps:
(a) collecting said sewage in a tank; (b) taking the sewage from said tank and treating it through at least one filtering
mass of flaking material that is able to withhold macroscopic and microscopic particles present in the sewage; and (c)
once saturation of at least one part of said filtering mass has been reached, periodically removing the saturated mass and
replacing it with a new filtering mass.
Bibliographic Information
Plant for the depuration of industrial and civil wastes.
Derago Matteucci, Massimo. (Ecosistema S.r.l., Italy).
PCT Int. Appl. (2001), 10 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2001004059 A1 20010118 Designated States W: AE, AL,
AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, CA, CH, CN, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH,
216
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW,
MX, NO, NZ, PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZW,
AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE,
IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent written in English.
Application: WO 2000-IT104 20000324. Priority: IT 99-447 19990714. CAN 134:90556
AN 2001:50592
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2001004059
Kind
A1
IT 99RM0447
IT 1306887
A1
B1
Priority Application
IT 1999-RM447
A
Date
Application No.
Date
20010118
WO 2000-IT104
20000324
W: AE, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, CA, CH, CN, CU, CZ,
DE, DK, DM, DZ, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN,
IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG,
MK, MN, MW, MX, NO, NZ, PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL,
TJ, TM, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZW
RW: GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZW, AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK,
ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI,
CM, GA, GN, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG
20010115
IT 1999-RM447
19990714
20011011
19990714
Abstract
The invention relates to a depuration plant for civil and industrial wastewater comprising means to feed water to be
treated from the above into a first flocculation and pptn. chamber; means for dosing from the above a flocculation
compd. into said first chamber; stirring means, to stir waste waters and compd. within said first chamber, said first
chamber being provided at the bottom with a passage into a second chamber, said second chamber being externally
substantially coaxial with respect to said first chamber, for the reascending of the purified water, said first chamber
being further provided with an opening for the exit of the pptd. mud; removal means for the pptd. mud and removal
means for the purified water.
Bibliographic Information
Enzymatic extraction of carotenoids from plant material using two immiscible liquid phases.
Fidaleo M;
Lavecchia R; Marsili E
Istituto di Tecnologie Agroalimentari, Facolta di Agraria, Universita della Tuscia, Via S.
Camillo de Lellis, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
Mededelingen (Rijksuniversiteit te Gent. Fakulteit van de Landbouwkundige
en Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen) (2001), 66(3a), 295-8. Journal code: 100967625. ISSN:1373-7503.
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 15954605 AN 2005307424 MEDLINE
(Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The kinetics of extraction of carotenoids from orange flavedo was investigated. Extraction was carried out using a
mixture of degrading enzymes and an edible oil as the solvent. More than 70 microg of carotenoids per g of wet
flavedo were extracted within the first 3-4 hours. The results obtained were interpreted by a simple kinetic model
considering the unsteady mass transfer of carotenoids in the two-phase system.
Bibliographic Information
Recombinant lipoxygenases as biocatalysts for natural flavour production.
217
Gallo A; Mita G; Zasiura C; Casey
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 R; Santino A; Zacheo G Istituto di Ricerca sulle Biotecnologie Agroalimentan, C.N.R., Via Prov. le Lecce-Monteroni,
73100 Lecee, Italy
Mededelingen (Rijksuniversiteit te Gent. Fakulteit van de Landbouwkundige en Toegepaste
Biologische Wetenschappen)
(2001),
66(3a),
267-72.
Journal code: 100967625.
ISSN:1373-7503.
(COMPARATIVE STUDY); Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T)
written in English. PubMed ID 15954598 AN 2005307417 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library
of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
We identified a lipoxygenase expressed early during almond seed development. Biochemical and molecular
characterisation showed that the enzyme produces almost exclusively 9-hydroperoxides which have been demonstrated
to be important factors for the production of characteristic aromas in several fruits. An almond LOX cDNA was
identified by RT-PCR using RNA extracted from immature almond seeds. Sequence analysis revealed that the
identified gene is closely related to tomato fruit and potato tuber lipoxygenases. The isolated cDNA was cloned into
pET24a and the expression of recombinant protein was induced in E. coli. The presence of an active LOX was
confirmed in cells containing the recombinant vector. HPLC analysis of the reaction products of recombinant almond
LOX confirmed that the isolated cDNA encodes a 9-LOX.
Bibliographic Information
Genetic transformation of Vitis vinifera via organogenesis.
Mezzetti Bruno; Pandolfini Tiziana; Navacchi
Oriano; Landi Lucia Dipartimento Biotecnologie Agrarie e Ambientali, University of Ancona, Via Brecce Bianche
60100-Ancona Italy. [email protected] BMC biotechnology (2002), 2 18. Journal code: 101088663. E-ISSN:14726750. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID 12354328 AN 2003506053
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Efficient transformation and regeneration methods are a priority for successful application of genetic
engineering to vegetative propagated plants such as grape. The current methods for the production of transgenic grape
plants are based on Agrobacterium-mediated transformation followed by regeneration from embryogenic callus.
However, grape embryogenic calli are laborious to establish and the phenotype of the regenerated plants can be altered.
RESULTS: Transgenic grape plants (V. vinifera, table-grape cultivars Silcora and Thompson Seedless) were produced
using a method based on regeneration via organogenesis. In vitro proliferating shoots were cultured in the presence of
increasing concentrations of N6-benzyl adenine. The apical dome of the shoot was removed at each transplantation
which, after three months, produced meristematic bulk tissue characterized by a strong capacity to differentiate
adventitious shoots. Slices prepared from the meristematic bulk were used for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation
of grape plants with the gene DefH9-iaaM. After rooting on kanamycin containing media and greenhouse
acclimatization, transgenic plants were transferred to the field. At the end of the first year of field cultivation, DefH9iaaM grape plants were phenotypically homogeneous and did not show any morphological alterations in vegetative
growth. The expression of DefH9-iaaM gene was detected in transgenic flower buds of both cultivars.
CONCLUSIONS: The phenotypic homogeneity of the regenerated plants highlights the validity of this method for both
propagation and genetic transformation of table grape cultivars. Expression of the DefH9-iaaM gene takes place in
young flower buds of transgenic plants from both grape cultivars.
Bibliographic Information
Genetically modified parthenocarpic eggplants: improved fruit productivity under both greenhouse and open
field cultivation.
Acciarri Nazzareno; Restaino Federico; Vitelli Gabriele; Perrone Domenico; Zottini Michela;
Pandolfini Tiziana; Spena Angelo; Rotino Giuseppe Research Institute for Vegetable Crops, Monsampolo del Tronto,
AP, Italy. [email protected]
BMC biotechnology (2002), 2 4. Journal code: 101088663. E-ISSN:1472-6750.
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English. PubMed
ID 11934354 AN 2003506043 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
218
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
BACKGROUND: Parthenocarpy, or fruit development in the absence of fertilization, has been genetically engineered
in eggplant and in other horticultural species by using the DefH9-iaaM gene. The iaaM gene codes for tryptophan
monoxygenase and confers auxin synthesis, while the DefH9 controlling regions drive expression of the gene
specifically in the ovules and placenta. A previous greenhouse trial for winter production of genetically engineered
(GM) parthenocarpic eggplants demonstrated a significant increase (an average of 33% increase) in fruit production
concomitant with a reduction in cultivation costs. RESULTS: GM parthenocarpic eggplants have been evaluated in
three field trials. Two greenhouse spring trials have shown that these plants outyielded the corresponding
untransformed genotypes, while a summer trial has shown that improved fruit productivity in GM eggplants can also be
achieved in open field cultivation. Since the fruits were always seedless, the quality of GM eggplant fruits was
improved as well. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that the DefH9-iaaM gene is expressed during late stages of fruit
development. CONCLUSIONS: The DefH9-iaaM parthenocarpic gene is a biotechnological tool that enhances the
agronomic value of all eggplant genotypes tested. The main advantages of DefH9-iaaM eggplants are: i) improved fruit
productivity (at least 30-35%) under both greenhouse and open field cultivation; ii) production of good quality
(marketable) fruits during different types of cultivation; iii) seedless fruit with improved quality. Such advantages have
been achieved without the use of either male or female sterility genes.
Bibliographic Information
Optimisation of transgene action at the post-transcriptional level: high quality parthenocarpic fruits in
industrial tomatoes.
Pandolfini Tiziana; Rotino Giuseppe L; Camerini Serena; Defez Roberto; Spena Angelo
Dipartimento Scientifico Tecnologico, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. [email protected]
BMC
biotechnology (2002), 2 1. Journal code: 101088663. E-ISSN:1472-6750. (COMPARATIVE STUDY); Journal;
Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID
11818033 AN 2003506040 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Genetic engineering of parthenocarpy confers to horticultural plants the ability to produce fruits
under environmental conditions that curtail fruit productivity and quality. The DefH9-iaaM transgene, whose predicted
action is to confer auxin synthesis specifically in the placenta, ovules and derived tissues, has been shown to confer
parthenocarpy to several plant species (tobacco, eggplant, tomato) and varieties. RESULTS: UC82 tomato plants, a
typical cultivar used by the processing industry, transgenic for the DefH9-iaaM gene produce parthenocarpic fruits that
are malformed. UC82 plants transgenic for the DefH9-RI-iaaM, a DefH9-iaaM derivative gene modified in its 5'ULR
by replacing 53 nucleotides immediately upstream of the AUG initiation codon with an 87 nucleotides-long sequence
derived from the rolA intron sequence, produce parthenocarpic fruits of high quality. In an in vitro translation system,
the iaaM mRNA, modified in its 5'ULR is translated 3-4 times less efficiently than the original transcript. An optimal
expressivity of parthenocarpy correlates with a reduced transgene mRNA steady state level in DefH9-RI-iaaM flower
buds in comparison to DefH9-iaaM flower buds. Consistent with the known function of the iaaM gene, flower buds
transgenic for the DefH9-RI-iaaM gene contain ten times more IAA than control untransformed flower buds, but five
times less than DefH9-iaaM flower buds. CONCLUSIONS: By using an auxin biosynthesis transgene downregulated
at the post-transcriptional level, an optimal expressivity of parthenocarpy has been achieved in a genetic background not
suitable for the original transgene. Thus, the method allows the generation of a wider range of expressivity of the
desired trait in transgenic plants.
Bibliographic Information
Olive mill solid residues as heavy metal sorbent material: a preliminary study.
Pagnanelli Francesca; Toro
Luigi; Veglio Francesco Dipartimento di Chimica, Facolta di SMFN, Universita degli Studi La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
[email protected]
Waste management (New York, N.Y.) (2002), 22(8), 901-7. Journal code:
9884362. ISSN:0956-053X. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 12423052 AN
2002662832 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
219
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Biosorption of heavy metals is an innovative and alternative technology to remove these pollutants from aqueous
solutions using inactive and dead biomasses such as agricultural and industrial wastes, algae and bacteria. In this study
olive mill solid residue was used as heavy metal adsorbent material for its wide availability as agricultural waste and
also for its cellulosic matrix, rich of potential metal binding active sites. Preliminary studies concerned with the
removal of different heavy metals (Hg, Pb, Cu, Zn and Cd), the effect of pre-treatments by water and n-hexane and the
regeneration possibility. Olive mill solid residue resulted able to remove heavy metals from aqueous solutions with an
affinity series reflecting the hydrolytic properties of the metallic ions, but also a particular affinity for copper. It can be
supposed that biosorption phenomenon occur by a general ion exchange mechanism combined with a specific
complexation reaction for copper ions. Water pre-treatment is sufficient to reduce COD release in the effluent
according to the law limit, while n-hexane pre-treatment strongly reduces also the adsorption properties of this material.
Experimental isotherms obtained under different operating conditions were fitted using a non linear regression method
for the estimation of the Langmuir parameters. Moreover a simple Scatchard plot analysis was performed for a
preliminary investigation of the active sites, showing the presence of two different site affinities depending on the metal
concentration, according to the previous hypothesis of two kinds of uptake mechanisms for copper biosorption.
Regeneration tests gave good results in terms of yield of regeneration and also concentration ratios.
Bibliographic Information
Recovery of anthocyanins from pulp wash of pigmented oranges by concentration on resins. Di Mauro Alfio;
Arena Elena; Fallico Biagio; Passerini Amedeo; Maccarone Emanuele
Dipartimento di OrtoFloroArboricoltura e
Tecnologie Agroalimentari, Sezione Tecnologie Agroalimentari, Universita degli Studi di Catania, Via S. Sofia 98,
95123 Catania, Italy
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2002), 50(21), 5968-74. Journal code: 0374755.
ISSN:0021-8561. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); (RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in
English.
PubMed ID 12358467 AN 2002497976
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of
Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A pulp wash (PW) coming from a plant for citrus processing of pigmented oranges was utilized as a starting material to
recover anthocyanins, using the procedure of concentration on resin. Six commercial food-grade resins were tested to
find the more suitable ones for adsorbing anthocyanins, and 96% ethanol was used as eluent for desorbing them. An
automated experimental apparatus was developed to perform the adsorption-desorption procedure on column. The
kinetics results in a batch system and experiments on column showed that the more efficient resins are those made of
styrene-divinylbenzene having a pore radius ranging from 70 to 150 A and a surface area from 600 to 800 m(2)/g,
namely, Sepabeads SP 70 and Relite EXA 90. The richest fractions collected from these resins contained about 95% of
the anthocyanins in a volume of about 2% of the loaded PW. The HPLC profile of the desorbed anthocyanins is the
same as that in PW. These fractions contain other phenol compounds, such as hesperidin and derivatives of
hydroxycinnamic acids, in remarkable amounts. Ethanol can be easily removed from the solution and recycled, thus
affording a much more concentrated product which can find application as a food colorant or antioxidant ingredient for
a nutritional integrator.
Bibliographic Information
Basic requirements for the transfer of fermentation technologies to developing countries.
Rolle R; Satin M
Agro-Industries and Post-Harvest Management Service, Agricultural Support Systems Division, Food and Agriculture
Organisation of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. [email protected] International journal of food microbiology
(2002), 75(3), 181-7. Journal code: 8412849. ISSN:0168-1605. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General
Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 12036141 AN 2002295609 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008
U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Traditional small-scale fermentation technologies offer considerable potential for stimulating development in the food
industry of developing countries in light of their low cost, scalability, minimal energy and infrastructural requirements
220
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 and the wide consumer acceptance of fermented products in these countries. Efficient transfer and adaptation of these
technologies is, however, often limited by inadequate basic scientific knowledge of the processes involved and the lack
of appropriate biological inoculants and process controls for these technologies. Basic infrastructures, such as suitably
equipped laboratories with consistent working conditions, a constant supply of good quality water and reliable power
supplies, are critical elements of a minimal technology base for transfer and adaptation of these technologies. Building
the institutional capacity in developing countries to facilitate research and development geared toward a better
understanding of the technologies applied in small-scale traditional fermentations is essential, as is the encouragement
of governments to formulate supportive national policies, which promote small-scale agro-industrial development.
Socioeconomic considerations play a critical role in the successful and sustainable transfer and adoption of technologies
and their products in developing countries.
Bibliographic Information
Different case definitions to describe the prevalence of occupational carpal tunnel syndrome in meat industry
workers.
Isolani Lucia; Bonfiglioli Roberta; Raffi Giovanni B; Violante Francesco S Occupational Health Unit,
Policlinico Sant'Orsola-Malpighi, via P. Palagi 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy. [email protected]
International archives of occupational and environmental health (2002), 75(4), 229-34. Journal code: 7512134.
ISSN:0340-0131. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English.
PubMed ID 11981656 AN
2002243219 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in a group of meat
industry workers, using typical symptoms, median nerve conduction studies (NCSs) and their combinations. In the case
definition including the NCSs, we tested the electrodiagnostic reference values derived from the general healthy
population and from the asymptomatic study population. METHODS: One-hundred fourteen workers were examined
by clinical interviews and median NCSs. RESULTS: The prevalence of CTS varied from 11% to 53%, with a
progressive reduction passing from symptoms to NCSs to the their combinations. The prevalence was identical and the
highest at the same time (53%) considering the case definitions based only on the symptoms and only on the NCSs with
Kimura's reference values. Using the asymptomatic workers' electrodiagnostic reference values, alone or in
combination with symptoms, the prevalence of CTS was the lowest (respectively, 15% and 11%). CONCLUSIONS: In
the epidemiological studies, median NCSs should be considered desirable, if not essential, for confirming a clinical
diagnosis, most of all in the longitudinal studies. In the future of CTS diagnosis, attention should be paid to the
electrodiagnostic reference values that are discriminating to confirm the presence or not of the disease.
