The Italian National Anthem "Inno di Mameli" Michelle Ehrmann History • The lyrics to the National Anthem of Italy were written as a poem in Genoa by Goffredo Mameli in 1847 • Michele Novaro set the lyrics to music in Turin two months later. • It became the Italian National Anthem, or “il Canto degli Italiani”, when Italy became a republic in 1946. • It was not officially declared the national anthem by law until November 2005. Goffredo Mameli • Had a degree in law from the University of Genoa • Became enthusiastic about the republican ideals of Giuseppe Mazzini • In March 1848, he fought against the Austrians in Lombardy • In December 1848 he went to Rome, where he helped establish the Roman Republic • Mameli died from a wound suffered fighting for the Roman L’inno di Mameli • Fratelli d'Italia, L'Italia s'è desta; Dell'elmo di Scipio1 S'è cinta la testa. Dov'è la Vittoria? Le porga la chioma;2 Ché schiava di Roma Iddio la creò. Stringiamci a coorte! Siam pronti alla morte; Italia chiamò. • Brothers of Italy, Italy has awakened; Scipio's helmet1 she has put on her head. Where is the Victory? Offer her the hair;2 because slave of Rome God created her. Let us unite! We are ready to die; Italy called. 1. The helmet of Marcus Scipio in the novel Hannibal’s children. 2. A possible reference to the ancient custom of slaves cutting their hair short as a sign of servitude • We have been for centuries • Noi siamo da secoli stamped on, and laughed Calpesti, derisi, Perché non siam popolo, at, because we are not one Perché siam divisi. people, Raccolgaci un'unica because we are divided. Bandiera, una speme; Let's unite under Di fonderci insieme one flag, one dream; Già l'ora suonò. To melt together Already the time has come. Stringiamci a coorte! Siam pronti alla morte; Let us unite! Italia chiamò. We are ready to die; Italy called. • Uniamoci, amiamoci; L'unione e l'amore Rivelano ai popoli Le vie del Signore. Giuriamo far libero Il suolo natio: Uniti, per Dio, Chi vincer ci può? Stringiamci a coorte! Siam pronti alla morte; Italia chiamò. • Let's unite, let's love; The union and the love Reveal to the people God's ways. We swear to liberate the native soil: United, for God, Who can beat us? Let us unite! We are ready to die; Italy called. • Dall'Alpe a Sicilia, Dovunque è Legnano3; Ogn'uom di Ferruccio4 Ha il core e la mano; I bimbi d'Italia Si chiaman Balilla5; Il suon d'ogni squilla I Vespri suonò. Stringiamci a coorte! Siam pronti alla morte; Italia chiamò. • From the Alps to Sicily, Everywhere is Legnano3; Every man of Ferruccio4 has the heart and the hand; the children of Italy are called Balilla5; The sound of every church bell calling for evening prayers. Let us unite! We are ready to die; Italy called. 3. Legnano is the site of a famous battle in 1176 where various Italian comunities fought against Emperor Federico Barbarossa for their freedom 4. Ferruccio was a captain who valliantly defended Florence from the troops of Charles V in 1530. 5. Balilla was a nickname for Giambattista Perasso who was a child from Genova that fought in the 1746 people's revolution of Genova against the Austrians. • Son giunchi che piegano Le spade vendute6; Già l'Aquila d'Austria Le penne ha perdute. Il sangue d'Italia E il sangue Polacco7 Bevé col Cosacco8, Ma il cor le bruciò. Stringiamci a coorte! Siam pronti alle morte; Italia chiamò • They are branches that bend the sold swords6; Already the eagle of Austria has lost its feathers. the blood of Italy and the Polish blood7 Drank with Cossacks8 But its heart was burnt. Let us unite! We are ready to die; Italy called. 6. "Sold swords" - referring to Italian mercanaries bought by the French to fight against the Italian Republicans. 7. “Polish blood" - referring to the Austrians who jointly with Russia invaded and destroyed Poland. 8. A group of predominantly East Slavic people who originally were members of military communities in Ukraine and Southern Russia. Bibliography • "The Italian National Anthem." www.RomanLife-RomeItaly.com. Marcus Ruhl, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. <http://www.romanlife-romeitaly.com/ italian-national-anthem.html>. • Sarti, Roland. "Mameli, Goffredo." Italy: A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present, European Nations. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2004. Modern World History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp? ItemID=WE53&iPin=ITA0492&SingleRecord=True (accessed March 24, 2011). • "Goffredo Mameli." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/360771/Goffredo-Mameli>.