Countries in Focus: Europe ITALY Location: Southern Europe Geographic Features: Alps Mediterranean Sea Capital: Rome ITALY Climate: Predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south Chief Export: Automobile machinery and parts ITALY Estimated Population: 58.1 million Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $1.737 trillion Per Capita: $29,900 ITALY Literacy Rate: 98.4% Religion(s): Roman Catholic – 90% Other – 10% ITALY Official Language(s): Italian (Romance) Greeting: Buon giorno! Il Canto degli Italiani Italian Brothers, Italy has awakened, She has wreathed her head With the helmet of Scipio. Where is Victory? She bows her head to you, You, whom God created As the slave of Rome. Let us band together, We are ready to die, We are ready to die, Italy has called us.