Bibliographic Information
Liquid chromatographic determination of simple phenolic compounds in waste waters from olive oil production
plants.
Ceccon L; Saccu D; Procida G; Cardinali S Universita di Udine, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche,
Italy. [email protected]
Journal of AOAC International (2001), 84(6), 1739-44. Journal code:
9215446. ISSN:1060-3271. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 11767140 AN
2002037840 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A method was developed for the determination of simple phenolic compounds (PCs) in waste waters from olive oil
production plants by liquid chromatography (LC). The sample under examination was acidified to pH 2 to precipitate
proteins, acetone was added to eliminate the colloidal fraction, and hexane was used for extraction to eliminate lipidic
substances. The solution obtained was filtered and injected into the LC system; the wavelength selected for the
spectrophotometric detection was specific for PCs, so that carbohydrates, organic acids, and short-chain free fatty acids
did not interfere. Recoveries of 9 PCs spiked to a real sample were 90-100% for concentrations ranging from 20 to
2000 mg/L for each analyte.
Bibliographic Information
221
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Innovative fermentation strategies for the production of extremophilic enzymes.
Erratum in: Extremophiles
2001 Dec;5(6):431 Schiraldi C; Acone M; Giuliano M; Di Lernia I; Maresca C; Carteni M; de Rosa M Department
of Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples-CRIB, Italy
Extremophiles : life under extreme conditions
(2001), 5(3), 193-8. Journal code: 9706854. ISSN:1431-0651. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE);
(RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T) written in English.
PubMed ID 11453463 AN 2002019602
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A new type of microfiltration (MF) bioreactor, developed in our laboratory, was investigated for use in improving
efficiency of the production of extremophilic enzymes. In spite of the difficulties in cultivating hyperthermophiles, we
achieved, in 300 h fermentation, more than 38 g/l dry weight of Sulfolobus solfataricus using a MF technique, and we
demonstrated that the activity of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), as the reporter enzyme, was not affected by cell
density. However, hyperthermophile cultivation is difficult to scale up because of evaporation and the very low growth
rate. Thus, to achieve high productivity we cultivated, in the MF bioreactor, recombinant mesophilic hosts engineered
for the production of two thermophilic enzymes, namely, trehalosyldextrin-forming enzyme (SsTDFE) and trehaloseforming enzyme (SsTFE) from Sulfolobus solfataricus. The traditional Luria-Bertani broth used for recombinant
Escherichia coli growth was replaced with a semidefined medium. The latter was used in both the batch and the MF
experiments, and the ratio of complex components (e.g., yeast extract and tryptone) to a simple carbon source (glycerol)
was decreased during the fed-batch phase to further decrease the medium cost in view of industrial applications. The
bioprocess developed was able to improve productivity 500 fold for rSsTFE and 60 fold for rSsTDFE with respect to
the wild type cultivated in MF mode. Comparisons with another recombinant enzyme, alpha-glucosidase (rSsalphagly),
from Sulfolobus solfataricus produced in our MF bioreactor are reported.
Bibliographic Information
Codex as the basis for national standards and international harmonization. Tontisiri K; Lepretre C Food and
Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO, Rome, Italy
Biomedical and
environmental sciences : BES (2001), 14(1-2), 137-44. Journal code: 8909524. ISSN:0895-3988. Journal; Article;
(JOURNAL ARTICLE); General Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 11594472 AN 2001548230
MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Bibliographic Information
ICS-UNIDO programme in the area of pure and applied chemistry. Activities in the subprogramme of
remediation and focus on food contamination. Miertus S ICS-UNIDO, Trieste, Italy
Arhiv za higijenu rada i
toksikologiju (2001), 52(1), 3-9. Journal code: 0373100. ISSN:0004-1254. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE)
written in English. PubMed ID 11370296 AN 2001274090 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library
of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Bibliographic Information
Occupational generalised urticaria and allergic airborne asthma due to anisakis simplex.
Scala E; Giani M;
Pirrotta L; Guerra E C; Cadoni S; Girardelli C R; De Pita O; Puddu P Dept. of Immunodermatology, Allergy &
Clinical Immunology, Istituto Dermopatico dell'Immacolata, I.D.I.-IRCCS, Rome, Italy. [email protected]
European
journal of dermatology : EJD (2001), 11(3), 249-50. Journal code: 9206420. ISSN:1167-1122. (CASE REPORTS);
Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE) written in English. PubMed ID 11358735 AN 2001267838 MEDLINE
(Copyright (C) 2008 U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Anisakis simplex (AS), a fish and cephalopodes parasite, may cause allergic reactions in humans on eating and/or
handling contaminated fish. We present a case of occupational hypersensitivity to AS in a woman employed in a
frozen-fish factory. She showed both generalised urticarial rash and asthmatic symptoms after work place exposure.
All these symptoms immediately disappeared after work place exposure was ceased. The presence of a positive skin
222
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 prick test and high specific IgE values confirmed a hypersensitivity to anisakis. This is the first case reported of both
occupational generalised urticaria and allergic airborne asthma due to AS in the same patient. We suggest that AS
could be an important cause of occupational asthma and/or urticaria in the fish industry.
Bibliographic Information
Introducing chemists to food allergy. Ortolani C; Ispano M; Scibilia J; Pastorello E A Centro di Allergologia e
Immunologia Clinica, Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda, Milan, Italy. [email protected]
Allergy
(2001), 56 Suppl 67 5-8. Journal code: 7804028. ISSN:0105-4538. Journal; Article; (JOURNAL ARTICLE); General
Review; (REVIEW) written in English. PubMed ID 11297997 AN 2001209857 MEDLINE (Copyright (C) 2008
U.S. National Library of Medicine on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Adverse reactions to food may be toxic or non toxic, depending on the susceptibility to a certain food; non toxic
reactions that involve immune mechanisms are termed allergy if they are IgE-mediated. If no immunological
mechanism is responsible, it is termed intolerance. The following disorders are considered a consequence of food
allergy: gastrointestinal reactions (oral allergy syndrome, vomiting, diarrhea, protein-induced enterocolitic syndrome,
eosinophilic gastroenteritis); respiratory reactions (rhinitis, asthma, laryngeal edema); cutaneous reactions (urticariaangioedema, atopic dermatitis); anaphylaxis. There is much recent evidence to consider celiac disease an
immunological disorder. Food allergy diagnosis is based on history, SPT, specific IgE, food challenges. DBPCFC is
fundamental for diagnosing true food allergy; patients who have had anaphylaxis to food must not undergo DBPCFC.
Rapidly progressive respiratory reactions and anaphylactic shock are life-threatening reactions that can be caused by
food allergy. The doses of food inducing anaphylaxis can be very low, therefore commercial cross-contamination with
an unsuspected food during food processing can be risky for the food allergic patient. The prevention of severe
anaphylactic food reactions may lie in interdisciplinary collaboration among allergologists, chemists, food
technologists, and experts in food industry research.
100 references were found when refined by Publication Year "1998-2000"
Bibliographic Information
Method and apparatus for analyte measurement under non isothermic conditions.
Portaccio, Marianna;
Santucci, Massimo; Rossi, Sergio; Bencivenga, Umberto; Gaeta, Francesco Saverio; Mita, Gustavo Damiano.
(Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy). Ital. (2000), 25 pp. CODEN: ITXXBY IT 1302906 B1 20001010
Patent written in Italian. Application: IT 98-754 19981204. Priority: . CAN 137:244239
AN 2002:779892
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 1302906
Kind
B1
Priority Application
IT 1998-RM754
Date
20001010
Application No.
IT 1998-RM754
Date
19981204
19981204
Abstract
An invention involving a method for the measurement of analytes under non isothermic conditions and the biosensor
app. for implementation. The method shows an improvement in parameter sensitivity and in reduced response time.
The method may be used in the ecol., food and industrial sectors.
Bibliographic Information
223
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Process and apparatus for the production of biological agents from vegetable material. The proposed system is
characterized by high productivity, an automatic and continuous functioning and adaptability to industrial use.
Baldo, Ruggero. (Italy). Ital. (2000), 18 pp. CODEN: ITXXBY IT 1302888 B1 20001010 Patent written in
Italian. Application: IT 98-734 19981201. Priority: . CAN 137:168401 AN 2002:666939 CAPLUS (Copyright
(C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 1302888
Kind
B1
Priority Application
IT 1998-RM734
Date
20001010
Application No.
IT 1998-RM734
Date
19981201
19981201
Abstract
An invention involving a method and app. for the continuous prepn. of biol. agents in aq. solns. The method is used for
the prodn. of biol. agents, such as fungi, capable of intervening pos. in the degrdn. of lignin. The process and app.
would render an enzymic aq. soln. of concd. biol. action with the ability to degrade vegetable matter. The enzymic
soln. is obtained from two different phases; the "solid phase" provides the highly concd. enzymic soln. This process
may have industrial applications in the following fields: pharmaceuticals, textiles, food, animal feed, etc.
Bibliographic Information
Genetic and molecular approaches for upgrading starch and protein fractions in maize kernels.
Rossi, V.;
Hartings, H.; Thompson, Richard D.; Motto, Mario. Istituto Sperimentale per la Cerealicoltura - Bergamo Section,
Bergamo, Italy. Genetika (Belgrade, Yugoslavia) (2000), 32(3), 283-301. Publisher: Yugoslav Union of Biological
Sciences, CODEN: GNTKDF ISSN: 0534-0012. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 136:196964
AN 2002:16980 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In this review we have attempted to cover the recent research related to regulatory mechanisms of starch and storage
protein synthesis in the maize seeds. Understanding the genetic organization and the regulatory mechanisms involved
in carbohydrate and storage protein accumulation in maize seed may give use to novel approaches for increasing the
nutritional value of grain and for producing materials for non-food manufg. industries. In particular, we focus our
attention on the developmental genetic and environmental factors which appear to influence the compn. of carbohydrate
and storage protein fractions in the seed. Genetic and mol. approaches for upgrading grain protein and starch quantity
and quality of maize grains are also discussed.
Bibliographic Information
Cereal processing with whey or demineralized water to obtain food and feed products.
Menegatto, Mario.
(Te.Me, Italy). Ital. (1999),
27 pp. CODEN: ITXXBY IT 1297791 B1 19991220 Patent written in Italian.
Application: IT 97-11 19971217. Priority: . CAN 136:36746 AN 2001:934124 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
IT 1297791
Kind
B1
Date
19991220
Application No.
IT 1997-RO11
Priority Application
224
Date
19971217
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 IT 1997-RO11
19971217
Abstract
Biochem. and industrial procedures (e.g., hydrolysis, fermn., homogenization, sepn.) are used to obtain products from
wet or dried cereals (e.g., corn) and cereal milling products by combining them with whey or demineralized water. The
action of amylolytic or proteolytic enzymes, bacteria, fungi, etc., are used to produce probiotic high-protein flours,
sugar syrups, oils, amino acid concs., yeasts, lactic acid bacteria, enzymes, probiotic products, etc.
Bibliographic Information
The phenomenology of bed defluidization during the pyrolysis of a food-packaging plastic waste.
Arena, U.;
Mastellone, M. L. Department of Environmental Sciences, Second University of Naples, Caserta, Italy. Recents
Progres en Genie des Procedes (2000), 14(76), 649-656. Publisher: Tec & Doc - Lavoisier, CODEN: RPGPEX
ISSN: 1166-7478. Journal written in English. CAN 136:10320 AN 2001:646659 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The stability of long-term operations of fluidized bed reactors utilized as pyrolyzers of plastics waste can be seriously
compromised by particle agglomeration phenomena, which can generate a worsening of fluidization and eventually lead
to the defluidization. In order to investigate this phenomenon, a polypropylene waste, coming from a food-packaging
industry, has been fed in a lab. scale bubbling fluidized bed reactor. The effect of the main operating variables (bed
hold-up, size of inert material, fluidizing velocity, feed rate of plastic pellets) was investigated by means of expts.
carried out under inert atm. The time at which defluidization occurred was correlated with some process variables by
means of linear relationships. A new modeling approach was also proposed in order to predict the risk of defluidization
under different operating conditions.
Bibliographic Information
Packaging as an opportunity to create design that reflects the communicational, functional and logistical
requirements of food products.
Meroni, Anna. Milan, Italy. Packaging Technology & Science (2000), 13(6),
243-248. Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., CODEN: PTSCEQ ISSN: 0894-3214. Journal; General Review written
in English. CAN 135:258000 AN 2001:263760 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 13 refs. Of industrial food products is the most important means of a product's image and taste value.
When the nature of its interface contents are the product of carefully planned imaging, the product has advantages in
defining its image and product identity. Modern food trends an ever-increasing amt. of services: The so-called
"functional " and "active packaging" are prime examples of this service. The greatest within this category of products
consists literally of their interaction food. These features create numerous fallbacks within all stages of the of a product,
requiring a complex and multidisciplinary evaluation. The strategy of services which this packaging will offer to the
consumer is to be defined, and still to be identified within the key applications are the of the intermediary links of the
prodn. process. This requires the of the semantic and communicative aspects of the packaging which be confused with
the foodstuffs, the individualization of appropriate user, control of logistical and location aspect of prodn., and a careful
of a comprehensive environmental balance, all issues that are parts of the European project, Actipak. It is hoped,
therefore, that the of these packaging systems will become a motive to try out a more and systematic design process for
foodstuffs, in which innovative is used to provide effective benefits to the consumer.
Bibliographic Information
Analysis of milk ageing by a sol-gel sensors array.
Siciliano, P.; Rella, R.; Capone, S.; Taurino, A.; Vasanelli, L.
Dipartimento Ingegneria dell'Innovazione, Universita di Lecce, Lecce, Italy. Editor(s): Di Natale, Corrado; D'Amico,
225
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Arnaldo; Siciliano, Pietro.
Sensors and Microsystems, Proceedings of the Italian Conference: Extended to
Mediterranean Countries, 5th, Lecce, Italy, Feb. 12-16, 2000 (2000),
243-247. Publisher: World Scientific
Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore, Singapore CODEN: 69AZQQ Conference written in English. CAN 135:60316
AN 2001:196536 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
There is growing interest in the development of electronic odor detection multisensor system for objective evaluation of
aroma food. Study of food storage, freshness control and ageing is one of the most important application field for this
new class of device (named the "electronic nose"). In this paper we report a specific application of semiconductor thin
films-based electronic nose in the control of the rancidity of two different milk (UHT and pasteurized) during storage.
The active elements of the array were undoped and Os-, Ni-, Pt-, Pd-doped SnO2 thin films prepd. by the sol-gel
method. Principal Component Anal. (PCA), applied to the data coming from the sensor responses gave satisfactory
results in tracking dynamic evolution of milk that could lead to com. application in the food industry.
Bibliographic Information
Molecular markers in olive trees: current status and potential applications to olive oils.
Pasqualone, Antonella;
Caponio, Francesco.
Dip. Progettazione e Gestione Sistemi Agro-Zootecnici Forestali, Univ. Bari, Bari, Italy.
Industrie Alimentari (Pinerolo, Italy) (2000), 39(398), 1397-1402. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN:
INALBB ISSN: 0019-901X. Journal; General Review written in Italian. CAN 134:279718 AN 2001:154112
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 38 refs. Olive (Olea europaea) plant DNA anal. using mol. markers may allow their possible
applications in genome fingerprinting and identification of different plant individuals. In the agricultural and food
industry this can have interesting applications for the identification of monovarietal raw olive oils and processed oil
products. The various categories of mol. markers used in Olea europaea for cultivar identification purposes are
described and their potential implications for virgin olive oils prodn. are discussed. This may help in detecting the
presence of non-declared cultivars in the prodn. of virgin olive oils with recognized protected origin denomination
(POD).
Bibliographic Information
In vitro genotoxicity of terbutryn evaluated by the alkaline single-cell microgel-electrophoresis "comet" assay.
Villarini, M.; Scassellati-Sforzolini, G.; Moretti, M.; Pasquini, R. Department of Hygiene, University of Perugia,
Perugia, Italy. Cell Biology and Toxicology (2000), 16(5), 285-292. Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers,
CODEN: CBTOE2 ISSN: 0742-2091. Journal written in English. CAN 135:1517 AN 2001:103190 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Terbutryn, a s-triazine herbicide, is extensively used in agriculture as a selective pre- and postemergence control agent
for most grasses and many annual broadleaf weeds in cereal and legume fields, and under fruit trees. Terbutryn was
reported to degrade slowly, with half-lives of 240 and 180 days in pond and river sediment, resp. The tendency of this
herbicide to move from treated soils to water compartments through water runoff and leaching was demonstrated and
residual amts. of terbutryn and its metabolites have been found in drinking water, and industrial food products, long
after application. Although this herbicide may be regarded as a contaminant of our environment, only limited and
inconsistent data exist concerning its genotoxic properties. In this study, the DNA-damaging ability of the herbicide
was evaluated in the alk. single-cell microgel-electrophoresis ("comet") assay by testing terbutryn in the presence of
S9mix (rat liver homogenate contg. microsomal enzymes plus cofactors) prepd. with liver homogenate from both
uninduced (basal) and aroclor 1254-induced rats. DNA damage was recorded in freshly isolated human peripheral
blood leukocytes. A statistically significant increase in the extent of primary DNA damage, more pronounced in the
absence of S9mix, took place only when terbutryn concns. were high (100 and 150 g/mL), in the presence of a
226
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 concomitant mild cytotoxic effect.
Bibliographic Information
Safe design in dryers for food industry.
Spigno, G.; De Faveri, D. Marco. Istituto di Enologia e Ingegneria
Alimentare, Universita Cattolica Sacro Cuore, Piacenza, Italy. Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly
(2000), 14(4), 125-131. Publisher: Croatian Society of Chemical Engineers, CODEN: CBEQEZ ISSN: 0352-9568.
Journal written in English. CAN 134:151748 AN 2001:59435 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
In food processing operations org. dust thermal decompn. is possible. In this paper theor. models are presented for the
safe design of equipment employed to work on org. dusts, such as dryers. Models are based on the well known theories
of Semenov (uniform internal temp.) and Frank-Kamenetskii (non uniform internal temp.) and they are also useful to
verify the thermal stability of the apparatuses during the process activities.
Bibliographic Information
Screening methodologies for genetic modified organisms (GMOs).
Minunni, M.; Mascini, M.; Cozzani, I.
Dipartimento di Sanita Pubblica, Epidemiologia e Chimica Analitica Ambientale, Universita degli Studi di Firenze,
Florence, Italy. Analytical Letters (2000), 33(15), 3093-3125. Publisher: Marcel Dekker, Inc., CODEN: ANALBP
ISSN: 0003-2719. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 134:206731 AN 2001:8209 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 21 refs. There is an increasing need for anal. methods for the detection of genetically modified
organisms (GMOs) detection in food due to the growth of use of GMOs, or their derivs., in the food industry. This
paper aims to briefly introduce the reader to GMOs, to describe the state of the art in detection methods for GMOs, and
to provide the reader with the assocd. terminol., mainly borrowed from mol. biol. The main characteristics of GMO are
illustrated and future developments using the biosensor approach for detection are presented.
Bibliographic Information
Ochratoxin A determination in South Italian wines.
Bertolini, Luca; Giampiccolo, Gabriella; Caggia, Cinzia;
Ferri, Giovanni; Russo, Carlo. Dipartimento di Protexione Agroalimentare, Universita di Bologna, Reggio Emilia,
Italy. Industrie delle Bevande (2000), 29(169), 473-476, 483. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: INBEEW
ISSN: 0390-0541. Journal written in Italian. CAN 134:206773 AN 2000:910208 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The general aspects and the risk assessment of Ochratoxin A contamination in wine was investigated. A screening on
the presence of Ochratoxin A in wines ready for consumption was carried out in the South Italy area. Statistic design
was applied by the following variables: color, grouping by price segment, and productive plant scale.
Bibliographic Information
Biochemical and histochemical responses to environmental contaminants in clam, Tapes philippinarum,
transplanted to different polluted areas of Venice Lagoon, Italy.
Nasci, C.; Da Ros, L.; Nesto, N.; Sperni, L.;
Passarini, F.; Pavoni, B. Instituto di Biologia del Mare C.N.R., Venice, Italy. Marine Environmental Research
(2000), 50(1-5), 425-430. Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd., CODEN: MERSDW ISSN: 0141-1136. Journal written
in English. CAN 134:127051 AN 2000:898209 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
227
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
In this study the clam, Tapes philippinarum, a filter-feeding bivalve living in soft bottoms, was used to investigate the
water/sediment pollution in Venice Lagoon (Venice, Italy), a heavily urbanized and industrialized area. To this end,
clams collected from indigenous populations in a clean farming area (Val Doga) were transplanted into a relatively low
contaminated site (Palude della Rosa) and in a heavily polluted area (Porto Marghera), for 5 wk. A range of possible
induced stress indexes were measured, on the basis of potential toxicity mechanisms, including specific enzymic
activities [Bap hydroxylase and NADPH cytochrome c reductase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione
peroxidase and propionaldehyde dehydrogenase (PDH)] and general cellular responses (lysosomal latency). Moreover,
chem. analyses (polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic arom. hydrocarbon, DDTs) were carried out on sediments and
animal tissues at the beginning and end of the transplantation expts. The chem. results show an active bio-accumulation
activity from sediment in clams translocated to the most polluted area. Correspondingly, biol. data indicate marked
effects on PDH activity and latency in T. philippinarum from the same site. In contrast, no similar pattern has been
obsd. in the other considered indexes, possibly due to antagonistic effects of the complex contaminant mixt. present in
the environment.
Bibliographic Information
Stakeholders' influence and internal championing of product stewardship in the Italian food packaging
industry.
Braglia, Marcello; Petroni, Alberto. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, Nucleare e della Produzione
Universita di Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Journal of Industrial Ecology (2000), 4(1), 75-92. Publisher: MIT Press, CODEN:
JINEFZ ISSN: 1088-1980. Journal written in English.
CAN 134:222239
AN 2000:895276
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Environmental management is becoming a top issue on managers' agendas in several industries. The adoption and
implementation of a sound "green" strategy involves following product stewardship practices. Product stewardship is
the idea that manufacturers rather than consumers, governments, or waste companies, ought to take responsibility for
the recycling and disposal of their products at the end of their life cycle. The relationships between the adoption of
product stewardship and the involvement of different actors in the decision-making process have been investigated. By
means of discriminant anal., 120 firms have been classified into two different environmental profiles. Results indicate
that firms that are more committed to product stewardship differ from less-committed firms in the influence exerted by
different stakeholders and in the supportive role played by the management at different hierarchical and functional
levels. In general, it appears that top management involvement in the decision-making process is a crit. condition for
the successful championship of product stewardship. In addn., the effective implementation of product stewardship
along the product life-cycle stages is correlated to a strong commitment on the part of chief tech. officers and
development engineers rather than of manufg. or marketing managers.
Bibliographic Information
2,3-Butanediol production by Enterobacter aerogenes: selection of the optimal conditions and application to
food industry residues.
Perego, P.; Converti, A.; Del Borghi, A.; Canepa, P. Department of Chemical Engineering
"G.B. Bonino", Genoa University, Genoa, Italy.
Bioprocess Engineering (2000), 23(6), 613-620. Publisher:
Springer-Verlag, CODEN: BIENEU ISSN: 0178-515X. Journal written in English.
CAN 134:236302
AN
2000:887447 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Optimum values of temp., pH, and starting substrate concn. are exptl. detd. for 2,3-butanediol prodn. by Enterobacter
aerogenes through three set of batch fermns. of synthetic glucose solns. The results of tests carried out at variable temp.
show an optimum of 39 C and are used to est., for both fermn. and thermal inactivation, the activation enthalpies (7.19
and 23.6 kJ mol-1) and the related entropies (-0.32 and -0.27 kJ mol-1 K-1). An optimum pH value of 6.0 is evidenced
from batch runs at variable pH, whose results are also used to make reasonable hypotheses on the reaction controlling
the metabolic pathway which leads to butanediol. The fermentability of different food industry wastes, namely starch
228
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 hydrolyzate, both raw and decolored molasses, and whey, is studied.
Bibliographic Information
Method for agglomerating powders and apparatus for the implementation thereof.
Chiappa, Ottorino. (Food
Technologies S.R.L., Italy). Eur. Pat. Appl. (2000), CODEN: EPXXDW EP 1050221 A1 20001108 Designated
States R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI, LT, LV, FI, RO. Patent written
in English. Application: EP 99-830274 19990506. Priority: . AN 2000:782632 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 1050221
Kind
A1
Priority Application
EP 1999-830274
Date
Application No.
Date
20001108
EP 1999-830274
19990506
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO
19990506
Abstract
The present invention relates to a method and the assocd. app. for agglomerating powders, in particular for use in the
food industry. More particularly, the present invention relates to an app. for agglomerating powders, comprising means
for supplying the powders and means for wetting the powders, said means for supplying the powders comprising an
extruder (3,103) and a metering device (4,26) which is arranged above said extruder and substantially in contact
therewith, characterized in that said extruder (3,103) has a substantially semi-circular cross-section. A further aspect of
the present invention relates to a method for agglomerating powders, characterized in that the powders are subjected
beforehand to a homogeneous and uniform compacting action.
Bibliographic Information
Grain quality variation in hulled wheats (Triticum monococcum L., T.dicoccon Schrank and T.spelta L.). A
review.
Piergiovanni, Angela R. Germplasm Institute-CNR, Bari, Italy. Current Topics in Cereal Chemistry
(1999), 2 29-35. Publisher: Research Trends, CODEN: CTCCF8 Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 134:130433 AN 2000:771040 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 60 refs. Hulled wheats, some of the oldest domesticated crops, are presently cultivated only in marginal
areas of several European and Mediterranean countries. They are of strong interest to several research and development
areas, including genetic resources, archaeobotany, plant breeding, rural development, nutritional science and food
industry. Until now, cereal scientists have studied only few aspects and small segments of hulled wheat germplasm. A
review of the literature concerning grain compn. of einkom (Triticum monococcum L.), emmer (T.dicoccon Schrank)
and spelt (T.spelta L.) is presented. Inter-specific differences and intra-specific variation of the most important quality
traits are discussed. Assuming that variation is the basis for improvement, the available knowledge indicates the
presence of significant variation within each species; moreover, hulled wheat species differ to each other for some
characteristics.
Bibliographic Information
Reduction of tin dissolution in canned tomatoes. Effect of some kinds of spices.
Gelati, S.; Mignani, S.; Fragni,
R.; Rizzi, F.; Grimaldi, M.; Montanari, A. Stazione Sperimentale per l'Industria delle Conserve Alimentari, Parma,
Italy.
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara, Sezione 5: Chimica Pura ed Applicata, Supplemento (2000), 11(9th
229
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 European Symposium on Corrosion Inhibitors, 2000, Vol. 1), 137-148. Publisher: University of Ferrara, CODEN:
AUFSAH ISSN: 0365-785X. Journal written in English.
CAN 134:44967
AN 2000:744025
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Decreasing tin corrosion in cans contg. tomato puree-based products and diced tomatoes was investigated by adding
some spices. The most common spices used in the food industry based on onion, basil, garlic and hot chilli pepper were
examd. After a series of preliminary wt. loss tests made with a large variety of products of different origin, it was
possible to divide these natural products into two main groups as a function of their inhibiting or accelerating effect on
plain tinplate corrosion. These effects were checked by using a pack test with tomato puree to which the different
spices had been added. The can corrosion level was studied by measuring tin and iron release at pre-established
intervals 6 mo. During the pack test, the cans were stored at 20 and 37 . At the same time d.c. electrochem.
corrosion tests were made to study the effect of each spice and assess the smallest concns. able to inhibit tin loss. Such
tests were performed in a citric model soln. at pH 4. The possibility of using natural products to reduce the corrosion
rate of the tinplate in canned tomatoes was confirmed.
Bibliographic Information
Nipre as a replacement for chromium plating of steels.
Careri, Domenico. Italy. Trattamenti e Finiture
(2000), 40(5/6), 91-92. Publisher: E.T.M. SRL, CODEN: TRFIFA ISSN: 0041-1833. Journal written in Italian.
CAN 134:19767 AN 2000:735321 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
T.T.N. operate in nitriding, gas and ionic nitrocarburation, three years ago they added a post-oxidn. treatment to their
prodn. consisting in the passivation of steel component surfaces to increase their corrosion resistance. Tests were
carried out subjecting the components to salt mist for over 30 h. The aim was to identify a type of ferrous oxide capable
of a greater resistance than that produced by chrome or nickel plating. Nipre was one the processes used in all the tests
and proved to produce high levels of resistance, hardness and depth after nitriding. Nipre has already replaced
galvanizing in numerous applications producing high resistance to wear with extremely low levels of surface rust,
reducing friction between components and enabling application in the food industry as well as aggressive environments
such as foundries, high humidity areas, at sea and for machines such as pumps and cylinders used outdoors.
Bibliographic Information
Analysis of vapors and foods by means of an electronic nose based on a sol-gel metal oxide sensors array.
Capone, S.; Siciliano, P.; Quaranta, F.; Rella, R.; Epifani, M.; Vasanelli, L.
INFM-Dipartimento Ingegneria
dell'Innovazione, Universita di Lecce, Lecce, Italy. Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical (2000), B69(3), 230-235.
Publisher: Elsevier Science S.A., CODEN: SABCEB ISSN: 0925-4005. Journal written in English.
CAN
134:55636 AN 2000:719030 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A novel electronic nose based on a metal oxide gas sensors array, prepd. by means of the sol-gel method in the form of
thin films, is described, including the fabrication process. Two different configurations of the array were developed:
one consisting of sensors with the same sensing layer (SnO2) but different geometry and material for the elec.
electrodes, and another consisting of chem. modified SnO2 thin films. Examples of application to the anal. of air
pollutants (CO, NO2, CH4, C2H5OH and CH3OH) and different foods (oil, milk, tomato, wine, ground coffee).
Recognition of different air contaminants and of the aroma of foods is achieved by using the principal component anal.
Good discrimination among the clusters has been obtained indicating promising results for the application of the sensor
array as electronic nose, in particular in the food industry for the classification of different olive oils.
Bibliographic Information
230
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Capillary electrophoresis coupled to biosensor detection.
Bossi, Alessandra; Piletsky, Sergey A.; Righetti, Pier
Giorgio; Turner, Anthony P. F. Department of Agricultural and Industrial Biotechnologies, University of Verona,
Verona, Italy.
Journal of Chromatography, A (2000), 892(1+2), 143-153. Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V.,
CODEN: JCRAEY ISSN: 0021-9673. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 133:331572
AN
2000:700153 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review, with 81 refs., is given. The present review highlights some modern aspects of biosensor revelation, a
detection method which has already found a large no. of applications in health care, food industry and environmental
anal. First, the concept of bio-recognition, which is at the heart of biosensor technol., is discussed, with emphasis on
host-guest-like recognition mechanisms. This detection device was successfully coupled, in its 1st applications, to
chromatog. columns, which allow a high resoln. of complex mixts. of analytes prior to interaction with the biosensing
unit. The properties of the transducing elements, which should generate a signal (e.g., electrochem., thermal, acoustic,
optical) of proper intensity and of relative fast rise, are addnl. evaluated and discussed. The review then focuses on
potential applications of biosensing units in capillary electrophoresis (CE) devices. CE appears to be an excellent sepn.
methodol. to be coupled to biosensor detection, since it is based on miniaturized electrophoretic chambers, fast anal.
times, complete automation in sample handling and data treatment and requires extremely small sample vols. Although
only a few applications of CE-based biosensors were described up to the present, it is anticipated that this hyphenated
technique could have a considerable expansion in the coming years.
Bibliographic Information
Coatings for food-compatible environments. 1st part.
Pagella, C.; Fumi, D.; Galli, R.; Cervellati, G. Istituto di
Ingegneria Alimentare, Univ. Cattolica, Piacenza, Italy. Pitture e Vernici, European Coatings (2000), 76(8), 7-9,
11-14, 16-19. Publisher: G.B.P. Communications, CODEN: PVECF5 Journal; General Review written in
English/Italian. CAN 134:41213 AN 2000:610517 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 28 refs. The recent legislative provisions and the introduction of the HACCP methodol. have drawn
attention to all the topics connected with the safety of food, including those related to the environments where food is
manufd., preserved, packed and consumed, as well as the related coatings. The authors have recently pointed out the
need for a test protocol for paints and varnishes to be used in environments where food is present, and they worked out
the fundamentals. An overview is given of the results of an expts. based on the paints used; this permitted the drawing
up a specific definition of the tests and led to a choice of the threshold values for control parameters.
Bibliographic Information
Upflow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB) technology assay for AOX removal from mixed municipal-industrial
wastewater.
Goi, D.; Pivato, P.; Colussi, I.; Dolcetti, G.
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche,
University of Udine, Udine, Italy.
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly (2000), 14(2), 63-67.
Publisher: Croatian Society of Chemical Engineers, CODEN: CBEQEZ ISSN: 0352-9568. Journal written in English.
CAN 133:227017 AN 2000:609914 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Effluents from urban wastewater treatment plants, were demonstrated to be polluted by org.-halogen compds. (OX).
This kind of effluents are often reused for irrigation representing a potential source of contamination for soils,
nevertheless, for the receiving bodies such as rivers or protected lagoons. The results of an exptl. test run with a UASBBiopaq pilot-scale plant fed with wastewater from a municipal treatment plant and loaded with rising simulated
industrial AOX contg. water were shown. Results confirm that UASB technol. is successful in removing AOX with a
rate of abatement 50-70% for inlet concn. 3000 g L-1 with no evident inhibition effects. Also, COD and TSS (Total
Suspended Solids) removal is evident (60-80%) and gas prodn. after the acclimatization period stabilized at 0.6 L dm-3
days-1.
231
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
pH-sensitive amperometric biosensor.
Pizzariello, Andrea; Stredansky, Miroslav; Stredanska, Silvia; Miertus,
Stanislav. (Saicom S.r.l., Italy).
PCT Int. Appl. (2000),
36 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2 WO 2000046393 A1
20000810 Designated States W: AE, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, CA, CH, CN, CR, CU, CZ, DE,
DK, DM, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT,
LU, LV, MA, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, NO, NZ, PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TR, TT, TZ,
UA, UG, US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZW, AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH,
CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD,
TG. Patent written in English. Application: WO 2000-EP455 20000121. Priority: IT 99-210 19990204. CAN
133:132098 AN 2000:553725 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 2000046393
Kind
A1
IT
IT
EP
EP
A1
B1
A1
B1
99MI0210
1307750
1151134
1151134
AT 365810
US 7041209
T
B1
Priority Application
IT 1999-MI210
WO 2000-EP455
A
W
Date
Application No.
Date
20000810
WO 2000-EP455
20000121
W: AE, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, CA, CH, CN, CR, CU,
CZ, DE, DK, DM, EE, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN,
IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MA, MD, MG,
MK, MN, MW, MX, NO, NZ, PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL,
TJ, TM, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VN, YU, ZA, ZW
RW: GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZW, AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK,
ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI,
CM, GA, GN, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG
20000804
IT 1999-MI210
19990204
20011119
20011107
EP 2000-903603
20000121
20070627
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO, CY
20070715
AT 2000-903603
20000121
20060509
US 2001-890478
20010731
19990204
20000121
Abstract
The present invention describes a new electrochem. biosensor comprising (i) a biocatalyst producing a pH change when
interacting with the analyte to be detd. and (ii) a compd. exhibiting different redox properties both in its protonated and
non-protonated forms (pH-sensitive redox compd.). The elements described above are integrated in a biosensor system
composed of a working electrode and a ref. electrode connected to an ammeter. When the analyte is present, the system
produces a current change that is proportional to the concn. of the analyte. The biosensors described herein can be used
in the accurate detection of a wide range of analytes. They can be used in diagnostics, industrial processes, food and
feed quality control, biotechnol., pharmaceutical industry, environmental monitoring and so on.
Bibliographic Information
Composition and in vitro antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Thymus herba-barona Loisel growing wild
in Sardinia.
Juliano, Claudia; Mattana, Antonella; Usai, Marianna.
Dipartimento di Scienze del Farmaco,
Universita degli Studi di Sassari, Sassari, Italy.
Journal of Essential Oil Research (2000), 12(4), 516-522.
Publisher: Allured Publishing Corp., CODEN: JEOREG ISSN: 1041-2905. Journal written in English.
CAN
232
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 134:61324 AN 2000:547146
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Two samples of the essential oils from Thymus herba-barona Loisel (Labiatae) of Sardinian origin were chem.
characterized and their antimicrobial activity evaluated, in comparison with T. vulgaris and T. serpyllum oils, on the
basis of their min. inhibitory concns. (M.I.C.s) and of the contact times required to totally inhibit development of
microorganisms. GC and GC/MS anal. showed that the main components of essential oils of T. herba-barona were
carvacrol (75.4% and 73.0%), borneol (3.6% and 6.4%) and p-cymene (3.9% and 3.3%), while the percentage of thymol
was very low (1.0% and 0.7%). Results of the antimicrobial investigation demonstrated that both oils possessed similar
and relevant microbicidal activities, esp. against Gram+ bacteria (M.I.C.s range 0.125-0.500 mg/mL) and mycetes
(M.I.C.s 0.125-0.500 mg/mL). At inhibitory concns., times required to kill microbial inocula (5-10 min) are
comparable with those of chlorhexidine gluconate, an antiseptic with a broad range of antimicrobial activities. The
strong activity of T. herba-barona oils is very probably due to the presence of carvacrol, which was found from our
screenings to exhibit a similar antimicrobial activity. Our findings provide for a rationale basis of a possible utilization
of this oil in fields requiring safe and cheap compds. with antiseptic and preservative properties, such as cosmetic,
pharmaceutical and food industries.
Bibliographic Information
Examples of applications of an electronic nose to the analysis of volatile compounds secreted outside the human
body.
Di Natale, Corrado; Macagnano, Antonella; Paolesse, Roberto; Mantini, Alessandro; Finazzi-Agro,
Alessandro; D'Amico, Arnaldo. Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome,
Italy. Editor(s): Hurst, W. Jeffrey.
Electronic Noses & Sensor Array Based Systems: Design & Applications,
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Olfaction and the Electronic Nose, 5th, Baltimore, MD, United States,
Sept. 27-30, 1998 (1999), Meeting Date 1998, 198-204. Publisher: Technomic Publishing Co., Inc., Lancaster, Pa
CODEN: 69AFRZ Conference written in English. CAN 134:112568 AN 2000:528583 CAPLUS (Copyright
(C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Electronic noses have been applied to several disciplines such as food anal., environmental control and industrial
processes; in this paper the use of electronic noses in medicine is introduced and discussed. In this paper a review about
the main features of human body odor is given. First expts. concerning the measurement of the sensitivity of sensors
towards a particular constituent of the skin odor and preliminary results of a survey of skin odor anal. in a population of
individuals are reported. Furthermore, the possibility of the application of the electronic nose approach to follow the
different phases of the ovulation cycle in woman is also presented. Preliminary results show that the sensor responses
follow the periodicity of the ovulation cycle and that also some periodic sub-structures can be identified. Findings
encourage in pursuing this research direction which can give rise to a better comprehension of the role of smell and
odor in humans and, in the next future, in novel diagnostic tools.
Bibliographic Information
Identification of Listeria monocytogenes contamination sources in two fresh sauce production plants by pulsedfield gel electrophoresis.
Pourshaban, M.; Gianfranceschi, M.; Gattuso, A.; Menconi, F.; Aureli, P.
Food
Laboratory, Istituto Superiore de Sanita, Rome, Italy. Food Microbiology (2000), 17(4), 393-400. Publisher:
Academic Press, CODEN: FOMIE5 ISSN: 0740-0020. Journal written in English.
CAN 134:4185
AN
2000:467429 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Twenty-three Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from two food-processing plants which produce fresh sauces,
were serol. characterized and tested by the mouse biol. assay and mol. typing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
(PFGE). The use of PFGE for the characterization of these L. monocytogenes strains provided in plant A, valuable
information about potential sites of cross-contamination and in plant B, a valuable insight into the presence of endemic
233
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 strains. The use of highly discriminating typing techniques such as PFGE and the thorough observance of GMPs and
the HACCP system can reduce the incidence of L. monocytogenes in food-processing plants. (c) 2000 Academic Press.
Bibliographic Information
Prototype of a fiber optic sensor for online measurement of coating thickness.
D'Emilia, Giulio.
Dip.
Energetica, Univ. L'Aquila, Roio Poggio AQ, Italy.
Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical
Engineering (1999), 3824(Optical Measurement Systems for Industrial Inspection), 297-304. Publisher: SPIE-The
International Society for Optical Engineering, CODEN: PSISDG ISSN: 0277-786X. Journal written in English.
CAN 133:209745 AN 2000:462289 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The exptl. characterization of a transducer comprising a fiber optic and eddy current probes for the online measurement
of coating thickness in food industry applications is described. The method is based on measuring thin steel sheet
coating reflectance with a fiber optic probe. The eddy current proximity probe is to be used to measure the substrate
position. To evaluate the feasibility of this approach, a particular attention was paid to the accuracy of the method,
since an accuracy on the order of 1 m should be achieved for practical interest. The effect of the main interfering
and modifying quantities of geometrical (sensor size, probe head angle of incidence, working distance, etc.) and optical
(light source and photo-detector behavior stability, etc.) type was evaluated both theor. and exptl. by using a calibration
test bench in stationary working conditions. Furthermore, a calibration test bench was built with a translating and
vibrating steel plate to evaluate the effect of translation velocity of the plate and also of transverse vibration. Results of
dynamic calibration are also described and discussed, to get information about the final sensor configuration.
Bibliographic Information
Human skin odor analysis by means of an electronic nose.
Di Natale, C.; Macagnano, A.; Paolesse, R.; Tarizzo,
E.; Mantini, A.; D'Amico, A. Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome,
Italy. Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical (2000), B65(1-3), 216-219. Publisher: Elsevier Science S.A., CODEN:
SABCEB ISSN: 0925-4005. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 133:249062 AN 2000:456252
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review, with 5 refs. Electronic noses have been applied to several disciplines such as food anal., environmental
control and industrial processes. In this paper the use of electronic noses in medicine is introduced and discussed. In
this paper a review about the main features of human body odor is given. First expts. concerned with the measurement
of the sensitivity of sensors towards a particular constituent of the skin odor, and preliminary results of a survey of skinodor anal. in a population of individuals are reported. Findings encourage pursuing this research direction that can give
rise to a better comprehension of the role of smell and odor in humans and, in the next future, to a novel diagnostic tool.
Bibliographic Information
Multi-isotopic characterization of glycerol by using NMR and IRMS.
Breas, O.; Fauhl, C.; Guillou, C.; Reniero,
F.; Fuganti, C.; Fronza, G.; Grasselli, P.; Rossmann, A.; Hermann, A. Joint Research Centre, Environment Institute,
Food and Drug Unit, Ispra (VA), Italy.
Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies (1998), 34(1-2), 54.
Publisher: Gordon & Breach Science Publishers, CODEN: IEHSF8 ISSN: 1025-6016. Journal written in English.
CAN 133:42347 AN 2000:280316 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Authentication of glycerol is from different points of view a very interesting topic. Glycerol is a primary metabolite of
living organisms, mainly stored in nature in esterified form in fats and oils. Its derivation from carbohydrates in the alc.
fermn. has been recognized in a pioneering work by L. Pasteur and, subsequently, the enzymic nature of the
biogeneration process has been established. Glycerol finds application in fairly large quantities in industrial food
234
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 prepns., i.e., chewing gum products, the main suppliers being the fat and oil industries. Consumers are more crit. and
now being very selective about the origin of food products as well as the ingredients they contain. The appearance on
the label of certain foods of the specification non animal origin for the glycerol included as humectant suggested a study
of the isotopic compn. of glycerol samples of different origin. In the present study the authors have investigated the
13C and 18O content by isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) and the site specific 2H content by NMR of different
glycerols originating from vegetable oils and animal fats. IRMS measurements were performed on pure glycerol
samples, whereas for 2H-NMR anal. also the triacetyl derivs. of glycerol were prepd. The multi-isotopic approach
enabled us to characterize glycerols from C3 and C4 plants. In addn. there are observations indicating the possibility of
differentiation between glycerol from vegetal oils and animal fats, the latter showing isotopic values related to the
animal diet.
Bibliographic Information
Development of an electronic tongue based on potentiometric sensors.
Mazzone, E.; Di Natale, C.; Mantini, A.;
D'Amico, A.; Legin, A.; Rudnitskaya, A.; Vlasov, Yu. Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome
"Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy. Editor(s): Di Natale, Corrado; D'Amico, Arnaldo; Davide, Fabrizio.
Sensors and
Microsystems, Proceedings of the Italian Conference, 4th, Roma, Feb. 3-5, 1999 (2000), Meeting Date 1999, 282287. Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore, Singapore CODEN: 68UUAK Conference
written in English. CAN 132:353953 AN 2000:260409 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In the frame of a joint research between the University of Rome "Tor Vergata" (Sensors and Microsystems group), and
the Labs. of Chem. Sensors of the University of St. Petersburg, an Electronic Tongue has been designed, constructed
and applied to qual. anal. of different kinds of complex liqs., such as mineral waters, wines and biol. samples. The
results presented in this paper show that the electronic tongue can give interesting information in various applications of
fundamental interest (i.e. drinkable water control, food industry and medicine).
Bibliographic Information
Comparison between MOS and CP-based electronic noses in the discrimination of extra virgin olive oils.
Gardini, M. Stefania; Allai, Matteo; Dalcanale, Enrico; Di Francesco, F.; Pioggia, G.
Dipartimento di Chimica
Organica e Industriale - Universita di Parma, Parma, Italy. Editor(s): Di Natale, Corrado; D'Amico, Arnaldo; Davide,
Fabrizio.
Sensors and Microsystems, Proceedings of the Italian Conference, 4th, Roma, Feb. 3-5, 1999 (2000),
Meeting Date 1999, 265-269. Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore, Singapore CODEN:
68UUAK Conference written in English. CAN 133:57768 AN 2000:260403 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The MMMOS-based electronic nose has proved to be able to recognize the geog. origin of extra virgin olive oils.
D.O.P. control and fraud detection are interesting application where the electronic nose can be successfully employed,
provided that the operating parameters are adjusted to the specific needs. CP-based electronic nose technol. is
promising, esp. from the point of view of the generation of hybrid electronic noses, where different types of sensors
operate together (es. MOS-CP-QCM) to extend the range of applications. A final consideration about the general use of
electronic noses in food industry: the aim of the electronic nose i not to replace the human sensory panels in food
evaluation, since they are necessary to define the desired product quality, but to substitute them in routine work and
quality control.
Bibliographic Information
An ISFET based chemical sensor for the food industry.
Corra, M.; Pignatel, G. U.; Conci, P.; Margesin, B.; Zen,
M.; Maglione, A.
Lab. ElettroOttica, Lab. ElettroOttica, Facolta di Ingegneria dell' Universita, Trento, Italy.
Editor(s): Di Natale, Corrado; D'Amico, Arnaldo; Davide, Fabrizio. Sensors and Microsystems, Proceedings of the
Italian Conference, 4th, Roma, Feb. 3-5, 1999 (2000), Meeting Date 1999,
241-246. Publisher: World Scientific
235
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore, Singapore CODEN: 68UUAK Conference written in English.
132:355492 AN 2000:260390 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
CAN
Abstract
Silicon integrated ISFET (Ion Sensitive Field Effect Transistor) is widely used as pH sensor of electrolytic solns., and
by adding properly designed membranes on top of the chem. sensitive gate area a variety of chems. of interest for the
food industry can be detected. The main remaining problems to be solved for a wide acceptance of this type of sensor
are the need of a ref. electrode, which contains dangerous and poisonous chems., like KCl and Ag/AgCl, and the
development of esp. designed, bio-compatible packages. Finally, an efficient protection of the gate area with respect to
ESD (Electro-Static Discharge) is required to assure the sensor long term reliability. In our sensor prototype a double
ISFET chip has been designed and fabricated at IRST by a dedicated fabrication process. The use of two nominally
identical ISFET transducers, one exposed to the electrolyte under testing and the other exposed to a suitably selected
ref. soln. allows a differential read-out of the output signal, thus avoiding the need of the ref. electrode. The differential
read-out also eliminates or drastically reduces all the problems related to the sensor drift, common mode noise and
temp. fluctuations. A specially designed stainless steel package which completely covers the conventional plastic
encapsulation is being used to assume a food bio-compatibility. A dedicated PCB mounted read-out electronics has
been developed, which includes a const. voltage, const. current bias circuit, A/D conversion, micro-controller, data anal.
and output signal display. The ISFET sensor is coupled with a Pt100 for simultaneous measurement of pH and temp.
The prototype electrochem. characteristics and the results of preliminary tests on the field will be reported.
Bibliographic Information
Characterisation of olive oil by an electronic nose based on conducting polymer sensors.
Stella, R.; Barisci, J.
N.; Serra, G.; Wallace, G. G.; De Rossi, D. Centro 'Enrico Piaggio', School of Engineering, University of Pisa, Pisa,
Italy.
Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical (2000), B63(1-2), 1-9. Publisher: Elsevier Science S.A., CODEN:
SABCEB ISSN: 0925-4005. Journal written in English.
CAN 132:269105
AN 2000:236957
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Selection and testing of an array of conducting polymer sensors with extra-virgin olive oil samples is discussed as a first
step towards developing an electronic nose dedicated to the detection of olive oil aroma. Different sensors produced by
electrochem. and chem. techniques were initially exposed to a set of pure substances present in the headspace of extravirgin olive oil and meaningful for evaluation of its overall organoleptic characteristics. Four sensors showing the best
sensitivity to these std. substances were chosen to conduct further expts. on com. olive oil. Two different exptl. set-ups
and protocols for olive oil sampling were tested and compared, providing evidence on the best procedure needed to
handle this foodstuff and on the possibility of using a dedicated sensing system for practical purposes in the olive oil
industry. Three different extra-virgin Italian types of olive oil were easily distinguished with an array of 4 sensors; it
was also possible to detect changes in the arom. content of the headspace after sample handling. Different samples of
the same oil showed reproducible responses.
Bibliographic Information
Physicochemical, organoleptic and microbiological characteristics of ovine ricotta cheese from Sardinia.
Cherchi, A.; Porcu, M.; Spanedda, L.; Tuberoso, C. I. G. Dipartimento di Economia dell'Impresa, della Tecnologia,
dell'Ambiente-Seizione di Merceologia, Universiti degli Studi di Cagliari, Catliari, Italy.
Rivista di Scienza
dell'Alimentazione (1999), 28(3), 307-314. Publisher: Fondazione per lo Studio degli Alimenti e della Nutrizione,
CODEN: RSAIE3 ISSN: 1126-9480. Journal written in English. CAN 133:29893 AN 2000:198611 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Ovine ricotta cheese is well known and appreciated, in view of its nutritional and organoleptic properties. Its prodn. in
Sardinia is mainly carried out on an artisan basis, though in due respect of the Legislative Decree # 155 (26/5/97) on the
236
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 introduction of the Hazard Anal. and Crit. Control Point System in food industries. The increasing consumers' interest
for this product drove us to carry out an exptl. investigation on Sardinian ovine ricotta cheese. During a six-month
period com. samples produced in the province of Cagliari were tested: physico-chem., organoleptic and microbiol.
analyses were performed; the percentages of the main nutritional components, the organoleptic characteristics and the
microbiol. parameters were evaluated. The changes regarding the physico-chem. parameters were moderate; in some
cases, a certain variability was detected for fats and proteins. Sensory analyses showed that the organoleptic
characteristics were good for all the samples tested. Microbiol. analyses allowed to point out the absence of pathogenic
micro-organisms and a generally modest microbial contamination. Data from our investigation sufficiently agree with
those of the literature, which are quite scarce. As a matter of fact, a deep comparison is not possible owing to the lack
of homogeneity as to the parameters considered and the anal. methods employed. However, for almost all the samples
we analyzed the data were within the limits reported in the cited papers.
Bibliographic Information
Analysis of Benzothiazole in Italian Wines Using Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction and Gas
Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry.
Bellavia, Vincenzo; Natangelo, Marco; Fanelli, Roberto; Rotilio,
Domenico.
Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri - Consorzio Mario Negri Sud Gennaro Paone
Environmental Health Center, Santa Maria Imbaro, Italy.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2000),
48(4), 1239-1242. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: JAFCAU ISSN: 0021-8561. Journal written in
English. CAN 132:292860 AN 2000:158260 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Benzothiazoles are a part of the mol. structure of a large no. of natural products, biocides, drugs, food flavors, and
industrial chems. They also appear in the environment mainly as a result of their prodn. and use as rubber vulcanization
accelerators. A new headspace solid-phase microextn. (HS-SPME) method for anal. of benzothiazole (BTH) in wine is
described. This method is fast, inexpensive, and does not require solvents. The detection limit of BTH in wine was 45
ppt. with linearity up to 100 ppb. The quantification of BTH is performed by the std. addns. method and does not
require the use of an internal std. Wines (12) from different grape varieties grown in several regions were analyzed,
using SPME extn. and gas chromatog.-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) detection. Under these exptl. conditions,
benzothiazole was found in all wines analyzed. Concn. levels in samples varied from 0.24 g/L (Vermentino) to 1.09
g/L (Franciacorta).
Bibliographic Information
An analysis of the performance of membrane reactors for the water-gas shift reaction using gas feed mixtures.
Criscuoli, A.; Basile, A.; Drioli, E.
Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials, University of Calabria,
Arcavacata di Rende, Italy. Catalysis Today (2000), 56(1-3), 53-64. Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V., CODEN:
CATTEA ISSN: 0920-5861. Journal written in English.
CAN 132:182855
AN 2000:114918
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The water-gas shift (WGS) reaction in membrane reactors has been widely studied by several authors. From these
works, the increase of the CO conversion above the equil. values appears to be possible when hydrogen is removed
through the membrane. However, to date, this feasibility has been verified mostly when feeding pure reagents to the
reactor, although in an industrial context the feed normally contains several other compds. The objective of this work
has been to analyze the effect of the feed compn. on the membrane reactor efficiency in order to det. the best conditions
in terms of CO conversion. At this purpose, exptl. tests with mixts. of different compns. have been carried out in three
different systems of reaction: (1) traditional fixed-bed reactor; (2) membrane reactor with mesoporous ceramic
membrane; (3) membrane reactor with palladium membrane. The expts. included permeation (for the membrane
reactors) and reaction tests. The exptl. results obtained with the various systems of reaction have been compared. A
math. model has been also formulated for the different type of reactors used in order to verify the exptl. results obtained.
From the work carried out it can be concluded that by using the palladium membrane reactor it is possible to overcome
the equil. conversion. Moreover, a complete conversion has been achieved for one of the mixts. fed to the reactor.
237
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Milk components in traditional products and in new food formulations.
Innocente, Nadia; Corradini, Cesare.
Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti, Udine, Italy. Scienza e Tecnica Lattiero-Casearia (1999), 50(5), 381-393.
Publisher: Associazione Italiana Tecnici del Latte, CODEN: SLCAAF ISSN: 0390-6361. Journal; General Review
written in Italian. CAN 133:16437 AN 2000:111289 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 10 refs. Milk is a complex system of components in soln., emulsion, and colloidal dispersion. The
stability of milk and the way by which most important milk derivs. are obtained depend on the physicochem. properties
of the main components (casein micelles, fat globules) and on the their interactions with water and the solid
components. The current necessity to maximize economic benefits in milk prodn. and dairy industry suggest to
consider the use of milk proteins not only in the prodn. of traditional dairy products, but also in nontraditional food
products. The nontraditional product formulations should attempt to utilize the physicochem. and interactive behavior
of milk proteins and to enhance or suppress certain aspects as needed.
Bibliographic Information
News items. Safer foods for Italians.
Garbillo, Daniela. Italy. Chimica e l'Industria (Milan) (1999), 81(9),
1154-1155. Publisher: Editrice Bias Sas, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal written in Italian. AN
2000:79724 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Foodstuffs safety is the aim of the crop protection products industry: the results of the inquiries carried out by the
qualified Departments and Agrofarma prove that consumers can swallow by the diet only an insignificant percentage of
the acceptable daily intake values of residues.
Bibliographic Information
Measures of TC/TOC-MPC (multiple point control) in quality systems and process control.
Tateo, Valerio;
Lubian, Elisabetta. Shimadzu Italia, Milan, Italy. Industrie Alimentari (Pinerolo, Italy) (1999), 38(386), 13021305. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: INALBB ISSN: 0019-901X. Journal written in Italian.
CAN
132:307411 AN 2000:22235 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The authors suggest the detn. of TC/TOC (total carbon/total org. carbon) as a parameter useful for quality and process
control in various industrial processes, esp. in food industry. Model solns. of ethanol (0.05-2.52 mL/L), yellow coloring
agent E-110 (curcumin; 83.5-167.0 mg/L), and K sorbate (195.5-295.5 mg/L) were used to verify the use of a single
instrumental parameter for monitoring the target compd. concns. The C content was detd. instrumentally using total
sample decompn., catalytic oxidn. at high temp. (680 C), and measurement of produced CO2 by near-IR
spectrophotometry. The data confirmed the possibility of using TC/TOC data for monitoring the concns. in process
control. The TC/TOC data allow to use only one anal. method for monitoring different crit. points in an industrial
process. There is a possibility of centralizing the data concerning different quality and process control measures, thus
decreasing the costs involved.
Bibliographic Information
Simple HPLC detection and determination of synthetic acid dyes in food.
Frattini, Valeria; Lionetti, E. Claudia.
P.M.I.P. - Unita Operative Chimica, Monza, Italy. Bollettino dei Chimici Igienisti, Parte Scientifica (1998), 49(S3),
191-199. Publisher: Societa Editoriale Farmaceutica, CODEN: BCISEN Journal written in Italian.
CAN
132:278300 AN 2000:6400 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
238
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
A rapid HPLC method for simultaneous sepn. and quantification of multiple dyes in food is described. The dyes are
extd. from food with a basic water soln. and the co-extractives are removed by C18 SPE after acidification of the ext.
The final ext. is analyzed by HPLC with visible detection; the mobile phase contains methanol/water/buffer pH 2.5.
The quant. external std. method was chosen in order to det. the amt. of dye added to some typical industrial foods.
Good sensitivity and linearity were evaluated in the concn. range studied: 10-200 ppm (correlation coeff. ranged from
0.8987 to 0.9989). The method was applied to the detn. of com. colored food: chewing gums (red, blue, yellow), jams,
synthetic saffron and cake decoration.
Bibliographic Information
Recyclable multi-layer material in polyester resin.
Ghisolfi, Guido. (Sinco Ricerche S.p.A., Italy). Eur. Pat.
Appl. (1999), 5 pp. CODEN: EPXXDW EP 967074 A2 19991229 Designated States R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK,
ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI, LT, LV, FI, RO. Patent written in English. Application: EP
99-111078 19990617. Priority: IT 98-1463 19980626; IT 98-2078 19980925. CAN 132:49372 AN 1999:819020
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 967074
EP 967074
Kind
A2
A3
IT 1301813
IT 1302278
TW 499363
KR 2000006246
US 7182985
CA 2276792
JP 2000025185
JP 3426539
NO 9903178
AU 9936799
AU 758170
HU 9902201
HU 9902201
RU 2194657
MX 9906062
IN 1999CA00778
B1
B1
B
A
B1
A1
A
B2
A
A
B2
A2
A3
C2
A
A
Priority Application
IT 1998-MI1463
IT 1998-MI2078
A
A
Date
Application No.
Date
19991229
EP 1999-111078
19990617
20010516
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO
20000707
IT 1998-MI1463
19980626
20000905
IT 1998-MI2078
19980925
20020821
TW 1999-88109996
19990615
20000125
KR 1999-22693
19990617
20070227
US 1999-334891
19990617
19991226
CA 1999-2276792
19990623
20000125
JP 1999-178054
19990624
20030714
19991227
NO 1999-3178
19990625
20000113
AU 1999-36799
19990625
20030320
20000328
HU 1999-2201
19990625
20020228
20021220
RU 1999-114447
19990625
20050110
MX 1999-6062
19990625
20050902
IN 1999-CA778
19990913
19980626
19980925
Abstract
Recyclable multi-layer material in polyester resin suitable for the prodn. of beverage and food containers comprises a
layer of foam in polyester resin with d. <700 kg/m3, and a film of polyester resin adhered to the foamed sheet. On the
multi-layer material a pattern is creased according to which by folding it is possible to develop the shape of a container.
Bibliographic Information
239
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Use of a molecular typing method to evaluate the control of Listeria monocytogenes contamination in a poultry
meat processing plant.
Pourshaban, M.; Gianfranceschi, M.; Gattuso, A.; Aureli, P.
Food Microbiology
Laboratory, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy. Italian Journal of Food Science (1999), 11(3), 257-264.
Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: ITFSEY ISSN: 1120-1770. Journal written in English. CAN 132:193372
AN 1999:803965 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The usefulness of a mol. typing method was used to assess the efficacy of control measures to eradicate or reduce
contamination at crit. points in a food processing plant. We analyzed Listeria monocytogenes (L.m.) strains isolated
from poultry meat samples collected during official checks over a seven month period. The L.m. strains were compared
using the pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) mol. typing method with three enzymes (ApaI, AscI, SmaI). Results
showed that the food processed in the plant had been contaminated by two L.m. clones. This confirms the need for
accurate cleaning and disinfection of equipment and environment to prevent cross-contamination.
Bibliographic Information
Titanium in the food industry.
Feliciani, Roberta; Marcoaldi, Roberta; Gramiccioni, Luciana; Caiazza, Salvatore;
Giamberardini, Silvia. Laboratoria di Tossicologia Applicata, Ist. Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy. Industrie delle
Bevande (1999), 28(163), 500-502. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: INBEEW ISSN: 0390-0541. Journal
written in Italian. CAN 132:136576 AN 1999:795013 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The Ti physicochem. properties suggest that it could be used in materials and equipment coming into contact with
foodstuffs. It could be used in food industry fields where corrosive or delicate liqs. are manipulated. The behavior of
Ti in contact with foodstuffs was studied. The corrosion of 2 ref. stainless steel samples (AISI 304 and 316) and com.
pure Ti (>99.2%) in contact with different food simulants was studied under various conditions of time and temp. (30
min/100 C or 10 days/40 C). The simulant solns. were 3% aq. acetic acid with or without satn. with 18-20% NaCl
(brine). The specimens were then submitted to morphol. anal. to evaluate metal surface modifications. The steel 304
showed signs of corrosion esp. in contact with the brine, while the steel 316 and Ti samples were resistant.
Bibliographic Information
Evaluation of the risk of groundwater pollution by agricultural activities in Cremona Province.
Trevisan,
Marco; Padovani, Laura; Capri, Ettore. Istituto di Chimica Agraria ed Ambientale, Facolta di Agraria, Univ. Cattolica
del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza, Italy. Quaderni di Tecniche di Protezione Ambientale (1999), 63(Impatto Ambientale di
Metalli Pesanti ed Elementi in Tracce), 77-88. Publisher: Pitagora Editrice, CODEN: QTPAFH Journal written in
Italian. CAN 131:341563 AN 1999:755686 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This study illustrates the methodologies which have been adopted to evaluate the hazard level of farming activities in
the province of Cremona, Italy, through a parametric approach based on the definition of potential hazard indexes
(nonpoint source agricultural hazard indexes). Two categories of parameters were chosen: the hazard factors, which
represent all farming activities which cause or may cause an impact on groundwaters (use of fertilizers and pesticides,
application of livestock and poultry manure, food industry wastewater and urban sludge), and control factors which
adapt the hazard factor to the characteristics of the site (geog. location, slope, agronomic practices and type of
irrigation). The hazard index (Hi) can be calcd. by multiplying the hazard factors by the control factors and the
nonpoint source agricultural hazard indexes is obtained from Hi dividing it into classes on a percentile basis using a
scale ranging from 1 to 10. Organization, processing and displaying of all data layers was performed by Geog.
Information System ArcView and its Spatial Analyst extension. Results show that the potential hazard of
contamination by farming activities in the province of Cremona falls mainly in the 5th class (very low hazard).
240
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Production, recovery and purification of bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria.
Parente, E.; Ricciardi, A.
Dipartimento di Biologia, Difesa e Biotechnologie Agro-Forestali, Universita della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology (1999), 52(5), 628-638. Publisher: Springer-Verlag, CODEN: AMBIDG
ISSN: 0175-7598. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 132:49049 AN 1999:737094 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 82 refs. Bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria are a heterogeneous group of peptide inhibitors
which include lantibiotics (class I, e.g. nisin), small heat-stable peptides (class II, e.g. pediocin AcH/PA1) and large
heat-labile proteins (class III, e.g. helveticin J). Many bacteriocins belonging to the first two groups can be successfully
used to inhibit undesirable microorganisms in foods, but only nisin is produced industrially and is licensed for use as a
food preservative in a partially purified form. This review focuses on the prodn. and purifn. of class I and class II
bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria. Bacteriocin prodn. is growth assocd. but the yield of bacteriocin per unit biomass
is affected by several factors, including the producing strain, media (carbohydrate and nitrogen sources, cations, etc.)
and fermn. conditions (pH, temp., agitation, aeration and diln. rate in continuous fermns.). Continuous fermn. processes
with cell recycle or immobilized cells can result in a dramatic improvement in productivity over batch fermns. Several
simple recovery processes, based on adsorbing bacteriocin on resins or silica compds., have been developed and can be
used to build integrated prodn. processes.
Bibliographic Information
The use of exhausted olive husks as fuel in the Calabrian bread-baking industry.
Nicoletti, G. Mechanical
Engineering Department, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, Italy. Editor(s): Overend, Ralph P.; Chornet,
Esteban. Biomass: A Growth Opportunity in Green Energy and Value-Added Products, Proceedings of the Biomass
Conference of the Americas, 4th, Oakland, Calif., Aug. 29-Sept. 2, 1999 (1999), 2 1467-1473. Publisher: Elsevier
Science, Oxford, UK CODEN: 68IQAG Conference written in English.
CAN 132:24755
AN 1999:710681
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Exhausted olive husks are a biomass byproduct from the olive oil working cycle that has very interesting energy
characteristics. This paper considers the use of this biomass as an alternative to or integrative energy source with
conventional fuels in the Calabrian bread baking sector, and it outlines its potential and economic viability. Various
energy scenarios are suggested for a Calabrian bakery, by means of a detailed anal. of economic convenience.
Bibliographic Information
Conducting polymer based device for odour detection.
Stella, Rita; Serra, Giorgio; De Rossi, Danilo; Barisci,
Joseph N.; Wallace, Gordon G.; Harris, Paul D.; Andrews, Mike K.; Partridge, Ashton C.
Centro "E. Piaggio" Faculty of Engineering, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Advances in Science and Technology (Faenza, Italy) (1999),
26(Solid State Chemical and Biochemical Sensors), 363-368. Publisher: Techna, CODEN: ASETE5 Journal written
in English. CAN 132:211771 AN 1999:659971 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Sensory anal. by panels of human assessors is currently being used for odor classification in several industrial
applications, such as perfume formulation or food and beverages quality control. Recent efforts in the development of
systems for odor detection (combining arrays of sensors with overlapping sensitivities and pattern recognition
techniques for aroma classification) have led to an increasing industrial interest and a growing demand for dedicated
instrumentation and methodols. The challenges in this area are mainly related to: synthesis and characterization of new
sensing materials, design and improvement of techniques for sensor fabrication (material processing, patterning and
packaging), and design of instruments (hardware and software) able to satisfy requirements of low cost and high
241
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 accuracy,. In this work, the evaluation of an array of sensors produced using both chem. and electrochem. techniques
for the application in an instrument dedicated to olive oil headspace anal. is presented.
Bibliographic Information
Industrial application of biocatalytic processes.
Gennari, Fabiana; Miertus, Stgtanislav; Stredansku, Miro; Pizzio,
Francesco.
ICS-UNIDO (International Centre for Science and High Technology), Trieste, Italy.
Chimica e
l'Industria (Milan) (1999), 81(6), 711-719. Publisher: Editrice Bias Sas, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315.
Journal; General Review written in Italian. CAN 131:270985 AN 1999:614954 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 14 refs. Enzymes are biocatalysts that enable numerous biochem. reactions. They present a high level of
selectivity, work under mild conditions, are easy to dispose of and are environmentally friendly. This review presents
some examples of com. applications of enzymes in different industries, such as detergent, food, textile, pulp and paper,
starch and sugar. oil and fat, beverages, backing, leather, and fine chem. All the cases in which the use of enzymes
presents, if compared to conventional processes, as significant improvement in terms of environmental protection, will
be emphasized.
Bibliographic Information
Towards the electronic nose applications in medicine: The skin odor analysis.
Macagnano, Antonella; Di
Natale, Corrado; Paolesse, Roberto; Mantini, Alessandro; D'Amico, Arnaldo. Department of Electronic Engineering,
University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy. Editor(s): Di Natale, Corrado; D'Amico, Arnaldo; Sberveglieri,
Giorgio. Sensors and Microsystems, Proceedings of the Italian Conference, 3rd, Genova, Feb. 11-13, 1998 (1999),
Meeting Date 1998,
201-204. Publisher: World Scientific, Singapore, Singapore CODEN: 68BGAJ Conference
written in English. CAN 132:104798 AN 1999:563681 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Electronic noses have been applied to several disciplines such as food anal., environmental control and industrial
processes, in this paper the use of electronic noses in medicine is outlined. In the paper a review about the main
features of human body odor is given. First expts. concerning with the measure of the sensitivity of sensors towards a
particular constituent of the skin odor and the preliminary result of a survey of skin odor in a population of individuals
are reported. Results encourages in pursuing this application which may arose both in an increased comprehension of
the role of smell and odor in humans and in the next future in a novel diagnosis tool.
Bibliographic Information
Electrochemical biosensors for quality control in the food industry.
Palleschi, G.; Compagnone, D.; Moscone,
D. Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, Universita' Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientifica, Rome,
Italy. Editor(s): Di Natale, Corrado; D'Amico, Arnaldo; Sberveglieri, Giorgio.
Sensors and Microsystems,
Proceedings of the Italian Conference, 3rd, Genova, Feb. 11-13, 1998 (1999), Meeting Date 1998, 40-47. Publisher:
World Scientific, Singapore, Singapore CODEN: 68BGAJ Conference written in English. CAN 132:49183 AN
1999:563656 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Enzyme electrodes and/or reactors for the detn. of lysine content in food proteins, lactulose in milk and glycerol in wine
have been developed. The general strategy consisted in the covalent immobilization of enzymes as glycerol-3-P
oxidase, glycerokinase, lysine oxidase, fructose dehydrogenase and -galactosidase onto a membrane or glass beads
with electrochem. detection of the reaction products. A Flow Injection Anal. manifold was used for lysine and glycerol
while microdialysis sampling was used for lactulose. This work presents data about the anal. optimization of the
biosensors as well as application to real samples anal.
242
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Dry citrus rinds for the production of feeds in Italy.
Di Giacomo, Angelo; Postorino, Enrico; Gionfriddo,
Francesco.
Italy.
Essenze, Derivati Agrumari (1998), 68(3), 300-308. Publisher: Stazione Sperimentale per
lÏIndustria delle Essenze e dei Derivati Agrumari, CODEN: EDAGAH ISSN: 0014-0902. Journal written in Italian.
CAN 131:169574 AN 1999:516668 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The Italian citrus industry generates large amts. of processing byproducts (after juice pressing and oil extn.) with
potential use as animal feeds. The mix of orange and citrus byproducts was neutralized with limestone and ground to a
paste. The liq. phase was pressed out and concd. by evapn. to molasses, which was subsequently mixed with the solids
to yield a mixt. with lower water content. This mixt. was then dried in a drum dryer to the final dry matter content of
.apprx.88%. Dry matter, Brix degree, carbohydrates, total N, minerals, pectins, and flavonoids were detd. during the
process. Anal. of the dry final product showed 9.05-9.80% total carbohydrates, 0.77-0.79% total N (corresponding to
4.81-4.94% protein), 10.90-11.80% minerals (0.18-0.24% Na, 0.55-1.20% K, 2.24-5.52% Ca, 0.094-0.095% Mg, 0.0650.087% P), 3.03-4.00% flavonoids (hesperidine, eriocitrin, narirutin, didymine), and 1.03-1.20% pectins.
Bibliographic Information
Water quality in the foodstuff industry: problems due to the use of drinkable water containing iron and
manganese.
Profumo, Antonella; Spini, Giovanni; Cucca, Lucia; Testori, Gian Maria; Mannucci, Barbara.
Dipartimento di Chimica Generale, Universita degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia, Italy. Annali di Chimica (Rome) (1999),
89(7-8), 499-504. Publisher: Societa Chimica Italiana, CODEN: ANCRAI ISSN: 0003-4592. Journal written in
English. CAN 131:120473 AN 1999:489159 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Filtration of chlorinated drinkable waters contg. iron and manganese used in the technol. cycles of many foodstuff
industries, is not sufficient to prevent the formation, after pasteurization, of yellow-brown ppts. of Fe(OH)3 and MnO2,
as evidenced by chem.-phys. analyses. Those ppts. can change the quality of the foodstuff products which come in
contact with the pasteurized water in any step of the prodn. and, in particular, of those dairy products, such as
mozzarella, which are packed up, to keep them fresh, in watery soln. prepd. with the same water. To avoid the
formation of these insol. compds., drinkable water should not contain any trace of iron and manganese, or a ligand able
to complex both iron and manganese should be added to it. The results of this paper explain the cause of the formation
of these ppts. and show how the addn. of citric acid to water, a substance commonly used as a preservative in the
foodstuff industry, prevents the formation of Fe(OH)3 and MnO2.
Bibliographic Information
The electronic nose in the food industry: the extra virgin olive oil case.
Dalcanale, Enrico; Gardini, M. Stefania;
Allai, Matteo. Dip. di Chimica Organica e Industriale, Univ. Parma, Parma, Italy. Chimica e l'Industria (Milan)
(1999), 81(4), 465-469. Publisher: Editrice Bias Sas, CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal written in
English. CAN 131:157019 AN 1999:488821 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Electronic noses are rapidly becoming a valuable tool for the organoleptic evaluation of food parameters related to taste
and smell. This new technol. may replace human sensory panels in quality control applications, where the objective,
rapid, and synthetic evaluation of the aroma of many specimens is required. This article shows how to select the
operating conditions for a given application and highlights potentials, limits and future trends of electronic noses. The
instrumentation, sensors, odor profiling, operating parameters and data acquisition, discriminant function anal., and
discriminant power of sensors are discussed. An example of virgin olive oil anal. and detection of possible adulteration
using this technol. and data evaluation is presented.
243
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Process for the industrial production of high purity hydrogen peroxide.
Bianchi, Ugo Piero; Leone, Umberto;
Lucci, Mauro. (Ausimont S.p.A., Italy). Eur. Pat. Appl. (1999),
9 pp. CODEN: EPXXDW EP 930269 A1
19990721 Designated States R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI, LT, LV,
FI, RO. Patent written in English. Application: EP 99-100238 19990108. Priority: IT 98-72 19980116; IT 981394 19980618. CAN 131:89805 AN 1999:460257 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
EP 930269
EP 930269
Kind
A1
B1
IT
IT
US
US
B1
B1
A1
B2
1298142
1301745
20010009655
6333018
Priority Application
IT 1998-MI72
IT 1998-MI1394
A
A
Date
Application No.
Date
19990721
EP 1999-100238
19990108
20021127
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
LT, LV, FI, RO
19991220
IT 1998-MI72
19980116
20000707
IT 1998-MI1394
19980618
20010726
US 1999-231824
19990115
20011225
19980116
19980618
Abstract
Process for the industrial prodn. of hyperpure hydrogen peroxide also having high titer up to 60-70% by wt.
characterized in that the hydrogen peroxide produced in an industrial plant is directly fed to a purifn. unit, being part of
the same prodn. plant, in which the inverted osmosis, sepn. of the the high purity permeate flow and direct recycle of
the concd. flow to the prodn. plant, are carried out.
Bibliographic Information
Development and application of amperometric biosensors in food analysis.
Compagnone, D.; Moscone, D.;
Palleschi, G. Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, Universita di Roma "Tor Vergata" via della Ricerca
Scientifica, Rome, Italy. Recent Research Developments in Pure & Applied Analytical Chemistry (1998), 1 73-86.
Publisher: Transworld Research Network, CODEN: RPAAFR Journal; General Review written in English. CAN
131:213236 AN 1999:390192 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 11 refs. on amperometric enzyme electrodes of potential use for food industry developed recently in the
author's lab.
Bibliographic Information
Performances of a fiber optic sensor for on line measurement of coating thickness.
D'Emilia, Giulio.
Dipartimento di Energetica, University of L'Aquila, Roio Poggio, Italy.
Proceedings of SPIE-The International
Society for Optical Engineering (1999), 3538(Process Monitoring with Optical Fibers and Harsh Environment Sesors),
174-179. Publisher: SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, CODEN: PSISDG ISSN: 0277-786X.
Journal written in English.
CAN 130:254163
AN 1999:252679
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
244
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Abstract
Some aspects concerning a methodol. for the measurement of thickness of dry and wet coatings which is based on a
fiber optic probe are discussed in order to verify the feasibility of this approach and the capability of such a probe of on
line measuring. In this preliminary step of the research some problems are discussed mainly concerning the methodol.
which has been proposed and which is based on the measuring of the reflectance of the coating plated on thin steel
sheets for use in the food industry. Furthermore the effect of the main interfering and modifying quantities is discussed
both theor. and exptl. when the measurement has to be carried out in order to allow online coating thickness
measurements with satisfactory accuracy.
Bibliographic Information
Profile of a company. Dalmine Tube and State Steelworks (ATB). The art of gas cylinders.
Gargantini, Mario.
Dalmine ATB Spa, Italy.
Chimica e l'Industria (Milan) (1999), 81(1), 93-95. Publisher: Editrice Bias Sas,
CODEN: CINMAB ISSN: 0009-4315. Journal written in Italian. AN 1999:248218 CAPLUS (Copyright (C)
2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Ninety years of activity and an unceasing technol. improvement make Dalmine ATB the world leading producer of
pressure vessels. The company is part of the Techint Group and is increasing its presence on the global market. High
quality products and high efficiency of plants, allow Dalmine to meet users needs and to serve new emergent sectors as
food industry and the environment.
Bibliographic Information
Production of bacterial exopolysaccharides by solid substrate fermentation.
Stredansky, Miroslav; Conti,
Elena; Navarini, Luciano; Bertocchi, Claudia. Area Science Park, POLYtech S.C.ar.l., Trieste, Italy. Process
Biochemistry (Oxford) (1999), 34(1), 11-16. Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd., CODEN: PBCHE5 ISSN: 1359-5113.
Journal written in English.
CAN 130:337015
AN 1999:223935
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In a comparison of submerged cultivation (SC) with solid substrate fermn. (SSF) for the prodn. of bacterial
exopolysaccharides (EPS), the latter technique yielded 2 to 4.7 times more polymer than the former, on the lab. scale.
SSF was performed using inert solid particles (spent malt grains) impregnated with a liq. medium. The polymer yields
obtained from SSFs, as referred to the impregnating liq. vols., were as follows: 38.8 g/L xanthan from Xanthomonas
campestris, 21.8 g/L succinoglycan from Rhizobium hedysari and 20.3 g/L succinoglycan from Agrobacterium
tumefaciens PT45. These results make this technique promising for a potential application on the industrial scale. A
further advantage with this fermn. process is found in the availability and low cost of substrates, which are obtained as
byproducts or wastes from the agriculture or food industry.
Bibliographic Information
New technique for online measurement of the Brix degree.
Felisari, Ezio. Tecnova HT, Italy. Tecnologie
Chimiche (1998), 18(8), 80-82. Publisher: Gruppo Editoriale Stammer, CODEN: TECCDK ISSN: 0392-3452.
Journal; General Review written in Italian. CAN 130:208912 AN 1999:178353 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008
ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with no listed refs. In order to guarantee the quality of food and beverages, it is necessary to use digital
refractometers which correctly monitor the concns. of intermediates and end products. A description of the use of the
new digital refractometer PR-03-A made by K-Patents (Finland) and distributed in Italy by Tecnova HT is presented.
245
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 The principles of operation, construction details, measurement precision, installation procedures, sanitary aspects, and
various applications are presented.
Bibliographic Information
Titanium in food industry.
Feliciani, Roberta; Marcoaldi, Roberta; Gramiccioni, Luciana; Caiazza, Salvatore;
Giamberardini, Silvia. Lab. Tossicol. Appl., Ist. Super Sanita, Rome, Italy. Industrie Alimentari (Pinerolo, Italy)
(1999), 38(377), 13-15. Publisher: Chiriotti Editori spa, CODEN: INALBB ISSN: 0019-901X. Journal written in
Italian. CAN 130:195934 AN 1999:168401 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The Ti behavior in contact with foods was studied. Because of its physicochem. properties, Ti could be used as a
material intended to come into contact with foodstuffs. It could be used in food industry where manipulation of
corrosive or delicate liqs. is of major concern. The corrosion phenomena were studied at different conditions of temp.
and time using pure Ti and stainless steels Aisi 304 and 316 (as ref. materials) in contact with different simulated foods.
The metal plates 100x25x1 mm were immersed in 3% acetic acid, pickle of 3% acetic acid and 18-20% NaCl. The
immersion simulated short-term repeated contact (3-times 30 min at 100 C) or long-term storage contact (10 days at
40 C). The levels of Ti, Cr, Ni, and Mo in the immersion solns. were detd. by at. absorption spectrophotometry and
levels of Fe by flame emission spectrophotometry. The metal specimens were then submitted to morphol. anal. by SEM
to evaluate surface modifications. The Ti plates showed less corrosion than the stainless steel plates.
Bibliographic Information
Study of the Maillard reaction in model systems under conditions related to the industrial process of pasta
thermal VHT treatment.
Sensidoni, Alessandro; Peressini, Donatella; Pollini, Claudio M. Department of Food
Science, University of Udine, Udine, Italy. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (1999), 79(2), 317-322.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., CODEN: JSFAAE ISSN: 0022-5142. Journal written in English.
CAN
130:295708 AN 1999:140806 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Non-enzymic browning (NEB) due to the Maillard reaction (MR) was studied in a closed starch/glucose/lysine model
system (20 g/kg glucose, 10 g/kg lysine) to analyze conditions favoring reactivity during an industrial process of pasta
VHT (very high temp.) thermal treatment. The closed model pastes gave data on the-NEB progress during the pasta
drying cycle as a function of temp., time and water activity (aw). Indicators such as headspace CO2, optical d. and
color showed an increase of MR as the initial aw, increased from 0.50 to 0.91. During the initial stages of drying, a
combination of high temps. and high aw led to the most likely conditions for NEB.
Bibliographic Information
Enzyme applications for agroprocessing in developing countries: an inventory of current and potential
applications.
Rolle, R. S. Agro-Industries and Post-Harvest Management Service, Agricultural Support, Food and
Agriculture Organisation of The United Nations, Rome, Italy. World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
(1998), 14(5), 611-619. Publisher: Rapid Science Publishers, CODEN: WJMBEY ISSN: 0959-3993. Journal;
General Review written in English. CAN 130:280937 AN 1999:60824 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 100 refs. The use of enzymes has the potential to increase productivity, efficiency and quality output in
agro-industrial processing operations in many developing countries. Enzyme-catalyzed processes generally have
requirements for a simple manufg. base, low capital investment and consume relatively small amts. of energy, when
compared with other methods of food processing. This review presents an inventory of current and potential areas in
which the use of enzymes may expand and diversify markets for agricultural products, facilitate agro-industrial
246
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 development, improve nutrition, and reduce toxicity in foods produced and consumed in developing countries.
Bibliographic Information
Process and catalysts for
(Snamprogetti SpA, Italy).
Patent written in English.
AN 1999:32627 CAPLUS
the production of ethers from alcohols.
Patrini, Renata; Marchionna, Mario.
Brit. UK Pat. Appl. (1998), 27 pp. CODEN: BAXXDU GB 2323844 A 19981007
Application: GB 98-6669 19980327. Priority: IT 97-754 19970402. CAN 130:53948
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
GB 2323844
GB 2323844
US 6218583
NO 9801467
RU 2182900
NL 1008796
NL 1008796
Kind
A
B
B1
A
C2
A1
C2
Date
19981007
20001129
20010417
19981005
20020527
19981005
19981103
Priority Application
IT 1997-MI754
A
19970402
Application No.
GB 1998-6669
Date
19980327
US
NO
RU
NL
19980323
19980401
19980401
19980402
1998-45904
1998-1467
1998-106629
1998-1008796
Abstract
Ethers (e.g., di-n-pentyl ether), useful as octane-boosting blending components for gas oils (no data), are prepd. on an
industrial scale by: (A) sending a stream of C4-10 alcs. (e.g., 1-pentanol) over an acid etherification catalyst (e.g.,
perfluorosulfonic acid) in a reaction zone; (B) feeding the product stream from step A contg. the ethers and catalyst to
an extn. zone with C4-10 alcs. to produce a stream of ethers and a stream contg. the alcs. and the catalyst; (C) sending
the nonreacted alcs. and byproduct water to a distn. zone from which an azeotropic alc.-water stream is obtained with
the residual stream which is sent to the step A reaction zone; and (D) sending the azeotropic alc.-water stream to a sepn.
zone to sep. the alc. (which is recycled to the step A reaction zone) from the aq. stream. Process flow diagrams are
presented.
Bibliographic Information
Distribution of absorbance in visible spectrum related to molecular size fractions in secondary and tertiary
municipal-textile effluent.
Rozzi, A.; Malpei, F.; Colli, S.; Uberti, M. Department of Hydraulic, Environmental
and Survey Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy. Water Science and Technology (1998), 38(4-5), 473480. Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd., CODEN: WSTED4 ISSN: 0273-1223. Journal written in English. CAN
130:143472 AN 1999:25642 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Distribution of absorbance into the visible spectrum was studied as a function of the mol. size in the following streams:
the secondary effluent from a denitrification/nitrification activated sludge treatment plant (80% as COD load and 70%
as hydraulic load from textile industries) and the intermediate and final effluents of a pilot-scale advanced wastewater
treatment (AWT) fed on the secondary effluent, consisting of clariflocculation (FPS) and of granular activated C
adsorption (GAC). Correlations with the TOC distribution detd. in a previous research were studied. The TOC
distribution and absorption fingerprints as a function of the mol. cuts were found to be quite different: TOC was made
of small fractions up to the last cut for the 3 sampled streams (influent, effluent FPS and effluent GAC). The percent
absorbance distribution is much less homogeneous, and correlation between %TOC and percent absorbance seem to be
very poor which confirms that photometric anal. in the visible spectrum is unsuitable to monitor residual pollution in
textile effluents.
247
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
The synthetic peptide: a successful biotechnological product.
Massari, Stefania. Dipartimento di Zoologia,
Universita di Bari, Bari, Italy.
Journal of Commodity Science (1998), 37(1), 33-45. Publisher: Cooperativa
Libraria Universitaria Editrice, CODEN: RIMEDE ISSN: 0392-064X. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 130:152576 AN 1998:783464 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 28 refs. Synthetic peptides can be considered as an example of high technol. products directly connected
to the explosive development, obsd. in the last twenty years, of the biotechnologies, based on the knowledge and the
manipulation of living cells' mechanisms. The peptides, although already perform a lot of biol. processes in natural
conditions, once produced at industrial level by means of innovative automatic systems of synthesis, can find infinite
application in the most various fields, such as the pharmaceutical sector, the biochem. and diagnosis field, the food
industry, the agriculture and the environment. Thanks to the enormous versatility in the use of synthetic peptides, their
demand is increasing a lot and it offers good opportunities for the birth of new enterprising activities. Anyway, an open
and continuous collaboration between industry and the world of research is absolutely necessary for the establishment,
esp. in Italy, of the market of these high quality products.
Bibliographic Information
Determination of Maltitol, Isomaltitol, and Lactitol by High-pH Anion-Exchange Chromatography with Pulsed
Amperometric Detection.
Cataldi, Tommaso R. I.; Campa, Cristiana; Casella, Innocenzo G.; Bufo, Sabino A.
Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita degli Studi della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy. Journal of Agricultural and Food
Chemistry (1999), 47(1), 157-163. Publisher: American Chemical Society, CODEN: JAFCAU ISSN: 0021-8561.
Journal written in English.
CAN 130:124006
AN 1998:772002
CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on
SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Disaccharide alditols (DAs) such as maltitol, isomaltitol, and lactitol are increasingly being employed in food industry
by virtue of their low hydroscopicity, high stability, and good bulking properties. Still, these compds. are reducedcalorie sweeteners, so they are successfully employed in many dietetic foods, like candies, chocolates, baked products,
ice creams, and beverages. The detn. of maltitol, isomaltitol, and lactitol, along with other common carbohydrates, in
some foodstuffs such as toffees, biscuits, creams, sponge cakes, chocolates, roasted malt, and chicory leaves was
described. Sepns. were accomplished by high-pH anion-exchange chromatog. (HPAEC) with pulsed amperometric
detection using 40 mM NaOH + 1 mM Ba(CH3COO)2 as the mobile phase. The optimal detection potential (EDET =
+0.10 V) was established in voltammetric expts. carried out in batch and flowing stream solns. Under optimized
conditions there was no need for both post-column addn. of strong bases to the eluent and, even more important,
column regeneration between runs. A pellicular column with a relatively low ion-exchange capacity was adopted,
which allows a rapid sepn. of sorbitol, isomaltitol, lactitol, maltitol, glucose, fructose, sucrose, and lactose. The
presence in the alk. mobile phase of barium ions improved selectivity and reproducibility besides shorter anal. times as
well. Limits of detection were on the order of 10-20 pmol injected. The contents of DAs and other free sugars in some
dietetic foods were evaluated by calibration graphs.
Bibliographic Information
Development of a system with enzyme reactors for the determination of fish freshness.
Carsol, M.-A.; Mascini,
M. Dipartimento di Sanita Pubblica, Epidemiologia e Chimica Analitica Ambientale, Sezione di Chimica Analitica,
Florence, Italy. Talanta (1998), 47(2), 335-342. Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V., CODEN: TLNTA2 ISSN:
0039-9140. Journal written in English. CAN 130:94577 AN 1998:737033 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS
on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
248
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 A continuous system for the detn. of fish freshness with double enzyme reactors was developed and applied to the detn.
of the freshness indicator K K = 100(HxR + Hx)/(IMP + HxR + Hx), where IMP, HxR and Hx are Inosine
monophosphate, Inosine and Hypoxanthine, resp. The system was assembled with a three electrode screen-printed
element (graphite as working electrode, silver as counter and silver, silver chloride as ref. electrode) placed in a flow
cell, a sample injection valve and two enzyme reactors. The detn. of the total amt. of HxR and Hx is realized by
flowing the sample through two reactors in series: one reactor was packed with nucleoside phosphorylase (Np) and the
other with xanthine oxidase (XO) immobilized on aminopropyl glass. Similarly, the other term of the equation was
evaluated by flowing through the two reactors the sample treated by Alk. phosphatase (AlP) for 5-10 min at 45 . One
assay could be completed within 5 min. The system for the detn. of fish freshness was reproducible within 2-3% (n =
4). The immobilized enzymes were fairly stable for at least 3 mo at 4 . More than 200-300 samples could be analyzed
in about one month by using these enzyme reactors provided the disposable screen-printed electrode should be changed
every 30-40 real samples. The results obtained suggest that the proposed sensor system provides a simple, rapid and
economical method for the detn. of fish freshness (K). We applied the present system with two reactors for the detn. of
K values in fish samples and compared the results with those obtained by the XO-reactor. Correlation factor and
regression line between the two methods were 0.992 and Y = -3.14+1.03X resp. We concluded that the present flow
injection anal. (FIA) system with XO and Np reactors was suitable as a simple, easy to handle and reliable instrument
for quality control in the fish industry.
Bibliographic Information
Electrochemical incineration (mineralization) of glucose as a model organic substrate. Role of the electrode
material and of active chlorine mediation.
Ferro, S.; Lavezzo, F.; Lodi, G.; De Battisti, A.; Comninellis, Ch.
Dipartimento di Chimica dell'Universita, Ferrara, Italy.
Proceedings - Electrochemical Society (1998), 985(Environmental Issues in the Electronics/Semiconductor Industries and Electrochemical/Photochemical Methods for
Pollution Abatement), 75-90. Publisher: Electrochemical Society, CODEN: PESODO ISSN: 0161-6374. Journal
written in English. CAN 130:28750 AN 1998:727361 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
In the electrolysis of a soln. contg. glucose, as a model substrate in the wastewater from food industry, and a dil. NaCl,
the formation of active Cl makes the glucose mineralization at the stable DSA electrode substantially insensitive to the
nature of the electrode surface. The mineralization rate being the same at Ti/Pt, Ti/PbO2, TiSnO2-Pt, and Ti/IrO2
electrode.
Bibliographic Information
Application of Trichoderma enzymes in the food and feed industries.
Galante, Yves M.; De Conti, Alberto;
Monteverdi, Riccardo. Laboratory of Biotechnology, Central R&D, LAMBERTI s.p.a, Albizzate, Italy. Editor(s):
Harman, Gary E.; Kubicek, Christian P. Trichoderma and Gliocladium (1998), 2 327-342. Publisher: Taylor &
Francis, London, UK CODEN: 66NZAK Conference; General Review written in English. CAN 130:109269 AN
1998:722342 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with many 30 refs. covering the use of the Trichoderma enzymes, including macerating enzymes, in brewing,
wine making, fruit juice prodn., olive oil prodn., and animal feed prodn.
Bibliographic Information
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry in the dairy industry 2. The protein fingerprint of
ewe cheese and its application to detection of adulteration by bovine milk.
Fanton, Chiara; Delogu, Giovanna;
Maccioni, Elias; Podda, Gianni; Seraglia, Roberta; Traldi, Pietro.
Area della Ricerca, Corso Stati Uniti 4, CNR,
Padua, Italy. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry (1998), 12(20), 1569-1573. Publisher: John Wiley &
Sons Ltd., CODEN: RCMSEF ISSN: 0951-4198. Journal written in English. CAN 130:37419 AN 1998:697827
249
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Ewe milk and ewe cheese samples were analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry and
their protein profiles were compared with those obtained from bovine milk and bovine cheeses. Various mixts. of
bovine and ewe cheeses in different wt. ratios were analyzed, leading to a reproducible calibration curve, which has
been successfully employed in detg. the percentage of bovine milk fraudulently added to ewe milk in the prodn. of
marketed ewe cheese.
Bibliographic Information
Water saving in a two stage diafiltration for the production of whey protein concentrates.
Barba, D.;
Beolchini, F.; Veglio, F.
Dipartimento di Chimica, Ingengneria Chimica e Materiali, Universita degli Studi
dell'Aquila, Monteluco di Roio, L'Aquila, Italy.
Desalination (1998), 119(1-3), 187-188. Publisher: Elsevier
Science B.V., CODEN: DSLNAH ISSN: 0011-9164. Journal written in English.
CAN 129:259582
AN
1998:676347 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Whey proteins are of higher nutritive value than many other animal proteins. This makes whey an attractive raw
material in the prodn. of whey protein concs. (WPC). These ingredients have been used extensively in various
segments of the food industry including dairy, bakery, meat industry, confectionery, beverage prodn. and the manuf. of
baby and dietary foods. Due to the progress in membrane technol., it is possible now to obtain WPC contg. the desired
quantities of sol. native proteins, lactose and mineral matter. To obtain WPC with 65% of proteins or more in the solid
content, water is normally added during ultrafiltration, realizing a diafiltration operation. The WPC thus obtained
contain lower concn. of lactose which broadens their use in food products applications. The diafiltration operation is
characterized by high water consumption. The aim is the study of a 2-stage diafiltration process, where water
consumption results to be lower with respect to conventional diafiltration.
Bibliographic Information
Assessment of the dairy production needs of cattle owners in southeastern sicily.
Licitra, G.; Blake, R. W.;
Oltenacu, P. A.; Barresi, S.; Scuderi, S.; Van Soest, P. J.
Progetto Ibleo, Istituto de Scienze e Tecnologie delle
Produzioni Animali, Universita di Catania, Ragusa, Italy. Journal of Dairy Science (1998), 81(9), 2510-2517.
Publisher: American Dairy Science Association, CODEN: JDSCAE ISSN: 0022-0302. Journal written in English.
AN 1998:644850 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
This study was undertaken to investigate research and outreach priorities for Progetto Ibleo (Project Ibleo), a center
created in 1990 with tripartite government funding to serve dairy producers in the Hyblean region of Sicily. Data
comprised values for prodn. and compn. of milk from 1984 to 1989 from 35 herds of Modicana cows on a system based
on pasture and that from 69 input-intensive herds of Holstein cows, assocd. lactation and reprodn. measures, and yield
and compn. of forages from 4 of these farms in 1988. Season had a large effect on the neutral detergent fiber and crude
protein compn. of forages, prodn. and compn. of milk, and predicted yield of fresh Ragusano cheese manufd. from the
milk of these cows. The poorest forage quality and the poorest cow performance were obsd. in summer and fall months
(May to Oct.). Lactation curves that were flat, without a discernible peak, or convex were obsd. for both systems, esp.
for cows calving in spring and in the dry summer seasons (Mar. to July). These abnormalities, signifying substantial
sacrifices in prodn. potential, probably had a complex etiol. that stemmed from low nutrient intake and high neutral
detergent fiber and low crude protein compn. of the grazed and preserved forages. Research and outreach priorities to
support the Hyblean dairy industry should include chem. evaluation of forages and other feedstuffs, low moisture
ensiling of high quality winter forages, better formulation of diets that are dense with nutrients, and the shifting of
calving patterns to better exploit high quality winter forages.
250
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Bibliographic Information
Water content of sulfate-fined industrial soda-lime glass and its influence on workability.
Geotti-Bianchini,
Franco; De Riu, Luca.
Stazione Sperimentale Vetro, Murano, Italy.
Glass Science and Technology
(Frankfurt/Main) (1998), 71(8), 230-242. Publisher: Verlag der Deutschen Glastechnischen Gesellschaft, CODEN:
GSTEEX ISSN: 0946-7475. Journal written in English.
CAN 129:192335
AN 1998:580379
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The aims of the paper are: (a) to systematically det. by IR spectroscopy the water content of sulfate-fined industrial
soda-lime glass (mainly container and float, besides that household and tech. glass) produced in Italy; (b) to highlight
the influence of redox state, melting conditions, batch and cullet addn. on the water content; (c) to check the consistency
with time and between different feeders of the water content in the glass produced by a given furnace; (d) to assess
possible correlations between water content and workability in container glass. The water content ranges between 300
and 400 ppm in conventionally fired glass, with elec. melting it decreases to 150 to 200 ppm, with oxycombustion it
increases to 500-600 ppm. In the case of conventional flame melting the main factor influencing the water content is
the redox state, due to a water/sulfate exchange. When a glass with a given color and redox state is produced in a given
furnace, the daily oscillations of the OH level are moderate, with negligible effects on viscosity. In all the workability
problems analyzed the contribution of water content oscillations was negligible as compared to other factors.
According to the results obtained, significant water-related viscosity variations are expected to take place only when the
melting atm. or the redox conditions are significantly altered.
Bibliographic Information
Aromatic plants: a world of flavoring compounds.
Piccaglia, R. Dipartimento di Agronomia, Universita di
Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Agro-Food-Industry Hi-Tech (1998), 9(3), 12-15. Publisher: TeknoScienze, CODEN:
AIHTEI ISSN: 1120-6012. Journal written in English.
CAN 129:301848
AN 1998:539263
CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Arom. plants represent a renewable source of flavoring substances which can be employed in food industry, in
perfumery and in pharmaceutical prepns. In this research, several arom. plants typical of the Mediterranean area, were
studied and their oil content and quality were evaluated. In particular, the compn. of the essential oils was established
by GC and GC/MS and its possible changes due to the effects of some agricultural practices, environmental conditions
and plant development stages were studied. Relevant differences in the oil compns. due to different climatic conditions
were obsd. in Satureja montana L. and Thymus vulgaris L. crops grown in two successive years and changes in oil
compns. were found in Salvia officinalis L., Foeniculum vulgare Mill. and Mentha x piperita L. harvested at different
development stages. On the basis of oil compn., three chemotypes were evidenced among ten samples of Ocimum
basilicum L. and the chemotypes of S. montana and T. vulgaris were established.
Bibliographic Information
Measurement of ammonium concentration and nitrification rate by a new titrimetric biosensor.
Massone,
Alessandro; Gernaey, Krist; Rozzi, Alberto; Verstraete, Willy. Politecnico di Milano, Italy. Water Environment
Research (1998), 70(3), 343-350. Publisher: Water Environment Federation, CODEN: WAERED ISSN: 1061-4303.
Journal written in English. CAN 129:7999 AN 1998:342947 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder
(R))
Abstract
Nitrifiers are more sensitive than heterotrophic bacteria to environmental changes (such as temp., pH, shock loads as
biol. oxygen demand or nitrogen, and toxic/inhibiting loads). Moreover, they are slow-growing bacteria. Thus, a
careful control of their activity is needed to achieve continuous good effluent quality. To maintain an actively nitrifying
251
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 population, efficient process control requires monitoring of the toxicity and the ammonium concn. The latter is
commonly measured by online ammonium analyzers. A new sensor has been developed to measure both the ammonia
nitrogen (NH4+-N) content in the mixed liquor and the activity of the nitrifiers. The operating principle of the
biosensor is based on a titrn. method, which measures the protons produced during nitrification. This paper describes
the biosensor and the exptl. results (estn. of NH4+-N concn. and nitrification rate) obtained using activated sludge from
wastewater treatment plants receiving hospital and food industry effluents. The influence of changes in operational
factors such as pH, temp., and bicarbonate alky. on the measurements has been examd. The potential applications of
the system as an online biosensor are outlined.
Bibliographic Information
Economic aspects of Italian bergamot oil.
Crispo, Francesco; Lamonica, Giuseppe. Consorzio del Bergamotto,
Reggio Calabria, Italy. Rivista Italiana EPPOS (1998), (Spec. Num.), 60-73. Publisher: Rivista Italiana EPPOS,
CODEN: RIEPD7 ISSN: 0392-0445. Journal; General Review written in English.
CAN 129:71905
AN
1998:294228 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with 12 refs. The market of bergamot essential oil has been subjected, during the this last century, to strong
speculative operations which have detd. various crisis on this market field. The necessity of a tutorial law for the
Calabrian product was evident, so that it was established by the Italian legislation that the bergamot prodn. had to be
controlled by the "Consorzio del Bergamotto di Reggio Calabria" and the quality control limited to the Stazione
Sperimentale delle Essenze e Derivati Agrumari. The economic crisis were mainly detd. by the neg. com. campaign, by
the competition with synthetic products, sold at a very low price, and by the variation of the price of the essential oil
from year to year. Giving the bergamot prodn. control to the Consorzio detd. a more stable value of the oil on the
market, which is restricted to a very limited no. of consumers. The evolution the prodn. and exportation of bergamot
essential oil is examd. on the basis provided by the Stazione Sperimentale and on data reported by ISTAT (Italian
Statistics Institute). The variation of the Bergamot cultivation areas, the prodn. of the oil collected and commercialized
by the Consorzio, the unsold oil and the prices assessed by the Consorzio itself (representing about the 15-20% of the
market) are also examd. A new law for the valorization of bergamot was ratified by the Calabrian province in order to
maintain such an important source for the Calabrian economy and to stimulate, with appropriate financial supports, the
concn. of the whole oil prodn. and the quality control at the Consorzio. In this way it is possible to guarantee quality
and price suitable for the consumer and at the same time a right recompensation for the producer. The forecast for an
improved market of bergamot essential oil is pos., both for the oil to be used in the perfumes industry and in the food
industry as an ingredient in beverages and confectionery products, as well as in pharmaceutical applications.
Bibliographic Information
Pharmaceutical and cosmetic formulations with antimicrobial activity.
Bombardelli, Ezio; Morazzoni, Paolo.
(Indena S.P.A., Italy; Bombardelli, Ezio; Morazzoni, Paolo). PCT Int. Appl. (1998),
13 pp. CODEN: PIXXD2
WO 9817294 A1 19980430 Designated States W: AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, CA, CH, CN, CU,
CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, GB, GE, GH, HU, ID, IL, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MD,
MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, NO, NZ, PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TR, TT, UA, UG, US, UZ, VN,
YU, ZW, AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM. Designated States RW: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB,
GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG. Patent written in
English.
Application: WO 97-EP5529 19971008. Priority: IT 96-2148 19961017. CAN 128:326474
AN
1998:268370 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Patent Family Information
Patent No.
WO 9817294
Kind
A1
Date
Application No.
Date
19980430
WO 1997-EP5529
19971008
W: AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, CA, CH, CN, CU, CZ, DE,
DK, EE, ES, FI, GB, GE, GH, HU, ID, IL, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ,
LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, NO, NZ, PL,
252
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 CA
CA
AU
AU
EP
EP
2268914
2268914
9748657
717765
932408
932408
A1
C
A
B2
A1
B1
CN
CN
HU
HU
JP
JP
SK
AT
CZ
PT
ES
RU
PL
NO
NO
KR
HK
US
US
1233184
1114436
9904679
9904679
2000507609
3279321
282410
211388
289845
932408
2170374
2196599
187940
9901740
321146
2000049164
1022278
20010046525
6475536
A
B
A2
A3
T
B2
B6
T
B6
T
T3
C2
B1
A
B1
A
A1
A1
B2
Priority Application
IT 1996-MI2148
WO 1997-EP5529
WO 1997-EP5510
IT 1996-MI2149
US 1999-254038
US 1999-254040
US 1999-301687
A
W
W
A
B2
B2
A1
PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, TJ, TM, TR, TT, UA, UG, US, UZ,
VN, YU, ZW
RW: GH, KE, LS, MW, SD, SZ, UG, ZW, AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB,
GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, ML,
MR, NE, SN, TD, TG
19980430
CA 1997-2268914
19971008
20040210
19980515
AU 1997-48657
19971008
20000330
19990804
EP 1997-911196
19971008
20020102
R: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE, MC, PT, IE, SI,
FI, RO
19991027
CN 1997-198872
19971008
20030716
20000528
HU 1999-4679
19971008
20011128
20000620
JP 1998-518894
19971008
20020430
20020107
SK 1999-495
19971008
20020115
AT 1997-911196
19971008
20020417
CZ 1999-1330
19971008
20020429
PT 1997-911196
19971008
20020801
ES 1997-911196
19971008
20030120
RU 1999-110382
19971008
20041130
PL 1997-332870
19971008
19990610
NO 1999-1740
19990413
20060327
20000725
KR 1999-703259
19990415
20040227
HK 2000-101283
20000301
20011129
US 2001-884939
20010621
20021105
19961017
19971008
19971007
19971017
19990226
19990226
19990429
Abstract
Pharmaceutical and cosmetic formulations contg. a hydrophilic ext. of Krameria (esp. K. triandra) and a lipophilic ext.
of Mesua ferrea show synergistic antimicrobial activity against gram-pos., gram-neg., and anaerobic bacteria,
Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and Candida albicans. The active components of Krameria exts. are neolignans such as
eupomatenoid 6 and 2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5-propenylbenzofuran. The combination of exts. may be applied in
topical therapeutic formulations or as a preservative in the food and cosmetic industries.
Bibliographic Information
The Titania Group. Competence in materials of the advanced technology.
Guglielmi, Fabio; Sibum, Heinz.
Centro Sviluppo Applicazioni Titanio S.p.A., Terni, Italy. Technische Mitteilungen Krupp (1998), (1), 27-35.
253
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 Publisher: Fried. Krupp AG Hoesch-Krupp, CODEN: TMKREQ ISSN: 0930-9276. Journal; General Review written
in German. CAN 128:311170 AN 1998:260114 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
A review with no refs. with discussion of the Titania Group (the chief manufacturer of Ti products in Western Europe,
and 8-10% of the worldwide market), and the properties and applications of Ti and Ti alloys. Topics discussed include
uses of Ti (Ti alloys for structural components for use at low and/or high temps., for corrosion-resistant applications, for
special or new applications), prodn. of Ti (Ti sponge, melting process), customer-oriented products (e.g. sheets for heat
exchangers, for explosive cladding), Titania's new application development center (CSAT) (use of Ti in the food
industry, development of metal matrix composites for the aircraft industry, further projects), as well as future prospects
and strategies of the Titania Group.
Bibliographic Information
Study of fouling phenomena in apple juice clarification by enzyme membrane reactor.
Giorno, Lidietta;
Donato, Laura; Todisco, Silvestro; Drioli, Enrico. Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of
Calabria, Arcavacata Di Rende, Italy. Separation Science and Technology (1998), 33(5), 739-756. Publisher:
Marcel Dekker, Inc., CODEN: SSTEDS ISSN: 0149-6395. Journal written in English. CAN 128:320862 AN
1998:255655 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Membrane sepn. processes have great potential in the food industry due to their ability to operate in mild conditions and
to involve no phase change or chem. agents. The present work is part of a project which investigates the use of
integrated membrane processes to produce fruit juices that are additive-free and have a natural, fresh taste. A study to
optimize the depectinization and clarification of apple juice by enzyme membrane reactors has been carried out by
using lab. and semipilot scale equipments. The performance of the membrane systems has been investigated in terms of
permeate flux and degree of depectinization. The effects of various parameters (transmembrane pressure, axial flow
rate, feed mixt., etc.) on membrane fouling have been evaluated, and the fouling mechanism has been interpreted in
terms of complete pore blocking or cake filtration. The permeate flux improved with an increasing enzyme percentage
in the feed mixt.
Bibliographic Information
An Italian approach.
Mascini, M.; Marrazza, G. Sezione di Chimica Analitica, Dipartimento di Sanita' Pubblica,
Epidemiologia e Chimica Analitica Ambientale, Florence, Italy. Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry
(1998), 167(Biosensors for Food Analysis), 91-100. Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry, CODEN: SROCDO
ISSN: 0260-6291. Journal; General Review written in English. CAN 128:281822 AN 1998:235291 CAPLUS
(Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
Long life milk treated at ultra high temp. (UHT procedure) was one of the subjects of research and procedures were
developed to control L-lactate in milk for monitoring bacterial fermn. The possibility of measuring L-lactate in a few
seconds directly in whole milk without any conventional preliminary treatment (deproteinization) was demonstrated.
However, with some bacteria D-lactate is formed which is not detected by the specific L-lactate biosensor. The
research was then extended to develop biosensors for D-lactate exploiting a different pathway of lactate oxidn. through
D-lactate dehydrogenase instead of the oxidase which was unavailable com. in this case. This research provides new
applications of biosensors while eliminating interference through microdialysis and pre-electrolysis procedures.
Another group of metabolites of special interest for food industries are pesticides. Acetylcholinesterase activity is
inhibited by phosphoric and carbamic pesticides and the term Total Anticholinesterase Activity (TAA) is being
considered for adoption in Italy as a general index for the presence of pesticide in drinking H2O. New technologies
based on Piezolectric devices for following antigen-antibody reactions directly are considered; this technique can have
application by the food industry for measuring low concns. of specific metabolites such as Atrazine which was
254
Ricerca Bibliografica 1998­2008 measured at ppb level. A review with 8 refs.
Bibliographic Information
Crystallization processes and plants.
Guerreri, Gianfranco. Milan, Italy. Tecnologie Chimiche (1998), 18(1),
94-100. Publisher: Gruppo Editoriale Stammer, CODEN: TECCDK ISSN: 0392-3452. Journal written in Italian.
CAN 128:296481 AN 1998:220550 CAPLUS (Copyright (C) 2008 ACS on SciFinder (R))
Abstract
The criteria for evaluation of a crystn. process principally concern its productive capacity, and the av. size, distribution,
and purity of the crystals. These factors